Marine Corps Navy Cross Recipients 1919 to 1942 by HC120207083514

VIEWS: 27 PAGES: 50

									           Marine Corps Valor




U.S. Marine Corps
Recipients of The
   Navy Cross




             1919 – 1942
                        133 Awards


                      Compiled & Edited
                             By
                      C. Douglas Sterner

           Haiti (Second Campaign)               9
           Lake Denmark Explosion               16
           Nicaragua (Second Campaign)         100
           Byrd Expeditions (1928-1935)          4
           Interim 1930-1942                     4

CITATIONS AND PHOTOS OF INDIVIDUAL RECIPIENTS OF THE NAVY CROSS
                    Marine Corps Valor




                     NAVY CROSS AWARDS
                             TO
                        U.S. MARINES
                         1919 - 1942




                         Compiled & Edited
                                By
                         C. Douglas Sterner




Made Available By
HomeOfHeroes.com
P.O. Box 122
Pueblo, CO 81005
                                       ALPHABETICAL ROSTER OF RECIPIENTS




2d Hatian Campaign..................... 1           Clark, Cecil H........................... 14       O'Day, Edward F. .................... 28
   Blanchard, John D. .................... 1        Cobb, John M. ......................... 14         O'Shea, George J. ................... 29
   Entrekin, Emery L. ..................... 1       Darrah, Clyde R. ...................... 14         *Palrang, Arthur M. .................. 29
   Hanneken, Herman Henry ......... 1               Davis, Chester A...................... 15          Paschal, Archie ........................ 29
   Passmore, William F. ................ 2          Eadens, Alva ........................... 15        Pierce, Francis E. .................... 29
   Paul, William.............................. 2    Edson, Merritt Austin ............... 15           Pierce, Harold C. ..................... 30
   Perkins, Jesse L. ....................... 2      *Elliott, Edward E. .................... 16        Piper, Earl S............................. 30
   Russell, John H. ........................ 3      Erpelding, George H. ............... 16            *Power, Lester E. ..................... 30
   Taubert, Albert Adolph .............. 3          Floyd, Oliver ............................ 16      Puller, Lewis B. ........................ 31
   Villars, Roy L. ............................ 3   Gale, Eugene B. ...................... 17          Puller, Lewis B. ........................ 31
Lake Denmark Explosion ............... 4            Gayer, Harry ............................ 17       Richal, Meron A,. ..................... 31
   *Alfson, Orlando M. ................... 4        Geyer, Peter C......................... 17         Ridderhof, Stanley F. ............... 32
   *Barker, Virgle C........................ 4      Gould, Moses J........................ 18          Roberts, Harold C. ................... 32
   Bush, George J. G..................... 4         Gray, Earl T. ............................ 18      Rockey, Keller Emrick .............. 32
   *Clarke, Burwell H. .................... 4       Gulick, Louis M. ....................... 18        Roos, Otto N. ........................... 33
   *Eidson, Mason D...................... 5         Guymon, Vernon M. ................ 18              Rossell, Joseph A. ................... 33
   *Graham, Ralph V. P. ................ 5          Hakala, Edwin U. ..................... 19          Salzman, Elmer H. ................... 33
   Granger, Warren Laise .............. 5           Hamas, John ........................... 19         Schmidt, Harry ......................... 34
   *Hardaker, Maurice R. ............... 5          Hanneken, Herman Henry ....... 19                  Schoneberger, Russell ............ 34
   Kensick, Casmer M. .................. 6          *Harbaugh, Joseph A. ............. 20              Shepard, Millard T. .................. 34
   Lewis, Marvin ............................ 6     Hatfield, Gilbert D. ................... 20        Simmons, Orville B. ................. 35
   Little, John A.............................. 6   Holmes, Maurice G. ................. 20            Simon, Allen E. ........................ 35
   *Mackert, Henry D., Jr. .............. 6         *Hunter, Robert S. ................... 21          Smith, George C., Jr. ............... 35
   *Monroe, John W....................... 7         Hutcherson, Mack.................... 21            Smith, Julian C......................... 36
   *Powell, Ernest .......................... 7     Jack, Samuel S........................ 21          *Stengle, Meyer ....................... 36
   Rachford, Frederick J. ............... 7         Jackson, Frank A. .................... 22          Stockes, George F. .................. 36
   *Weber, Frank C........................ 7        *Jackson, Marvin A. ................. 22           Thatcher, Miles R..................... 37
Second Nicaraguan Campaign ...... 8                 Keimling, Herbert S. ................ 22           *Toro, Rafel.............................. 37
   Archer, Percy F. ........................ 8      Kerns, Paul .............................. 22      Turner, Charles E. ................... 37
   *Archibald, Robert J. ................. 8        Kilcourse, Thomas J. ............... 23            Walraven, John G. ................... 38
   *Aron, Irving W. ......................... 8     *Kosieradzki, Frank ................. 23           *White, Russell ........................ 38
   Atkinson, Benjamin W. .............. 9           Larsen, Henry L. ...................... 23         *Williams, Charles.................... 38
   Ballinger, Ernest F. .................... 9      Lee, William A.......................... 24        Williams, Gregon A. ................. 39
   Beadle, Elias R. ......................... 9     Lee, William A.......................... 24        Wood, John C. ......................... 39
   Berkeley, Randolph Carter ...... 10              Lee, William A.......................... 24        Yelanich, Anthony G. ............... 39
   Blake, Robert........................... 10      Lester, Herbert Dee ................. 25           Young, John S. E. .................... 40
   Bleasdale, Victor F. ................. 10        Letcher, John S. ...................... 25      Byrd Expeditions........................... 41
   Brown, Julian P. ...................... 11       Litz, Richard J. ......................... 25      Bubier, Kennard F.................... 41
   Bruce, Thomas C. ................... 11          Livingston, Richard .................. 26          Carbone, Alphonse .................. 41
   *Buchanan, Richard B. ............ 11            MacNulty, William K................. 26            Czegka, Victor H. ..................... 41
   *Bunn, Bennie M. .................... 11         *McCarty, Joseph A. ................ 26            Czegka, Victor Hugo ................ 41
   *Bush, Lambert........................ 12        *McGhee, William E................. 27          Interim 1930 - 1942 ...................... 43
   Buttrick, James T..................... 12        McHenry, George W. ............... 27              *Baskin, Thomas A. ................. 43
   Carlson, Evans Fordyce .......... 13             Meade, James J. ..................... 27           Brandon, Joseph L................... 43
   Challacombe, Arthur D. ........... 13            Moore, Edward B. .................... 28           Deyhle, Frank E. ...................... 43
   Chappell, Clarence J. .............. 13          Mosier, Melvin ......................... 28        Dunlap, Robert H. .................... 44
                                 2D HATIAN CAMPAIGN
BLANCHARD, JOHN D.
Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps
1st Provisional Brigade of Marines (Gendarmerie d'Haiti),
Date of Action: December 6, 1929
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to John D. Blanchard, Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps,
for distinguished service in the line of his profession while serving with the First
Provisional Brigade of Marines (Gendarmerie d'Haiti)on the afternoon of 6 December
1929, while in command of a patrol composed of one Marine Gunner and twenty men of
the U.S. Marine Corps serving with the Gendarmerie d'Haiti at the junction of the Grand
Ravine and Grand Route de Torbeck, about one mile from the city of Aux Cayes. The
patrol made contact with a mob of about 1,500 hostile Haitians armed with knives, machetes and coomacaques that
was advancing on the city of Aux Cayes with the intention of entering the city to rob, burn and kill. The patrol
advanced in an effort to peaceably disperse the mob which divided into four bodies, the main body facing the patrol
about 175 yards distant and smaller bodies taking up positions in cane fields on each flank and in the rear of the
patrol. When it was seen that persuasion was of no avail and that the mob was preparing to attack the patrol, a short
burst of fire was directed at the main body while the can fields on the flanks were swept. This effective fire
immediately broke up the threatened attack and caused the mob to disperse. Lieutenant Blanchard displayed
commendable courage and forbearance in attempting to disperse the mob by peaceful means and, when the necessity
arose, exhibited laudable presence of mind and leadership in promptly taking effective measures to quell the up-
rising and save the lives of his patrol. The action of Lieutenant Blanchard undoubtedly prevented the sacking of the
city of Aux Cayes and the pillage, fire and murder that would have followed.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 03976-1-3 ACE-rls (16 April 1930)

ENTREKIN, EMERY L.
Private, U.S. Marine Corps
1st Provisional Brigade of Marines (Gendarmerie d'Haiti),
Date of Action: May 19, 1920
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Emery L. Entrekin, Private, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in the line
of his profession while serving with the First Provisional Brigade of Marines (Gendarmerie d'Haiti), May 19, 1920.
With total disregard of personal danger he attacked, with Captain Jesse L. Perkins and two other enlisted men, a
band of about seventy-five armed bandits of the Mirebalais District, resulting in the death of the greatest bandit
leader, Benoit Batraville, and the practical suppression of banditry throughout the District.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 154474 (19 May 1922)
    Born: at Bowdon, Georgia
    Home Town: Logan, Alabama

HANNEKEN, HERMAN HENRY
(First Award)
First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps
1st Provisional Brigade of Marines (Gendarmerie d'Haiti),
Date of Action: March 31 - April 1, 1920
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Herman Henry Hanneken, First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine
Corps, for extraordinary heroism displayed on the night of March 31 - April 1, 1920, by
advancing into the camp of Osiris Joseph, a notorious bandit leader, while serving with the
First Provisional Brigade of Marines (Gendarmerie d'Haiti). With admirable disregard of
danger, Lieutenant Hanneken, leading a small detail, advanced to within about fifteen feet of Osiris Joseph, who was


                                                     Page 1
Navy Cross Awards to U.S. Marines                                                       2nd Haitian Campaign

surrounded by his followers, shot and killed him, thereby ridding the country of a bandit who had long terrorized
Northern Haiti. In addition to the courage displayed, the resourcefulness shown, and the careful planning necessary
to accomplish his mission are worthy of the highest praise.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 0392-3-1 AG-25-jhp (21 July 1921)
    Born: 6/23/1893 at St. Louis, Missouri
    Home Town: St. Louis, Missouri
 Other Award: Medal of Honor (1st Haitian), Navy Cross w/Gold Star (2nd Nicaragua)

PASSMORE, WILLIAM F.
Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps
1st Provisional Brigade of Marines (Gendarmerie d'Haiti),
Date of Action: May 19, 1920
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to William F. Passmore, Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in the
line of his profession while serving with the First Provisional Brigade of Marines (Gendarmerie d'Haiti), May 19,
1920. With total disregard of personal danger he attacked, with Captain Jesse L. Perkins and two other enlisted men,
a band of about seventy-five armed bandits of the Mirebalais District, resulting in the death of the greatest bandit
leader, Benoit Batraville, and the practical suppression of banditry throughout the District.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 79187 (19 May 1922)
    Born: at Hayesville, North Carolina
    Home Town: Atlanta, Georgia

PAUL, WILLIAM
First Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps
1st Provisional Brigade of Marines, Constabulary Detachment (Port au Prince, Haiti),
Date of Action: May 12, 1930
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to William Paul, First Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism on 12
May 1930 while serving with the First Provisional Brigade of Marines in Haiti. In command of ten gardes, First
Sergeant Paul accompanied a party of Government officials to Habitation Deck, Republic of Haiti, for the purpose
of seizing state property on which the tenants refused to pay rent. Two hundred and fifty of these inhabitants were
armed with machetes and spears and refused to permit the seizures. First Sergeant Paul was subjected to
considerable danger in attempting to disarm the mob, and although he was struck on the head with a rock, knocked
down and dazed, he continued to expose himself to personal danger. By his quick decision and excellent judgment
he succeeded in escorting the party of Government officials to a place of safety and successfully executed his
mission without firing into the mob.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 170264 ACE-jfb (25 October 1930)
    Born: at Brooklyn, New York
    Home Town: New York, New York

PERKINS, JESSE L.
Captain, U.S. Marine Corps
1st Provisional Brigade of Marines (Gendarmerie d'Haiti),
Date of Action: May 19, 1920
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Jesse L. Perkins, Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in the line
of his profession while serving with the First Provisional Brigade of Marines (Gendarmerie d'Haiti), May 19, 1920.
With total disregard of personal danger Captain Perkins attached almost single-handed a band of about seventy-five
armed bandits of the Mirebalais District, resulting in the death of the greatest of the bandit leaders, Benoit Batraville,
and the practical suppression of the disorder in the District.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 0757 (19 May 1922)
    Born: at Fairfax, Missouri
    Home Town: Baltimore, Maryland




                                                       Page 2
Navy Cross Awards to U.S. Marines                                                      2nd Haitian Campaign

RUSSELL, JOHN H.
Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps
1st Provisional Brigade of Marines,
Date of Action: December 6, 1929
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to John H. Russell, Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps, for
distinguished service in the line of his profession in able administration of the First
Provisional Brigade of Marines in Haiti, and for wisdom and tact in all his dealings with
the officials of the Haitian Government and people.
    Born: 11/14/1872 at Mare Island, California
    Home Town: Coronado, California


TAUBERT, ALBERT ADOLPH
(First Award)
Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps
1st Provisional Brigade of Marines (Gendarmerie d'Haiti),
Date of Action: May 19, 1920
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Albert Adolph Taubert, Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in
the line of his profession while serving with the First Provisional Brigade of Marines (Gendarmerie d'Haiti), May
19, 1920. With total disregard of personal danger he attacked, with Captain Jesse L. Perkins and two other enlisted
men, a band of about seventy-five armed bandits of the Mirebalais District, resulting in the death of the greatest
bandit leader, Benoit Batraville, and the practical suppression of banditry throughout the District.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 78838 (19 May 1922)
    Born: at Madison, Wisconsin
    Home Town: Madison, Wisconsin
 Other Award: Navy Cross (WWI), Distinguished Service Cross (WWI)


VILLARS, ROY L.
Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps
1st Provisional Brigade of Marines (Gendarmerie d'Haiti),
Date of Action: April 16, 1920
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Roy L. Villars, Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism displayed on
April 16, 1920, in defending his post at Marche Canard, against greatly superior bandit forces, while serving with
the First Provisional Brigade of Marines (Gendarmerie d'Haiti). Corporal Villars' bravery and utter disregard for
personal safety, in exposing himself to the enemy during three different assaults which occurred during the three-
hour attack, and by his excellent handling of an automatic rifle, saved this brave garrison from annihilation until
relief arrived. Corporal Villars personally killed the Chief of attacking bandit forces, General Vil-Jean, during one of
the assaults, who had advanced to within three yards of his feet.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 114590 AG-25-jhp (21 July 1921)
    Born: at Glenwood, West Virginia
    Home Town: Proctorville, Ohio




                                                      Page 3
                         LAKE DENMARK EXPLOSION

*ALFSON, ORLANDO M.
Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps
Naval Ammunition Depot, Lake Denmark, NJ
Date of Action: July 10, 1926
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Orlando M. Alfson, Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary
heroism and fearless devotion to duty on the occasion of the explosions from lightning at the Naval Ammunition
Depot, Lake Denmark, N.J., on 10 July 1926. Although he fully realized the imminence of great peril, Private
Barker continued at his post of duty in an endeavor to check the spread of the disaster, thereby losing his life.
*BARKER, VIRGLE C.
Private, U.S. Marine Corps
Naval Ammunition Depot, Lake Denmark, NJ
Date of Action: July 10, 1926
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Virgle C. Barker, Private, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and fearless
devotion to duty on the occasion of the explosions from lightning at the Naval Ammunition Depot, Lake Denmark,
N.J., on 10 July 1926. Although he fully realized the imminence of great peril, Private Barker continued at his post
of duty in an endeavor to check the spread of the disaster, thereby losing his life.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 180971 ACE-jfb (21 October 1926)
    Born: at Nicholas County, Kentucky
    Home Town: Mount Sterling, Kentucky

BUSH, GEORGE J. G.
Private, U.S. Marine Corps
Naval Ammunition Depot, Lake Denmark, NJ
Date of Action: July 10, 1926
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to George J. G. Bush, Private, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and
fearless devotion to duty on the occasion of the explosions from lightning at the Naval Ammunition Depot, Lake
Denmark, N.J., on 10 July 1926. Although his sentry box was blown apart and he was thrown about thirty feet from
it and was rendered unconscious, Private Bush, upon recovering, found the East Gate afire, placed a ladder against
the high wire fence and assisted six civilians, including four children, to escape from the danger area. He remained
on post until ordered out of the Depot for the purpose of assisting the Commandant's wife, Mrs. Dowling, to escape.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 191764 ACE-jfb (18 November 1926)
    Born: at Ramsey, New Jersey
    Home Town: Jersey City, New Jersey

*CLARKE, BURWELL H.
Captain, U.S. Marine Corps
Naval Ammunition Depot, Lake Denmark, NJ
Date of Action: July 10, 1926
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Burwell H. Clarke, Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and
fearless devotion to duty on the occasion of the explosions from lightning at the Naval Ammunition Depot, Lake
Denmark, N.J., on 10 July 1926. Although he realized the imminence of great peril Captain Clarke continued at his
post of duty in an endeavor to check the spread of the disaster, thereby losing his life.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 0166-1 ACE-jfb (21 October 1926)
    Born: at Morrilton, Arkansas
    Home Town: Morrilton, Arkansas



                                                     Page 4
Navy Cross Awards to U.S. Marines                                             Lake Denmark Explosion

*EIDSON, MASON D.
Trumpeter, U.S. Marine Corps
Naval Ammunition Depot, Lake Denmark, NJ
Date of Action: July 10, 1926
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Mason D. Eidson, Trumpeter, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and
fearless devotion to duty on the occasion of the explosions from lightning at the Naval Ammunition Depot, Lake
Denmark, N.J., on 10 July 1926. Although he fully realized the imminence of great peril, Trumpeter Eidson
continued at his post of duty in an endeavor to check the spread of the disaster, thereby losing his life.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 170349 ACE-jfb (21 October 1926)
    Born: at Owensboro, Kentucky
    Home Town: Evansville, Indiana

*GRAHAM, RALPH V. P.
Private, U.S. Marine Corps
Naval Ammunition Depot, Lake Denmark, NJ
Date of Action: July 10, 1926
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Ralph V. P. Graham, Private, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and
fearless devotion to duty on the occasion of the explosions from lightning at the Naval Ammunition Depot, Lake
Denmark, N.J., on 10 July 1926. Although he fully realized the imminence of great peril, Private Graham continued
at his post of duty in an endeavor to check the spread of the disaster, thereby losing his life.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 194018 ACE-jfb (21 October 1926)
    Born: at Muskegon, Michigan
    Home Town: Fort Worth, Texas

GRANGER, WARREN LAISE
Quartermaster Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps
Naval Ammunition Depot, Lake Denmark, NJ
Date of Action: July 10, 1926
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Warren Laise Granger, Quartermaster Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for
extraordinary heroism and fearless devotion to duty on the occasion of the explosions from lightning at the Naval
Ammunition Depot, Lake Denmark, N.J., on 10 July 1926. Quartermaster Sergeant Granger at the time of the first
explosion was visiting some friends about two miles distant from the Naval Ammunition Depot, and immediately
proceeded by automobile to the Main Cannon Gate of the Picatinny Arsenal, where he remained on duty for twenty-
five hours while shells and debris were falling around the sentry box from which he was receiving and sending
messages in connection with the disaster. His messages were the first official notification of the disaster.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 167990 ACE-jfb (18 November 1926)
    Born: at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
    Home Town: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

*HARDAKER, MAURICE R.
Private, U.S. Marine Corps
Naval Ammunition Depot, Lake Denmark, NJ
Date of Action: July 10, 1926
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Maurice R. Hardaker, Private, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and
fearless devotion to duty on the occasion of the explosions from lightning at the Naval Ammunition Depot, Lake
Denmark, N.J., on 10 July 1926. Although he fully realized the imminence of great peril, Private Hardaker
continued at his post of duty in an endeavor to check the spread of the disaster, thereby losing his life.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 196199 ACE-jfb (21 October 1926)
    Born: at Greenville, South Carolina
    Home Town: Galloway, Florida




                                                   Page 5
Navy Cross Awards to U.S. Marines                                                  Lake Denmark Explosion

KENSICK, CASMER M.
Private, U.S. Marine Corps
Naval Ammunition Depot, Lake Denmark, NJ
Date of Action: July 10, 1926
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Casmer M. Kensick, Private, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and
fearless devotion to duty on the occasion of the explosions from lightning at the Naval Ammunition Depot, Lake
Denmark, N.J., on 10 July 1926. Although he fully realized the imminence of great peril Private Kensick continued
at his post aiding his Commanding Officer.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 196901 ACE-jfb (21 October 1926)
    Born: at Dillonvale, Ohio
    Home Town: Detroit, Michigan

LEWIS, MARVIN
Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps
Naval Ammunition Depot, Lake Denmark, NJ
Date of Action: July 10, 1926
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Marvin Lewis, Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and fearless
devotion to duty on the occasion of the explosions from lightning at the Naval Ammunition Depot, Lake Denmark,
N.J., on 10 July 1926. Corporal Lewis and five other Marines at 7: 30 p.m., July 10, 1926, arrived at the Picatinny
Arsenal but were unable to escape from the vicinity of the exploding magazines because of the fact that the only
boat in sight was on the opposite side of the lake. Four of the men could not swim, therefore, Corporal Lewis
although seriously injured about the neck and head swam the lake with Private John A. Pratt and then rowed back
across the lake and assisted the remaining four men to escape with their lives.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 190525 (18 November 1926)
    Born: at Wichita, Kansas
    Home Town: St. Louis, Missouri

LITTLE, JOHN A.
Private, U.S. Marine Corps
Naval Ammunition Depot, Lake Denmark, NJ
Date of Action: July 10, 1926
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to John A. Little, Private, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and fearless
devotion to duty on the occasion of the explosions from lightning at the Naval Ammunition Depot, Lake Denmark,
N.J., on 10 July 1926. Although he fully realized the imminence of great peril, Private Little continued at his post of
duty in an endeavor to check the spread of the disaster, thereby losing his life.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 197604 ACE-jfb (21 October 1926)
    Born: at Leon, New York
    Home Town: Little Valley, New York

*MACKERT, HENRY D., JR.
Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps
Naval Ammunition Depot, Lake Denmark, NJ
Date of Action: July 10, 1926
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Henry D. Mackert, Jr., Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary
heroism and fearless devotion to duty on the occasion of the explosions from lightning at the Naval Ammunition
Depot, Lake Denmark, N.J., on 10 July 1926. Although he fully realized the imminence of great peril Private First
Class Mackert continued at his post of duty in an endeavor to check the spread of the disaster, thereby losing his life.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 184725 ACE-jfb (21 October 1926)
    Born: at Brooklyn, New York
    Home Town: Richmond Hill, Long Island, New York




                                                      Page 6
Navy Cross Awards to U.S. Marines                                               Lake Denmark Explosion

*MONROE, JOHN W.
Private, U.S. Marine Corps
Naval Ammunition Depot, Lake Denmark, NJ
Date of Action: July 10, 1926
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to John W. Monroe, Private, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and fearless
devotion to duty on the occasion of the explosions from lightning at the Naval Ammunition Depot, Lake Denmark,
N.J., on 10 July 1926. Although he fully realized the imminence of great peril, Private Monroe continued at his post
of duty in an endeavor to check the spread of the disaster, thereby losing his life.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 176369 ACE-jfb (21 October 1928)
    Born: at Stafford County, Virginia
    Home Town: Richmond, Virginia

*POWELL, ERNEST
Private, U.S. Marine Corps
Naval Ammunition Depot, Lake Denmark, NJ
Date of Action: July 10, 1926
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Ernest Powell, Private, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and fearless
devotion to duty on the occasion of the explosions from lightning at the Naval Ammunition Depot, Lake Denmark,
N.J., on 10 July 1926. Although he fully realized the imminence of great peril, Private Powell continued at his post
in an endeavor to check the spread of the disaster, thereby losing his life.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 189549 ACE-jfb (21 October 1926)
    Born: at Lee County, Kentucky
    Home Town: Hamilton, Ohio

RACHFORD, FREDERICK J.
Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps
Naval Ammunition Depot, Lake Denmark, NJ
Date of Action: July 10, 1926
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Frederick J. Rachford, Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and
fearless devotion to duty on the occasion of the explosions from lightning at the Naval Ammunition Depot, Lake
Denmark, N.J., on 10 July 1926. Although he fully realized the imminence of great peril, Corporal Rachford
continued at his post of duty in an endeavor to check the spread of the disaster, thereby losing his life.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 186577 ACE-mmd (21 October 1926)
    Born: at Xenia, Ohio
    Home Town: Xenia, Ohio

*WEBER, FRANK C.
Private, U.S. Marine Corps
Naval Ammunition Depot, Lake Denmark, NJ
Date of Action: July 10, 1926
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Frank C. Weber, Private, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and fearless
devotion to duty on the occasion of the explosions from lightning at the Naval Ammunition Depot, Lake Denmark,
N.J., on 10 July 1926. Although he fully realized the imminence of great peril, Private Weber continued at his post
of duty in an endeavor to check the spread of the disaster, thereby losing his life.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 191951 ACE-jfb (21 October 1926)
    Born: at Cleveland, Ohio
    Home Town: Cleveland, Ohio




                                                     Page 7
                     SECOND NICARAGUAN CAMPAIGN

ARCHER, PERCY F.
Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps
Brigade Quartermaster, 2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: April 19, 1929 - September 3, 1930
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Percy F. Archer, Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished service in
the line of his profession as Brigade Quartermaster, Second Brigade, U.S. Marine Corps, operating in the Republic
of Nicaragua from 19 April 1929 to 3 September 1930. During his entire service with the Second Brigade,
Lieutenant Colonel Archer loyally and efficiently carried out the policies of his superiors. By careful planning,
initiative and by his untiring energy, Lieutenant Colonel Archer overcame the difficulties presented by bad roads,
mountain trails and treacherous streams and with meager facilities for transportation available to him he maintained
the supply of the troops in the field at a maximum, thereby rendering valuable service to the Brigade Commander in
suppression of insurrection and the maintenance of friendly relations with the Nicaraguan people.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 020-1-3 ACE-jfb (17 December 1930)
    Born: at Bel Air, Maryland
    Home Town: Bel Air, Maryland

*ARCHIBALD, ROBERT J.
Captain, U.S. Marine Corps
Aircraft Squadrons, 2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: March 1927 - July 1928
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Robert J. Archibald, Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished service in the
line of his profession as an aviator attached to the Second Brigade, U.S. Marine Corps operating in the Republic of
Nicaragua from March, 1927 to July, 1928. Captain Archibald worked unceasingly under the most trying weather
conditions, keeping the material in his charge in order and operating against armed groups of bandits in the vicinity
of Nueva Segovia. He assisted and cooperated with the ground forces in every way possible, and by his acts of valor
inspired all members of the Brigade.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 021-1&3 ACE-jfb (16 July 1929)
    Born: 4/27/1892 at Wheeling, West Virginia
    Home Town: Wheeling, West Virginia

*ARON, IRVING W.
Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps
2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: December 31, 1930
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Irving W. Aron, Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism
while a member of a Marine patrol in contact with a bandit group near Achuapa, Nicaragua, on 31 December 1930.
The patrol of which he was a member, while on telephone line repair work, was attacked by a vastly superior force
of bandits, and upon the opening of the bandit fire, Private First Class Aron took up a position alongside the trail and
returned the fire. After maintaining his position for about an hour he was seriously wounded in the arm. Without
regard for his personal safety and disregarding his wound, he took up the fire with his pistol in his left hand and
continued to assist in the defense until he was killed. Private First Class Aron's conduct during this action was of the
highest order and beyond the ordinary call of duty.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 219757 ACE-jfb
    Born: at Brooklyn, New York
    Home Town: Brooklyn, New York



                                                       Page 8
Navy Cross Awards to U.S. Marines                                         Second Nicaraguan Campaign

ATKINSON, BENJAMIN W.
First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps
Headquarters Company, 2d Battalion, 11th Regiment, 2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: April 3 & 4, 1928
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Benjamin W. Atkinson, First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished
service in the line of his profession as commander of a patrol of the Headquarters Company, Second Battalion,
Eleventh Regiment, operating in the vicinity of Trinidad, Nicaragua, on April third and fourth, 1928. While engaged
in a night march upon a mission assigned to investigate reports of bandit activities in the vicinity of Trinidad, the
patrol under command of Lieutenant Atkinson, who was with the point of the patrol at the time of the attack,
maintained perfect control of his men and directed his patrol with such military ability when subjected to a surprise
night attack by a numerically superior forces as to outflank the enemy and after approximately one and one-half
hours' engagement put them to rout, thereby displaying excellent judgment, initiative, and soldierly qualities of the
highest order.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 030-1-3 ACE-vod (1 June 1932)
    Born: at Charleston, South Carolina
    Home Town: Charleston, South Carolina


BALLINGER, ERNEST F.
Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps
2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: April 3, 1928
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Ernest F. Ballinger, Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary
heroism during an engagement with a numerically superior force of armed bandits at Trinidad, Nicaragua on 3 April
1928, when a group of some thirty bandits hidden in buildings surrounding the plaza surprised the point of which he
was a member and, under cover of darkness, concentrated a heavy fire upon it. Disregarding his personal safety and
with great courage, Private First Class Ballinger voluntarily covered the advance of the point to an advantageous
firing position where he immediately directed a well-aimed fire from his automatic rifle against the bandits.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 201373-1740 ACE-jfb (9 December 1929)
    Born: at Boise, Idaho
    Home Town: San Diego, California


BEADLE, ELIAS R.
Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps
Guardia Nacional de Nicaragua
Date of Action: July 11, 1927 - March 14, 1929
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Elias R. Beadle, Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished service in
the line of his profession as Chief of the Guardia National of Nicaragua from 11 July 1927 to 14 March 1929.
During this period Lieutenant Colonel Beadle conducted the organization and training of the Guardia with marked
skill and sound judgment. The newly organized forces took part in the engagements at Cootal, Telpaneca, Zapotillal
and by their efficiency in action demonstrated that Lieutenant Colonel Beadle had successfully accomplished his
mission. He distinguished himself by his wise guidance and co-ordination of the activities of the Guardia during the
Presidential Election in November 1928.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 059-1-3 ACE-jfb (18 July 1930)
    Born: at Alexandria, Virginia
    Home Town: Hartford, Connecticut




                                                     Page 9
Navy Cross Awards to U.S. Marines                                          Second Nicaraguan Campaign

BERKELEY, RANDOLPH CARTER
Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps
11th Regiment, 2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: Spring 1927
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Randolph Carter Berkeley, Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps, for
distinguished service to the government in a duty of responsibility in command of the 11th
Regiment in Nicaragua in the Spring of 1927 and later Chief of Staff to the Commanding
General, during difficult and important pacification problems in connection with an
insurrection in that country. Largely through his zeal, tact, energy and loyalty the
successful outcome of operations in the difficult Leon and Chinandega areas was accomplished.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 089-1-3 ACZ-jfb (21 December 1927)
    Born: 1/9/1875 at Staunton, Virginia
    Home Town: Washington, Washington, D.C.
 Other Award: Medal of Honor (Vera Cruz, Mexico)

BLAKE, ROBERT
(Second Award)
Captain, U.S. Marine Corps
Commander, 2d Battalion, 11th Regiment, 2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: February 10 - June 30, 1929
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Robert Blake, Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished service in the line of
his profession while serving in the Northern Area of the Republic of Nicaragua from 10 February to 30 June 1929,
successively as Company Commander, Battalion Executive Officer, and Battalion Commander in the Eleventh
Regiment, U.S.M.C. As Company Commander and Battalion Executive Officer of the Second Battalion, he was
engaged in and led active combat patrols against bandits. During this time he distinguished himself by his personal
courage and bravery. His qualities of leadership and ability in the line of his profession were outstanding. As a
Battalion Commander, Captain Blake originated and successfully conducted important coordinated active combat
operations against bandits in Western Nueva Segovia which were of great value in the suppression of banditry in
this area.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 082-1-3 ACE-jfb (19 March 1930)
    Born: at Seattle, Washington
    Home Town: Berkeley, California
 Other Award: Navy Cross (WWI), Distinguished Service Cross (WWI)

BLEASDALE, VICTOR F.
(Second Award)
Captain, U.S. Marine Corps
Guardia Nacional de Nicaragua
Date of Action: July 25, 1927
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Victor F. Bleasdale, Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, for
extraordinary heroism, coolness and excellent judgment while performing advance guard
duty on 25 July 1927, in an important expedition into Nueva Segovia, Nicaragua, during
the progress of an insurrection in that country. As the expedition approached San
Fernando, Captain Bleasdale accompanied only by his orderly rode ahead into the town
and on being attacked, fearlessly proceeded against tremendous odds and returning the fire held the enemy in check
until the arrival of reinforcements. Largely through his prompt, courageous and effective action, serious casualties to
the personnel and train of the expedition were averted.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 085-1-3 ACE-jfb (21 December 1927)
    Born: at Matamau, Norsewood, New Zealand
    Home Town: Janesville, Wisconsin
 Other Award: Navy Cross (WWI), Distinguished Service Cross (WWI)




                                                     Page 10
Navy Cross Awards to U.S. Marines                                          Second Nicaraguan Campaign

BROWN, JULIAN P.
Captain, U.S. Marine Corps
2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: May 12 - 15, 1927
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Julian P. Brown, Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished service in the line of
his profession as a member of a special mission that was organized for the purpose of executing the plan for the
disarming of the troops of the Liberal party of the Republic of Nicaragua. The duty was satisfactorily accomplished
between the dates of 12 May to 15 May 1927, and in the face of great difficulties in the nature of troops to the
number of over two thousand being on the verge of open mutiny at the prospect of delivering their arms, open
threats against his life, and having to safeguard a large sum of government money in his safekeeping. By the
successful accomplishment of his mission, Captain Brown did much to lessen the severity of the banditry then rife in
the country.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 0114-1-3 ACE-jfb (18 July 1930)
    Born: at Belmont, Massachusetts
    Home Town: Belmont, Massachusetts


BRUCE, THOMAS C.
First Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps
5th Marine Regiment, 2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: July 16, 1927
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Thomas C. Bruce, First Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism,
coolness and excellent judgment in performance of duty on the occasion of an attack by a vastly superior force on
the Marine detachment of which he was a member at Ocotal, Nicaragua, on 16 July 1927, curing the progress of an
insurrection in that country. At the beginning of the engagement First Sergeant Bruce placed a Lewis gun in a street
swept by machine gun fire and returned the fire until the enemy gun was silenced. Repeatedly during the
engagement Sergeant Bruce displayed that high type of courage which characterizes conduct above and beyond the
call of duty, and his actions greatly contributed to the success of the small detachment in holding out against the
heaviest odds.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 157341 ACE-jfb (21 December 1927)
    Born: at Hopkinton, New York
    Home Town: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania


*BUCHANAN, RICHARD B.
Captain, U.S. Marine Corps
2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: May 16, 1927
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Richard B. Buchanan, Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in
battle when on the occasion of the engagement at Iz-Paz Centre, Nicaragua, 16 May 1927, during an insurrection in
that country, he led his platoon into the city in the face of unequal and unfavorable conditions, and taking station at
the head of the leading patrol, heedless of personal danger, directed the operations in a cool and effective manner
until he received wounds which resulted in his death.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 20125 ACE-jfb (15 November 1927)
    Born: at Carbondale, Illinois
    Home Town: Norwalk, Connecticut

*BUNN, BENNIE M.
Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps
Guardia Nacional de Nicaragua
Date of Action: December 26, 1932
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Bennie M. Bunn, Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism while a
member of a patrol of Guardia Nacional in contact with a bandit group at Punta Rieles, Nicaragua, on 26 December


                                                     Page 11
Navy Cross Awards to U.S. Marines                                          Second Nicaraguan Campaign

1932. The patrol while on a train proceeding to El Sauce was attacked by a vastly superior force of bandits. Corporal
Bunn, in command of the right flank, met an enveloping attack of the heavily reinforced bandit group, armed
himself with a Thompson sub-machine gun, and by the effectiveness of his fire, personal bravery, aggressiveness
and skillful leadership, repulsed the attack. During the entire engagement his conduct was outstanding, and beyond
the ordinary call of duty. His efficient leadership and courageous action contributed largely to the success of the
engagement.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 212871 ACE-vpd (25 May 1933)
    Born: at Charles City, Iowa
    Home Town: Charles City, Iowa
 Other Award: Distinguished Service Cross (WWII)


*BUSH, LAMBERT
Private, U.S. Marine Corps
2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: December 31, 1930
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Lambert Bush, Private, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism while a
member of a Marine patrol in contact with a bandit group near Achuapa, Nicaragua, on 31 December 1930. The
patrol of which he was a member, while on telephone line repair work, was attacked by a vastly superior force of
bandits, and upon the opening of the bandit fire, Private Bush armed with a rifle and grenade discharger, took up a
position alongside the trail and returned the fire. During the contact the patrol leader, Sergeant Palrang, was
seriously wounded. Without regard for his personal safety, Private Bush crawled over to Sergeant Palrang, and in
the face of heavy fire, rendered first aid. He returned to his position and continued to assist in the defense until
killed. Private Bush's conduct during this action was of the highest order and beyond the ordinary call of duty.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 202423 ACE-jfb
    Born: at Bay Minette, Alabama
    Home Town: Bay Minette, Alabama


BUTTRICK, JAMES T.
Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps
Commander, 5th Marine Regiment, 2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: September 25, 1929 - April 18, 1930
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to James T. Buttrick, Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished service in the line
of his profession as Commander, 5th Regiment, U.S. Marine Corps, garrisoning the Republic of Nicaragua, from 25
September 1929 to 18 April 1930. Colonel Buttrick was confronted with many perplexing problems as he assumed
command of the 5th Regiment immediately following the withdrawal of the 11th Regiment, U.S. Marine Corps,
from Nicaragua. All these problems he met with zeal and sound judgment, so disposing the force under his
command as to most effectively maintain the friendly relations existing in the more thickly populated districts where
quiet already prevailed, and at the same time conducting an active campaign against the insurrectionists who
exhibited every indication of vigorously renewing their activities against the Government of Nicaragua and the
peace, law and order, then existing in the more remote districts. By his understanding of their natures and fairness in
his dealings, Colonel Buttrick instilled in the Native Nicaraguans a confidence which was of inestimable value in
maintaining peace, also by his firmness and bold initiative in pursuing vigorously the marauding insurrection
groups, he afforded protection to the law abiding citizens in the Segovias and successfully prevented the
reorganization of any considerable insurrection force.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 0140-1-3 ACE-jfb (18 July 1930)
    Born: at Newport, Rhode Island
    Home Town: Newport, Rhode Island




                                                     Page 12
Navy Cross Awards to U.S. Marines                                        Second Nicaraguan Campaign

CARLSON, EVANS FORDYCE
(First Award)
First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps
Guardia Nacional de Nicaragua
Date of Action: May 16, 1930 - May 1, 1931
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Evans Fordyce Carlson, First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine
Corps, for extraordinary heroism while attached to the Guardia Nacional from 16 May
1930 to 1 May 1931. Upon joining the Guardia Nacional, First Lieutenant Carlson was
assigned at Jalapa in the bandit area of Nueva Segovia. On 8 July 1930, he received a
report that a group of one hundred bandits were looting the town of Portillo. He
immediately left with a detachment of sixteen men to gain contact. Four the the men deserted en route but with the
remaining twelve men he pushed on and overtook and gained contact with a group of forty bandits, completely
routing them, killing two and wounding seven, without any casualties to his detachment. Arms, ammunition,
equipment and clothing looted from the town of Portillo were recaptured. Lieutenant Carlson maintained his district
in a most excellent manner and by his activities and well-directed operations kept it singularly free from banditry.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 03613-1-3 ACK-vp (1 October 1931)
    Born: 2/26/1896 at Sidney, New York
    Home Town: Sidney, New York
 Other Award: Navy Cross w/Gold Star (WWII), 2nd Gold Star (WWII)

CHALLACOMBE, ARTHUR D.
Captain, U.S. Marine Corps
2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: May 12 - 15, 1927
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Arthur D. Challacombe, Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished service in the
line of his profession as a member of a special mission that was organized for the purpose of executing the plan for
the disarming of the troops of the Liberal party of the Republic of Nicaragua. The duty was satisfactorily
accomplished between 12 May to 18 May 1927, and in the face of great difficulties in the nature of troops to the
number of over two thousand being on the verge of open mutiny at the prospect of delivering their arms, open
threats against his life, and having to safeguard a large sum of government money in his safekeeping. By the
successful accomplishment of his mission, Captain Challacombe did much to lessen the severity of the banditry then
rife in the country.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 0157-1-3 ACE-jfb (18 July 1930)
    Born: at Medora, Illinois
    Home Town: Everett, Washington

CHAPPELL, CLARENCE J.
First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps
Aircraft Squadrons, 2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: November 6, 1927 - November 8, 1928
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Clarence J. Chappell, First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished service
in the line of his profession as an airplane pilot attached to the Aircraft Squadrons, Second Brigade, U.S.M.C.,
operating against hostile bandit forces in the Republic of Nicaragua from 6 November 1927 to 8 November 1928.
During this period First Lieutenant Chappell performed 350 hours of flying time over heavily wooded and
mountainous country occupied by bandit forces and in fair weather and foul. He made many contacts with bandit
forces and promptly and courageously returned the rifle and machine gun fire directed at him. His services in
Nicaragua were marked by the display of skill and devotion to duty of a high order.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 03872-1-3 ACE-rls (16 April 1930)
    Born: at Macon, Georgia
    Home Town: Macon, Georgia




                                                    Page 13
Navy Cross Awards to U.S. Marines                                            Second Nicaraguan Campaign

CLARK, CECIL H.
Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps
Guardia Nacional de Nicaragua
Date of Action: February 24, 1932
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Cecil H. Clark, Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished service in the line of
his profession as commander of a patrol of seventeen enlisted men of the Guardia Nacional de Nicaragua, 24
February 1932, operating in the vicinity of Caracol, Department of Leon, Nicaragua. Corporal Clark and his patrol
of seventeen men, while proceeding in formation on a densely overgrown trail, through a defile, were suddenly
attacked from three sides by a group of bandits under the bandit Jefes Salgado and Umanzor, estimated at two
hundred and fifty, armed with automatic weapons, rifles and dynamite bombs. The first burst of bandit fire killed
one Guardia and wounded two others and killed the mule upon which Clark was mounted. A dynamite bomb, which
exploded a the same time, stunned and temporarily put Clark out of action. After being revived by one of his
Guardia, Clark reorganized his patrol, placed it in the best available positions and took up the fire fight. His patrol at
this time had become completely surrounded. Clark then took a detachment of six men and personally leading them,
he using a Thompson sub-machine gun, charged up one of the flanking hills through the brush in the face of
automatic and rifle fire and drove the bandits from their key position. He reformed his patrol in the new position and
continued the fight. After two hours of fighting, and by skillful maneuvering under fire, Clark and his patrol
completely routed the bandit group and scattered elements of it in all directions, inflicting a loss of eight known
killed and many wounded while suffering themselves only two more wounded. Corporal Clark by his display of
heroism, leadership and skillful judgment turned what might have been a disaster into a brilliant success.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 214460 ACB-vpd (1 June 1932)
    Born: at Hillsdale, Michigan
    Home Town: Kalkaska, Michigan


COBB, JOHN M.
Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps
Guardia Nacional de Nicaragua
Date of Action: June 7 & August 6 & 15, 1930
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to John M. Cobb, Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished service in the line of
his profession, while commanding a Nicaraguan National Guard Patrol. Corporal John M. Cobb, U.S.M.C., on 7
June 1930, engaged and routed a superior force of about fifty armed bandits at Mancallon, killing five of them. On 6
August 1930, Corporal Cobb, acting as second in command of a patrol, contributed greatly to the complete routing
of a superior force of about forty-five armed bandits at Nance Dulce, which resulted in killing six of the enemy; on
15 August 1930 a patrol under his command routed a superior force of about twenty armed bandits at Los
Carbonales killing two and wounding four of them. By his intelligent and forceful leadership, without thought of his
personal safety or loss to his command, Corporal Cobb dealt two successive and severe blows and materially
assisted in delivering another against organized banditry in the Republic of Nicaragua.
    Born: at Albany, New York
    Home Town: Pasadena, California


DARRAH, CLYDE R.
First Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps
9th Company, Guardia Nacional de Nicaragua
Date of Action: April 11 & 12, 1931
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Clyde R. Darrah, First Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished service in the
line of his profession as commander of a patrol of the Guardia Nacional, operating in the vicinity of Moss Farm,
Nicaragua, on April 11 - 12, 1931. Having succeeded to the command of the 9th Company, Guardia Nacional de
Nicaragua, at Puerto Cabezas, Nicaragua, by the death of his commanding officer, Captain Harlen Pefley, U.S.
Marine Corps, killed in combat on 11 April 1931, First Sergeant Darrah proceeded immediately thereafter by special
train in command of a combat patrol of the Guardia Nacional de Nicaragua to Moss Farm, where he aggressively
attacked the main body of the well-armed, thoroughly organized and numerically superior bandit force, which was
then engaged in ruthlessly burning property and mercilessly killing non-combatants, in their march on Puerto


                                                      Page 14
Navy Cross Awards to U.S. Marines                                          Second Nicaraguan Campaign

Cabezas, under the personal leadership of Pedro Blandon, the Sandino-appointed jefe of the Atlantic coast bandit
expedition. After twenty-four hours of engagement with the enemy, First Sergeant Darrah so skillfully and
efficiently interposed his force between the bandit groups, on their route of march, and Puerto Cabezas, that the
threatened invasion was halted and the bandits were compelled to fall back to the north and retire to Logtown. On
the following day, 13 April 1931, First Sergeant Darrah, in an outstanding display of military leadership, courage,
coolness under fire, prompt execution of the orders of his commanding officer during combat at close quarters, and
by personally inflicting severe losses on the enemy with machine gun fire in the battle of Logtown, contributed in
the greatest degree to the complete defeat of the bandits and to the death of the notorious bandit jefe, Pedro Blandon.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 175075 ACE-jfb (17 July 1931)
    Born: at Springfield, Illinois
    Home Town: Springfield, Illinois


DAVIS, CHESTER A.
Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps
11th Regiment, 2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: March 28, 1928 - June 30, 1929
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Chester A. Davis, Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished service in the line
of his profession during continuous active service with the Guardia Nacional of the Republic of Nicaragua of the
Republic of Nicaragua and Eleventh Regiment, U.S. Marine Corps in the Northern Area of Nicaragua between 28
March 1928 and 30 June 1929. Sergeant Davis participated in and distinguished himself by his gallantry on many
combined Marine and Guardia patrols. Later, while in command of a unit of Guardia troops at San Juan de
Telpaneca which was a heavily bandit infested coffee section, he so vigorously carried on active operations against
bandits as to enable the peaceful inhabitants to harvest their coffee crop and market it without being molested.
During this period he was ambushed by a vastly superior force of bandits. By a display of extraordinary courage and
remarkable qualities of leadership he successfully led his troops in an assault on the bandit position, defeating and
routing them.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 213770 ACE-rls (16 April 1930)
    Born: at Salem, Massachusetts
    Home Town: Boston, Massachusetts


EADENS, ALVA
Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps
Service Company, 5th Marine Regiment, 2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: September 19, 1927
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Alva Eadens, Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism, coolness
under fire and excellent judgment in the performance of duty in an engagement at Telpaneca, Nicaragua, on 19
September 1927. Sergeant Eadens, as section sergeant in charge of twenty Marines of the garrison at Telpaneca on
this occasion, repeatedly exposed himself to grave danger in order to provide ammunition where needed, directed
the fire with telling effect, and by his conduct was an important factor in repulsing the attack.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 79577 ACE-jfb (9 May 1928)
    Born: at Bowling Green, Kentucky
    Home Town: Riverside, Kentucky

EDSON, MERRITT AUSTIN
(First Award)
Captain, U.S. Marine Corps
2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: August 7, 1928
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Merritt Austin Edson, Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, for
extraordinary heroism on 7 August 1928, while in command of a Marine patrol on the
Coco River, en route to Poteca. Captain Edson upon encountering a force of bandits
entrenched upon both sides of the river, personally led his advance guard against the
enemy, engaging in hand-to-hand conflict with them, and by his exhibition of coolness,

                                                     Page 15
Navy Cross Awards to U.S. Marines                                          Second Nicaraguan Campaign

intrepidity, and dash, so inspired his men that the superior force of bandits were driven from their prepared position,
and severe losses inflicted upon them.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 0257-1-3 ACE-jfb (3 December 1928)
    Born: 4/25/1897 at Rutland, Vermont
    Home Town: Burlington, Vermont
 Other Award: Medal of Honor (WWII), Navy Cross w/Gold Star (WWII)

*ELLIOTT, EDWARD E.
Private, U.S. Marine Corps
2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: December 31, 1930
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Edward E. Elliott, Private, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism while a
member of a Marine patrol in contact with a bandit group near Achuapa, Nicaragua, on 31 December 1930. The
patrol of which he was a member, while on telephone line repair work, was attacked by a vastly superior force of
bandits, and upon the opening of the bandit fire, Private Elliott, armed with a rifle, took up a position alongside the
trail and returned fire. Upon the death of another member of the patrol, who was armed with an automatic weapon,
Private Elliott, without regard for his personal safety, crawled over to his position, in the face of heavy fire,
recovered the automatic weapon and though wounded shortly thereafter, continued firing until he was killed. Private
Elliott's conduct during this action was of the highest order and beyond the ordinary call of duty.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 227463 ACE-jfb (18 April 1931)
    Born: at Des Moines, Iowa
    Home Town: Des Moines, Iowa

ERPELDING, GEORGE H.
Private, U.S. Marine Corps
2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: August 23, 1930
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to George H. Erpelding, Private, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished service in the
line of his profession as a member of a Marine patrol under fire, in contact with Nicaraguan bandits on 23 August
1930, near Ducuelite, Nicaragua. In spite of three wounds in his left hand and left arm, which he received at the
beginning of the contact, Private Erpelding promptly went into action with a Thompson sub-machine gun and
continued firing, disregarding his wounds until there was a lull in the bandits' firing. After receiving first aid he
again promptly resumed firing with his Thompson sub-machine gun, continuing in action and assisting in the pursuit
until the skirmish was entirely over.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 223901 ACE-jfb (17 December 1930)
    Born: at Kellogg, Minnesota
    Home Town: Chicago, Illinois

FLOYD, OLIVER
Major, U.S. Marine Corps
2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: July 1927
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Oliver Floyd, Major, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished service to the
Government in a duty of responsibility in organizing and commanding an important and hazardous expedition,
during an insurrection in Nicaragua in July 1927, through 300 miles of hostile territory of extremely difficult terrain
into the dangerous section of Nueva Segovia. Largely through his unusual ability, courage, judgment and excellent
leadership hostile bandit forces were successfully engaged, and law and order rapidly restored in a region rife with
banditry and disorder.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 0300-1-3 ACE-jfs (21 December 1927)
    Born: at South Perry, Ohio
    Home Town: North Hollywood, California




                                                     Page 16
Navy Cross Awards to U.S. Marines                                           Second Nicaraguan Campaign

GALE, EUGENE B.
Private, U.S. Marine Corps
Guardia Nacional de Nicaragua
Date of Action: June 6, 1930
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Eugene B. Gale, Private, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished service in the line of
his profession under fire while operating with the Guardia Nacional patrol in contact with a bandit group near
Tamarindo, Nicaragua on 6 June 1930. When the patrol opened fire it was immediately returned by the bandits from
the left-rear, left and front. The bandits were in a position on a ridge above the patrol A firing line was formed to the
left flank and the Guardia patrol moved slowly up and to the right. The movement was held up by an automatic
weapon back of a stump in front of some shacks to the right of the firing line. At this point Private Gale, armed with
a Browning Automatic Rifle, at great personal risk, crept forward and to the right until he was within thirty feet and
slightly to the right of the stump. Then, with utter disregard to his personal safety, he raised himself on one knee and
fired a burst into the bandit gunner, killing him. Private Gale's conduct during this action was of the highest order.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 217263 ACE-jfb (17 December 1930)
    Born: at Lake County, Illinois
    Home Town: Fort Wayne, Indiana

GAYER, HARRY
Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps
2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: December 7, 1928
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Harry Gayer, Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished service in the line of
his profession as the commander of a small detachment of the Second Brigade, U.S. Marine Corps, operating in the
vicinity of the Santa Rita Mountains, Nicaragua on December 7, 1928. On learning that a large bandit force had laid
an ambush for our forces, Sergeant Gayer proceeded over very rough country to the spot and disposed his men with
such acumen and strategy that the bandits were taken entirely by surprise. In the ensuing engagement his leadership,
courage and skill were of such high order that the bandits were eventually dispersed after a stubborn and well-
planned resistance. So effective were his dispositions and so skillfully was the attack executed that the bandits
suffered two killed and eight wounded in addition to losing many animals and a large supply of stores and
ammunition while there were no Marine casualties.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 197943-1740 ACE-jfb (10 December 1929)
    Born: at Newark, New Jersey
    Home Town: National City, California

GEYER, PETER C.
Captain, U.S. Marine Corps
1st Battalion, 11th Regiment, 2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: April 1, 1928 - June 30, 1929
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Peter C. Geyer, Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished service in the line of
his profession while continuously in the Northern Area from 1 April 1928 to 30 June 1929, successively as Battalion
Executive Officer, Battalion Commander, and Intelligence Officer of the Eleventh Regiment and Northern Area. As
Battalion Executive Officer under Major Rockey of the First Battalion, Eleventh Regiment, Captain Geyer was
constantly engaged in and led active combat patrols against bandits. He later commanded an independent patrol
designated to move down the Coco river, known as the Coco River Expedition. During this operation he showed the
highest qualities of courage, leadership and ability. The expedition involved the crossing of forty-seven rapids, and
he actually did succeed in crossing twenty- four rapids. The river at the time was in flood and there was hardly a
moment when members of this unit were not in jeopardy of their lives. The expedition was finally called off by
higher authority, due to a realization that Captain Geyer had been given an impossible task to perform. As Battalion
Commander, Captain Geyer originated and successfully conducted most important active combat operations against
bandits in Eastern Segovia, which unquestionably were of the greatest value in the suppression of banditry in this
area.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 0335-1-3 ACE-jfb (25 October 1930)
    Born: at Antwerp, Belgium
    Home Town: New York, New York


                                                      Page 17
Navy Cross Awards to U.S. Marines                                          Second Nicaraguan Campaign

GOULD, MOSES J.
First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps
5th Marine Regiment, 2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: December 30, 1927
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Moses J. Gould, First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism,
coolness and excellent judgment in the performance of duty in an engagement near Quilali, Nicaragua, on 30
December 1927. Although slightly wounded himself, Lieutenant Gould, upon the serious injury of his Commanding
Officer, immediately assumed command, and with great personal courage, determination and skill directed the
operations and brought the engagement to a successful conclusion.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 0347-1 ACE-jfb (9 May 1928)
    Born: at Grodna, Russia
    Home Town: Brooklyn, New York

GRAY, EARL T.
Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps
Guardia Nacional de Nicaragua
Date of Action: May 22 - 26, 1932
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Earl T. Gray, Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished service in the line of
his profession while serving as a Lieutenant (Radio) Guardia Nacional de Nicaragua, stationed at Neptune Mine,
Department of Prinzapolos during the bandit concentration and attacks against the mine from 22 May to 26 May
1932, by bandit chief Pedron Altamirano and his group of three hundred and fifty bandits. Corporal Gray assumed
command of the Guardias and armed civilians stationed at the mine and by promptly taking the offensive and
fearlessly and repeatedly seeking contact with the bandits, disorganized them and prevented them from
concentrating for a mass attack, thereby saving the mine from capture and sack. During the operations Corporal
Gray personally led several patrols out from the mine, two resulting in contacts in which hand-to-hand fighting
occurred. So skillfully and boldly did he lead these patrols that vastly superior forces, well-armed with automatic
weapons, rifles and bombs, were decisively defeated with heavy losses. The personal bravery, skillful leadership and
constant aggressiveness displayed by Corporal Gray were the direct causes for the decisive defeat and utter rout of
this superior bandit force, which suffered seventeen known killed and more than twice that number wounded with
only minor injuries to several members of his own command, and the saving of the only valuable piece of mining
property of Eastern Nicaragua.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 214651 ACE-vpd (2 November 1932)
    Born: at Indianapolis, Indiana
    Home Town: Kurtz, Indiana

GULICK, LOUIS M.
Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps
5th Marine Regiment, 2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: Spring 1927
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Louis M. Gulick, Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished service to the
Government in a duty of responsibility in command of the Fifth Regiment during difficult and important pacification
operations in connection with an insurrection in Nicaragua in the Spring of 1927. Largely due to his zeal, loyalty and
ability the successful outcome of these operations was assured.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 0264-1-3 ACE-jfb (21 December 1927)
    Born: at Italy Home Town: Washington, Washington, D.C.

GUYMON, VERNON M.
First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps
Aircraft Squadrons, 2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: December 31, 1927 - May 26, 1929
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Vernon M. Guymon, First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished service
in the line of his profession as an airplane pilot attached to the Aircraft Squadrons, Second Brigade, U.S.M.C.,
operating against hostile bandits in the Republic of Nicaragua from 31 December 1927 to 26 May 1929. During this


                                                     Page 18
Navy Cross Awards to U.S. Marines                                             Second Nicaraguan Campaign

period First Lieutenant Guymon performed 1021 hours of flying time over heavily wooded and mountainous
country in fair weather and foul for the purpose of bringing supplies to and removing the sick and wounded from
distant and isolated outposts. When contact was made with bandit forces that occupied this part of the country he
displayed commendable courage and zeal in promptly and effectively returning their fire.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 02472-1-3 ACE-rls (16 April 1930)
    Born: at Rexburg, Idaho
    Home Town: Murray, Utah

HAKALA, EDWIN U.
First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps
Guardia Nacional de Nicaragua
Date of Action: December 11, 1928 - June 30, 1929
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Edwin U. Hakala, First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary
achievement, zeal untiring and most successful efforts during active service in the Northern Area of the Republic of
Nicaragua from 11 December 1928 until 30 June 1929. In command of a combined Marine and Nicaraguan
Voluntario combat patrol First Lieutenant Hakala had many successful contact with the bandits, during which he
distinguished himself by his gallantry. His courage and ability are exceptional and his operations against bandits
were of great value in the suppression of banditry in this area.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 02477-1-3 ACE-jfb (19 March 1930)
    Born: at Calumet, Michigan
    Home Town: Detroit, Michigan

HAMAS, JOHN
Gunnery Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps
Guardia Nacional de Nicaragua
Date of Action: April 23 - 26, 1932
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to John Hamas, Gunnery Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished service in the
line of his profession as commander of Guardia patrols operating from 23 to 26 April 1932, in the vicinity of
Guambuco Mountain near the border between Nicaragua and Honduras. On April 23, 1932, gunnery Sergeant
Hamas, in command of a patrol of four officers and forty enlisted men, attacked a bandit group of one hundred
under leader Carlos Salgado in an entrenched position. Gunnery Sergeant Hamas personally led the assault which
resulted in the bandits being driven from their position, with a loss of two killed and several wounded, and the
capture of a large amount of food supplies, equipment, correspondence and ammunition. Hamas quickly reorganized
his new position and, during the following few hours, successfully repulsed three determined counter-attacks by the
bandits. On 26 April 1932, Gunnery Sergeant Hamas, in command of a patrol of five officers and forty-five enlisted
men, again greatly outnumbered, personally led his patrol in assault against what is believed to have been the main
camp and entrenched stronghold of the bandit leader Sandino, which at the time was manned by a force of
approximately two hundred and fifty bandits lead by Sandino in person. Throughout the ensuing three hour fight,
Hamas, with utter disregard for his personal safety, directed the fire fight of the entire firing line, and by his courage,
leadership and sound tactical judgment, enabled his patrol to capture the stronghold, together with quantities of food
supplies, clothing and ammunition, and to inflict casualties of ten killed and twenty-one wounded upon the bandits,
with the loss of but one wounded.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 178999 ACE-ees (29 July 1932)
    Born: at Czechoslovakia Home Town: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

HANNEKEN, HERMAN HENRY
(Second Award)
First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps
Guardia Nacional de Nicaragua
Date of Action: December 11, 1928 - June 30, 1929
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Herman Henry Hanneken, First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine
Corps, for extraordinary achievement, zeal untiring and most successful efforts during
active service in the Northern Area of the Republic of Nicaragua from 11 December 1928
until 30 June 1929. In command of a combined Marine and Nicaraguan Voluntario combat


                                                       Page 19
Navy Cross Awards to U.S. Marines                                          Second Nicaraguan Campaign

patrol First Lieutenant Hanneken had many successful contacts with the bandits during which he distinguished
himself by his gallantry. His courage and ability are exceptional and his operations against bandits were of great
value in the suppression of banditry in this area.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 0392-1-3 ACE-jfb (19 March 1930)
    Born: 6/23/1893 at St. Louis, Missouri
    Home Town: St. Louis, Missouri
 Other Award: Medal of Honor (1st Haitian), Navy Cross (1st Haitian)

*HARBAUGH, JOSEPH A.
Private, U.S. Marine Corps
2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: December 31, 1930
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Joseph A. Harbaugh, Private, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism while a
member of a Marine patrol in contact with a bandit group near Achuapa, Nicaragua, on 31 December 1930. the
patrol of which Private Harbaugh was a member, while on telephone line repair work, was attacked by a vastly
superior force of bandits, and upon the opening of the bandit fire, Private Harbaugh took up a position alongside the
trail and returned fire. He was wounded seriously during the course of the action, but without regard for his personal
safety and in spite of his wounds he continued to operate his automatic weapon to the best of his ability until he was
killed. Private Harbaugh's conduct during this action was of the highest order and beyond the ordinary call of duty.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 227822 ACE-jfb (18 April 1931)
    Born: at Washington County, Pennsylvania
    Home Town: Oil City, Pennsylvania

HATFIELD, GILBERT D.
Captain, U.S. Marine Corps
5th Marine Regiment, 2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: July 16, 1927
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Gilbert D. Hatfield, Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism above
and beyond the call of duty combined with coolness and excellent judgment during an attack by a superior force
upon the detachment of which he was in command at Ocotal, Nicaragua, on 16 July 1927, during the progress of an
insurrection in that country. Largely due to his heroism, skill and ability, Captain Hatfield's small command
succeeded in holding out against the heaviest odds.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 0411-1-3 ACE-jfb (21 December 1927)
    Born: at Monero, New Mexico
    Home Town: Aztec, New Mexico

HOLMES, MAURICE G.
Captain, U.S. Marine Corps
Guardia Nacional de Nicaragua
Date of Action: December 6, 1928
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Maurice G. Holmes, Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary bravery,
coolness and leadership on 6 December 1928, while in command of a small force of Marines engaged in a patrol in
the vicinity of Cujelita, Nicaragua. The patrol was attacked by a well-armed force of bandits when it was about to
halt for breakfast and although the patrol was completely surrounded and outnumbered four-to-one, Captain
Holmes, by his leadership, courage and skill, so conducted the engagement and so inspired the men of his command
that the bandits were dispersed after a stubborn and well-planned resistance.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 0441 (10 May 1929)
    Born: at Chesterville, Mississippi
    Home Town: Pontatoc, Mississippi




                                                     Page 20
Navy Cross Awards to U.S. Marines                                         Second Nicaraguan Campaign

*HUNTER, ROBERT S.
Captain, U.S. Marine Corps
2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: May 14, 1928
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Robert S. Hunter, Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in battle
when on the occasion of an engagement with armed bandits in the vicinity of Pena Blanca, Nicaragua, 14 May 1928,
Captain Hunter carried a machine gun forward to a position from which to deliver an accurate and active fire on the
enemy. Although receiving wounds at this time which later resulted in his death, Captain Hunter continued in the
fight to the last, displaying the type of grit, determination and courage which characterizes conduct above and
beyond the call of duty.
    Born: at Langley, Kansas
    Home Town: Carneiro, Kansas


HUTCHERSON, MACK
Private, U.S. Marine Corps
2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: December 31, 1930
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Mack Hutcherson, Private, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished service in the line
of his profession under fire while a member of a Marine patrol in contact with a bandit group near Achuapa,
Nicaragua on 31 December 1930. the patrol, while on telephone line repair work, was attacked by a vastly superior
force of bandits and upon the opening of the bandit fire Private Hutcherson, armed with a Browning Automatic
Rifle, took up a position alongside the trail and returned the fire. During the course of the action he was severely
wounded in the shoulder, which rendered him unable to support the weight of the Browning. Another member of the
patrol gave him a Sub-Thompson. Without regard for his personal safety and in spite of his wounds, Private
Hutcherson continued to operate his piece throughout the engagement which lasted for about two and a half hours.
His conduct during this action was of the highest order and beyond the ordinary call of duty.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 224125 ACE-jfb
    Born: at Zwolle, Louisiana
    Home Town: Shreveport, Louisiana



JACK, SAMUEL S.
Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps
Aircraft Squadrons, 2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: April 12 & 13, 1931
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Samuel S. Jack, Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished service in
the line of his profession as aviator while attached to the Second Marine Brigade operating in the Republic of
Nicaragua. On 12 April 1931, Lieutenant Jack in the face of machine gun and rifle fire from bandits, located and
most effectively bombed a bandit camp near Moss Farm, Nicaragua. On 13 April 1931, he assisted in effecting a
crossing of the Snaki Bridge by ground patrol and thereafter located a bandit camp at Logtown; this information he
delivered to the ground patrol which he guided to the scene, meanwhile, at great personal risk, effectively harassing
the enemy and pinning him to the ground with machine gun fire until arrival of the patrol. The ensuing engagement
resulted in the death of the notorious Sandino jefe, Pedro Blandon, on of the most brilliant successes in the
Nicaraguan campaign.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 04252-1-3 ACE-vpd (1 June 1932)
    Born: at Flagstaff, Arizona
    Home Town: Glendale, Arizona




                                                    Page 21
Navy Cross Awards to U.S. Marines                                         Second Nicaraguan Campaign

JACKSON, FRANK A.
Private, U.S. Marine Corps
2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: December 31, 1930
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Frank A. Jackson, Private, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished service in the line of
his profession under fire while a member of a Marine patrol in contact with a bandit group near Achuapa, Nicaragua,
on 31 December 1930. The patrol, while on telephone line repair work, was attacked by a vastly superior force of
bandits, and upon the opening of the bandit fire Private Jackson took up a position alongside the trail and returned
the fire. He was wounded twice during the course of the action, but without regard for his personal safety and in
spite of his wounds, he continued to operate his piece throughout the engagement which lasted for about two and a
half hours. His conduct during this action was of the highest order and beyond the ordinary call of duty.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 228213 ACE-jfb
    Born: at Norcross, Georgia
    Home Town: Lawrenceville, Georgia


*JACKSON, MARVIN A.
Private, U.S. Marine Corps
2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: May 16, 1927
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Marvin A. Jackson, Private, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in battle
when on the occasion of the engagement at Iz-Paz Centre, Nicaragua, 16 May 1927, during an insurrection in that
country, Private Jackson advanced with other members of his patrol in the face of most unequal and unfavorable
conditions and, heedless of great personal danger, fought in a cool and effective manner until he received wounds
which resulted in his death.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 201478 ACE-jfb (15 November 1927)
    Born: at Jacksonville, Florida
    Home Town: Chicago, Illinois


KEIMLING, HERBERT S.
First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps
5th Marine Regiment, 2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: September 19, 1927
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Herbert S. Keimling, First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary
heroism, coolness and excellent judgment in the performance of duty in an engagement at Telpaneca, Nicaragua, on
19 September 1927, and again by his conspicuous gallantry during subsequent engagements at Matanaza, La Cruz
and Laguna. Lieutenant Keimling throughout displayed that high type of courage and skill which characterizes
conduct above and beyond the call of duty.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 0498-1 ACE-jfb (9 May 1928)
    Born: at New York, New York
    Home Town: New York, New York


KERNS, PAUL
Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps
5th Marine Regiment, 2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: November 9 - 15, 1930
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Paul Kerns, Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for
extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession while attached to the Guardia Nacional
de Nicaragua, for assuming command of a Guardia patrol engaged in an attack on a vastly
superior force of bandits under Israel Peralta. When the Patrol Commander was mortally
wounded and one enlisted Guardia wounded, Sergeant Kerns skillfully and courageously


                                                    Page 22
Navy Cross Awards to U.S. Marines                                         Second Nicaraguan Campaign

continued the attack till nightfall, forcing the bandits to withdraw. In an unknown tropical jungle, out of
communication with Department or Area Headquarters, far beyond the reach of any supporting troops, without food
and but little ammunition, he remained with his wounded comrade for twenty-four hours making heroic efforts to
prolong the life of his Commanding Officer until the arrival of professional medical aid. The patrol was without
food for three days when relief was received in the form of an aeroplane drop of food and medicine. The action of
Sergeant Kerns in continuing the combat to a victorious conclusion against vastly superior forces saved the day for
the Guardia, wiped out the stigma of the loss of Matiguas and had a lasting effect on the morale of the Guardia and
the civil population of the Central Area. His action in remaining in a dangerous situation in the hope of saving the
life of his Commanding Officer and caring for and carrying back the Guardia Corporal are in keeping with the
highest traditions of the Marine Corps.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 149722 ACE-vp (2 December 1931)
    Born: 1/10/1901 at Curwensville, Pennsylvania
    Home Town: St. Ignatius, Montana


KILCOURSE, THOMAS J.
First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps
5th Marine Regiment, 2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: December 30, 1927
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Thomas J. Kilcourse, First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary
heroism, coolness and excellent judgment in the performance of duty in an engagement near Quilali, Nicaragua on
30 December 1927. Lieutenant Kilcourse, by his great personal courage, skill and high quality of leadership
contributed largely to the success of his detachment in this engagement.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: (9 May 1928)
    Born: at New York, New York
    Home Town: Washington, Washington, D.C.


*KOSIERADZKI, FRANK
Private, U.S. Marine Corps
2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: December 31, 1930
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Frank Kosieradzki, Private, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished service in the line
of his profession under fire while a member of a Marine patrol in contact with a bandit group near Achuapa,
Nicaragua, on 31 December 1930. The patrol, while on telephone line repair work, was attacked by a vastly superior
force of bandits, and upon the opening of the bandit fire, Private Kosieradzki took up a position alongside the trail
and returned the fire with his automatic weapon. Although wounded severely after the action had been under way
for about half an hour, without regard for his personal safety, Private Kosieradzki continued to operate his piece
until he was killed. Private Kosieradzki's conduct during the engagement was of the highest order and beyond the
ordinary call of duty.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 223688 ACE-jfb
    Born: at Buffalo, New York
    Home Town: Buffalo, New York


LARSEN, HENRY L.
(Second Award)
Major, U.S. Marine Corps
Brigade Inspector, 2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: April 1, 1928 - March 26, 1929
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Henry L. Larsen, Major, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished service in the line of
his profession as Brigade Inspector, Second Brigade, U.S. Marine Corps, in Nicaragua from 1 April 1928 to 26
March 1929. Major Larsen's duties in upbuilding and maintaining the morale of the forces, then engaged in a most
difficult mission, were performed in a highly distinguished manner, always displaying zeal, activity, thorough



                                                    Page 23
Navy Cross Awards to U.S. Marines                                         Second Nicaraguan Campaign

understanding and discretion. His successful performance of these duties contributed greatly to the accomplishment
of the mission of the naval forces engaged in the pacification of Nicaragua.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 0540-1-3 ACE-jfb (14 April 1931)
    Born: at Chicago, Illinois
    Home Town: Littleton, Colorado
 Other Award: Navy Cross (WWI)

LEE, WILLIAM A.
(First Award)
Gunnery Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps
Guardia Nacional de Nicaragua
Date of Action: March 20 - August 19, 1930
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to William A. Lee, Gunnery Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for
distinguished service in the line of his profession as second in command of Nicaraguan
National guard Patrols. Gunnery Sergeant William A. Lee, U.S.M.C., participated in six
successive engagements against superior numbers of armed bandit forces; namely, at
Monte Cristo on 20 March 1930, at Buena Vista on 27 March 1930, at Los Cedros on 6
June 1930, at Moncotal on 22 July 1930, at Guapinol on 25 July 1930, and at Malacate on 19 August 1930, with the
result that the enemy in each engagement was completely routed with total losses of ten killed and many wounded.
By his loyalty and obedience in carrying out intelligently and forcefully the plans and instructions of his superiors
without thought of his own personal safety, by extreme physical exertion, suffering many hardships, Sergeant Lee
assisted in surmounting all obstacles in inflicting six successive and severe defeats upon organized bandit forces in
the Republic of Nicaragua.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 0240-3-118214 ACE-jfb (17 November 1930)
    Born: at Ward Hill, Massachusetts
    Home Town: Ward Hill, Massachusetts
 Other Award: Navy Cross w/Gold Star (2nd Nicaragua), 2nd Gold Star (2nd Nicaragua)

LEE, WILLIAM A.
(Second Award)
Gunnery Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps
Guardia Nacional de Nicaragua
Date of Action: December 11 - 20, 1930
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to William A. Lee, Gunnery Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished service in
the line of his profession while in command of a Guardia patrol from 11 December to 20 December 1930. Gunnery
Sergeant Lee displayed great courage and skill as a leader conducting his patrol through hostile country, defeating
the bandits in three successive contacts; San Juan, 12 December 1930; Sierra Moreno, 15 December 1930; and
Embocaderos, 20 December 1930; twice successfully attacking superior numbers. By their persistence and
indomitable courage and skillful leadership of Sergeant Lee, the Guardia broke the morale of the bandits forcing the
dispersal of the bandit groups and the abandonment of a foray into the coffee districts south of the Tuma River.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 118214 ACE-jfb (18 April 1931)
    Born: at Ward Hill, Massachusetts
    Home Town: Ward Hill, Massachusetts
 Other Award: Navy Cross (2nd Nicaragua), Navy Cross w/2nd Gold Star (2nd Nicaragua)

LEE, WILLIAM A.
(Third Award)
Gunnery Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps
Guardia Nacional de Nicaragua
Date of Action: September 20 - October 1, 1932
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to William A. Lee, Gunnery Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in
the line of his profession and devotion to duty while Second in Command of a Guardia patrol from 20 September to
1 October 1932. This patrol of two officers and forty men penetrated one hundred miles north and east of Jinotega
City, Department of Jinotega, Nicaragua, into isolated, mountainous bandit territory with no means of
communication and no base nearer than Jinotega City. On 26 September 1932, the patrol was ambushed northeast of

                                                    Page 24
Navy Cross Awards to U.S. Marines                                          Second Nicaraguan Campaign

Kilande Mountain by an insurgent group of over one hundred and fifty, armed with not less than seven automatic
weapons, grenades, bombs, various classes of small arms, and plentifully supplied with ammunition. Gunnery
Sergeant Lee was wounded twice and became unconscious in the early stages of combat. After a period of from
fifteen to twenty minutes he recovered consciousness, and in spite of his weakened condition, with disregard of his
personal safety, he moved the Lewis Machine Gun to a better fire position, used it with destructive effect, resumed
his duties as Second in Command, and went forward in the final attack on the enemy position. The additional fire
power of the Lewis Machine Gun from its new position as well as the leadership and example set by Gunnery
Sergeant Lee were largely instrumental in gaining a signal victory over the enemy.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 118214 ACE-vpd (20 March 1933)
    Born: at Ward Hill, Massachusetts
    Home Town: Ward Hill, Massachusetts
 Other Award: Navy Cross (2nd Nicaragua), Navy Cross w/Gold Star (2nd Nicaragua)

LESTER, HERBERT DEE
Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps
5th Marine Regiment, 2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: December 30, 1927
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Herbert Dee Lester, Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary
heroism, coolness and excellent judgment in the performance of duty in an engagement near Quilali, Nicaragua, on
30 December 1927. Private Lester on this occasion conducted an ammunition mule to the front bearing ammunition
for the advance guard, and in spite of a devastating hostile fire, unloaded the mule, set up a machine gun, and coolly
and courageously directed his fire to the utmost advantage.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 202090 ACE-jfb (9 May 1928)
    Born: at Rose Hill, Kentucky
    Home Town: Rose Hill, Kentucky

LETCHER, JOHN S.
Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps
2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: December 10, 1928
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to John S. Letcher, Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished service in
the line of his profession as the commander of a patrol of the Second Brigade, U.S. Marine Corps, operating in the
vicinity of Palacaguina, Nicaragua, on December 10, 1928. After his patrol had been ambushed by bandit forces and
his horse had been shot from under him by machine gun fire, Second Lieutenant Letcher immediately deployed his
patrol and launched a vigorous attack against the bandit machine gun emplacement. So well was the attack executed
the position was quickly taken and the bandits dispersed. By his aggressiveness and excellent leadership and by his
display of bravery and coolness, Second Lieutenant Letcher terminated what might have resulted in a protracted
engagement.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 04282-1-3 1740 ACE-rls (7 December 1929)
    Born: at Lexington, Virginia
    Home Town: Lexington, Virginia

LITZ, RICHARD J.
Private, U.S. Marine Corps
2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: December 31, 1930
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Richard J. Litz, Private, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism while a
member of a Marine patrol in contact with a bandit group near Achuapa, Nicaragua, on 31 December 1930. The
patrol of which he was a member, while on telephone line repair work, was attacked by a vastly superior force of
bandits, and upon the opening of the bandit fire, Private Litz armed with a Sub- Thompson machine gun took up a
position alongside the trail and returned fire. During the course of the action, another member of the patrol armed
with a Browning Automatic Rifle was severely wounded in the shoulder and unable to support the weight of the
Browning. Private Litz, seeing his condition, moved over to him in the face of heavy fire and exchanged places. He



                                                     Page 25
Navy Cross Awards to U.S. Marines                                           Second Nicaraguan Campaign

then continued firing with the Browning until he was killed. Private Litz's conduct during this action was of the
highest order and beyond the ordinary call of duty.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 225146 ACE-jfb
    Born: at Smithville, Indiana
    Home Town: Indianapolis, Indiana

LIVINGSTON, RICHARD
Captain, U.S. Marine Corps
5th Marine Regiment, 2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: December 30, 1927
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Richard Livingston, Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism,
coolness, and excellent judgment in the performance of duty as Commanding Officer of an expedition out of
Matagalpa, Nicaragua, in an engagement near Quilali on 30 December 1927. Although severely wounded in the
early stages of the fighting Captain Livingston directed his command with great courage, coolness and skill until his
injuries finally forced his retirement.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 0564 ACE-jfb (9 May 1928)
    Born: at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
    Home Town: Palo Alto, California

MACNULTY, WILLIAM K.
Captain, U.S. Marine Corps
57th Company, 2d Battalion, 11th Regiment, 2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: February 27, 1928
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to William K. MacNulty, Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished service in the
line of his profession as commander of a patrol of the 57th Company, 2d Battalion, 11th Regiment, operating in the
vicinity of Bromoderos, Nicaragua, on 27 February 1928. Captain MacNulty, while on a mission assigned by his
Battalion Commander, upon receiving word that a platoon of the 57th Company had been ambushed by a
numerically superior force, immediately upon his own initiative proceeded to the scene, made a night march over
unknown, most difficult terrain, in a bandit-infested area. Upon arrival at the spot, Captain MacNulty disposed his
patrol with such military ability and strategy as to successfully defeat and put to rout the bandit force, thereby saving
the lives of the remaining few of the beleaguered patrol, which were at that time greatly outnumbered.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 0587-1-3 ACE-fjb (18 July 1930)
    Born: at Antrim, Pennsylvania
    Home Town: Willsboro, Pennsylvania

*MCCARTY, JOSEPH A.
Private, U.S. Marine Corps
2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: December 31, 1930
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Joseph A. McCarty, Private, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished service in the line
of his profession under fire while a member of a Marine patrol in contact with a bandit group near Achuapa,
Nicaragua, on 31 December 1930. The patrol, while on telephone line repair work, was attacked by a vastly superior
force of bandits, and Private McCarty, who was riding in an exposed position in the point, was wounded by the first
burst of fire. Without regard for his personal safety and in spite of his wound, he continued to assist in the defense
until he was killed. Private McCarty's conduct during this action was of the highest order and beyond the ordinary
call of duty.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 212829 ACE-jfb (14 April 1931)
    Born: at Chillicothe, Missouri
    Home Town: Kansas City, Missouri




                                                      Page 26
Navy Cross Awards to U.S. Marines                                          Second Nicaraguan Campaign

*MCGHEE, WILLIAM E.
First Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps
Guardia Nacional de Nicaragua
Date of Action: June 15, 1931
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to William E. McGhee, First Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism
as second in command of a patrol of the Guardia Nacional de Nicaragua in contact with a bandit group at
Embarcaderos, Nicaragua on 15 June 1931. When attacked by a vastly superior force, First Sergeant McGhee seized
a Thompson sub-machine gun and opened fire on the bandits, continuing to operate the gun until he fell mortally
wounded and died shortly after. After Sergeant McGhee was wounded and until he died he encouraged his men to
carry on and fight and kept praising and urging them on to greater efforts. By his splendid example of devotion to
duty, loyalty and heroism the Guardia continued shooting it out with the bandit group, inflicting severe losses of
killed and wounded until the Guardia's ammunition was completely exhausted.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 212357-1-3 ACE-vp (1 October 1931)
    Born: at Chattanooga, Tennessee
    Home Town: Chattanooga, Tennessee

MCHENRY, GEORGE W.
(First Award)
First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps
Headquarters Company, 2d Battalion, 11th Regiment, 2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: February 1, 1928 - May 6, 1929
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to George W. McHenry, First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished service
in the line of his profession while serving as Battalion Adjutant and Commanding Officer, Headquarters Company,
Second Battalion, Eleventh Regiment, United States Marine corps, operating in the Northern Area of Nicaragua,
from about 1 February 1928 to 6 May 1929, a period of approximately sixteen months. Lieutenant McHenry during
this period performed his many duties so efficiently, so cheerfully and with the display of such high military
qualities as to materially aid in the efficient conduct of operations and the maintenance of a high state of morale
among the officers and men. Lieutenant McHenry, while in command of a section of a combined patrol operating in
the vicinity of Maylote, Nicaragua, participated on 27 August 1928 in two successful engagements with the bandit
group under the leader known as Ortez. This patrol through the determination, perseverance, and leadership of its
officers and after a night march and in an exhausted condition, when fired upon from ambush at about 0500, so
maneuvered as to outflank the enemy and put him to rout. In vigorously following up the pursuit of the bandit group,
the patrol was again ambushed at about 2012 the same day with heavy machine gun fire, rifle fire and bombs. Once
more through successful leadership, the display of excellent judgment, initiative, unusual professional ability and
soldierly qualities of the highest order, the bandit force was driven from its position. As a result of these
engagements, a great amount of bandit supplies and equipment was captured, a bandit supply depot destroyed, and
the suppression of banditry along the western and Honduran borders materially aided.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 0631-1-3 ACE-vpd (1 June 1932)
    Born: at Dana, Illinois
    Home Town: Shelbina, Missouri
 Other Award: Navy Cross w/Gold Star (WWII)

MEADE, JAMES J.
Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps
Leon Detachment (Landing Forces), 2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: Spring 1927
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to James J. Meade, Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished service to
the Government in a duty of responsibility in command of the Leon detachment of the landing forces in Nicaragua
in the Spring of 1927, during the progress of an insurrection in that country. Largely through his excellent judgment,
tact, patience and ability, order was restored in this area without conflict for bloodshed.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 0644 ACE-jfb (15 November 1927)
    Born: at Massachusetts Home Town: Washington, Washington, D.C.




                                                     Page 27
Navy Cross Awards to U.S. Marines                                          Second Nicaraguan Campaign

MOORE, EDWARD B.
Captain, U.S. Marine Corps
11th Regiment, 2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: January 16, 1928 - March 21, 1930
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Edward B. Moore, Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished service in the line
of his profession in successfully filling several important duties from 16 January 1928, to 21 March 1930. In
February 1928, Captain Moore marched a train of 185 bull carts carrying badly needed supplies for the 11th
Regiment from Leon to Condega, through territory infested with bandits and under adverse conditions of weather
and road. From September 1928 to March 1929, as Brigade Commissary Officer and as executive assistant to the
Brigade Quartermaster his attention to the many details incident to these offices and his initiative and good judgment
under difficult conditions contributed materially to the efficient functioning of the Quartermaster organization of the
2nd Brigade, U.S. Marine Corps, in Nicaragua. During the period from March 1929 to October 1929, as aide to the
President of Nicaragua he rendered valuable help in his skillful and tactful handling of many problems arising
between the Moncada Government and the Marine forces and in the maintenance of friendly relations with the
Nicaraguan people. From 1 November 1929 to 18 December 1930, as Brigade Adjutant and from 19 December 1929
to 21 March 1930, as Brigade Intelligence Officer he has performed the duties pertaining to these important
assignments win a highly satisfactory manner, displaying zeal, tact and sound judgment on all occasions.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 0681-1-3 ACE-jfb (18 July 1930)
    Born: at Middlepoint, Ohio
    Home Town: Los Angeles, California

MOSIER, MELVIN
Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps
2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: August 7, 1928
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Melvin Mosier, Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism, skill and
bravery while commanding a flank patrol on the Coco River near Ililihuas, Nicaragua, on 7 August 1928, in bringing
his patrol, under fire, through almost impassable brush to join in an engagement then being fought with bandits. And
later, when bringing up the boat transportation of the Coco Patrol to rejoin the main body, the leading boat in which
he was stationed, came under hostile fire, and, although seriously wounded, he directed the fire of shore troops
against the enemy position so successfully as to cause their withdrawal. His coolness and personal conduct were
inspiring to his entire command.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 157109-1740 ACE-fjb (5 February 1929)
    Born: at Brownville, Nebraska
    Home Town: Bradford, Massachusetts

O'DAY, EDWARD F.
First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps
2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: April 30, 1928
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Edward F. O'Day, First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished service in
the line of his profession as commander of a patrol of the Second Brigade, U.S. Marine Corps, operating in the
province of Nueva Segovia, Nicaragua on April 30, 1928. Upon receipt of information that bandits were located in a
house in the vicinity of the town of Quibuto, Lieutenant O'Day proceeded immediately from Dairali with his patrol
and due to his promptness, the skillful conduct of the approach march and by his initiative, coolness and sound
judgment completely surprised the bandits so that, after a short skirmish, the bandits fled leaving behind two dead,
forearms and supplies.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 70375-0723 ACE-fjb (10 December 1929)
    Born: at Manchester, New Hampshire
    Home Town: Manchester, New Hampshire




                                                     Page 28
Navy Cross Awards to U.S. Marines                                          Second Nicaraguan Campaign

O'SHEA, GEORGE J.
First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps
2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: October 9, 1927
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to George J. O'Shea, First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism,
coolness and excellent judgment in the performance of duty in command of a small patrol on the occasion of an
engagement at Sapotillal, Nicaragua, on 9 October 1927. although attacked by a vastly superior force while engaged
in the hazardous task of searching for two missing aviators in close proximity to a bandit stronghold, Lieutenant
O'Shea, by his skill and personal bravery successfully repulsed the attack and withdrew his column in good order.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: (9 May 1928)
    Born: at Brooklyn, New York
    Home Town: Brooklyn, New York

*PALRANG, ARTHUR M.
Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps
2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: December 31, 1930
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Arthur M. Palrang, Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism while in
charge of a Marine patrol in contact with a bandit group near Achuapa, Nicaragua, on 31 December 1930. Sergeant
Palrang's patrol of ten men, on telephone line repair work, was attacked by a vastly superior force, and upon the
opening of the bandit fire, the members of the patrol took up positions alongside the trail, and under direction of
Sergeant Palrang, immediately returned the fire. By his coolness in the face of great odds, he steadied the fire of his
patrol, and continued a well-directed and energetic defense for about a half an hour, when one of the bombs, which
were being freely used by the bandits, was thrown into the group in his immediate vicinity. Sergeant Palrang
shouted a warning, and at the same instant, without thought for his personal safety, picked up the bomb and
attempted to hurl it away from the group.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 166205 ACE-jfb (15 April 1931)
    Born: at Boston, Massachusetts
    Home Town: Fort Lyon, Colorado

PASCHAL, ARCHIE
Master Technical Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps
Aircraft Squadrons, 2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua), East Coast Expeditionary Force
Date of Action: 1929 - 1930
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Archie Paschal, Master Technical Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished
service in the line of his profession as an airplane pilot attached to the 2d Brigade, U.S. Marine Corps, operating in
the Republic of Nicaragua. During 1040 hours of flying over mountainous and partly unexplored jungle, Sergeant
Paschal displayed great courage and skill in attacks on hostile bandit forces, and in flights through dangerous
weather for the purpose of locating and supporting ground patrols. During this service he carried, without mishap,
approximately 1700 passengers and 840,000 pounds of freight over terrain where a forced landing would, almost
inevitably, have resulted in fatalities.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 169886 ACE-jfb (4 February 1930)
    Born: at Glendon, North Carolina
    Home Town: Searight, Alabama

PIERCE, FRANCIS E.
Captain, U.S. Marine Corps
Aircraft Squadrons, 2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: March 19, 1928
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Francis E. Pierce, Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism and
coolness under fire while acting as observer in the leading plane of an air patrol during an engagement with outlaws
in the vicinity of Murra, Nicaragua, on 19 March 1928. Although painfully wounded early in the fight Captain



                                                     Page 29
Navy Cross Awards to U.S. Marines                                          Second Nicaraguan Campaign

Pierce with great courage and determination kept his gun in action with telling effect until due to loss of blood, he
was removed from the plane in a fainting condition at the nearest emergency flying field.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 0765-1-3 ACE-rls (24 July 1928)
    Born: at Rochester, New York
    Home Town: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

PIERCE, HAROLD C.
Major, U.S. Marine Corps
2d Battalion, 11th Regiment, 2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: January 31, 1928 - April 5, 1929
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Harold C. Pierce, Major, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished service in the line of
his profession as Commanding Officer of the Second Battalion, 11th Regiment, U.S. Marine Corps, operating in the
Northern Area of the Republic of Nicaragua, from 31 January 1928 to 5 April 1929. Major Pierce displayed great
zeal, initiative and sound judgment in his active combat operations against bandits in Western Segovia, during
which he personally took the field many times, materially assisting in the suppression of banditry in Nuevo Segovia.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 0766-1-3 ACE-jfb (19 March 1930)
    Born: at Charlestown, Massachusetts
    Home Town: Lexington, Massachusetts

PIPER, EARL S.
Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps
2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: May 13, 1928
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Earl S. Piper, Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished service in the
line of his profession as acting commander of a patrol of the Second Brigade, U.S. Marine Corps, during an
engagement with bandits at Pena Blanca, Nicaragua on May 13, 1928. During an attack by bandits, and after the
commanding officer, the late Captain Robert S. Hunter, U.S. Marine Corps, had been mortally wounded, Second
Lieutenant Piper assumed the command of the force and by his display of bravery, coolness and leadership so
conducted the engagement that the attacks of the numerically superior and well armed bandit force were repulsed.
The bandits finally were dispersed and driven off.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 04260-1-3 1740 ACE-rls (December 7, 1929)
    Born: at New London, Mississippi
    Home Town: New London, Mississippi

*POWER, LESTER E.
First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps
Guardia Nacional de Nicaragua
Date of Action: June 15, 1931
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Lester E. Power, First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism
while in command of a patrol of the Guardia Nacional de Nicaragua, on 15 June 1931. When attacked by vastly
superior forces, Lieutenant Power placed his patrol in position to successfully defend itself until its ammunition was
exhausted, and after being seriously wounded while attempting to relieve a stoppage in a Browning Automatic Rifle,
he continued to encourage the Guardia until he was killed by a burst of machine gun fire. Spurred on by Lieutenant
Power's sterling, soldierly qualitation, the Guardia patrol kept up a terrific return of the bandits' fire, inflicting
considerable damage to them, including seven dead, until the guardia's ammunition was completely exhausted.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 078013 ACE-vp (1 October 1931)
    Born: at Calistoga, California
    Home Town: Calistoga, California




                                                     Page 30
Navy Cross Awards to U.S. Marines                                          Second Nicaraguan Campaign

PULLER, LEWIS B.
(First Award)
First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps
Guardia Nacional de Nicaragua
Date of Action: February 16 - August 19, 1930
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Lewis B. Puller, First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for
distinguished service in the line of his professional while commanding a Nicaraguan
National Guard patrol. First Lieutenant Lewis B. Puller, United States Marine Corps,
successfully led his forces into five successful engagements against superior numbers of
armed bandit forces; namely, at LaVirgen on 16 February 1930, at Los Cedros on 6 June
1930, at Moncotal on 22 July 1930, at Guapinol on 25 July 1930, and at Malacate on 19 August 1930, with the result
that the bandits were in each engagement completely routed with losses of nine killed and many wounded. By his
intelligent and forceful leadership without thought of his own personal safety, by great physical exertion and by
suffering many hardships, Lieutenant Puller surmounted all obstacles and dealt five successive and severe blows
against organized banditry in the Republic of Nicaragua.
    Born: 6/26/1898 at West Point, Virginia
    Home Town: Saluda, Virginia
 Other Award: Navy Cross w/Gold Star (2nd Nicaragua), 2nd and 3d Gold Star (WWII), 4th Gold Star (Korea),
     Distinguished Service Cross (Korea)

PULLER, LEWIS B.
(Second Award)
First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps
Guardia Nacional de Nicaragua
Date of Action: September 20 - October 1, 1932
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Lewis B. Puller, First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for exceptionally meritorious
service in a duty of great responsibility while in command of a Guardia Patrol from 20 September to 1 October
1932. Lieutenant Puller and his command of forty Guardia and Gunnery Sergeant William A. Lee, United States
Marine Corps, serving as a First Lieutenant in the Guardia, penetrated the isolated mountainous bandit territory for a
distance of from eighty to one hundred miles north of Jinotega, his nearest base. This patrol was ambushed on 26
September 1932, at a point northeast of Mount Kilambe by an insurgent force of one hundred fifty in a well-
prepared position armed with not less than seven automatic weapons and various classes of small arms and well-
supplied with ammunition. Early in the combat, Gunnery Sergeant Lee, the Second in Command was seriously
wounded and reported as dead. The Guardia immediately behind Lieutenant Puller in the point was killed by the first
burst of fire. Lieutenant Puller, with great courage, coolness and display of military judgment, so directed the fire
and movement of his men that the enemy were driven first from the high ground on the right of his position, and
then by a flanking movement forced from the high ground to the left and finally were scattered in confusion with a
loss of ten killed and many wounded by the persistent and well-directed attack of the patrol. The numerous
casualties suffered by the enemy and the Guardia losses of two killed and four wounded are indicative of the
severity of the enemy resistance. This signal victory in jungle country, with no lines of communication and a
hundred miles from any supporting force, was largely due to the indomitable courage and persistence of the patrol
commander. Returning with the wounded to Jinotega, the patrol was ambushed twice by superior forces on 30
September. On both of the occasions the enemy was dispersed with severe losses.
    Born: 6/26/1898 at West Point, Virginia
    Home Town: Saluda, Virginia
 Other Award: Navy Cross, 2nd and 3rd Gold Star (WWII), 4th Gold Star (Korea), Distinguished Service Cross
     (Korea)

RICHAL, MERON A,.
First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps
2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: January 1, 1928
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Meron A,. Richal, First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism,
coolness, and excellent judgment in the performance of duty in command of a Marine patrol in an engagement at


                                                     Page 31
Navy Cross Awards to U.S. Marines                                           Second Nicaraguan Campaign

Las Cruces, Nicaragua, on 1 January 1928. When attacked on this occasion by a vastly superior force, Lieutenant
Richal rushed to the advance guard position through a devastating fire, and although shot through the eye in the
early stages of the fighting made a heroic effort to direct the fire and action of his command until forcefully taken to
the rear where he collapsed.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 0823-1 ACE-fjb (9 May 1928)
    Born: at Dallas, Wisconsin
    Home Town: Seattle, Washington


RIDDERHOF, STANLEY F.
First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps
1st Battalion, 11th Regiment, 2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: April 1, 1928 - June 30, 1929
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Stanley F. Ridderhof, First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished service
in the line of his profession during continuous active service in the Northern area of Nicaragua from 1 April 1928
until 30 June 1929. First Lieutenant Ridderhof participated in and led many combat patrols that had numerous
engagements with bandits during which he distinguished himself by his gallantry. On one occasion he led his patrol
deep into unexplored territory, capturing and destroying an enemy supply dump containing food and clothing
sufficient for one hundred men for one year, thereby inflicting heavy material damages on the bandits. As operations
officer of the First Battalion, Eleventh Regiment and later as Adjutant of said regiment, he distinguished himself by
his active, continuous and willing service. His display of the qualities of leadership and efficiency in administrative
and executive duties were exceptional.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 0827-1-3 ACE-jfb (10 December 1929)
    Born: at Minneapolis, Minnesota
    Home Town: Los Angeles, California


ROBERTS, HAROLD C.
(Second Award)
Captain, U.S. Marine Corps
2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: September 4 - November 10, 1928
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Harold C. Roberts, Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, for
distinguished service in the line of his profession while acting as second in command of
the Coco River Expedition in Nuevo Segovia, Nicaragua, between 4 September 1928 and
10 November 1928. Captain Roberts displayed great fortitude and marked ability as a
leader in surmounting the countless obstacles which constantly jeopardized the lives and
limbs of every member of the command and thereby materially assisted in successfully surmounting twenty-four
extremely difficult and dangerous rapids.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 03825-1-3 ACE-jfb (27 October 1930)
    Born: at Buffalo, New York
    Home Town: Buffalo, New York
 Other Award: Navy Cross (WWI), Navy Cross w/2nd Gold Star (WWII)


ROCKEY, KELLER EMRICK
(Second Award)
Major, U.S. Marine Corps
1st Battalion, 11th Regiment, 2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: January 19 - November 11, 1928
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Keller Emrick Rockey, Major, U.S. Marine Corps, for
distinguished service in the line of his profession as Commanding Officer, First Battalion,
Eleventh Regiment, Second Brigade, U.S. Marine Corps, operating in the Northern Area of
Nicaragua from January 19, 1928 to November 11, 1928. Major Rockey displayed great
zeal, initiative and sound judgment in planning and leading many combat patrols against


                                                      Page 32
Navy Cross Awards to U.S. Marines                                        Second Nicaraguan Campaign

the numerous and active bandit groups infesting the practically unexplored area. His courage, ability and good
judgment contributed largely to the successful suppression of banditry in the province of Nuevo Segovia and in the
northern area.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 0338-1-3 ACE-fjb (11 December 1929)
    Born: 9/22/1888 at Columbia City, Indiana
    Home Town: Stone Harbor, New Jersey
 Other Award: Navy Cross (WWI), Distinguished Service Cross (WWI)

ROOS, OTTO N.
Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps
5th Marine Regiment, 2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: December 30, 1927
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Otto N. Roos, Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism, coolness and
excellent judgment in the performance of duty in charge of the advance guard of a small Marine expedition in an
engagement near Quilali, Nicaragua, on 30 December 1927. Sergeant Roos, although surprised by a devastating
hostile fire, coolly and judiciously stationed his men to the best advantage, and by his courage and high quality of
leadership contributed largely to the success of his detachment in this engagement.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: (9 May 1928)
    Born: at Copenhagen, Denmark
    Home Town: Washington, Washington, D.C.

ROSSELL, JOSEPH A.
Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps
11th Regiment, 2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: August - November, 1928
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Joseph A. Rossell, Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished service
in the line of his profession throughout seventeen months of continuous service in the Northern Area of Nicaragua
as Regimental Executive, Eleventh Regiment, U.S. Marine Corps, and Northern Area Executive, during which
period he planned and executed various combat missions against bandits at a time when the Area Commander was
absent. For having, during the period that he served as Executive, shown particular ability in August 1928, on a
repatriation board during which he successfully induced many Nicaraguans to return to their homes from Honduras,
and for acting as a member of a commission of reconstruction which did much to restore the confidence of natives
of Nicaragua in the good intention of the Nicaraguan Government and the American Government to maintain an
effective, just government in the Northern Area. Lieutenant Colonel Rossell displayed great efficiency in
performance of his duty connected with the presidential elections in Nicaragua on November 4, 1928.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 0847-1-3 ACE-jfb (10 December 1929)
    Born: at Elkton, Maryland
    Home Town: Wilmington, Delaware

SALZMAN, ELMER H.
Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps
2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: September 28, 1928
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Elmer H. Salzman, Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished service
in the line of his profession as commander of a patrol of the Second Brigade, U.S. Marine Corps, operating in the
vicinity of Zapote, Nueva Segovia, Nicaragua on September 28, 1928. Second Lieutenant Salzman's command
surprised a greatly superior bandit force under the command of General Salgado by a well planned attack on its rear
which resulted in the rout of the bandits. The arrival of the Force of Second Lieutenant Salzman was particularly
fortuitous as the bandits had another small patrol of Marines at a great disadvantage and it appeared that they must
inevitably suffer a disastrous defeat. Although the bandits outnumbered the combined patrols more than two-to-one,
Second Lieutenant Salzman displayed such courage, skill and leadership in conducting the engagement that the
bandits were decisively defeated and the beleaguered patrol rescued from its perilous position.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 04074-1-3 1740 ACE-rls (7 December 1929)
    Born: at Manitowoo, Wisconsin
    Home Town: Kiel, Wisconsin


                                                    Page 33
Navy Cross Awards to U.S. Marines                                        Second Nicaraguan Campaign

SCHMIDT, HARRY
Major, U.S. Marine Corps
2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: February 5, 1928 - June 6, 1929
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Harry Schmidt, Major, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished service in the line of his
profession as Brigade Intelligence Officer, Second Brigade, U.S. Marine Crops, and in charge of civil relations
between the Brigade and the Nicaraguan Government, from February 5 to December 9, 1928, and as Brigade
Operations Officer from December 10, 1928 until June 6, 1929. during this entire time the Second Brigade operated
in the Republic of Nicaragua for the purpose of protecting life and property and in restoring law and order to the
strife-torn country. Despite great obstacles in the way of its successful accomplishment, Major Schmidt built up an
effective intelligence service, the work of which was of the greatest value to the Brigade in the planning and
execution of its operations. As operations officer his advice to the Brigade Commander as to military operations was
marked by initiative, sound judgment and a thorough knowledge of tactics. His performance of duty as Civil
Relations Officer was of a high order.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 0865-1-3 ACE-fjb (11 December 1929)
    Born: at Holdrege, Nebraska
    Home Town: Stapleton, Nebraska

SCHONEBERGER, RUSSELL
Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps
2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: August 7, 1928
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Russell Schoneberger, Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism on 7
August 1928 in performing a particularly dangerous mission which separated him from his command. Sergeant
Schoneberger was left under cover near Ililihuas, Nicaragua for the purpose of effecting the capture of a civilian
prisoner after the main body had moved on in order to obtain information of bandit activities. An hour after the
departure of the main body he heard the firing which occurred when the Coco Patrol made contact with a group of
bandits, whereupon he immediately moved to rejoin the First Platoon of which he was the leader and came under
hostile fire resulting in his being wounded. His cheerfulness and coolness of mind was an example to the entire
command.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 204886 1740 ACE-jfb (5 February 1929)
    Born: at Marietta, Ohio
    Home Town: New York, New York

SHEPARD, MILLARD T.
Gunnery Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps
Aircraft Squadrons, 2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: December 4, 1927 - March 25, 1929
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Millard T. Shepard, Gunnery Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished service
in the line of his profession from 4 December 1927 to 25 March 1929 as an airplane pilot attached to the Second
Brigade, U.S. Marine Corps operating in Nicaragua. During this period Gunnery Sergeant Millard T. Shepard, U.S.
Marine Corps piloted many different types of airplanes engaged in transporting passengers, including sick,
wounded, civilians and prisoners, and freight. Flights were made daily over rugged, mountainous and dense tropical
jungle country where a forced landing meant almost certain death and often through heavy tropical storms, Gunnery
Sergeant Shepard displayed marked skill, ability and devotion to duty as a pilot under the most trying and hazardous
conditions as a result of which all of his flights were successfully completed without accident.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 155405 ACE-rls (26 June 1929)
    Born: at Cleveland, Ohio
    Home Town: Lorain, Ohio




                                                    Page 34
Navy Cross Awards to U.S. Marines                                         Second Nicaraguan Campaign

SIMMONS, ORVILLE B.
Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps
Aircraft Squadrons, 2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: July 22, 1931
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Orville B. Simmons, Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished service in the
line of his profession as an aviator attached to Aircraft Squadrons, Second Marine Brigade, operating in the
Republic of Nicaragua. On 22 July 1931, while acting as observer in an aerial patrol on the Coco River in the
vicinity of Saclin, Sergeant Simmons (then a Corporal) displayed such coolness, aggressiveness, and accuracy in the
handling of a Thompson sub-machine gun against a large group of bandits and against heavy machine gun fire from
the ground, during which time his plane was hit at least sixteen times, that several bandits were killed and the
machine guns silenced. After his plane had been forced down only a few miles from the site of the combat, Sergeant
Simmons, by his willing co-operation, cheerful attitude and resourcefulness under the most discouraging
circumstances, greatly aided the pilot of his plane in the march back to Puerto Cabezas over almost impassable
terrain, in which five over-flowing rivers and approximately ten miles of swamp had to be traversed. Sergeant
Simmons' conduct in the action at Saclin assisted materially the military operations then in progress in Northeastern
Nicaragua and contributed to a later successful occupation of Saclin by Guardia patrols
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 210203 ACE-vp (21 March 1932)
    Born: at Hamilton, Ohio
    Home Town: Hamilton, Ohio

SIMON, ALLEN E.
Major, U.S. Marine Corps
5th Marine Regiment, 2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: June 10, 1929 - April 11, 1930
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Allen E. Simon, Major, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished service in the line of
his profession as Commanding Officer, 3d Battalion, 5th Regiment, 2d Brigade, U.S. Marine Corps, operating in the
Natagalpa-Jinctega district of Nicaragua from 10 June 1929 to 11 April 1930. Major Simon exhibited great zeal,
initiative and sound judgment in planning and leading combat patrols against the many and active insurrection
groups operating in this highly productive coffee area. Through his knowledge of the terrain, continuous active
patrolling, and untiring efforts, Major Simon has afforded the maximum protection to the coffee plantations which
are largely owned by foreigners, and has made possible the successful harvesting of the present coffee crop in that
district. His courage, ability, and good judgment have contributed in a great degree toward the suppression of
insurrection in the Matagalpa-Jinotega district.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 0897-1-3 ACE-jfb (18 July 1930)
    Born: at Hopewell Borough, Pennsylvania
    Home Town: Saxton, Pennsylvania

SMITH, GEORGE C., JR.
Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps
Guardia Nacional de Nicaragua
Date of Action: May 13, July 5, & August 6, 1930
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to George C. Smith, Jr., Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished service in the
line of his profession while commanding a Nicaraguan National Guard Patrol. Corporal George C. Smith, Jr.,
U.S.M.C., on 13 May 1930, engaged and routed a superior force of about twenty-five armed bandits on Mira Flor
Mountains, killing six of them; on 5 July 1930 he ambushed and routed a superior force of about seventy-five armed
bandits at El Brasil, killing ten; on 6 August 1930 he engaged and routed a superior force of about forty-five armed
bandits at Nance Dulce, killing six. By his intelligent and forceful leadership without loss to his command, Corporal
Smith dealt three successive and severe blows against organized banditry in the Republic of Nicaragua.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 211437 2140-3 ACE-jfb (17 November 1930)
    Born: at Jersey City, New Jersey
    Home Town: Teaneck, New Jersey




                                                    Page 35
Navy Cross Awards to U.S. Marines                                          Second Nicaraguan Campaign

SMITH, JULIAN C.
Major, U.S. Marine Corps
Chief of Staff, Guardia Nacional de Nicaragua
Date of Action: October 1930 - January 2, 1933
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Julian C. Smith, Major, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished service in the line of
his profession, as Area Commander, Central Area, and Chief of Staff of the Guardia Nacional de Nicaragua, from
October 1930 to January 2, 1933. Major Smith, as Area Commander, Central Area, Guardia Nacional de Nicaragua,
with headquarters at Jonotaga, from October 1930 to April 1932, personally directed the operations of his Guardia
against the armed bandit forces operating under capable leaders in the difficult terrain of the Central Area with such
aggressiveness and tactical skill as to bring to successful conclusions some sixty contacts with the enemy, driving
them from the settled portions of the Area. In addition he bore the responsibility of the organization and
administration of his Area under martial law, which involved constant dealings with the general public, and which
commanded a highly developed sense of justice and the highest qualities of leadership. The spirit of understanding
and cooperation displayed by him in his relations with native and foreign inhabitants, to further the interests of
harmony between civil and military officials, was exceptional, and his general conduct of affairs pertaining to the
efficient administration of his Area was all that could be desired. As Chief of Staff of the Guardia Nacional de
Nicaragua, from May 1932 to the date of the evacuation, a period of active military operations, he rendered
exceptionally distinguished and outstanding service, particularly in the preparation and execution of plans for the
orderly turnover of the Guardia Nacional to the control of Nicaraguan officers, for the fulfillment of the Guardia
mission of preserving law and order and public confidence during the electoral period of 1932 making possible the
successful conduct of the national election under American supervision, and for the successful evacuation of the
American personnel of the Guardia from their posts in the interior of a hostile country.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 0919-1-3 1240-Z ACG-sez (19 August 1933)
    Born: at Cecil County, Maryland
    Home Town: Elkton, Maryland


*STENGLE, MEYER
Private, U.S. Marine Corps
2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: August 7, 1928
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Meyer Stengle, Private, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in battle when
on the occasion of an engagement with armed bandits in the vicinity of Ililihuas, Nicaragua, 7 August 1928, he, well
knowing the extreme danger involved, voluntarily acted as a connecting unit between two separate Marine patrols at
the time under extremely heavy enemy fire and as a result received wounds which later resulted in his death.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 209916 (28 September 1928)
    Born: at Hartford, Connecticut
    Home Town: Hartford, Connecticut


STOCKES, GEORGE F.
Captain, U.S. Marine Corps
2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: September 28, 1928
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to George F. Stockes, Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished service in the line
of his profession as commander of a patrol of the Second Brigade, U.S. Marine Corps, operating in the vicinity of
Zapote, Nueva Segovia, Nicaragua on September 28, 1928. At 1: 30 a.m. Captain Stockes, learning that a
numerically superior force of bandits under the leadership of General Salgado were about to attack his town,
immediately proceeded to the scene with his patrol and by the prompt and judicious use of his resources quickly
broke up the threatened attack. The same day he conducted his patrol over difficult terrain and launched a vigorous
attack against the bandit forces, then occupying a well-prepared position. So well did Captain Stockes make his
dispositions and so sharply did his patrol launch and drive home the attack that the bandits were routed after
suffering heavy losses. Later he planned and conducted an advance along the border from Rio Negro to Los Manos
which forced the bandit groups of Ortez and Salgado to seek shelter in Honduras with their consequent


                                                     Page 36
Navy Cross Awards to U.S. Marines                                          Second Nicaraguan Campaign

disintegration and disappearance. In all of these operations Captain Stockes distinguished himself by the display of
excellent judgment and initiative and extraordinary bravery, coolness and leadership.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 0950-1-3 ACE-jfb (10 December 1929)
    Born: at Point of Rocks, Maryland
    Home Town: Point of Rocks, Maryland

THATCHER, MILES R.
Major, U.S. Marine Corps
Operations Officer, 2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: July 11, 1929 - April 18, 1930
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Miles R. Thatcher, Major, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished service in the line of
his profession as Brigade Operations Officer, 2d Brigade, U.S. Marine Corps, from 11 July 1929 to 18 April 1930.
during this period the 2d Brigade operated in Nicaragua for the purpose of protecting life and property, restoring law
and order, and ridding the country of marauding bands of insurrectos. By his careful studies of the methods
employed by the insurrectos, and by his sound planning of offensive operations against them, Major Thatcher
rendered assistance to the Brigade Commander which was of great value in planning and executing the military
operations of the Brigade.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 0980-1-3 ACE-fjb (18 July 1930)
    Born: at Fort Niobrare, Nebraska
    Home Town: Germantown, Pennsylvania

*TORO, RAFEL
Private, U.S. Marine Corps
Guardia Nacional de Nicaragua
Date of Action: July 25, 1927
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Rafel Toro, Private, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in battle when on
the occasion of an engagement at San Fernando, Nicaragua, 25 July 1927, during an insurrection in that country,
while performing advance guard duty in an important expedition into Nueva Segovia, Private Toro, accompanying
his commanding officer, rode ahead into the town and on being attacked, fearlessly proceeded against tremendous
odds, returning the fire, and at the risk of his own life materially assisted in holding the enemy in check until the
arrival of reinforcements. Although receiving wounds at this time, which later resulted in his death, Private Toro
continued in the fight to the last displaying that type of grit, determination and courage which characterizes conduct
above and beyond the call of duty.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 205227 ACE-jfb (21 December 1927)
    Born: at Humacao, Puerto Rico
    Home Town: Humacao, Puerto Rico

TURNER, CHARLES E.
Private, U.S. Marine Corps
Headquarters Company, 5th Marine Regiment, 2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: December 30, 1927
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Charles E. Turner, Private, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism, coolness
and excellent judgment in the performance of duty as a member of the advanced guard of a small Marine expedition
in an engagement near Quilali, Nicaragua, on 30 December 1927. Although seriously wounded in the early stages of
the fighting, Private Turner soon regained consciousness, crawled to a point of vantage, and continued to fire until
he fainted from pain and lost of blood.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 204286 ACE-jfb (9 May 1928)
    Born: at Bedford, Indiana
    Home Town: Terre Haute, Indiana




                                                     Page 37
Navy Cross Awards to U.S. Marines                                          Second Nicaraguan Campaign

WALRAVEN, JOHN G.
First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps
2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: December 1, 1928
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to John G. Walraven, First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished service in
the line of his profession as commander of a patrol composed of men from the Second Brigade, U.S. Marine Corps,
and from the Guardia Nacional of the Republic of Nicaragua operating in the vicinity of San Juan de Telpaneca,
Province of Nueva Segovia, Nicaragua, on December 1, 1929. First Lieutenant John G. Walraven on making contact
with a bandit group displayed such bravery, coolness and excellent leadership that the bandits were soon dispersed.
In this engagement several bandits were killed while no casualties were suffered by the Marine and Guardia force.
Throughout his sixteen months of service in Nicaragua he has, at all times, distinguished himself by his
extraordinary courage and sound judgment in his many contacts with bandit forces.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 03837-1-3 ACE-jfb (10 December 1929)
    Born: at Costello, Pennsylvania
    Home Town: Charlestown, West Virginia

*WHITE, RUSSELL
Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps
Guardia Nacional de Nicaragua
Date of Action: November 7 - 9, 1930
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Russell White, Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism in the line of
his profession while attached to the Guardia Nacional de Nicaragua and in command of a patrol of one officer and
fifteen enlisted Guardia. With his patrol and on his own initiative, from 7 November to 9 November 1930, Sergeant
White pursued over jungle trails in unknown country, a group estimated to contain two hundred bandits which had
defeated the Guardia garrison of Matiguas, driven it there from and looted the town. Without a reserve supply of
ammunition or food, while out of communication with Area or Department Headquarters and far beyond the reach
of possible support or assistance, he attacked and defeated the bandit group with heavy loss. While leading the
attack Sergeant White fell mortally wounded at the head of his men. The effect of the relentless pursuit, bold attack
and decisive defeat of this group of bandits, in addition to avenging the capture of Matiguas, had a lasting effect on
the morale of the Guardia and of the civil population of the Central Area.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 173202 ACE-vp (4 December 1931)
    Born: at Bridgeport, Connecticut
    Home Town: Toledo, Ohio

*WILLIAMS, CHARLES
Gunnery Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps
Guardia Nacional de Nicaragua
Date of Action: December 6, 1928
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Charles Williams, Gunnery Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary courage,
skill and devotion to duty on 6 December 1928 in the vicinity of Cujelita, Nicaragua, while acting as the Second in
Command of a body of Marines that was outnumbered four-to-one and was being attacked by a well-armed and
skillfully-lead force of bandits. Throughout the engagement Sergeant Williams moved constantly from point to point
to steady the firing line in the face of heavy rifle and occasional machine gun fire with the utmost bravery and with
total disregard to his personal safety. When an attack from the rear suddenly developed he was ordered to take a
small party to combat it to protect the main body. Without the slightest hesitation and in full realization of the
danger of his mission, he led his party safely over a ridge that was swept by the bandit frontal fire to face the newly
developed fire from the rear. Sergeant Williams successfully dispersed the attack but was fatally struck by rifle fire.
Just as the courage, fearlessness and high sense of duty of Sergeant Williams were an inspiration to his men on this
occasion, so shall his memory continue to serve them and the United States Marine Corps in their times of trial.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 161750 ACE-jfb (10 May 1929)
    Born: at Monett, Missouri
    Home Town: Monnett, Missouri




                                                     Page 38
Navy Cross Awards to U.S. Marines                                         Second Nicaraguan Campaign

WILLIAMS, GREGON A.
First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps
Guardia Nacional de Nicaragua
Date of Action: October 3 & 13 & November 11, 1931
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Gregon A. Williams, First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished service
in the line of his profession as commander of patrols of Guardia Nacional operating in the District of Bogoto,
Nicaragua. First Lieutenant Grogon A. Williams, U.S. Marine Corps, successfully led his forces into three
engagements against superior numbers of armed bandit forces; namely, on 3 October 1931 an attack against a bandit
group of forty entrenched positions, on 13 October 1931 near Zepote Mountain and near Los Casas on 11 November
1931. His display of courage and leadership enabled his patrol to completely rout superior bandit groups with loss of
lives and ammunition, without suffering casualties themselves.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 03813-1-3 ACE-vpd (1 June 1932)
    Born: at Carrollton, Illinois
    Home Town: San Diego, California

WOOD, JOHN C.
Captain, U.S. Marine Corps
2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: April 11 - 13, 1931
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to John C. Wood, Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished service in the line of
his profession during the period 11 - 13 April 1931, during operations against organized banditry in the vicinity of
Logtown and Puerto Cabezas, Nicaragua. Having been directed by the Area Commander on 11 April 1931 to
proceed immediately to Puerto Cabezas, Nicaragua, to take over the command of the Department of Northern
Bluefields as relief for the late Captain Harlen Pefley, U.S. Marine Corps, killed in combat the same day, Captain
Wood arrived in Puerto Cabezas at about 2: 00 p.m. 12 April and, after endeavoring to reassure a panic-stricken
town alarmed by rumors of bandit attacks, proceeded at 3: 00 a.m., 13 April, on a special train with four enlisted
men of the Guardia Nacional out 120 kilometers of railroad known to be infested with active groups of armed
outlaws, to the relief of a Guardia patrol under First Sergeant Clyde R. Darrah, U.S. Marine Corps, which had been
engaged in combat for the previous twenty-four hours. Taking personal command of the combined patrol, Captain
Wood at 7: 00 a.m., 13 April, proceeded by train to Snaki Bridge where he was forced to abandon his train,
marched his patrol nine miles along the railroad to Logtown where, ably assisted by two Marine Corps planes
equipped with bombs and machine guns, he vigorously attacked a large group of bandits under the command of the
jefe, Pedro Blandon, which attack, characterized by the prompt, efficient and vigorous use of the force and weapons
at his disposal, resulted in the deaths of Blandon and at least twenty of his men and completely dispersed the other
outlaws from the scene of the action. In this operation Captain Wood within forty-eight hours of his departure from
Bluefields two hundred miles away, destroyed the band of bandits that had ambushed and killed Captain Pefley two
days before, killed its notoriously vicious and cruel leader, saved the lives of many persons who were endangered by
the presence of the bandit group, relieved the threat against the town of Puerto Cabezas, which was the declared goal
of the outlaws and inflicted a loss upon organized banditry in Nicaragua which had a most discouraging effect upon
the general offensive then being launched against the East Coast of Nicaragua. This remarkable engagement was
successfully conducted with the casualty of but one enlisted Guardia wounded. During the entire battle Captain
Wood distinguished himself by the display of extraordinary bravery, coolness, and leadership and by exceptional
judgment, initiative and military ability.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 01080-1-3 ACE-jfb (17 July 1931)
    Born: at Milbank, South Dakota
    Home Town: Santa Cruz, California

YELANICH, ANTHONY G.
Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps
2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: August 7, 1928
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Anthony G. Yelanich, Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary
heroism, courage and coolness in the performance of duty as a runner during an engagement fought with bandits in
the vicinity of Ililihuas, Nicaragua, on 7 August 1928. While delivering a message, Private First Class Yelanich

                                                    Page 39
Navy Cross Awards to U.S. Marines                                         Second Nicaraguan Campaign

found himself between two bandits who were rushing him from each side. After killing one of them and putting the
other to rout, he then proceeded to complete his mission. During passage from one end of the skirmish line to the
other, and although under rifle and machine gun fire throughout the entire action, he never failed to deliver the
messages entrusted to him.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 210257 1740 ACE-jfb (5 February 1929)
    Born: at Fayette City, Pennsylvania
    Home Town: Fayette City, Pennsylvania

YOUNG, JOHN S. E.
First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps
Aircraft Squadrons, 2d Marine Brigade (Nicaragua),
Date of Action: April 12 & 13, 1931
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to John S. E. Young, First Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished service in
the line of his profession as aviator while attached to the Second Marine Brigade operating in the Republic of
Nicaragua. On 12 April 1931, Lieutenant Young in the face of machine gun and rifle fire from bandits located and
most effectively bombed a bandit camp near Moss Farm, Nicaragua. On 13 April 19331, he assisted in effecting a
crossing of the Snaki Bridge by a ground patrol and thereafter located a bandit camp at Logtown; this information he
delivered to the ground patrol which he guided to the scene, meanwhile, at great personal risk, effectively harassing
the enemy and pinning him to the ground with machine gun fire until arrival of the patrol. The ensuing engagement
resulted in the death of the notorious Sandino jefe, Pedro Blandon, one of the most brilliant successes in the
Nicaraguan campaign.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 04088 (1 June 1932)
    Born: at Henderson, North Carolina
    Home Town: Ocean Grove, New Jersey




                                                    Page 40
                                   BYRD EXPEDITIONS

BUBIER, KENNARD F.
Gunnery Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps
Byrd Antarctic Expeditionary Team (1)
Date of Action: 1928 - 1930
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Kennard F. Bubier, Gunnery Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps,
for distinguished service in the line of his profession as one of the leading aviation
mechanics of the Byrd Antarctic Expedition. Gunnery Sergeant Bubier through efficiency,
exceptional skill, zeal and energy in preparation for the many flights under the most trying
conditions, contributed greatly to the success of the expedition.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 187419 ACE-jfb (25 October 1930)
    Born: 10/18/1902 at Providence, Rhode Island
    Home Town: Providence, Rhode Island

CARBONE, ALPHONSE
Mess Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps
Byrd Antarctic Expeditionary Team (II)
Date of Action: 1933 - 1935
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Alphonse Carbone, Mess Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished service in
the line of his profession with the Byrd Antarctic Expedition II, 1933 - 35. Through his efficient and conscientious
performance of duty, Sergeant Carbone contributed greatly to the success of the Expedition.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 208153 ACE-ees (7 May 1936)
    Born: at Cambridge, Massachusetts
    Home Town: Cambridge, Massachusetts

CZEGKA, VICTOR H.
(First Award)
Master Technical Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps
Byrd Antarctic Expeditionary Team (1)
Date of Action: 1928 - 1930
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Victor H. Czegka, Master Technical Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguished
service in the line of his profession as machinist of the Byrd Antarctic Expedition. Through the exceptional skill,
zeal and energy of Master Technical Sergeant Czegka in preparatory work, in preparing and modifying scientific
instruments, in constructing stoves, snowmobile and in other tasks, he contributed to the success of the expedition.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 37980 ACE-jfb (25 October 1930)
    Born: 5/21/1880 at Hluchow, Austria
    Home Town: Clifton, New Jersey
 Other Award: Navy Cross w/Gold Star (2nd Byrd Expedition)

CZEGKA, VICTOR HUGO
(Second Award)
Master Technical Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps
Byrd Antarctic Expeditionary Team (II)
Date of Action: 1933 - 1935
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Victor Hugo Czegka, Master Technical Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps, for
distinguished service in the line of his profession as General Manager and Supply Officer for the Byrd Antarctic

                                                     Page 41
Navy Cross Awards to U.S. Marines                                                         Byrd Expeditions

Expedition II, 1933 - 35. Sergeant Czegka's conscientious, loyal and indefatigable performance of duty contributed
greatly to the success of the Expedition.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 04613 ACE-ees (7 May 1936)
    Born: 5/21/1880 at Hluchow, Austria
    Home Town: Clifton, New Jersey
 Other Award: Navy Cross (1st Byrd Expedition)




                                                   Page 42
                                  INTERIM 1930 - 1942

*BASKIN, THOMAS A.
Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps
Date of Action: October 12, 1941
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Thomas A. Baskin, Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary
heroism in the line of his profession while on guard duty in the restricted magazine area of the Naval Air Station,
Sitka, Alaska, on October 12, 1941. Private First Class Baskin detected a fire in the dynamite stowage consisting of
two wooden buildings in which were stowed great quantities of dynamite and caps. Fully aware of the great personal
danger to which he was exposed, he remained at his post of duty and continued his efforts to extinguish the fire. In
the explosion resulting from the fire, he lost his life. Private First Class Baskin's actions on this occasion
characterizes conduct far above and beyond the ordinary call of duty and in keeping with the best traditions of the
Naval Services.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 298792 AW-vpd-lar (15 January 1942)
    Born: at Murfreesboro, Tennessee
    Home Town: Murfreesboro, Tennessee

BRANDON, JOSEPH L.
Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps
Date of Action: October 20, 1941
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Joseph L. Brandon, Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary
heroism in the line of his profession displayed on the occasion of the crashing and burning of the airplane SB2 U-3
on the night of October 20, 1941. Second Lieutenant William W. Dean, U.S. Marine Corps Reserve with Private
First Class Brandon as gunner and passenger, took off on a routine night flight and crashed shortly after. Lieutenant
Dean was knocked unconscious. The plane immediately burst into flames and burned. Private Brandon, although
severely burned, extricated himself from the rear cockpit and without regard for his own safety went back into the
flames and freed Lieutenant Dean from the wreckage before the gasoline tanks blew up. Private Brandon's action on
this occasion was above and beyond the call of duty and reflects great credit upon the Naval Service.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 288544 DLA-298-cb (15 January 1942)

DEYHLE, FRANK E.
Private, U.S. Marine Corps
Marine Barracks, Naval Ammunition Depot, Hawthorne, Nevada
Date of Action: April 1, 1936
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Frank E. Deyhle, Private, U.S. Marine Corps, for extraordinary heroism on 1 April
1936, at the Marine Barracks, Naval Ammunition Depot, Hawthorne, Nevada, when a man temporarily crazed,
viciously attacked, without provocation or warning, a fellow comrade with a bolo and struck him down. Private
Deyhle sprang at the assailant, warded off the second slash upon his comrade with his hand, and in so doing
sustained lacerations which resulted in the loss of two fingers and the major portion of his left hand. In spite of his
injuries he continued to struggle with the maniac until he was subdued and disarmed, thereby preventing fatal injury
to other comrades.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 201485 ACE-ees (9 November 1936)
    Born: at Chattanooga, Tennessee
    Home Town: Chattanooga, Tennessee




                                                     Page 43
Navy Cross Awards to U.S. Marines                                                    Interim 1930 - 1942

DUNLAP, ROBERT H.
(Second Award)
Brigadier General, U.S. Marine Corps
Date of Action: May 19, 1931
Citation:
The Navy Cross is presented to Robert H. Dunlap, Brigadier General, U.S. Marine Corps, for distinguishing himself
conspicuously by extraordinary courage on May 19, 1931, at La Fariniere, Cinq-Mars-la-Pile, France, where he met
his death in a supreme effort to save the life of a French peasant woman.
 Authority - USMC Communiqué: 0849 ACE-jfb (19 June 1936)
    Born: at Washington, Washington, D.C.
    Home Town: Washington, Washington, D.C.
 Other Award: Navy Cross (WWI)




                                                  Page 44
                                     RECIPIENTS BY HOME STATE & TOWN

             ALABAMA                                   MARYLAND                   Proctorville - Villars, Roy L.
Bay Minette - Bush, Lambert               Baltimore - Perkins, Jesse L.           Toledo - White, Russell
Logan - Entrekin, Emery L.                Bel Air - Archer, Percy F.              Xenia - Rachford, Frederick J.
Searight - Paschal, Archie                Elkton - Smith, Julian C.                        PENNSYLVANIA
              ARIZONA                     Point of Rocks - Stockes, George F.     Fayette City - Yelanich, Anthony G.
Glendale - Jack, Samuel S.                        MASSACHUSETTS                   Germantown - Thatcher, Miles R.
                                          Belmont - Brown, Julian P.              Oil City - Harbaugh, Joseph A.
            ARKANSAS
                                          Boston - Davis, Chester A.              Philadelphia - Bruce, Thomas C.
Morrilton - Clarke, Burwell H.
                                          Bradford - Mosier, Melvin               Philadelphia - Granger, Warren Laise
            CALIFORNIA                    Cambridge - Carbone, Alphonse           Philadelphia - Hamas, John
Berkeley - Blake, Robert                  Lexington - Pierce, Harold C.           Philadelphia - Pierce, Francis E.
Calistoga - Power, Lester E.              Ward Hill - Lee, William A.             Saxton - Simon, Allen E.
Coronado - Russell, John H.                                                       Willsboro - MacNulty, William K.
Los Angeles - Moore, Edward B.                          MICHIGAN
                                          Detroit - Hakala, Edwin U.                       RHODE ISLAND
Los Angeles - Ridderhof, Stanley F.
                                          Detroit - Kensick, Casmer M.            Newport - Buttrick, James T.
National City - Gayer, Harry
                                          Kalkaska - Clark, Cecil H.              Providence - Bubier, Kennard F.
North Hollywood - Floyd, Oliver
Palo Alto - Livingston, Richard                       MISSISSIPPI                        SOUTH CAROLINA
Pasadena - Cobb, John M.                  New London - Piper, Earl S.             Charleston - Atkinson, Benjamin W.
San Diego - Ballinger, Ernest F.          Pontatoc - Holmes, Maurice G.
San Diego - Williams, Gregon A.                                                              TENNESSEE
Santa Cruz - Wood, John C.                              MISSOURI                  Chattanooga - Deyhle, Frank E.
                                          Kansas City - McCarty, Joseph A.        Chattanooga - McGhee, William E.
            COLORADO                      Monnett - Williams, Charles             Murfreesboro - Baskin, Thomas A.
Fort Lyon - Palrang, Arthur M.            Shelbina - McHenry, George W.
Littleton - Larsen, Henry L.                                                                     TEXAS
                                          St. Louis - Hanneken, Herman Henry      Fort Worth - Graham, Ralph V. P.
          CONNECTICUT                     St. Louis - Lewis, Marvin
Hartford - Beadle, Elias R.                                                                       UTAH
                                                        MONTANA                   Murray - Guymon, Vernon M.
Hartford - Stengle, Meyer                 St. Ignatius - Kerns, Paul
Norwalk - Buchanan, Richard B.                                                                 VERMONT
                                                       NEBRASKA                   Burlington - Edson, Merritt Austin
            DELAWARE                      Stapleton - Schmidt, Harry
Wilmington - Rossell, Joseph A.                                                                 VIRGINIA
                                                  NEW HAMPSHIRE                   Lexington - Letcher, John S.
              FLORIDA                     Manchester - O'Day, Edward F.
Galloway - Hardaker, Maurice R.                                                   Richmond - Monroe, John W.
                                                      NEW JERSEY                  Saluda - Puller, Lewis B.
              GEORGIA                     Clifton - Czegka, Victor H.
Atlanta - Passmore, William F.                                                              WASHINGTON
                                          Clifton - Czegka, Victor Hugo           Everett - Challacombe, Arthur D.
Lawrenceville - Jackson, Frank A.         Jersey City - Bush, George J. G.
Macon - Chappell, Clarence J.                                                     Seattle - Richal, Meron A,.
                                          Ocean Grove - Young, John S. E.
              ILLINOIS                    Stone Harbor - Rockey, Keller Emrick             WEST VIRGINIA
Chicago - Erpelding, George H.            Teaneck - Smith, George C., Jr.         Charlestown - Walraven, John G.
Chicago - Jackson, Marvin A.              Weehawken- Carhart, Joseph B.           Wheeling - Archibald, Robert J.
Springfield - Darrah, Clyde R.                        NEW MEXICO                              WISCONSIN
              INDIANA                     Aztec - Hatfield, Gilbert D.            Janesville - Bleasdale, Victor F.
Evansville - Eidson, Mason D.                                                     Kiel - Salzman, Elmer H.
                                                       NEW YORK                   Madison - Taubert, Albert Adolph
Fort Wayne - Gale, Eugene B.              Brooklyn - Aron, Irving W.
Indianapolis - Litz, Richard J.           Brooklyn - Gould, Moses J.                     WASHINGTON, D.C.
Kurtz - Gray, Earl T.                     Brooklyn - O'Shea, George J.            Washington - Berkeley, Randolph
Terre Haute - Turner, Charles E.          Buffalo - Kosieradzki, Frank            Carter
                IOWA                      Buffalo - Roberts, Harold C.            Washington - Dunlap, Robert H.
Charles City - Bunn, Bennie M.            Little Valley - Little, John A.         Washington - Gulick, Louis M.
Des Moines - Elliott, Edward E.           New York - Geyer, Peter C.              Washington - Kilcourse, Thomas J.
                                          New York - Keimling, Herbert S.         Washington - Meade, James J.
              KANSAS                      New York - Paul, William                Washington - Roos, Otto N.
Carneiro - Hunter, Robert S.              New York - Schoneberger, Russell                  PUERTO RICO
            KENTUCKY                      Richmond Hill, LI - Mackert, Henry D.
                                                                                  Humacao - Toro, Rafel
Mount Sterling - Barker, Virgle C.        Sidney - Carlson, Evans Fordyce
Riverside - Eadens, Alva                                    OHIO
Rose Hill - Lester, Herbert Dee           Cleveland - Weber, Frank C.
            LOUISIANA                     Hamilton - Powell, Ernest
Shreveport - Hutcherson, Mack             Hamilton - Simmons, Orville B.
                                          Lorain - Shepard, Millard T.




                                                        Page 45
                        HomeOfHeroes.com Electronic Books
HomeOfHeroes electronic books are a unique feature of the HomeOfHeroes.com website, which currently maintains more than 20,000 pages of American history.
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                         www.HomeOfHeroes.com/books and www.HomeOfHeroes.com/publisher
About The Author:
DOUG STERNER
 “Mr. Doug Sterner, in the truest sense of the word, is a
 genuine “All American.” As a patriot he is the best of the
 best. His passion for our country, our citizens and our
 children runs deep in his veins. He feels in his soul the great
 indebtedness we have to our country for the freedoms we
 enjoy.     Doug speaks with great enthusiasm and a
 tremendous fervor, leaving you with your heart racing,
 standing taller and possibly drawing a tear from your eye,
 feeling proud to be an American."
                                    Peter C. Lemon, Recipient
                                Congressional Medal of Honor


         Doug Sterner is a popular author, speaker, Webmaster and historian who has dedicated his
life to preserving the stories of some of our Nation’s greatest heroes. He has single-handedly authored
more than 20,000 web pages in his popular site at www.HomeOfHeroes.com. A dedicated public
servant in his hometown of Pueblo, Colorado; he initiated and organized several programs to
introduce Medal of Honor recipients to the community, including a series of school assemblies that
brought history and inspiration to more than 32,000 youth in one day of activities. He and his wife
Pam’s continuing programs resulted in the community bidding for and hosting the Medal of Honor
convention in Pueblo in September 2000. Other activities have resulted in local schools promoting
and passing legislation in two states authorizing distinctive Medal of Honor license plates.

       Doug is a decorated, two-tour veteran of service in Vietnam
where he served as a squad leader in the US Army. Following
discharge from active duty, he spent 6 years as a member of the
Montana National Guard. In 1998 the Congressional Medal of
Honor Society recognized the continuing efforts of the Sterner
Family when it presented Doug with its prestigious and unique
Distinguished Citizens Award. In 1999 Governor Bill Owens
appointed Doug to the Colorado State Board of Veterans Affairs. In
2001 he was elected to a 2-year term as Chairman of the Colorado
State Board of Veterans Affairs.

 "As a patriot, speaker, writer and historian you are among the
 best.
 "The fact that Doug laughed at my jokes in Da Nang (Vietnam) in
 1971 has nothing to do with the praise I give him.
 "Okay, It helped a little."
                                                  Mr. Bob Hope

                                            Doug Sterner
                                    3111 Thatcher – Pueblo, CO 81005
                       (719) 564-1755        Email: Doug@HomeOfHeroes.com

								
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