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REPORTED SPEECH REPORTED SPEECH DIRECT AND INDIRECT SPEECH DIRECT INDIRECT SPEECH 1

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									   REPORTED SPEECH
(DIRECT AND INDIRECT SPEECH)
DIRECT
INDIRECT SPEECH
                         1. STATEMENT
Direct
(Simple Present Tense)

The teacher said ” I believe you”
                          V1


Indirect
(Simple Past Tense)            V2

The teacher said (that) he believed me
1. The teacher asked “Close the window”



  The teacher asked me to close the window


2. The teacher asked “Stand up”



   The teacher asked the boy to stand up.
                       Simple
1. Yes/No Question      Past
                       Tense
John asked “Did you come last night ?”

John asked me if I had come the previous night
       Past Perfect
         Tense
2. WH Question
John asked ” Why are you so upset?”


John asked why I was so upset.
Changes in Tenses
 Simple Present Tense    Simple Past Tense

 Present Continuous T.   Past Continuous Tense

 Simple Past Tense       Past Perfect Tense

 Present Perfect Tense   Past Perfect Tense

 Simple Future Tense     Past Future Tense

 Past Continuous Tense   Past Perfect Continuous.
1.SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE
  S + V1(s/es) + O/C



2. SIMPLE PAST TENSE
  S + V2 + O/C
          FUTURE        PERFECT     CONTINUOS (TO BE + V-
            (AKAN)        (TELAH)            ing)




PRESEN
          will/sahall   have/has      is, am, are + V-ing
    T



 PAST    would/should     had          was, were + V-ing




             V1           V3
Today       on that day
Tomorrow    the next day
Yesterday   the previous day, the day before.
Next week   the following week, the next week
Last week   the previous week, the week before
Now         then
Here   there, at that place
This   that

								
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