Adolescent Aggressive Behavior Monday 23rd of yesterday my heart was sad when I saw the news on a private television station, where two groups of teenagers who are still wearing a blue and white uniforms clashed in a street struck the capital, Jakarta. Yes, that's what kids our junior high students who are attacking each other with each other, aka brawl. The incident was immediately reminded me of a year ago, in which our society digegerkan with deviant acts committed by our youth, in Bandung with bike gang, the gang Neronya in Pati, as well as in other places that did not get exposed by the media . That is one side of teenage life in our beloved country, which supposedly will be the next generation. For our society, acts of violence, either individually or in bulk may have a daily news. As we all know at this time some television (both national and local) and even create special programs that broadcast news about violence. Acts of violence can happen anywhere, as in the streets, in schools, in housing complexes, even in the countryside. Action may take the form of verbal violence (berate) as well as physical violence (hitting, punching, etc.). In action among adolescents commonly known as student brawls / mass is already too often we have seen, and even tended to be normal. Perpetrators of acts of this action even have been started by students in junior secondary / junior high. This is very worrying for us all Acts of violence that often do teenage aggression is actually the behavior of the individual or group. Aggression itself according Scheneiders (1955) is a surge of emotion as a reaction to the failure of individuals who are revealed in the form of destruction against persons or objects with the element of intent expressed by the words (verbal) and nonverbal behavior. Aggressive by Murry (in Halll and Lindzey, 1993) as a suatui didefinisiakan way to fight with a very strong, fighting, wounding, attack, kill, or punish others. Or in a nutshell aggression is an act intended to injure others or damage property of others. Aggressive behavior, according to David O. Sars (1985) is any perilkau that aims to hurt other people, can also be addressed to the feeling of wanting to hurt others in a person. Meanwhile, according to Abidin (2005) has some characteristic aggressive. Characteristics of the first, is aggressive behavior that is harmful, hurtful, and wounding others. The second characteristic, aggressive behavior is a committed person with intent to injure, hurt, and harm others or in other words done on purpose. The third characteristic, aggression is not only done to hurt the victim physically, but also a psychic (psychological), for example, through activities that insulting atu blame. Of the several definitions that have been raised then can we draw the conclusion that aggressive behavior is an act of violence, either verbally or physically deliberate performed by individuals or groups against other people or other objects with the aim to melaukai physically and psychologically. The question then is what factors can trigger the aggressive behavior? Why trivial cases in the social life of everyday people can suddenly turn into a big disaster that resulted in the loss of human life? Why To answer these questions, it helps us understand first what are the causes of aggressive behavior. According to Davidoff adolescent aggressive behavior is influenced by several factors: 1. Biological Factors There are several biological factors that affect aggressive behavior that is: a. The gene seems to affect the formation of the neural systems that regulate behavioral aggression. From research conducted on animals, ranging from the difficult to the most easily provoked anger, heredity seems to make male animals derived from different types of more irritable than females. b. Brain systems involved in aggression were not able to reinforce or inhibit the neural circuits that control aggression. In simple animals anger can be inhibited or enhanced by stimulating the limbic system (which cause pleasure areas in humans) so there is a reciprocal relationship between pleasure and cruelty. Prescott (Davidoff, 1991) states that the person will be a little pleasure-oriented aggression while the people who have never experienced the fun, excitement or leisurely inclined to cruelty and destruction (aggression). Prescott believes that a strong desire to destroy due to the inability to enjoy things that caused brain injury from lack of stimulation when the baby is. c. Blood chemistry. Blood chemistry (particularly the sex hormones are partly determined heredity) can also affect the behavior of aggression. In an experiment scientists injected the mice testosteropada hormones and some other animals (testosterone is the primary androgen hormone that gives the male sex characteristics), the rats were fighting more frequent and more powerful. When testosterone is reduced into a gentle animal. The fact shows that children who had been castrated bull (cut off her genitals) will be benign. Whereas in women who are experiencing menstrual period, levels of female hormones that estrogendan progresteronmenurun amount as a result many women report that they feel irritable, restless, tense and hostile. In addition, many women who have violated the law (acts of aggression) during the menstrual cycle. 2. Environmental factors That influence adolescent aggressive behavior that is: a. Poverty Teenagers are great in environments of poverty, then they are naturally aggressive behavior strengthened. It is very sad is to protracted crises and monetary causes pembengklakan ekonimi kemskinan increasingly out of control. This means that the potential explosion of the greater levels of aggression. Yes, although we must admit that poverty was not always make someone behave aggressively, with evidence of many people in rural poverty despite living in a state but not membuatnnya behave aggressively, because he has accepted his situation is. b. Anoniomitas Too much sensory stimulation and cognitive make the world a very impersonal, meaning from one person to another person no longer know each other. Furthermore, individuals tend to be anonymous (not having identiras themselves). If a person feels anonymous it tends to behave arbitrarily, because he was not terikkat with community norms da less sympathize with others. c. The temperature of the hot air When observed closely brawl that occurred in Jakarta often occurs at noon in the blazing hot sun, but when the rainy season is relatively no incidents. So also with the demonstrations that led to clashes with security forces that are common in hot weather and hot but when rain-soaked day of action has also been quiet. This is consistent with the view that a high ambient temperature have an impact on social behavior in the form of increased aggressiveness. In 1968 U.S. Riot Comision been reported that in the summer, a series of riots and mass aggression are more prevalent in the United States compared with other seasons (Fisher et al, in Sarlito, Environmental Psychology, 1992 3. The generation gap The differences or gaps (gap) between the generations of children with their parents can be seen in the form of communication links that increasingly minimal and often incoherent. Failure of communication between parents and children believed to be one of the causes of aggressive behavior in children. 4. Anger Anger is an emotion that has a characteristic activity of the parasympathetic nervous system is high and the feeling of a very strong dislike which is usually due to an error that muingkin akarena manifestly wrong or maybe not (Davidoff, An Introduction to Psychology, 1991). At the moment there is a sense Amrah want to strike, punch, destroy or throw something and usually develops a cruel mind. When it happens it is channeled aggressive behavior. 5. The role of learning model of violence Model of the heroes in the movies is often a reward after they commit violent acts. It can make the audience will increasingly get reinforcement that this is a wonderful thing and can be used as a value system for himself. By watching scenes of violence took place the process of learning a role model and Promised violence is becoming very effective for the creation of aggressive behavior. 6. Frustration Frustration occurs when someone is blocked by ssesuatu thing in achieving a goal, needs, desires, expectations or specific action. Aggression is one way of responding to frustration. Teenagers poor rogue is a result of the frustration that relate to the amount of idle time, financial mediocre and there needs to be immediate but it's hard tepenuhi tercap [ai. As a result they become irritable and behave aggression. 7. Disciplinary process is wrong Educational discipline with the application of harsh authoritarian primarily done by providing physical punishment, can cause various adverse effects for adolescents (Sukadji, Family and Educational Success, 1988). Disciplines such as education will make a teenager into a coward, not friendly with other people, hate people who give punishment, loss of spontaneity and loss of initiative and ultimately vent his anger in the form of aggression to others. Since human beings are born into this world he will pass through some period of life until the time he reached the hole Lahad. Childhood, adolescence, adulthood, and later became a parent, is no more merely a natural process in a continuous life of the stages of growth that must be passed by a man. Each period of growth has its own characteristics, each has advantages and disadvantages. Similarly adolescence. Adolescence is often regarded as the most vulnerable in the process of this life. Adolescence often cause anxiety for parents. Adolescence is often a lot of discussion in seminars. Yet, for the adolescents themselves, this period is the most enjoyable times in his life. Therefore, by knowing the factors as described above is expected to take the benefits for parents, educators and especially the youth themselves in behavior and educating the next generation to be better so that acts of violence either in the form of verbal aggression and physical aggression can be minimized or even eliminated. Khalil Gibran said that children are like arrows. The question is, have these arrows have the freedom to drive where he go? Or for the sake of prestige, or whatever other arrows that will be taken and attached to the target? Teenagers are a generation of a civilization. Therefore has a strategic role in development planning and even the direction and development actors themselves. However, the wrong treatment on both the naughty teens or not by parents and policy makers will actually result in worsening the nation's civilization. The last question is Have we take appropriate steps to guide actions to something more positive?