Document Sample
					 Prophet Muhammad (P.b.u.h) was born in Makkah on Monday,
  Rabee’ al-awal, in the year of elephant. It was the year 570
  according to the Christian calendar.
 Prophet Muhammad (P.b.u.h) was born 50 days after the event
  of the year of the elephant. And what is the year of the
  elephant? The Arabs before Islam of course had no calendar.
 They counted days and months but they did not number their
  years. Instead, they would only give each year a name after
  some special event which is happened during the year.
 The year in which Allah’s messenger (P.b.u.h) was born
  something very remarkable happened.
 An Ethiopian ruler names Abraha was ruling Yemen at that
  time. He was angry because many people went to Makkah
  every year to visit the Ka’bah.
 Abraha built a splendid Church in San’aa, but the people did
  not come to his Church. They continued to visit the Ka’bah.
 Abraha needed no further excuse. He set out for Makkah with a
  large army to break the ka’bah down. At the front of the army
  he placed an elephant. No one in Makkah had ever seen an
  elephant before.
 Abraha was not far from Makkah when the elephant stopped
  and it wouldn’t move any further. Abraha’s large army also
 At this point a miracle happened. The Qur’an tells us its story.

  Since then this year was called the year of Elephant. It was the
  year Allah’s messenger (P.b.u.h) was born.

 Prophet’s mother name was Aminah bint Wahab. She belonged

  to a noble family of a tribe Quraysh.

 The prophet’s father name was Abdullah and his grandfather

  name was Abdul-Mutatalib. They also belonged to the Quraysh
 A few month before birth of Prophet Muhammad (P.b.u.h), his

  father Abdulah had gone to Syria with a trade caravan. On his
  return he fell sick. He stayed in Yathrib (Madinah) for a while
  hoping to get better before he went back to Makkah.

 He died in Madinah months before the birth of his son.

  Abdullah was only 25 years old when he died.

 When his mother Aminah gave birth to him, his grandfather

  Abdul-Mutalib named him Muhammad. Abdul-Mutalib hoped
  that his grandson would be praised and respected by everyone
  in the world.
 Most of the Quraysh used to send their newborn children to the

  desert. There they would spend their early childhood with a
  Bedouin family.

 This gave the children good health. It kept them away from the

  crowd city. This also helped them to learn the pure Arabic

 According to custom of the Arab nobles, the prophet (P.b.u.h)

  was given into are of lady haleemah Sa’diyyah.
 Haleemah took upon herself to suckle Muhammad (P.b.u.h)

  and bring him up. She world come to Makkah twice a year so
  that Muhammad (P.b.u.h) could meet his mother and
 Haleemah Sa’diyyah suckled him for two years and he ramined

  with her for four years. He tended sheep as soon as he was old
  enough to walk and learnt the ways of the desert. He brought
  great good fortune to his foster parents.
 His mother Aminah called him back to Makkah at the end of

  four years. When he was six, his mother took him Yathrib
  (Madinah), where his father died.
 But Aminah herself fell ill and died on her way back to

  Makkah at abwa, a place between Madinah and Makkah.

 Allah’s messenger (P.b.u.h) now came under the care of his

  grandfather Abdul-muttalib. Abdul-muttalib was eight years old
  then. He was the head of the Hashim clan.

 Abdul-muttalib loved his little grandson very much. He kept

  the boy with him as he rested in the shadow of the ka’bah. Here
  the two of them could watch the world go by.
 When the boy eight years old, Abdul-muttalib died. Now the

  prophet (P.b.u.h) came under the care of his uncle Abu-talib.
  Abdul-muttalib was wise enough to give him to the care of Abu
  Talib because he and the prophet’s father Abdullah were born
  of the same mother.

 Abu Talib took special care of his nephew. He held him dearer

  than his own sons. He made him sleep on his own bed. When
  the prophet (P.b.u.h) was twelve years old, Abu talib planned to
  go with a trade caravan to Syria. Abu talib took him along to
 When the caravan reached Busra (a part of Syria), a Christian

  monk named Bahira saw the Prophet (P.b.u.h). Bahira was
  learned and wise. He recognized Muhammad (P.b.u.h) as the
  last prophet.

 He told Abu Talib that his nephew was set to become a prophet.

  He advised Abu Talib to look after him with special care.