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Martin Luther Reformer or Revolutionary? Europe: 1320-1650 Medieval Europe – Disease and desperation, “Dark Ages” offer little education, civilization, or hope. Italian Renaissance / Northern Renaissance – Art, education become popular again. Leonardo, michelangelo, Raphael, and Shakespeare dominate. Protestant Reformation – The RCC is corrupt and Pope Leo X allows for it. One man, a Monk named Martin Luther, calls for church reform, ultimately leading to the Protestant reformation and the establishment of Protestantism. Medieval Church Church Authority • The Catholic Church , was the only Church in Western Europe. • It offered shelter to the poor, medicine to the sick, and faith to the destitute. • The Pope was the head of the Roman Catholic Church. Bishops and Priests served the Pope. Monks worked in Monasteries printing Bibles and serving God. • Church services were only in the Latin Language. • The RCC was very corrupt at this time. Corruption in the Church • Indulgences The selling of “Indulgences” (pardons ) by the Pope or Bishop for the Forgiveness of sins. This practice went counter to what the Roman Catholic Church taught about faith and angered a monk named Martin Luther. Corruption in the Church Pope Leo X- Corrupt head of the Roman Catholic Church. Supported the practice of selling of “Indulgences”. 95 thesis – Luther’s response to the sale of Indulgences. His writings criticized the practice as being “Unholy” Revolutionary or Rebel? Luther’s “95 Thesis” had a negative effect on the Pope’s ability to sell Indulgences to the poor and destitute. Pope Leo X demanded that Luther recant his statements and when he didn’t, he was Ex- communicated. (Banned from the RCC) Life of a Monk Life as a monk was tough and disciplined. It consisted of the following: Prayer – up to 5x’s a day Work – Labor and Printing Meals – one or two per day. Luthernism: A Religious Movement “Lutheranism” – Movement started by Martin Luther and his followers that… Emphasized salvation by faith alone. Stated that the Bible was the only source of Religious truth. Services were centered on Biblical teachings, not rituals.
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