US Immigration by dffhrtcv3

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									Brief History of US Immigration Policy




      Ellis Island Inspection Station, c. 1910
 Early   Republic
  • Open to “free white men”


 Citizenship   (Naturalization Act 1802)
  • Good moral character
  • Loyalty to the Constitution
  • Declaration of Intention
 Homestead    Acts 1860s
  • Promise of land encourages immigration


 “Old   Immigrants”
•Know Nothing Movement
•Native American Party
Nativist Riot, Hoboken 1851
 Beginning   of tougher regulations

 Immigration    Act of 1882
  • Head tax on immigrants (50 cents)
  • Blocked entry of “lunatics”, convicts and
    destitute
  • Immigration made a federal responsibility
 Chinese   Exclusion Act of 1882
  • Severely limited Chinese immigration
  • Not repealed until 1943


 Immigration     Act of 1891
  • Office of Immigration (later, INS)


 1892: Ellis   Island opens
 1900-1920: 14.5   million immigrants

 The “New” Immigrants
 Immigration   Act of 1917
  • Literacy requirement
  • “Asiatic Barred Zone”
     All of Asia excluded, except Japan
  • Passed by Congress over Wilson’s Veto


 Quota   Act of 1921
  • Limits based on existing American population
 Immigration    Act of 1924

  • Annual quotas set at 2% of current non-resident
   population for each nationality

  • Exceptions:
     Wives and children
     Western hemisphere

  • Beginning of illegal immigration as a problem
 Nationalorigins system replaced in 1965
 “Preference” System
  • Unite families
  • Skilled workers


 Refugee    Act of 1980
  • Distinguishes those seeking asylum from those
   wishing to immigrate

								
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