Resume Updated on 2/2/2012
Christoph C. Borel-Donohue
Dr. Christoph C. Borel has over 22 years experience in remote sensing. He has worked in
microwave and millimeter remote sensing, optical and infrared remote sensing and published
over 70 papers.
Ph.D. in Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Massachusetts,
Amherst, Massachusetts. (May, 1988)
Dipl. El. Ing. ETH in Electrical and Computer Engineering from the Swiss Federal
Institute of Technology. (January, 1981)
Matura Typus B (Languages and Humanities) from Gymnasium, Solothurn,
Switzerland. (September, 1976)
Graduate course work in Image Analysis and Synthesis, Speech Signal Analysis and Synthesis,
Information Theory, Coding, Remote Sensing, Radar Systems, Microwave Systems
Design, Advanced Electromagnetic Theory, Antenna Design, Mathematical Physics,
Digital Transmission Systems, Probability Theory, Detection and Estimation Theor y,
Statistical Communication Theory, Signal Theory, Computer Graphics, Semiconductor
Devices, VLSI Design, Control Theory, Network Theory and Artificial Intelligence.
Senior member of IEEE
Associate editor for IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing for the
area of Optical and Hyperspectral Remote Sensing (1998-2001)
Member of Assoc. of Computing Machinery (2005)
Chairman of Los Alamos Chapter of the Laser and Electro Optics (LEOS) Society of
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) (1995-2000)
Member of the Los Alamos Section of IEEE executive committee (1992-2000)
Chairman of Los Alamos Section of IEEE (1993)
Program Chairman of the Los Alamos Section of IEEE (1992)
Member of IEEE : Antennas and Propagation Society (1984-89), Geoscience and
Remote Sensing Society (1983-present), Laser and Electro Optics Society (1995-1999),
Microwave Theory Techniques Society (1984-89), Aerospace and Electronic Systems
Society (1980-1984), Acoustics Speech and Signal Processing Society (1980-1983),
Communications Society (1980-1984) and Computer Society (1986-1996).
Member in the International Society for Optical Engineering (SPIE), 1993 -2000.
Student member in the International Society for Optical Engineering ( SPIE), 1985-1987.
Student Member in the Swiss Association of Electrical Engineers, 1979-1983.
Member in the Swiss Astronomical Society, 1973-1980.
Achievement award by International, Space and Response (ISR) division of Los Alamos
National Laboratory, 2004.
Special recognition award by National Reconnaissance Organization, 2003.
Team award for Multispectral Thermal Imager (MTI), 2002.
Air Force Research Laboratory National Laboratory Fellow from October 2001-
Multi-angle Imaging Spectro-Radiometer team award, 2001.
Millennium Medal of IEEE for services to Los Alamos section, May, 2000.
Senior Member of IEEE, November, 1997.
Achievement Award by the ”Los Alamos Award Program” for development of a novel
method to retrieve columnar water vapor amounts over many surfaces, July 1996.
”Best of Session” award from the ERIM 11th Thematic Conference on Geologic Remote
Sensing, Las Vegas, Nevada, February 1996.
First prize in the Student Paper Contest of the International Union o f Radio Science
(URSI). Paper entitled “A Scattering Model for Foliage in the Millimeter Wave Region
using Fractal Theory,” Boulder, Colorado, 1986.
Prize of the Swiss Association of Electrical Engineers (SEV) and the Institute of
Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) for diploma thesis entitled “Coding of
Speech Signals with Pitch Synchronous Segmentation,” Zurich, Switzerland, 1981.
Three prizes for science projects on the cycloid curve (2) and high speed photography of
falling drops of milk (1), Solothurn, 1976, Winterthur, 1976 and Olten, 1977.
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Ball Aerospace & Technologies Corp., January 2005 - Present
Technical Manager, Sr.
Work under Chef Scientist Dr. Charles Hewitt on various spectral projects under the
Work on a BAA for AFRL in the area of hyperspectral remote sensing.
Work on comparing ground measurements and simulations in the visible to determine
aerosol optical properties.
Work on an automatic version of the temperature-emissivity separation algorithm
Obtained a 4 year contract to work on atmospheric corrections in the visible through thermal
infrared for AFRL.
Helped on various initiatives to enhance Ball Aerospace‟s capabilities in the area of cluster
computing and biometrics.
Los Alamos National Laboratory, August 1990 – January 2005
Technical Staff member
Staff Member in the Space and Remote Sensing Sciences group in the Nonproliferation
and International Security Division (NIS) and International Space and Response
Division (ISR) of the Los Alamos National Laboratory.
Principal investigator of the Automatic Retrieval of Temperature and Emissivity using Spectral
Smoothness (ARTEMISS) for the National Geospatial Intelligence Agency (NGA). The
goal of this program is to retrieve temperature and emissivity from hyperspectral
thermal infrared and mid-wave thermal infrared sensor data (e.g. Sharp, Sebass,...).
Distinguished Space Industry and National Laboratory Fellow by the Airforce Research Laboratory
Space Vehicle Division (AFRL-VSOE). Spent a sabbatical year as an IPA at Hanscom AFB
in the Battle Space Environmental Division from October 2001 to September 2002. Plan was
to work on data analysis for Warfighter I but since it failed at launch started the
development of ARTEMISS.
Work on end-to-end modeling and data analysis of a Multi-spectral Thermal Imager (MTI)
for DOE-NN. Developed algorithms include robust and physics based sea surface
temperature retrieval, atmospheric pre-corrected differential absorption (APDA) for water
vapor retrieval, atmospheric corrections, cloud and water masks, Entropy and PIXON based
image sharpening, 1/f noise mitigation, automatic image registration, mosaicing and
Work on end-to-end modeling, calibration and exploitation of thermal hyper-spectral data
under the HIRIS program sponsored by DOE-NN. Developed novel algorithm to separate
emissivity and temperature using a spectral smoothness criterion. Simulation of realistic 3 d
hyper-spectral scenes in the infrared with time-dependent view direction and moving gas
Principal investigator on a NASA program entitled: “Retrieval of Land Surface Temperature
Over Complex Terrain Using Multiple Sensor Data” to compare various land surface
temperature retrievals and conduct multi-satellite and multi-scale studies over various land
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surface types involving MTI, ASTER, MODIS and MISR (to see if there are connection
between the bi-directional reflectance distribution function and the directional radiance field
in the IR).
Work with a researcher from NIH on automatic registration and analysis of multi-spectral
and thermal brain imagery for functional brain imaging.
Work on applications of the radiosity method for remote sensing of natural surfaces.
Develop a 3-D volumetric radiosity program to simulate atmospheric effects of satellite
imagery. Work on defining bidirectional reflectance distribution functions for a Multi -angle
Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) for the Earth Observation System (EOS).
Work on modeling, analysis and corrections of imaging spectrometry data for the High
Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (HIRIS-EOS) and the Airborne Visible/Infrared
Spectrometer (AVIRIS) for canopy chemistry and environmental monitoring of waste sites.
Work on image analysis for ground based measurements of an artificial plant canopy
structure. Distributed radiosity algorithms and distributed ray tracing of computer
reconstructed walnut trees using a cluster of 16 IBM RS 6000/530 workstations.
Work on proposals and working groups for land surface temperature retrievals, distributed
satellites, disaster monitoring, high performance computing, canopy chemistry sensing,
distributed energy radiation balance satellites for global warming applications, non-invasive
waste site characterization, infrared scene simulation systems, Space Exploration Initiative,
bidirectional reflectance distribution modeling and multi-angular infrared modeling for land
Work on the design of atmospheric correction and system simulation algorithms for a
satellite project for environmental remote sensing. Member of the Laboratory Directed
Research and Development (LDRD) category team on Mathematics and Computing.
Geophysics and Planetary Physics (IGPP) in Los Alamos National Laboratory, April
1990 - August 1990
Work on atmospheric correction algorithms for multi-spectral and multi-angular data
sets from a NASA field campaign over the Konza prairie.
Developed 3-D visualization program and color encoding algorithm.
Finalize publications on application of the radiosity method in remote sensing and
preparing of publications on an artificial canopy experiment.
Applied Computing Systems Inc, Los Alamos, New Mexico, November 1989- March
Worked on design of man-machine interfaces for highly interactive, computer-based war
gaming systems which run on UNIX machines using C, Postscript and NeWS. Gained
experience in ObjectOriented programming languages (NeWS and Postscript) and C.
Los Alamos National Laboratory, May 1988-October 1989
Postdoctoral Research Fellow
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Member of the group for Remote Sensing and High Power Laser Beam Propagation of
the Theoretical Division. Worked on imaging problems of vegetation canopies in the
visible and near infrared region.
Created an image synthesis program to model the retro reflective peak (“Hot Spot”).
Designed and built an artificial canopy experiment (ACE) to measure the bi-directional
reflectance. The canopy consists of 15 layers with 29 x 29 disks with a diameter of 5 cm
in a 3 m x 3 m x 1.5 m structure. The measurements are taken with a CCD camera and
stored on optical disc. Presented the progress of the ACE project at a NASA workshop
in Santa Barbara, CA.
Developed global illumination algorithms (Radiosity) for plant canopies for VAX, CRAY
and UNIX workstations using a new form factor algorithm. Wrote several papers on
millimeter wave propagation and a paper on applications of the radiosity method in
optical remote sensing of 3-D surfaces. Developed a distributed image processing
system using an IBM-PC AT as a 256 color display and VAX/CRAY as fast processors.
University of Massachusetts, Amherst, September 1983 – April 1988
Worked on data analysis of radar measurements (215 GHz and C-Band scatterometers).
Established database for Normalized Radar Cross Sections and scattering models at
Developed a new model for backscattering from trees using Fractal Theory. Created
various computer programs for 2-d and 3-d computer graphics and image processing.
Used a run-length image compression scheme to transmit pictures from a main frame to
Made Radar Cross Section measurements of single leaves using a HP 8510 B Network
Analyzer at 35 and 94 GHz.
Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich, Switzerland, February 1981 – July
Established laboratory for fiber optic communication systems. Conducted research
on fiber optic transmission systems for Swiss Postal Service (PTT).
Measurement and modeling of the Bit-Error-Structure of Optical Communication
Systems. Advised four semester projects.
Designed single side band modulation laboratory experiment.
Demonstrated amplitude and frequency modulation and digital coding experi ments in a
course on Communication Systems.
Prepared problems for the final examination in Communications Systems. Was
responsible for undergraduate laboratory and help sessions in high frequency
technology. Authored several research proposals and reports.
71 papers 11 in peer reviewed publications)
2 reports and
3 science projects reports.
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1 C.C. Borel, “A Binocular Mirror Telescope,” Orion, Publication of the Swiss
Astronomical Society, Vol.34., No.152, p. 10, 1976.
2 C.C. Borel, “The Cycloid,” Mathematical Paper for the Swiss Youth Science
Competition, 1976-1977, 46 p.
3 C.C. Borel, “The Cycloid,” Mathematical Paper for the Swiss Youth Science
Competition Journal, 10. Jg., No.6, pp. 8-9., Nov/Dec 1977
4 C.C. Borel, “Photography of Milk Drops,” Technical Paper for the Swiss Youth
Science Competition, 64 p, 1974-1977.
5 C.C. Borel, “Photography of Milk Drops,” Schweizer Jugend Forscht, No.3, pp. 13 -14,
6 C.C. Borel and B. Uvacek, “Speech Synthesis using Diphones,” Semester Project ,
Institut f¨ur Technische Physik ETHZ, 123 p, 1980.
7 C.C. Borel, “Construction of the Lyapunov-Function and Computation of Region of
Stability using Zubov‟s Method,” Semester Project, Institut f¨ur Automatik und In -
dustrielle Elektronik ETHZ, 115 p, 1980.
8 C.C. Borel, “Speech Signal Compression using Pitch Synchronous Segmentation,”
Diploma Thesis, Institut f¨ur Kommunikationstechnik ETHZ, Part 1: 85 p, Part 2: 95 p,
9 C.C. Borel, “Investigation of the Bit Error Structure of Fiber Optical Communica tion
Systems,” Reports on the Fiber Optics Project for Swiss Postal Service (PTT), Institut
f¨ur Kommunikationstechnik ETHZ, 4 reports, 1981-1983.
10 C.C. Borel, “Evaluation of the Bit-Error-Structure of Optical Data Transmission
Systems,” 9 th European Conference on Optical Communication, ECOC‟83 (23-26
October 1983) , Geneva.
11 C.C. Borel, Ram Narayanan and Robert McIntosh, “Description of a Databank of Nor -
malized Radar Cross Section of Terrain,”, 1985 International Geoscience and Remote
Sensing Symposium (IGARSS‟85), (7-9 October 1985), Amherst/Massachusetts,
Digest Vol.1, pp. 176-182.
12 C.C. Borel, “A Scattering Model for Foliage in the Millimeter Wave Region using
Fractal Theory,” URSI National Radio Science Meeting (13-16 January 1986),
Boulder, Colorado, presented during Plenary Session, 14 p.
13 C.C. Borel and Robert E. McIntosh, “A Backscattering Model for various Foliated De-
ciduous Tree Types at Millimeter Wavelengths,” AP-S/URSI International Symposium (8-13
June 1986), Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, URSI Program and Abstracts, pp. 144.
14 C.C. Borel, Robert McIntosh, Ram Narayanan and Calvin Swift, “FINRACS (File of
Normalized Radar Cross Sections): A Computer Program for Research of the Scattering of
Radar Signals by Natural Surfaces,” Special IGARSS‟85 Issue of IEEE Transactions
on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Vol. 24, pp. 1020-1022, November 1986.
15 C.C. Borel and Robert McIntosh, “A Backscattering Model for various Foliated De -
ciduous Tree Types at Millimeter Wavelengths,” International Geoscience and Remote
Sensing Symposium, IGARSS‟86, Session on Radar Forestry (8-11 September 1986,
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16 C.C. Borel and Robert McIntosh, “File of Normalized Radar Cross Sections,” Int. Sym -
posium Microwave Signatures in Remote Sensing (19-22 January 1987, Chalmers
University of Technology, Goteborg, Sweden.
17 C.C. Borel and Robert McIntosh, “Instruction Manual to Operate FINRACS (File of
Normalized Radar Cross Sections),” Final Technical Report, RADC-TR-87-79, Vol. II
(of two), Rome Air Development Center, Air Force Systems Command, Griffis Air
Force Base, NY 13441-5700, July 1987, 119 p.
18 R. Narayanan, C.C Borel and Robert McIntosh, “Radar Backscatter Characteristics of
Trees at 215 GHz,” IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Vol. 26,
no.3, pp. 217-228, May 1988.
19 C.C. Borel and Robert E. McIntosh, “Measurement and Modeling of the Radar Cross
Section of Leaves at 94 GHz,” 1988 URSI Radio Science Meeting (6-10 June 1988),
Syracuse University, New York, pp.22.
20 C.C. Borel-Donohue, “Models for Backscattering of Millimeter Waves from Vegetative
Canopies ” , Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering,
University of Massachusetts, September 1988, p.285.
21 R. Narayanan, C.C Borel and Robert McIntosh, “Radar Backscatter Characteristics of
Trees at 215 GHz,” Int. Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS‟88
(13-16 September 1988), Edinburgh, Scotland.
22 C.C. Borel and Robert E. McIntosh, “Leaf Backscattering Measurements and Modeling
at 94 GHz,” Int. Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS‟88 (13-16
September 1988), Edinburgh, Scotland.
23 C.C. Borel, Siegfried A.W. Gerstl and Bill J. Powers, “Modeling of the Angular Re -
flectance of an Artificial Plant Canopy near the Retro Reflection Peak in the Optical
Regime,” Proceedings of IGARSS‟89 and 12 th Canadian Symposium on Remote
Sensing, Vancouver, Canada (July 10-14 1989).
24 C.C. Borel and Siegfried A.W. Gerstl, “Principles of the Radiosity Method for Canopy
Reflectance Modeling,” Proc. of IGARSS‟90, Vol.3, Washington D.C. (20-24 May
1990), pp. 1735-1737.
25 C.C. Borel and Robert E. McIntosh, “Millimeter Wave Backscatter From Deciduous
Trees,” IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol.38, no.3, pp. 1391 -
1398, September 1990.
26 C.C. Borel and Siegfried A.W. Gerstl, “Simulation of Partially Obscured Scenes
Using the Radiosity Method”, SPIE Technical Symp. on Opt. Eng. and Phot. in
Aerosp. Sens. (1-5 April 1991), Orlando, FL, Vol.1486, pp. 271-277.
27 C.C. Borel, Siegfried A.W. Gerstl and Bill J. Powers, “The Radiosity Method in
Optical Remote Sensing of Structured 3-D Surfaces”, Remote Sensing of the
Environment, Vol. 36, p.13-44, 1991.
28 Siegfried A.W. Gerstl and C.C. Borel, “Principles of the Radiosity Method Versus
Radiative Transfer for Canopy Reflectance Modeling,”, IEEE Transactions on
Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Vol.30, No. 2, pp.271-275, March 1992.
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29 C.C. Borel and Siegfried A.W. Gerstl, “Remote Sensing Applications of the
Extended Radiosity Method,” Proc. of IGARSS‟92, Houston, TX, pp.503-504 and LA-
30 C.C. Borel and Siegfried A.W. Gerstl, “Atmospheric Corrections using the Volume
Radiosity Method,” Proc. of IGARSS‟92, Houston, TX, p.1231 -1234 and LA-UR-92-709.
31 C.C. Borel and Siegfried A.W. Gerstl, “Adjacency-Blurring-Effect of Scenes Modeled
by the Radiosity Method,” Proc. SPIE‟92, Orlando, FL, pp. 620 -624 and LA-UR-92-
32 C.C. Borel and Siegfried A.W. Gerstl, “Non-linear spectral mixing models for
vegetative and soil surfaces,” Remote Sens. of the Environment , 47:403-416, 1994
and LA-UR92-1635, 1992.
33 C.C. Borel and Siegfried A.W. Gerstl, “„Are Leaf Canopy Chemistry Signatures Pre -
served at the Canopy Level?,” Proc. IGARSS‟94, August 1994.
34 C.C. Borel and Siegfried A.W. Gerstl, “Radiosity Based Model for Terrain Effects on
Multi-Angular Views,” Proc. IGARSS‟94, August 1994.
35 C.C. Borel and D. Schlaepfer, “Atmospheric pre-corrected differential absorption
techniques to retrieve columnar water vapor: theory and simulations,” 6th Annual
JPL Airborne Earth Science Workshop (4-8 March 1996), Pasadena, CA, 10 p.
36 D. Schlaepfer, C.C. Borel, J. Keller and K.I. Itten, “Atmospheric pre -corrected differ-
ential absorption techniques to retrieve columnar water vapor: application to AVIRIS
91/95 data,” 6th Annual JPL Airborne Earth Science Workshop(4-8 March 1996),
Pasadena, CA, 10 p.
37 C.C. Borel, “Nonlinear spectral mixing theory to model multi -spectral signatures,”
Proc. Eleventh Thematic Conference and Workshops on Applied Geologic Remote
Sensing (27-29 February 1996), Las Vegas, NV, pp. II-11 - II-20.
38 G.Gisler and C.C. Borel, “Neural network identifications of spectral signatures,”
Proc. Eleventh Thematic Conference and Workshops on Applied Geologic Re mote
Sensing (27-29 February 1996), Las Vegas, NV, pp. II-21-29.
39 B.W. Smith, C.C. Borel, W.B. Clodius, B.E. Laubscher, P.G. Weber, “End -to-end
performance modeling of passive remote sensing systems,” SPIE AeroSense‟96,
Proc. Vol. 2743, April 1996.
40 B.J. Cooke, B.E. Laubscher, C.C. Borel, T. Lomheim, “Methodology for rapid IR multi-
spectral electro-optic imaging system performance analysis and synthesis,” SPIE
AeroSense‟96, Proc. Vol. 2743, April 1996.
41 C.C. Borel, W.B. Clodius and J.Johnson, “Water vapor retrieval over many surface
types,” SPIE AeroSense‟96, Proc. Vol. 2758, April 1996.
42 C.C. Borel, C. Tornow, S.A.W. Gerstl, “Accurate top-of-the atmosphere albedo
determination from multiple views of the MISR instrument,” SPIE AeroSense‟96,
Proc. Vol. 2758, April 1996.
43 B.G. Henderson, C.C. Borel, J. Theiler and B.W. Smith, “Image quality degradation
and retrieval errors introduced by registration and interpolation of multi -spectral
digital images,” SPIE AeroSense‟96, Proc. Vol. 2759, pp.149 -160, April, 1996.
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44 C.C. Borel, B.J. Cooke and B.E. Laubscher, “Partial removal of correlated noise in
thermal imagery,” SPIE AeroSense‟96, Proc. Vol. 2759, pp.131 -138, April 1996.
45 C.C. Borel and S.A.W. Gerstl, “Accurate top-of-the-atmosphere albedo
determination from multiple views of the MISR instrum ent,” International Geoscience
and Remote Sensing Symposium, Lincoln, NE, May 27-31, 1996.
46 D. Schlaepfer, J. Keller and C.C. Borel, “Retrieval of terrain adjusted water vapor
distribution and humidity profiles from imaging spectrometry data,” Progress i n
Electromagnetics Research Symposium, PIERS‟96 (8-12 July 1996), Innsbruck,
47 C.C. Borel and S.A.W. Gerstl, “Using BRDFs for accurate albedo calculations and
adjacency effect corrections,” Int. Workshop on Multiangular Rem. Sens.:
Measurements, Models and Applications (13-18 September 1996), Beijing, China.
48 C.C. Borel and S.A.W. Gerstl, “Using BRDFs for accurate albedo calculations and
adjacency effect corrections,”, Journal of Remote Sensing, Vol.1, 1997.
49 C. C. Borel, “Iterative Retrieval of Surface Emissivity and Temperature for a Hy-
perspectral Sensor,” First JPL Workshop on Remote Sensing of Land Surface
Emissivity, JPL, May 6-8,1997
50 C.C. Borel, S.A.W. Gerstl, “Non-linear spectral mixing models for vegetative and
soil surfaces”, SPIE Milestone Series, Optical Remote Sensing, J.A. Smith (ed.),
1997. (reprint of a RSE paper from 1992)
51 Christoph C. Borel, ”Surface Emissivity and Temperature Retrieval for a Hyperspec -
tral Sensor”, IGARSS‟98 conference in Seattle, WA, July 6-10, 1998.
52 Christoph C. Borel, William B. Clodius and Pierre V. Villeneuve, ”Synthetic
hyperspectral data cubes for complex thermal scenes” SPIE conference on Imaging
Spectrometry IV, July 19-24, 1998, San Diego, CA.
53 D. Schlaepfer, C.C. Borel, J. Keller and K.I Itten, ”Atmospheric pre-corrected differential
absorption technique to retrieve columnar water vapor”, RSE Vol. 65, no. 3, pp353 -
54 Christoph C. Borel, William B. Clodius, John J. Szymanski and James Theiler,
”Comparing robust and physically based sea surface temperature retrievals for high
resolution, multispectral thermal sensors using one or multiple looks”, SPIE
conference 3717 on Algorithms for Multispectral and Hyperspectral Imagery, Orlando,
5-9 April, 1999.
55 Christoph C. Borel, Pierre V. Villeneuve, William B. Clodius, John J. Szymanski and
Anthony B. Davis,”Practical atmospheric correction algorithms for a multispectral
sensor from the visible through the thermal spectral region”, SPIE conference 3717 on
Algorithms for Multispectral and Hyperspectral Imagery, Orlando, 5-9 April, 1999.
56 J.J. Szymanski, C.C. Borel, Q.O. Harberger, P. Smolarkiewicz and J. Theiler,
”Subpixel temperature retrieval with multispectral sensors”, SPIE conference 3717 on
Algorithms for Multispectral and Hyperspectral Imagery, Orlando, 5-9 April, 1999.
57 C. C. Borel, W. B. Clodius, A. B. Davis, B. W. Smith, J. J. Szymanski, J. P. Theiler, P.
V. Villeneuve and P. G. Weber: “MTI Core Science Retrieval Algorithms”, in: Imaging
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Spectrometry V, M. R. Descour and S. S. Shen, Editors, Denver, 18-23 July 1999,
Proc. SPIE Vol. 3753, (1999).
58 Christoph C. Borel, William B. Clodius, Steven P. Love, Barham W. Smith and Peter
C. Ladelfe, “Calibration techniques for imaging FTIR data”, 1999 Conference on Char -
acterization and Radiometric Calibration for Remote Sensing, Space Dynamics
Laboratory, Utah State University, November 9-11, 1999.
59 Christoph C. Borel, William B. Clodius and Steven P. Love, “Analysis techniques for
imaging FTIR data”, 1999 ISSSR Conference, Las Vegas, Nevada, October 31-
November 4, 1999.
60 Christoph C. Borel and William Clodius, “Recipes for Writing Algorithms for At -
mospheric Corrections and Temperature/Emissivity Separations in the Thermal Regime for
a Multi-Spectral Sensor”, SPIE Aerosense conf. 4381-24, Orlando, Florida, April 16-20,
61 Christoph C. Borel, Karen L. Hirsch and Lee K. Balick, “Recipes for writing algorithms
to retrieve columnar water vapor for 3-band multi-spectral data”, SPIE Aerosense
conf. 4381-44, Orlando, Florida, April 16-20, 2001.
62 Karen Lewis Hirsch, Lee Balick, Christoph Borel, and Peter McLachlan, “A
Comparison of Four Methods for Determining Precipitable Water Vapor Content from Multi-
Spectral Data”, SPIE Aerosense conf. 4381-45, Orlando, Florida, April 16-20, 2001.
63 Collins, E.F.; Roberts, D.A.; Borel, C.C., “Spectral mixture analysis of simulated
thermal infrared spectrometry data: An initial temperature estimate bounded TESSMA
search approach ”, Trans. Geosci. and Rem. Sens., Vol. 39, no.7, pp. 1435 -1446, July
64 Funk, C.C.; Theiler, J.; Roberts, D.A.; Borel, C.C., “Clustering to improve matched
filter detection of weak gas plumes in hyperspectral thermal imagery”, Trans. Geosci.
and Rem. Sens., Vol. 39, no.7, pp. 1410-1420, July 2001.
65 Christoph C. Borel, William B. Clodius, Steven P. Love, “Modeling of calibration
techniques for imaging FTIR data”, SPIE‟01 Paper, Conference 4480-24.
66 Christoph C. Borel, “Emissivity from Hyper-Spectral Thermal Image Data”, GOMAC, Tampa,
69 P. Chylek, C. Borel, A. Davis, S. Bender, J. Augustine, and G. Hodges, Effect of Broken
Clouds on Satellite Based Columnar Water Vapor Retrieval, IEEE Geosci. and Remote Sens.
Lett, 1, 175-179, 2004.
70 P. Chylek, and C. Borel, Mixed Phase Clouds Water/Ice Structure From High Spatial
Resolution Satellite Data, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L14104, doi:10.1029/2004GL020428, 2004.
71 C. Borel, Atmospheric and surface adjacency effects modeled by the radiosity method, 27th
Annual Review of Atmospheric Transmission Models, Lexington, June 15-16, 2005.
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72 Cooke, B.J.; Lomheim, T.S.; Laubscher, B.E.; Rienstra, J.L.; Clodius, W.B.; Bender, S.C.;
Weber, P.G.; Smith, B.W.; Vampola, J.L.; Claassen, P.J.; Ballard, M.; Galbraith, A.E.; Borel,
C.C.; Atkins, W.H.; Modeling the MTI Electro-Optic System Sensitivity and Resolution
Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on
Volume 43, Issue 9, Sept. 2005, pp. 1950 – 1963.
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EXPERIENCE IN SPECIFIC AREAS
CURRENTLY USE PREVIOUSLY USED COURSE WORK
IDL/ENVI, Basic, course,
FORTRAN90/77, IDL programming
Programming Languages Postscript
Database Management Systems
Graphics Language/ Package Designer, Bryce workshop
Office Automation Packages OpenOffice, -
Operating Systems Windows ME, -
Geographic Information Systems:
GlobalMapper, Manifold GIS, Arcview, Grass, DIVA-GIS and others
Image Processing programs:
Adobe Photoshop, ACDSee, CorelPaint, ImageLab, SilverEye
Thermal Simulation program:
WinTherm from ThermoAnalytics
Extensive user and system administration experience with super-, mainframe, mini and
micro computers: (Pentium Beowulf LINUX cluster system, Sparc 1/2/10/20, IBM RS
6000-590, Silicon Graphics Inc. Indy and Indigo2, Connection Machine, Ardent Titan,
IBM PC and McIntosh, CM-2, CRAY, CDC, CYBER, VAX 8600/780/750, MicroVax II
GPX, HP 1000, HP 300, HP 9826, HP 85, Commodore Amiga)
Experience in installing, de-bugging and using peripherals such as: digitizing tablets,
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scanners, laser printers, plotters, mice, audio and video digitizers, digital cameras,
infrared cameras, frame buffers, automatic test equipment (logical analyzers, digital
storage scopes, voltmeters, frequency counters, signal generators and milli meter wave
network analyzer (HP 8510 B)), x/y stepper positioners, stepping motors, global
positioning receivers, still video cameras, spectrometers (ASD PS2 and ASD FieldSpec),
sun-photometer (Reagan), differential GPS, IR and CCD camera sensors.
Experience with mm wave test equipment: HP 8510 B Network Analyzer. Measurements
of backscattering from single leaves, needles and branches at 12, 35 and 94 GHz.
Programming of a weather station with temperature, humidity, soil moisture, light, wind
speed, wind direction and leaf moisture sensors.
Realization of complex computer controlled experiments and apparatus (computer
controlled telescope, bit error structure measurement, quartz resonator test system,
scattering measurements of vegetation parts) using IEEE-488 and interfaces (16 bit
GPIO, RS-232, 8 bit parallel).
Development of modular simulation tools for digital communication systems, image
processing and scattering processes.
Development of fast and efficient algorithms for 3-d computer graphics and image
synthesis using ray tracing.
Deep knowledge of IDL, ENVI, FORTRAN-77 and 90, BASIC, PASCAL , NeWS,
Postscript and some Visual Basic, C++, C and MODULA II. Wrote several hundred
programs covering numerical methods, 2D and 3D graphics, text and graphical user
interfaces, data bases and scientific visualization. Most of the programs are documented
with user manuals.
BPRC Resume: a5561ae2-f287-4246-b056-f342c74f2999.doc 13