Job Analysis by malj


									Job Analysis
           What is Job Analysis
•    Job Analysis is the process of determining the nature
     of a job by collecting & organizing information relevant
     to the job.
•    It contains information relating to the following five
1.   Work products or what the job seeks to accomplish
2.   Necessary worker activities or behaviors required by
     the job.
3.   Equipment used
4.   Factors in t6he work environment
5.   Personal characteristics required to do the job. E.g.
     phy. Strength, interest etc.
                     Job Analysis

                                    Job Responsibilities
    Job tasks         Job Duties
                                      (Obligations to
(identifiable work   (larger work
     activity)         segment)
                                      tasks & Duties)
         Uses of Job Analysis
•   HRP
•   Recruitment
•   Selection
•   Placement & Orientation
•   Training
•   Employee safety
•   Performance Appraisals
  The Process of Job Analysis
1. Organizational Analysis
2. Selection of representative positions to
   be analyzed.
3. Collection of job Analysis Data
4. Preparation of Job Description
5. Preparation of Job Specification.
        Methods of Job Analysis
• It divided into Four basic types.
                                  Interview techniques
                                  Job Performance Meth
                                  Direct Observation
          Job Performance
• In this method , the job analyst actually
  performs the job.
• The analyst receives first hand experience
  of contextual factors on the job including
  physical risks, social demands, emotional
  pressures & mental requirements.
        Observation Methods
•  Observation of work activities & worker
   behaviors is a method of job analysis which
   can be used independently or in combination
   with other methods of job analysis.
• Three methods of job analysis based on
   observation are:
1. Direct observation
2. Work methods Analysis
3. Critical incident technique
           Direct Observation
• Using direct observation, a person conducting
  the analysis simply observes employees in the
  performance of their duties, recording
  observations as they are made.
• Everything is observed by the analyst: what the
  wrk env is like % any factors relevant to the job.
• It has certain natural limitations:
a) They can’t capture the mental aspects of jobs.
b) It provides little information related to personal
      Critical incident Technique
•    It involves observation & recording of the examples of
     particularly effective or ineffective in terms of results
     produced by the behavior.
•    The following information should be recorded :
a)   What led to the incident & the situation in which it
b)   Exactly what the employee did that was particularly
     effective or ineffective?
c)   The perceived consequences or results of the behavior
d)   A judgment as to the degree of control an employee
     had over sthe results his or her behavior produced
     Work Methods Analysis
• A sophisticated observation method, work
  methods analysis is used to describe
  manual & repetitive production jobs such
  as factory or assembly-line jobs.

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