Biography of Barack Obama Barack Hussein Obama II (bərɑ ː k ː hʊseɪn oʊbɑ mə /; born August 4, 1961) was the 44th President of the United States. He was the first African American to hold an important position as president of the United States. Obama is a U.S. Senator from Illinois who served from January 3, 2005 until 16 November 2008, after which it advanced to the United States presidential election. He was taken oath as President on January 20, 2009 in an inaugural ceremony at the U.S. Capitol. Obama is a graduate of Columbia University and Harvard Law School, where he was the first African- American who became president of Harvard Law (Faculty of Law, Harvard University). He worked as a community organizer, and also worked as a civil rights attorney in Chicago before serving three terms in the Illinois Senate from 1997 to 2004. He also taught Constitutional Law at the University of Chicago Law School from 1992 to 2004. After an unsuccessful bid for a seat in the U.S. House in 2000, Obama was elected to the Senate in November 2004. Communicate the essence of Obama's address at the Democratic National Convention in July 2004. As a member of the Democratic minority in the 109. Congress, Obama helped create legislation to control conventional weapons and to promote greater public accountability in the use of federal funds. He also made official trips to Eastern Europe, Middle East, and Africa. In Congress he helped create legislation regarding the selection, negotiation and fraud, climate change, nuclear terrorism, and care for U.S. military personnel returning from combat duty in Iraq and Afghanistan. Barack Obama was born at the Kapi'olani Medical Center for Women & Children in Honolulu, Hawaii, from Mother Ann Dunham, a white American from Wichita, Kansas from predominately English descent. Obama's father was Barack Obama, Sr., a Luo from Nyang'oma Kogelo, Nyanza Province, Kenya. His parents met in 1960 while attending the event at the University of Hawaii at Manoa, where his father was a foreign student. The couple later married on February 2, 1961, they separated when Obama was two years old and divorced in 1964. Obama's father returned to Kenya and saw his son only once more before dying in an automobile accident in 1982. After her divorce, Dunham married Indonesian student Lolo Soetoro, they met while attending a college in Hawaii. When Suharto came to power as the military leader in 1967 in Indonesia country. Then Obama and his family moved to Indonesia. Obama later attended a small local schools in Jakarta, such as Besuki Public School and St. Francis of Assisi School, until he was ten years old. He then returned to Honolulu to live with his maternal grandfather / grandmother, Madelyn and Stanley Armour Dunham, while attending Punahou School from fifth grade in 1971 until his graduation from high school in 1979. Obama's mother returned to Hawaii in 1972 for five years, then in 1977 returned to Indonesia, where he worked as a worker in the field of anthropology. He lived there spent the rest of his life, then returned to Hawaii in 1994. She died of ovarian cancer in 1995. After high school, Obama moved to Los Angeles, where he studied at Occidental College for two years. He then transferred to Columbia University in New York City, where he majored in political science with a specialization in international relations. Obama graduated with a BA from Columbia in 1983. He spent a year working at Business International Corporation and then at the New York Public Interest Research Group. After four years in New York City, Obama moved to Chicago, where he was hired as director of Developing Communities Project (DCP), a church-based community organization that originally consisted of eight Catholic parishes in Greater Roseland (Roseland, West Pullman, and Riverdale ) deep in Chicago's South Side. He worked there for three years from June 1985 until May 1988. During three years as the DCP's director, its staff grew from one to thirteen and the annual budget grew from $ 70,000 to $ 400,000 including helping set up job training programs, a preparatory school tutoring programs and tenant rights organization in Altgeld Gardens. Obama also worked as a consultant and instructor for the Gamaliel Foundation, an agency of organized society. In mid 1988, he traveled for the first time to Europe for three months and then for five months in Kenya, where he met many people with his brother's father for the first time. Obama entered Harvard Law School in late 1988. He was selected as an editor at the Harvard Law Review at the end of that first year and as president of the journals in the second year. During the summer, he returned to Chicago where he worked as a lawyer law firm of Sidley & Austin in 1989 and Hopkins & Sutter in 1990. After graduating with a Juris Doctor (JD) magna cum laude from Harvard in 1991, he returned to Chicago. From April to October 1992, Obama directed the Illinois Project Vote, voter registration is driving with ten staff and seven hundred volunteers; it achieved the purpose of registration 150,000 400,000 Africans are not registered in the U.S., and led to Crain's Chicago Business names Obama its 1993 list "40 under Forty" powers to it. After twelve years, Obama served as a professor at the University of Chicago Law School teaching Constitutional Law. He was first classified as a Lecturer 1992-1996, and later as a Senior Lecturer from 1996 to 2004.  He also joined Davis, Miner, Barnhill & Galland, a twelve-attorney law firm specializing in civil rights litigation and neighborhood economic development, where he was an ally for three years from 1993 to 1996, then of counsel from 1996 to 2004, with his law license becoming inactive in 2002. Obama is a founding member of the board of directors of Public Allies in 1992, before his wife, Michelle, became the founding executive director of Public Allies Chicago in early 1993. He served from 1994 to 2002 on the board of directors of Woods Fund of Chicago, who in 1985 became the first foundation to fund the Community Development Project, and also from 1994 to 2002 on the board of directors of the Joyce Foundation. Obama worked on the board of directors of the Chicago Annenberg Challenge in 1995-2002, and became president and chairman of the board of directors from 1995 to 1999. He also worked on the board of directors of the Chicago Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights Under Law, Center for Environmental Technology, and Lugenia Burns Hope Center. Obama was elected to the Illinois Senate in 1996, following State Senator Alice Palmer as Senator from Illinois's 13th District, which then spanned Chicago South Side of Hyde Park RW-Kenwood south to South Shore and west to Chicago Lawn. Once elected, Obama is supported by two political parties gain support for legislative reforms and the ethics of health care law. He sponsored a law increasing tax credits for low-income workers, negotiated welfare improvement, and promote increased subsidies for children. In 2001, as co-chairman who supported the bipartisan Joint Committee on Administrative Rules, In July 2004, Obama wrote and delivered the essence of the address at the Democratic National Convention 2004 in Boston, Massachusetts. After explaining to the mother grandfather of experience as a veteran of World War II and the benefits of the New Deal of the FHA and GI Bill programs, Obama spoke about the changes in U.S. government economic and social priorities. He questioned the Bush administration's management of the Iraq War and highlighted America from the obligation to the soldiers. Drawing examples from U.S. history, he criticized the partisan views of many voters and Americans to find unity in diversity, and said, "There is no liberal America and a conservative America; there is the United States." Despite Was not televised by the three major broadcast news networks, a combined 9.1 million viewers watching on PBS, CNN, MSNBC, Fox News and C-SPAN saw Obama's speech, which is the highlight of the convention and confirmed his status as an intelligent Democrat new star. Obama's expected opponent in the general election, Republican primary winner Jack Ryan, himself from the race in June 2004. Two months later, and less than three months before Election Day, Alan Keyes accepted the Illinois Republican Party nomination to replace Ryan. At the November 2004 general election, Obama received 70% of the vote to Keyes's 27%, one of the greatest victories for the state of race in Illinois history. Obama took oath as a senator on January 4, 2005. Obama is Senatot fifth African-American in U.S. history, and the third to have been popularly elected (see the seventeenth Amendment U.S. Constitution). In congress 2008 she was ranked as the eleventh most powerful Senator. Legislation Obama also sponsored legislation that would be required nuclear plant owners to notify state and local authorities of radioactive leaks, but the bill failed to pass the full Senate after a heavily modified in committee.  Obama is not hostile to Tort reform and vote for the Class Action Fairness Act of 2005 and the FISA Amendments Act of 2008 which grants immunity from civil liability to telecommunications companies complicit with NSA warrantless surgery dr voice telephone connection. On February 10, 2007, Obama announced his candidacy for president himself in front of the United States Old State Capitol in Springfield, Illinois. During the campaign, Obama emphasized the issues of rapid end of the Iraq War, increasing energy independence, and providing universal health care. After a few initial contests, the field narrowed to a contest between Obama and Sen. Hillary Clinton, with each winning some states and the race remaining close throughout the primary process. On May 31, Democratic National Committee agreed to seat the disputed Michigan and Florida all guests at the national convention, each with a half-vote, narrowing Obama's delegate lead.  On June 3, with all states counted, Obama passed the threshold into allegations of a candidate.   On that day, he gave a victory speech in St. Paul, Minnesota. Clinton suspended her campaign and supported him on June 7.  From the meantime, he campaigned for the general election race against Senator John McCain, the Republican candidate. On August 23, 2008, Obama was elected as Delaware Senator Joe Biden as vice presidential running mate. At the Democratic National Convention in Denver, Colorado, Obama's former rival Hillary Clinton in his speech to support Obama's candidacy and then calling Obama will be nominated by acclamation as the Democratic presidential candidate. On August 28, Obama delivered a speech to 84,000 supporters in Denver. During the speech, which has been seen by more than 38 million people around the world, he received a nomination from the party and policy objectives are presented. After McCain was nominated as Republican presidential candidate, three presidential debates between Obama and McCain in September and October 2008. In November, Obama won the presidency with 53% of the votes of the people and various electoral college margin. His election sparked celebrations in various cities in the United States and abroad. Then President-elect Obama then met with President George W. Bush in the Oval Office, 10 November 2008. On November 4, 2008, Barack Obama beat John McCain in the general election with 365 electoral votes to McCain and became the first president of African American descent. In a victory speech, delivered before a crowd of hundreds of thousands of supporters in Chicago's Grant Park, Obama declared that "Change has come to America." On January 8, 2009, joint session of U.S. Congress met to explain the assessed from the Electoral College for the 2008 presidential election. Based on the results of calculation of electoral votes, Barack Obama, who has been declared the winner of presidential elections in the United States and Joseph Biden who has been declared elected vice-president of the United States.