Scott Wisneski Professor Schweitzer [should be third line of header] Composition II [should be second line of header] January 29, 2011 Tipping Point Author Tips Debate in His Favor The dramatic drop in crime during the 1990’s took everyone by surprise. That [what? see rules] is the only point equally agreed upon by author Malcolm Gladwell and co-authors Steven D. Levitt and Stephen J. Dubner. The reasons for the drop, however, are currently in dispute. In Gladwell’s book, The Tipping Point: How Little Things Can Make a Big Difference, he contends that the reasons for this unprecedented decline can be boiled down to the theory of “The Broken Windows Theory,” which postulates that “crime is the inevitable result of disorder…it can start with a broken window and spread to an entire community” (Gladwell 141). Levitt and Dubner, in their book, Freakonomics: A Rogue Economist Explores the Hidden Side of Everything, claim the reason to be the hike in abortion rates brought about by the Roe v. Wade [italics] decision of 1973; and that [insert comma] had these abortions not taken place, the resulting children would have grown up disproportionately to become criminals. Gladwell’s response to this supposition is to note that if this were the case, the introduction of the Pill— almost a decade prior to Roe v. Wade [ital]—should have had the same results, yet it did not. In fact, just the opposite occurred: that generation experienced a huge increase in crime. While these gentlemen seem to be polar opposites in their opinions as to the nature of the plunging crime rates, this [what?] is not exactly the case. Their hypotheses actually bleed together to a degree on the subject of police protection. The Tipping Point and Freakonomics both agree that an increase of police was a factor, and [insert comma] although Gladwell gives the idea more credence than Levitt and Dubner, Freakonomics [italics] gives its tacit approval by also crediting -I- Wisneski 2 “higher rates of imprisonment [as] hav[ing] a lot to do with it” (Levitt and Dubner#125). Thus, Gladwell’s theory carries more weight. Works Cited Gladwell, Malcolm. The Tipping Point: How Little Things Can Make a Big Difference. New York: Time Warner Book Group, 2000. Print [insert period] Levitt, Steven D., and Stephen J. Dubner. Freakonomics: A Rogue Economist Explores the Hidden Side of Everything. New York: HarperCollins Publishers Inc., 2005. Print. Works Consulted Dubner, Stephen J. “Malcolm Gladwell on the Freakonomics Paradox.” NYTimes.com. [italics] New York Times, 9 Mar. 2006. Web. 27 Jan. 2011. [missing url] Gladwell, Malcolm. Thoughts on Freakonomics. gladwell.typepad.com. 9 Mar. 2006. Web. 27 Jan. 2011. Comments: Excellent combination of summary and analysis. Also, the paragraph flows nicely from idea to idea. Grade: 99.
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