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Traditional feast held in city center for haves and have-nots

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									WEEKLY
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Published by:
Jargon Media Sp. z o.o.
Index Number: 236683
ISSN: 1898-4762

NO. 33                                                                         WWW.KRAKOWPOST.COM                                                                           DECEMBER 20-JANUARY 9, 2008



Traditional feast held in city center for haves and have-nots
Poland remembers
martial law in 1981
On Dec. 13, 1981, the arrests
and jailings started. Radio
programs were halted. The
borders were shut down.
Martial law was imposed       2




Valuable primeval
forest under threat
Environmental organizations          The 10th annual event has become the biggest holiday gathering in Poland, where those who have resources share with those who haven’t. It is far from the only such event,
are raising the alarm about the      however. Many cities reach out to the poor during the holiday season. The cooks at the Krakow event prepared about 6,000 liters of mushroom soup with pasta.
management of Poland’s most
valuable primeval forest:                               Kinga Rodkiewicz                               “I ask them to put together parcels with the most           help from homeless programs.
Bialowieska Forest              2                         STAFF JOURNALIST                          important necessities, such as sugar, tea, coffee, flour          Gdansk has a Christmas Eve meal program that gets the young
                                                                                                    and rice,” she said.                                           involved in the spirit of the season. Since 1989, students from all
                                         About 50,000 homeless, poor and lonely ate free on            At the Christmas Eve event, those in the crowd get          the universities in the Pomeranian region have staffed the Kitchen
School students                      Rynek Glowny (Main Market Square).
                                         The 10th annual event has become the biggest holi-
                                                                                                    raffle tickets. Numbers are called, and every person
                                                                                                    receives a gift.
                                                                                                                                                                   of Santa Claus, cooking soup every Thursday for the homeless
                                                                                                                                                                   and poor.
can read, not count                  day gathering in Poland, where those who have resourc-
                                     es share with those who haven’t. It is far from the only
                                                                                                       “I remember that once a man who had a big family
                                                                                                    received a parcel in which there was food – and 500
                                                                                                                                                                      They prepare special meals on Christmas Eve and Easter for the
                                                                                                                                                                   90 or so people they serve.
                                     such event, however. Many cities reach out to the poor         zloty,” Ziembicka said.                                           Lublin held its 8th Christmas Eve meal program this year. The
Assessments of teenage students      during the holiday season.                                        It is a tradition that if the beneficiary of a gift knows   main organizer was the Dominican Order.
showed that they performed best          The cooks at the Krakow event prepared about 6,000         who the donor is, he must express his thanks. When                When the Old Town event was first held, it was only for the
in reading tasks, while they had     liters of mushroom soup with pasta, six tons of cabbage        the man with the big family sent his appreciation let-         homeless. Now it’s for everyone.
difficulty in math exercises     4   with mushrooms and 100,000 homemade dumplings.                 ter, the donor was so pleased that he gave the family             Residents, including people dressed as angels holding candles,
                                         “Ten years ago, I had no idea that Christmas Eve on        another 1,000 zloty.                                           wander through the streets singing Christmas carols. At the main
                                     the main market square in Krakow” would become so                 Katowice also has a Christmas Eve meal for the              market square the carolers take part in the most important part of
Military takes part                  big, said Jan Kosciuszko, owner of the Chlopskie Jadlo
                                     restaurant, who started the tradition.
                                                                                                    homeless and poor.
                                                                                                       Bishop Gerard Bernacki told
                                                                                                                                                                   each Christmas Eve – sharing wafers and good wishes.

in peace program                         When he initiated the program, he said, he hoped it
                                     would become a tradition that spread to many locations
                                                                                                    the 60 Silesians at this year’s
                                                                                                    event to fill their hearts “with
Partnership for Peace sends          – and it would involve people of means helping those           love, kindness and goodness.
                                     without.                                                       I wish you on this Christmas
troops overseas to deal with             Mayor Jacek Majchrowski and Cardinal Stanislaw             peace, joy and kindness.”
terrorism and proliferation     6    Dziwisz are among the notables who have embraced the              Non-governmental organi-
                                     event.                                                         zations estimate the number of
                                         Ninety percent of those who ate on the main market         homeless in Poland at between
Int’l women raise                    square this year were needy, meal organizers said.
                                         Christmas is Poland’s most important religious holi-
                                                                                                    80,000 and 130,000. The num-
                                                                                                    ber in Katowice has grown each
money for orphans                    day. The Catholic Church tells its members that those
                                     with means should celebrate Jesus’ birth by helping the
                                                                                                    year over the last several years,
                                                                                                    the mayor’s office said. Last
The Int’l Women’s Association        less fortunate.                                                year about 5,000 people got
holds Christmas Charity Ball to          In almost every Polish home on Christmas, Eve there
                                     is a place at the dinner table for anyone who wanders
support local poor children     11   in. If someone comes to the door unexpectedly, the tra-
                                     dition is that the host invites him or her to eat the 12

Local Guggenheim                     traditional Christmas dishes with the family.
                                         The tradition started in the 19th Century, when many

Museum underway
                                     families reserved a chair for a family member whom the
                                     Russians had sent to Siberia for fighting for Polish in-
                                     dependence.
A Krakow resident has decided            In many Polish cities, local governments, private
to build a Guggenheim                sponsors and volunteers put together a Christmas Eve
Museum in his hometown      12       meal for the poor.
                                         In Wroclaw, the event is associated with one deter-
                                     mined woman, journalist Wanda Ziembicka. She has                 Mediterranean dishes
                                     been organizing a Christmas meal for 20 years.                   Exotic drinks
                                         “I do this for very poor people, for the lonely, ill and
                                     those abandoned by relatives,” she said. “The disabled           Hookahs
                                     and multi-children families come as well.”                       Arabian music
                                         So many people look forward to the event that “some-
                                     times at the beginning of September people ask me if             Belly dancers
                                     they will receive an invitation,” Ziembicka said.
                                         Ziembicka prepares for the event by sending a letter         Maly Rynek 2
                                     each year seeking donations from 300 companies, busi-            Tell.: (0) 12 421-6498
                                     nessmen, editors, actors and politicians.                        Email: shisha@shisha.pl
2         The Krakow Post                                                                                             P O L A N D                                                                  DECEMBER 20-JANUARY 9, 2008

R E G I O N A L

Gazprom warns of possible
                                     N E W S
                                                         Poland remembers introduction of martial law in 1981
tensions with Ukraine
    Russian energy giant Gazprom late last week
warned of a risk of “tensions” with Ukraine’s
future government, two days before pro-Western
Yulia Tymoshenko was voted in by the parliament
as prime minister.




                                                         cc:sa:Hiuppo
    “Today, the only place where there could be
tensions is in Ukraine,” said Gazprom spokesman
Sergei Kuprianov on the Russian news channel
Vesti 24. Problems could arise “if a new govern-
ment is elected that tries to modify the accord
signed” earlier this month concerning the price of
gas deliveries to Ukraine, he said.
     “There have been statements in that regard by
the Ukrainian party and that worries us,” he added,
alluding to comments by Tymoshenko’s party.
    On Dec. 4, Ukraine and Russia agreed on the
price for gas deliveries in 2008 at $179.5 (122
euro) per 1,000 cubic meters.
    The current price for Russian gas paid by
Ukraine is $130. However, a lawmaker from the
Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc, which is set to form
Ukraine’s governing coalition, criticized the deal,
saying it was proof of the “incapacity” of outgo-
ing, pro-Moscow prime minister Viktor Yanu-
kovych. Russia cut off gas supplies to Ukraine in
2006 after Kiev refused to accept a much higher
price for imports. The move subsequently dis-
rupted gas supplies to EU countries further down-
stream, raising criticism that Moscow was using
its energy resources to put pressure on neighbor-
ing governments. (AFP)                                   Martial law was declared for 586 days until July 22, 1983.

Gazprom sets price limit at                                              Iwona Bojarczuk                    tened Polish independence. The anniversary        member at the controls. It transported high       law gathered in front of the Warsaw home of
$119 for Belarus                                                         STAFF JOURNALIST                   included masses, historical re-enactments,        school students dressed in ZOMO uniforms.         General Wojciech Jaruzelski to protest. The
                                                                                                            meetings and exhibitions.                         Another group of students was distributing        man, whom many Poles despise for declar-
    Russian energy giant Gazprom late last week              On Dec. 13, 1981, the arrests and jailings        It also included some supporters of mar-       leaflets about the anniversary of martial law.    ing martial law, is still alive.
set a gas price limit for Belarus at $119 (82 euro)      started. Radio and television programs were        tial law, who contend that Russian troops         When the tram arrived at the stop where the          As in previous years, those who gathered
per 1,000 cubic meters for the first quarter of 2008,
a day after President Vladimir Putin promised
                                                         halted. Newspaper publication was stopped.         would have come into Poland to suppress           leaflet distributors were, sirens began blar-     outside the house included martial law sup-
Minsk to freeze natural gas costs.                       The government prohibited Poles from trav-         the uprising if the Polish government had         ing. The ZOMO forces rushed from the tram         porters. They used candles to spell out the
    Gazprom spokesman Sergei Kuprianov made              eling. The borders were closed. So were            not declared martial law.                         to arrest those distributing leaflets.            message: “We remember.”
the announcement on Echo of Moscow radio, say-           airports. Curfews were imposed. Correspon-            The Civic Responsibility Foundation                In Krakow, Defense Minister Bogdan               Then they fired flares and sang the na-
ing it met with the conditions of the contract signed    dence was censored.                                organized the re-enactment of a clash in          Klich joined the head of an uprising memo-        tional anthem and the patriotic song “Rota.”
in Dec. 31, 2006. In comparision, gas prices in the          One hundred thousand police and soldiers       Warsaw. The “government” forces included          rial organization in opening an exhibition        At the end they shouted “Murderer” and
first quarter of this year were at $100 per 1,000        enforced martial law. Their enforcement            young men wearing uniforms, a SKOT ar-            titled “Poland’s Undergound State – Solidar-      “Down with Communists.”
cubic meters. In late 2006, relations between Mos-       tools included 1,750 tanks and armored ve-         mored vehicle, a Nysa military car and water      ity.” Wladyslaw Bartoszewski is chairman             Jaroslaw Krajewski, chairman of the Law
cow and Minsk soured over a sudden increase in
gas prices.
                                                         hicles. Martial law, which the government          cannons for dispersing crowds. The “mili-         of the Committee to Preserve the Memory           and Justice party’s Warsaw Forum of The
    Until then the former Soviet state had benefit-      declared after a Solidarity-led general upris-     tary” pitched a tent in front of the Wizytki      of Fighting and Martyrdom.                        Young, said Poles have an obligation to re-
ted from a special price, which had been a key way       ing, lasted 586 days, until July 22, 1983.         Church and Convent.                                   A Jagiellonian University exhibition dealt    member the victims of the uprising. “That is
for Moscow to show support for Belarus’s authori-            In the first week after the declaration           The re-enactment of the clash between          with the Independent Student Association’s        why we come here every year,” he said.
tarian leader Alexander Lukashenko.                      of a security emergency, the government            the ZOMO units and the anti-government            role in the uprising and in battling martial         Jaruzelski’s supporters rallied behind the
    Belarus is again on Moscow’s good side after         put 5,000 people in prisons or internment          forces came in the evening in the Bemowo          law. Priests at the Church of Saint Anna          slogan “Let history judge the general.”
Lukashenko, a political pariah in the EU and the         camps. At one time or another during mar-          district.                                         said a mass to commemorate martial law               They contended that Jaruzelski chose the
U.S., told Putin at a summit that Minsk backed           tial law, about 10,000 people served time in          “We need to show the dark side of his-         victims.                                          lesser of two evils. If he had not introduced
Russia’s opposition to U.S. plans to install part of a
missile defense shield in Eastern Europe.
                                                         49 internment camps. Many were leaders of          tory” so it won’t fade from our memories,             Another memorial mass was held at the         martial law, they say, the Russian army
    Putin reassured Lukashenko that Russia would         the trade union movement Solidarity and the        said Artur Luszczak, who played one of the        Mariacka Basilica. Afterwards, mass par-          would have entered Poland, causing enor-
not raise prices for natural gas, also promising         advisers and intellectuals connected with          soldiers. “Many old people do not remem-          ticipants, politicians and former Solidarity      mous bloodshed.
there would be no obstacles to delivery of Rus-          it. Fifty-six people were killed during the        ber or do not want to remember” the up-           members marched to the Katyn Cross in                “Jaruzelski should be respected for mak-
sian supplies this winter through Belarus to the         strikes and demonstrations.                        risings, he said. “The young do not know”         Saint Idzi Square to pay homage to those          ing such a hard decision and bearing the re-
EU. (AFP)                                                    Last week Poland marked the 26th an-           what happened.                                    who had fought to free Poland.                    sponsibility for it with honor and dignity,”
                                                         niversary of the introduction of martial law,         Poznan’s celebration included a spe-               As has become a tradition, on the nights      said Krzysztof Mroz of the organization
Norway takes over NATO                                   the bitterly despised clampdown that has-          cial “war tram,” with a former Solidarity         of Dec. 12 and Dec. 13 opponents of martial       Right of the Polish Left.
patrols of Baltic skies



                                                         Valuable primeval forest under threat
   Norway late last week took over a NATO mis-
sion patroling the skies of the three Baltic states
bordering Russia, the Lithuanian Defense Ministry
said. Norwegian pilots will patrol the air space of
the alliance’s new members using four F-16 fight-
ers deployed at the Zokniai air base in northern
Lithuania. Some 60 members of the Norwegian
military will be deployed at the base, the ministry                      Zofia Owczarek                     being situated within the Polish borders.         result in the loss of a prestigious FSC (For-     certificate of the European Council. To
said. This is Norway’s second time as head of the
security mission which it took over from the Por-
                                                                         STAFF JOURNALIST                      The forest’s value lies primarily in the       est Stewardship Council) certificate given        prevent further loggings of the old-growth
tuguese military.                                                                                           fact that, thanks to early protection, until      for quality management.                           forest, WWF has launched a campaign to
   Other members of the 26-nation North Atlantic            Environmental organizations are rais-           the 20th Century the vast majority of the            And of even greater concern, Bialowi-          extend the Bialowieski National Park to
Treaty Organzation (NATO) have taken turns pa-           ing the alarm about the management of              forest escaped the detrimental influences of      eski National Park could cease being reg-         cover the entire forest.
trolling the skies of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania      Poland’s – and Europe’s – most valuable            civilization and agriculture.                     istered by UNESCO as Poland’s only natu-             However, the campaign is certain to
since the three Baltic states joined the alliance in     primeval forest: the Bialowieska Forest.              But after World War I, illegal logging         ral item on the list of the world’s cultural      meet resistance from the local people, be-
March 2004. The three Baltic republics which re-            Ecologists are alarmed by the heavy log-        began posing a threat to the integrity of the     heritages.                                        cause many employers depend on the tim-
gained their independence from the crumbling So-         ging in areas of the forest not protected by       natural woods.                                       In 2006 the forest was visited by profes-      ber economy.
viet Union in 1991, lack the aircraft and personnel
to police their skies themselves. (AFP)
                                                         the Bialowieski National Park.                        “There is no other forest like this through-   sor Eckhart Kuijken from the European                “No other trees are being logged other
                                                            The World Wide Fund for Nature has              out Europe,” Stefan Jakimiuk of WWF Po-           Council, who was displeased with the man-         than the ones attacked by bark beetles,” said
Russian stands accused of                                already collected 100,000 signatures in an         land told the newspaper Dziennik.                 agement by State Forests.                         Bogumil Olszynski, a retired forester from
                                                         appeal to protect these areas.                        However, only 17 percent of the price-            “I found that the policies of the area’s su-   Hajnowka, a town adjacent to the forest.
killing 40 women in Ukraine                                 The appeal is to be handed to President         less area is protected as Bialowieski Na-         pervisors are still aimed at financial profit,”      “There is no other way to fight the in-
    The trial of a Russian ex-convict accused of rap-    Lech Kaczynski. Bialowieska Forest is              tional Park. The rest is still being logged.      he told Dziennik. “Procedures applied here        sect, as no chemicals are allowed in the
ing and killing dozens of young women and girls          without a doubt the oldest and most pre-              The management of the area by State            were valid years ago, while now ecologi-          park area.”
has opened in Ukraine, a court official said late last   cious woodland in Europe. It constitutes an        Forests was already questioned by the Su-         cal recommendations are of higher impor-             Still, WWF and other environmental or-
week. Sergey Tkach, a 55-year-old father of five         area of 150,000 hectares.                          preme Chamber of Control at the beginning         tance.”                                           ganizations hope that the new Polish min-
who has been married three times, is accused of             Most of the forest – 87,500 hectares – be-      of this year.                                        Kuijken’s report might result in the Bi-       ister of the environment will take their ap-
committing some 40 murders in the east and south
                                                         longs to Belarus, with only 62,500 hectares           Now, the alleged mismanagement might           alowieska Forest being deprived of the            peals into account.
of the country, the regional prosecutor’s office
said. Tkach is also suspected of 40 other murders
currently under investigation, while another 60



                                                                        Happy Holidays and a Happy New Year!
crimes, some committed in Russia, have not been
investigated yet, the prosecutor’s office said.
    “The trial of Sergey Tkach started behind
closed doors to protect the rights of victims’ rela-
tives,” a spokeswoman for the prosecutors, Svit-
lana Tchorna, told AFP.
    Tkach was arrested in southern Ukraine in 2005,
where he had been living. He came to Ukraine in                                                    We wish our readers, journalists and advertisers a wonderful
1982 from Kemerovo in Siberia, Russia, where he
had worked for the police.                                                                         holiday season and a prosperous New Year. Thank you all for
    Young women and girls started disappear-
ing in 1984 in the Dnipropetrovsk region where
Tkach was living, the Interior Ministry said. His
                                                                                                   being with us through 2007. We will be suspending our weekly
lawyer Yuri Syrotynko said he had confessed but
did not specify exactly to what. Tkach was judged
                                                                                                   news service for the holidays, and rejoin you on Jan. 10 of
sane and will stand trial, which is expected to last
at least six months. He faces a lifetime in solitary
                                                                                                   the New Year. We look forward to seeing you in 2008!
confinement if found guilty, as the death penalty in
Ukraine was abolished in 2000. (AFP)
DECEMBER 20-JANUARY 9, 2008                                                                                                  P O L A N D                                                                                                    The Krakow Post                           3


    Polish PM                                        Major political changes in 2007                                                                                                                                                     Young Poles
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          remember
   wants troops                                                                                                                                                                                                                         martial law on



                                                    cc:sa:Marek Silarski
   out of Iraq in                                                                                                                                                                                                                     streets of Warsaw
   October 2008                                                                                                                                                                                                                               AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Tanks and militiamen sporting Kalash-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     nikovs appeared on the streets of Warsaw
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     late last week in events marking 26 years
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     to the day since the 1981 Communist
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     crackdown against Poland’s Solidarity
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     movement.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         “Learning about that time from books
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     is one thing, but we want to bring his-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     tory alive, to make people remember and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     to learn directly from their experience,”
           AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE                                                                                                                                                                                                      Damian Pietrzyk told AFP. Dressed in the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     khaki green military garb of a Communist-
      Prime Minister Donald Tusk said late          Agriculture Minister Andrzej Lepper (Center).                                                                                                                                    era militiaman, the 20-year-old Warsaw
  last week he wants to end the country’s Iraq                                                                                                                                                                                       University law student is keen to hear the
  deployment in October 2008 in line with his                                  Michal Wojtas                         tive voters.                                             that decreased Poles’ trust in politicians.            stories of passers-by who, unlike himself,
  election pledge.                                                            STAFF JOURNALIST                           Prime Minister Donald Tusk’s Civic Platform               The biggest was what government investiga-        remember communism all too well.
      “At the request of the minister of de-                                                                         party won big in the elections, obtaining 42 per-        tors say was Agriculture Ministry officials’ efforts        “Its not easy for my generation to imag-
  fense, we, as the government, are submit-             The year 2007 brought many changes to Po-                    cent of the vote. While having to give up the reins      to obtain bribes. The bribes were to be taken for      ine that time,” says Pietrzyk.
  ting a request with the president to prolong      land’s political scene. Some people and parties                  of government, Law and Justice topped its 2005           changing the status of rural land in Mazury, a re-         “Bringing it back to the streets is a good
  the mandate until October 2008 to enable us       gained power. Others suffered heavy losses or                    performance with 32 percent of the votes.                gion in northeast Poland. The Central Anti-Cor-        way to remember those who died and how
  to complete the mission,” Tusk told journal-      even dropped out of the political scene.                             The voter turnout was 54 percent of the elec-        ruption Bureau was investigating the issue when        far Poland has come.”
  ists. He also said he would visit Iraq before         The main turning point for all of the players                torate – or roughly 17 mln people. That made it the      the situation became public.                               The young Pole took part in the “Young-
  Christmas to announce the end of the mis-         was the parliamentary elections of Oct. 21. The                  biggest in post-Communist Poland.                            News of the investigation led to potential wit-    sters Remember” event organized by the
  sion to Polish soldiers.                          voting came after the Law and Justice party-led                      Two other parties managed to get seats in the        nesses clamming up. So far the government has          Polish Foundation for Civic Responsibility.
      Tusk said he hoped President Lech Kac-        government dissolved parliament and scheduled a                  lower house: the Left and Democrats with 13 per-         failed to bring any charges in this case.              A re-enactment of a street-clash between
  zynski, whose party was defeated by Tusk’s        snap election after two years in office.                         cent and Polish Peasants’ Party with 9 percent. The          Tomasz Lipiec, the sports minister in the Kac-     pro-Solidarity protestors and infamous
  Civic Platform in the October elections,               Prime Minister Jaroslaw Kaczynski had little                Civic Platform party asked the peasants party to         zynski government was arrested on allegations of       ZOMO militiamen was planned for later
  would not block the withdrawal.                   choice. His coalition with two smaller parties – the             join it in forming a governing coalition.                bribery in October. Prosecutors accuse him of tak-     Thursday along with seminars and a Catho-
      Kaczynski has repeatedly said he wants        Self-Defense party and the League of Polish Fami-                    The Self-Defense party got two percent of the        ing bribery in the awarding of the contract to build   lic mass commemorating martial law vic-
  Polish forces to remain in Iraq. The previ-       lies – disintegrated in August due to several scan-              vote and the League of Polish families one percent       the National Sports Center.                            tims. In one of the most dramatic episodes
  ous government, led by Kaczynski’s twin           dals and ongoing tension.                                        – far below the 5 percent threshhold needed for              In July, Self-Defense parliamentarian Stanislaw    of modern Polish history, then prime min-
  brother Jaroslaw Kaczynski, also supported            That led to the Civic Platform party ousting                 lower-house seats. Neither is likely to play an in-      Lyzwinski was charged with raping of Urszula K.,       ister General Wojciech Jaruzelski ordered
  maintaining Poland’s deployment in Iraq.          Law and Justice.                                                 fluential role in Polish politics again, analysts say.   who claimed she was raped after asking Lyzwinski       the military crackdown on the fledgling
      Tusk’s liberal party dealt a stinging elec-       In the 2005 elections the Law and Justice party                  Law and Justice leaders are looking for a new        for a job. During the election campaign, prosecu-      anti-Communist Solidarity trade union
  tion defeat to the Kaczynskis’ right-wing         won the most seats with 27 percent of the vote.                  strategy for returning to power.                         tors charged Civic Platform parliamentarian Beata      movement. While opponents contend it was
  Law and Justice party.                            Its main rival, the Civic Platform party, got 25                      Law and Justice attracted few of Poland’s           Sawicka with bribery for setting up a tender of a      designed to re-enforce the Communist par-
      During the election campaign, Tusk had        percent.                                                         young voters in the 2005 election. It also fared         parcel in Hel, a city in northern Poland.              ty’s grip on power on the heels of a massive
  promised to withdraw from Iraq, and in a              Four other parties earned seats in the lower                 poorly in the big cities. One of its biggest chal-           In the year 2007 high-profile politicians an-      wave of unprecedented strikes organized by
  speech outlining his policies to parliament       house that year: the: populist Self-Defense party,               lenges will be reversing those trends.                   nounced their withdrawal from public life. Former      Solidarity, Jaruzelski himself argues it was
  on Nov. 23, he promised that Poland would         with 11 percent of the vote; the Alliance of the                     Another problem the party needs to deal with is      two-term President Aleksander Kwasniewski came         the only way to prevent a potentially cata-
  wind up its mission by the end of 2008. Tusk      Democratic Left, with 11 percent, the League of                  what some complain is the leadership’s inability to      back to lead Left and Democrats party’s election       strophic invasion by Soviet troops.
  had made political capital of the issue in a      Polish Families with 8 percent and the Polish Peas-              accommodate diverse views.                               campaign. When the party faltered in the balloting,        However, few historians believe any
  pre-election televised debate with Jaroslaw       ants’ Party with 7 percent.                                           The membership recently re-elected Kaczyn-          he said he would not return to politics again.         such invasion was on the cards.
  Kaczynski, demanding: “What gives you                 Two years later, voter sentiment had changed,                ski as chairman. But some members say they are               Jan Rokita, whom some political analysts in            Key Solidarity members including union
  the right, you and your brother, to extend the    with more favoring the two largest parties over the              unhappy with his refusal to listen to other views.       early 2007 believed would be Civic Platform’s          leader Lech Walesa and Poland’s current
  mission in Iraq ... to put the lives of Polish    smaller ones. Political journalists maintained that              Prominent members Kazimierz Ujazdowski and               prime minister if the party pulled off an election     President Lech Kaczynski were imprisoned
  soldiers at risk?”                                this shift was bringing Poland closer to a two-party             Pawel Zalewski left the party last week after an         victory, left the party shortly before the October     along with thousands of other dissident.
      Jaroslaw Kaczynski had responded that         system.                                                          argument with the former prime minister.                 elections.                                                 Telephone lines were cut, media blacked
  Poles “have never been deserters or cow-              Law and Justice’s former coalition partners, the                 Civic Platform’s future appears bright but ma-           One reason was that several run-ins with Tusk      out, borders closed and public mobility was
  ards.” According to a recent poll, some 85        Self-Defense party and the League of Polish Fami-                jor challenges await Tusk and his cohort.                had hurt his standing in the party. Another was that   severely restricted by curfews and strict
  percent of Poles are against their soldiers       lies, had almost no support in October’s elections.                   Doctors’, nurses’ and teachers’ strikes last        his wife Nelly had taken an important in President     travel restrictions. Tragically, 56 people are
  being deployed in Iraq, while only 12.1 per-          A key reason the Self-Defense party was bat-                 summer diminished popular support for Kaczyns-           Lech Kaczynski’s office.                               known to have perished during the brutal
  cent back the deployment.                         tered was scandal. The most prominent party                      ki’s government. The issues that caused the strikes          In January, Leszek Balcerowicz ended his term      crackdown. Martial law was formally lifted
      Polish forces have been present in Iraq       member to be accused of a crime – bribery – was                  are still unresolved.                                    as chairman of the National Bank of Poland and         on July 22, 1983. The Solidarity movement
  since the start of U.S.-led military action in    Agriculture Minister Andrzej Lepper, the Self-De-                     The opposition will be ready to pounce if the       decided to found a non-governmental organiza-          re-surfaced nationwide in a fresh wave of
  2003. It had 2,600 troops in Iraq in 2003 but     fense chairman.                                                  ruling coalition is unable to deal with medical          tion. He was the key author of the plan to turn Po-    strikes during the late 1980s paving the
  the number has been slashed to 900 at pres-           Law and Justice capitalized on Self-Defense’s                practitioners’ and teachers’ grievances – and any        land into a free-market economy in the early 1990s     way to Poland’s famous Round Table talks
  ent. Twenty-two Polish soldiers have been         disintegration by picking up many of its conserva-               other important domestic matter.                         and also former chairman of the centrist Freedom       which brought a bloodless end to commu-
  killed in Iraq.                                                                                                        As in previous years, 2007 brought scandals          Union party.                                           nism in watershed elections in 1989.




Czech-U.S. deal within view on anti-missile radar sites
                                                                                  AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE                 as the provision of emergency flights
                                                                                                                       to the base and the obligations of
                                                                              Czech and U.S. negotiators late          Czech authorities to police a security
                                                                           last week said they had made prog-          zone around it, Rood added.
                                                                           ress in talks aimed at a deal over the         The proposed Czech radar would
                                                                           siting of part of a U.S. anti-missile       be paired with 10 interceptor mis-
                                                                           defense shield in the Czech Repub-          siles in neighboring Poland which
                                                                           lic – but refused to set a target for       could counter the threat of an attack
                                                                           their completion.                           from “rogue” states, such as Iran, ac-
                                                                              “I think we are making very good         cording to Washington. Rood said
                                                                           progress I do not think we will need a      that the U.S. still holds the view that
                                                                           tremendously large number of future         “the missile threat from Iran and
                                                                           [negotiating] rounds if we continue to      similar countries is real and growing
                                                                           make the progress we have made so           and continues to evolve.”
                                                                           far,” commented U.S. Assistant Sec-            Iran was continuing its missile
                                                                           retary of State John Rood in a joint        development program. “It remains
                                                                           news conference with Czech Deputy           a concern to the U.S. and poses a
                                                                           Foreign Minister Tomas Pojar.               threat to our NATO allies,” he add-
                                                                              “The finish line is certainly within     ed. As well as two general agree-
                                                                           view but predicting exactly when we         ments setting out the framework for
                                                                           will reach those dates is something I       the radar’s operation and the rules
                                                                           have cautiously avoided so far,” he         governing the foreign base, a third
                                                                           added.                                      agreement allowing Czech firms and
                                                                              A final deal looks possible “within      businesses to take part in the general
                                                                           a few small months, but we do not           anti-missile development is also be-
                                                                           rule out that it could be within a few      ing discussed, Pojar said.
                                                                           weeks,” Pojar said, adding that the            Czech opposition to the U.S. radar
                                                                           Czech side was still studying simi-         has however climbed to 68 percent
                                                                           lar deals between the U.S. and other        according to a survey by the CVVM
                                                                           countries to “get the best possible         institute published this week, com-
                                                                           result.”                                    pared with 65 percent in June.
                                                                              Pojar said six of the 18 negotiating        A referendum on whether to host
                                                                           chapters being discussed had been           the base is wanted by 73 percent of
                                                                           closed and another three or four were       the population according to the same
                                                                           close to being sealed. “On about half       survey. The center-right government
                                                                           of the text there is no accord,” he         in power since the start of the year
                                                                           added.                                      has resolutely refused a referendum
                                                                              Progress in the latest talks had         saying lawmakers in parliament
Czech Deputy Foreign Minister Tomas Pojar.                                 been made on “safety aspects” such          should approve the project.
4         The Krakow Post                                                                                             P O L A N D                                                                 DECEMBER 20-JANUARY 9, 2008

R E G I O N A L

Latvia and Russia seal
long-delayed border treaty
                                     N E W S
                                                         German town becoming Polish suburb
                                                                                                                                                                                                              munist EU newcomers join the borderless




                                                         GFDL 1.2:J23-007
    Latvia and Russia sealed their long-delayed                                                                                                                                                               Schengen zone from Dec. 21, it will boost
border treaty in a public ceremony early this                                                                                                                                                                 Loecknitz’s existing draws for Poles.
week, 16 years after the Baltic state regained its                                                                                                                                                                The town is only a 20-minute drive from
independence from the Soviet Union.
    Latvian Foreign Minster Maris Riekstins ex-
                                                                                                                                                                                                              central Szczecin, and has schools, hospitals,
changed ratification documents with his Russian                                                                                                                                                               a gym and other leisure facilities, as well as
counterpart Sergei Lavrov, who is on an official                                                                                                                                                              being set in the largely unspoilt Pomerania
visit to Riga.                                                                                                                                                                                                region. Polish property hunters also get far
    The border accord between Latvia and its So-                                                                                                                                                              more for their money. Real estate prices have
viet-era overlord, which had been on ice for more                                                                                                                                                             spiralled in Poland in the past three years,
than a decade, had already been approved by law-                                                                                                                                                              but have barely changed in Loecknitz.
makers and the countries’ leaders. The formal ex-                                                                                                                                                                 Marek Fiuk, 30, bought a magnificent
change of documents was the final hurdle before
it could come into force.
                                                                                                                                                                                                              red-brick farmhouse near Loecknitz with
    Latvia broke free from the crumbling Soviet                                                                                                                                                               his brother several weeks ago. The price tag:
Union in 1991, after five decades of Kremlin                                                                                                                                                                  under 50,000 euro ($73,000).
control, and completed border talks with Russia                                                                                                                                                                   “For that, I’d have been able to buy a
in 1997.                                                                                                                                                                                                      studio apartment in Szczecin, around 32-35
    But the draft treaty was only signed by both                                                                                                                                                              square meters. In other words, nothing,” he
countries’ prime ministers in March, after being                                                                                                                                                              said, smiling.
held up by differences over territory which is now                                                                                                                                                                “Here I’ve got a whole house. I always
in Russia but was part of independent Latvia be-
fore World War II.
                                                                                                                                                                                                              dreamed of that.”
    The spat compounded Moscow’s annoyance                                                                                                                                                                        Fiuk is also planning to set up the head-
with Latvia for joining NATO and the EU in                                                                                                                                                                    quarters of his multimedia firm in his new-
2004.                                                                                                                                                                                                         found home.
    Latvia’s 276-kilometer (164-mile) border with                                                                                                                                                                 “I travel a lot to Germany for work, and
Russia has since 2004 become one of the eastern-                                                                                                                                                              now I’m going to live there. And from Dec.
most frontiers of the EU.                                                                                                                                                                                     21, there won’t be any border checks. You
    Latvia’s neighbor Estonia, which was also                                                                                                                                                                 won’t have to show your ID card, which is
ruled by Moscow until 1991, is now the only
post-Communist EU member state still to fix its
                                                                                                                                                                                                              sometimes pretty tiresome,” he said.
border with Russia, because of political differ-                                                                                                                                                                  Maria Theresia Odentall, head of Loeck-
ences. (AFP)                                                                                                                                                                                                  nitz’s municipal housing office, said that all
                                                                                                                                                                                                              the homes bought by the newcomers had
Most EU states ready to                                  Little by little, Loecknitz is being transformed into a cross-border suburb of Szczecin, as Poles go hunting for real estate bargains.               been on the market for years.
sign pact with Serbia                                                                                                                                                                                             “The Poles do these places up,” she said.
                                                                               AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE             bargains. They now make up 10 percent of       the Soviet-dominated bloc, which collapsed     Less well-off Poles also opt to rent in Loeck-
    A majority of EU nations want to sign a pact                                                                the population.                                from 1989.                                     nitz.
on closer ties with Serbia, perhaps as soon as next         Poland is bracing to join the Schengen                 “After joining the EU in 2004, Poles           After East and West Germany were re-            “Three years ago, 15 percent of municipal
month, Czech European Affairs Minister Alexandr          passport-free zone this week, but dozens                                                                                                             apartments in Loecknitz were empty. Now
Vonda said late last week. He said that, with the
                                                                                                                started looking for apartments and houses      united in 1990 – bringing the ex-Communist
                                                         of its citizens have already helped melt the           on the German side,” said estate agent Jan     state into the EU – the town felt the chill    it’s around one percent,” Odentall said. In
EU supporting moves by the Serbian province of
Kosovo to break away, the bloc was keen to dem-          frontier by snapping up property in a small            Rybski, who is himself Polish.                 wind of economic crisis. Its young people      public, the Polish influx does not appear to
onstrate that Belgrade has a European future to          German border town.                                       “Loecknitz is turning back into what it     left in droves to look for work in the west,   have caused bad feeling.
stop it from turning toward Russia.                         Loecknitz, a 3,000-strong community in              was before the war,” he told AFP.              investors shied away, and today around a           “At the beginning, we had to get used to
    “I’m in favour of a political approach,” Vonda       northeast Germany, lies in the hinterland of              Until 1945, Loecknitz was a well-heeled     quarter of the population is jobless. Across   it. Now it doesn’t bother us at all,” said 83-
told reporters on the sidelines of an EU summit in       Szcezcin, a Polish port city of some 420,000           district of the then German city of Stettin.   the border in Poland, meanwhile, the once-     year-old resident Anne Marie Hedwig.
Brussels. He said the EU should do its best to con-      people.                                                   But the Polish-German border was shifted    shambolic economy gathered steam in the            Nonetheless, Germany’s far-right NPD
clude a Stabilisation and Association Agreement             Little by little, Loecknitz is being trans-                                                                                                       party, which is hostile to Polish migrants,
“no later” than the end of January.
                                                                                                                westwards after Germany lost World War II.     1990s, and has powered ahead since the
                                                         formed into a cross-border suburb of Szc-              Loecknitz found itself in Communist-ruled      country joined the EU.                         won almost 21 percent of the vote in Loeck-
    “Our interest is to keep Kosovo under European
influence ... and to keep Serbia under European in-      zecin, as Poles go hunting for real estate             East Germany. Poland also became part of          When Poland and seven other ex-Com-         nitz in regional elections last year.
fluence rather than Russian influence,” he said.



                                                         Secondary school students can read, not count
    The only real obstacle to a signature of the ac-
cord – a first step for Balkans states to join the
EU – is that former Bosnian Serb leader Radovan
Kardzic and his war-time military chief Ratko
Mladic are still at large.
    The two have been indicted for genocide by the
UN war crimes tribunal over the 1995 Srebrenica                                               THE KRAKOW POST
massacre of about 8,000 Muslim men and boys
– the worst atrocity in Europe since World War II.          Assessments of teenage Polish students in 2006 showed that they
The EU has always insisted that Serbia’s EU future
                                                         performed best in reading tasks, while they had difficulty applying their
depends on full cooperation with the International
Criminal Tribunal for former Yugoslavia, baseed          mathematical and scientific knowledge to practical problems outside of
in The Hague, The Netherlands.                           school. The Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) recent-
    UN chief war crimes prosecutor Carla Del Pon-        ly published the results of tests taken by more than 400,000 15-year-olds
te, whose mandate ends at the end of the month,          from 58 countries around the world. The research has been carried out by
said this week that full cooperation meant getting       PISA since 2000.
Mladic, whom she says has been hiding in Serbia,            It gathers information useful for projects to improve the quality of edu-
behind bars. Del Ponte has been supported by The         cational systems.
Netherlands and Belgium.
                                                            The tests, conducted every three years, are aimed at assessing the prac-
    But several countries, led by Italy, have been de-
manding that the pact be signed quickly to staunch       tical skills of secondary school students in three main areas: reading com-
Serbian anger as it parts with its ethnic-Albanian       prehension, mathematical skills and scientific literacy.
majority southern territory, almost certainly by            “In reading, Polish teenagers are above average, which is a significant
May. Signing in January would provide a boost for        improvement within the last couple of years,” Michal Fedorowicz, the
pro-European Serbian President Boris Tadic as he         manager of the PISA 2006 research team in Poland, told the daily news-
confronts the nationalists in presidential elections     paper Gazeta Wyborcza. Polish students ranked 8th overall among the
set for Jan. 20. If Dutch objections are overcome,       58 countries.
diplomats said that the trade and aid pact could be
                                                            In the remaining two categories, however, the Polish did not do as well.
signed at the next meeting of EU foreign ministers
on Jan. 28 in Brussels.                                  Independent thinking by means of theoretical knowledge both in science
    In an interview with Le Soir newspaper in Bel-       and mathematics are their weakest points, as reflected by the 23rd and
gium, Del Ponte expressed concern that Europe            25th-place rankings, respectively.
appeared to be backing away from its past tough             “Our students have considerable knowledge, but they fail to use it in
stance on Serbia.                                        their own reasoning or experiment planning,” Ewa Bartnik of the PISA
    “Serbia only cooperates when it’s under pres-        2006 team told the newspaper Rzeczpospolita.
sure and that must continue,” she said. “I am               She said the Polish educational system might be to blame.
stunned by the attitude of France, Germany and
                                                            Practical skills in science are hardly ever required at schools, and most
Italy who want to soften their position.”
    “As these decisions are taken by unanimity, I’m      students don’t even have the opportunity to carry out experiments during
counting on Belgium and The Netherlands,” she            lessons. A similar problem concerns mathematics.
said.                                                       “Polish teenagers perform excellently as long as the task is imitative,”
    In conclusions from their summit, the EU’s           Fedorowicz said. The conclusion is that Polish schools fail to teach prob-
leaders expressed confidence that Serbia’s “prog-        lem solving, which might cause problems when the students have to ad-               Assessments of teenage Polish students in 2006 showed that they performed best in reading tasks, while
ress on the road towards the EU, including candi-        just to the job market in the future.                                               they had difficulty applying their mathematical and scientific knowledge.
date status, can be accelerated.” (AFP)



                                                         Officers arrest 29 in child porn swoop
Ukraine parliament names
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         GDFL 1.2:Nevit Dilmen




pro-Western foreign minister
    Ukraine’s parliament named a strongly pro-
Western foreign minister early this week after
picking Orange Revolution leader Yulia Tymosh-                              AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE        ments, private homes and busi-        handles criminal intelligence and
enko as prime minister.                                                                                 nesses across the country and the     helps to coordinate police work
    The parliament voted 227-0 for Volodymyr                Polish police detained 29 Poles             seizure of 34 computers, 24 hard      across the EU.
Ogryzko, who has been serving as deputy foreign          on suspicion of possessing and                 drives and 5,000 CDs, videos cas-        Several of the suspects con-
minister and favours the ex-Soviet republic joining      copying child pornography via the              settes with paedophile content,”      fessed to acquiring child pornogra-
NATO and the EU.                                         internet, in an operation sparked              police spokesman Robert Horosz        phy over the internet during police
    Opposition deputies, who oppose the NATO             by a tip-off from the EU body Eu-              told AFP.                             questioning, he said.
bid and back closer ties with Russia, boycotted the
vote. Tymoshenko, who helped lead the pro-de-
                                                         ropol, a spokesman told AFP late                  “We took action after receiving       In March of this year Polish
mocracy Orange Revolution in 2004, earlier won           last week.                                     a tip from Europol at The Hague,”     police detained 33 suspects in a
the post of prime minister. The pro-Russian oppo-           “We’ve detained 29 individuals              Horosz said. Europol is an EU         crackdown against an internet pae-
sition also boycotted that vote. (AFP)                   following a search of 34 apart-                law enforcement organzation that      dophile ring.                          Police have detained 29 Poles on suspicion of child pornography.
DECEMBER 20-JANUARY 9, 2008                                                                               P O L A N D                                                                                            The Krakow Post                        5



Cave-in kills two
 in copper mine                                                                                           Gravediggers
           AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE

   Two miners perished and five were in-
jured in a cave-in in a Polish copper mine
                                                                                                         are to be taught
                                                                                                         proper language
in Rudna, southwest Poland, mine officials
in Katowice said late last week.
   The cave-in occurred 1,050 meters (3,445
feet) underground following a seismic jolt.
A 33-year-old miner was killed instantly
while rescuers found the body of the second
victim, mine official Edyta Tomaszewska
told the Polish Press Agency (PAP).
   Five miners were hospitalised with light
injuries while 22 others were able to escape
the danger zone unscathed, Tomaszewska
                                                                                                               THE KRAKOW POST                  paper Dziennik Lodzki.




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           LUK Agency
said.                                                                                                                                               She, like many other offend-
   One miner was killed and a further three                                                                 In modern language, slang           ed families, complained to the
injured in a similar cave-in in February in                                                             expressions are abundant.               owner of the funeral parlor. The
the same copper mine owned by Poland’s                                                                      Slang can enhance the sense         numerous complaints resulted
KGHM mining conglomerate.                                                                               of belonging to a group, while at       in the undertakers’ decision to
   Poland’s worst mine disaster in 30 years                                                             the same time it makes the lan-         provide gravediggers with spe-
occurred in November 2006 in the Halemba                                                                guage more vivid.                       cial training on the proper use of
                                                                                                            Its use rarely causes prob-         language while at work. The task
coal mine in the southern Silesian coal ba-
                                                                                                        lems, except in some particular         has been entrusted to the care of
sin. Twenty-three miners were killed in a                                                               cases, as has lately become evi-        a renowned linguist, professor
methane explosion.                                                                                      dent to Polish gravediggers.            Jerzy Bralczyk.
                                                                                                            The language used by Polish             “The problem is that although


  New bird flu outbreak at farm
                                                                                                        cemetery workers leaves much            words such as ‘corpse’ are so
                                                                                                        to be desired, according to re-         common to the people in our
                                                                                                        search carried out by Monika            business, they sound demean-
                                                                                                        Mroz, a young lawyer.                   ing to the families who suffer
                                                                                                            In her master’s thesis, she         the loss of a beloved husband
                                                                                                        studied the use of expressions          or mother,” said Tomasz Salski,
                                                                                                        concerning death and the dead           chairman of the Polish Crema-
                                                                                                        by this professional group.             tion Association of Cemetery
                                                                                                            Her findings are alarming to        Administrators and Funeral Di-
                                                                                                        the undertakers and cemetery            rectors. “We therefore should do
                                                                                                        owners.                                 our best to be most considerate
                                                                                                            Given the data collected by         and tactful.”
                                                                                                        the young researcher, one can no            Professor Bralczykis faces a
                                                                                                        longer be surprised at the large        challenge. Polish language does
                                                                                                        number of complaints issued by          not abound in expressions con-
                                                                                                        bereaved family members about           cerning eternal matters. Still, he
                                                                                                        gravediggers’ language.                 is enthusiastic about the under-
                                                                                                            Loosely translated, a “pen-         takers’ endeavor.
                                                                                                        dant” means the corpse of a                 “It is admirable that they
                                                                                                        hanged man, a “buoy” the body           want to improve,” the linguist
                                                                                                        of a drowned one.                       said. “In the situations they have
                                                                                                            “Oak overcoat,” “box” and           to face on a daily basis, even
                                                                                                        “pencil case” all denote a coffin.      neutral words acquire a trace of
                                                                                                        Colorful as it is, the gravedig-        cruelty. The most vital thing is to
                                                                                                        ger’s tongue can be extremely           refer to the dead as ‘people,’ thus
                                                                                                        offensive to the friends and rela-      stressing their humanity.”
                                                                                                        tions of the deceased.                      The training for cemetery
                                                                                                            “When I heard my cousin be-         workers will be in the form of
                                                                                                        ing referred to as a ‘stiff biscuit,’   lectures and workshops. Profes-
                                                                                                        I just couldn’t help bursting into      sor Bralczykis will visit several
                                                                                                        tears,” Teresa Janik, a shop assis-     cities, teaching a total of 3,000 to
                                                                                                        tant from Poznan, told the news-        5,000 people.



            AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE

   Poland has been hit by a fresh outbreak
of bird flu, authorities told the Polish Press
                                                 ary in Poland’s northwestern lake region of
                                                 Mazuria were also found to have died from
                                                 H5N1.
                                                                                                    Russian missile unacceptable
                                                    Poland was also hit by the virus last year,
Agency (PAP) early this week, with the           but it only affected wild birds, and this year’s              AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE                            Russia has strongly objected to the plans,
deadly H5N1 virus confirmed at a small           outbreaks are the first among poultry.                                                                     considering them a threat to its security.
northern poultry farm.                              Since the latest outbreak began, veteri-           Prime Minister Donald Tusk judged                       On Saturday, Russia’s army chief of
   Infected birds were discovered at a small     nary authorities have as a precaution ordered      “unacceptable” late last week a warning by              staff Yury Baluyevsky suggested that a
farm near Milakowo in the northern region        the slaughter of around half a mln domestic        Russia’s army head of a possible retaliation            “mistaken classification of an interceptor
of Ostrada, PAP quoted veterinary service        fowl.                                              if U.S. interceptor missiles planned for de-            missile launch” could trigger a retaliatory
spokesman Adam Wojtaszek was quoted as              Agriculture Minister Marek Sawicki has          ployment in Poland are ever used.                       strike from Moscow, whose security sys-
saying.                                          warned that the outbreak must be brought              “This kind of declaration is unaccept-               tems might misinterpret it as being aimed
   Infected poultry had also been discovered     under control because it could cause major         able. No declaration of this kind will in-              at Russia.
last week in two other small farms in the                                                                                                                                                                     AGENCJA NIERUCHOMOSCI
                                                 economic problems given that the affected          fluence Polish-American negotiations” on                   “When I heard the words of the Russian
same region.                                                                                                                                                                                                     www.property-krakow.com
                                                 areas have a high concentration of poultry         U.S. plans to site 10 interceptor missiles              general on an automatic reaction, I was re-
   Five other outbreaks of the strain, which     farms. Sawicki has promised farmers 100            in Poland, Tusk said in an interview with               minded of the worst period” of the Com-
can also be fatal to humans, have been dis-      percent compensation for their losses.             Poland’s private TVN television channel.                munist era, Tusk said.
covered since the beginning of this month at        The European Commission has since                  The U.S. has also outlined plans for a                  Baluyevsky’s remarks also triggered
larger chicken and turkey farms in central       Dec. 3 banned exports of live poultry, meat        radar base in the Czech Republic. Under                 a sharp reaction from the Czech Foreign
and northern Poland.                             and eggs from the affected areas.                  Washington’s schedule, both would be up                 Ministry which described his language as
   Polish authorities have slapped security         Poland’s fellow EU member and neighbor          and running by 2012 as part of a missile                “unimaginable in the democratic world.”
zones around the affected farms.                 Lithuania has imposed a blanket ban on Pol-        defense shield aimed, the U.S. administra-                 But Tusk also said Warsaw wanted to
   Last week, a stork and two buzzards           ish poultry products, a step likewise taken by     tion says, against a possible missile threat            talk about the missile shield with all parties
which were being cared for at a bird sanctu-     Belarus, Russia and Ukraine.                       from rogue states such as Iran.                         concerned, including Russia.


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6         The Krakow Post                                                                                                    P O L A N D                                                        DECEMBER 20-JANUARY 9, 2008

R E G I O N A L

World’s oldest man dies in
                                     N E W S
                                                              Martin Military contingent in Poles hope
Ukraine, aged 116
   A Ukrainian shepherd believed by some to
be the world’s oldest man has died at the age of
                                                              Pollack  Partnership for Peace for a better
                                                               wins
116, authorities in the western Lviv province an-



                                                                       international program    future
nounced early this week. Grygory Nestor put his
longevity down to never having married: “If I had
had a wife, I would have been in a coffin long


                                                             Angelus
ago,” he told AFP in a recent interview.
   Nestor’s passport and birth certificate put his
date of birth as March 15, 1891, but he is thought




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 LUK Agency
to have been awaiting confirmation from the




                                                                                                           www.isaf.wp.mil
                                                             Central
Guinness Book of World Records when he passed
away.
   The Ukrainian media has claimed him as the
world’s oldest man.



                                                            European
   He remained a shepherd until nearly his 100th
year, and could still read the newspaper without
glasses. He offered a spartan sampling of other
reasons for his long-life: a strict regime of no



                                                            Literature
cigarettes, light drinking and healthy food – but
also a routine of prayer and repentance.
   Nestor died in the town of Stary Yarychiv.
   “In the next world, all will be well,” he once



                                                              Award
said. “And if that’s not the case, a lot of people
will run away.” (AFP)

Poland prepares withdrawal
from Iraq for October 2008
    Poland’s new liberal government late last
week asked conservative President Lech Kaczyn-
ski to extend the country’s mission in Iraq until
the end of October 2008, at which point it wants
                                                             for 2007
a troop withdrawal.                                                  Urszula Ciolkiewicz
    “The government requests the extension of the                      STAFF JOURNALIST
mission of the Polish military contingent in Iraq
to Oct. 31, 2008,” a government statement said.
    “Polish troops and other personnel will carry           Martin Pollack is the winner of the Ange-
                                                         lus Central European Literature Award for                                                                                                                     THE KRAKOW POST
out tasks aimed at ending the mission,” it said.
    Bringing Poland’s 900 troops home from Iraq          2007. The winning book is titled “Smierc
was a key manifesto pledge of Prime Minister             w Bunkrze – Opowiesc o Moim Ojcu”                                                                                                                      Apparently the approaching end of
Donald Tusk’s liberal Civic Platform party, which        (“Death in the Bunker – the Story About                                                                                                             2007 brings out hope for the future
trounced the ruling Law and Justice party in par-        My Father”).                                                                                                                                        among Polish people.
liamentary elections in October.                             Angelus is the most important award in                                                                                                             According to a poll by the Public
    The previous conservative government led by                                                                                                                                                              Opinion Research Center (Centrum
                                                         the field of creative prose translated into
Jaroslaw Kaczynski, the president’s identical twin                                                                                                                                                           Badania Opinii Spolecznej – CBOS),
brother, was intent on maintaining the four-year-        the Polish language.
                                                            The award is presented on an annual ba-                             Joanna Zabierek             locals, the tragedy might not have occurred.     Poles are extremely optimistic and
old Polish presence in Iraq despite widespread
public opposition.                                       sis to writers from Central Europe whose                               STAFF JOURNALIST               The Defense Ministry now recognizes that      positive about ongoing changes in the
    Under Polish law, the president is the coun-         works undertake themes most relevant to                                                            troops not only need battlefield and military-   country and their own financial situa-
try’s commander-in-chief and is responsible for          the present day, encourage reflection and            One of Poland’s top priorities after inde-    intelligence preparation for an overseas mis-    tion. They have not been this enthusi-
approving foreign operations. The current contin-        deepen the world’s knowledge of other             pendence in 1989 was NATO membership.            sion but also specialized knowledge about        astic since 1998.
gent’s deployment to Iraq is due to finish at the        cultures.                                            But being a member of the North Atlantic      the country where they are being deployed           For the first time since the end of
end of this month. (AFP)                                                                                   Treaty Organization is a two-edged sword.        and psychological preparation.                   the 1990s, the number of people who
                                                            It is directly connected with Wroclaw as
                                                         a city of intercultural dialogue, as it is the       On the one hand, it gives Poland military        NATO’s post-Cold War overseas mis-            consider the country’s situation to be
Ukraine parliament approves                              place where people of various nations and         security that it has never had before. NATO      sions are so-called “three-bloc” operations.     positive has exceeded 50 percent. Only
Tymoshenko as premier                                    cultures have always been coexisting.             rules say that if one member is attacked, all       Soldiers in Iraq or Afghanistan may have      a fourth of those questioned expressed
                                                            The members of the Angelus jury are:           members will go that country’s defense.          to perform combat tasks. They also may           an opinion to the contrary.
    Ukraine’s parliament early this week nar-
                                                         Natalia Gorbaniewska (Russian poet, jour-            But on the other hand, membership means       have to act as policemen. Plus, they become         The judgment appeared to depend
rowly approved Orange Revolution leader Yulia
Tymoshenko as prime minister, in the ex-Soviet           nalist and translator of Polish literature),      that Polish troops must participate in NATO      involved in humanitarian activities.             much on the age, education and resi-
republic’s latest bid to escape months of politi-        Stanislaw Beres ( a literary historian, poet,     missions abroad. The alliance’s Partnership         They need to be proficient in all three       dence of the respondents, with the
cal turmoil. Deputies in the single-chamber Rada         essayist and translator), Piotr Kepinski          for Peace program sends troops overseas          tasks – and that requires special training.      younger, better-educated and better-
voted 226-0 in favor of Tymoshenko, proposed by          (poet and literary critic), Julian Kornhauser     to deal with threats such as terrorism, pro-     Lack of such training probably played a key      paid inhabitants of bigger cities gen-
pro-Western President Viktor Yushchenko – the            (poet, writer of prose and literary critic),      liferation of weapons of mass destruction        role in what happened in Nangar Khel, ana-       erally much more satisfied with the
absolute minimum for a vote to pass in the 450-                                                            and energy security. Polish troops have          lysts say. Although NATO has not offered         direction the country is heading after
seat Rada. The opposition boycotted the vote. Ty-
                                                         Ryszard Krynicki (poet, translator and pub-
                                                         lisher), Tomasz Lubienski (playwright and         been deployed in Afghanistan, Kosovo, Iraq       precise information on its plans for staying     the October election. Among those
moshenko supporters cheered following her vic-
                                                         writer), Krzysztof Maslon (publicist, liter-      and in the Mediterranean. Afghanistan con-       in Afghanistan, indications are that the mis-    with the lowest income, a majority
tory, which came a week after a first parliament
vote failed to pass by just a single deputy.             ary critic) and Andrzej Zawada (literary          tinues to be the country’s biggest mission.      sion may last until at least 2020. The exact     considered the country’s situation un-
    On this occasion deputies voted one by one in        historian, writer for radio and editor).          About 1,200 soldiers are there. The mission      time frame is up in the air because it in-       satisfactory.
a show of hands to avoid a repeat of the previous           This year’s laureate is an Austrian essay-     is complicated, requiring a mix of fighting      volves not only how much military success           People’s opinions regarding their
week when Tymoshenko’s coalition claimed that            ist, publicist and translator. Martin Pollack,    and nation-building skills. NATO troops          NATO is having but also winning the hearts       own financial status have also im-
tampering with the electronic system had been            born in 1944, who translated into the Ger-        in Afghanistan must not only try to ensure       and minds of the population.                     proved, with 36 percent of those ques-
responsible for her defeat. Dramatically under-                                                            security and stability but also help with re-       Peacekeepers are dependent to a large         tioned considering it good, 42 percent
lining divisions in this country of 46 mln people,
                                                         man language all the books of Ryszard Ka-
                                                         puscinski, the famous Polish reporter, jour-      construction of the country. The Nangar          extent on the goodwill of locals for success     average and 22 percent bad.
pro-Moscow opposition forces, who control just
                                                         nalist, publicist, poet and photographer.         Khel tragedy underscores how difficult it        in both their military and humanitarian mis-        The most significant changes in the
under half of parliament, did not take part in the
vote. Tymoshenko rose to fame when she and                  Pollack studied Slavic literature and          has been for NATO forces to handle all fac-      sions. That goodwill also helps ensure their     poll results, in comparison to the last
Yushchenko led the 2004 Orange Revolution pro-           Eastern European history in Vienna and            ets of their difficult mission in Afghanistan.   safety. A Nangar Khel-type breakdown can         three months, regard the political situ-
tests that forced a re-run of a rigged presidential      Warsaw.                                           Seven Polish soldiers attacked the village of    destroy that goodwill.                           ation in Poland. Twenty-four percent
election victory by Moscow-backed rival Viktor              The honored book was written in 2004.          Nangar Khel in August, killing six unarmed          The goodwill lesson applies not only to       of respondents believed it to be good,
Yanukovych, who now heads the opposition.                Pollack tells the story of his father, Dr. Ger-   civilians. They face charges that could put      Iraq and Afghanistan, but other places as        which is 8 points higher than a month
    Yushchenko won the re-run and appointed                                                                them in prison for 12 years to life.             well. In January, Polish soldiers will be de-    ago.
Tymoshenko premier, but their alliance fell apart
                                                         hard Bast, whose body was found in 1947
                                                         at the entrance to a bunker on the Austrian-         Although Polish troops had been in Iraq,      ployed to Chad. Becoming peacekeepers in            Even though more people were still
shortly after. Ahead of the vote, the fiery Tymosh-
                                                         Italian border.                                   their experiences were not automatically         that country’s civil war may be the most dif-    displeased with the politics (27 per-
enko accused the opposition of corruption and
said “they are petrified that... I will put order into      The investigation brings into light a ter-     transferable to Afghanistan because differ-      ficult overseas mission Poles have faced.        cent), their number has significantly
the state.” (AFP)                                        rifying truth: Pollack’s father was a war         ent Muslim countries have different rules of        About 150 Poles will be going to Darfur       decreased during the last three months.
                                                                                                           conduct. The Nangar Kher case showed that        as part of a multinational force whose task is   The remaining 41 percent believe the
                                                                                                           many soldiers don’t recognize that a knowl-      to try to stop four years of violence there.     political situation in the country to be
                                                                                                           edge of and appreciation for local culture          The start of the Chad mission will come       average.
                                                                                                           and religion can be keys to the success of       a few months before Poland pulls its 897            As for the economic situation, a
                                                                                                           their mission, analysts say. They maintain       troops from Iraq, fulfilling a promise that      third of those questioned are satisfied
                                                                                                           that if the Polish soldiers at Nangar Kher       Prime Minister Donald Tusk made in his           and a fifth consider it unsatisfactory.
                                                                                                           had had good working relationships with the      election campaign this fall.

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DECEMBER 20-JANUARY 9, 2008                                                                               B U S I N E S S                                                                                     The Krakow Post                       7



 Bestsellers for 2007                                                                                     German                                                                                           EU’s top
                                                                                                                                                                                                            court

                                                                                                           railway
               Magdalena Lyko                        fits into this mould, if somewhat more sub-
               STAFF JOURNALIST                      liminally in his ongoing engagement over
                                                     spirituality and the Catholic Church.                                                                                                                  rules
                                                                                                                                                                                                           against
   “Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows”               Patric Suskind’s mystical realism work
by J.K. Rowling heads Empik’s bestsellers            “Perfume,” recently presented in film,
of 2007 English book list.                           holds a continuing presence over 20 years

                                                                                                                                                                                                           Swedish
   The Harry Potter series has continued             after publication in 1985. Along with the
to dominate the market since its introduc-           “Devil wears Prada” by Lauren Weisberg-




                                                                                                        could invest
tion, attracting a readership beyond its             er and “Memoirs of a Geisha” by Arthur
child-teenage audience, with many adult
readers seduced by Rowling’s magical
writing style. From the magical to the mys-
                                                     Golden, each of these publications have
                                                     been buoyed by their respective film re-
                                                     leases post-publication.
                                                                                                                                                                                                            union
tical, Dan Brown’s “The Da Vinci Code”                  From the non-fiction genre Britain’s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE
continues to fair well with its enlivening           Jeremy Clarkson makes the bestseller list
of thoughts and questions surrounding the            with “The World According to Clarkson”




                                                                                                          in India,
Christian world. A popular subject in an                                                                                                                                                                   Europe’s top court early this week
                                                     and “I Know You Got Soul,” rounding off a
overtly Catholic country like Poland. Paulo                                                                                                                                                             ruled against a Swedish trade union
                                                     varied selection of readings for the coming
Coelho’s “The Witch of Portobello” also                                                                                                                                                                 that blockaded a work site used by a
                                                     holidays.
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Latvian company to force the firm to



Ancora means “more”
                                                                                                                                                                                                        pay its staff higher local rates.
                                                                                                                                                                                                           The European Court of Justice
                                                                                                                                                                                                        (ECJ) recognized the right of work-




                                                                                                        Poland and
                                                                                                                                                                                                        ers to take collective action but it
                                                                                                                                                                                                        said that the picketing in this widely-
                                                                                                                                                                                                        watched case had restricted the right
  Fine cuisine                                                                                                                                                                                          of the Latvian company to provide
                                                                                                                                                                                                        services.
  for business &                                                                                                                                                                                           “Such action in the form of a
                                                                                                                                                                                                        blockade of sites constitutes a restric-
  non-business



                                                                                                         Romania
                                                                                                                                                                                                        tion on the freedom to provide servic-
                                                                                                                                                                                                        es, which, in this case, is not justified
                                                                                                                                                                                                        with regard to the public interest of
                                                                                                                                                                                                        protecting workers,” the court said.
                                                                                                                                                                                                           The case concerned Latvian com-
                                                                                                                                                                                                        pany Laval un Partneri, which posted
                                                                                                                                                                                                        workers to Swedish building sites,
                                                                                                                                                                                                        mainly on extensions at a school in
                                                                                                                                                                                                        the town of Vaxholm in May 2004.
                                                                                                                                                                                                        The works were handled by a susid-
                                                                                                                                                                                                        iary, L and P Baltic Bygg.
                                                                                                                                                                                                           Sweden’s Byggnads construc-
                                                                                                                                                                                                        tion union accused Laval of paying
                                                                                                                                                                                                        rates far lower than permissable and
                                                                                                                                                                                                        blockaded three of its building sites
                                                                                                                                                                                                        to pressure the subsidiary into sign-
                                                                                                                                                                                                        ing a collective wage agreement.
                                                                                                                                                                                                           The action forced L and P Baltic
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Bygg into bankruptcy.
                                                                                                                                                                                                           The rift has been followed closely
                                                                                                                                                                                                        in Sweden, where it was seen as a di-
                                                                                                                                                                                                        rect consequence of EU enlargement
                                                                                                                                                                                                        amid fears of an influx of cheap la-
                                                                                                                                                                                                        bor from Eastern European countries,
                                                                                                                                                                                                        such as Latvia, which joined the bloc
                                                                                                                                                                                                        in May 2004.
                                                                                                                                                                                                           The court, based in Luxembourg,
                                                                                                                                                                                                        noted “the right to take collective ac-
                                                                                                                                                                                                        tion for the protection of workers of
                                                                                                                                                                                                        the host state against possible social
                                                                                                                                                                                                        dumping may constitute an over-rid-
Ancora was opened in July by Adam Chrzastowski, restaurant head chef and co-                                                                                                                            ing reason of public interest.”
owner with his associate, Robert Radzinski, a wine connoisseur.                                                                                                                                            But it said that, in this case, that
                                                                                                                                                                                                        right was liable to make it more dif-
              THE KRAKOW POST                        menu avoid standard titles, they are more                                                                                                          ficult for the Latvian firm “to carry
                                                     descriptive. What is more, tastes and dishes                                                                                                       out construction work in Sweden and
   Ancora’s name translated from Italian             change for occasions, with the latest innova-      Logo of Deutsche Bahn.                                                                          therefore constitutes a restriction on
means “more.” With its auteur cuisine by             tion being a Christmas menu. An open kitchen                                                                                                       the freedom to provide services.”
Adam Chrzastowski, Ancora restaurant is a            engages diners with the process of preparing
culinary challenge for those who want to ex-
                                                                                                                  AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE                     “We’re expecting an operating license
                                                     dishes and provides the opportunity for a culi-                                                    for our subsidiary there by early 2008,”
plore new tastes.                                    nary chat with Chrzastowski.                          The German railway Deutsche Bahn is
   Ancora was opened in July by Chrzastowski,
                                                                                                                                                        Bensel said. Deutsche Bahn wants to play
                                                        Ancora states its meticulous selection of       mulling an expansion into Poland and Ro-        an active role in the consolidation of Eu-
restaurant head chef and co-owner with his as-       quality ingredients puts it at an advantage over   mania, and has also created a joint-venture
sociate, Robert Radzinski, a wine connoisseur,
                                                                                                                                                        rope’s rail cargo industry as passenger traf-
                                                     others. Chrzastowski personally oversees the       with Indian steel company Jindal, a press       fic shows slower growth rates and is still
and is the fruit of many years of culinary ex-       process of course preparation. “I only pur-        report said early this week.
ploration. Auteur cuisine are courses invented
                                                                                                                                                        heavily regulated.
                                                     chase the highest quality seasonal products.          Norbert Bensel, head of Deutsche Bahn’s         On the joint venture with Jindal, Bensel
and prepared by the chef, based on individual        Otherwise I simply don’t take it,” said Chr-       logistics unit, told Financial Times Deutsch-
compositions inspired by particular dishes or
                                                                                                                                                        said Deutsche Bahn will hold the majority
                                                     zastowski.                                         land the company was closely following          in the project, which in a first phase will
national cuisines. The rest is based on the chef’s      The restaurant strives to debunk the belief     privatization in Romania where he expected
culinary imagination.
                                                                                                                                                        handle Jindal’s cargo operations. He did not
                                                     that Polish cuisine is only pierogi and pork       state-owned logistic companies and cargo        disclose the investment but said it is low as
   “To a major extent, matching tastes is like       meat by promoting a new Polish cuisine ex-         units of state-owned railways to be sold for
matching colors – you instinctively remember                                                                                                            the German rail operator first seeks to gain
                                                     perience through its fine dishes, hospitable       below 100 mln euro ($144 mln). Deutsche         experience in India. He said Deutsche Bahn
the taste and then invent new combinations,”         atmosphere and the celebration of the meal as      Bahn is prepared to invest more than 100
said Chrzastowski. The whole composition of                                                                                                             in a second step would handle logistics for
                                                     an event in itself.                                mln euro in Poland, the Financial Times         German automotive suppliers in India.
a meal is complemented by the rich content of           Ancora restaurant is located at ul. Domini-     Deutschland reported, possi-
the restaurant’s wine menu (ca. 400).                kanska 3, open from 12:00 to 23:00.                bly partnering with Russia’s
   To deter categorization, courses in Ancora’s                          www.ancora-restaurant.com                                                                              NEW
                                                                                                        state-owned railways.                                               EMPLOYMENT
                                                                                                                                                                               PORTAL
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8         The Krakow Post                                                                         B U S I N E S S                                                                       DECEMBER 20-JANUARY 9, 2008



     Polish rail to
      get a major                                                       Czech to Monitoring employees at work
        facelift
        within                                                         send home
       next four
         years
                                                                        NKorean
               THE KRAKOW POST

        The Polish Rail InterCity (PKP) will
                                                                       workers by
                                                                        January
    be restructured into a joint stock compa-
    ny with plans for the future to release its
    shares on the Warsaw Stock Exchange.
    The public transport carrier is promising
    that within four years passengers will be
    traveling in comfort and with greater ef-
    ficiency. PKP InterCity wants to compete
    with the airlines in transporting commut-
                                                  cc:sa:Stefan Bauer




    ers across the country.
        According to Gazeta Prawna, Cz-
    eslaw Warsewicz the CEO of PKP Inter-
    City assured ticket prices for rail travel
                                                                                                                            Justyna Krzywicka                    cil (in the Warmin-Mazurian region),        employees. Such monitoring, accord-
    will not increase with the onset of the new
                                                                                                                              STAFF JOURNALIST                   carries out alcohol breath tests each       ing to Gazeta Prawna, may increase
    year. Despite inflation and an increase in
                                                                                                                                                                 morning, Gazeta Prawna reports.             efficiency at work by 40 percent.
    petrol prices as well as employee wages,                                                                          Monitoring employees at their              The very next day after the breatha-        No study was carried out to indicate
    PKP stands firm not to increase its fares                                                                      place of work by the use of video             lyzer was put into practice, two work-      whether stringent control over work-
    unless there is grave reason to do so.                                                                         cameras or through conducting com-
    Currently the transport company is nego-
                                                                                                                                                                 ers were sent home after displaying a       ers’ activities decreases morale within
                                                                                                                   puter security checks, which includes         blood alcohol level of 2.7 and 3.4 mg       the workplace. Trade unions are be-
    tiating with PKP Cargo from which PKP
                                                                                                                   email inboxes, is becoming common-            respectively.                               ing increasingly approached to nego-
    InterCity leases its electric locomotives.
                                                                                                                   place. According to Gazeta Prawna                According to Gazeta Prawna there         tiate such monitoring measures. Ac-
    PKP Cargo is demanding higher leasing
                                                                                                                   and the research conducted by Hi-             is an increased market demand to            cording to Transport Workers Trade
    fees. Warsewicz assures PKP InterCity
                                                                                                                   tachi Data Systems, some 67 percent           implement such monitoring methods.          Union (ZZPRC), negotiations always
    has plans to become more self-reliant in
                                                                                                                   of Polish employers monitor their             This is reaffirmed by companies who         concern email monitoring and the in-
    order to minimize costs. It has purchased
                                                                                                                   workers’ emails. In France 71 percent         specialize in offering monitoring ser-      stallation of cameras in office spaces
    10 of its own electric locomotive engines,
    which will be in operation within two
                                                                                                                   of employers do the same, as do 62            vices and equipment. Companies of-          and work related areas.
    years time. The company is also taking                                                                         percent in the United Kingdom.                fering monitoring services such as A           Should an employer decide to
    into consideration leasing locomotives                                                                            Monitoring the levels of intoxica-         Plus C have up to 100 customers per         carry out monitoring within the work-
    from other suppliers outside of Poland.                                                                        tion of their employees is no longer          month inquiring about their services.       place, he/she must first notify the em-
        Gazeta Prawna reports PKP InterCity                                                                        a random breath check, rather a daily         A major concern for implementing            ployees and describe the monitoring
                                                                          AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE
    is also preparing to make a public debut                                                                       occurrence for many workers. Within           such monitoring services and de-            process involved. If this is not carried
    on the Warsaw Stock Exchane (WSE).                                                                             the building sector, many construc-           vices is not so much the protection         out, an employer may be sued by his/
                                                       All North Koreans living and working in the Czech Re-
    Plans to float shares on other interna-                                                                        tion companies conduct breath checks          of trade secrets or confidential infor-     her workers for a breach of privacy
                                                   public under a controversial cheap labor program will have
    tional exchanges are being taken into                                                                          each morning before builders can              mation within the workplace, but to         which is protected by Art. 24 of the
                                                   been sent home by the end of January 2008, the Czech Inte-
                                                                                                                   commence work. The Milka Coun-                increase the productivity levels of the     Civil Code.




                                                                                                                           Inflation hits hard
    consideration for the following years.         rior Ministry told AFP early this week.
    According to Warsewicz, entering the               “By the end of January 2008, no citizen of the Demo-
    stock exchange is a priority for PKP In-       cratic Peoples Republic of Korea with long-term residency
    terCIty as it must make up for the time        for work purposes will be allowed to stay,” the ministry said
    lost and modernize the rail company. The       in reply to written questions.
    investment plan foresees 2.7 bln zloty             The development will end the practice of allowing them
    spent within four years time. About 1.5        to work in factories as a source of cheap labor, after some
    bln zloty is to be spent on 20 new speed




                                                                                                                              at year’s end
                                                   human rights groups said they were being used as breadwin-
    trains, with the tender for the purchase of    ners for the authoritarian regime in their home country.
    them to be announced in the next three             At the end of November, 134 North Koreans with visas
    months. Some 300 train carriages are to        were still working in the Czech Republic, the ministry add-
    be modernized with 250 already being           ed. Back in January, when Prague announced it would end
    renovated. The company has also issued         the arrangement, there were 400.
    a public tender for the purchase of 30             At the time it made the announcement, the Interior Min-
    new carriages. PKP InterCity will also         istry said the decision stemmed from a UN resolution con-
    either renovate completely or purchase         demning and imposing sanctions on Pyongyang following
    50 new restaurant carts, spending around       nuclear weapon tests.
    180 mln zloty.                                     But the Foreign Ministry described it as “an administra-
        The bid to operate the restaurant has      tive and not a political decision.”
    been won by Wars. The company has                  The practice of allowing local companies to use cheap
    serviced trains in the previous years          North Korean labor with a large part of their meagre earn-
    and was already once rejected by PKP           ings being funneled to Kim Jong-Il’s regime was criticized
    InterCity, with Wars carriages being re-       by the U.S. State Department. Groups such as the U.S.-
    moved early this year. Warsewicz claims        based Freedom House also attacked the arrangement.
    the company made the best offer in the             A Polish worker at a car accessories plant in the small
    tender and had to prove it is capable of       town of Nachod, about 200 kilometers (130 miles) north of
    offering a better service than it has in       Prague, told AFP earlier this year that the 82 North Korean
    the past. The company has undergone            seamstresses working there received only half their wages
    restructuralization.                           – the rest was sent to the regime.
        To accommodate business travel,                People In Need, a Czech charity and human rights group,
    PKP Intercity is also looking to develop       condemned the practice back in January. “Times have
    its “hot spot” wireless connections at the     changed, yet these people are no different from modern day
    major train stations within Poland. Plans      slaves,” it said.
    are also being considered for making               The number of North Koreans working abroad to payroll
    internet connection available within the       the Pyongyang regime climbed to around 70,000 worldwide,
    trains themselves. All new carriages are       according to a report from Radio Free Asia earlier this year.
    equipped with electrical sockets for lap-          Their earnings are vital to the government because of a                THE KRAKOW POST                    (GUS) indicated the prices were 3.6         tor is globalization and how it affects
    tops and mobiles.                              foreign currency shortfall following UN sanctions, it said.                                                   percent higher than the prices for the      Poland’s economy, increasing competi-
                                                                                                                      The annual inflation indicator shows       same time last year.                        tion within the local market and in the
                                                                                                                   an increase to 3.6 percent in November.          Within the one month, foodstuff          telecommunication sector. Along with
                                                                                                  ANNOUNCEMENT     Inflation stood at three percent in Octo-     prices rose overall by 1.6 percent, com-    food price and petrol price increases,
                                                                                                                   ber. Analysts are predicting December         pared to the previous month.                housing costs have also risen within
                                                                           International Women’s                   will see a rise in prices as high as 3.7 to
                                                                                                                   4.1 percent.
                                                                                                                                                                    Vegetables prices rose by 10 per-
                                                                                                                                                                 cent, rice by 3.4 percent and butter by
                                                                                                                                                                                                             the last month, affecting the inflation
                                                                                                                                                                                                             index.
                                                                           Association of Krakow                      According to the Inflation Report
                                                                                                                   published in October 2007 by the Na-
                                                                                                                                                                 3.3 percent.
                                                                                                                                                                    The overall rise in petrol prices also
                                                                                                                                                                                                                The November statistics show that
                                                                                                                                                                                                             inflation has risen for the first time
                                                                                                                   tional Bank of Poland and the Mon-            indicated the increase in public trans-     since 2005 above the average indicator
                                                                                                                   etary Policy Council, the annual index        port costs by 1.3 percent since October.    that is accepted by the Monetary Policy
                                                                                                                   of consumer goods and services prices         According to economists, the current        Council. The acceptable average in the
                                                                                                                   has been steadily growing since 2006.         inflation continues to be affected by       inflation cap goal is 2.5 percent. The
                                                                                                                   In 2007 inflation was subject to consid-      two opposing trends.                        Council accepts sways in the indicator
                                                                                                                   erable fluctuations – in August coming           A rise in demands on the domestic        up to 3.5 percent.
                                                                                                                   down to 1.5 percent, and rebounding to        market, a tighter labor market and an          Inflation is predicted to be stablize
                                                                          www.iwak.pl                              2.2 percent in September.                     increase in food prices all contribute to   from April and drop down to 3.4 per-
                                                                          iwak_krakow@yahoo.com                       The National Bureau of Statistics          the overall price growth. The other fac-    cent by the end of the year.
DECEMBER 20-JANUARY 9, 2008                                                                                           B U S I N E S S                                                                                          The Krakow Post                    9



Two local banks merge Russia, Ukraine
                      selling cheaper
 GDFL 1.2.:Piotr Brichacek




                      coal in Poland



                                   Grazyna Zawada             brand, and investment funds outside Pekao         Pekao S.A. now operates a bank that has
                                    STAFF JOURNALIST          S.A. – exists now as a minor bank and is          more than 5 mln retail clients, more than
                                                              scheduled to merge with American GE               300,000 business clients and more than
   Two major Polish banks, Pekao S.A. and                     Money group next year. The new, larger            15,500 corporate clients.
BPH S.A., have merged to form the biggest                     Pekao S.A is now governed from Vienna,               The process of transferring all these cus-
bank in Poland and in this part of Europe.                    as it belongs to HVB and UniCredit group,         tomers into a new information technology
   The new bank, also called Pekao S.A.                       an Austrian-Italian banking group, but it         system will begin in January.
and formally created on Dec. 1, has assets                    seems that BPH S.A. is the bank with better          Vice President of Pekao S.A, Luigi
of about 120 bln zloty.                                       results in acquiring clients, sales dynamics      Lovaglio, pointed out that UniCredit is
   The value of the whole transaction is put                  and overall financial results.                    one of the three biggest banking groups in
at 625.5 mln euro.                                               According to data from the last three          Europe. The new Pekao S.A. has the big-
   The entire merger process is to be com-                    weeks, only 3,000 customers decided to            gest market capitalization in the region,
pleted in the first quarter of 2008. Prior to                 close their accounts in BPH S.A. because          17.8 mln euro; the biggest fund value,
the merger, BPH S.A. was divided into two                     they were unhappy with the merger. Em-            120.5 bln zloty, and a total of 68 bln zloty
parts. The larger portion – consisting of 1.5                 ployees of BPH were neither to encour-            in loans. Lovaglio added that the new
mln bank accounts, 285 banking branches,                      age nor to discourage clients from chang-         Pekao S.A. is preparing marketing plans
more than 300 partner agencies and more                       ing banks, and all of the employees were          for clients, tailoring them to particular re-
than 600 cash machines – was acquired by                      trained to introduce the Pekao proposal to        gions.
Pekao S.A.                                                    customers even before the merger.                    It is planned that new mortgage and re-                          THE KRAKOW POST                       Andrzej Pawlaszek, director of the
   The remaining part of BPH S.A – name-                         Jan Bielecki, the president of Pekao           tail loan offers will be presented in the first                                                       government-owned coal mining opera-
ly 650,000 customers, 200 branches, a                         S.A., said that under one common emblem,          quarter of the new year.                                   Although coal mining is one of             tion in Silesia, said he doesn’t believe
                                                                                                                                                                        Poland’s major industries, Russia and         Polish power plants will use Russian
                                                                                                                                                                        Ukraine have begun selling coal in this       coal. With 16 mines, the Silesia opera-
                                                                      Native English Teacher                             Top Management
                                                                                                                                                                        country.                                      tion is Europe’s largest.
                                                                                                                                                                           Coal from those countries is cheaper,          Although Russian coal companies’
                                                                 MINI                                        MINI                                                       and it also has lower sulfur content, so it   extraction costs are lower than Pol-
                                                                                                                                                                        burns cleaner. The price break that Pol-      ish companies, the Russians will have
                                                                                A school of English in                                                                  ish coal consumers are getting now is         to add transportation and safety costs,
                                                                                                                            M 31, University degree in
                                                                              Krakow is looking for a                           engineering, 6 years                    likely to dry up, however, some Polish        Pawleszek said. That means that “soon
                                                                              native English teacher.
                                                                                                                                of top management                       coal operators predict.                       their costs will rise,” he said.
                                                                              The position is available                                                                    The Russians and Ukrainians plan               But the Russians are sure to try to
                                                                                                                               experience in leading
                                                                           immediately for a period of                                                                  to make an all-out marketing assault
                                                                                                                           companies in industrial cool-                                                              grab the lucrative power-plant business.
                                                                                      one year.
                                                                                                             RESUME




                                                                                                                             ing, refrigerating sector.                 on Poland’s coal-burning power plants         In September, the Siberian Coal Energy
                                                                             The individual should be
                                                                                                                          Project management. Negotia-                  soon.
                              Marketing & Sales                              enthusiastic and creative,
                                                                                                                                   tions. Prepare                          Russian and Ukrainian coal is ex-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Company set up a subsidiary in Poland.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      It is Russia’s largest producer and one
                                                                            possession of a recognized
                                Enthusiasts!!!                                  teaching qualification                    technical solutions. Full scope
                                                                                                                                     of technical
                                                                                                                                                                        tracted at a lower depth than in Poland,      of the 10 biggest in the world.
                                                                            (CELTA/TEFL) and some                                                                       making it less expensive.                         The company plans to deliver about
                               You are wanted!
                                                                VACANCY




                                                                          relevant previous experience                      support: pre-planning. PC.                     The daily newspaper Rzeczpospolita         one million tons of coal in Poland over
                                                                               in work with groups is                        Contact: jerrybarrows@                     said many Polish clients are signing up       the next year.
                                                                                      required.                                      yahoo.com                          for coal from the east because of the             So far, it has used Polish agents for
                             We are currently looking for                     If you are interested in                                                                  lower price.                                  its sales. But in the beginning of 2008,
                                                                            this vacancy or would like
                             people to join our Marketing                   further information please                                    Place a career resume here!
                                                                                                                                                                           “For me, price is the most important       it plans to sell the coal directly.
                                                                                                                                                                        thing, so I would prefer Russian coal,”           The company has affiliates or sub-
                                     & Sales team.                             do not hesitate to send
                                                                                      your CV.
                                                                                                                                          jargonmedia@gmail.com
                                                                                                                                                                        said Janina Garbowska, who uses coal          sidiaries in Krasnoyarsk, Primorsky,
                                                                                                                                                                        to heat her house in Podkarpacie in           Khabarovsk, Irkutsk, Chita, Kemerovo,
                                                                                                                                                                        southeast Poland. “However, in the area
                              Successful applicants will:                    eng_schoolkrakow@
                                                                                 yahoo.com                         Business/Personal Assistant                          where I live, we have access only to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Buryatia and Khakassia.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          In 2005, its stock value made the
                             - enjoy the art of selling and                                                                                                             Polish coal.”                                 company worth $1.9 bln.
                                   meeting new people                                                        MINI
                                  - have a minimum of                              Place a job offer here!
                                                                                   jargonmedia@gmail.com
                                                                                                                           Talented, experienced lady is
                             one year of sales experience                                                                       looking for a job of
                                - be communicative and                                                                     Business/Personal Assistant
                                                                                                                                (full- or part-time)
                                      flexible with a                     Helper/Au-Pair
                                                                                                                           Degree in Philology, 10 years
                                                                                                             RESUME




                              non-09:00-17:00 mentality                                                                       experience in Western
                                                                 MINI                                                             companies. Very
                                                                             We are looking for a                                responsible, goal
                                If you are interested,                       Helper/Au-Pair. Na-
                                                                             tive English speaker
                                                                                                                           excellent organizational and
                                                                                                                               interpersonal skills.
                                  please write to us:
                                                                VACANCY




                                                                                  preferred.                                   Please contact me at:
                              jargonmedia@gmail.com                           aupair152krakow@
                                                                                                                                 hiopole@mail.ru
                                                                                  yahoo.com


                                                                                   Place a job offer here!                                Place a career resume here!
                                                                                   jargonmedia@gmail.com                                  jargonmedia@gmail.com
10      The Krakow Post                                                                                      W A R S A W                                                                  DECEMBER 20-JANUARY 9, 2008




Photos of                                                                                       Warsaw employers need workers

Maurycy
Gomulicki



                                                                                                At the height of the Christmas shopping season, many of them are in need of temporary workers.

                                                                                                             THE KRAKOW POST                      ger willing to accept the pay offered, some              Aleksander Kornatowski, deputy direc-
                                                                                                                                                  say.                                                  tor of the Voivodship Employment Office,
Warsaw as seen from the side of the street can be observed in the pages of Maurycy                 At the height of the Christmas shopping           “Warsaw depraves and spoils people,”               said the time when employers could domi-
Gomulicki’s new photo album “W-WA.”                                                             season, many of them are in need of tem-          said Piotr Malecki, co-owner of Tomiteks,             nate the job market is over.
                                                                                                porary workers. Job offers and “wanted”           a chain of second-hand clothes shops. “In-               Employers still offer the same wages as
             THE KRAKOW POST                        In the album “W-WA” Gomulicki pres-         notices are visible in shop windows all           stead of hiring Warsaw citizens, we have              two years ago, but the situation is different
                                                 ents photos taken between 2000 and 2005.       over Warsaw, as employers desperately             to provide transport for our workers from             now, he told Gazeta Wyborcza Stoleczna.
   Warsaw as seen from the side of the street    He captures the details of the Warsaw          search for bakers, waiters, shop assistants       outside of the city.”                                 Today Poles simply refuse to work for
can be observed in the pages of Maurycy          landscape: old neons, the configuration of     and cooks.                                           The problem is by no means restricted              wages that do not allow them to provide
Gomulicki’s new photo album “W-WA.”              gray flagstones, the color of an old mosaic        But such employees are hard to find           to the capital. The situation is similar              for their families.
   Gomulicki, born in 1969 in Warsaw, is a       or characteristic forms of the modernistic     – for many reasons.                               throughout the country. Redundancy no                    Thus, apparently the only thing em-
graphic artist and photographer as well as       architecture from the times of the Polish         “We have been short of staff since the         longer seems to be an issue, because since            ployers can do to attract workers is in-
the author of artistic installations and short   People’s Republic.                             summer holidays,” Barbara Olejarczyk,             joining the EU, Poland’s jobless rate has             crease wages.
film forms.                                         Gomulicki focuses on the gray of the con-   manager of Gobi delicatessen, told Gazeta         declined significantly.                                  According to the magazine “Puls Bi-
   He graduated from the Academy of Fine         crete neighborhood with the green of urban     Wyborcza Stoleczna. “People prefer to go             According to Gazeta Prawna, the eco-               znesu,” they already do, although reluc-
Arts in Warsaw and continued his educa-          lots and the metal of playground ladders.      and work abroad.”                                 nomic situation in Poland is favorable but            tantly, as they fear increasing inflation.
tion in Barcelona and Milan.                        By photographing geometrical and mini-         Low wages paid in the Polish capital           what might be a threat to it is the shortage             But experts agree the employers’ flex-
   Gomulicki has presented his works at          malistic shapes, Gomulicki skillfully de-      are often cited for this exodus. Warsaw           of workers and their unwillingness to ac-             ibility and appropriate wages seem the
numerous exhibitions in Warsaw and Lodz,         picts the lyrical climate of the city, which   workers know their worth and are no lon-          cept just any job.                                    only way out of the situation.
Poland; Grenoble, Switzerland; Budapest,         – after being 85 percent destroyed during



                                                                                                Warsaw University friendly for disabled
Hungary; Osaka, Japan and Bratislava,            World War II – was rebuilt in an eclectic
Slovakia.                                        and rather poor architectural style.
   In Mexico, he designed a network of              The artist says that, for him, the most
pink sex shops in the frames of the project      important features in Warsaw are the “in-
“MEXXXICO Erotica Shops.” The contro-            betweens” and “the power of details that
versial artist is a grandson of Juliusz Wiktor   count more in the formally reduced/limited
Gomulicki, the Polish essayist and editor.                                                                   THE KRAKOW POST                      friendly university in Poland.
                                                 reality.”                                                                                            The university provides learning support for
                                                                                                   Nearly 1000 students with a disability now     visually impaired students through audio record-
                                                                            ANNOUNCEMENT        study at Warsaw University (300 kilometers        ings, sign language translators for hearing and
                                                                                                north of Krakow), making it the most disability   speaking impaired students and physical access
                                                             CLASSICAL GUITAR MUSIC                                                                for wheel chairs.
                                                              FOR TOP RESTAURANTS                                                                      “Initially my professors and fellow students
                                                                                                                                                   wondered how I would cope,” said Filip Zagon-
                                                                                                                                                   czk a visually impaired student at Warsaw Uni-
                                                                                                                                                   versity according to Gazeta.pl. “I don’t get pref-
                                                                                                                                                   erential treatment and I take the same exams as
                                                                                                                                                   my friends. This is all thanks to the university’s
                                                                                                                                                   support for people with disabilities.”
                                                                                                                                                       The university has an office dedicated to stu-
                                                                                                                                                   dents with a disability and continues to reduce
                                                                                                                                                   physical barriers from faculty buildings and stu-
                                                                                                                                                   dent accommodation facilities. Wheel chair ac-
                                                                                                                                                   cess has now become available to the old library
                                                               Our repretoire of Spanish,                                                          since its renovation.
                                                                 Argentinian and Italian                                                                Lecture halls are numbered with braille
                                                             classical music will create the                                                       doorplates to assist visually impaired students’
                                                               special ambience you need                                                           independent movement around the campus.
                                                                to maximize your guests’                                                           There is also specialized transport available to
                                                                 fine-dining experience.                                                           students requesting assistance to move between
                                                                                                                                                   lectures.
                                                                                                                                                       These measures make education available to
                                                              Good rates and top quality.
                                                                                                                                                   more Polish students based on their intellectual
                                                              guitarcatering@gmail.com                                                             merits irrespective of their physical abilities.     Warsaw.
DECEMBER 20-JANUARY 9, 2008                                                                                K R A K O W                                                                                           The Krakow Post                    11


  International women throw                                                                                                                              Waiting for
ball, raise money for orphanage
             THE KRAKOW POST


   The International Women’s Associa-
                                                    training. The top item of the night was a flat
                                                    screen television donated by Tesco. Other
                                                    high bids were made for a commissioned
                                                                                                     women in our organization have worked
                                                                                                     for charity since they were teenagers and
                                                                                                     they want to continue it here,” explains
                                                                                                                                                         the slopes
tion of Krakow (IWAK) held their annual             abstract painting by Andrenus O’Hara and         Gosia Lalanne, the president of the asso-                     Monika Stumpo                            Korbielow is only 75 kilometers southwest
Christmas Charity Ball at the Stary Hotel           a guided tour by Konrad Oswiecimski.             ciation. However, Lalanne says foreign-                       STAFF JOURNALIST                     of Krakow, Bialka Tatrzanska is 90 kilome-
last Saturday. Over 80 guests attended the             The guests then hit the dance floor after     ers dedicated to helping charities often                                                           ters south of Krakow and Krynica is a little
lavish, black-tie gala dinner and dance that        the auction and raffles closed and partied       face disbelief and mistrust from a skeptical       Krakow is obsessed with skiing. After the       over 113 kilometers southeast. A day pass in
brought together people from international          into the early hours of Sunday morning.          community.                                      first snow, trains and busses become crowded       Koribelow costs 65 zloty. In Bialka Tatrzan-
business and politics, with a connection to                                                                                                          with skiers and snowboarders and their equip-      ska the visitor can buy a day pass for 60 zloty
                                                       This year’s IWAK’s Annual Ball raised            “Many people find it suspicious that a
Krakow. As every year, the members of the                                                                                                            ment. The entire city is on pins and needles       or a day and night pass for 70 zloty. Krynica,
                                                    19,760 zloty which is a great success. The       foreigner wants to work hard for no money.
organization and their guests gathered to                                                                                                            every fall waiting for the slopes to open.         which is the biggest resort, offers a day pass
                                                    association awards the proceeds to differ-       This is something new in Polish society,”
support the association’s charity initiatives                                                                                                           The most popular ski-slope in Poland is         for 85 zloty, which can also be split into
                                                    ent recipients each year. This year IWAK         she adds. Yet, most institutions gladly ac-
by bidding in live and silent auctions and                                                                                                           Kasprowy Wierch, the only slope that can           morning and afternoon passes. These slopes
                                                    has chosen the Jana Brzechwy Children’s          cept financial help.                                                                               are especially appealing for snowboarders
trying their luck in a raffle.                                                                                                                       compete with Alpine skiing. Kasprowy is in
                                                    Home to be the beneficiary of the ball.             The members of the Association are           Zakopane, a thriving tourist town, located         because each has its own snow park equipped
   The guests enjoyed an excellent dinner,             IWAK is a non-profit, multicultural,          aware of the fact that, as expatriates, they    105 kilometers south of Krakow in the Tatar        with half pipes, which Kasprowy lacks.
interrupted by the arrival of unexpected but        social and family oriented organization,         enjoy a privileged lifestyle in Krakow and      Mountains. The visitor may take ul. Zako-              Zakopane-life is a Krakow based English
always welcome guest – Santa Claus – who            gathering women from the international           they feel it’s their responsibility to use      piasnka from Podgorze in Krakow to Zako-           language company that acts as a guide around
kindly agreed to lead the auction. Santa            community in Krakow. The association             their time, talents and resources to help       pane. The traffic backed up on “Zakopianka”        Zakopane. Their web site (Zakopane-life.
skillfully encouraged guests to part with           provides a wide range of interest groups,        others.                                         is infamous, especially during peak season.        com) has a wide range of information from
their money and bid on the various items            social events and activities for expatriates        “It’s important that people understand                                                          booking hotels to where to go eat or have a
                                                                                                                                                     The road is heavily traveled and often under
IWAK members put up for auction. The list           and their families. Charity is another im-       that immigrants actually do something           construction since it is the only one to Zako-     drink. It also has information about the ski
included a reflexology and hot stone thera-         portant part of the organization’s mission.      good. We don’t come here to steal people’s      pane from Krakow. Trains for Zakopane de-          conditions and other attractions in Zakopane.
py, brunch voucher, henna painting session,            “There is a lot of need in Krakow. It is      jobs or live ‘better lives’. We are here also   part regularly several times a day. The trip,      If the visitor wishes to spend New Year’s Eve
Indian cooking lesson, and Ashanga Yoga             a human tradition to help others. A lot of       to help,” said Lalanne.                         however, can take up to four hours.                in Zakopane, reservations need to be made
                                                                                                                                                        Once in town, the visitor needs to go to        months ahead. At this point in the season,
                                                                                                                                                     Kuznice, the base station, in order to take the    finding a hotel is almost impossible.


      Anglo-
                                                                                                                                                     remarkable 70-year-old suspended railway               There are many other resorts in the area
                                                                                                                                                     cabin to the upper ski station that sits 1,959     which have a lot to offer.
                                                                                                                                                     meters above sea level.                                A great source of all available resorts in
                                                                                                                                                        The railway cabin was built in 1937 by the      Poland as well as in the Czech Republic and



       Dutch
                                                                                                                                                     locals of Zakopane and until this year’s mod-      Slovakia is the annual Ski Atlas (“Atlas narci-
                                                                                                                                                     ernization project had remained unchanged.         arski-Czechy, Polska, Slowacja.”)
                                                                                                                                                     This is a wonderful way to see the breathtak-          Each resort is described in detail. The atlas
                                                                                                                                                     ing views of the Tatar Mountains. Unfortu-         is available at all major book stores.



       Xmas
                                                                                                                                                     nately, the line for the ride can take anywhere        What about equipment? All the larger
                                                                                                                                                     from forty minutes to several hours.               resorts offer rentals both for skis and snow-
                                                                                                                                                        “The line is nothing compared to what it        boards. If the visitor doesn’t want to rent
                                                                                                                                                     was 20 years ago when Kasprowy was the             equipment at the slopes, buying equipment in



      Ball in
                                                                                                                                                     only slope in Poland,” remembers Wojciech          Krakow is relatively easy.
                                                                                                                                                     Szerszen. “The ticket office would open at             If the visitor’s relationship with skis/snow-
                                                                                                                                                     07:00 and by 07:30 all the tickets would be        board is so strong that he/she brought them to
                                                                                                                                                     sold. After you hiked up the mountain, there       Krakow, it may be worthwhile to give them a



      Krakow
                                                                                                                                                     was another two-hour wait in line for the lift.    check-up before hitting the slopes.
                                                                                                                                                     You would be lucky if you got to ski down              There are a lot of shops where the visito
                                                                                                                                                     twice.”                                            can buy equipment or prepare for the season.
                                                                                                                                                        The ride now costs 38 zloty and the wait        The people who work there are fanatics and
                                                                                                                                                     is still quite long. The hike is about two and     know what they’re talking about.
                                                                                                                                                     a half hours. “If I have to wait in line for an        The gigantic “SNOWBOARD” sign on
                THE KRAKOW POST                                                                                                                      hour or longer and pay 40 zloty to go up, I’d      Plac Inwalidow, although not subtle, does
                                                                                                                                                     rather hike it,” says Pawel Hydzik, a student      make its point.
       Break-dancing Santas, bewigged 70s                                                                                                            of Krakow’s Economics University. He tries             There is a decent snowboard shop in the
   disco dancers, bekilted bagpipers, choco-                                                                                                         to get out on the slopes every free weekend        building which also does surface renovation.
   late fountains and fireworks. These were                                                                                                          and used to ski competitively before he came       The guys at “3 Style Sport” will repair skis
   just some of the treats served up at the An-                                                                                                      to Krakow. When asked if it’s worth all of the     but not without a little teasing about one’s
   glo-Dutch Christmas Ball in Krakow.                                                                                                               trouble, Pawel simply answers: “Kasprowy           choice of winter sport. Without a doubt, these
                                                                                                                                                     is amazing.”                                       guys will put the visitor in the right frame of
       On Dec. 8, within the wonderful set-
                                                                                                                                                        Once the visitor has reached the top, one       mind for a good road trip.
   ting of the Tomaszowice Manor House,
                                                                                                                                                     way or another, there are two trails, Gasieni-         If casual last year’s scene, then “Wind-
   British, Dutch and Polish business com-
                                                                                                                                                     cowa and Goryczykowa. Gasienicowa is a             sport” on ul. Zakopianska and “Sport Service”
   munities danced the night away in a wild                                                                                                                                                             on ul. Grunwaldzka are also great places and
                                                                                                                                                     352-meter run, while Goryczykowa is almost
   evening of extravagance, which mixed                                                                                                              twice as long. A day pass costs 80 zloty but       a little more professional. These are of course
   dance styles and Christmas traditions from                                                                                                        thankfully both are equipped with lifts and        not the only places that sell equipment. Many
   around the world.                                                                                                                                 the wait isn’t two hours long anymore.             other small shops around town as well as the
       On arrival, guests were greeted by spar-                                                                                                         Although Kasprowy is still the most popu-       chains Decathlon and Intersport are more
   kling snow angels, English mince pies and                                                                                                         lar and is regarded by many as the only real       than happy to fix visitors up.
   mulled wine; at midnight, as fireworks                                                                                                            ski slope in Poland, it doesn’t rank as the best        The equipment sold in these ski shops can
   filled the sky, Dutch oliebollen. In between,                                                                                                     in a recent study by the Katowice School of        cost a small fortune. This is why so many rely
   a gourmet meal was accompanied by a fine                                                                                                          Economics. Korbielow, Krynica and Bialka           on the ski swap. There is a ski swap in Rotun-
   selection of wines, bourbons and speciality                                                                                                       Tatrzanska are ranked as the top three ski         da Cultural Center every Saturday and Sun-
   vodkas, a spectacular chocolate fountain                                                                                                          resorts. The study took into account, among        day from mid-November to March. The swap
   and a mountain of Dutch cheeses.                                                                                                                  other aspects, the length of the slopes, the       takes place in a 2,500-square-meter area and
       A charity raffle raised almost 5,000 zlo-                                                                                                     number of ski lifts, whether the slopes were       the visitor can buy anything and everything
   ty for Krakow’s Community Youth Clubs,                                                                                                            lighted and general comfort.                       needed to enjoy the Polish ski season.
   which will send over 200 children on a
   variety of much-deserved trips – an excur-
   sion to the Tatras, to the cinema, to the the-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       krakoWposT.com

   atre and to an adventure playground.
       The ball was organized by South Po-
   land Business Link on behalf of the Brit-
   ish Polish Chamber of Commerce and The
   Netherlands Business Support Office.



                                                       Quality Accommodation for Less


                                                        TOURNET
                                                       Guest Rooms
                                                             ul. Miodowa 7
                                                       Kazimierz District, Krakow
                                                          Tel.: (0) 12 292-0088
                                                      www.accommodation.krakow.pl
                                                                                                         new year’s eve party
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                                                                                                          great fun for 350 pln
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                                                                                                       email: biuro@poezjasmaku.pl
                                                                                                            ul. jagiellonska 5
12      The Krakow Post                                                                                     K R A K O W                                                                        DECEMBER 20-JANUARY 9, 2008



Krakow to build Guggenheim Museum
              Barbara Bajak                      sponds enthusiastically to the concepts of       for a Guggenheim museum,” Kwiatkowski           100 candidates globally), Krakow has many




                                                                                                                                                                                                                        GDFL-1:MykReeve
             STAFF JOURNALIST                    its director, Thomas Krens.                      said. “It would add some modernity to the       assets. It is a culturally prestigious location
                                                     His commercial success results from a        city’s historical value.”                       and an attractive site, already one of the rap-
   Krakow to build Guggenheim Museum?            business-wise approach.                              Kwiatkowski has prepared arguments          idly developing cities of Europe.
Guggenheim is a name known worldwide                 Krens is creating an international network   and a plan of actions. First, he enlisted the      As in Bilbao, Krakow authorities would
for its art museums. Now a resident of Kra-      of museums with sizable amounts of money         help of attorney Tomasz Bobrowski, who          be responsible for a building and its op-
kow would like to build a Guggenheim in          being spent on promotion. His pioneering         now officially manages the project. They        eration while the foundation would supply
his city. In 1937, American philanthropist       ideas have transformed the Guggenheim in-        succeeded in gaining support of the city of-    showpieces.
Solomon R. Guggenheim founded the Mu-            stitution into something closer to a prosper-    ficials.                                           With Poland being a new EU member,
seum of Non-Objective Art (a type of ab-         ous and rapidly expanding company.                   The city’s mayor, Jacek Majchrowski,        there is also a possibility that a large part
stract art) in New York City.                        Kerns is not without his critics. They ac-   was at first skeptical about the proposal but   of the construction costs could come from
   Four years later, he commissioned re-         cuse him of “McDonaldizing” the art cul-         now has a positive attitude.                    EU resources.
nowned architect Frank Lloyd Wright to           ture. Displays of BMW motorcycles and                Krakow could benefit enormously from a         However, the opportunity may be lost
design a new exhibition hall for modern art.     Armani suits have been condemned as serv-        museum. The economical advantages from          unless action is taken quickly, as the EU
   The design originally was viewed as so        ing solely commercial purposes. The showy        such a major cultural investment have been      budget is being planned for coming years
audacious that it was ridiculed by both the      architecture of the Guggenheim museums is        called the “Bilbao Effect.”                     and the potential money will continue to
art world and the general public.                said to overshadow the exhibitions.                  The building of the Bilbao Guggenheim       dwindle.
   In 1951, Guggenheim Museum in Man-                Five Guggenheim museums have been            in Spain transformed a shabby industrial           A partnership proposal for Guggenheim
hattan was finally completed, and today it is    built: in New York, Venice, Berlin, Las          Basque city into a thriving world-famous        was signed by Mayor Majchrowski and sent
one of the most famous such institutions in      Vegas and Bilbao. In 2006 the foundation         landmark filled with luxury restaurants and     out in June 2007. But it was addressed to the
the world with its building being one of the     signed an agreement to build a museum in         designer shops.                                 wrong organization.
most admired and recognizable.                   Abu Dhabi, the capital of the United Arab            The Guggenheim concept has had some            It was received by Edward Hirsch, chair-
   The bold architectural tradition continues    Emirates. The idea to build a Guggenheim         failures, however.                              man of the Simon Guggenheim Foundation
to this day with other Guggenheim muse-          museum in Krakow is the brainchild of                Financial problems became insurmount-       that grants fellowships to advanced profes-
ums in the world being designed by top-          Zbigniew Kwiatkowski, a Krakow resident          able obstacles to building museums in           sionals in different fields. Hirsch did express
class architects.                                and a fervent traveler.                          Taiwan, Rio de Janeiro, and Guadalajara,        his fondness towards Krakow, explained the
   The Guggenheim Museum Foundation                  “I studied the foundation strategy and       Mexico. Kwiatkowski stresses that despite       mistake and promised to deliver the mes-
boasts a body of wealthy trustees that re-       thought Krakow would be a perfect place          stiff competition for a museum (more than       sage to appropriate address.




Krakow to have new
marketing strategy
            Agata Kolomyjska                      and cultural events. According to Mateusz          especially in information technology and
             STAFF JOURNALIST                     Zmyslony of the Eskadra PR group, Kra-             outsourcing sectors.
                                                  kow needs one, widely recognizable event,             “Krakow is not exactly what we call an
   After years of promoting Krakow as a           which it now lacks.                                economic tiger,” Zmyslony said. “It would
city of wild parties, authorities have de-           Also, he says, Krakow should encourage          be good to show it as a city with economic
cided to switch the focus to cultural events      bold projects and young, talented, indepen-        potential.”
and high-tech advancement.                        dent (underground) artists.                           A new promotional slogan for Krakow
   The new marketing strategy aims at at-            Izabela Helbin of the Promotion Bureau          will be chosen to be advertised worldwide.
tracting more refined and sophisticated           says her organization will sponsor fewer           Some of the possibilities are “Krakow.
visitors.                                         projects, but the chosen ones will get much        Genius Loci,” “Krakow. The City,” “Kra-
   The creators of the new promotional            more money.                                        kow. Form and Content” and “Krakow. Big
strategy – Eskadra PR group and the Pro-             “We can’t split the funds and support           Idea.”
motion Department of Krakow City Coun-            every project because they will never turn            “The main idea is to attract intelligent
cil – based their approach on experiences         into anything spectacular,” Helbin said. “It       people,” Zmyslony said. “Even if they
of other Polish and European cities, espe-        is necessary that we choose several events         won’t understand ‘genius loci‘ immedi-
cially Barcelona but also Prague, Vienna,         and focus on them.”                                ately, they’ll quickly look it up in a diction-
Wroclaw and Warsaw.                                  The authors of the new marketing strate-        ary.”
   Guidelines for the new strategy have           gy hope that promoting Krakow as a city of            Helbin tried to dispel any doubts about
been discussed with representatives of cul-       advanced technologies will help attract cli-       the feasibility of the plan by noting that the
tural institutions, catering businesses, tour-    ents from upper-income brackets and catch          city has boosted the marketing budget by
ism organizations and local media.                the attention of business people to boost          30 percent next year. “Everything can be
   The new strategy will promote festivals        conferences and encourage investments,             done,” Helbin said.




                                                                                                                                                        Peter Greenway in Krakow.
DECEMBER 20-JANUARY 9, 2008                                                                                    A R T S                   &                    I D E A S                                                             The Krakow Post                        13




 Idea behind window of                                                                                                                                            Xmas traditions
 life for orphans debated
               THE KRAKOW POST
                                                                                                                                                                  thrive in Poland


                                                                                                                                                 LUK Agency
     Another infant has been left at Krakow’s                                                                                                                                     THE KRAKOW POST                             Dishes served in Poland on this day include
 “Window of Life.” Brought to the “Window”                                                                                                                                                                                borsht with “uszka” and carp.
 on Dec. 4, the baby was immediately taken                                                                                                                            Christmas is a major event on the Christian             Borsht is a vegetable soup from Eastern Eu-
 to the Neonatology Clinic of the College of                                                                                                                       calendar especially in Poland where the Catholic       rope, with beetroot as its main ingredient and
 Medicine at Jagiellonian University.                                                                                                                              Church’s presence stems back to the 10th Century.      “uszka” meaning “little ears” in Polish, which are
     “The baby is in good condition,” said Dr.                                                                                                                     Christmas traditions in Poland are often thought       small dumplings usually filled with mushrooms.
 Dorota Pawlik of the Neonatology Clinic. “It                                                                                                                      to be timeless, though some are more recent than       Carp is a traditional fish which Polish people eat
 is a nice boy. Now he is undergoing an ex-                                                                                                                        expected. Four weeks before Christmas, the pro-        almost exclusively on Christmas evening.
 amination.”                                                                                                                                                       cess of the celebration called advent begins. The          Following the supper, Polish families migrate
     The boy is the fourth baby to be left at the                                                                                                                  name derives from the Latin for “coming,” and          to their local church for midnight mass, Pasterka.
 “Window of Life,” established almost two                                                                                                                          denotes the period in which Christians prepare for     The first occurrence of “Pasterka” is recorded in
 years ago at the Sisters of the Nazarene con-                                                                                                                     the Nativity of Christ. It is a very old tradition     the time of Pope Gregory I in the 6th Century.
 vent. The other three children – two girls and                                                                                                                    practiced in Poland since its conversion.              Over the next two days, Poles flock to build and
 a boy – are already adopted.                                                                                                                                         It is popular among Poles during this period        view nativity scenes, believed to have been initi-
                                                                                                                                                                   to attend a dawn mass called “roraty.” People at-      ated by Saint Francis of Assisi in the 5th Century.
     The boy found on Dec. 4 was wrapped in a
                                                                                                                                                                   tend the mass with candles or lampoons – espe-         The most popular living nativity scene in Krakow
 blanket containing a picture of Saint Michael                                                                                                                     cially children. The Christmas Eve meal is a cher-     can be found on Christmas Day at the Franciscan
 the Archangel and a piece of paper with the                                                                                                                       ished tradition in Poland with its roots in ancient    Church.
 words “Gaspar, I am sorry. I love you. Mom.                                                                                                                       Rome’s Saturnalia celebration. Begun in the 18th           And of course what is Christmas without sing-
     The “Window of Life” is a place where                                                                                                                         Century and adopted throughout Poland in the           ing Christmas carols? The first Polish Christmas
 new parents can anonymously and safely                                                                                                                            20th Century, families fast all day before coming      carol comes from 1424. Today, there are over 500
 bring newborns.                                                                                                                                                   together in the evening to eat a 12-course meal.       Polish carols.
     Located on ul. Przybyszewskiego 39, the
 heated, ventilated baby room has a window


                                                                                                                                                                  New Year’s Eve in Krakow
 which can be opened from the outside.
     After the window is opened to deposit an
 infant, an alarm sounds to alert the nuns at
 the convent.
     “The Window of Life” is an initiative of
 the Family Department of Metropolitan Cu-                                                                                                                                        THE KRAKOW POST                         holding parties.
 ria and Caritas of Krakow’s Archdiocese.                                                                                                                                                                                     In hotels and restaurants, guests can have
 The idea is not a new one.                                                                                                                                            Krakow is getting ready to say goodbye to          classy balls with elaborate menus and live mu-
     In the 18th Century in Warsaw, “the home                                                                                                                      2007 with its annual New Year’s Eve party on           sic with prices averaging between 200 to 300
 of foundlings” was established by a French-                                                                                                                       Rynek Glowny. But this is not the only way to          zloty per couple, up to 500 zloty or more at the
 born priest, Gabriel Peter Baudouin.                                                                                                                              spend this magic night in Krakow.                      higher end of the market. It is recommended to
     The home’s gate had a hole containing a                                                                                                                           Last year’s Krakow Council New Year’s              reserve early, with many events booked a year
 trough. The baby was placed in the container,                                                                                                                     party expenses reached 1.5 bln zloty. This year’s      in advance.
 a string was pulled to move the container in-                                                                                                                     sum has not been released due to commercial                If revellers miss out on getting tickets to a pri-
 sider and a bell rang to summon someone to                                                                                                                        confidentiality, but it is expected to be higher       vate function, there are always boundless clubs
 retrieve the infant.                                                                                                                                              still. Krakow Council in association with Pol-         and pubs offering simple fare and entertainment
     The home existed until the end of World                                                                                                                       sat television is holding a party for an estimated     on the night. Yet, there is no guarantee of entry
 War II. Currently Warsaw has a Little Child                                                                                                                       140,000 people in the town square. Musical en-         with Krakowian’s overflowing passion for the
 Home on ul. Nowogrodzka 75.                                                                                                                                       tertainment will vary from the hits of the 60s to      night, as the Forum hotel student’s party for
     “‘The Window of Life’ was established                                                                                                                         present ones performed by popular Polish artists       1,000 being booked out within weeks bearings
 to take note of a problem of babies thrown                                                                                                                        such as Budka Suflera and Bajm.                        testimony.
 on the scrap heap,” said Bogdan Kordula, a                                                                                                                            “Some people seem puzzled when they see                “Right before New Year’s Eve, we start get-
 priest.                                                                                                                                                           the diversity of artists billed to perform at this     ting information from the clubs who want to
     Mothers who hide their pregnancy and do                                                                                                                       year’s party. We want people of all generations        advertise their parties with our web site,” said
 not want to give birth at hospital can leave                                                                                                                      to have fun, that’s why it’s rather a multigenera-     Maciej Ochalek from www.knajpy.krakow.pl, a
 the baby in “The Window of Life” without                                                                                                                          tional event,” said Maja Drexler from Krakow’s         pub and clubbing portal. “Some clubs even call
 any legal consequences.                                                                                                                                           Festival Bureau. “People from all over Poland          us to cancel their ads before the reservation rush
     “Unfortunately, giving up an infant with-                                                                                                                     look forward to the event.”                            starts, as they’re already booked out.”
 out resigning parents’ rights lengthens the                                                                                                                           The party begins at 20:00 and continues                For those looking for something different this
 adoption procedure. However, we must re-                                                                                                                          through until 01:30. People with disabilities and      year, there is the underground ball at Wieliczka
 member that there is a child’s life at stake.                                                                                                                     their caregivers are catered to, with a special area   Salt Mine’s ball room. The venue is 125 meters
 It is better for the infant to find a new family                                                                                                                  set aside near the stage. For safety reasons, there    underground with dinner, music and entertain-
 than die.”                                                                                                                                                        are over 800 private security personnel on hand,       ment provided by Piwnica pod Baranami cabaret
     Beata Stawiarska, chairman of the Public                                                                                                                      along with police and city security staff.             artists. Then again, revellers can enter the New
 Adoption Protection Center in Krakow, says         there without any legal consequences.               difficult for a hospital to provide the same                   At midnight, Mayor Majchrowski will wel-           Year with a splash at Park Wodny aqua park in
 the idea of “The Window of Life” is wrong.            After leaving the baby, a mother has up to       privacy.                                                   come in the New Year with fellow Krakowians            a Jacuzzi.
 She says it should not be made easier for a        six weeks to make a final decision.                    Still, leaving a baby in “The Window” is                followed by an enlightening show of fireworks.             Outside of Krakow, revellers can begin the
 mother to abandon her baby.                           If she decides to give up the baby, it will be   an extreme situation, the last hope for un-                Special buses and trams have been made avail-          New Year with a high in Zakopane with a fire-
     Giving up a baby anonymously is not a          put up for adoption.                                wanted children who were not left at a hospi-              able to deliver revelers home after the event.         works show on Gubalowka Mountain. Hotels,
 crime in Poland. Before a woman decides to            But the main goal of the Nazaretanki nuns,       tal. And so the Nazaretanki nuns make their                    For those who prefer to stay indoors and           pensions or karcma (folklore inns) will have
 take such a step, she can get professional psy-    and the reason for “The Window of Life,” is         appeal: “All the mothers who cannot bring                  enjoy the festivities from the comfort of their        food and folk music on hand before their sleigh
 chological care at the Adoption Center.            to save a child from a terrible death. And for      up your children– do not kill them, do no                  armchair, Polsat television will be providing          ride through the mountains to share the moment
     A baby left in “The Window of Life” has        some desperate women, the cloak of ano-             not throw them on the scrap heaps, please.                 live coverage throughout the night. The full list      with someone special.
 no birth certificate and no identity.              nymity is important.                                Leave them here in ‘The Window of Life.’                   of artists performing on the night is available at:        “We expect around 200,000 people in Za-
     Not all mothers know that after giving            The convent is not visually monitored,           Let them be adopted. Give them a chance for                www.biurofestiwalowe.pl.                               kopane during that time,” said Regina Watycka
 birth to a baby in a hospital, they may leave it   and it is located on a quiet street. It is more     life and love.”                                                All around Krakow, the city comes alive on         from Zakopane’s Promotion Bureau.
                                                                                                                                                                   the big night with restaurants, pubs and hotels




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Silesian Border Guards learn sign language
                                                              Kinga Rodkiewicz                “During the course, we have      shake them quickly. And when         Zone with the Czech Republic,
                                                               STAFF JOURNALIST            learned how to recognize the        we ask for the documents, we         Slovakia, Hungary, Estonia,
                                                                                           imposters,” said Anna Dolecka,      put our hands in a way simi-         Latvia and Lithuania.
                                                           Fifty border guards from        a participant in the course. “A     lar to an open book and then            The Schengen agreement
                                                        Silesia will learn sign language   person who is truly deaf doesn’t    we imitate stamping it,” Agata       means that Poles will no longer
                                                        during a 60-hour course.           look around. He only looks at       Tanska, director of the Special      have to present identity docu-
                                                           With that knowledge they        the questioner’s face, because      Center for the Deaf in Raciborz,     ments at the borders of all the
                                                        will be able to recognize the      he tries to read the lip move-      told the newspaper Dziennik Za-      “old” EU member states, except
                                                        difference between people who      ments.”                             chodni.                              for the UK and Ireland.
                                                        are deaf or hearing impaired and      Sign language uses manual           Guards who have taken the            However, even if the border
                                                        smugglers and others who try to    communication, body language        course are enthusiastic.             checks disappear, border guards
                                                        deceive the guards.                and lip patterns instead of sound      “We have received the sign        will continue to patrol the near-
                                                           According to the daily news-    to convey meaning — simulta-        alphabet on special boards. It       by roads.
                                                        paper Dziennik Zachodni, the       neously combining hand shapes,      isn’t very difficult, and for sure      “In this work, we will also
                                                        guards often encounter travelers   orientation and movement of the     it will be useful in our work,”      meet with deaf people,” Maj.
                                                        who have illegal passports and     hands, arms or body, and facial     said Magdalena Rachuba, a            Cezary Zaborski told Dzien-
                                                        who pretend to be foreigners       expressions to express fluidly a    course participant.                  nik Zachodni. “That’s why the
                                                        who are unable to answer ques-     speaker’s thoughts.                    Knowledge of sign language        guards should know how to be-
                                                        tions. Often, Polish smugglers        “To say ‘please,’ we place       will continue to be useful even      have to avoid needless misun-
                                                        use the same method.               our hands as if to pray and twice   when Poland joins the Schengen       derstandings and conflicts.”




                                                                                                                                                      MUSIC TRAIN

     Elektrowoz music train                                                                                                                                          THE KRAKOW POST


                                                                                                                                                               Taking the music to the mass-
                                                                                                                                                            es Elektrowoz Festival toured
                                                                                                                                                            through Katowice to Krakow in
                                                                                                                                                            December with the entertainment
                                                                                                                                                            never leaving the tracks.
                                                                                                                                                               Elektrowoz Festival is a multi-
                                                                                                                                                            platform event taking place in Ty-
                                                                                                                                                            chy, Katowice and Krakow with
                                                                                                                                                            a program of performing and vi-
                                                                                                                                                            sual arts targeted at young people.
                                                                                                                                                            Rather than young people going
                                                                                                                                                            to cultural venues, the organizers
                                                                                                                                                            have decided to bring the cultural
                                                                                                                                                            event to them via rail.
                                                                                                                                                               The line-up included RG Boys,
                                                                                                                                                            Me Myself and BTR, Clapham,
                                                                                                                                                            South and Tropain from the alter-
                                                                                                                                                            nate music scene. Jon Kennedy
                                                                                                                                                            from the UK headlined the event
                                                                                                                                                            with his fusion of funk, soul and
                                                                                                                                                            hip-hop sounds. “It’s all about the
                                                                                                                                                            feel of each track. I’m not really
                                                                                                                                                            trying to create a specific sound
                                                                                                                                                            of my own or break new boundar-
                                                                                                                                                            ies. It’s still a learning process for
                                                                                                                                                            me. I try to interpret what’s in my
                                                                                                                                                            head through sounds. Ultimately, I
                                                                                                                                                            suppose, the drum patterns shape
                                                                                                                                                            the feel of each track, what ever
                                                                                                                                                            happens from then on in is a pretty
                                                                                                                                                            organic process,” said Kennedy.
                                                                                                                                                               Kennedy was joined by local
                                                                                                                                                            rising star Wojciech Kucharczyk
                                                                                                                                                            promoting his current psycho-
                                                                                                                                                            funk project “The Complainer.”
                                                                                                                                                            Photographer Anna Rozmus from
                                                                                                                                                            the Polish daily Polska also partic-
                                                                                                                                                            ipated in the event with her “From
                                                                                                                                                            Light to Shadow” exhibition.




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DECEMBER 20-JANUARY 9, 2008                                                  C L A S S I F I E D S   The Krakow Post

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