Slide 1 - Nipissing University by dfhdhdhdhjr

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									Gareth Morgan
Envisioning the Political
 If you were to look at Nipissing University as a political
  institution, what aspects would you say are
  authoritative? What aspects would you say are
  democratic?

 Do you think Nipissing University Administrators and
  Faculty would share your views?
What is an Autocracy?
 Absolute government where power is held by an
 individual or small group and supported by control of
 critical resources, property, or ownership rights,
 tradition, charisma, and other claims to personal
 privilege.

 Can you give an example of a situation where you have
 seen/could see this form of rule?
What is Bureaucracy?
 Rule exercised through use of the written word, which
 provides the basis for a rational-legal type of authority,
 or “rule of law”

 Can you give an example of a situation where you have
 seen/could see this form of rule?
What is a Technocracy?
 Rule exercised through the use of knowledge, expert
 power, and the ability to solve relevant problems

 Can you give an example of a situation where you have
 seen/could see this form of rule?
What is Codetermination?
 The form of rule where opposing parties combine in
 the joint management of mutual interests, as in a
 coalition government or corporatism, each party
 drawing on a specific power base.

 Can you give an example of a situation where you have
 seen/could see this form of rule?
What is a Representative
Democracy?
 Rule exercised through the election of officers
 mandated to act on behalf of the electorate and who
 hold office for a specified time period or so long as
 they command the support of the electorate

 Can you give an example of a situation where you have
 seen/could see this form of rule?
What is a Direct Democracy?
 The system where everyone has an equal right to rule
 and is involved in all decision making...It encourages
 self-organizing as a key mode of organizing.

 Can you give an example of a situation where you have
 seen/could see this form of rule?
Analyzing Political Systems
 What are the three intersecting relations Morgan states we
  are to focus on in order to analyze a particular
  organization’s politics?

   Hint: Morgan states: “Organizational politics arise when
    people think differently and want to act differently. This
    diversity creates a tension that must be resolved through
    political means.”

   Answer: Morgan states we can analyze organizational politics
    by focusing on relations between: interests, conflict and
    power.
Relations of Interest and Conflict
 How do different interests play a part in organizational
 politics?

 What are some ways in which conflict may arise? Is
 conflict always negative?
What does Morgan Identify as the 14 most
important sources of power? Explain Each

1.   Formal authority
2.   Control of scarce resources
3.   Use of organizational structure, rules, and
     regulations
4.   Control of decision processes
5.   Control of knowledge and information
6.   Control of boundaries
7.   Ability to cope with uncertainty
Sources of power cont’d

8. Control of technology
9. Interpersonal alliances, networks, and control of
      “informal organization”
10.   Control of counterorganizations
11.   Symbolism and the management of meaning
12.   Gender and the management of gender relations
13.   Structural factors that define the stage of action
14.   The power one already has
Managing Organizations
 What does Morgan define as pluralist, unitary, and
 radical organizations? How are interests, conflict and
 power relations different in each?

 What suggestions does he put forth for managing
 pluralist organizations?
What are the 5 Pluralist Management Styles?
1.       Avoiding:
            Ignoring conflict and hoping they’ll go away
            Invoking slow procedures to stifle the conflict
            Appealing to bureaucratic rules as a course of conflict
             resolution
              In what situation would this style be useful?

2.       Compromise:
            Negotiating
            Looking for deals or trade-offs
            Finding satisfactory or acceptable solutions
              In what situation would this style be useful?
Cont’d...
3.       Competition:
            Creating win-lose situations
            Using rivalry
            Forcing submission
              In what situation would this style be useful?

4. Accommodation:
     Giving way
     Submitting and complying
       In what situation would this style be useful?
Cont’d...
5.       Collaboration:
            Problem-solving stance
            Searching for integrative solutions
            Seeing problems and conflicts as challenging
              In what situation would this style be useful?
Critical Thinking

 What are the strengths and weaknesses of the political
 metaphor?

								
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