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					                Report

  Obstructions In The World Of Commerce
                 Education




               Submitted By:

          MUHAMMAD ABDULLAH
         QAZI NARMEEN QURESHI
         MUHAMMAD WARIS KHAN
            HUSSAIN ALI KHAN




National University Of Modern Languages


                     1
                          DEDICATION


Our humble efforts towards this report are dedicated to our parents and teacher.

Our parents co-operated us in the completion of project in the form of finance

and complements.

     Teacher provided us this marvelous opportunity, support, encouragement

and extremely wonderful time for assignment making.




                   WE ARE HERE TO DEDICATE OUR
                         EFFORTS TO OUR

                        PARENTS AND TEACHER

                                  WITH
                             LOVE & RESPECT




                                        2
                    ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

          All praises, thanks and acknowledgements are for CREATOR the
ALMIGHTY ALLAH Who has bestowed upon human being the crown of creation
and has endowed him with knowledge and wisdom. We offer thanks to the Holy
PROPHET (PBUH) who is the beacon of enlighten and the greatest benefactor
the mankind ever had. Who brought for us revelation and unlimited knowledge
and civilized the barbarian human being.


          We would like to present a token of thanks to our ever caring and loving
parents whose prayers helped us to reach this stage of our life and were very
cooperative to us in the completion of this report and provide us the complete
support of finance.


          Our special thanks to Ms. Farah Naz (Subject Teacher) who provided us
the best guidance in completion of this report. Besides, there are many people
who supported us in formulation of this report and without the support of them we
could never be able to complete this report successfully. In this respect we are
very thank full to our group leaders, Muhammad Abdullah and Qazi Narmeen
Qureshi, and our group members, Hussain Ali Khan and Muhammad Waris Khan
who remained very cooperative and helped us to collect the information for this
report.




                                                       BBA(Hons)-IV




                                          3
                               PREFACE

     Report writing is the integral and basic requirement of all the business study
programmers in all of the business study institutes as it is necessary and basic
requirement of the BBA(Hons) degree of the Department of Management
Sciences National University Of modern Languages.


     Report writing is the practical implication of the theoretical knowledge which
we have taught in our business subjects to gain further knowledge and
experience about professional business activities.


     It equips us with the necessary knowledge, skills and values of business
culture which are basic requirement of the business professional and which also
helps new graduates to perform professionally as they get first step in their
practical professional life.




                                        4
INDEX
•   Tittle
       Obstructions in the world of Commerce education......1
•   Dedication......2
•   Acknowledgment......3
•   Preface......4
•   Main Body
      o Introduction......6
      o Content list
             1. Public Institutions why in jeopardy......7
             2. Why unemployment so common in Commerce students......9
             3. Privatization of institutes......10
             4. Admission dilemma......11
             5. Student choice......12
             6. Organizational Activities...... 12
             7. Job Market and Opportunities......13
•   Observation
     o Based on Student Surveys......15
     o Illustration by graphs and pie charts......17
•   Difference between both institution’s graph & pie charts......21
•   Summary......22
•   Conclusion......23




                                               5
Introduction:
       In this era of globalization and technology, the world is diversifying by
each minute in every field. In such potential and fast atmosphere, the competition
and expectation is heading really very fast. This is the at least factor that directly
affects particularly ‘Student’. Nowadays students have to set a whole journey
from organization to globalization not to mention the factors which create
obstacles in between.

       As we know that the world is moving so fast, and there are many
institutions that are providing the education regarding business administration.
There are thousands of students who prefer business administration from
different institutions.    For suppose if 20,000 students doing business
administration, and after completing their graduation only 3 to 4 thousand
students get the good job opportunity and the rest of all are facing the problems
of unemployment. One of the main reason is PRIVATIZATION.

       Majority of the students are doing business administration from non
privatized institutions. In this report we have discussed the problems facing by
the students of business administration to get the job. The question worth
hundred and million is that how organizations effects the students career
interference?




                                          6
1: Public Institutes why in jeopardy?

The Public Sector:
     The public sector is usually composed of
organizations that are owned and operated by the
government. This includes federal, provincial,
state, or municipal governments, depending on
where lived. Privacy legislation usually calls
organizations in the public sector a public body or
a public authority.


Problems with `public sectors:

1) Teacher’s Unions:

     Teachers Unions are just as bad as all the other unions out there. They
shelter the lazy and incompetent and at the same time discourage and beat
down the eager and hard-working. Kick the unions out of the schools, move to
merit- and performance-based wages like most other private business, and you’d
quickly separate the good teachers from the bad. Then get rid of the bad and
hire new teachers who have plenty of ambition and energy.

2) Lack of discipline (corporal punishment):

     Students don’t bother themselves so much on how their discipline and well-
being skills should be, because they aren’t getting any instructions by the sector
or the department at all.

3) Social programs with Institute:

     Most of the institutes are falling over problematic social controversies which
lead to social criticism, discrimination and racism.

                                          7
4) Public institutes are falling into the non-competition trap:

        No-one wants any kid to feel “bad” about them because they didn’t win the
race, or game, or contest. Smart kids are made to feel guilty and ostracized,
while the average kid is held up as the model for the rest. Well, guess what?
The real world doesn’t reward average, it rewards the best and the brightest.
Who’s going to explain to the average kids why they aren’t getting the
promotions?

5) Public institutes are teaching students that it’s okay to fail:

        Mostly in some public sectors; the system implemented a policy that allowed
any student to re-take any test once. All they had to do was ask, sit through a
study session, and then take the test afterwards. The thing is why giving student
second chance in case they blow it, right? And of course why would they bother if
they always got the safety blanket waiting for them.

6) Public schools are teaching students to be lazy:

        Teachers accept late assignments without penalty. They just needed to be
turned in before the end of the semester. There was no penalty at all for being
late.




                                          8
2: Why Unemployment so much common in
commerce student?
Why business administration’s students are rambling?
         We know very well that there are many institutes which are providing
the education regarding the field of business administration, and in today’s world
the competition of business administration is very tough and there are thousands
of students who are passing the final semester at after every six month, but only
few students are able to get the job and the rest of all are rambling in the street
for the sake of good job.
        Most of the business administration’s students are rambling, because
they were not supposed to get the good environment of the education. The main
reason for rambling of the students is privatization. In private sector, the
environment of the education is very high. There is a big difference of the
studying environment of the institutes in private sector and non-private sector.
After completing their semesters from the institutes, some student gets the job,
because they have good command on their subjects. Most of the business
administration’s students rambling because they were not supposed to bothered
themselves to pay attention on the subjects and study.


      Privatization plays an important role for the career of the students. We
might have seen that the students of highly level institutes, they never face the
situation of rambling. Most of the students of the private institutes get the job
easily but only few students of private sector face unemployment. But most of the
students of non-privatized institutes are facing certain problems causing non
vacancy sign.


       Private sector student gets job easily because the students get more
competent, managed and initiator due to good educational background which is
provided by private institutes. The private college and universities are more
disciplined regarding to time management and human resources, i.e. they timely

                                        9
complete the course, regular classes, hires well educated teachers and staff,
which improve the quality of management provided to students.


        Moreover in private institutes there is no political organization of teachers
and students which further enhance the quality of education, those things
definitely assure the good and well qualified students as an output. Naturally the
qualitative well manner human resource attract the market, this is why the private
sector student gets job easily as compared to government sector colleges and
universities.




3: Privatization of Institutes:
The Private Sector:
       The private sector is usually composed of
organizations that are privately owned and not part
of   the   government.    These     usually   includes
corporations     (both    profit   and     non-profit),
partnerships, and charities.
An easier way to think of the private sector is by
thinking of organizations that are not owned or operated by the government


     Turning the operation of public sectors over to private companies or simply
developing such entity is a controversial idea based on the less-controversial
notion that part of what makes improving public institutes so hard is that they are
bogged down in bureaucratic mire.

     Advocates of privatization ventures see in them the combined virtues of
government and business. They argue that government's oversight function and
its responsiveness to the needs of citizens can be retained while taking
advantage of private enterprise's ability to be more efficient, reduce costs, and
maximize production—in this case, student achievement.

                                         10
     Opponents, however, see the pressure for profit replacing student
achievement as the driving force within schools. They see individual needs—
particularly those of children with special, costly requirements—being sacrificed
to the needs of corporate shareholders. They fear that school districts won't be
nearly vigilant enough in monitoring companies' performance. And, foes note,
private managers can be as inefficient and incompetent as public ones.


4: The admission dilemma:
Admission gaming:
     Another obvious distinction between public and private schools results from
their respective admissions procedures. By law, public schools must accept all
children. In many cases, enrolling your child involves little more than filling out a
few forms and providing proof of your address to the local school district office. In
practice, however, getting your child into the public school of his or her choice
can be much more complicated.


     Because not all public schools have resources for helping students with
special needs, enrolling a child with a learning disability or other disorder may
entail a more complex process. Similarly, in school districts with "school choice"
policies, the procedure for finding a public school may require that parents enter
a lottery to gain admission for their child into their top pick. Finally, at the high
school level, many districts in larger metropolitan areas offer special schools with
competitive enrollment based on students' GPAs or artistic portfolios.


      Private schools, by their very definition, are selective. They are not
obligated to accept every child, so getting admitted may involve in-depth
applications with multiple interviews, essays, and testing. Because private
schools define the identity of their communities, they often pick and choose
between candidates based not only on their scholastic achievement but also their
ethnicity and religious background — as well as the special attributes (or assets)
of their parents.

                                         11
5: Student Choice:
Grooming institute for all students:

      It’s obvious every student desire for a studying in a well-known standardized
the institutes, where the environment of providing the education is very high and
they provide the education with up to date compared to non-standardized
institutes, where the environment of providing the education is not efficient
enough and nor they focus on the excellence of students education.


      There is a very big difference between these two categories of institutes.
Unfortunately not all students can afford such opportunity so its up to the
organization to make it up to the mark so that all deserving students can get in
the row.
      Organization should be standardized no matter public or private. Institutes
should force stress in their students to study and hard work in their fields.
Institutes should give a punctual timing to complete their course outline in a given
time. The main thing is institute must meet all the desires of students at all living
standard so that even deserving kid must come forward.




6: Organizational Activities:
Extra-curricular activities:

      The main purpose of organizational activities is to strengthen the student’s
abilities.   Information and Communication Technology Implementation               in
Education is to provide the prospects and trends of integrating information and
communication. Students get to explore physical, creative, social, political, and
career interests with like- minded people. They can get involved with groups as a
way to get support from other students with your background. A club or group
also can be a great way to meet people who are different from you. Lots of youth



                                         12
programs bring people together with those who are different as a way to break
down the barriers between people.

     Participating in extracurricular activities helps in other ways, too: It looks
good on college and job applications and shows admissions officers and
employers you're well-rounded and responsible. Specific activities help with
specific goals. Few activities are below:

         •   Recreation and study tours (field trips).
         •   Internet based quizzes and innovative tests.
         •   Gaming days.
         •   Book fares and other educative fares.
         •   Communication based courses.
         •   Job interviews at the end of semester.




7: Job market and opportunities (in both
institutes):
Job reservation:
     Job market means the opportunity of the jobs in the market. Private
institutes have a good procedure of providing the education rather than non
privatized institutes. In privatized institutions the job market of the student is
stronger than the non-privatized institutions; here is an example of the students
regarding job market.




                                            13
     Example: if any multinational company announce the vacancy of marketing
or finance manager, and the applicants goes for applying the job, the H.R Dept.
of that company will prefer the applicants of privatized institutes. For suppose if
the company announce the vacancy of 5 seats, and the applicants are 20, in
which both (private and non private institutes) categories of institutes are
involves. No doubt, that the H.R Dept. of that company will prefer the students of
private institutes first because the dept. knows that these applicants are coming
from the environment      where students are trained to faced the problems of
today’s market.


     Student A is doing MBA in marketing from private institution and on other
hand, student B is doing MBA in marketing also but from non private institution.
Both students start their MBA on same time, and after some time both the
students are in 2nd semester of MBA, but student A will get the job in advance
while student B is in the same semester but student B has to taste the bitter
experience of life in getting the job. Company will prefer the student who is doing
MBA from private institutions because they want a perfect person for their
company.


So, in these ways the job market of the privatized institution’s students is
stronger than the non privatized institutions.




                                         14
       Observation:
                  National University Of Modern Languages
Date: ____________                                             Subject: Business Communication.
Non-Private Institution.                                       Assigned by: Ms. Farah Naz

                      Satisfaction Of Students About Education

                                     Frequency Distribution Table
         S.No.                     Questions                   S.A   A    D.K   D    S.D   Total
           1     Educational process.                           3    5          2           10
           2     Credit hours.                                       5          5           10
           3     Syllabus.                                      1    5     1    3           10
           4     Library and Computer Lab facilities.           1    1          6    2      10
           5     Fees Amount.                                   1    5     1    2    1      10
           6     Management rules and regulations.                   4     1    4    1      10
           7     Private institution's management is
                                                                9    1                      10
                 better than Government institutions.
           8     Does your institution has the policy of
                                                                2    6          2           10
                 80% attendance of student?
           9     Scholarship opportunities.                                2    5    3      10
          10     Teacher's Cooperation.                         2    6          2           10
          11     Faculty of the university.                          1     3    6           10
          12     Does your organization provides you
                                                                     2     1    5    2      10
                 career opportunities?
          13     Satisfied with the amount of material
                                                                     5     1    4           10
                 presented in class.
          14     Occurrence of racism in institution.           1     2    1     5   1      10
          15     Practical approaches.                                3          5   2      10
          16     Marking system.                                      5    3     1   1      10
          17     Physical environment of the class.                   5    1     4          10
          18     Efficiency and style of teaching.              1     5    2     2          10
          19     Competitive environment.                       1     2          6    1     10
          20     External facilitites (Parking,Canteen,etc).          2          4    4     10
                                      Total                    22    70   17    73   18    200

         S.A: Strongly Agree.                                  A: Agree.
         D.K: Don't Know.                                      D.A: Disagree.
         S.D: Strongly Disagree.


                                                 15
                   National University Of Modern Languages
Date: ____________                                             Subject: Business Communication.
Non-Private Institution.                                       Assigned by: Ms. Farah Naz


                      Satisfaction Of Students About Education

                                               Percentage Table
         S.No.                     Questions                   S.A   A    D.K    D     S.D Total%
           1     Educational process.                          30    50         20           100
           2     Credit hours.                                       50         50           100
           3     Syllabus.                                     10    50   10    30           100
           4     Library and Computer Lab facilities.          10    10         60     20    100
           5     Fees Amount.                                  10    50   10    20     10    100
           6     Management rules and regulations.                   40   10    40     10    100
           7     Private institution's management is
                                                               90    10                      100
                 better than Government institutions.
           8     Does your institution has the policy of
                                                               20    60         20           100
                 80% attendance of student?
           9     Scholarship opportunities?                               20    50     30    100
          10     Teacher's Cooperation.                        20    60         20           100
          11     Faculty of the university.                          10   30    60           100
          12     Does your organization provides you
                                                                     20   10    50     20    100
                 career opportunities?
          13     Satisfied with the amount of material
                                                                     50   10    40           100
                 presented in class.
          14     Occurrence of racism in institution.          10    20   10     50    10    100
          15     Practical approaches.                               30          50    20    100
          16     Marking system.                                     50   30     10    10    100
          17     Physical environment of the class.                  50   10     40          100
          18     Efficiency and style of teaching.             10    50   20     20          100
          19     Competitive environment.                      10    20          60    10    100
          20     External facilitites (Parking,Canteen,etc).         20          40    40    100
                                    Total%                     11    35   8.5   36.5   9     100

         S.A: Strongly Agree.                                  A: Agree.
         D.K: Don't Know.                                      D.A: Disagree.
         S.D: Strongly Disagree.


                                                  16
Illustration by Graphs and Pie Charts:

Non-Private Institutions:
  40
                                               36.5
                  35
  35

  30

  25                                                                  S.A
                                                                      A
  20
                                                                      D.K
  15                                                                  D
       11
                               8.5                                9   S.D
  10

   5

   0
            S.A        A       D.K         D                S.D




In non-private institutions, 11% students are Strongly Agree, 35%
Agree, 36.5% Disagree, 9% Strongly Disagree and 8.5% students
have no idea about some questions.




                           9         11
                                                      S.A
                                                      A
                                                      D.K
                                                      D
                   36.5                               S.D
                                          35




                               8.5



                                     17
                 National University Of Modern Languages
Date: ____________                                           Subject: Business Communication.
Private Institution.                                         Assigned by: Ms. Farah Naz

                       Satisfaction Of Students About Education

                                   Frequency Distribution Table
        S.No.                   Questions                    S.A   A     D.K   D    S.D   Total
          1     Educational process.                          2     8                      10
          2     Credit hours.                                       9          1           10
          3     Syllabus.                                     3     2     3    2           10
          4     Library and Computer Lab facilities.          4     4     1         1      10
          5     Fees Amount.                                        8          2           10
          6     Management rules and regulations.             3     5     1    1           10
          7     Private institution's management is
                                                              9    1                       10
                better than Government institutions.
          8     Does your institution has the policy of
                                                              4    5                1      10
                80% attendance of student?
         9      Scholarship opportunities.                    3     3     1    3           10
         10     Teacher's Cooperation.                        2     5     2    1           10
         11     Faculty of the university.                    1     5          4           10
         12     Does your organization provides you
                                                              4    3      2         1      10
                career opportunities?
         13     Satisfied with the amount of material
                                                              1    6      1    2           10
                presented in class.
         14     Occurrence of racism in institution.          1     1     3    3    2      10
         15     Practical approaches.                         2     5     2    1           10
         16     Marking system.                                     4     3    3           10
         17     Physical environment of the class.            1     9                      10
         18     Efficiency and style of teaching.             1     6     2    1           10
         19     Competitive environment.                      2     7     1                10
         20     External facilitites(Parking,Canteen,etc).    2     6     1         1      10
                                  Total                      45    102   23    24   6     200

        S.A: Strongly Agree.                                 A: Agree.
        D.K: Don't Know.                                     D.A: Disagree.
        S.D: Strongly Disagree.


                                                 18
                 National University Of Modern Languages
Date: ____________                                           Subject: Business Communication.
Private Institution.                                         Assigned by: Ms. Farah Naz

                       Satisfaction Of Students About Education

                                            Percentage Table
        S.No.                   Questions                    S.A   A    D.K   D    S.D Total%
          1     Educational process.                         20    80                     100
          2     Credit hours.                                      90         10          100
          3     Syllabus.                                    30    20   30    20          100
          4     Library and Computer Lab facilities.         40    40   10         10     100
          5     Fees Amount.                                       80         20          100
          6     Management rules and regulations.            30    50   10    10          100
          7     Private institution's management is
                                                             90    10                     100
                better than Government institutions.
          8     Does your institution has the policy of
                                                             40    50              10     100
                80% attendance of student?
          9     Scholarship opportunities.                   30    30   10    30          100
         10     Teacher's Cooperation.                       20    50   20    10          100
         11     Faculty of the university.                   10    50         40          100
         12     Does your organization provides you
                                                             40    30   20         10     100
                career opportunities?
         13     Satisfied with the amount of material
                                                             10    60   10    20          100
                presented in class.
         14     Occurrence of racism in institution.         10   10 30       30   20     100
         15     Practical approaches.                        20   50 20       10          100
         16     Marking system.                                   40 30       30          100
         17     Physical environment of the class.            10 90                       100
         18     Efficiency and style of teaching.             10 60 20        10          100
         19     Competitive environment.                      20 70 10                    100
         20     External facilitites(Parking,Canteen,etc).    20 60 10             10     100
                                    Total                    22.5 51 11.5     12    3     100

        S.A: Strongly Agree.                                 A: Agree.
        D.K: Don't Know.                                     D.A: Disagree.
        S.D: Strongly Disagree.



                                                  19
Private Institutions:
  60
                       51
  50


  40
                                                                                S.A
                                                                                A
  30
       22.5                                                                     D.K
  20
                                                                                D

                                         11.5              12                   S.D
  10
                                                                            3

   0
              S.A           A            D.K           D              S.D




In Private institutions, 22.5% students are Strongly Agree, 51%
Agree, 12% Disagree, 3% Strongly Disagree and 11.5% students
have no idea about some questions.




                                     3
                                12
                                                22.5
                                                                S.A
                                                                A
                    11.5                                        D.K
                                                                D
                                                                S.D




                                           51



                                           20
                Difference Between Both Institution’s Graphs
                And Pie Charts:

     Non-Private Institutes                                                                      Private Institutes
40                                                                             60
                                            36.5
                   35                                                                                   51
35
                                                                               50
30
                                                                               40
25                                                                  S.A                                                                            S.A
                                                                    A                                                                              A
20                                                                             30
                                                                    D.K             22.5                                                           D.K
15                                                                  D                                                                              D
     11                                                                        20
10                               8.5                          9     S.D                                           11.5            12               S.D
                                                                               10
 5                                                                                                                                           3

 0                                                                              0
          S.A           A       D.K         D           S.D                                S.A               A    D.K         D        S.D




                            9          11                                                                         3
                                                                                                             12
                                                                                                                              22.5
                                                              S.A                                                                            S.A
                                                              A                                                                              A
                                                              D.K                                11.5                                        D.K
                                                              D                                                                              D
            36.5                                              S.D                                                                            S.D
                                                   35




                                8.5                                                                                      51




                                                                          21
Summary:


     The overall scenario of this report shows that how commerce students face
obstacles in their life if they are studying under public sector plus all the
problematic environmental controversies. Also about the environmental behavior
effecting an average studying student. Student’s self-potential of heading forward
sometimes doesn’t work if the organization is not supporting students aim. How
an institute should fill up the desired roles for student by avoiding some hurdles
such as admission problem or fee criteria. In this report it is stated how to
acknowledge extra activities that can help student being more efficient. Also
keeping the theme of report a survey has been conducted by both the institutions
for better comparison.




                                       22
Conclusion:

     Institutions should provide education at a distance confront a unique set of
challenges. The most significant of these is to provide appropriate academic
(institutional and instructional) and relational support for students given the
constraint of "distance" that separates learner from the provider of the learning.
Appropriate institutional and instructional support must be provided to ensure the
academic success of our students that eventually leads to course and degree
completion. Institutional support is operationally defined to include such elements
as provision of competent and credentialed faculty, quality materials, delivery
technology, and other typical human and material resources, etc. Instructional
support refers to the instructional design of courses, the interaction with faculty or
adjunct faculty, tutorial assistance and so on. Relational support describes the
more affective dimension of the learning process wherein we encourage,
motivate, and nurture students at an emotional level in an attempt to strike a
balance with the more intellectual/cognitive support typically provided by
academic institutions of higher education.




                                         23

				
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