Psychology 1 Destructive Obedience by dffhrtcv3

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									  Psychology 1 2001
 Lecture 2: Social Influence

Conformity and Obedience


        Dr Jenni Rice
  Room 3N03, Tel: 9365 2586
Obedience to Authority -
Study of Destructive Obedience
The Milgram experiment (1963)
 DESIGN
   40 male subjects, paid $10 for their participation
   portrayed as a learning experiment - study of
    whether punishment improves learning of word
    pairs
   subject always teacher
   “shocking” procedure - apparatus had 30 lever
    switches labelled according to voltage from 15 to
    450 volts
The Milgram experiment (1963)

 Experimental research question - how many
 “teachers” would fully obey authority and
 administer a 450 volt shock?
 Findings
   65% of subjects (26 out of 40) in Milgram’s first
    study administered 450 volts
   no one stopped prior to 300 volts, however 5
    (12.5%) would not continue past that point
Factors affecting destructive
obedience
 Proximity of the teacher to the learner
   visual closeness
   physical closeness
 Proximity of experimenter to the teacher
   adjacent room
   intercom or telephone
 Status of the experimenter/authority figure
   diminished status
   reduced legitimacy of experiment
Reasons for destructive
obedience
 Belief in legitimate authority
   less authority - less obedience
   lack of supervision - less obedience
   lack of consensus - less obedience
 Gradual commitment
   incremental undertaking
   “foot in the door”
 Social norm of obedience not challenged
   lack of disobedient role models
   lack of personal responsibility

								
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