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Crime Prevention Tips
         and
Public Safety Services




Presented by the Olathe Police Department
                              TABLE OF CONTENTS

RESIDENTIAL & VEHICLE SECURITY
                                 Exterior Security
Address Numbers                                                            1
Shrubbery & Trees                                                          1
Fences                                                                     2
Exterior Lighting                                                          2
Door Frames & Sub-frames                                                   3
Locks and Hinges                                                           4
Locking Accessories (Strike plates, Protective collar, French doors)       5
Padlocks & Hasps                                                           6
Windows                                                                  6-7
Sliding Doors                                                              8
Physical Security Ordinance                                                9
Alarm Systems                                                             10
Security Survey                                                           11
                                       Interior
Door Viewer, Telephones, Light Timers                                     12
Confirming Identities                                                  12-13
Garage Doors                                                              13
Power of Light                                                            14
                                      Vehicles
Preventing Vehicle Theft                                                 15

PERSONAL & TRAFFIC SAFETY
                              Personal Safety Tips
Personal Safety for Adults                                             17-18
Personal Safety for Children                                              18
Child DNA Collection                                                   18-19
Halloween Safety                                                       19-20
Personal Safety for Seniors                                            20-22
Gun Safety                                                                22
Carjacking                                                             22-23
Road Rage                                                                 23
                               Traffic Safety Tips
Seat Belts                                                                24
Child Safety Seats                                                     25-26
Airbag Safety                                                          26-28
Walking and Biking (Toddlers – Age 6)                                  28-30
Walking and Biking (Kindergarten – Grade 3)                            30-32
School Bus Stops                                                       32-34
Tires                                                                  34-35
Bicycle Safety                                                         35-36
School-Related Safety                        36-38

MISCELLANEOUS TIPS AND PROGRAMS
Neighborhood Watch Standards                    40
Operation I.D.                                  41
Neighborhood Traffic Safety Program          42-43
Operation Lifeline                              43
National Night Out                           43-44
Crime Free Multi-Housing                     44-45
Identity Theft                               46-47
Gang Involvement                                47
Graffiti                                        48
Animal Control Unit                          48-49
Emergency Preparedness                          50
Household Readiness Kit                      50-51
Neighborhood & Human Services                51-52
Youth Service Programs                          52
Citizen Concern Request System                  53
Olathe Police Dept Mission, Values, Vision      54
 Residential and
Vehicular Security
                           Exterior Security




Address Numbers
One of the most frequent concerns expressed by emergency responders is not being
able to find address numbers displayed on the structure. This includes single family
homes, duplexes, apartments and businesses. Some businesses may have an
advantage if their business name is prominently displayed. Saving time looking for
numbers could mean the difference between life and death.

When posting numbers on your dwelling, remember CONTRAST. If you have a light
background, use dark numbers. The bigger the size of the numbers, the better the
visibility. Brass numbers tend to reflect light and are not easily distinguishable.
Painting the numbers on the curb can help but don’t use that as your only location.
Another consideration is where to put the numbers. Most emergency personnel look
toward the front door. Put the numbers under a light source. We all should be
turning on our outside lights at night and turning them off in the morning. If you do
not practice this habit, turn on the outside light at night after you call emergency
services.

Trim up the trees and trim down the bushes to open up the front of your house.
Help us to find you in an emergency. Take a look at your home and the homes on
your street. Can you find the address?

Shrubbery and Trees
Shrubbery and trees can be used as concealment for an intruder. Therefore, you
should prune and trim your shrubs and trees regularly to keep them at a height
which would limit the concealment. By doing so, neighbors, passersby and police
officers will be better able to observe any criminal activity that may occur.


                                         1
Fences
Fences can present a security problem; privacy or stockade fences may offer
concealment for an intruder. Chain link fences can be seen through and present
very limited concealment. If padlocks are used on the gates of fences, it may delay
an intruder who is attempting to remove large items from the residence via a fenced
yard. Lighting is the most effective means of reducing the concealment offered by
fences.

Exterior Lighting
Lighting is one of the most effective deterrents to a potential intruder. The intruder
does not want to risk being noticed by a neighbor or passerby. Ideally, all possible
points of entry (doors or windows) should be illuminated. Lights should be used
regularly every night, and not just when the occupant is away, because this
establishes a pattern that a potential intruder could use to determine vacancy.

The lights chosen do not have to be expensive. They may be fixtures with 25 watt or
40 watt bulbs that are well placed to offer a maximum field of view while reducing
any shadows that could be used for concealment. There are many types of lights and
fixtures available (see diagram). One feature that may be considered is an electric
eye which turns the lights on at sundown and off at sunrise. This may help save
electricity and avoid a pattern being established.




                                          2
Door Frames and Sub-frames
The door frame is the decorative soft wood, usually ¾” thick, that surrounds the
door, often with an air space between the frame and sub-frame, which consists of
2”x4” boards. It is not unusual for ¾” screws to be used to attach the hinges and
strike plates of a door to the frame. This presents a situation where moderate force
used against the locked door will splinter the frame, causing the strike plate to give
way and allowing entry to be gained.

Measures can be taken to reinforce the frame. Check to see if there is an air space
between the frame and sub-frame. If there is, fill that space with a piece of plywood
that needs to extend only 2 or 3 inches above and below where any screws will be
attached to the frame. Then use 2- to 3-inch fully-threaded screws to secure the
strike plate and hinges to the frame. This will anchor the hardware to the sub-
frame and effectively enhance its ability to withstand force (see diagram).




                                          3
Locks – Deadbolt
The two most common types of deadbolts are the single cylinder and double
cylinder. The most effective locks will feature bolts or throws that are at least one
inch long. The best locks will have rotating case hardened shrouds that prevent
them from being twisted off with a pair of pliers or other tools. Single cylinder
deadbolts have a thumb turn on the interior side, the advantage being it is
convenient to use and may speed up the exit process in the event of fire.

Double cylinder deadbolts utilize keys on both sides. Note: The use of this type of
lock presents a life safety hazard due to the need of a key to exit. The City of Olathe
has adopted the Life Safety Code making it a code violation to have a double
cylinder deadbolt installed on an exit in your home.

Many times when deadbolts are installed, the strike plates (bolt receptacles) are
fastened to the frame with only ¾” screws. As mentioned in the previous section,
these screws should be replaced with 2- to 3-inch fully-threaded screws so the strike
plate is anchored to the sub-frame.




Hinges
Hinges are often installed with the same ¾” screws as the strike plates are. These
should be replaced with 2- to 3-inch fully-threaded screws so the hinges are
anchored to the sub-frame. In some cases the hinges are installed in such a manner
that the hinge pins are exposed to the exterior and an intruder may attempt to
remove the hinge pins in an effort to gain entry. Hinges can be pinned by installing
a partially-threaded screw into the frame side of the hinge. The unthreaded portion
of the screw is left exposed and the head of the screw is cut off. A corresponding hole
is drilled into the door and hinge on the opposing side so that when the door is shut,
the exposed portion of the screw fits into the door. This will prevent the door from
being lifted out (see diagram).




                                          4
Strike Plates
The weakest area of many good doors with good locks is the strike plate, jamb and
frame. To strengthen any strike plate, mount it with screws at least 3” long to allow
the screws to reach the stud. Figure A shows an extra security strike plate for
deadbolt locks; Figures B, C and D are standard strike plates.




Protective Collar


              To further strengthen any door, add a protective collar of 16- or 20-
              gauge metal before installing the lock. The collars are primarily used
              on solid core doors to support the installation of a quality lock and
              reduce the likelihood of the door being pried open. It will also hide
              jimmy marks and short splits.




French Doors


The inactive side of a French door may be secured
with head and foot flush bolts. The bolts should extend
past the door molding into the frame.




                                         5
Padlocks and Hasps
                     Padlocks should be made of case-hardened steel, and both the
                     heel and toe of the shackle should lock. Hasps should be made
                     of case-hardened steel and have rounded corners. The eye
                     should be one-piece construction. All screws that are used
                     should be covered and 2- to 3-inches in length, or bolts with
                     nuts can be used.



Windows
Windows present a vulnerable area because glass is easily broken and most factory-
installed locks are easily defeated. There are four basic types of windows: Double
hung, sliding, casement and louvered, most being either wood or metal framed.
Basement windows may be louvered, sliding or casement and are most vulnerable
due to location and accessibility.

   1. Double hung windows: The most economical method of providing additional
      security to wooden framed double hung windows is to pin them. Pinning is
      done by drilling a hole somewhat larger than the pin or nail to be used at a
      slightly downward angle to contact both sashes when the window is in the
      closed position (see diagram). Be sure when the holes are drilled, they do not
      break through to the exterior surface of the frame. Additional holes can be
      drilled with the window open 3 to 4 inches, which would allow for ventilation
      but prevent the window from being opened any further. Regular galvanized
      nails can be used as pins. Metal frame double hung windows do not lend
      themselves to pinning as readily as wood frames. There are many locking
      devices on the market for this type of window. These devices block the track
      in one way or another and effectively prevent the window from being raised
      and are usually available at local hardware stores.




   2. Sliding Windows: These are similar in design to sliding glass doors; therefore,
      the preventive measures are similar. A wood or metal bar can be placed in
      the track to prevent the window from sliding open. Metal screws can be


                                         6
   placed in the track above the sliding window at a height that allows the
   window to pass by but does not allow the window to be raised and removed
   from the track. Other locking devices for this type of window are available at
   most hardware stores.

3. Casement Windows: These are either out swing or awning type and have
   crank handles that move the active portion of the window outward.
   Suggested preventive measures are to keep the window closed tightly so it
   cannot be pulled open, use the existing locks and remove the crank handle. If
   the handles are removed, keep them nearby in the event there is a fire. Other
   locks are on the market that can be adapted to this type of window.

4. Louvered Windows: This type of window is easily defeated, as the individual
   window panes can be pulled out and entry can be gained. Replacement of this
   type of window should be considered, or protective bars can be installed (see
   basement window diagram). Another option would be to super glue the
   individual panes in place and remove the rotating handle. Be aware,
   however, of the potential fire escape hazard this would present.

5. Basement Windows: There are several different designs for basement
   windows, none of which are very secure. Bars are the most effective security
   measure that can be applied to these windows. There are two types: immobile
   bars and hinged bars. Hinged bars are secured with a padlock, and the
   window on which they are installed can still be used as an exit in the event of
   fire. There should be two fire exits from every room, so if there are several
   windows in the basement, less expensive immobile bars could be used on
   some windows while the hinged type could be used on others (see diagram).




                                      7
Sliding Glass Doors
Sliding glass doors are a security risk. Factory installed locks normally are
inadequate and easily defeated. Also, many times there is a gap between the top of
the door and the track, which allows the door to be picked up and removed from the
track. Several security measures should be taken to secure a sliding glass door. A
“Charlie bar” can be installed between the frame and rear of the sliding door.
Deadbolt locks are commercially produced for the tracks of sliding glass doors and
can be installed. The sliding door can be pinned to the stationary door and metal
screws can be installed in the tracks above the door at a height which allows the
door to pass by but eliminates the door being picked up and removed from the track
(see diagram).




                                        8
Physical Security Ordinance
On June 6th, 2006, the Physical Security Ordinance (15.01.125) was approved by the
Olathe City Council. This ordinance is included as a subsection of the International
Residential Code for single- and multi-family dwellings. The purpose of this
ordinance was to establish a minimum standard for construction that incorporates
physical security features in an effort to make dwelling units more resistant to
unlawful entry. The provision of this ordinance apply to all new structures and to
alterations, additions and repairs as stipulated in Appendix J of the International
Residential Code.

The following diagram displays the major impacts to physical security by this
ordinance.


                                                                                       Shim locations with 3½” screws
                                                                                       thru thickest part of jamb at all
                                                                                       corners and midpoints. Counter
                                                                       HEADER          sink and caulk screw heads


                                                                                       Nonside light option: At least (2)
 All ext. doors shall have escutcheon                                                  3” screws, penetrating at least 1”
 plates door channel installed around                                                  into wall structure shall be
 the lock protecting the door’s edge                                                   provided in each hinge. Solid
                                                                                       wood fillers or shims shall be
 Dead bolt receiver shall have at least                                                used to eliminate any space
 2-3” screws                                                                           between the wall structure and
                                                                                       door behind each hinge
 Horizontal blocking shall be placed
 between studs at the door lock height                                                 Manufacturer-applied jamb brace
 for 3 stud spaces on each side of the                                                 required between door jamb and
 door opening                                                                          side light. This requires self
                                                                                       tapping screws with a standard 2-
Exterior doors strike plates shall be a                                                hole strike plate.
minimum of 18 gauge metal with 4 offset                                                Retrofit jamb brace attached with
screw holes. Strike plates shall be attached      All main door or front entry
with not less than (4) 3” screws which shall      doors to dwelling units shall be     3” screws in lieu of jamb brace
have a minimum of 1” penetration into the         arranged so that the occupant        between door and side light. This
nearest stud. Jambs shall be solid blocked        has a view of the area               application requires an L-shaped
with hardwood so no void exists between the       immediately outside the door         strike plate installed behind the
strike side of the jamb and the frame opening     without opening the door. The        jamb brace
for a vertical distance of 12” each side of the   view may be provided by a door
strike. As an alternative a metal jamb brace      viewer having a field of view not
extending 12” above and below the strike can      less than 180° thru windows or
                                                  view ports.
                                                                                       Use 3½” screws thru side of jamb
be provided. There shall be (4) 3½” screws
thru the jamb brace and into framing. Self-       *All exterior doors, including the   to secure (optional)
tapping screws shall be used to attach a 2-       door leading from the garage to
hole strike plate.                                the dwelling unit are covered
                                                  under these provisions.




                                                                 9
Alarm Systems
Before you buy an alarm system, check the reputation of the manufacturer through
references and the Better Business Bureau. Is the company a member of a State or
National Burglar and Fire Alarm organization? Contact current customers.
Warranties should cover a routine scheduled maintenance of the system. Determine
what restrictions the company places on the use of the system if you lease. Do not
divulge any information about your residence over the telephone. Only accept an on-
site inspection by appointment.

Important security features include magnetic sensors for doors, perimeter
protection, interior motion detection protection and fire and smoke alarms. Battery
back-up power is necessary for the alarm to work during power outages and can
reduce false alarms. Burying the telephone lines can prevent cutting.

Variable circumstances and conditions such as mechanical and human error can
affect any protection system. Make sure you are completely knowledgeable of the
system and it does not disrupt your normal family routine. No alarm or supervisory
system or service can absolutely guarantee against an unwanted intrusion. Basic
security measures, such as properly securing doors and windows and using
adequate outdoor lighting can dramatically decrease your chances of victimization.

                          Alarm Company Interview
Your Personal Information
   • What is my alarm system budget?
   • How many potential break-in areas are there?
   • Is the system protection primarily for people or property?
   • Are my neighbors going to respond to an audible alarm?
   • Are my pets kept indoors?
   • Which rooms contain more easily stolen valuables?
   • Who will be operating the system?
   • Do I want to buy or lease the system?

Company Information
  • Is the company insured and UL listed?
  • What warranties are included?
  • What are the charges after the warranty expires?
  • How long do I have to wait if I need service?
  • How long will the back-up battery last after AC power loss?
  • How am I alerted if the system malfunctions?
  • What additional protection is available to protect the alarm system?
  • Is the telephone line buried and brought into my basement as a part of your
     installation?
  • Is the alarm monitored 24-hours daily by a central monitoring facility?
  • Where is the central monitoring facility located?
  • Are the system instructions easy to understand?


                                           10
                                                                                   Windows:
        Home Security Survey                                                                                                    Yes No
                                                                                   Are double-hung windows pinned? .......[ ]        []
                                                                                   Are locks installed in the tracks? ..........[ ]  []
Locks, Doors and Windows                                                           Are storm windows used? ......................[ ] []
                                                                                   Are windows locked when shut? ...........[ ]      []
Do perimeter doors have deadbolt locks with a                                      Do basement windows have bars or
minimum of one-inch throw bolts that extend                                         other window protection? ...................[ ]  []
into the door frame?
                                                           Yes No
Front door? ............................................... [ ] [ ]                Lighting
Rear door? ................................................ [ ] [ ]
Side door? ................................................. [ ] [ ]               Are all entrances to the home lighted from
Garage entrance? (inside) ....................... [ ] [ ]                          dusk to dawn?
Garage door? (outside) ............................. [ ] [ ]                                                                                Yes No
Basement door? ........................................ [ ] [ ]                    Front door? .............................................[ ]  []
                                                                                   Rear door? ...............................................[ ] []
Are all perimeter doors made of solid                                              Side door? ...............................................[ ] []
  wood or metal? ...................................... [ ]            []          Garage door? (outside) ...........................[ ]         []
Are locks in good repair? ......................... [ ]                []          Basement door? ......................................[ ]      []
Are doors always left locked? .................. [ ]                   []
Is there a peephole or window on or                                                Are address numbers clearly posted
  near the front door? .............................. [ ]              []           and lighted at night? ..........................[ ]               []
Do you know who has spare keys? .......... [ ]                         []          Are outside lights on timers or photo
                                                                                    cells? ....................................................[ ]    []
Are the door hinges and lock strike plates                                         Are inside lights on timers? ...................[ ]                []
secured with at least 3-inch screws?                                               Are trees trimmed up from the bottom
                                                           Yes No                   to allow view from the street? ............[ ]                    []
Front door? ............................................... [ ] [ ]                Are shrubs trimmed down away from
Rear door? ................................................ [ ] [ ]                 doors and windows? ............................[ ]                []
Side door? ................................................. [ ] [ ]
Garage entrance? (inside) ....................... [ ] [ ]                          Alarms
Garage door? (outside) ............................. [ ] [ ]
Basement door? ........................................ [ ] [ ]                                                                                    Yes No
                                                                                   Is there an alarm system? .....................[ ]                   []
Sliding Glass doors:                                                               Are alarm signs clearly posted? ............[ ]                      []
                                                             Yes No                Is the master control box secured
Are the sliding doors pinned with a                                                  inside a security closet? ......................[ ]                []
 slide bolt, a frame deadbolt or bar? ..... [ ] [ ]                                Is the phone line buried or mounted
Are screws in the door track to                                                      inside for protection against cutting?
 prevent the door from being lifted                                                   ..............................................................[ ] []
 out? ........................................................ [ ] [ ]             Is there an outside audible alarm
                                                                                     concealed from sight? .........................[ ]                 []
Double or French doors:                                                            Is the alarm system monitored by a
                                                                  Yes No             central monitoring station? ................[ ]                    []
Is one door secured with a slide bolt
  into the floor and upper doorframe?
   ................................................................ [ ] [ ]
Is there a deadbolt installed? .................. [ ] [ ]

Garage doors:
                                                       Yes No
Are they closed and locked? .................... [ ] [ ]
Are padlocks used in the track while
 on vacation? .......................................... [ ] [ ]



                                                                              11
                            Interior Security
Interior Doors
Most interior doors are of hollow core construction and therefore are not very
sturdy. If locks are used on these doors it should not be for security purposes, but
rather for safety purposes to protect small children (i.e. furnace room, hot water
tanks, harmful cleaning products, etc).

Door Viewer
No one should answer the door until it has been determined who is outside. A
simple solution is to ask or look out a nearby window. Another solution is to install
a “peephole” or door viewer. It should be a wide angle viewer and should be at a
level that all household members can use.

Telephones
Telephones should be strategically placed throughout the house to provide the
residents with ready access in case of an emergency. In the event of a life or
property threatening emergency, 911 should be dialed. If the caller cannot speak for
some reason, the police dispatcher will have a record of the number where the call
came from and the police will respond.

Light Timers
Having lights and appliances on timers while the residents are away from home will
give the residence a lived-in appearance. Even if the absence is temporary, or if the
resident is at home, keeping some lights on timers will prevent an intruder from
determining a specific schedule of arrival and departure times.

Confirming Identities
When you receive a knock at your door, do you know who is standing there? It could
be a relative or friend. Could it be a criminal? The following tips may reduce your
chances of becoming a victim of a crime. Don’t forget to teach your children these
tips:

   •   Don’t open your door unless you can identify the person. Keep your deadbolt
       locked and use your window or peephole to see outside. Chain locks can be
       broken by pushing from the outside with minimal force.
   •   At night, keep your outside light on at all times to help you and your
       neighbors see who is at your door.

                                         12
   •   If a stranger needs help, you can certainly call 911 without opening your
       door.
   •   There is no problem in talking through a closed door. You and the stranger
       can hear each other.
   •   Always confirm identities from repair persons before opening your door. Don’t
       rely on the phone number that they provide you. Use your telephone book
       and look up the name of the company and call.
   •   If you see repair companies in your neighborhood and do not recognize
       obvious problems, call the repair company to confirm that work is taking
       place in the area. Call the police if the company cannot confirm.

Garage Doors
Recognizing a potential crime risk and taking action may help you reduce your
chances of becoming a victim. Open garage doors, for example, allow opportunity for
someone to steal things from inside the garage or enter in the door that leads into
your house. Current favorite items to steal include sports equipment such as golf
clubs and bags, bicycles, power tools, radar detectors, car stereos, cell phones and
laptop computers.

One way to protect yourself and your property is to make your house, and
specifically your garage, less attractive to thieves. Look at the following suggestions
for manually operated and electric garage doors that may help to reduce your
chances of becoming a victim:

   •   Develop a nightly routine, perhaps at bedtime, of checking whether your
       garage door is down and locked. Remind your children to close the door.
   •   At the same time, lock the door leading from the garage into your house.
   •   Close and lock the garage door when not in use. There have been instances
       where thieves have entered the garage while homeowners have been working
       in the backyard.
   •   Take your keys and valuables out of your car while parked in the garage.

Special considerations for electric garage doors:

   •   Some electric doors can re-open when they hit an obstruction such as ice or
       snow, rake handles or toys. Make sure the door stays down when you enter
       the house or drive away.
   •   Make sure your door opener frequency has not been left at the factory preset
       position. This helps to prevent any thief from randomly opening the door
       using a remote opener.
   •   For long-term absences you could consider unplugging the garage door
       opener, using the factory installed lock or using locks in the rail system of the
       garage door (the last could be a fire safety risk so it should be considered only
       for extended absences when no one is going to be in the residence).


                                          13
The Power of Light
Most burglaries take place during the daytime hours when homes and apartments
aren’t likely to be occupied. But the cover of darkness affords no less opportunity for
the burglar. How do you fight back? With lights, strategically placed and designed.
Here are some tips:

   •   Buy outdoor lights with photoelectric cells that turn on automatically at dark
       and go off at dawn. This way you won’t forget to leave your lights on during
       the day, a clue that you may be on vacation.
   •   Don’t mount all your outdoor light fixtures at a level that makes it easy for
       burglars to unscrew the light bulbs. Include installations mounted on the
       gable of a roof or garage.
   •   Attach flashers to your alarm system. When set off by a break-in, blinking
       flood lights will alert your neighbors that a burglary is in progress.
   •   Total darkness in a home is an invitation for burglars to strike. Leaving a
       single light on is not much better. Use automatic timers that simulate normal
       lighting patterns at staggered intervals.
   •   A brightly lit lawn is no guarantee that a burglar won’t strike, especially
       when the lighting system is not strategically positioned. Example: burglars
       will often use the dark shadows that bright light creates along the side of the
       house, say, near a bedroom window.
   •   Strongly consider the use of motion sensitive lights. They can highlight a
       trespasser, make his suspicious presence/activity stand out and draw
       attention to, as well as, unnerve him.

City of Olathe Municipal Code 6.06.045 Unlawful Outdoor Illumination

(a) No person shall install, maintain and/or use an outdoor visible light or other
source of illumination which is on private property and produces glare or direct
illumination across a property line in a residential area of such intensity that it
creates a nuisance or unreasonably interferes with the use or enjoyment of adjacent
property.

(b) Outside lights must be made up of a light source and reflector so that, acting
together, the light beam is controlled and not directed across a property line.

(c) This section shall not apply to street lights or lights installed, maintained and
used in connection with the use and operation of any outdoor stadium,
amphitheater or athletic field.

(d) Unlawful outdoor illumination as defined by this section shall be deemed to be a
“nuisance” under this chapter, and to effect legal relief, persons directly affected
may sign a complaint in Municipal Court. (Ord. 94-60 § 1, 1994.)


                                          14
                             Vehicle Security
Tips to counter car rip-offs
It’s late. You’re tired. After working all day, you arrive home and park your car,
looking forward to resting in the comfort and security of your residence. The next
morning you wake up, go outside and discover your vehicle has been “burglarized.”
A shattered window, pry marks around the door or window or perhaps no visible
signs of forced entry at all. The inside has been rifled, items tossed around and
contents are missing. No matter the method – you have been victimized!

Each week many vehicles become targets of thieves. Monetary losses from contents
taken are high, but sometimes the damage caused by the thieves cost more than the
property taken. What can you do to keep from becoming a victim? The following tips
may help:

   •   Try to park your vehicle in a parked garage.
   •   If you do not have an enclosed garage, try parking in your driveway as close
       as possible to the house. This will help prevent thieves from hiding between
       the house and the car. It will also make it harder to open the hood of the car,
       thus protecting engine parts from theft.
   •   Remove your remote garage door opener to prevent the thief from gaining
       access to your garage and house at that time or later.
   •   Leave outside lights to your residence on to illuminate where your car is
       parked.
   •   If you have to park on a street or a parking lot, park in a well-lit area.
   •   Lock all the doors and roll up the windows.
   •   Secure all valuables out of sight in the trunk or remove them from the car
       daily.
   •   If your vehicle is a pick-up or other truck, remove exposed equipment or
       property. Secure equipment in permanently mounted storage or tool boxes
       with high quality locks.
   •   Consider tinting side windows to the extent allowed by law to prevent easy
       visibility of contents by thieves.
   •   If you see or hear unusual activity, call the police immediately. Provide
       detailed descriptions of persons and vehicles involved.

Do not attempt to interrupt a suspected crime yourself! If your vehicle has been
broken into, report it to the police as soon as possible. Avoid touching the vehicle
until the police have responded to process the scene for possible evidence.

Sometimes, no matter what you do to secure your valuables, a burglary can occur.
However, following these suggestions and using common sense can help minimize
your likelihood of becoming a victim.


                                          15
Personal and Traffic
      Safety
Personal Safety for Adults
While at Home
  • Use the locks that you have on your home. If your locks need upgrading or
      repair, get them fixed.
  • Lock your car when parked and unattended. Make it harder for the potential
      thief to get inside. Hide valuables out of sight. Don’t leave valuables in the
      car.
  • Install a peephole, if you don’t have one. Don’t answer the door unless you
      can see the person outside.
  • If you are consistently receiving hang-up telephone calls or obscene telephone
      calls, call the police and report the incidents. The police report can be the
      first detail to provide information to the telephone company to help trace the
      call.
  • Use an answering machine to screen unwanted telephone calls and provide
      evidence to the police if the calls warrant a police report. Don’t be intimidated
      by the caller who wants to sell you something. Hang up if you don’t want to
      talk. Prizes are not free when it costs you money to receive the gift.
  • Use the outside lights on your home. Use timers on interior lights when you
      are away from home or get a neighbor to turn on the lights.
  • Recent research indicates that a 100 watt light bulb will cost approx. 7.5
      cents to run it for 10 hours if you have electricity with Kansas City Power
      and Light. A 100 watt light bulb will cost approx. 5.9 cents to run it for 10
      hours if you have electricity with Kansas Power and Light. You only need a
      60 watt bulb to illuminate your front and back yards. At a minimum, one
      month cost for exterior light security with KCPL would be $4.24 and $3.30
      with KPL.

When away from Home
  • Park in well-lit parking lots
  • Avoid isolated areas
  • Lock your car when attended and unattended
  • Don’t try to get in your car if someone is standing near. Wait till that person
     leaves before approaching your car.
  • Look inside your car before getting in
  • Look and see if someone is sitting in the car next to you. Make eye contact
     but don’t stare. Let the person(s) know that you see them before getting into
     your car.

Walking
  • When walking, walk with a purpose, i.e. head up, alert, steady pace.
  • Pay attention to your surroundings.
  • Avoid walking in the dark and around isolated areas.
  • If you suspect a car is following you, turn around and walk in the opposite
     direction, then get help.


                                          17
   •   Walk with a buddy as we teach our children to play with buddies.

Unfortunately, there are no guarantees. Make yourself be a “tough target” and a
role model for children. Practice prevention. Head up, smile, be friendly, and be
alert!

Personal Safety for Children
Instructions for Parents
   • Teach your child their full name, address and phone number.
   • Know your children’s friends; meet their parents. Be involved in your child’s
      activities; listen and be sensitive to their behavior or attitude.
   • Never allow your child to play in the street without adult supervision. The
      street is for vehicle, bicycle and pedestrian traffic only. If you see a neighbor
      child unsupervised in the street, contact the parent immediately.
   • Provide your child with good bicycle safety procedures when riding in the
      street. Have them wear a bicycle helmet.
   • Never allow your child to go into someone’s home without YOUR permission.
   • Give your child permission to go to a McGruff Safe Home if they get lost, hurt
      or scared when walking to and from school.
   • Instruct your child to contact a store employee if they should become lost or
      separated from you.
   • Organize an active Neighborhood Watch Group. A criminal’s worst enemy is
      concerned and active citizens!
   • Strangers are people your child doesn’t know. Children should not contact or
      go with a stranger unless the child finds you FIRST and you give them
      permission. Do not allow them to approach a stranger’s car.
   • Make up a password that only you and your child know. That way, if a
      stranger tells your child that you need help, your child will ask for a
      password.
   • Your child should never tell a stranger on the phone or at the door that they
      are home alone. Do not open the door to strangers. Communicate through a
      closed door.
   • Use safety belts and safety seats. Never leave your child unattended in the
      car.

Child DNA Collection
Sometimes, when fingerprinting a child, it is difficult to obtain quality prints. The
child’s fingers can be small, they squirm, the ink smears or they may be frightened
by the procedure. To help parents, a combination of the following recommendations
can be used to obtain DNA samples from children.

   •   Use a Q-tip to swab inside of your child’s mouth, being careful to swab the
       cheek area instead of the teeth. That is where the cells are. Use several Q-


                                          18
       tips to take several samples. Place in a zip-top bag and label the outside of
       the bag with your child’s name and date. Place in the freezer immediately.
           o If you are unable to immediately freeze, let air dry. The end of the Q-
               tip with the sample cannot touch another object. Stick the end without
               the sample upright in some clay or play dough to air dry before putting
               it in the bag. Then you can store in the freezer within 1 hour.
   •   Store your child’s old toothbrush in a sealed baggie, label, date and put in the
       freezer.
   •   Save your child’s baby teeth. Use an old film canister, label and put in the
       freezer.
   •   Collect hair from your child’s brush. Label a plain envelope with your child’s
       name and put the hair inside. You can collect hair samples and put them in
       the same envelope for several years. Just make sure that the hair has a root.
       It is the root that contains the DNA. The envelope does not need to be in the
       freezer. If you decide to freeze, put the paper envelope inside a baggie first to
       protect it from getting wet.
   •   Collect hair when you wash your child’s hair. So as not to hurt, when the hair
       is wet, twist a few strands and pull. They won’t even know you took a sample.

Other recommendations to help find a missing child are to carry a current
photograph and provide one to relatives and babysitters who may be caring for your
child. Remember what clothing your child is wearing. Teach your child to run and
find you to ask permission before going anywhere or taking anything from someone
that they don’t know. Store an old shoe in a sealed container to use for scent. For
participation in “Toothprints,” contact your local dentist.

Halloween Safety
   •   Wear light colored or reflective clothing for costumes.
   •   Check the costume to see if it is made of a fire resistant material.
   •   Use face makeup, if possible, instead of a mask or make sure children can see
       well.
   •   Keep costumed children away from pets. The pet may not recognize the child
       and become frightened.
   •   Avoid hard plastic or wooden props such as daggers or swords so as not to
       cause injury if a child falls.
   •   Parents should go along with younger children.
   •   Always remind children of the dangers associated with crossing and walking
       along the streets at night.
   •   Use a flashlight at night or go out while there is still daylight.
   •   Stay within the neighborhood and only visit homes you know with the porch
       light on.
   •   Remind children to avoid open flames from pumpkins or Halloween
       decorations.
   •   Only give and accept commercially wrapped or packaged candy.
   •   Parents should examine all treats before letting children eat them.


                                           19
Personal Safety for Senior Citizens
Plan
   •   Trust your instincts. You know when something just doesn’t seem right.
   •   Avoid dangerous situations like walking alone at night or parking your car in
       dark parking lots. Use your best judgment.
   •   Work with the Police and the Courts in preventing and solving crimes.

Protect Yourself at Home
   • Use exterior lighting at night. Turn it on at dusk and off at dawn.
   • Use the locks you already have. Consider upgrading locks on exterior doors
      such as deadbolts.
   • When you are in your back yard, lock the front door.
   • Never go into your apartment if you suspect someone is inside. Go to a
      neighbor’s apartment and call the police.
Unwanted Calls
   • Don’t give out personal information to unknown callers.
   • Consider screening your telephone calls with an answering machine.
   • Call the police and the telephone company if you are receiving harassing
      telephone calls.
   • Free gifts are not free when you have to pay for them. Call the Kansas
      Attorney General’s office at 1-800-432-2310. Check with the Better Business
      Bureau in KCMO at (816) 421-7800, National Fraud Information Center at 1-
      800-876-7060, National Consumer Helpline at 1-800-664-4435.
Strangers
   • Install a peephole.
   • Don’t open the door for unexpected repair people.
   • Always ask for company ID and call the company telephone number (from the
      phone book) for verification.
Elevators
   • If you live in a building with an elevator always try to get on with a group.
   • Stand away from the door.
   • Stand near the control panel to be able to hit the alarm button or floor
      buttons.

Protect Yourself on the Street
   • Dress appropriately
   • Avoid wearing flashy jewelry.
   • Dress so you can walk or run easily to avoid an attack.
   • Carry only what you need; think about carrying a wallet in a pocket instead
      of a purse. How about a “fanny pack”? Carry your purse close to your body.
   • Keep Personal Alarms in plain sight.
   • Walk with someone.
   • Stay alert



                                         20
   •   Walk with confidence - hold your head up and make eye contact (you don’t
       have to “stare someone down”, just let the person know they have been seen).
   •   Go to a public place to ask directions.
   •   Change your direction of travel (if you are being followed, this is a certain
       way to find out)

Protect Yourself While Traveling
Parking your car
   • Always lock your car when you park it.
   • Park in a well-lit area
   • Avoid isolated areas, such as parks and parking lots.
   • Look around your car as you approach it.
   • Look inside the car before you get in.
   • If someone is standing close to your car, turn around and go back inside or
       look behind you to see if they have left.
   • Keep your doors and windows locked while driving, especially at stoplights.
       You don’t want someone to get into your car while waiting in traffic.
   • Keep valuables out of sight in the trunk, never on a seat. Mount CBs, cellular
       phones, and tape decks out of sight, if possible.
   • Cellular telephones are good to have to use in an emergency
Car Trouble
   • Raise the hood, put on emergency flashers.
   • Stay in the car. Ask anyone who stops to call the police or the nearest service
       station.
In a hotel or motel
   • Tell the desk clerk not to give out your room number.
   • Keep your key with you
   • Double lock the door when inside.
   • Leave valuables with the hotel safe.

Responding to an Attack
   • Evaluate the situation
   • Look around for your means of escape
   • STAY ALERT - Listen and Observe to provide your best decision.
        o What state of mind is your attacker in?
   • Decide how you want to respond.
        o Be realistic about your ability to protect yourself. Resisting could give
            you an opportunity to escape but could also expose you to greater
            harm.
        o Give up your valuables; they can be replaced, you cannot.

Sometimes no matter how we protect ourselves, we may become a victim. Every
situation is different. Your goal is survival.

Should I carry a weapon?
It is best not to unless you have been thoroughly trained.


                                         21
Should I learn self defense?
It is a good idea but don’t overestimate your abilities. Some methods take years of
training.

Gun Safety
A gun is a magnet to a child, who too often mistakes it for a toy. Tragically,
hundreds of children are killed or permanently disabled each year by guns kept in
their own homes. An estimated 1.2 million elementary-aged, latchkey children have
access to these guns.

Investing a few moments of time now to ensure your guns are safely secured can
prevent the needless loss of life and the possibility of criminal penalties. Safely
storing and securing guns from children will help prevent accidents and save lives.

   •   Share information. Teach your children about the dangers of guns. They are
       not toys; they can kill or injure. What they see on TV and in the movies is
       different than real life.
   •   Hiding your gun is a good idea, but not good enough. A child’s curiosity and
       desire to explore are strong. Secure an unloaded gun in a childproof
       container, such as a safe or locked box. Place the container in a high,
       unreachable location.
   •   Store ammunition separately in a safety storage device.
   •   Trigger locks and locking cables are two examples of additional security
       devices. Partial disassembly is also an option.

A bullet from an unsecured gun can destroy the life of a child and change yours
forever. A few precious moments of prevention may save a lifetime of sorrow.

Carjacking
You and your car can be attacked by a carjacker in broad daylight, rush hour, while
stopped at intersections or in traffic, and in the parking lot. Here are some tips to
protect you and your car:

   •   Don’t allow a crook to jump in the unlocked passenger door; roll up your
       windows and lock your doors while driving.
   •   If someone tries to open your car door, don’t waste time by asking questions.
       Drive away quickly but safely.
   •   Keep your purse, cell phone and other valuables out of sight to lessen the
       temptation for a theft.
   •   Don’t be trapped in a traffic lane. Leave at least one car length between you
       and the car in front to allow an escape route.



                                         22
   •   Bump and rob scenarios are intentional traffic accidents. Exiting your car to
       examine damage can leave you open to a robbery. Trust your instincts. If you
       feel suspicious, stay in your locked vehicle or drive to a safe public place.
       Remain at the scene of a serious accident or if injured.

Road Rage
The term “road rage”, described as aggressive actions between motorists, can range
from verbal arguments to physical, sometimes deadly, force. Many times people
involved would not typically display the same type of exaggerated behavior when
faced with a similar situation away from their vehicle. The following tips may assist
you in avoiding such a situation:

   •   Allot yourself plenty of time to get to a location. You will drive in a slower,
       less rushed manner.
   •   Avoid following other motorist too closely. This is one of the primary
       initiators of disturbances, as well as a leading cause of traffic accidents.
   •   Avoid excessive use of your car horn or high beam headlights.
   •   Signal when you change lanes and allow plenty of room after passing other
       motorists.
   •   Use the left lane only for passing. Staying in the lane leads to frustration and
       anger among motorist waiting to pass.
   •   Refrain from threatening or rude gestures.

Remain calm and ignore motorists who display this destructive behavior.
Immediately report vehicle and license descriptions of aggressive motorist or drive
to the nearest police station. Do not stop and engage in a confrontation. Drive safe.
You are a role model to your children.




                                          23
                           Traffic Safety Tips
Seat/Safety Belts
The first thing you should do when you get into your car before you turn on the
ignition is to put on your seat belt. Why? Seat belts are designed to do several
things if you are involved in a traffic collision:

   •   Help the driver maintain control of the vehicle
   •   Decrease your chances of striking the windshield, dashboard or other fixed
       objects
   •   Distribute the force of the impact across the strongest part of your body to
       minimize injury
   •   Help prevent you and your passengers from being ejected or partially ejected

Even if you are a good driver, there is no way you can control another driver’s
mistakes. Use your seatbelt. It’s the law.

There are seat belt laws for other occupants of a vehicle besides the driver:

   •   Occupants of a passenger car* 14 years of age but younger than 18 years of
       age can be cited for a violation of KSA 8-1343. The fine is $60.00, including
       court costs.
   •   Front seat occupants of a passenger car* 18 years of age or older can be cited
       for a seat belt violation only after being cited for another violation, such as
       expired registration, per KSA 8-2503. The fine is $30.00, including court
       costs.

*This law applies to all passenger cars carrying fewer than 10 passengers as
defined by KSA 8-2502.

Don’t forget about the Child Passenger Safety Act (KSA 8-1343). This law requires
all children under age of 4 to be in a federally approved child safety seat.

   •   Children ages 4 to 8 years must be in a federally approved child safety
       seat/booster seat unless the child weighs more than 80 lbs. or is taller than
       4’9”.
   •   Children 8 years of age but under the age of 14 must be protected by a safety
       belt.
   •   This law applies to all passenger cars designed for carrying fewer than 10
       passengers, as defined by KSA 9-1343a. The fine is $60.00 plus court costs.
   •   Persons under age 14 are prohibited from riding in any portion of the vehicle
       not intended for passengers; this includes riding in the back of pickup trucks.
       The fine for this violation is $60.00 plus court costs.



                                          24
Child Safety Seats: How to Protect Your New Baby in
the Car
Everybody would be safest facing backward while riding in a car. Babies are lucky
to have seats that work this way. Infants are safest when riding facing the rear,
because the back of the safety seat supports the child's back, neck, and head in a
crash. So, whichever seat you choose, your baby should ride rear-facing until about
one year of age and at least 20 pounds.

Two kinds of safety seats are made for babies:
  1. Small, lightweight "infant-only" safety seats are designed for use rear-facing
      only. This kind can be used only as long as the baby's head is enclosed by the
      top rim of the seat. The label on the seat gives the upper weight limit (17 to
      22 pounds). One seat can be converted into a car bed for babies who must lie
      flat.
  2. Larger "convertible" seats usually fit children from birth to about 40 pounds.
      Some new models have weight limits as high as 30 to 32 pounds for rear-
      facing use. These products are especially good for babies under age one who
      are growing more rapidly than average. It may be turned around to face the
      front when the baby is about one year old and at least 20 pounds.

How to choose the best seat for your baby:
The simplest and least expensive model usually will work as well as one with fancy
features. Choose a seat that you find easy to use and that fits in your vehicle.

   •   Before you buy a seat, try it in your car to make sure it fits and can be
       buckled in tightly. If you choose a convertible seat, try it facing both rearward
       and forward.
   •   Look for the seat you can use facing the rear as long as possible. Read the
       labels to check weight limits. If you buy an infant-only seat, you will need a
       convertible seat later. Most babies need to use rear-facing convertible seats
       as they get larger, because they outgrow their infant-only seats before age
       one. Some products are made to carry a baby over 20 pounds facing the rear.
       Look for a seat with a higher weight limit when you shop.
   •   Practice buckling the seat into your car before your baby's first ride.
   •   You'll save a little money if you buy one convertible seat to do the job from
       birth to 40 pounds, but an infant-only seat may be easier for you to use and
       may fit your newborn baby better.
   •   An infant-only seat can be carried with you wherever you go. It can be used
       at home also.
   •   Some infant-only seats come in two parts. The base stays buckled in the
       vehicle, and the seat snaps in and out. You may find these convenient.
   •   If you want to use a convertible seat for a newborn baby, choose one without
       a padded shield in front of the baby. Shields do not fit small newborn babies


                                          25
       properly. The shield comes up too high and may make proper adjustment of
       the harness difficult.

What about seats for preemies?
  • A baby born earlier than 37 weeks may need to use a car bed if he or she has
     any possibility of breathing problems when sitting semi-reclined. Ask your
     baby's doctor if your baby needs to be tested before discharge for breathing
     problems.
  • Use a seat with the shortest distances from seat to harness strap slots, and
     from back to crotch strap. Use rolled blankets to keep the baby's head from
     slumping. Never place any extra cushioning under or behind the baby.

What to do if your baby's head flops forward
It's important for an infant to ride sitting semi-reclined (halfway back or 45 degrees
from horizontal). In the car, you may find that the safety seat is too upright for a
new baby who can't hold up his or her head. You can hold up his or her head. You
can put a tightly rolled bath towel under the front edge of the safety seat to tilt it
back a little so your baby's head lies back comfortably. Do not recline it too far.
Harness straps must fit snugly on the body:

   •   Use lowest harness slots for a newborn infant. Keep the straps in the slots at
       or below your baby's shoulders for the rear-facing position.
   •   It is very important for harness straps to fit properly over the shoulders and
       between the legs. Dress your baby in clothes that keep legs free. If you want
       to cover your baby, buckle the harness around him first, then put a blanket
       over him. A bulky snowsuit or bunting can make the harness too loose.
   •   To fill empty spaces and give support, roll up a couple of small blankets and
       tuck them in on each side of your baby's shoulders and head. If he still
       slumps down, put a rolled diaper between his legs behind the crotch strap.
       Thick padding should not be put underneath or behind the baby.

Airbag Safety: Buckle up everyone! Children in back!
An air bag is not a soft pillow. To do its important job, an air bag comes out of the
dashboard very fast, faster than the blink of an eye. Many people's lives have been
saved by air bags. The force of an air bag can hurt people who are too close to it. An
infant or child riding in the front seat can be seriously injured or killed by the
inflating air bag. Drivers can prevent injuries to adults and children from air bags
by following these safety steps:

   •   Infants in rear-facing child safety seats must never ride in the front seat of a
       vehicle with a passenger air bag.
   •   Infants under age one must ride facing the rear of the car in the rear seat.
       Parents should feel just as comfortable in this situation as they do when they
       put their babies down for a nap and leave the room.


                                          26
   •   If a baby has special health needs and requires full-time supervision, ask
       another adult to ride with the baby in the back seat and travel alone as little
       as possible until the health problem is resolved.
   •   Children 12 and under should ride buckled up in the rear seat. They should
       use child safety seats, booster seats, or safety belts appropriate for their age
       and size.
   •   Everyone should buckle up with both lap AND shoulder belts on every trip.
       Driver and front passenger seats should be moved as far back from the
       dashboard as practical.
   •   Check your vehicle owner's manual and the instructions provided with your
       child safety seat for information on air bags and safety seat use.

Why have children died in vehicles with air bags?
In almost all cases in which an infant died, the baby was riding in a rear-facing
safety seat in the front passenger seat. The back of the safety seat was so close to
the dashboard that the air bag hit the safety seat with tremendous force. The force
broke the back of the safety seat and caused a fatal brain injury. Child safety seats
are not designed to protect against this extreme impact.

In almost all cases in which a child over age 1 has died from impact by the air bag,
he or she was "out of position" - either unbuckled, or not wearing the shoulder
portion of the safety belt. The child slid or flexed forward during pre-crash braking,
so the head and neck were close to the dashboard at the time the air bag was
triggered. Severe head or neck injuries occurred. If a child is sitting against the seat
back, fully restrained by a forward-facing child safety seat or a lap/shoulder belt
and the seat is pushed all the way back, the danger from the air bag is reduced.

What about sports cars and pickup trucks?
If there is no rear seat and no air bag shut-off switch, a child is at high risk from a
passenger air bag. Some pickup trucks made since model year 1996 have switches
to shut off the passenger air bag. Other vehicles may have them in future years.
Turning off the switch is the best way to protect an infant riding in a rear-facing
safety seat or an older child using a safety seat, booster, or safety belt. Vehicle
owners and lessees can obtain an on/off switch by confirming that they are, or a
user of their vehicle is, in one of the four risk groups: infants in rear-facing infant
seats, drivers or passengers with unusual medical or physical conditions, children
ages 1 to 12, or drivers who cannot get back 10 inches from the air bag cover. To be
considered eligible for an on/off switch, a NHTSA request form must be filled out
and returned to NHTSA. Forms are available from state motor vehicle offices and
may be available from automobile dealerships and repair facilities. Forms can also
be requested by contacting NHTSA's Auto Safety Hotline at 1-888-DASH-2-DOT or
visiting the NHTSA Web site at http://www.nhtsa.dot.gov

What if you have no alternative except putting a child in front?
If there is no room in back, a child over age one may have to ride in the front seat.
Here's how to reduce the risk:


                                          27
   •   Make sure the child is correctly buckled up with the vehicle seat moved as far
       back as possible. A toddler/preschooler should use a forward-facing child
       safety seat; an older child should use a belt-positioning booster or
       lap/shoulder belt.
   •   Fasten the harness or lap/shoulder belt securely.
   •   Make sure an older child does not slip out of the shoulder belt or lean toward
       the dashboard.

How do you know if your vehicle has a passenger air bag?
  • Compartment cover in dashboard panel with embossed letters: SRS, SIR, or
     SRS/Air Bag.
  • Warning label on sun visor (often on the back of the visor) and/or on the front
     of the right door frame.
  • Beware: Not all vehicles have these marks. Not all vehicles have a cover that
     shows in the dashboard.
  • Description in the owner's manual.


Play it Safe: Walking and Biking Safely (Toddlers &
Preschoolers)
Children hit by cars can be hurt or killed, even when cars are moving slowly.
Toddlers (one and two year olds) are most often hurt by a backing vehicle. If a child
is playing in a driveway or parking area, a driver may not see him. Preschoolers
(three and four year olds) are most often hit when dashing across a street near
home.

Falls from tricycles or other play vehicles can cause serious head and brain injury.
These injuries to young children can be as serious as injuries to older children
falling from bikes. Dangers for young children on the move:

   •   darting out into traffic from the middle of the block;
   •   playing in or near the street;
   •   riding a tricycle or bike in a parking lot, driveway, or street

Young children are NOT small adults!

   •   They move quickly and can run into the street without warning.
   •   They don't know safety rules and expect adults to watch out for them.
   •   They are small and hard for drivers to see.
   •   They cannot judge speed or distance of vehicles moving toward them.

Walking: Take steps to safety
Supervise, supervise, supervise. Parents and caregivers must watch toddlers and
preschoolers closely when they are near parked or moving vehicles. To supervise


                                           28
properly, you must be near your child, not watching from a distance. Hold your
child's hand when you walk together along the street.

Find safe places to play
Keep children away from traffic. Fenced yards, parks, or playgrounds are good
places for your child to ride and play. Are there safe play places for children in your
neighborhood? If not, talk with neighbors, local police, and community planners
about ways to improve the area.

Set a safe example
Young children learn by watching adults. Show them safe ways to cross streets and
always wear a helmet when you ride a bike.

Get them in the habit
When walking, talk to your child about street safety. Show him/her how to stop at
the edge of the street and look for cars. Don't expect your young child to do this by
herself.

Biking: Head out safely
Wearing a bike helmet is the most important way for your child to stay safe on a
play vehicle, tricycle, or bike. A helmet can reduce the risk of head injury by 85
percent when worn correctly. Start children wearing helmets with their first
tricycles or play vehicles. When children begin helmet use early, they are more
likely to keep the habit in later years. Insist that your child wear a helmet every
time she rides. If your child's preschool uses tricycles, work with the school to make
helmets available. Urge the school to have a policy requiring helmet use.

Choose a helmet that meets current safety standards. Look for a CPSC1, ASTM2,
ANSI3, or Snell4 sticker inside the helmet. By 1999, every new helmet must meet
the CPSC standard.

Toddler helmets are lightweight, because a toddler's neck is not strong enough for a
regular helmet. Also, these helmets come down low around the back of the head for
more coverage.

The right fit:
  • Make sure the helmet covers the upper part of the forehead and sits level on
      the head.
  • Use the foam pads inside to fit the helmet snugly so it doesn't slip around.
  • Adjust the chin strap tightly enough so the helmet pulls down when the child
      opens his mouth.

Carrying your child safely on a bike:
Never carry a baby under age one on a bicycle. A baby does not have the neck
strength to wear a helmet. Her back is not strong enough to sit straight with the



                                          29
motion of the bike. Only children over age one have the neck strength to wear
helmets and ride on the back of bikes.

When a child is old enough to ride on an adult's bike, only a skilled rider should
carry him. Ride only in safe areas like parks, bike paths, or quiet streets.

   •   Make sure both adult and child wear properly fitting helmets.
   •   Make sure the child carrier has a high back, a lap and shoulder harness, and
       foot guards to keep feet away from the spokes.
   •   Check that the carrier is fastened firmly to the bike.
   •   Buckle the harness snugly around the child.

Kids on the Move: Walking and Biking Safely
(Kindergarten to Grade 3)
Children in kindergarten through third grade are learning to become independent.
They enjoy walking, riding bikes, and playing outside. They don't have the
judgment to cope with traffic by themselves yet, but they can begin to understand
safety rules.

What parents need to know: the bottom line
  • Parents often think their children are able to handle traffic safely by
     themselves before they actually are ready.
  • Children don't have the skills to handle these risky situations until at least
     age ten.
  • Boys are much more likely than girls to be injured or killed in traffic.
  • Bicycles are vehicles. Children should not ride bikes in the road until they
     fully understand traffic rules and show they can follow them.

Young children are NOT small adults!

   •   They often act before thinking and may not do what parents or drivers
       expect.
   •   They assume that if they see the driver, the driver sees them.
   •   They can't judge speed and they think cars can stop instantly.
   •   They are shorter than adults and can't see over cars, bushes, and other
       objects.

Walking Risks
Nearly one third of the five- to nine-year-old children killed by are hit by cars most
often when playing near home. They tend to run into the street in the middle of the
block, where drivers don't expect them.

Bicycling Risks



                                         30
Children can be hurt riding on or off the road. Many children who are killed in bike
crashes are 7 to 12 years old. The most serious injuries children get while biking are
head and brain injuries. Head injuries can cause death or lifelong disability.

Walking: Take steps to safety
Set limits for your child
As your children grow, set appropriate limits on where they can walk or bike safely.
Don't expect them to be responsible or to start to behave safely until age ten.

Find safe places for riding and walking
Find places away from streets, driveways, and parking lots. Good choices are fenced
yards, parks, or playgrounds.

Teach safe walking habits
Begin to teach your child about how to cross streets safely. Give them plenty of
chances to practice when you are with them. Help your child practice crossing
streets safely.

Set an example yourself
Young children learn by watching their parents and other adults. Cross streets
properly and always wear a helmet when you ride a bike. When you are driving,
obey speed limits and watch for children.

Teach the "Safe Street Crossing" Method. Teach your child to:
   • Cross with an adult or older friend. (Young children still need supervision
      around traffic up to at least age ten.)
   • Cross at a signaled intersection, when possible.
   • Use the crosswalk when crossing near a corner. Watch for turning vehicles.
   • Stop at the curb. Look left, right, left, and over your shoulder for traffic.
      Continue to look as you cross.
   • Stop to look around parked cars or other objects that block the view of traffic.
      Let oncoming traffic pass, then look again before crossing.
   • Make eye contact with drivers to make sure they see you.

  Help your child bike safely
  A kid-size bike is right
  A big bike "to grow into" is not easy to learn on or to ride safely. A child should be
  able to sit on the seat with knees straight and feet flat on the ground. Also make
  sure he can straddle the bike with at least one or two inches between the top bar
  and crotch.

  Insist on bike helmet use
  A brain injury cannot be cured! Bike helmet use can reduce the risk of head
  injury by 85 percent when worn correctly. Make it clear to your child that she
  must wear a helmet on every ride. It also is important to wear a helmet when
  doing other sports, like in-line skating and skateboarding.


                                          31
   •   Let your child help choose the helmet.
   •   Explain that a helmet is "just part of the gear," as it is with football, race car
       driving, or hockey.
   •   Praise your child for wearing his helmet.
   •   Talk to other parents, so that all neighborhood families encourage the same
       safety rules.

  Selecting and fitting a bike helmet
   • Choose a bike helmet that meets current safety standards. Look for a CPSC1,
      ASTM2, ANSI3, or Snell4 sticker inside the helmet. By March 1999, every
      new bike helmet must meet the CPSC standard.
   • Use foam pads inside to fit the helmet snugly so it doesn't move on the head.
   • Fit the helmet so the front is just above the top of the eyebrows. Teach your
      child to wear it this way.
   • Adjust the two side straps so they meet in a "V" right under each ear.
   • Adjust the chin strap snugly under the chin. Make it tight enough so the
      helmet pulls down when the child opens his mouth.
   • Check often to make sure straps stay snug and the helmet stays level on the
      head.

School Bus Stops: A risky part of the ride
Millions of children in the United States ride safely to and from school on school
buses each day. Although school buses are the safest way to get them to school, an
average of 33 school-age children die in school bus-related traffic crashes each year.

Most of those killed are pedestrians, five to seven years old. They are hit in the
danger zone around the bus, either by a passing vehicle or by the school bus itself.
Young children are most likely to be hit because they:

   •   hurry to get on or off the bus
   •   assume motorists will see them and will wait for them to cross
   •   don't always stay within the bus driver's sight

Safety steps you can take
   • Supervise children to make sure they get to the stop on time, wait far away
      from the road, and avoid rough play.
   • Teach your child to ask the driver for help if he drops something near the
      bus. If a child stoops to pick up something, the driver cannot see him. Then
      he could be hit by the bus. A book bag or backpack helps keep loose items
      together.
   • Make sure clothing has no loose drawstrings and backpack straps are short,
      so they don't get caught in the handrail or bus door.
   • Encourage safe school bus loading and unloading.



                                           32
   •   If you think a bus stop is in a dangerous place, talk with your school office or
       transportation director about changing the location.

Teach your child to get on and off the bus safely
   • When loading, stay away from the danger zone and wait for the driver's
      signal. Board the bus in single file.
   • When unloading, look before stepping off the bus to be sure no cars are
      passing on the shoulder (side of the road). Move away from the bus (C).
   • Before crossing the street, take five "giant steps" out from the front of the
      bus, or until the driver's face can be seen. Wait for the driver to signal that
      it's safe to cross.
   • Look left-right-left when coming to the edge of the bus to make sure traffic is
      stopped. Continue to watch for traffic when crossing.

Risky business for motorists: Passing a stopped school bus
What is the most dangerous part of the school bus ride? The bus stop!
Children are at greatest risk when they are getting on or off the school bus. In
neighborhoods, near schools, and at bus stops, drivers need to take special care
because children do not behave like adults. Elementary school children:

   •   Become easily distracted and may start across the street without warning
   •   Don't understand the danger of moving vehicles
   •   Can't judge vehicle speed or distance
   •   May be blocked from view by the bus
   •   Most importantly, children expect vehicles to stop for them at the school bus
       stop

Standard school bus stop laws
Learn and follow the school bus laws for motorists in your state. Laws exist to
protect children getting on and off the bus AND to protect you from a tragedy.
Check office or police department for more information on your state's laws. Here
are standard rules:

   •   Motorists coming to a school bus from either direction must stop when the
       bus displays flashing red warning lights and extends the stop signal arm.
       These signals show that children are getting on or off the school bus.
   •   Vehicles may not pass until the flashing red lights and signals are turned off.
   •   Drivers traveling in the same direction as the bus are always required to
       stop.
   •   In some states, drivers moving in the opposite direction on a divided roadway
       are also required to stop. Check the law in your state.
   •   Never pass on the right side of the bus, where children enter or exit. This is
       illegal and can have tragic results.

Violation of these laws can result in a citation and fine. In many places, school bus
drivers can report passing vehicles!


                                          33
Tire Safety: Everything Rides On It
Protection against avoidable breakdowns and crashes. Improved vehicle handling.
Better fuel economy. Increased tire life. Just a few of the reasons to take five
minutes every month to check your tires. Simply use the handy checklist below.

   •   Check tire pressure regularly (at least once a month), including the spare.
   •   Inspect tires for uneven wear patterns on the tread, cracks, foreign objects, or
       other signs of wear or trauma. Remove bits of glass and other foreign objects
       wedged in the tread.
   •   Make sure your tire valves have valve caps.
   •   Check tire pressure before going on a long trip.
   •   Do not overload your vehicle. Check the tire information placard or owner's
       manual for the maximum recommended load for the vehicle.
   •   If you are towing a trailer, remember that some of the weight of the loaded
       trailer is transferred to the towing vehicle.

There's Safety In Numbers
You can find the numbers for recommended tire pressure and vehicle load limit on
the tire information placard and in the vehicle owner's manual. Tire placards are
permanent labels attached to the vehicle door edge, doorpost, glove-box door, or
inside of the trunk lid. Once you've located this information, use it to check your tire
pressure and to make sure your vehicle is not overloaded-especially when you head
out for vacation.

Checking Tire Pressure
Because tires may naturally lose air over time, it is important to check your tire
pressure at least once a month. For convenience, purchase a tire pressure gauge to
keep in your vehicle. Gauges can be purchased at tire dealerships, auto supply
stores, and other retail outlets. Remember, the tire inflation number that vehicle
manufacturers provide reflects the proper pounds per square inch (psi) when a tire
is cold. To get an accurate tire pressure reading, measure tire pressure when the car
has been unused for at least three hours.

       Step 1: Locate the correct tire pressure on the tire information placard or in
       the owner's manual.
       Step 2: Record the tire pressure of all tires.
       Step 3: If the tire pressure is too high in any of the tires, slowly release air by
       gently pressing on the tire valve with the edge of your tire gauge until you
       get to the correct pressure.
       Step 4: If the tire pressure is too low, note the difference between the
       measured tire pressure and the correct tire pressure. These "missing" pounds
       of pressure are what you will need to add.



                                           34
      Step 5: At a service station, add the missing pounds of air pressure to each
      tire that is under inflated.
      Step 6: Check all the tires to make sure they have the same air pressure
      (except in cases in which the front and rear tires are supposed to have
      different amounts of pressure).

Checking Tire Tread
Tires have built-in tread wear indicators that let you know when it is time to
replace your tires. These indicators are raised sections spaced intermittently in the
bottom of the tread grooves. When they appear even with the outside of the tread, it
is time to replace your tires. You can also test your tread with a Lincoln penny.
Simply turn the penny so Lincoln's head is pointing down and insert it into the
tread. If the tread doesn't cover Lincoln's head, it's time to replace your tires. For a
free brochure, visit www.nhtsa.dot.gov or call 1-888-327-4236.

Safety Tips:
   • Slow down if you have to go over a pothole or other object in the road.
   • Do not run over curbs, and try not to strike the curb when parking.
   • Remember to check your tires once a month!


Bicycle Safety
Rules of the Road
   • Obey traffic regulations (same as for cars)
   • Yield to pedestrians and be polite
   • Don’t ride double if your bicycle is not equipped with a second seat
   • Keep to the right
   • Walk bicycle through busy intersections
   • Yield to cars
   • Beware of parked cars
   • Signal before you turn
   • Don’t wear headphones (you can’t hear cars, sirens or people)
   • Use lights on bicycles when riding at night (it’s the law in Olathe).

Safety Equipment
   • Helmet
         o Approved by ANSI, Snell or other legally authorized organization
         o Should fit snug on your head
         o Should be white or brightly colored
         o Needs plenty of padding and ventilation
         o Wear it low on forehead (at eyebrows)
   • Reflectors
         o White on front of bike, red in back and white or yellow on sides
         o Law in Olathe says white light must be visible at night on front of bike
            and red reflector on back


                                          35
   •   Bell or horn
   •   Rear-view mirror
   •   Identification

Special Hazards
   • Bad Weather
   • Bad Road Surfaces
   • Night Riding
   • Animals

Protect your bicycle
   • Mark your bicycle for identification
   • Keep a photo and record of your bicycle
   • Use locks to secure your bicycle
   • Put your bicycle away inside locked storage

Equipment Checklist
  • Frame free of cracks
  • Tight and property adjusted seat
  • Wheels don’t wobble
  • No bent or missing spokes
  • Hand grips in good shape
  • Nuts and bolts are tight
  • Brakes work, cables not worn
  • Chain is clean and lubricated
  • Tires have good air pressure (firm to the touch) and are not worn

Most bicycle accidents happen because…
  • People are not riding a bicycle that fits them properly (When sitting on the
      seat, your feet should touch the ground without bending the knees).
  • Of losing control
  • Mechanical problems
  • Ignoring traffic laws
  • Overconfidence in a familiar area
  • Other drivers
  • Entering roadways when vision is blocked


School-Related Safety
Drivers
   • When backing out of a driveway or leaving a garage, watch out for children
      walking or bicycling to school.
   • When driving in neighborhoods with school zones, watch out for young people
      who may be thinking about getting to school, but may not be thinking of
      getting there safely.


                                       36
   •   Slow down. Watch for children walking in the street, especially if there are no
       sidewalks in neighborhood.
   •   Slow down. Watch for children playing and congregating near bus stops.
   •   Be alert. Children arriving late for the bus may dart into the street with out
       looking for traffic.
   •   Learn and obey the school bus laws in your state. Learn the "flashing signal
       light system" that school bus drivers use to alert motorists of pending actions:
   •   Yellow flashing lights indicate that the bus is preparing to stop to load or
       unload children. Motorists should slow down and prepare to stop their
       vehicles.
   •   Red flashing lights and extended stop arms indicate that the bus has stopped,
       and that children are getting on or off. Motorists must stop their cars and
       wait until the red lights stop flashing, the extended stop sign is withdrawn,
       and the bus begins moving before they can start driving again.

School Transportation Safety
How will your child get to school? Will he take the bus, walk, ride his bike, or drive,
or will you or a friend drive him? Each of these modes of transportation has their
own safety risks that should be reviewed.

Is your child's route to school safe? Does he have to cross any major roadways? Is he
always supervised or with a friend? Does he know what to do if a stranger
approaches him on the way to school?

Taking the time to make sure your child has a safe route to school, knows how to
cross the street and has a safe place to go if a stranger approaches him, will help to
make sure that he gets to school safely.

Walking to School
Choose the safest route and walk it with your children. Look for the most direct
route with the fewest street crossings. Try to choose routes where school safety
patrols will be present. (Check with your school if you're not sure.) Children under
age 10 should walk with an adult or older child every day because they do not have
the necessary skills to judge the speed or distance of oncoming traffic. Also, their
peripheral vision is 1/3 less than that of adults.

   •   Teach children to obey all traffic signals and markings. Children should be
       taught the meaning of all traffic markers (for example, a flashing "walk" sign
       is not an automatic "go" signal.)
   •   Make sure children look to the left, to the right and to the left again for
       moving vehicles before crossing the street.
   •   Children should not enter the street from between parked cars or from
       behind bushes or shrubs.
   •   Darting into the street accounts for 50 to 70 percent of pedestrian injuries
       among children ages 9 and under.



                                          37
   •   Because drivers have a more difficult time seeing pedestrians, warn children
       to be extra alert in bad weather.

Be a good role model. Children imitate their parents and model their behavior. Your
children need you to not only tell but also show them how to be safe pedestrians.

School Bus Safety
An estimated 23.5 million students ride school buses daily. A child's behavior at the
bus stop is an important aspect of school bus safety. Many injuries occur when
children are boarding or exiting because a blind spot extends approximately 10 feet
in front of the bus, obstructing the view of the driver. Children are not aware of this
blind spot and may mistakenly believe that if they can see the bus, the bus driver
can see them.

   •   Get to the bus stop at least five minutes before the bus is scheduled to arrive.
   •   While waiting for the bus, children should stay out of the street.
   •   When the bus approaches, stand at least three giant steps (6 feet) away from
       the curb, and line up away from the street.
   •   Wait until the bus stops, the door opens, and the driver says that it's okay
       before stepping onto the bus.
   •   If you have to cross the street in front of the bus, walk on the sidewalk or
       along the side of the road to a point at least five giant steps (10 feet) ahead of
       the bus before you cross. Be sure that the bus driver can see you, and you can
       see the bus driver.
   •   Use the handrails to avoid falls. When exiting the bus, be careful that
       clothing with drawstrings, and book bags with straps don't get caught in the
       handrails or doors.
   •   Never walk behind the bus.
   •   Walk at least three giant steps away from the side of the bus.
   •   If you drop something near the bus, tell the bus driver. Never try to pick it up
       because the driver may not be able to see you.

While on the bus, children should observe the following safety rules:

   •   Remain seated at all times and keep aisles clear.
   •   Don't throw objects. Don't shout or distract the driver unnecessarily.
   •   Keep your head and arms inside the bus at all times.




                                           38
Miscellaneous Tips and
       Programs
                 Neighborhood Watch Standards
Neighborhood “Get Together” and Quarterly Block Captain Meetings
These informational meetings are held to promote better communication between
the police and citizens. The meetings are offered as part of the new standards
established to help achieve the goal of active, informed Neighborhood Watches.
Those standards include:

   1. Each Neighborhood Watch is to hold at least one meeting annually either in
      the form of an educational safety related program, block party or other
      similar social event.

   2. Captains and/or Co-Captains or their designate attend at least two of the four
      quarterly informational meetings presented by the Community Outreach
      Unit.

   3. Captains and/or Co-Captains contact new neighbors and distribute family
      information guide and other pertinent neighborhood watch information as
      needed.

Police Department Responsibilities:

   1. Assist each Neighborhood Watch Group in their crime prevention efforts.

   2. Perform security surveys in individual homes at the request of the resident.

   3. Provide the latest in crime prevention information to the groups in the form
      of a newsletter and quarterly Block Captain meetings.

   4. Contact groups with pertinent information dealing with crimes in Olathe
      upon which Neighborhood Watch might have an impact.

   5. Re-certify annually each Watch Group who meet their responsibilities.

The criminal’s worst enemies are CONCERNED AND ACTIVE CITIZENS and an
equally CONCERNED AND EFFECTIVE POLICE DEPARTMENT. When the two
elements are combined, the OPPORTUNITY to commit the crime is DECREASED.
If a criminal does strike, these elements can combine to ASSIST each other in
discovering the perpetrator, then successfully process the criminal through the
Criminal Justice System.
    Olathe Police Community Outreach Unit (913) 971-7500
       olathepolice@olatheks.org and www.olatheks.org



                                        40
              OPERATION I.D. – Free Program
                                    Instruction Guide

MARK YOUR PROPERTY! Operation Identification has been around for many years and is
one of the best deterrents to burglary now in operation. Using a hand-held electric
engraver, you will receive a unique number for your family to mark items most thieves
take. Only your name, address and phone number are recorded in our database.

This is one number that is used again and again to mark everything in your home,
increasing the chance of your property being recovered. Even if your property is damaged in
the theft, the property can be used as evidence to CONVICT THE CRIMINAL.

WHAT YOU SHOULD ENGRAVE:
All major appliances (i.e. refrigerator), microwave, TV, video equipment, computer,
furniture (on frame), bicycles, lawn mower, power tools and any other items that you desire.

WHAT YOU SHOULD NOT ENGRAVE:
Anything that is very susceptible to breakage or if disfigured will lose value (i.e. crystal,
figurines, china, etc). All of these items should be individually photographed and logged
into a property inventory book.

TO GET STARTED:
The Olathe Police Department will issue you your own personal Operation I.D. number.
The number consists of the NCIC number assigned to the Olathe Police Department
(KS0460500) plus a number and letter designation unique to you. Engrave this number on
your property with an engraving tool. If you do not have an engraving tool, please call us to
check out one of ours for FREE. Once your property is engraved and you return the
engraving tool, you can receive FREE Operation I.D. stickers to place on the most
conspicuous entry points at your residence.

IF YOU SELL YOUR PROPERTY OR MOVE:
If you sell the marked property, advise the buyer that you have an Operation I.D. number
engraved on it and encourage the buyer to obtain a number. DO NOT SCRATCH THE
NUMBER OFF. The old number will give the recovering agency a place to start looking for
the owner if the property is stolen at a later date.

IF YOU MOVE, whether in the city or to another state, NOTIFY THE COMMUNITY
OUTREACH        UNIT     at   the   Olathe    Police   Department,   (913)   971-8202,
olathepolice@olatheks.org, or www.olatheks.org so the new address can be placed in the
master file.

NOTE: The Olathe Police Department will not keep any list of your property. We only
record the number issued to you with your name, address and phone number.




                                             41
Neighborhood Traffic Safety Program
The Neighborhood Traffic Safety Program (NTSP) is a product of joint efforts
between the Police Department's Traffic Unit and the City's Traffic Engineering
Division for the purpose of addressing neighborhood traffic concerns relating to
vehicular speeds on residential and collector streets. The goal of the NTSP is to
improve neighborhoods by reducing the negative impact of traffic in residential
neighborhoods or by increasing the awareness of what is reasonably expected in
residential neighborhoods through education. In either case, these actions promote
safe and pleasant conditions for all users of local streets.

The Program and How it Works
The program is managed by the Police Department's Traffic Unit in cooperation
with the Traffic Engineering staff. This partnership is unique because other
programs are generally operated by either the traffic engineers or by Crime
Prevention Units with little interaction or coordination between the two.

Both the Police Traffic Unit and the Traffic Engineering office have assigned one
officer/engineer who is responsible to develop and operate the program under the
respective direction of the Traffic Unit Supervisor and the Traffic Division Manager.
Formal quarterly meetings and other meetings as needed are held to address
specific issues and to update each department on the activities and recommended
adjustments related to the program.

Citizen's access to the program is obtained through a 24-hour voicemail hotline,
City of Olathe website, or direct phone contact with the Traffic Unit or Traffic
Engineers office. Once a traffic concern is received into the program, a traffic study
is conducted to determine the existence and/or extent of the problem. Depending on
the outcome of the preliminary investigation, one of three courses of action is
pursued: Education, Enforcement, and/or Engineering. In all cases, staff reviews
the area to ensure that it is properly signed.

After any action has been taken in any of the three areas, a study is performed to
determine the impact of actions. Depending on the results of the study, additional
action may be required in any or all of the three areas. Some areas where problems
persist, but not qualify for geometric modifications, may qualify as "Neighborhood
Traffic Enforcement Zones." These areas have signs permanently placed, advising
drivers of the area status and increased fines if stopped for speeding in that area.

The program has been adopted and supported by the City Council and represents a
unique cooperative effort of two normally separate departments trying to
accomplish the same goal - neighborhood safety and an increase in the quality of
life.

The Three E's of Neighborhood Traffic Safety


                                         42
Education: Radar Trailer; Neighborhood Newsletters; Yard Sign Program; Website;
Government Access Channel; High School Newspapers; Radar Loan Program
Enforcement: Assigned enforcement areas are conducted by all officers of the Traffic
Unit; Scheduled return enforcement of completed program areas; Random
enforcement of areas with a low volume of violators
Engineering: Review area of signing; Review area for atypical circumstances;
Implement "traditional" approaches first; Hold public meetings for geometric
modifications to the street; Research new traffic calming methods.

For more information, visit:
http://www.olatheks.org/Police/Traffic/NeighborhoodSafety

or contact one of the following:
Neighborhood Traffic Officers: (913) 971-5081
Traffic Engineer, City Of Olathe: (913) 971-8539

Operation Lifeline
The Olathe Police Department sponsors a FREE program to our residents called
Operation Lifeline. We use police volunteers in our community who make daily
telephone calls to retired and self-care persons who don’t have anyone to check on
them on a regular basis. Peace of mind comes from knowing that if you need help,
someone will call. Our community volunteers are the lifeline.

Once application is made, each Operation Lifeline member will provide a key to the
Police Department, which is kept in a locked box. If a member is unable to answer
the telephone, the volunteer caller will contact the Police Department dispatcher. A
police officer will respond to the member’s residence and enter with a key.

To qualify for this program you must meet the following criteria:
   • Live within the city limits of Olathe.
   • Have no family members living in the immediate area that are able to check
      on you on a regular basis.
   • Provide a key to your residence to be secured at the Police Department and
      used for emergency access.

For further information contact the Community Outreach Unit at 971-7500. We will
set up an application appointment for new members and new volunteer callers.

National Night Out
Schedule a Public Safety Visit for Your Neighborhood Block Party
On a designated evening in August, neighborhoods throughout Olathe are invited to
join forces with thousands of other communities nationwide for the “Annual


                                        43
National Night Out” crime and drug prevention event. National Night Out is
sponsored by the National Association of Town Watch and co-sponsored locally by
the Olathe Police Department in cooperation with the Olathe Fire Department and
Johnson County Med-Act. Over 10,000 communities from all 50 states participate
in “America’s Night out against Crime.”

National Night Out is designed to:
  • Heighten crime and drug prevention awareness
  • Generate support for, and participation in, local anticrime efforts
  • Strengthen neighborhood spirit and police-community partnerships
  • Send a message to criminals letting them know neighborhoods and the police
      department are working together to fight back.

From 6:30 to 9:00 p.m. on an evening in August, people in neighborhoods
throughout Olathe are asked to turn on their outside lights and spend the evening
outdoors with neighbors. Many neighborhoods will be hosting a variety of special
events such as block parties, cookouts, parades, and contests. Many neighborhoods
will receive visits from the Olathe Police Department and “McGruff the Crime Dog”,
the Olathe Fire Department or Johnson County Med-Act.

If you would like more information regarding National Night Out, or to schedule a
visit from the Olathe Police and McGruff the Crime Dog, a fire truck, or an
ambulance, please call Officer Bob Ahsens at 971-6609.


Crime Free Multi-Housing
The Crime Free Multi-Housing Program is a state-of-the-art crime prevention
program designed to reduce crime, drugs, and gangs on apartment properties. This
program was successfully developed at the Mesa Arizona Police Department in
1992.

The International Crime Free Multi-Housing Program has spread to nearly 2,000
cities in 44 U.S. states, 5 Canadian Provinces, Mexico, England, Finland, Japan,
Russia, Malaysia, Nigeria, Afghanistan, and Puerto Rico. Australia has expressed
interest in adopting the program.

The program consists of three phases that must be completed under the supervision
of the Olathe Police Department. Property managers can become individually
certified after completing training in each phase and the property becomes certified
upon successful completion of all three phases.

Crime Free Multi-Housing Program Benefits:
   • A stable, more satisfied tenant base. Increased demand for rental units with
     a reputation for active management
   • Lower maintenance and repair costs. Increased property values



                                        44
   •   Improved personal safety for tenants, landlords, and managers

Costs of Drug Activity in Rental Property
When drug criminals and other destructive tenants operate out of rental property,
neighborhoods suffer and landlords pay a high price. That price may include:
   • Decline in property values -- particularly when the activity begins affecting
      the reputation of the neighborhood
   • Property damage arising from abuse, retaliation, or neglect; property damage
      from police raids
   • Fire resulting from manufacturing or growing operations. Civil penalties,
      including temporary closure of the property -- or even property seizure. Loss
      of rent during the eviction and repair periods
   • Fear and frustration when dealing with dangerous and threatening tenants.
      Increased resentment and anger between neighbors and property managers
   • The loss of other valued tenants

A brief outline of the program contents
Phase I - Management Training (8-Hours); Taught by the Olathe P.D.
   • Crime Prevention Theory
   • CPTED Theory (Physical Security)
   • Benefits of Resident Screening
   • Lease Agreements and Eviction Issues
   • Crime Free Lease Addendum
   • Key Control and Master Key Use
   • On-Going Security Management Monitoring and Responding to Criminal
       Activity
   • Gangs, Drugs Activity, and Crime Prevention
   • Legal Warnings, Notices & Evictions Working Smarter With the Police Fire
       and Life Safety Training Community Awareness
Phase II – CPTED; Survey by the Police
   • Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design Survey (CPTED)
   • Minimum door, window, and lock standards compliance inspection
   • Minimum exterior lighting standards evaluation
   • Key Control procedures evaluation
   • Landscape maintenance standards compliance
Phase III - Community Awareness Training
   • Annual crime prevention social taught by property management and police
   • Community awareness and continuous participation is encouraged
   • Full certification (gold certificate) permits the right to post the Crime Free
       Multi-Housing Program sign and advertise membership in the Crime Free
       Multi-Housing Program in the print media using the official logo. This
       certificate expires every year unless renewed following compliance with
       Phases I & II.

Crime Free Coordinator: Officer Bob Ahsens, (913) 971-6609



                                        45
Identity Theft
Curb the Demand
Check and Credit Card Fraud is a real business for crooks, built on supply and
demand. Impossible to curb the demand, you can help eliminate the supply by
taking the following precautions:
   • Tear up or shred all old and unused checks and credit cards. This includes
      any applications you receive in the mail that you do not want to keep.
   • Protect your checks and credit cards at home. Lock up your supply, even from
      family and friends.
   • While shopping, keep all checks and credit cards in your possession. Do not
      leave purses and wallets unattended, even for a second. Don’t leave them in
      your car.
   • At work, secure all checks and credit cards. Don’t leave purses and wallets
      exposed.

Most thefts of checks and credit cards are crimes of opportunity. Help reduce your
chances of becoming a victim.

What actions to take if you become a victim
PRIORITIES (Should be done within 24 hrs)
  • File a report with your local law enforcement agency.
  • Obtain a copy of your police report for your records.
  • Contact all vendors and banks that have been tampered with and let them
     know you are a victim of fraud. If applicable have the accounts for the
     compromised checks, credit cards, etc. closed.

Other Actions you can take
Contact the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) at (877) 438-4338.
   • Complete the ID Theft Affidavit on the FTC web site and complain form for a
      report. (http://www.ftc.gov/conline/pubs/credit/affidavit.pdf)
   • Notify the Social Security Administration to replace Social Security or
      Medicare/Medicaid cards. DO NOT obtain a new Social Security number. You
      will lose your credit history. (http://www.ssa.gov/)
   • Contact any of the below listed credit bureaus to add protection to your file.
   • Check with the Department of Motor Vehicles to see if a duplicate driver's
      license has been taken out in your name.

How to handle contacts from collection agencies
  • Draft a letter explaining you have been the victim of fraud and include the
     police report number.
  • Mail a copy of the police report and the letter to the collection agency.




                                        46
Keep copies of all correspondence sent to creditors
EQUIFAX
P.O. Box 740123
Atlanta GA 30374-0123
Ph 888-567-8688

EXPERIAN (TWA)
P.O. Box 919
Allen, TX 75013
800-353-0809

TRANS UNION
P.O. Box 97328
Jackson, MS 39288-7328
800-680-7293

Gang Involvement
An organization, association or group of three or more persons, whether formal or
informal, which meets both of the following criteria:
   • has a common name or identifying signs, colors or symbols
   • has members or associates who, individually or collectively, engage in, or
      have engaged in, criminal activity

Warning Signs of Gang Involvement

   •   Admits to “hanging out” with kids in gangs
   •   Shows an unusual interest in one or two particular colors of clothing or a
       particular logo
   •   Has an unusual interest in gangster-influenced music, videos, movies or
       websites.
   •   Uses unusual hand signals to communicate with friends.
   •   Has specific drawings or gang symbols on school books, clothes, walls, or
       tattoos
   •   Comes home with unexplained physical injuries
   •   Has unexplained cash or goods, such as clothing or jewelry
   •   Carries a weapon
   •   Has been in trouble with the police
   •   Exhibits negative behavior such as:
          o Withdrawing from family
          o Decline in school attendance and performance
          o Staying out late without a reason
          o Exhibiting signs of drug use
          o Breaking rules consistently
          o Speaking in gang style slang


                                          47
Graffiti
In an effort to constantly eradicate unsightly graffiti, the City of Olathe has an
ordinance (6.06.040) that requires property owners to remove the graffiti within 5
days of notice. Graffiti left on property can multiply and be a magnet for other types
of criminal activity, giving the impression that the neighborhood “does not care”.

Help us catch the vandals! A clear message must be sent to those responsible that
this type of activity will not be tolerated. Report all suspicious activity including
loitering. Immediately report and clean the graffiti. Use increased lighting around
vulnerable areas. Don’t allow vandals to take away the pride we have for our city.

Animal Control Unit
Olathe Animal Control provides for a safe and harmonious community for the
people and animals of Olathe. This is accomplished through enforcement and
education of the animal control ordinances. Olathe operates a clean, modern animal
shelter where many animals are available for adoption.

Services offered
Animal adoptions, live trap rentals, pet lost and found, educational programs,
enforcement of Olathe Animal Control Ordinance, investigation of all animal bites,
cruelty to animals cases and other violations. Olathe has several laws in place to
protect animals and residents. Please keep these items in mind:

   •   It is unlawful to allow an animal to "run at large."
   •   It is against the law for any person to own, keep or harbor a dog or cat more
       than six months old unless the animal is properly licensed.
   •   Any dog or cat more than four months old must be inoculated for rabies.
   •   Any dog or cat that is allowed outside an Olathe residence, unless kept in a
       cage or covered dog run, must wear a license tag.
   •   No person, residential premises, or household may have, hold or contain more
       than a combined total of four animals more than four months of age without
       a special use permit.
   •   All female animals in heat must be confined in a building in such a manner
       that the animal cannot come into contact with a male animal except for
       planned breeding.

Pet Adoption Fees
 Under 4 months of age
                           Dogs        Cats
Adoption fee                $5          $5
Spay/neuter fee            $80         $50



                                         48
More than 4 months, less than 6 months
                         Dogs       Cats
Adoption fee               $5        $5
Rabies fee                $10       $10
Spay/neuter fee           $80       $50                      Shelter Address:
                                                             505 E Sunvale, Olathe, KS
More than 6 months of age                                    Directly behind the Olathe
                         Dogs       Cats                     Police Department
Adoption fee               $5        $5
                                                             Shelter Telephone:
Rabies fee                $10       $10
                                                             (913) 971-6362
Spay/neuter fee           $80       $50
City license (1st year)    $5        $5                      Animal Control Services:
                                                             (913) 971-7455
Spay/Neuter Fee Includes                                     Hours of Operation:
Dogs:                                                        Monday thru Friday
   • Flea Treatment                                          10:00 AM to 6:00 PM
   • DHLPP                                                   (Closed 1:00-2:00 for lunch)
   • Bordetella
                                                             Saturday
   • Dewormer
                                                             10:00 AM to 2:00 PM
   • Spay/Neuter
Cats:                                                        Closed Sundays and Holidays
   • Flea Treatment
   • FVRCP
   • Dewormer
   • Spay/Neuter

Rabies Refunds
All dogs and cats more than 4 months of age must be vaccinated for rabies by a
licensed veterinarian. To receive a rabies deposit back:
    • Have the animal vaccinated for rabies by a licensed veterinarian.
    • Bring proof of vaccination (this will be furnished by your vet) and your pink
       receipt to the shelter within 5 business days from the date of adoption.

Spay and Neuter Refunds
All dogs and cats adopted from the Animal Shelter will be spayed or neutered.

Wildlife Concerns
Residents should be encouraged to contact Olathe Animal Control for wildlife
concerns; however, nuisance wildlife management issues will be referred to Kansas
Department of Wildlife & Parks. Call (913) 894-9113 for current information
regarding services provided by Nuisance Wildlife Damage Control Permitees.
Residents may also contact Operation Wildlife at (913) 631-6566 for information
regarding wildlife that may need medical attention or rehabilitation.

Live trap rental is limited for assistance with feral cat problems within the city of
Olathe.


                                         49
Emergency Preparedness
Be aware. Be prepared. Get involved.
Disasters are critical events that overwhelm normal day-to-day resources. For most
communities a tornado strike, flash flood or major ice storm can be a disaster.
In Olathe, we use the term "Emergency Preparedness" to describe control activities
for both emergency and disaster events.

The City of Olathe's Office of Emergency Management, managed by the Fire
Department, helps business, industry, schools, other private and public entities,
other City departments and citizens prepare for emergencies and disasters. Our
focus is on emergency management coordination. Activities include, but are not
limited to, the following:
   • assessing hazards in the community
   • maintaining a City Emergency Operations Plan
   • providing surveys for business and industry
   • guiding in the preparation of other emergency and disaster plans
   • training for emergencies and disasters
   • public education activities
   • providing assistance on hazardous materials response and compliance

Emergency Management has a four-fold purpose:
  • Help mitigate or lessen the effects of emergencies or disasters
  • Prepare the community for natural and technological events (Safe
     Neighborhood and Business Preparedness)
  • Ensure the appropriate and adequate response to a disaster (Community
     Emergency Response Teams)
  • Facilitate the timely recovery from a disaster for all elements of the
     community.

Contact Emergency Management Coordinator Rita Hoffman at (913) 971-7943 to
request emergency management help or to sign up for Community Emergency
Response Team training.

Household Readiness Kit
Are you prepared for an ice storm or blizzard? Have a household readiness kit in the
event of any unexpected disruption to services. This kit should contain all the
supplies you would need to be self-sufficient for up to 72 hours for each family
member. Store the supplies in easy to carry containers such as a backpack or duffel
bag.




                                        50
Include:

   •   A supply of water (one gallon per person per day). Store water in sealed,
       unbreakable containers. Identify the storage date and replace every six
       months.
   •   A supply of non-perishable packaged or canned food and a non-electric can
       opener.
   •   A change of clothing, rain gear and sturdy shoes/boots.
   •   Blankets or sleeping bags.
   •   A first aid kit and prescription medications.
   •   An extra pair of glasses.
   •   A battery-powered radio, flashlight and plenty of extra batteries.
   •   Credit cards and cash.
   •   An extra set of car keys.
   •   A list of family physicians.
   •   A list of important family information; the style and serial number of medical
       devices such as pacemakers.
   •   Special items for infants, elderly or disabled family members.

Also be sure you have:

   •   A full tank of gas per car.
   •   Alternative cooking and heating sources.

Change all the batteries for smoke and Carbon Monoxide detectors prior to the first
of the year.

Neighborhood and Human Services
“Making Olathe neighborhoods better”
The department of Neighborhood and Human Services (NHS) provides a range of
public services and resources designed to help maintain and improve the quality of
life throughout Olathe’s neighborhoods.

We deliver our programs in the hope of citizens learning that everyone plays a role
in making neighborhoods better. Our resources are divided into distinct yet
integrated focus areas:
   • Human relations
   • Human services
   • Neighborhood planning
   • Community enhancement
   • Housing services
   • Transportation services
   • Downtown revitalization




                                         51
These areas work together and in collaboration with other City departments,
outside agencies, organizations and citizens to:
   • Provide and maintain a supply of affordable housing opportunities
   • Promote equal opportunity and fair treatment among all residents in Olathe
   • Encourage neighborhoods to solve problems
   • Provide neighborhood support
   • Enforce City standards for safe and clean neighborhoods
   • Offer affordable transportation alternatives
   • Coordinate revitalization of older areas and economic development of newer
      ones

Locations: City Hall, 100 E Santa Fe; 201 N Cherry

Community enhancement          (913) 971-8580
Neighborhood planning          (913) 971-8969
Downtown information           (913) 971-8665
Human Relations                (913) 971-6490
Human Services                 (913) 971-6490
Housing Services               (913) 971-6260
Taxi Coupon Program            (913) 971-6260

Youth Services and Programs
The Youth Services Programs provide civic engagement and leadership
programming for youth in Olathe through partnerships with Olathe District
Schools, businesses and service organizations.

City Programs
   • Teen Council
   • CO-Pilot (City of Olathe Placing Investment in the Leaders of Tomorrow)
      Internship Program
   • Make a World of Difference Day

Olathe District Schools Programs
   • Bilingual Student Services Department
   • Student Development Department
   • Youth Congress
   • Youth Court
   • Youth Friends

For more information, contact Diversity Services Coordinator, Erin Vader, at (913)
971-6490.




                                       52
Citizen Concern Request System (http://www.olatheks.org/crs/)
Please fill out the following form to submit your concern or comment. An ID number
will be assigned for your reference, and a member of City staff will contact you.
Thank you for using the Citizen Request System.

Contact Information
Fields marked with a red asterisk (*) are required.
Name: *
Address: *
City: *
State: *
Zip: *
E-Mail Address: *
Phone: *
Alternate Phone:
Your Concern or Comment
                --- Select Category ---
Category: *
Description of concern, or comment to staff: *




 Send Request




                                          53
Mission, Values & Vision
Mission Statement
The mission of the Olathe Police Department, through partnership with the
community, is to protect and serve all people within our city with a professional,
dedicated, and well-trained organization.

Value Statements
Integrity
We will act honestly, truthfully, and in a trustworthy manner at all times.

Respect
We will treat citizens and each other with respect and will perform our duties in a
fair and equitable manner.

Leadership
We will provide leadership for the community by performing our duties in a
progressive and innovative manner which sets the example for others to follow.

Service
We will provide supportive, professional services to the community and to city
employees.

Problem Solving
We will use sound, innovative problem-solving techniques. We will educate and
involve the community to accomplish common goals.

Accountability
We will accept our law enforcement responsibilities for the community. We will hold
ourselves, and each other, accountable for the professional and high quality
performance of our duties.

Pride
We are proud of our city. This pride is reflected in the energetic, positive manner in
which we perform our duties as well as the contributions we provide to the
community.

Vision Statement
The Olathe Police Department is proud to be a part of a growing city and is
dedicated to providing our community with diverse law enforcement professionals.
We will maintain the highest level of law enforcement professionals who will utilize
state-of-the-art equipment to accomplish the community’s law enforcement goals.
We will provide law enforcement personnel who take pride in performing their
duties in a fair and equitable manner setting a high standard of which our citizens
can be proud.


                                         54

				
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