Prophet Muhammad (P.b.u.h) was born in Makkah on Monday,
Rabee’ al-awal, in the year of elephant. It was the year 570
according to the Christian calendar.
Prophet Muhammad (P.b.u.h) was born 50 days after the event
of the year of the elephant. And what is the year of the
elephant? The Arabs before Islam of course had no calendar.
They counted days and months but they did not number their
years. Instead, they would only give each year a name after
some special event which is happened during the year.
The year in which Allah’s messenger (P.b.u.h) was born
something very remarkable happened.
An Ethiopian ruler names Abraha was ruling Yemen at that
time. He was angry because many people went to Makkah
every year to visit the Ka’bah.
Abraha built a splendid Church in San’aa, but the people did
not come to his Church. They continued to visit the Ka’bah.
Abraha needed no further excuse. He set out for Makkah with a
large army to break the ka’bah down. At the front of the army
he placed an elephant. No one in Makkah had ever seen an
Abraha was not far from Makkah when the elephant stopped
and it wouldn’t move any further. Abraha’s large army also
At this point a miracle happened. The Qur’an tells us its story.
Since then this year was called the year of Elephant. It was the
year Allah’s messenger (P.b.u.h) was born.
Prophet’s mother name was Aminah bint Wahab. She belonged
to a noble family of a tribe Quraysh.
The prophet’s father name was Abdullah and his grandfather
name was Abdul-Mutatalib. They also belonged to the Quraysh
A few month before birth of Prophet Muhammad (P.b.u.h), his
father Abdulah had gone to Syria with a trade caravan. On his
return he fell sick. He stayed in Yathrib (Madinah) for a while
hoping to get better before he went back to Makkah.
He died in Madinah months before the birth of his son.
Abdullah was only 25 years old when he died.
When his mother Aminah gave birth to him, his grandfather
Abdul-Mutalib named him Muhammad. Abdul-Mutalib hoped
that his grandson would be praised and respected by everyone
in the world.
Most of the Quraysh used to send their newborn children to the
desert. There they would spend their early childhood with a
This gave the children good health. It kept them away from the
crowd city. This also helped them to learn the pure Arabic
According to custom of the Arab nobles, the prophet (P.b.u.h)
was given into are of lady haleemah Sa’diyyah.
Haleemah took upon herself to suckle Muhammad (P.b.u.h)
and bring him up. She world come to Makkah twice a year so
that Muhammad (P.b.u.h) could meet his mother and
Haleemah Sa’diyyah suckled him for two years and he ramined
with her for four years. He tended sheep as soon as he was old
enough to walk and learnt the ways of the desert. He brought
great good fortune to his foster parents.
His mother Aminah called him back to Makkah at the end of
four years. When he was six, his mother took him Yathrib
(Madinah), where his father died.
But Aminah herself fell ill and died on her way back to
Makkah at abwa, a place between Madinah and Makkah.
Allah’s messenger (P.b.u.h) now came under the care of his
grandfather Abdul-muttalib. Abdul-muttalib was eight years old
then. He was the head of the Hashim clan.
Abdul-muttalib loved his little grandson very much. He kept
the boy with him as he rested in the shadow of the ka’bah. Here
the two of them could watch the world go by.
When the boy eight years old, Abdul-muttalib died. Now the
prophet (P.b.u.h) came under the care of his uncle Abu-talib.
Abdul-muttalib was wise enough to give him to the care of Abu
Talib because he and the prophet’s father Abdullah were born
of the same mother.
Abu Talib took special care of his nephew. He held him dearer
than his own sons. He made him sleep on his own bed. When
the prophet (P.b.u.h) was twelve years old, Abu talib planned to
go with a trade caravan to Syria. Abu talib took him along to
When the caravan reached Busra (a part of Syria), a Christian
monk named Bahira saw the Prophet (P.b.u.h). Bahira was
learned and wise. He recognized Muhammad (P.b.u.h) as the
He told Abu Talib that his nephew was set to become a prophet.
He advised Abu Talib to look after him with special care.