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					Network+ Guide to Networks,
      Fourth Edition



        Chapter 10
 Netware-Based Networking
            Introduction to NetWare
• Novell released first NetWare in 1983
   – NetWare versions prior to 4.11 require IPX/SPX
     protocol suite
   – Refined to run over TCP/IP in version 4.11
• NetWare 6.5’s key features:
   – Support for multiple processors, multitasking, and
     SMP
   – Flexible use of virtual and physical memory
   – eDirectory
   – Simple, centralized management of multiple clients,
     resources, and services

Network+ Guide to Networks, 4e                             2
  Introduction to NetWare (continued)

• NetWare 6.5’s key features (continued):
   – Multiple, integrated Web development and delivery
     services
   – Support for multiple modern protocols
   – Excellent integration with other NOSs and support
     for many different clients
   – Remote client services
   – Built-in clustering services
   – Provisions for monitoring server performance,
     automatic backups, and resource utilization

Network+ Guide to Networks, 4e                           3
          NetWare Server Hardware
              Requirements




Table 10-1: Minimum hardware requirements for NetWare 6.5
servers
Network+ Guide to Networks, 4e                              4
    A Closer Look at the NetWare 6.5
      Operating System: NetWare
           Integrated Kernel
• Core of NetWare 6.5 OS
   – Oversees all critical server processes
   – Started by server.exe, which runs from server’s DOS
     partition
• Takes advantage of SMP
   – Up to 32 processors
• NetWare loadable modules (NLMs): Enable server
  to run variety of programs and services
   – Each consumes some of server’s memory and
     processor resources
Network+ Guide to Networks, 4e                         5
    A Closer Look at the NetWare 6.5
       Operating System: NetWare
      Integrated Kernel (continued)
• Load or unload NLMs through server’s console
   – Enables network administrator to manage disks and
     volumes and modify server parameters
   – Monitor: text-based menu system
   – ConsoleOne: graphical menu system
• X Server: NetWare 6.5 server’s graphical desktop
• Remote Manager: access console commands via
  Web browser on another network computer


Network+ Guide to Networks, 4e                           6
    A Closer Look at the NetWare 6.5
       Operating System: NetWare
      Integrated Kernel (continued)




Figure 10-1: A ConsoleOne client window
Network+ Guide to Networks, 4e            7
    A Closer Look at the NetWare 6.5
       Operating System: NetWare
      Integrated Kernel (continued)




Figure 10-2: Remote Manager Health Monitor
Network+ Guide to Networks, 4e               8
              NetWare File System

• Novell Storage Services (NSS):
   –   64-bit interface
   –   Files or directories up to 8 TB
   –   A trillion files in single directory
   –   File compression
   –   User and directory space restrictions
   –   Advanced fault-tolerance techniques
   –   Efficient use of memory
   –   Browser-based volume management
   –   Split volumes over multiple storage devices

Network+ Guide to Networks, 4e                       9
    NetWare File System (continued)

• NSS-based system may have up to four partitions
   – One must be a DOS partition
       • Primary boot partition
   – Unlimited volumes on each partition
• Volumes are basis for organizing files and
  directories
• NSS can combine free storage space from multiple
  storage devices into a storage pool
   – Provides flexibility
• iManager: GUI tool used to manage objects

Network+ Guide to Networks, 4e                  10
    NetWare File System (continued)




Figure 10-3: A storage pool in Novell Storage Services
Network+ Guide to Networks, 4e                           11
                       eDirectory

• NetWare 6.5’s directory database
   – System for organizing and managing multiple
     servers and their resources
   – Similar to Active Directory in Windows Server 2003
       • Treat every networked resource as separate object
         with distinct attributes
       • Objects belong to classes
• eDirectory information stored in database that
  supports LDAP
   – Compatible with other NOS and Internet directories

Network+ Guide to Networks, 4e                               12
             eDirectory (continued)




Figure 10-4: eDirectory objects
Network+ Guide to Networks, 4e        13
             eDirectory (continued)

• Schema: defined set of object classes and their
  properties
   – Base schema: simple schema installed by default
     with eDirectory
   – Extended schema: changes made to base schema
• Trees and OUs:
   – Hierarchical organization
   – Tree can have one root
       • Tree Object


Network+ Guide to Networks, 4e                         14
             eDirectory (continued)

• Trees and OUs (continued):
   – Below root is an organization object
       • Branches out in hierarchical arrangement of OUs
   – A user is a leaf object
• Naming Conventions:
   – Each eDirectory tree object has a context
       • Indicates where object belongs in the tree
       • Consists of object’s OU names, arranged from specific
         to general, plus organization name
   – Typeful and typeless contexts
Network+ Guide to Networks, 4e                             15
             eDirectory (continued)




Figure 10-5: A simple eDirectory tree

Network+ Guide to Networks, 4e          16
             eDirectory (continued)




Figure 10-6: Ways of grouping objects in an eDirectory tree
Network+ Guide to Networks, 4e                                17
              eDirectory (continued)




Figure 10-6 (continued): Ways of grouping objects in an eDirectory
tree
Network+ Guide to Networks, 4e                               18
             eDirectory (continued)




Figure 10-7: A more complex eDirectory tree
Network+ Guide to Networks, 4e                19
 Installing and Configuring a NetWare
  6.5 Server: The Installation Process
• Installed from CD or another server on network
• Installation tasks:
   –   Select language
   –   Select regional settings
   –   Accept License Agreements
   –   Choose Default or Manual installation
   –   Prepare boot partition
   –   Choose pattern
   –   Select components to install (Manual installation)
   –   Copy files
Network+ Guide to Networks, 4e                              20
  The Installation Process (continued)

• Tasks to set up server:
   – Name server
   – Enable cryptography
   – Specify network protocols for each network adapter
        • If TCP/IP, specify server’s IP addressing information
   –   Enter server’s host and domain name
   –   New eDirectory tree or add server to existing tree?
   –   Enter eDirectory information
   –   Choose an Administrator ID and password
   –   Select login method

Network+ Guide to Networks, 4e                                    21
      Establishing Users and Groups

• Need to add objects—including user objects—to
  eDirectory tree
   – Use ConsoleOne, Remote Manager, or iManager
• To run ConsoleOne, computer must have
  ConsoleOne client installed
   – Running same protocols as server
• To run Remote Manager, point Web browser to IP
  address of server management interface
   – By default, port 8008 on server

Network+ Guide to Networks, 4e                     22
      Establishing Users and Groups
                (continued)




Figure 10-8: The iManager Create User window
Network+ Guide to Networks, 4e                 23
      Establishing Users and Groups
                (continued)




Figure 10-9: The iManager Create Group window
Network+ Guide to Networks, 4e                  24
                   Client Services

• Several ways for different types of clients to access
  server and its resources
   – Traditional client access
   – Native file access
   – Browser-based access




Network+ Guide to Networks, 4e                       25
           Traditional Client Access

• Clients running Windows, Macintosh, and UNIX-
  type of OSs traditionally connected via a Novell
  client specifically designed for that client
   – Client must have appropriate protocol suite installed
   – May require additional client software
• Novell provides utilities to automatically install client
  software (and updates) on all clients




Network+ Guide to Networks, 4e                           26
 Traditional Client Access (continued)




Figure 10-10: Novell Login dialog box
Network+ Guide to Networks, 4e          27
                Native File Access

• NetWare capable of providing clients with direct
  access to NSS using clients’ native file access
  protocols
   – Users can browse folders and directories as if
     connected to server running same file access
     protocols
• All file access protocols installed by default
   – Network administrator must set up network share for
     each protocol
       • Via iManager


Network+ Guide to Networks, 4e                        28
       Native File Access (continued)

• Client must run same protocols and software
  normally used to connect to a server natively
  running its file access protocols
• NetDrive: When installed on Windows clients,
  allows access to directories on NetWare 6.5 server
   – Uses IPs such as HTTP and FTP




Network+ Guide to Networks, 4e                    29
       Native File Access (continued)




Figure 10-11: NetDrive connection dialog box
Network+ Guide to Networks, 4e                 30
             Browser-Based Access

• Users can navigate directories and manage files
  via Novell’s NetStorage tool
   – Only need to have TCP/IP protocols installed and
     configured
   – Uses standard Internet application protocols
   – Users connect to URL on server
       • By default, server’s IP address (or host name) plus
         /NetStorage




Network+ Guide to Networks, 4e                                 31
                        Summary
• With NetWare 6.x, Novell has maintained its NOS’s
  traditional file- and print-sharing strengths while
  adding browser-based management tools; popular
  open source Web development tools; a fast,
  efficient file system; and flexible methods for
  managing multiple servers, volumes, and storage
  objects
• The NetWare Integrated Kernel is responsible for
  overseeing all critical NetWare server processes
• NLMs are routines that enable the server to run a
  range of programs and offer a variety of services

Network+ Guide to Networks, 4e                     32
              Summary (continued)
• Using ConsoleOne, administrators can manage
  servers, volumes, disks, and eDirectory objects
• iManager is the primary means of managing
  eDirectory objects in NetWare 6.5
• NSS offers many advantages over traditional file
  systems, including faster access, more efficient use
  of memory, file compression, support of files or
  directories as large as 8 TB, support for sharing a
  single application over multiple servers, capability
  to limit user directory and volume size, and
  browser-based management tools

Network+ Guide to Networks, 4e                      33
              Summary (continued)
• eDirectory is NetWare 6.x’s system for organizing
  and managing multiple servers and their resources,
  including storage devices, users, volumes, groups,
  printers, and so on
• The word ―schema‖ refers to eDirectory’s defined
  set of object classes and their properties
• eDirectory follows a tree structure
• Each object has a context that indicates where that
  object belongs in the eDirectory tree
• NetWare recognizes two naming conventions for a
  user’s context: typeful and typeless

Network+ Guide to Networks, 4e                     34
              Summary (continued)

• User and Group objects can be created through
  ConsoleOne, Remote Manager, or iManager
• Clients can connect to a NetWare 6.5 server,
  browse directories, and manage files in one of
  several different ways
• NetWare 6.5 uses the DirXML tool to share data
  between eDirectory and Active Directory or
  Windows NT domains
• Nterprise Linux Services integrates NetWare and
  Linux clients and servers

Network+ Guide to Networks, 4e                      35

				
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