Student Name _____________
Read the article “The Immigration Debate: Its Impact on Workers, Wages and Employers” and
respond to the following questions.
1. According to paragraph #4, how many undocumented workers are there in the United States?
2. Why, do you think, is it so hard to get an accurate count?
3. Looking again at paragraph #4, what 4 things are at stake in this controversial debate?
4. Paragraph #4 continues with listing key economic questions. Name at least 3. Write these in your
5. Paragraph #5: Cappelli and Briggs Jr. believe that illegal workers exert ____________________
pressure on wages and _________________opportunities for low-skill U.S. citizens
6. Paragraph #6: How does Bernard Anderson feel about the effects of illegal workers compared to
Cappelli and Briggs?
7. Paragraph #6: Anderson says, illegal immigrants work _________, do not come to the United
States to receive ____________, and should be allowed to remain in the U.S. after paying
8. Paragraph #9: The report, which uses data from the U.S. Census Bureau's March 2005 Current
Population Survey, estimates that the U.S. is home to between ____________ million and
___________ million illegal immigrants, up sharply from 8.4 million in 2000. Unauthorized migrants
accounted for _________% of all foreign-born people in the U.S. as of 2005. Most unauthorized
migrants -- 6.2 million, or ___________% of the illegal population -- come from Mexico. About 2.5
million, or ________% of the total, come from the rest of Latin America.
9. Paragraph #10: In 2005, illegal migrants accounted for about _______% of the civilian labor force,
or 7.2 million workers out of a labor force of 148 million. Approximately 19% of illegal workers
were employed in _________________ jobs, 15% in production, installation and repair, and 4% in
___________. The Pew report also shows that illegal immigrants comprise 24% of all workers in
farming, 17% in cleaning, 14% in construction and 12% in food preparation. Within those categories,
unauthorized migrants tend to be concentrated in specific jobs: They represent ________% of all
insulation workers, _____% of all roofers and drywall installers, and ________% of all butchers and
other food-processing workers.
10. Paragraph #11: Supporters of illegal, low-skill immigrants say that the US economy needs these
11. How does Cappelli feel about this claim?
12. Paragraph #17 According to Briggs, the working conditions for many illegal immigrants are
appalling. Explain the conditions that cause him to say this.
13. Paragraph #20 According to Briggs, what is the only effective way to reduce illegal immigration?
14. Paragraph #29: In the discussion on displacement of American citizens who work at low-skill jobs,
what does Passel say about this?
15. Paragraph # 30-31: Passel says it is clear from the demographic evidence that U.S. immigration
policy is not working in its attempt to keep illegal immigrants from entering the United States and
reducing the number already here. Passel argues that in reference to our immigration policy instead
of keeping people out, we have kept people in."
What two ways have we done this?