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					US History A
Final Exam Review
    Know the Following:
Location of territories added to the US
  and when/why they were added.

See your map on Manifest Destiny.

Be able to name the 13 original colonies.
Be familiar with these dates:
 1492   –   Columbus discovers America
 1607   –   Jamestown established
 1763   –   End of French and Indian War
 1775   –   American Revolution begins
 1776   –   Declaration of Independence
 1783   –   American Revolution ends
 1788   –   Constitution ratified
Be familiar with these dates:
   1803 – Louisiana Purchase
   1812-1815 – War of 1812
   1830 1850 – Age of Reform
   1846-1848 – War with Mexico
   1861-1865 – Civil War
   1865-1876 – Reconstruction
   1876-1900 – New Industrial Age
   1876-1915 – Age of Immigration
 Colonist who worked for a
specified number of years in
exchange for paid passage to
           America
Indentured Servant


 Colonist who worked for a
specified number of years in
exchange for paid passage to
           America
Site of the first permanent
     English settlement
    Jamestown


Site of the first permanent
     English settlement
Columbus believed he had
  reached the East Indies
How American Indians were
        named

   Columbus believed he had
     reached the East Indies
What motivated Europeans to
 explore the world in the 15th
     and 16th centuries?
  God, gold and glory


What motivated Europeans to
 explore the world in the 15th
     and 16th centuries?
These people migrated to New
  England in order to escape
     religious persecution.
        Puritans


These people migrated to New
  England in order to escape
     religious persecution.
City where the British killed 5
    colonists and where the
colonists poured the taxed tea
        into the Harbor.
Boston, Massachusetts


City where the British killed 5
    colonists and where the
colonists poured the taxed tea
        into the Harbor.
Site where the first shots of the
American Revolution were fired.
        Lexington


Site where the first shots of the
American Revolution were fired.
Asians reached North America by
  crossing a land bridge located
               here
       Bering Strait


Asians reached North America by
  crossing a land bridge located
               here
Agreement made by Puritans on
  board their ship in which they
 agreed to obey their own laws.
   Mayflower Compact


Agreement made by Puritans on
  board their ship in which they
 agreed to obey their own laws.
He brought settlers to the colony
           of Georgia
    James Oglethorpe


He brought settlers to the colony
           of Georgia
Laws enacted in the 1600s which
   enabled England to tightly
    control the trading of its
            colonies.
      Navigation Act


Laws enacted in the 1600s which
   enabled England to tightly
    control the trading of its
            colonies.
British policy in the 1700s of not
    interfering in the American
  colonies’ politics and economy
 as long as they were beneficial
  to the interests of the British.
     Salutary Neglect


British policy in the 1700s of not
    interfering in the American
  colonies’ politics and economy
 as long as they were beneficial
  to the interests of the British.
  Religious movement that
emphasized equality of people
 so that religion became more
democratic and indirectly led to
   the American Revolution
   Great Awakening


  Religious movement that
emphasized equality of people
 so that religion became more
democratic and indirectly led to
   the American Revolution
This is the term used to describe
 the horrible slave voyage to the
             Americas.
     Middle Passage


This is the term used to describe
 the horrible slave voyage to the
             Americas.
The difference in value between
   a country’s imports and its
             exports.
    Balance of Trade


The difference in value between
   a country’s imports and its
             exports.
An economic theory under which
  a country increases its wealth
  exporting more goods than it
             imports.
       Mercantilism


An economic theory under which
  a country increases its wealth
  exporting more goods than it
             imports.
This ended the French and Indian
  War which was won by Britain
   and stripped France of all her
      claims in the New World
   Treaty of Paris 1763


This ended the French and Indian
  War which was won by Britain
   and stripped France of all her
      claims in the New World
The purpose of this was to stop
  westward expansion by the
 colonists and calm the Indian
           uprisings.
  Proclamation of 1763


The purpose of this was to stop
  westward expansion by the
 colonists and calm the Indian
           uprisings.
This pamphlet was written by
Thomas Paine to help convince
 the American colonists that a
complete break with Britain was
           required.
    Common Sense


This pamphlet was written by
Thomas Paine to help convince
 the American colonists that a
complete break with Britain was
           required.
 This was a statement of the
reasons for the separation from
 Britain. It also stated that the
 purpose of government was to
  secure the people their God
           given rights.
Declaration of Independence
   This was a statement of the
  reasons for the separation from
   Britain. It also stated that the
   purpose of government was to
    secure the people their God
             given rights.
This American victory was the
      turning point of the
      Revolutionary War.
       Saratoga


This American victory was the
      turning point of the
      Revolutionary War.
Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of
            Happiness
   Unalienable Rights


Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of
            Happiness
Site of an American victory in
1781 as well as the place where
    Cornwallis surrendered
       Yorktown


Site of an American victory in
1781 as well as the place where
    Cornwallis surrendered
  These were general search
warrants issued by court orders
  authorizing British officials to
search colonial homes, buildings
 and ships for smuggled goods.
   Writs of Assistance


  These were general search
warrants issued by court orders
  authorizing British officials to
search colonial homes, buildings
 and ships for smuggled goods.
This was the first internal tax and
 the first direct tax levied by the
  British on goods and services.
    It required the purchase of
  stamps that were to be put on
         printed materials.
         Stamp Act
This was the first internal tax and
 the first direct tax levied by the
  British on goods and services.
    It required the purchase of
  stamps that were to be put on
         printed materials.
   This was a bundle of acts
   intended to raise revenue,
 tighten customs enforcement
and assert imperial authority in
            America.
    Townsend Acts


   This was a bundle of acts
   intended to raise revenue,
 tighten customs enforcement
and assert imperial authority in
            America.
 Originally it required colonial
    governments to furnish
 barracks and other provisions
    for royal troops but was
extended to require the billeting
of soldiers in tavern and inns at
 the expense of the colonists.
     Quartering Act
 Originally it required colonial
    governments to furnish
 barracks and other provisions
    for royal troops but was
extended to require the billeting
of soldiers in tavern and inns at
 the expense of the colonists.
Confrontation between British
  troops and colonial shipyard
 workers which resulted in the
 deaths of four colonists. Used
by Sam Adams as a propaganda
              tool.
   Boston Massacre


Confrontation between British
  troops and colonial shipyard
 workers which resulted in the
 deaths of four colonists. Used
by Sam Adams as a propaganda
              tool.
A large group of Boston rebels
disguised themselves as Native
  Americans and dumped the
  entire cargo of an East India
 Company ship into the harbor.
   Boston Tea Party


A large group of Boston rebels
disguised themselves as Native
  Americans and dumped the
  entire cargo of an East India
 Company ship into the harbor.
“Give me liberty or give me
           death.”
    Patrick Henry


“Give me liberty or give me
           death.”
Colonial militia that was ready to
   go into battle on a minute’s
               notice.
        Minutemen


Colonial militia that was ready to
   go into battle on a minute’s
               notice.
Most successful means used by
   Americans in securing the
 repeal of British taxes before
   the American Revolution.
Boycotting British goods


Most successful means used by
   Americans in securing the
 repeal of British taxes before
   the American Revolution.
Reason the American colonists
objected to Parliament’s taxes.
Taxation without Representation


 Reason the American colonists
 objected to Parliament’s taxes.
Responsibilities which belong to
   the Federal Government.
   Delegated Powers


Responsibilities which belong to
   the Federal Government.
  Keeps each branch of
government from getting too
       much power.
Checks and Balances


  Keeps each branch of
government from getting too
       much power.
These people are the advisors to
         the President.
         Cabinet


These people are the advisors to
         the President.
Responsibilities which belong to
           the states.
    Reserved Powers


Responsibilities which belong to
           the states.
A tax on imports.
   Tariff


A tax on imports.
Body with equal representation
       from each state.
         Senate


Body with equal representation
       from each state.
President’s power to reject a
        proposed law.
         Veto


President’s power to reject a
        proposed law.
This is an addition or change to
         the Constitution.
       Amendment


This is an addition or change to
         the Constitution.
 Immigrants who have not
become United States citizens.
         Aliens


 Immigrants who have not
become United States citizens.
He was an inventor, served as
American ambassador to France
    and was a leader and
      compromiser at the
  Constitutional Convention.
   Benjamin Franklin


He was an inventor, served as
American ambassador to France
    and was a leader and
      compromiser at the
  Constitutional Convention.
Federal town built on the banks
     of the Potomac River.
   Washington, D. C.


Federal town built on the banks
     of the Potomac River.
Weak government written as a
reaction to the harsh rule of the
      British that had been
overturned in the Revolutionary
               War.
Articles of Confederation


Weak government written as a
reaction to the harsh rule of the
      British that had been
overturned in the Revolutionary
               War.
   These are the first ten
amendments to the Constitution
   that guarantee personal
          liberties.
     Bill of Rights


   These are the first ten
amendments to the Constitution
   that guarantee personal
          liberties.
This is the first step that a bill
     must take after being
 introduced in either house of
            Congress.
Referred to a committee of that
             house


 This is the first step that a bill
      must take after being
  introduced in either house of
             Congress.
Powers that may be used by both
      the federal and state
          governments.
    Concurrent Powers


Powers that may be used by both
      the federal and state
          governments.
A government run by the people
        through elected
        representatives.
        Republic


A government run by the people
        through elected
        representatives.
He attended all the sessions of
 the Constitutional Convention,
took copious notes and is called
the “father of the Constitution.”
     James Madison


He attended all the sessions of
 the Constitutional Convention,
took copious notes and is called
the “father of the Constitution.”
This agreement called for a two
      house legislature with
     representation based on
  population is one house and
   equal representation in the
           other house.
   Great Compromise


This agreement called for a two
      house legislature with
     representation based on
  population is one house and
   equal representation in the
           other house.
This is one in which power is
 shared by state and national
          authorities.
 Federal Government


This is one in which power is
 shared by state and national
          authorities.
This body which is made up of
  members from each state (#
 for each state is the total # of
 Representatives and Senators)
  actually elects the President.
    Electoral College


This body which is made up of
  members from each state (#
 for each state is the total # of
 Representatives and Senators)
  actually elects the President.
This is the name for those who
    favored the Constitution.
       Federalists


This is the name for those who
    favored the Constitution.
He was the nation’s greatest hero
    and most respected public
 figure; he was also expected to
  be the nation’s first President.
    George Washington


He was the nation’s greatest hero
    and most respected public
 figure; he was also expected to
  be the nation’s first President.
Something said or done that
becomes an example, rule or
  tradition to be followed.
      Precedent


Something said or done that
becomes an example, rule or
  tradition to be followed.
   Natural born citizen
  At least 35 years old
Resident at least 14 years
Qualifications to be President


       Natural born citizen
      At least 35 years old
    Resident at least 14 years
He was a lawyer, a Federalist and
  the son of a banker who spoke
  for a government controlled by
  the wealthy and educated and
    created the National Bank.
    Alexander Hamilton


He was a lawyer, a Federalist and
  the son of a banker who spoke
  for a government controlled by
  the wealthy and educated and
    created the National Bank.
This branch of the government
 administers and carries out the
    law and is headed by the
           President.
    Executive Branch


This branch of the government
 administers and carries out the
    law and is headed by the
           President.
 This grants to Congress the
power “to make all laws which
shall be necessary and proper
 for carrying to execution the
      foregoing powers.”
    Elastic Clause


 This grants to Congress the
power “to make all laws which
shall be necessary and proper
 for carrying to execution the
      foregoing powers.”
This is the branch of government
    which enacts or makes the
               laws.
        Legislative


This is the branch of government
    which enacts or makes the
               laws.
These provide flexibility to the
Constitution making it a “living
          document.”
Amendments and Elastic Clause


  These provide flexibility to the
  Constitution making it a “living
            document.”
This is the branch of government
  that interprets laws in specific
               cases.
          Judicial


This is the branch of government
  that interprets laws in specific
               cases.
This is the highest court of the
land that today is made up of 9
             justices.
     Supreme Court


This is the highest court of the
land that today is made up of 9
             justices.
 Belief that the government
should not do anything that is
 not specifically stated in the
          Constitution.
  Strict Construction


 Belief that the government
should not do anything that is
 not specifically stated in the
          Constitution.
This is a state’s refusal to
 recognize a federal law.
    Nullification


This is a state’s refusal to
 recognize a federal law.
Incident in which the French
  demanded a bribe before
  agreeing to meet with the
   American ambassadors.
      XYZ Affair


Incident in which the French
  demanded a bribe before
  agreeing to meet with the
   American ambassadors.
This enables the federal courts to
  determine if a state’s laws are
    in keeping with the federal
           Constitution.
      Judicial Review


This enables the federal courts to
  determine if a state’s laws are
    in keeping with the federal
           Constitution.
 Name the Native American
woman who guided Lewis and
           Clark.
     Sacajawea


 Name the Native American
woman who guided Lewis and
           Clark.
He was an inventor, the founder
   of the University of Virginia,
   author of the Declaration of
  Independence and President.
    Thomas Jefferson


He was an inventor, the founder
   of the University of Virginia,
   author of the Declaration of
  Independence and President.
He was the hero of the Battle of
 New Orleans, helped to defeat
   the Spanish in Florida and
           President.
     Andrew Jackson


He was the hero of the Battle of
 New Orleans, helped to defeat
   the Spanish in Florida and
           President.
He led the clearing of a road
  from Virginia through the
Cumberland Gap into Kentucky
  and fought at the Alamo.
    Davey Crocket


He led the clearing of a road
  from Virginia through the
Cumberland Gap into Kentucky
  and fought at the Alamo.
This was unrest in 1794 caused
    by opposition to a tax on
     distilled corn liquor; its
    suppression was the first
 demonstration of the power of
    the federal government.
   Whiskey Rebellion
This was unrest in 1794 caused
    by opposition to a tax on
     distilled corn liquor; its
    suppression was the first
 demonstration of the power of
    the federal government.
These groups of people who seek
 to win elections and hold public
      office in order to control
       government policy and
 programs first arose because of
   differences over political and
          economic issues.
      Political Parties
These groups of people who seek
 to win elections and hold public
      office in order to control
       government policy and
 programs first arose because of
   differences over political and
          economic issues.
Statement passed in 1798 that
attacked the Alien and Sedition
    Acts as unconstitutional.
Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions


  Statement passed in 1798 that
  attacked the Alien and Sedition
      Acts as unconstitutional.
In 1804 they led an expedition
 from St. Louis, up the Missouri
   River and across the Rocky
    Mountains to the Oregon
 territory and the Pacific Ocean.
    Lewis and Clark


In 1804 they led an expedition
 from St. Louis, up the Missouri
   River and across the Rocky
    Mountains to the Oregon
 territory and the Pacific Ocean.
Policy of forcing people into
  military or public service.
    Impressment


Policy of forcing people into
  military or public service.
An 1819 treaty between the
 United States and Spain in
which Spain ceded Florida to
     the United States.
 Adams-Onis Treaty


An 1819 treaty between the
 United States and Spain in
which Spain ceded Florida to
     the United States.
This is the 1803 acquisition by
  the United States of French
  territory extending from the
 Mississippi River to the Rocky
   Mountains for $15 million.
  Louisiana Purchase


This is the 1803 acquisition by
  the United States of French
  territory extending from the
 Mississippi River to the Rocky
   Mountains for $15 million.
A series of laws enacted in 1820
    to maintain the balance of
 power between slave states and
            free states.
  Missouri Compromise


A series of laws enacted in 1820
    to maintain the balance of
 power between slave states and
            free states.
These laws were an attempt by
  the Federalist to weaken the
  Democratic-Republican party
 which drew a lot of its support
        common people.
 Alien and Sedition Acts


These laws were an attempt by
  the Federalist to weaken the
  Democratic-Republican party
 which drew a lot of its support
        common people.
The election of 1800 ended in a
  tie and was finally settled on
    the 36th vote taken by this
              group.
The House of Representatives


  The election of 1800 ended in a
    tie and was finally settled on
      the 36th vote taken by this
                group.
The American captain refused a
  British demand to search his
     ship but was fired upon
  resulting in 3 deaths and the
      removal of 4 sailors as
            deserters.
Chesapeake-Leopard Affair
The American captain refused a
  British demand to search his
     ship but was fired upon
  resulting in 3 deaths and the
      removal of 4 sailors as
            deserters.
This group wanted war with
Britain because of a desire to
acquire Canada for the United
           States.
     War Hawks


This group wanted war with
Britain because of a desire to
acquire Canada for the United
           States.
This describes the efforts of
  reformers to end slavery.
Abolitionist Movement


This describes the efforts of
  reformers to end slavery.
This was an organized campaign
       to eliminate alcohol
          consumption.
 Temperance Movement


This was an organized campaign
       to eliminate alcohol
          consumption.
Refers to the forced movement
 of the Cherokee by Jackson in
  1838 – 1839 to Oklahoma in
  violation of a Supreme Court
              order.
     Trail of Tears


Refers to the forced movement
 of the Cherokee by Jackson in
  1838 – 1839 to Oklahoma in
  violation of a Supreme Court
              order.
He was a statesman from South
 Carolina who held many offices
 in the federal government. He
  ran for President in 1824 and
   was a staunch supporter of
          states’ rights.
    John C. Calhoun
He was a statesman from South
 Carolina who held many offices
 in the federal government. He
  ran for President in 1824 and
   was a staunch supporter of
          states’ rights.
 She was a former slave who
spoke to white audiences in her
  work as an abolitionist and
   women’s rights advocate.
    Sojourner Truth


 She was a former slave who
spoke to white audiences in her
  work as an abolitionist and
   women’s rights advocate.
The freeing of enslaved persons.
      Emancipation


The freeing of enslaved persons.
His experiences as a slave made
    him into the nation’s most
   influential African American
            abolitionist.
   Frederick Douglass


His experiences as a slave made
    him into the nation’s most
   influential African American
            abolitionist.
  As a school reformer and
supporter of public education,
  he devised an educational
system in Massachusetts that
  was later copied by many
            states.
    Horace Mann
  As a school reformer and
supporter of public education,
  he devised an educational
system in Massachusetts that
  was later copied by many
            states.
Members of this political party
were chiefly small farmers, city
 workers and newly emerging
business leaders who opposed
    an all-powerful federal
 government and the national
             bank.
Jacksonian Democrats
Members of this political party
were chiefly small farmers, city
 workers and newly emerging
business leaders who opposed
    an all-powerful federal
 government and the national
             bank.
This was an organization of
workers formed to protect the
  interests of its members.
    Labor Unions


This was an organization of
workers formed to protect the
  interests of its members.
The making of products by
       machinery.
   Manufacturing


The making of products by
       machinery.
 Declaration in 1823 that the
  United States would oppose
efforts by any outside power to
control a nation in the Western
          Hemisphere.
   Monroe Doctrine


 Declaration in 1823 that the
  United States would oppose
efforts by any outside power to
control a nation in the Western
          Hemisphere.
This was a network of escape
  routes and safe houses that
    provided protection and
transportation for slaves fleeing
       north to freedom.
Underground Railroad


This was a network of escape
  routes and safe houses that
    provided protection and
transportation for slaves fleeing
       north to freedom.
This violent uprising in August
  1831 saw the deaths of 57
white people in attacks on four
plantations. It was eventually
suppressed by local militia and
   20 slaves were hanged.
Nat Turner’s Rebellion
This violent uprising in August
  1831 saw the deaths of 57
white people in attacks on four
plantations. It was eventually
suppressed by local militia and
   20 slaves were hanged.
This is a competitive economic
    system based on private
ownership and the principles of
       supply and demand.
Free Enterprise System


This is a competitive economic
    system based on private
ownership and the principles of
       supply and demand.
He was the 7th President of the
 United States who supported
 minimal government and the
      spoils system, vetoed
  rechartering of the national
   bank and pursued a harsh
policy toward Native Americans.
    Andrew Jackson
He was the 7th President of the
 United States who supported
 minimal government and the
      spoils system, vetoed
  rechartering of the national
   bank and pursued a harsh
policy toward Native Americans.
The South opposed this 1828
   tariff saying that it was
 economically discriminatory
 because raising the price of
 manufactured goods would
cause foreign markets to stop
        buying cotton.
Tariff of Abominations
The South opposed this 1828
   tariff saying that it was
 economically discriminatory
 because raising the price of
 manufactured goods would
cause foreign markets to stop
        buying cotton.
 This famous Senate debate
    concerned the issue of
  nullification with Webster
arguing that it was the job of
the Supreme Court to declare
laws unconstitutional, not the
             states.
Webster-Hayne Debate
 This famous Senate debate
    concerned the issue of
  nullification with Webster
arguing that it was the job of
the Supreme Court to declare
laws unconstitutional, not the
             states.
This is the practice of placing
   your friends in important
positions when you take office.
     Spoils System


This is the practice of placing
   your friends in important
positions when you take office.
The goal of this organization was
   to buy land in Africa where
   freed slave could go to live.
     The founded the state of
              Liberia.
American Colonization Society


 The goal of this organization was
    to buy land in Africa where
    freed slave could go to live.
      The founded the state of
               Liberia.
Association of seven seceding
  Southern states formed in
             1861.
Confederate States of America


   Association of seven seceding
     Southern states formed in
                1861.
The purpose of this forced entry
 of a federal arsenal was to get
  weapons to arm slaves. The
       leader was hanged.
   John Brown’s Raid


The purpose of this forced entry
 of a federal arsenal was to get
  weapons to arm slaves. The
       leader was hanged.
This refers to the violence that
occurred in 1856 between those
for slavery and those who were
 against slavery in the Midwest.
    Bleeding Kansas


This refers to the violence that
occurred in 1856 between those
for slavery and those who were
 against slavery in the Midwest.
 President of the Confederate
States of America who ordered
 the attack on Fort Sumter, the
first violent act of the Civil War.
     Jefferson Davis


 President of the Confederate
States of America who ordered
 the attack on Fort Sumter, the
first violent act of the Civil War.
This was the American policy of
 letting the people in a territory
  decide whether slavery would
         be allowed there.
   Popular sovereignty


This was the American policy of
 letting the people in a territory
  decide whether slavery would
         be allowed there.
This law written in 1854 called on
       the citizens of the two
 territories involved to decide the
       issue of slavery there.
   Kansas-Nebraska Act


This law written in 1854 called on
       the citizens of the two
 territories involved to decide the
       issue of slavery there.
This was the argument that the
   United States was fated to
  expand from “sea to shining
              sea.”
    Manifest Destiny


This was the argument that the
   United States was fated to
  expand from “sea to shining
              sea.”
This conflict between the United
  States and Mexico ended in a
  US victory and the addition of
       substantial territory.
      Mexican War


This conflict between the United
  States and Mexico ended in a
  US victory and the addition of
       substantial territory.
This law which was part of the
Compromise of 1850 ordered all
 citizens of the United States to
 assist in the return of runaway
              slaves.
   Fugitive Slave Act


This law which was part of the
Compromise of 1850 ordered all
 citizens of the United States to
 assist in the return of runaway
              slaves.
 Resolution introduced at the
 beginning of the Mexican War
 intended to prohibit slavery in
any territory taken from Mexico.
It passed the House but not the
             Senate.
     Wilmot Proviso
 Resolution introduced at the
 beginning of the Mexican War
 intended to prohibit slavery in
any territory taken from Mexico.
It passed the House but not the
             Senate.
   Author of the popular and
inflammatory anti-slavery novel,
      Uncle Tom’s Cabin.
Harriet Beecher Stowe


   Author of the popular and
inflammatory anti-slavery novel,
      Uncle Tom’s Cabin.
Although it started as a social club in
     Tennessee, this organization
  quickly evolved into one that used
 terrorist style tactics to “defend the
   social and political superiority” of
   whites against the “aggression of
            an inferior race.”
        Ku Klux Klan
Although it started as a social club in
     Tennessee, this organization
  quickly evolved into one that used
 terrorist style tactics to “defend the
   social and political superiority” of
   whites against the “aggression of
            an inferior race.”
Commander of the Union forces
 who used the Anaconda Plan to
 achieve defeat of the South and
   accepted Lee’s surrender in
              1865.
       U. S. Grant


Commander of the Union forces
 who used the Anaconda Plan to
 achieve defeat of the South and
   accepted Lee’s surrender in
              1865.
In this battle, troops were moved to
   the front by train – the first time
    this had ever been done in the
   history of warfare – allowing the
     Confederates to bring in fresh
  reinforcements at a critical time in
  the battle resulting in a victory for
               the South.
  First Battle of Bull Run
In this battle, troops were moved to
   the front by train – the first time
    this had ever been done in the
   history of warfare – allowing the
     Confederates to bring in fresh
  reinforcements at a critical time in
  the battle resulting in a victory for
               the South.
Term used to describe the
domination of post-Civil War
  southern politics by the
    Democratic Party.
     Solid South


Term used to describe the
domination of post-Civil War
  southern politics by the
    Democratic Party.
He was a Maryland actor with
  strong southern sympathies
who conspired to kidnap Lincoln
     and exchange him for
 Confederate prisoners of war.
 He later shot Lincoln to death.
   John Wilkes Booth
He was a Maryland actor with
  strong southern sympathies
who conspired to kidnap Lincoln
     and exchange him for
 Confederate prisoners of war.
 He later shot Lincoln to death.
  Federal government’s effort
   between 1865 and 1877 to
repair the damage to the South
 caused by the Civil War and to
 restore Southern states to the
             Union.
    Reconstruction


  Federal government’s effort
   between 1865 and 1877 to
repair the damage to the South
 caused by the Civil War and to
 restore Southern states to the
             Union.
This insulting nickname was used
  for white southern Republicans
      following the Civil War.
         Scalawag


This insulting nickname was used
  for white southern Republicans
      following the Civil War.
This Constitutional amendment
    that was ratified in 1870,
 guaranteed African Americans
          voting rights.
    15th Amendment


This Constitutional amendment
    that was ratified in 1870,
 guaranteed African Americans
          voting rights.
This was the first major federal
  relief agency in United States
    history set up to give out
 clothing, medical supplies, and
 meals to both black and white
    refugees of the Civil War.
   Freedman’s Bureau


This was the first major federal
  relief agency in United States
    history set up to give out
 clothing, medical supplies, and
 meals to both black and white
    refugees of the Civil War.
Union general in the Civil War
    who was known for his
destructive march from Atlanta
     to Savannah in 1864.
  William T. Sherman


Union general in the Civil War
    who was known for his
destructive march from Atlanta
     to Savannah in 1864.
In this system, farmers did not
   own their land but rented it
  from a planter and that gave
 them the right to choose what
    crops to plan and when to
               work.
    Tenant Farming


In this system, farmers did not
   own their land but rented it
  from a planter and that gave
 them the right to choose what
    crops to plan and when to
               work.
 Constitutional amendment
ratified in 1865 that abolished
             slavery.
   13th Amendment


 Constitutional amendment
ratified in 1865 that abolished
             slavery.
This three-day battle was the
 greatest battle ever fought in
North America; a Union victory
 that was the turning point in
         the Civil War.
 Battle of Gettysburg


This three-day battle was the
 greatest battle ever fought in
North America; a Union victory
 that was the turning point in
         the Civil War.
   Constitutional amendment
ratified in 1868 that guaranteed
 citizens equal protection of the
               law.
    14th Amendment


   Constitutional amendment
ratified in 1868 that guaranteed
 citizens equal protection of the
               law.
This was an insulting nickname
 for a Northern Republican who
  moved to the South after the
 Civil War because they rushed
 south to profit from the misery
         left by the war.
      Carpetbagger
This was an insulting nickname
 for a Northern Republican who
  moved to the South after the
 Civil War because they rushed
 south to profit from the misery
         left by the war.
 System of farming in which a
farmer works some portion of a
  planter’s land and receives a
split of the crop at harvest time
           as payment.
     Sharecropping


 System of farming in which a
farmer works some portion of a
  planter’s land and receives a
split of the crop at harvest time
           as payment.
Presidential decree, effective
  January 1, 1863, that freed
slaves in the Confederate-held
            territory.
Emancipation Proclamation


  Presidential decree, effective
    January 1, 1863, that freed
  slaves in the Confederate-held
              territory.
 After leaving Atlanta, Union
  troops cut a nearly 300-mile
long path of destruction across
  Georgia, destroying bridges,
   factories and railroad lines.
    This became known as?
   March to the Sea
 After leaving Atlanta, Union
  troops cut a nearly 300-mile
long path of destruction across
  Georgia, destroying bridges,
   factories and railroad lines.
    This became known as?
A famous speech by President
 Lincoln on the meaning of the
 Civil War, given in November,
   1863 at the dedication of a
       national cemetery.
  Gettysburg Address


A famous speech by President
 Lincoln on the meaning of the
 Civil War, given in November,
   1863 at the dedication of a
       national cemetery.
These laws enacted by southern
 states that had been restored to
   the Union established virtual
   slavery for the freed people.
       Black Codes


These laws enacted by southern
 states that had been restored to
   the Union established virtual
   slavery for the freed people.
  What was Lincoln’s stated
purpose of the Civil War prior to
the Emancipation Proclamation?
 To preserve the Union


  What was Lincoln’s stated
purpose of the Civil War prior to
the Emancipation Proclamation?
What was the most important
advantage of the South in the
         Civil War?
Fighting a defensive war


What was the most important
advantage of the South in the
         Civil War?
Policy toward business generally
      followed by the federal
     government before 1880.
       Laissez Faire


Policy toward business generally
      followed by the federal
     government before 1880.
A strong sense of loyalty to a
           region.
     Sectionalism


A strong sense of loyalty to a
           region.
Pride in one’s country.
  Nationalism


Pride in one’s country.
The right to vote.
  Suffrage


The right to vote.
To end slavery.
Abolition


To end slavery.
To withdraw from the union.
      Secession


To withdraw from the union.
Multifamily dwellings where poor
 people, who made up most of a
      city’s population, lived.
       Tenements


Multifamily dwellings where poor
 people, who made up most of a
      city’s population, lived.
  Imaginary line dividing
wilderness and civilization of
        settlement.
       Frontier


  Imaginary line dividing
wilderness and civilization of
        settlement.
President of Tuskegee Institute,
   author of Up from Slavery,
  encouraged blacks to learn a
              skill.
 Booker T. Washington


President of Tuskegee Institute,
   author of Up from Slavery,
  encouraged blacks to learn a
              skill.
Site of the 1849 “Gold Rush.”
       California


Site of the 1849 “Gold Rush.”
Site where the Confederates fired
   on a Union ship thus starting
          the Civil War.
     Fort. Sumter, SC


Site where the Confederates fired
   on a Union ship thus starting
          the Civil War.
Border between Canada and the
         United States.
      49th Parallel


Border between Canada and the
         United States.
Border between Mexico and the
         United States.
    Rio Grande River


Border between Mexico and the
         United States.
    Thomas Edison
    Samuel Morse
Alexander Graham Bell
      Eli Whitney
   Charles Goodyear
American Inventors


     Thomas Edison
     Samuel Morse
 Alexander Graham Bell
       Eli Whitney
    Charles Goodyear
 Ulysses S. Grant
 George McClellan
William T. Sherman
Union Generals


 Ulysses S. Grant
 George McClellan
William T. Sherman
Stephen F. Austin
  Sam Houston
  Davy Crockett
Fought for Texans
  Independence


  Stephen F. Austin
    Sam Houston
    Davy Crockett
  Robert E. Lee
Stonewall Jackson
Confederate Generals



      Robert E. Lee
    Stonewall Jackson
William Lloyd Garrison
Harriet Beecher Stowe
 Frederick Douglass
  Abolitionists


William Lloyd Garrison
Harriet Beecher Stowe
 Frederick Douglass
  Patrick Henry
 Thomas Paine
 Samuel Adams
   James Otis
Benjamin Franklin
   Paul Revere
  Patriots
  Patrick Henry
 Thomas Paine
 Samuel Adams
   James Otis
Benjamin Franklin
   Paul Revere
 Andrew Carnegie
Cornelius Vanderbilt
 John Rockefeller
Robber Barons


 Andrew Carnegie
Cornelius Vanderbilt
 John Rockefeller
John Quincy Adams
  James Monroe
  Andres Jackson
  James Madison
United States Presidents


     John Quincy Adams
       James Monroe
       Andres Jackson
       James Madison
Frederick Douglass
 Harriett Tubman
    Dred Scott
    Nat Turner
Slaves and Former Slaves


     Frederick Douglass
      Harriett Tubman
         Dred Scott
         Nat Turner
James Oglethorpe
   William Penn
  Lord Baltimore
Colonial Founders


  James Oglethorpe
     William Penn
    Lord Baltimore
  Columbus
  Vespucci
Ponce de Leon
Explorers


  Columbus
  Vespucci
Ponce de Leon

				
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