PENYELENGGARAAN KEWENANGAN DAERAH DAN PENGELOLAAN IRIGASI

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PENYELENGGARAAN KEWENANGAN DAERAH DAN PENGELOLAAN IRIGASI Powered By Docstoc
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1. Increasing Coal Production and
  Utilization

2. Increasing Natuiral Gas
  Production and Utilization

3. Reneweable Energy Utilization

4. New Power Plant and
  Transmission Development

5. Rural Electrician Development

6. Human Resource Development
The Importance of Renewable Energy

     Total capacity Hidrocarbon Train : 1 milion
      K.Litre per Day
     Fuel Production : 44.5 milion K. Litre (KL),
      Consumption       : 62.3 milion K.Litre (KL)
      defisit 17.8 juta KL (impor)
     Diesel Oil demand (IDO and ADO) : ±
      70.000 KL/Day or ± 26 milion KL/annum
     Domestic Diesel Oil supplay too tight
     Increasing Crude Oil Price
  OBJECTIVE OF ENERGI MIX 2025
     (PERPRES NOMOR: 5 TAHUN 2006)

          Primer Energy        Energy Mix   Energy Mix
                                 Recent      at 2025
1. Crude Oil                    51,66 %      20,0 %
2. Natural Gas                  28,57 %      30,0 %
3. Coal                         15,34 %      33,0 %
4. Renewable Energy :
   - Geothermal                 1,32 %        5,0 %
   - Hidro Power                3,11 %           -
   - Biofuel                       -          5,0 %
   - Coal Liquefaction             -          2,0 %
   - Biomass, Nuclear, Solar       -         > 5,0 %
     and Wind Blows
   RAW MATERIAL BIODIESEL
PROSPECTIVE IN SOUTH SUMATERA

            STRAIGHT JATROPHA OIL (SJO)
            CRUDE PALM OIL (CPO)
            COCONUT OIL
            NUT OIL
        RAW MATERIAL BIOFUEL POTENSTIAL
              IN SOUTH SUMATERA

   Jatropha : 520 ha (50.000 ha potential area,
    developed on critical forest)
   CPO production, 2006 : 1.6 milion ton/annum
    (plantation area : 620.000 ha)
   Coconut, 2006 : 70.000 ton (plantation area
    60.000 ha)
                 RAW MATERIAL BIOFUEL RESOURCES
1.   Biodiesel utilization at 2010 : 720.000 K.Litre/annum (approx. 2 % of
     total demand).
2.   Biodiesel design implementation :

                                       2006    2007     2008      2009      2010

     1.   Target :
          a. Biodiesel (K.Litre)       50.000 100.000   300.000   500.000   720.000
          b. Crude Palm Oil (Ton)      50.000 100,000   300.000   500.000   720.000
     2. Design :
        a. Biodiesel Plant (K/Litre)
         - South Sumatera                   -       -    60.000    70.000    90.000
         - Other Province              50.000 100.000   240.000   430.000   630.000
        b. Crude Palm Oil (Ton)
         - South Sumatera                   -       -    60.000    70.000    90.000
         - Other province              50.000 100.000   240.000   430.000   630.000
        Perpres no. 5 tahun 2006 AND Inpres No.1 tahun 2006


                 JATROPHA
                                         Jatropha plantation and
                    OIL
                                         development (1.5 milion trees
                                         equivalent to 500 ha, in Lahat
                                         dan OKU Timur)

                                       • Palm plantation development
BIO DIESEL                               conduct by Plantation
                                         Revitalization Project : 300.000
                                         ha (on year : 2007-2010)

                                       • BIODIESEL PILOT PLANT
                                         PROJECT, capacity: 20 ton per
                                         day or (6000 ton/annum), at
                                         Research and Development
                   CPO                   Centre , Sembawa.
                                  Area Utilization
                                   Master Plan
                                  3,2 milion ha

     Existing Area
                                                         Development Area
   2,2 milion ha                                                1 Juta ha
         (Year`2005)

        Alocation area :                                    Alocation area :

Rubber          : 944.000 ha                         Rubber       :   250.000 ha

Palm Plantation : 561.000 ha                         Palm         :   600.000 ha
(CPO product. : 1.5 milion ton)

Coffe          : 272.000 ha                          Sugarcane    :   75.000 ha

Horticulture   : 250.000 ha                          Jatropha     :    50.000 ha

Other comodity : 173.000 ha                          Other        :   25 ribu ha
PROSPECT FOR BIODIESEL INVESTMENT
       IN SOUTH SUMATERA


Policy : South Sumatera as National Energy Centre
Raw Material : CPO is already exist, Jatropha development on going.
Supporting system : 42 unit CPO plant existing, capacity 2.020
ton/hr.
Supporting organization : Local Government Enterprise (PD PDE)
Human Resource: University (UNSRI) as a part of National Energy
Research, Indonesian Plantation Research Institute, Plantation
Research and Development Centre- Ministery of Horticuluture.
Accesibility : transportation, telecomunication and port.
Area, plant and technology already exist.
Fun : Local government already for sharing budget.
        BIODIESEL POTENTIAL MARKET
            IN SOUTH SUMATERA

                  Diesel Oil       Biodiesel
  Consumption
                         (000. k.litre)

Total                446             76

Crumb Rubber         30              30

Automotive           408             41

Farming Machine
                      8               5
and Equipment
               BIODIESEL PILOT PROJECT PLAN
               IN SOUTH SUMATERA

   LOCATION : SEMBAWA RESEARCH CENTRE,
    BANYUASIN
   SUPPORTING CONDITION :
    A.   Palm Plantation, owner by Sembawa
         Research Centre, Palm tree 15 years old
         (TM 11), area: 1.200 Ha
    B.   Area for Site Location CPO & Bio Diesel
         Plant : 2 Ha
    C.   CPO Production : 1.6 milion Ton/Annum
Site Location Biodiesel Plant, Sembawa Research Centre
         BIODISEL UTILIZATION RESEARCH
     FOR MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT FARMING
               IN SOUTH SUMTERA


   Total Biodiesel consumption for
    machinery and equipment farming in
    South Sumatera Selatan 4.372 ton litre per
    annum
   Decreasing fuel consumption
   Long lifetime machinery and equipment
   Biodegradability
             BIODIESEL MARKET
     (50 % eksisting machinery and farming
            equipment , year 2005)




       Machine and       Total Biodiesel Consumption
No
        Equipment        unit    Type    (ton ltr/thn)
1    Hand tractor        1.750    B20              270
2    Power thresher        819    B20              59
3    Rice milling Unit   2.750    B100          4.043
                 Total   5.319                  4.372
  BIODIESEL ECONOMIC SCALE
CPO PRICE          PRICE (Rp/Litre)
ASSUMPTION   BIODIESEL      DIESEL OIL
                               (IDO)
  3.500        4.500           5.700
  (2006)
  4.000        5.000          5.700


  5.000        6.000          5.700
                BUDGET SCHEME
CPO Plant           : 9 Bilion Rupiah  budget Local Government
5 Ton/Hr              Enterprice (PD PDE)
                      (Owner budget or bank sindicate)
BIODIESEL Plant     : Ministry of Industry (investment & capital), if
                      necessary could be joint between The
                      Government of South Sumatera Province
                      (represent by PD PDE) and The Government
                      Banyuasin (represent by PD Banyuasin
                      Resource)

Raw Material CPO    : Palm Plantation – Sembawa Research Centre

Raw Material        : CPO Plant
BIODIESEL

Operational Finance : Local Government Enterprise (PD PDE)
       BIODIESEL RETAIL
           OFF TAKERS
Conducted by PD PDE South Sumatera:
     Fuel Pump Station (SPBU)

     Stationary Plant B100

     Machinery and Farming Equipment
      B20
     River transportation vehicle
BIO D IESEL                         PRODUCTION COST
          CAPACITY                  BIAYA PER LITER *)
     < 6.000 Ton/Annum                       Rp 1.000

     30.000 Ton/Annum                         Rp 800

     60.000 Ton/Annum                         Rp 700

     100.000 Ton/Annum                        Rp 600


*) Raw material cost not included, asumption $ 1 = Rp 10.000
Biodiesel Raw Material Resource
in South Selatan.

  Crude Palm Oil (CPO)
     Palm Plantation area (at 2006): 620 ribu Ha
     CPO Production (at 2006): 1.6 milion ton/annum
     Land Productivity : 3.4 ton CPO/ha
     CPO Plant : 42 unit, capacity 2.020 ton/hour
     Existing area for development :600.000 ha
  Jatropha Oil (J. curcas)
     Plantation area : 1.5 milion trees in Lahat and 100 ha
     in OKU Timur
     Productivity : data not available, aproximately 3 – 4
     ton/ha.
        Potential area in South Sumatera
      Sembawa Plantation Research Institute
                     (LRPI)
   Total area Plantation Research 3250 haa
   Palm Palnatation area Luas kebun : 1000 ha
   Production at 2006: 20-90 ton TBS/day
   Area for site location Bio Diesel Plant already
    exist
   The plantation neigbour : PBN, PBS & PR
   CPO plant development 5 ton TBS/hr, dua shifts.
   CPO stock ex the neigbour CPO Plant : 20 ton
    CPO/day, not fulfill for bio diesel plant demand
    wich capacity 20 ton/day or 6.000 ton/annum.
   Prospect for Community Development
Site Location CPO Pilot Plant




                                500 m


 S. MUSI



   Site Location CPO Plant
          Integrated Biodiesel Pilot Plant Design
                   in South Sumatera

     CPO Mini Plant
                                  Biodiesel Plant (20 ton CPO/hari)
 (5 ton TBS/jam, 2 Shift)



                            2006
9 Billion Rupiah                       12-15 Bilion Rupiah
LRPI & PEMDA                              INVESTMENT
      South Sumatera Province (4 B)
                                          6B
      Banyuasin County (2 B)



         Palm Plantation : CPO (already)
                  Straight Jatropha Oil : SJO
                   (on going development)

				
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