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FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE by ert554898

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									         Poetry

Literary Terms for Grade 10
FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE
FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE

    “Language of the Imagination”

Definition:
     Language based on some sort of
 comparison that is not Literally true
METAPHOR
METAPHOR

  “Speak in imaginative shorthand”

Definition:
     comparison between unlike things
 which some reasonable connection
 is instantly revealed.
More forceful: uses ‘is’ to compare
 ideas
DIRECT METAPHOR
DIRECT METAPHOR

Definition:
     States that something IS
 something else.

Example:    X is Y
IMPLIED METAPHOR
IMPLIED METAPHOR

Definition:
     Implies or suggests a
 comparison between things that
 have very little in common.
     Ways of saying something that
 can open our eyes to a new way of
 seeing the world.
EXTENDED METAPHOR
EXTENDED METAPHOR

Definition:
     A Metaphor that develops its
 comparison over several lines or
 even an entire poem.

 “Life for me ain’t been no crystal stair”
FIGURE OF SPEECH
FIGURE OF SPEECH

Definition:
     language shaped by the play of
 the imagination, in which one thing is
 compared to something that seems
 to be entirely different.

      This is never literally true
SIMILE
SIMILE

Definition:
     A figure of speech that uses the
 words like, as, than, and resembles
 to compare things that have little or
 nothing in common.
PERSONIFICATION
PERSONIFICATION

Definition:
     When we attribute human- like
 qualities to a non-human thing or to
 an abstract idea.

            “The future calls”
SYMBOL
SYMBOL

Definition:
     An ordinary object which has
 extraordinary meaning attached to it.

          “Red roses for love”
  “Skull and crossbones for danger”
SYMBOLIC MEANING
SYMBOLIC MEANING

Definition:
     The deeper layer of meaning
 suggested by a work’s literal, or
 surface, meaning.

    “And miles to go before I sleep,
    And miles to go before I sleep.”
 CONFLICT

Internal Conflict
      and
External Conflict
CONNOTATION
CONNOTATION

Definition:
     All the associations and
 emotions that are attached to a
 word.


  Housman’s “Loveliest of Trees”
AMBIGUOUS
AMBIGUOUS

Definition:
     Allowing for opposing
 interpretations, or meanings.

       Frost’s “Mending Wall”
SPEAKER
SPEAKER

Definition:
     The voice that talks directly to
 the reader in a poem; the speaker is
 not always the poet.

      Masters “George Gray”
TONE
TONE

Definition:
     The attitude of the writer or the
 speaker toward the subject of the
 poem or toward the audience.

Can be inferred from words and
 details.

       Hongo’s “The Legend”
IDIOM
IDIOM

Definition:
     An expression that is peculiar to a
 particular language. It means
 something different from the literal
 meaning of each word.

        Clifton’s “Miss Rosie”-
              “I stand up”
FREE VERSE
FREE VERSE

Definition:
     Poetry that does not have regular
 meter or rhyme. Usually captures
 natural rhythms of ordinary speech.

   Means: “Freedom from rules”
BLANK VERSE
BLANK VERSE

Definition:
     Poetry written in unrhymed iambic
 pentameter (no rhyme pattern, 10
 syllables).
      SONNET

  Italian (Petrarchan)
           And
English (Shakespearean)
SONNET
Definition:
     Fourteen-line lyric poem, usually
 written in iambic pentameter.

Italian: two parts
      octave(eight lines) and sestet (six)
English: four parts
      three quatrains (four lines) and
      couplet (pair of rhymed lines)
IAMBIC PENTAMETER
IAMBIC PENTAMETER

Definition:
     Used in Shakespeare, when each
 line contains five iambs and a total of
 ten syllables.
RHYME
RHYME

Definition:
     Repetition of accented vowel
 sounds and all sounds following
 them in words that are close
 together in a poem.
RHYMED COUPLET
RHYMED COUPLET

Definition:
     A two-line unit in a poem that
 rhymes.

In a Shakespearean sonnet, the last
  pair of lines( labeled gg ).
END RHYME
END RHYME

Definition:
     Rhyme which occurs at the end of
 lines in a poem.
RHYME SCHEME
RHYME SCHEME

Definition:
     A pattern of rhymed lines in a
 poem. This is indicated by labeling
 each new end rhyme with a letter of
 the alphabet.

Example: abab cdcd efef gg (E.
 Sonnet)
INTERNAL RHYME
INTERNAL RHYME

Definition:
     Rhyme that occurs within a line or
 lines of poetry.

“The warm sun is failing, the bleak
  wind is wailing,” -Shelley
APPROXIMATE RHYME
APPROXIMATE RHYME

Definition:
     Words that sound similar, but do
 not rhyme exactly. Also called half
 rhyme, slant rhyme or imperfect
 rhyme.

       Blade/ blood; flash/ flesh
QUATRAIN
QUATRAIN

Definition:
     A four-line unit in poetry, normally
 found in a sonnet.
RHYTHM
RHYTHM
Definition:
     Musical quality in language,
 produced by repetition.
Established by:
     *a meter,
     *repetition of grammatical structures
     *using pauses
     *varying line lengths
     *balancing long and short words
       and phrases.
METER
METER

Definition:
     A generally regular pattern of
 stressed and unstressed syllables in
 poetry.
SCANNING
SCANNING

Definition:
     Analyzing the metrical pattern of
 a poem. Also called scansion.

 Meter is measured in units called
 feet.
FOOT
FOOT

Definition:
     Usually consists of one stressed
 syllable and one or more unstressed
 syllable.

Examples:     iamb           dactyl
              trochee        spondee
              anapest
BALLAD
BALLAD
Definition:
     Song or song-like poem that tells a
 story. It is a story-poem that is meant to
 be sung.

Use: simple language
     meter
     refrain

  Folk Ballad is one type is this poem.
REFRAIN
REFRAIN

Definition:
     Whole lines or stanzas repeated
 at regular intervals.
TANKA
TANKA

Definition:
     A Japanese poetic form,
 containing five (5) unrhymed lines
 and a total of thirty-one (31)
 syllables.
     Evokes a strong feeling with a
 single image.
ONOMATOPOEIA
ONOMATOPOEIA

Definition:
     Use of a word whose sound
 suggests its meaning.

     buzz, splash, knock, bark
ALLITERATION
ALLITERATION

Definition:
     Repetition of the same or similar
 consonant sounds in words that are
 close together.

“Where the quail is whistling betwixt
  the woods and the wheat-lot.” -
  Whitman
ASSONANCE
ASSONANCE

Definition:
     Repetition of similar vowel sounds
 followed by different consonant
 sounds in words that are close
 together.

“I lie down by the side, Of my darling,
   of my darling, my life and my bride.”
       -Edgar Allen Poe
PROSE POEM
PROSE POEM

Definition:
     A short piece that is written in the
 form of prose but uses the elements
 of poetry. Usually evokes powerful
 images that make the writer’s world
 easy to see and feel.

								
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