Taj Mahal one of the Seven Wonders of the World is the finest example of Mughal arichtecture, a style
that combines elements from Persian Turkish and Indian architectural styles. At the brink of dawn
when the first rays of the sun hits the dome of this epic monument, it radiates like a heavenly abode,
cloaked in bright golden. And then at dusk, basking in the glory of moon, it shines like a perfectly
carved diamond; appearing as if straight out of some magical tale, leaving the viewers awestruck by
its sense of grandeur. Nothing short of an architectural marvel, no wonder it stands proud at being
one of the Seven Wonders of the World. And the rich beauty of this visual spectacle turns visceral
when one hears the story behind it. The story of Taj Mahal!
Taj Mahal of India - "the epitome of love", "a monument of immeasurable beauty". The beauty of
this magnificent monument is such that it is beyond the scope of words. The thoughts that come
into the mind while watching the Taj Mahal of Agra is not just its phenomenal beauty, but the
immense love which was the reason behind its construction. Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan got this
monument constructed in the memory of his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal, with whom he fell in love
at the first sight. Ironically, the very first sight of the Taj Mahal, the epitome of love and romance,
also leaves visitors mesmerized and perpetually enthralled.
Standing majestically on the banks of River Yamuna, the Taj Mahal is synonymous to love and
romance. It is believed that the name "Taj Mahal" was derived from the name of Shah Jahan's wife,
Mumtaz Mahal and means "Crown Palace" ; Taj means “Crown” and Mahal means “place”. The
purity of the white marble, the exquisite ornamentation, precious gemstones used and its
picturesque location, all make a visit to the Taj Mahal gain a place amongst the most sought-after
tours in the world. However, until you know the love story behind the construction of the Taj Mahal,
the beauty of the same would not enliven in your heart and mind and instead would come up as just
another beautiful building/monument. It is the love behind this outstanding monument that has
given a life to this monument. Come and explore the visceral charisma that it emanates!
The Taj Mahal is the epitome of Mughal art and one of the most famous buildings in the world. Yet
there have been few serious studies of it and no full analysis of its architecture and meaning. Ebba
Koch, an important scholar, has been permitted to take measurements of the complex and has been
working on the palaces and gardens of Shah Jahan for thirty years and on the Taj Mahal itself—the
tomb of the emperor's wife, Mumtaz Mahal—for a decade.
The tomb is the representation of the house of the queen in Paradise, and its setting was based on
the palace gardens of the great nobles that lined both sides of the river at Agra India. You will
explore the entire complex of the Taj Mahal with an explanation of each building and an account of
the mausoleum's urban setting, its design and construction, its symbolic meaning, and its history up
to the present day.
It was built in 22 years from 1631 to 1653 with the orders of Shah Jahan and it was dedicated to
Mumtaz Mahal (Arjumand Bano Begum), the wife of Shah. 20,000 workers laboured and 32 crore
rupees were spent during the construction of the monument and it was built according to Islamic
architecture. It is one of the Unesco world heritage site. There are several myths about Taj Mahal.
According to one of the myths, the construction is sinking and it is known that in spite of all the
precautions, cracks were discovered in it just 4 years after its completion and that it was tilting
towards the riverside.
According to another myth a number of items such as diamonds, a gold leaf which covered the part
of the dome, a pearl blanket etc that were originally a part of the Taj were stolen.
It is also told that Shah Jahan got the hands of his sculptors and architects cut off so that they would
never be able to build a monument as magnificent and beautiful as the Taj again and he even got
their eyes pulled out so that they would never be able to witness anything bigger and more beautiful
than the monument that they had built during their lifetime.