NATIVE AMERICANS IN MUSEUMS

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					                                                                                                      museumVIEWS
                                                                                 A quarterly newsletter for small and mid-sized art museums                        Fall 2007


                                                                                 NATIVE AMERICANS
                                                                                 IN MUSEUMS
Native North                                                              The Northeast will be represented by func-
                                                                     tional wood objects carved with sculptural
                                                                                                                          What better way to learn about a people than to
                                                                                                                          experience them through their many art forms.

American Art                                                         details that elevated everyday utensils to the
                                                                     level of works of art as well as a myriad of other
                                                                                                                          By exhibiting their art and translating what the
                                                                                                                          artists are trying to say for the general public,

Gallery Opens                                                        objects both large and small.                        Native American museums provide the atmos-
                                                                                                                          phere for better understanding.

at Met                                                               Smithsonian                                              The First People had many diverse cultures
                                                                                                                          across this land and yet they were similar to one
      T he Metropolitan Museum of Art (NY)
opens its enlarged and renovated gallery for
                                                                     NMAI Opens                                           another. Today's Native American museums help
                                                                                                                          to point out these similarities and also to explain
Native North American art on November 13 of
this year. A selection of 90-some works, more
                                                                     Tribal Shows                                         the uniqueness between each cultural people. All
                                                                                                                          these museums invite you to come and experi-
                                                                                                                          ence how the First People celebrated life with a
than ever before, will present the art of various                        T   he Smithsonian National Museum of the        song, a dance, and a story.
North American peoples, regions, and time peri-                      American Indian (DC) announced the opening
ods. Objects on view, ranging from stone tools
(bannerstones that date back several millennia)
                                                                     of two new tribal community displays in the
                                                                     “Our Peoples: Giving Voice to Our Histories”
                                                                                                                          Surprise and Pride
to a tobacco bag made by Assiniboine/Sioux                           exhibition: the Blackfeet Nation of Browning,            I was finishing my senior year at Syracuse
artist Joyce Growing Thunder in the 1970’s,                          Montana, and Chiricahua Apache of Mescalero,         and attending the Native
                                                                                                                                                              Continued on page 3
                                   come from the                     New Mexico.
                                   Met’s holdings
                                   and other well
                                   known collec-
                                                                             The Blackfeet exhibition highlights key
                                                                     themes in Blackfeet history: the revelation of
                                                                     sacred powers, creation stories, the importance
                                                                                                                          NOTES ABOUT ARTISTS
                                                                                                                          [In April 2003, the National Museum of the
                                   tions from                        of the medicine lodge, the introduction of hors-     American Indian in New York held the first
                                   across the                        es, and language preservation. Of paramount          exhibition of “Continuum: 12 Artists,” a series
                                   country: the                      importance, the 1855 Treaty of Lame Bull and         that presented paired showings of contemporary
                                   American                          the 1870 Baker’s Massacre both show the tribe’s      Native artists. The series continued through
                                   Indian collec-                    interaction with the United States government        2004 until January 2005. The following notes
                                   tions of Ralph                    and the tragic consequences.                         are about the artists whose work appeared in
                                   T. Coe of Santa                         The Chiricahua Apache exhibition shows         those exhibitions.]
                                   Fe and Charles                    the tribe’s forced journey from their homeland
                                   and Valerie
                                   Diker of New
                                                                     in the Southwest to Alabama, Florida,
                                                                     Oklahoma, and New Mexico, where two-thirds
                                                                                                                                         JAUNE QUICK-
                                   York, for                         of the Chiricahua finally made their home in                        TO-SEE SMITH
                                                                                                                                         (Flathead Salish/Cree/Shoshone)
                                   example; the                      1913 together with the Mescalero and Lipan
                                   1897 acquisi-                     Apache groups. Animated videos and historical                         Jaune Quick-to-See Smith,
                                   tion of archae-                   and contemporary still images represent                              whose art presents a cross-cultural
                                   ological ceram-                   tribal leaders and the life and history of                           dialogue between the values of an
                                   ic vessels from                   their communities.                                                   inherited Native American past and
                                   Missouri; the                                                                          those of 21st century Euro-America, was born in
                                   Crosby Brown                                                                           St. Ignatius, Montana, in 1940, and raised on the
Collection of musical instruments; and the
Nelson A. Rockefeller collection, which forms
the basis for the current exhibition.
                                                                     WITH A SONG,                                         Flathead Reservation there. Her name comes from
                                                                                                                          her Shoshoni grandmother. Her schooling took her
                                                                                                                          from high school, where she was exposed to a
      The display will be organized by North
American regions with emphasis on the art of
                                                                           A DANCE,                                       Famous American Art course, to Olympic College,
                                                                                                                          in Bremerton (WA). Subsequently, she earned a
the Great Plains and the Northwest Coast. Two
works especially, both from the early 1880’s,                              AND A                                          BA degree at Framingham State College (MA)
                                                                                                                          and an MFA degree at the University of New
bespeak the traditions and images of the Great
Plains: the Maffet Ledger (named after the edi-
tor of the local Cheyenne journal), a book of
                                                                           STORY       by Mike Tarbell
                                                                                                                          Mexico. Before she completed her MFA, she was
                                                                                                                          earning a living as a painter.
                                                                                                                             By the mid 1970’s, Smith had founded artists’
more than 100 drawings, created at the                                                                                    groups, curated exhibitions, and organized grass-
Cheyenne and Arapaho Agency in Indian
Territory (Oklahoma); and a Cheyenne tipi liner
                                                                        H  ello! I hope that you are well and that you    roots protests expressing concern over the land
                                                                                                                          and its people. She remains an outspoken activist
                                                                     come in peace. My name is “He Waits.” I am
consisting of 13 feet of images depicting                            Mohawk-Turtle Clan and I come from the Land          for avant-garde and feminist causes, and her art
Cheyenne warriors and their heroic deeds in                          Where the Partridge Drums. I welcome you to          reflects her passions, which are deeply connected
battle.                                                              my Mother’s House.                                   to her Native American heritage in the context of
Top left: Adkins, Garland and Minnie, Horse, 1993. Carved, painted
                                                                         A Native American museum is an invitation        contemporary issues that face American Indians.
wood. In “Collective Wisdom,” Gordon Art Galleries, VA
Center: J.J. Lankes, Big Sycamore, from West Running Brook by        to come and experience, for a moment, the world      In addition, she functions as a curator, a lecturer,
Robert Frost, 1928. Woodcut on paper. In “Artist at Work,” Harnett
Museum of Art, VA                                                    that Native Americans cultivated for themselves.     and a writer.
                                                                                                                                                                Continued on page 11
    DIRECTORS’ CORNER
    THE NATIVE                                                         Bridging Gaps
                                                                            The Abbe Museum recognizes the need to
                                                                                                                                ing works for the permanent collection by living
                                                                                                                                Native American artists. With these actions, we

    AMERICAN MUSEUM                                                    incorporate Native American voices and perspec-
                                                                       tives as a guide in educational programming and
                                                                                                                                hope to raise awareness not only of the quality
                                                                                                                                and diversity of today’s art but also to register

    BUILDING BRIDGES
    by Francine Carraro, Ph.D.
                                                                       exhibition preparation. Through our permanent
                                                                       installations and temporary exhibitions, we seek
                                                                                                                                Native American voices in contemporary art.

                                                                                                                                Keeping the Story Alive
                                                                       to bridge the gaps in our audience’s understanding
                                                                                                                                    We believe that history comes alive through
                            The Abbe Museum opened to                  of the history and living culture of Native
                                                                       Americans.
                                                                                                                                our exhibitions and educational programs, and that
                      the public 79 years ago as a show-                                                                        history is preserved through the acquisition and
                      case for a private collection of                     In attempting to present a seamless perspective
                                                                                                                                conservation of Native American art and artifacts.
                      artifacts assembled by physician                 on Native American life and culture, we make
                                                                                                                                We seek to unite the past and the present through
                      and amateur archaeologist Robert                 every effort to tie the message of the artifacts of
                                                                                                                                building bridges of cultural understanding.
                      Abbe. The museum of “stone age                   the past with the reality of Native American expe-
    antiquities” reflected the popular cultural classifi-              rience in the present. Exhibitions related to arche-
                                                                                                                                [Francine Carraro, Ph.D. is executive director of
    cation given to Native American archaeology in                     ological findings as well as exhibitions of works
                                                                                                                                the Abbe Museum (ME)]
    the 1920’s.                                                        by contemporary Native American artists provide
         In the last few decades, the Abbe Museum has                  the context and content of Native life, both past
    moved with purpose toward presenting modern
    Native American culture with a Native voice in
                                                                       and present, while at the same time correcting
                                                                       some widely held misconceptions.
                                                                                                                                AMERICAN INDIANS
    governance and public presentations. The muse-
    um’s history includes the development of signifi-
                                                                           With these objectives in mind, we plan to
                                                                       reexamine some of our long-time permanent
                                                                                                                                AND MUSEUMS :
    cant collections, outstanding exhibitions, and
    meaningful educational programs. In two loca-
                                                                       installations, and with guidance from scholars and
                                                                       Native elders, to create new interpretations of          A CHANGING
    tions, the original building from 1928 in Acadia
    National Park and the state-of-the-art facility from
                                                                       Native American life.
                                                                                                                                LANDSCAPE
    2001 in downtown Bar Harbor, Maine, we show-                       Art and History                                          by Duane King, Ph.D.
    case the best in Native American art, archeology,
    history and culture. By doing so, we celebrate the                 Come Together                                                  A s long as museums have
                                                                            Temporary exhibitions range from artworks         been in this country, American
    heritage and living cultures of Native Americans                                                                          Indians have been represented in them. The treat-
    and inspire appreciation and understanding of the                  by Native American school children to curated
    culture, art, history, archaeology, and the lives of               shows that place Native American art and culture ment of Native American subjects by museums
                                                                       in historical context. One recent exhibition, “A       over the years has changed considerably. They
    Maine’s Native peoples.                                                                                                   were once depicted as relics of the vanquished
         The museum is a cultural hub and community                    Tree with Eyes: Birch Bark Collections from the
                                                                                                                              and vanishing; Native American objects were
    gathering place as host to a wide range of events                  Abbe Museum,” showcased works, both historic
                                                                                                                              most often exhibited as exotic curiosities with lit-
    that engage the public by sharing the story of the                 and contemporary, from our permanent collection:
                                                                                                                              tle or no interpretive context. Human remains
    Native American experience. We are seeking a                       birch bark canoes and containers of traditional        were commonly displayed in American museums
    still wider audience by expanding our definition                   culture that were integral to regional Native life in as late as the 1970’s, and on a few occasions, liv-
    of community to include not only the four                          the past. These objects chronicled the transforma- ing people were placed on exhibit.
    Wabanaki tribes of the region, but also the local                  tion from items produced for a tourist market into         For much of the 20th century, Native
    community, tourists, the teacher/student communi-                  art forms that illustrate a keen aesthetic of quality Americans viewed museums not as educational
    ty, as well as the national                                        craftsmanship.                                         institutions, but as the storehouses for looted cul-
    community of scholars                                                                  “Journeys West: The David &        ture and the repositories for material from dis-
    and museum profession-                                                              Peggy Rockefeller American            turbed graves. Collecting practices of museum
    als. Our reputation for                                                             Indian Art Collection,” curated by pioneers showed little regard for ethics or cultural
    educational programming                                                             Bunny McBride, focuses on the         sensitivity. George Gustav Heye founded the
    is excellent. We work                                                               development of the Rockefeller        museum that later became the National Museum
    closely with public                                                                 family’s collection of Native         of the American Indian. In addition to acquiring a
    schools to ensure that the                                                          American artworks. This exhibi-       collection that is now regarded as a national treas-
    history and culture of                                                              tion includes works by well-          ure, he also became well known for his obsession
    Native Americans is cen-                                                            known artists Maria Martinez,         with objects and his insensitivity about people. He
    tral to the curricula. We                                                           Ma-Pe-Wi, John Louis Clark, and exemplified the oft discussed dichotomy facing
    serve as an important                                                               Tonita Peña as well as other works collectors and museums alike. While it is true that
    resource for teachers to                                                            by unnamed artists such as a          museums are preserving objects for future genera-
    meet Maine’s “Wabanaki                                                              Western Apache basketry storage       tions through proper stewardship of collections, it
    Initiative,” a state law                                                            jar, saddlebags from Dakota           is also recognized that unethical      Continued on page 4
    that requires all grade                                                             Sioux, Navajo Kachina figures, a
    levels to teach Wabanaki
    history and culture. We
                                                                                        Papago salt storage jar, and exam-
                                                                                        ples of Navajo Late Classic wear-
                                                                                                                                                         museum        VIEWS
    annually produce teacher                                                            ing blankets. The exhibition pro-         Editor: Lila Sherman
    workshops that address                                                              vides a contextual framework for          Publisher: Museum Views, Ltd.
    issues such as stereotyp-                                                           the history of an art collection that     2 Peter Cooper Road, New York, NY 10010
    ing. And, we recently                                                               began at the same time as the             Phone: 212-677-3415 FAX: 212 533-5227
    established The Robert                                                              Abbe Museum was founded and               On the WEB: museumviews.org
    R. Gann Distinguished                                                               broadens our scope to include a           museumVIEWS is supported by grants from the
    Speaker Series with an                                                              wider community of Native                 Horace W. Goldsmith Foundation
    inaugural lecture by                                                                American art and experiences.             and Bloomberg.
                                            da Silva, House of
    Charles C. Mann, author Marilyn2001. Copper, brass,
                                    Cards,                                 We are in the early stages of establishing an
    of 1491: New Revelations goldplate,Dwellings Forward,”
                                              gesso, colored pencil.                                                              museumVIEWS is published 4 times a year:
                                                                       annual exhibition and artist-in-residence program
    of the Americas before
                                    In “From                                                                                      Winter (January 1), Spring ( April 1), Summer
                                    Palo Alto Art Center, CA           that will showcase works by contemporary Native            (July 1), and Fall (October 1), Deadlines for
    Columbus.                                                          American artists. The Diane Kopec Collection               listings and art work are November 15,
                                                                       Fund was established with the purpose of purchas-          February 15, May 15, and August 15.
2
With A Song, A Dance, And A Story                                                 continued from page 1   NEWSBRIEFS
American program at Cornell University
when I got an invitation from my sister, who
                                                         My cousin clanmother, when she heard
                                                     that I was taking the job as Native Educator
                                                                                                          Promised Gift
                                                                                                              The Bruce Museum (CT) announced a prom-
was an artist intern at the Iroquois Indian          at the museum, gave me a charge: “Bring our          ised gift to the collection of a Martin Johnson Heade
Museum that, at the time, shared space with          ancestors into this modern time in a better          painting titled Sunlight on Newbury Marshes
the Old Stone Fort Museum in Schoharie. She          light.”                                              (c. 1865-75). “It is the finest nineteenth century
wanted me to come and see the new building,                                                               American landscape that the museum has ever
which was almost finished, built in the shape        Carrying Out the Charge                              received,” said Executive Director Peter C. Sutton.
of the traditional longhouse in which our                  One of the hardest things a museum edu-        “It also advances our campaign to gather 100 out-
ancestors lived.                                     cator in a Native American museum must do            standing gifts of works of art to the museum in its
    If I had ever made up a list of what I           is try to change the stereotypical image that        centennial year.”
wanted to do or be in life, an educator at a         everyone has been subjected to in the movies,
Native American museum would not have
been on it. But, the moment I walked into the
                                                     in paperback books, and in flawed interpreta-        New at the Met
                                                     tions of history. Another difficult task is try-         Following a three-year renovation, the
building that would                                                                ing to convince        Metropolitan Museum of Art (NY) opens a
become the Iroquois                                                                many children and      redesigned and reinstalled exhibition space for the
Indian Museum, I                                                                   some adults that       display of Oceanic Art—the arts of the Pacific
realized where those                                                               we as a people are     Islands. The inaugural exhibition will feature works
stories my grand-                                                                  still here.            from the five major artistic regions of Oceania—
mother had shared                                                                    Ours was a           Polynesia, Micronesia, Melanesia, Australia, and
with me as a child,                                                                world steeped in a     Island Southeast Asia. The museum’s renowned
belonged. I swelled                                                                rich democratic        masterworks, many from the Asmat people of New
with pride as I                                                                    process that           Guinea collected by Michael C. Rockefeller, will
opened the front                                                                   brought people         resume their place in the new galleries alongside
doors. The pristine                                                                together to iron       other previously unseen treasures from the collec-
walls echoed with                                                                  out their differ-      tion and recent acquisitions.
her stories, some                                                                  ences. A world
funny and some                                                                     where women and            The Joyce and Robert Menschel Hall for
very serious, coming alive as I walked               men were equals and saw their existence in           Modern Photography was opened to the public in
through the galleries. The rafters that support-     the Creation as a partnership in life. The           September, establishing for the first time a gallery
ed the arched roof resembled the Wing Fan            People understood that everything the Creator        dedicated exclusively to photography, especially
Belt, the widest wampum belt of the Iroquois         provided for them to use could exist without         large-scale photographs taken since 1960. The inau-
Confederacy, which represents the ever grow-         them, but that they could not exist without the      gural installation, “Depth of Field: Contemporary
ing tree that provides shelter for all who seek      Creator’s provisions. Theirs was a life-way          Photography at the Metropolitan,” drawn from the
peace and harmony.                                   that allowed them to exist within their envi-        museum’s permanent collection, traces the various
    Many times in her stories my grandmother         ronments—a far cry from the common image             paths of photography since 1960. Future exhibitions
told of how the People, as they                      of Indians always hiding behind trees, waiting       will change every six months and will include
traveled about from one village or nation to         for someone to club.                                 selections on themes such as landscape and the
the next, sang the songs of Thanksgiving, the            Native American museums are an essential         built environment, the body, photography about
songs of the Strawberry, the Maple, and the          tool in the teaching of American history. They       photography, among others.
Deer. They sang loud, she said, for the natural      are excellent places to go to learn about the
world to enjoy and the Onkwehonweh, the              First Peoples of North America and their cul-            The Wrightsman Galleries for French
Real People, to hear. “When you come                 tures, to witness their art, both past and pres-     Decorative Arts are scheduled to open, renovated
singing, you come in Peace,” my grandmother          ent, and to become aware of their contribu-          and reinstalled, on October 30. Six 18th-century
would say.                                           tions to the world that we live in today. Our        rooms that house the museum’s collection of French
    The new arrivals would be welcomed and           Outreach Programs cover these essentials, and        furniture and related decorative arts of the ancien
given a place to rest, their clothes would be        are designed to meet all grades levels and cur-      régime have new lighting, climate control, fire sup-
mended, and they would be fed. Then they             riculum requirements of New York State.              pression systems, new décor, and newly conserved
were given a strawberry drink to cleanse the                                                              furniture and upholstery. Works not before included
spirit and soul, and a crystal to wear in a med-     [Mike Rohrha:re Tarbell, of the Mohawk-              in the displays will now take their place in the new
icine pouch around their neck and over their         Turtle Clan, is museum educator at the               installation.
heart. They believed that this crystal would         Iroquois Indian Museum (ME)] J
help their hearts to see the beauty in all                                                                    Expanded and renovated galleries for 19th-cen-
Creation. From the Easterndoor Keepers this                                                               tury European paintings and sculpture are expected
was their passport for safety through the rest                                                            to be ready for opening on December 4, offering a
of the Confederacy.                                                                                       new and broadened presentation of the development
                                                                                                          of modern art. 19th-century works will be accompa-
                                                   Above: Etahdleuh
                                                                                                          nied by seminal works from the early modern era.
                                                   Doanmoe, Arrival in
                                                   Jacksonville, Florida,
                                                   1877, colored pencil on
                                                   paper. In ”A Kiowa’s
                                                   Odyssey” The Trout
                                                                                                          LHC Plans Practicum
                                                   Gallery, PA                                                The Lower Hudson Conference, an organization
                                                       Right: Saul Steinberg,                             that serves museums and historical agencies in the
                                                   Santa Claus as Christmas                               greater Hudson Valley (NY) region, plans the com-
                                                    Tree, 1949 or later. Offset
                                                    printing, black and white                             pletion of a three-tier practicum, the first having
                                                            lineshot. In “Saul
                                                         Steinberg,” Loeb Art                             taken place earlier this year. The remaining sessions,
                                                                   Center, NY                             consisting of a one-day symposium followed, over a
                                                   Left: Mary Nohl, Lake                                  period of about two months, with four workshops.
                                                   Cottage Environment. In
                                                   “Sublime Spaces                                        Each year focuses on one of three critical areas of
                                                   and Visionary Worlds,”                                 concern: in 2007, “The Context” or public presenta-
                                                   Kohler
                                                   Arts Center, WI                                        tion of the house museum; in 2008 (Jan 28),
                                                                                                                                                Continued on page 9

                                                                                                                                                                      3
    DIRECTORS’ CORNER                             continued from page 2

    collecting practices have resulted in cultural loss        Increased communication has engendered the              who believes that elected officials do not influence
    through the alienation of significant items from       mutual realization by museum and tribal officials           public opinion as much as they are influenced by
    the families and communities of origin.                that they are important to each other. Museums,             it. As a result, many tribal leaders are more con-
        Many museums in the early 20th century spon-       for the most part, insist that information about            cerned about sharing their messages with the gen-
    sored archaeological expeditions, ostensibly for       Native American cultures be presented from the              eral public than members of Congress.
    scientific inquiry, but frequently measuring suc-      first person perspective and that Native American
    cess by the number of recovered “museum quali-         curators and consultants be hired to help develop           The Future
    ty” treasures that they thought would be suitable      exhibits and educational programs. At the same                  As tribal resources increase through successful
    for display. The methods of collecting in the late     time, tribal leaders have recognized that museums           business ventures, so too does the risk of losing
    19th and early 20th centuries made logical the         can be powerful tools in educating the general              traditional culture and political sovereignty.
    inclusion of Native American material in natural       public and have frequently recruited non-Indian             Today, many tribes are taking extraordinary meas-
    history museums alongside exhibits of dinosaur         scholars and museum professionals to bring aca-             ures to preserve native languages, cultural tradi-
    bones and taxidermies. For many people today,          demic credibility to tribal programs.                       tions, and accurate public images. The future role
    the historical absence or under-representation of          Since 1975 more than 150 tribal museums and             of museums in support of tribal efforts will
    Native American material in “fine art” or              cultural centers have been established in the               depend upon the willingness of both museums and
    American history museums is as inexplicable as is      United States and Canada. They vary widely in               tribes to share educational responsibilities with
    the general acceptance of indigenous ethnographic      scope and scale but virtually all see their mission         new partnerships and strategies to achieve com-
    collections in museums, sometimes called “dead         as preserving and perpetuating tribal culture and           mon goals.
    animal zoos.”                                          history. In some cases, they serve as community             [Duane King, Ph.D. is executive director at the
                                                           centers offering workshops and educational pro-             Southwest Museum of the American Indian,
    The Climate Changes                                    grams for tribal members. In other cases, the pri-          Autry National Center, CA] J
        In stark contrast to the activist protestors who   mary focus is on educating the general public
    chained themselves to museum doors in the early        about tribal histories and traditions.
    1970’s to protest the public display of human
    remains, American Indians today are increasingly       The Key: Education                                          CURATOR’S CHOICE
    likely to be found on museum boards or as admin-           Many tribal leaders view public education as
    istrators or curators making decisions about           essential to the survival of Indian tribes as sover-
    exhibits and programs. Increased deference to          eign nations. They agree that constant vigilance is
    Native sensitivities, fostered by a heightened sense   required to defend tribal sovereignty against fre-
    of inclusion by many museums and a more favor-         quent and repeated challenges by the federal, state,
    able political climate, have brought about wel-        and local governments: “The fate of Indian Tribes
    come changes. Legislation such as the Native           in this country will be determined by the voting
    American Graves and Repatriation Act (NAG-             public,” says Anthony Pico, former Chairman of
    PRA) in 1989, for example, enables tribes to make      the Viejas Band of Kumeyaay Indians. “The great-
    claims for certain categories of objects held by       est threat to tribal sovereignty is public percep-
    museums that receive federal funding. Although         tion,” believes Wilma Mankiller, former Principal
    NAGPRA has not resulted in the mass of claims          Chief of the Cherokee Nation. “Museums have a
    that many predicted, it has given rise to construc-    responsibility in helping to shape for the public a
    tive dialogue among tribes and museums concern-        balanced and accurate image of Native
    ing the most appropriate care and treatment of art     Americans,” according to Marshall McKay,
    and artifacts.                                         Chairman of the Rumsey Band of Wintun Indians,



      THE FRAME GAME: KULTURE FOR KIDS
          Go to framemuseums.org and you will               anthropology—and having fun,” said Elizabeth
                                                            Rohatyn, who founded Frame in 1998. But,                     At the Barber’s, Greek Boeotian, ca. 460 B.C. Terra cotta, paint.
     find the newest, free, most animated art-related
     game for children ages 8-12. It is called Room         since it functions on several levels, adults can              This real charmer testifies to the Greeks’ humor
     of Wonders and was developed under the aus-            play and enjoy the game as well. Word games,               and delight in familiar subjects and to their enjoy-
     pices of the French Regional and American              puzzles, and musical quizzes are also factored in.         ment of naturalistic details in the representation of
     Museum Exchange                                            On her visits to local museums across France           everyday life. The protagonists are portly men,
     (Frame), a coalition of 23                                              where her husband was United              well past middle age. The customer, wrapped in a
     museums that exchange                                                   States Ambassador, Mrs.                   gown fastened on the shoulders to keep off shorn
     works of art, personnel,                                                Rohatyn conceived the idea of             strands of hair, slouches on the low stool and tilts
                                                                             an exchange program between               his head to better allow the barber to accomplish
     technology, and resources.                                                                                        his job. The barber maneuvers his long shears
     The game is stocked with                                                regional French and American
                                                                                                                       deftly. The day must be hot—a typical
     objects from these very                                                 museums. Such a program                   Mediterranean working day—for he is shirtless.
     museums.                                                                would extend the reach of                 His pot belly protrudes above his ample apron.
         To play, the child sin-                                             smaller museums on both sides             He is hard at work, and the client’s moustache
     gles out an exotic arti-                                                of the Atlantic and bring art-            and spate-shaped beard–one surmises–would
     fact—a stone sea monster                                                works to people who otherwise             be attended to next.
     from China, a decorated shield for the Solomon         might not have access.                                         This rare piece (one of only two other barber
     Islands, an African mask, a Hope kachina doll—             “We didn’t want government money because               groups known) is of outstanding workmanship
     and then searches for its origin, gaining informa-     governments tell you what to do,” she went on.             and vividly preserves its colorful paints (black and
     tion along the way. The little explorer finds the      “We charge member museums a small fee.”                    pink over a white slip). It owes its exquisite sculp-
                                                            Together with foundation and corporate grants,             tural quality to the coroplast’s skillful use of the
     right destination by scrolling across the map                                                                     molding technique. The crisp contours are mini-
     while the game responds orally and visually.           Frame goes forward.                                        mally enhanced with a finishing tool. Hand-fash-
         “The idea was to make an imaginative                   “Frame offers an active as opposed to a theo-          ioning was used only for the limbs.
     entrance to museums via a game,” said Richard          retical way to bridge the cultural gap,” said                                                    –Adriana Calinescu
     R. Brettell, the American director of Frame. “It’s     curator Penelope Hunter-Stiebel (she organized                                                 Curator of Ancient Art,
     about kids learning history, geography, and            one of Frame’s exhibitions).        Continued on page 10                               Indiana University Art Museum

4
autumnVIEWS
California                                          America: Hockney, Rosenquist,                 Florida                                     Maine
Berkeley Art Museum, University of                  Lichtenstein, and others.                     Duncan Gallery of Art, Stetson              Portland Museum of Art J “Both Sides
California, Berkeley J Through Dec.                                                               University, DeLand J “Richard Heipp:        of the Camera: Photographs from the
23: “One Way or Another: Asian                      Museum of Outdoor Arts, Englewood             More Paintings Like Pictures” (Oct. 29)     Judith Ellis Glickman Collection” (Jan.
American Art Now” Contemporary                      J “Holiday Lighting” (Nov. 15-Jan. 4)         Recent paintings and installations.         6) Photographers associated with
Asian artists, most under 40 and influ-             Illuminating installation at Samson Park                                                  Maine: the collector’s father Irving
enced by popular culture, working in a              in Greenwood Village and the Coors            Vero Beach Museum of Art J “David           Bennett Glickman, Steichen, Bourke-
variety of media with divergent points              Amphitheatre.                                 Hayes: Sculpture” (Dec. 16) Large-          White, and Salgado. J “Graphite”
of view; “RIP.MIX.BURN.BAM.PFA”                                                                   scale abstract works in welded steel        Contemporary paintings, drawings, and
Guest artists remix and burn digital-               Connecticut                                   inspired by shapes in the natural world.    sculpture, all linked through the use of
media of two artists—with their con-                Bruce Museum, Greenwich J “Eye                                                            graphite.
sent—resulting in new artistic collabo-             Candy: Two Centuries of Chocolate             Cornell Fine Arts Museum, Rollins
rative creations. J “Rosaling                       Advertising” (Dec. 2) Turn-of-last-cen-       College, Winter Park J Through Dec.         Ogunquit Museum of American Art J
Nashashibi: Bachelor Machines Part I”               tury posters and lithographs attempting       30: “American Portraits” 1790-1860;         Through Oct. 31: “Ansel Adams: The
(Nov. 3) Film installation chronicling              the seduction of chocolate lovers.J           “Winslow Homer: Joys of the Day”            Man Who Captured the Earth’s Beauty”
the voyage of a cargo ship.                         “Contemporary and Cutting Edge;               Woodcut engravings made for Harper’s        Images of Yosemite, Sierra Nevada
                                                    Pleasures of Collecting, Part III” (Jan.      Weekly and Appleton Journal; J              Sequoia, Yellowstone, and the Grand
Craft & Folk Art Museum, Los                        6) From local collectors’ collections:        “Select European and American               Teton; “Paintings by Lincoln Perry”
Angeles J “Zulu Fire: Ardmore                       Bourgeois, Lichtenstein, Katz, and            Paintings, c. 1561-1915”; “Rachel           Oils and watercolors by a “figurative
Ceramics from South Africa” (Jan. 27)               Warhol and the emerging contempo-             Simmons: Wonders” Mixed-media               painter of narratives”; “Watercolors
A contemporary expression of Zulu                   raries Hirst, Beecroft, Quinn, and Day.       installations.                              from the OMAA Permanent Collection”
folklore that fuses African and Western                                                                                                       Burchfield, Demuth, Dewitt, Marin,
artistic traditions, produced at a com-             Yale Center for British Art, New Haven        Idaho                                       Marsh, and others.
munity studio that employs local arti-              J “Art and Emancipation in Jamaica:           Boise Art Museum J “Laura McPhee:
sans, many of whom have HIV/AIDS.                   Isaac Mendes Belisario and His                River of No Return” (Jan. 13) Large-        Maryland
J “Eva Zeisel: Extraordinary Designer               Worlds” (Dec. 30) Sugar, slavery, and         scale color photographs of remote           Mitchell Gallery, St. John’s College,
at 100” (Dec. 30) The “grande dame of               a turbulent emancipation in paintings,        Idaho landscapes ponder the conflict        Annapolis J “The Inventions of
organic modernism,” industrial designer             drawings, and prints (1655 to the             between individualism, development,         Leonardo da Vinci” (Dec. 15) Models
Zeisel’s ceramics range in style from               1840’s), featuring lithographs and            and preservation. J “2007 Idaho             of inventions conceived in the
the Art Nouveau of Russia to Bauhaus                other works.                                  Triennial” (Nov. 25) Statewide; juried.     Renaissance, constructed at IBM
to post-war biomorphism.                                                                          J “Brittany Powell: Mucho Más” (Nov.        in the 1950’s.
                                                    Lyman Allyn Art Museum, New                   11)
Hearst Art Gallery, St. Mary’s College              London J “Guido Garaycochea:                                                              Baltimore Museum of Art J “Matisse:
of California, Morago J “Footloose in               Wooden Boxes” (Nov. 24) Interactive           Illinois                                    Painter as Sculptor” (Feb. 3) His sculp-
Arcadia: Artist & Writers in Piedmont,              installation about political turmoil and      Block Museum of Art, Northwestern           tures alongside his paintings, drawings,
1895-1915” (Dec. 16) Celebrating the                personal loss in Peru. J “The British         University, Evanston J “Casting a           and prints; first look at the major sculp-
centennial of the city with work by and             Are Coming: British Art from the              Shadow: Creating the Alfred Hitchcock       tures in 40 years.
tales about artists and writers who lived           Lyman Allyn Art Museum” (Feb. 4)              Film” (Dec. 9) Sketches, designs, story-
there or found inspiration there.                   Paintings, drawings, prints, and decora-      board, script pages, and more from well     Walters Art Museum, Baltimore J
                                                    tive arts from the last 300 years: Ruskin,    known films.                                “Déja Vu? Revealing Repetition in
Oakland Museum of California J “A                   Romney, Morris, Rossetti, and others.                                                     French Masterpieces” (Jan. 1)
Legacy of Art: The Ted and Ruth Nash                                                              Krannert Art Museum, University of          Exploring why artists repeat them-
Art Collection” (Dec. 30) Selection                 District of Columbia                          Illinois, Urbana-Champaign J Through        selves: Delacroix, Ingres, Monet,
from the recent bequest of California               Anderson House, Society of Cincinnati         Dec. 30: “Berni Searle: Approach”           Cézanne, Degas, and Matisse. J “Daily
artists.                                            J “Inheriting the Revolution: Loyalty,        Large-scale work about racial and           Magic in Ancient Egypt” (Nov. 25)
                                                    Brotherhood and the Society of the            gender inequities. J “Facades” Videos,      Amulets, scarabs, figurines, and ritual
Palo Verdes Art Center J “Off the                   Cincinnati during the Civil War” (Jan.        photographs, digital images, and litho-     objects. J “Recurrence” (Jan. 20)
Wall” (Nov. 18) Non-juried, all-media               5) Portraits, letters, weapons, and arti-     graphs that address the meanings of the     Complementing the “Déjà Vu” exhibit,
show. J Through Dec. 22: “From                      facts tell the story of Civil War soldiers    word “facade” when applied to a person      work from the Egyptian, ancient Greek,
Dwellings Forward: Metalwork by                     and the ideology they inherited.              or to a building.                           and Asian collections that reveal reuse
Marilyn da Silva”; “A Model Building”                                                                                                         of images and repetition. J “The
                                                    National Museum of Women in the Arts          Indiana                                     Repeating Image in Renaissance and
Museum of Photographic Arts, San                    J “WACK! Art and the Feminist                 Indiana University Art Museum,              Baroque Art” (Feb. 17) Same theme;
Diego J “Picturing Eden” (Jan. 13)                  Revolution” (Dec. 2007) The forma-            Bloomington J Through Dec.:                 different period.
International artists explore gardens and           tion, development, and impact of femi-        “Domestic and Personal Arts from
the concept of paradise. J “Public                  nist contemporary art from 1965 to            Eastern and Southern Africa”                Washington County Museum of Fine
Privacy: Wendy Richmond’s                           1980: Bourgeois, Kusama, Ono,                 Furniture, containers, jewelry, and         Arts, Hagerstown J “Americana
Surreptitious Cellphone” (Jan. 6) Cell              Chicago, Sherman, and many others.            more; “Ceramic Vessels from Eastern         Roads: Photographs by Robert M.
phone videos rearranged in visual grids.                                                          and Southern Africa” Utilitarian            Kurtz, Jr.” (Nov. 4) Vanishing land-
                                                    Smithsonian Institution J At the Freer        containers as works of art.                 scapes. J “Tramp Art: The Art of Folk
Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco J                Gallery: “Parades: Freer Ceramics                                                         Wood Carving” (Nov. 18) Chip carv-
“The Sculpture of Louise Nevelson:                  Installed by Gwyn Hanssen Pigott”             Kansas                                      ings made from cigar boxes and the like
Constructing a Legend” (Jan. 13) A                  (Nov. 4) Australian ceramicist organizes      Salina Art Center J “Jon Rappleye:          by itinerant artists as payment for room
lifetime of work: sculpture, drawings,              vessels from the collection into still-life   Strange World” (Dec. 16) Paintings that     or board. J “Visions of the
and two room-size masterworks.                      groupings; the artist’s own work on           invoke fairy tales, folk lore, mythology,   Susquehanna: 250 Years of Paintings by
                                                    view at the Embassy of Australia in           and the impact of technology on ecology.    American Masters” (Dec. 2) Works that
Cantor Center for Visual Arts Stanford              D.C. J “Literary Masterpieces in                                                          trace the course of the river from Lake
University, Stanford J “Mutual                      Chinese Painting” (Jan. 13) J Through         Wichita Art Museum J Through Jan.           Otsego, New York, through
Admiration: Eugéne Carriére and His                 Feb. 10: “The Potter’s Mark: Identity         6: “Heritage of the West—A Romance          Pennsylvania, and into the Chesapeake
Circle” (Dec. 2) Paintings, prints, and             and Tea Ceramics”; “Japanese Art in           Gone Forever: The M.C. Naftzger             Bay. J “Autumn Landscapes from the
sculptures by the artist, his friends               the Edo Period” J At the National             Collection of Paintings Sculptures and      Permanent Collection” (Jan. 6) Church,
(including Rodin and Verlaine), and                 Museum of African Art: “Art of Being          Drawings by Charles M. Russell”;            Hillyer, and others, 1820’s to present
those they influenced. J “Anxious                   Tuareg: Sahara Nomads in a Modern             “Kansas Quilts from the Prairie Quilt       day. J “Designing for Victory, 1914-
Objects: Willie Cole’s Favorite Brands”             World” (Jan. 27) Desert living that gen-      Guild” J “Prairie Earth: A                  1945: Posters from the United States
(Jan. 6) Consumer objects transformed               erates distinctive creativity in jewelry,     Collaboration” (Jan. 27).                   Army Heritage and Education Center”
into works that relate to contemporary              clothing, leatherwork, and other                                                          (Feb. 3) Works by Rockwell, Christy,
issues and African and Asian belief                 decorated items.                              Kentucky                                    and Shahn, and by artists from the UK,
systems.                                                                                          Speed Art Museum, J “For Safekeeping:       France, Germany, and Japan. J
                                                    Textile Museum J “Textiles of Klimt’s         The Kentucky Sugar Chest, 1790-1850”        “Making Music: Mechanical Organs”
Colorado                                            Vienna” (Jan. 6) Fabrics, samples,            (Dec. 2) First exhibit ever of chests,      (Feb. 10) Barrel, street, cob, and paper
Fine Arts Center, Colorado Springs J                fabric-covered books and boxes, and           boxes, desks, and related furniture         roll organs. J “75th Annual
“The Eclectic Eye: Pop and Illusion”                furnishings created by artists in the         meant to house the family’s stash of        Cumberland Valley Artists Exhibition”
(Oct. 28) The evolution of Pop art in               Secession movement, Klimt among               that highly prized commodity: sugar.        (Jan. 27) Paintings, drawings, prints,
                                                    them.
Roman, Marble Head of Serapsis, 75-150 C.E. In “The Roman World,” Dayton Art Institute, OH                                                                                                 5
autumnVIEWS continued
    and sculptures in juried exhibition.         Minnesota                                    Wyeth: American Masterworks from the            century. J Through Dec. 23: “Stop.
                                                 Tweed Museum of Art, University of           Mitchell Museum” (Nov. 11) Eakins,              Look. Listen: An Exhibition of Video
    Massachusetts                                Minnesota, Duluth J “Unsoiled:               Cassatt, Hassam, Sergeant, Bellows,             Works” The relationships between sound
    Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston        Nature/Culture Themes in Clay” (Nov.         Henri, Wyeth, and more.                         and image, looking and the body—all
    J “Chiho Aoshima: The Divine Gas”            11) Ceramic artists reflect on the junc-                                                     made in the last 15 years; “Evidence:
    (Nov. 4) New lobby mural depicts giant       ture between our natural and created         New Jersey                                      Documentary Photography at the Turn
    girl in a lush landscape. J “Design Life     environments. J “Archetypes and              Stedman Gallery, Rutgers University,            of the 20th Century” Images from the
    Now: National Design Triennial” (Jan.        Armatures: Sculptures and Drawings by        Camden J “Changing Identity: Recent             beginning of the art: the Civil War to the
    26) Most innovative American design          John Orth” (Nov. 18) Cast, welded, and       Works by Women Artists from Vietnam”            Industrial revolution.
    over the past three years.                   assembled sculptures inspired by             (Nov. 21) A look at Vietnam through the
                                                 machines, everyday objects, and the          eyes of the marginalized and overlooked         Bard Graduate Center, New York City
    Cape Cod Museum of Art, Dennis J             human form; also works on paper, can-        women artists of that country.                  J “Fragile Diplomacy: Meissen
    “A. S. Packer & Suzanne M. Packer:           vas and mixed materials. J “Turkish                                                          Porcelain for European Courts” (Nov.
    Spanning The Years” (Nov. 18)                American Alliance Exhibition” (Dec. 30)      American Labor Museum, Haledon J                15-Feb. 11) The first porcelain produced
    Illustrator father’s work shown with his     A collaborative project with students and    “The Shirts Off Our Backs: Union T-             in Europe at the beginning of the 18th
    artist daughter’s. J “Lillian Orlowsky:      faculty from Turkey.                         Shirt Quilts” (Dec. 31) Quilts created out      century, known as “white gold,” quickly
    The Signature is in the Work” (Nov. 11)                                                   of shirts donated from workers across the       became the perfect gift for August II to
    Joint retrospective with the Province-       Weisman Art Museum, University of            country.                                        give to other royals, such as a dessert
    town Art Association.                        Minnesota, Minneapolis J “Changing                                                           service sent to Empress Elizabeth of
                                                 Hands: Art Without Reservation 2:            Newark Museum J “Mexicana:                      Russia, in 1745, or the toilette service
    DeCordova Museum, Lincoln J                  Contemporary Native North American           Discovering Mexican Popular Arts,               that went to Maria Amalia, the queen of
    Through Jan. 13: “Trainscape:                Art from the West, Northwest and             1919-1950” (Nov. 25) Textiles, glazed           Naples, in 1747. These in turn garnered
    Installations Art for Model Railroads”       Pacific” (Dec.) Three-dimensional            majolica, earthenware pottery, and more.        reciprocal gifts, also included in the
    New England artists create imaginary         objects in classic indigenous forms that                                                     exhibit, such as an amber chess set
    worlds, all connected by an operational      challenge stereotypical notions of Native    New York                                        presented to August II by the King of
    model railroad; “Ricardo Barros: Facing      American art.                                Albany Museum of Art J “The Art of              Prussia.
    Sculpture” Selections from a series of                                                    Fred Marcellino: Illustrator and Writer”
    photographs taken at sculptors’ homes        Missouri                                     (Nov. 4) Survey of a multi-faceted              Grey Art Gallery, New York City J
    and studios; “New Arrivals: Gifts to the     Springfield Art Museum J “I and My           career: from abstract-expressionist             “Geometry of Hope: Latin American
    Permanent Collection” Paintings, draw-       Eye” (Nov. 11) Works from the perma-         painter to rock album illustrator, book         Abstract Art from the Patricia Phelps de
    ings, prints, sculpture, photographs, and    nent collection: self-portraits and other    jacket illustrator, children’s book illustra-   Cisneros Collection” (Dec. 8)
    digital images; “Collection Highlight:       works by the “selfs.”                        tor, and children’s book author. J              Showcasing the history of Abstraction in
    Harriet Casdin-Silver.”                      Nevada                                       Through Dec. 30: “Art and Nature:               the great cities of South America from
                                                 Nevada Museum of Art, Reno J “A              Hudson River School Paintings” Cole,            1930’s to 1970’s: Montevideo, Buenos
    Peabody Essex Museum, Salem J                Tribe of Artists: Costumes and Culture at    Durand, Cropsey, Hart, Inness, Kensett,         Aires, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro,
    “Accidental Mysteries” (Jan. 27) Vintage     Burning Man” (Nov. 11) Life-size photos      and others; “Fabrica: Fiber Constructs by       Caracas, and elsewhere.
    photographs taken for personal use,          and mannequins documenting the               Estelle Kessler Yarinsky” Fabric works
    many containing darkroom mistakes that       Burning Man Art Festival and temporary       that tell the stories of people whose lives     Guggenheim Museum, New York City J
    create interesting outcomes. J “Gateway      community at Nevada’s Black Rock             benefited their communities; “The               “Richard Prince: Spiritual America”
    Bombay” (Dec. 7) Work by artists who         Desert. J “Salt Dreams: Reflections          Helderberg Escarpment: Landscape                (Jan. 9) A look at the past 30 years: early
    either live in or are deeply connected to    from the Downstream West” (Dec. 9)           Photographs by John Yang” Gold-tone             appropriated photos, a photographic
    India’s most populous city. J “Sketched      Photographs that examine the environ-        contact prints taken on a 11”x14” view          series, paintings, and sculptures, which
    at Sea” (Jan. 6) Marine sketchbooks,         mental history of the Salton Sea, the        camera; “The Helderberg Escarpment: A           together review his take on the American
    many on view for the first time.             largest lake in California. J “Nosotros      History of Tourism and Science” A histo-        social landscape. J “Foto: Modernity in
                                                 por Nosotros: Latinos in Nevada Tell         ry of the area known as the Indian              Central Europe, 1918-1945” (Jan. 13)
    Mount Holyoke College Art Museum,            their History” (Oct. 28) Cameras distrib-    Ladder Trail: guidebooks, postcards,            Restoring historical perspective through
    South Hadley J “Two by Two: Lines,           uted to 500 Latinos who were asked to        photographs, prints, broadsides, and            photography taken between the two
    Rhymes, and Riddles” (Dec. 16) Playful       use them to tell their stories show the      paintings; “Full Steam Ahead: Robert            world wars: Lissitzky, Moholy-Nagy,
    collaboration of poetry and drawing by       traditions of the community. J               Fulton and the Age of Steamboats”               Höch, and others. J “Solomon’s Gift:
    brothers Mark (artist) and Brad (poet)       “Yosemite: Art of an American Icon”          Celebrating the 200th anniversary of            The Founding Collection of the
    Leithauser.                                  (Jan. 13) Paintings and photographs:         Fulton’s first voyage; “Iroquois Games          Guggenheim, 1937-1949” (Jan. 1)
                                                 Bierstadt, Adams, Hockney, and others.       and Dances: Paintings by Tom Two                Honoring the museum’s namesake and
    Rose Art Museum, Brandeis                    J “A/Part: Constructions by Jeremy           Arrows” Documentary paintings; “Indian          celebrating the 70th anniversary of the
    University, Waltham J “Tiger by the          Mayer” (Dec. 2) Figurative forms make        Ladder, A Lyric Journey: Photographs by         foundation, over 600 pieces of art have
    Tail! Women Artists of India                 from typewriter parts.                       John Yang” Landscapes and panoramas à           been designated “founding collection”:
    Transforming Culture” (Dec. 14)                                                           la Stieglitz.                                   Delaunay, Kandinsky, Moholy-Nagy,
    Contemporary artists confront feminism,      New Hampshire                                                                                Mondrian, Chagall, Leger, Marc,
    gender, and sexuality in paintings, sculp-   Lamont Gallery, Phillips Exeter              Emerson Gallery, Hamilton College,              Modigliani, Picasso, among many others.
    ture, drawings, photos, and video art,       Academy, Exeter J “RedHOUSE:                 Clinton J “The Best Kind of Life:
    challenging social oppression and gender     Architecture for Art” (Dec. 1) An            Edward W. Root as Teacher, Collector,           International Center of Photography,
    discrimination and providing new             encomium to collectors Frederick and         and Naturalist” (Jan. 6) His contributions      New York City J Through Jan. 6: “This
    models for the empowerment of women.         Jan Mayer and the home built for their       as teacher and pioneering collector of          is War! Robert Capa at Work” Vintage
                                                 collection: Innes, Warhol, Benton,           modern American art. Collateral exhibi-         prints, contact sheets, caption sheets,
    Clark Art Institute, Williamstown J          Sargent, Avery, and others.                  tion at the Munson-Williams-Proctor             handwritten observations, personal let-
    “Consuming Passion: Fragonard’s Allegories                                                Art Institute Museum of Art (NY).               ters, and original magazine layouts;
    of Love” (Jan. 21) A period in life when     Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth                                                                “Gerda Taro” Photojournalist killed after
    the artist focused on romantic love.         College, Hanover J “American Art at          Hyde Collection, Glens Falls J “Natura          first year covering Spanish Civil War
                                                 Dartmouth: Highlights from the Hood          Morta: Still-Life Painting and the Medici       alongside Capa: vintage and modern
    Michigan                                     Museum of Art” (Dec. 9) Largest selec-       Collections” (Nov. 3-Jan. 13) Works cre-        prints, and magazine layouts; “Other
    University of Michigan Museum of             tion of American works ever shown here:      ated in Florence between 1618 and 1720.         Weapons: Photography and Print Culture
    Art, Ann Arbor J “Persian Visions:           paintings, sculpture, silver, and other                                                      During the Spanish Civil War” The prop-
    Contemporary Photography from Iran”          decorative arts to 1950 by the likes of      Hofstra University Museum, Hempstead            aganda of war in magazines, posters, and
    (Dec. 30) Defying stereotypes and intro-     Copley, Gilbert Stuart, Homer, Eakins,       J “American Perspectives 1907-1992”             vintage photos; “Dark Is the Room
    ducing a complex and sophisticated cul-      Remington, and many more. J                  (Dec. 14) Modern art, from Fauvism to           Where We Sleep: A Project by Francesc
    ture that is unknown to most Americans.      “American Works on Paper to 1950:            Abstraction and photo realism: Johns,           Torres” B/W shots of the 2004 opening
                                                 Highlights from the Hood Museum of           Maurer, Mitchell, Rockwell, Rosenquist,         of an unmarked grave outside of Burgos,
    Flint Institute of Arts J “The Art of        Art” (Dec. 9) A complementary exhibi-        Stella, and others.                             Spain where 47 men were killed and
    Collecting” (Dec. 30) Paintings, draw-       tion of drawings, watercolors, prints, and                                                   buried in 1936.
    ings, prints, and sculptures available for   photographs: Audubon, Whistler,              Johnson Museum of Art, Cornell
    purchase from galleries around the coun-     Cassatt, etc.                                University, Ithaca J “Studied Elegance:         Jewish Museum, New York City J
    try in an exhibit intended to encourage                                                   Italian Master Drawings from the Askin          “Levy-Franks Family Portraits” (Dec.
    local collecting.                            Thorne-Sagendorph Art Gallery, Keene         Collection” (Oct. 28) A range of works          31) First two in a three-part series of
                                                 State College, Keene J “From Cassatt to      from the Renaissance through the 18th           Colonial American portraiture that serves
6
as a window into family life in18th-cen-     Illuminations” (Nov. 2-Feb. 24)             “Romanticism to Post Impressionism:              Institute of Contemporary Art,
tury New York. J Through Feb. 3:             Retrospective: drawings, collages,          19th Century German Art from the                 University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
“Isaac Bashevis Singer and the Lower         and sculptural assemblages.                 Milwaukee Art Museum” (Nov. 4)                   J Through Dec. 16.: “Ensemble”
East Side: Photographs by Bruce                                                          Prints, drawings, watercolors, and paint-        Sculptures and installation art that
Davidson” Intimate portraits: the author     George Eastman House, Rochester J           ings—in conjunction with Oktoberfest.            utilize sound: Bertoia, Yoko Ono, and
in his Upper West Side apartment, his        Through Jan. 27: “Lucha Libre! Masked                                                        Pistoletto; “Eileen Neff: Between Us”
haunts on the Lower East Side, and the       Mexican Wrestlers” Photos, taken by         Massillon Museum, Massilon J                     Photographed moments cut out of time
neighborhood almost 20 years later;          Mexican photographers from 1940 to          “Darkrooms in a Digital Age: The Five            and placed in unexpected scenes; “Jay
“Camille Pissarro: Impressions of City       2007, showing the rituals of Lucha          Senses Explored in Photographs” (Nov.            Heikes” Humorous storytelling installa-
and Country” Paintings and works on          Libre, the professional wrestling of        18) Contemporary takes on the human              tion; “Taalman Koch, Fly Thru”
paper, many rarely seen.                     Latin American countries. J “Male &         figure and still lifes.                          Architectural installation: aluminum and
                                             Female: Gender Performed in                                                                  glass pre-fab house and the vinyl window
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York         Photographs from the George Eastman         Southern Ohio Museum, Portsmouth J               treatments that create privacy within.
City J Through Nov. 25: “Excellence          House Collection” Images dating from        “Ohio’s Natural Landscapes: A
and Elegance: Decorative Arts of the         the 19th century to the present showing     Photographic Journey of the Buckeye              Philadelphia Art Alliance J Through
Eighteenth-Century Qing Court”               ways that gender has been presented to      State” (Oct. 27) J “Avant Gardens”               Dec. 30: “SunKoo Yuh: Along the
Porcelain, metalwork, jade, lacquer, and     the camera, exaggerated and stereo-         (Nov. 10-Dec. 29) Contemporary artists           Way” Large scale and small porcelain
textiles; “Incisive Images: Ivory and        typed, ambiguous and deceptive.             look at plants and flowers. J “Christine         sculptures in combination with drawings
Boxwood Carvings, 1450-1800”                                                             Bothwell: Invisible Realities” (Nov. 2-          and sketches; “Tim McFarlane:
Sculptures, reliefs, carved armaments,       Munson-Williams-Proctor Art Institute       Dec. 30) Figurative sculptures of raku           Stratum” Abstract paintings that aim to
and furnishings. J “Coaxing the Spirits      Museum of Art, Utica J “Auspicious          and cast glass.                                  catch random formations as they shift in
to Dance: Art of the Papuan Gulf” (Dec.      Vision: Edward Wales Root and                                                                and out of focus; “Catherine Gontarek:
2) Sacred objects and historical photos.     American Modernism” (Jan. 27) Held in       Zanesville Art Center J “The Hand of             Falling Upstairs” Paintings and collages
J “Drawings and Prints from Holland’s        conjunction with the Emerson Gallery        Toshiko Takaezu” (Jan. 1) Ceramics               that suggest latent aspects of the familiar.
Golden Age: Highlights from the              (NY), this exhibition celebrates the 50th   from the artist’s and other private collec-
Collection” (Dec. 17) Rembrandt,             anniversary of Root’s bequest to the        tions. J “Vivian Ripley: Light and               Philadelphia Museum of Art J “Bosch
Ruisdael, Cuyp, and more. J                  museum.                                     Color” (Nov. 4) Landscape paintings              and Bruegel in the John G. Johnson
“Impressed by Light: British                                                             and drawings. J “Ohio Art League Fall            Collection” (Nov. 23) B & B and their
Photographs from Paper Negatives,            North Carolina                              Exhibition” (Dec. 2).                            followers. J “Notations: Kiefer, Polke,
1840-1860” (Dec. 30) Calotypes, an art       Mint Museums, Charlotte J At the Mint                                                        Richter” (Nov. 25) Postwar European
form in the 1850’s. J Through Jan. 6:        Museum of Craft + Design: “Point of         Oklahoma                                         painters. J “Tibetan Ritual Arts” (Nov.
“The Age of Rembrandt: Dutch                 View IV: Windgate Charitable                Gilcrease Museum, Tulsa J “1776-                 30) Textiles, prints, paintings, sculpture,
Paintings in the Metropolitan Museum         Foundation” (Dec. 2) American,              1876: A Century of American History in           and a Tibetan-Buddhist altar. J “The
of Art” First-ever showing of the entire     Japanese, and European acquisitions in      Art” (Dec. 31) Portraits and historic            Book of War: The Free Library of
collection, considered the finest outside    ceramic, fiber, glass, metal, and wood.     scenes used to immortalize individuals           Philadelphia’s Mughal Razmnama
Europe; “Tapestry in the Baroque:                                                        and commemorate events.                          Folios” (Dec. 9) Illustrated pages from a
Threads of Splendor” Made in Brussels,       Nasher Museum of Art, Duke                                                                   Mughal manuscript dated 1598-99, on
Paris, London, Florence, Rome, and           University, Durham J Through Jan. 6:        Oregon                                           view for the first time since 1923. J
Munich between 1590 and 1720. J              “States of Mind: Dan and Lia                Museum of Contemporary Craft,                    “Renoir Landscapes: 1865-1883” (Jan.
“Abstract Expressionism and Other            Perjovschi” Mid-career retrospective of     Portland J “Eden Revisited: The                  6) The plein-air and Barbizon paintings
Modern Works: The Muriel Kallis              well known Romanian artists; “New at        Ceramic Art of Kurt Weiser” (Jan.) Mid-          many of which appeared in the
Steinberg Newman Collection in the           the Nasher” Contemporary works              career survey, 1970’s to the present.            Impressionist exhibition of 1874. J
Metropolitan Museum of Art” (Feb. 3)         acquired in recent years. “Barkley L.                                                        Through Jan. 31: “Alfred Stieglitz and
J “Bridging East and West: The Chinese       Hendricks: Birth of the Cool” (February     Pennsylvania                                     the Philadelphia Museum of Art” A wide
Diaspora and Lin Yutang” (Feb. 10)           7, 2008) First career retrospective.        Allentown Art Museum J “Rhythmic                 range of photographs; “Antonio Mancini
Painting and calligraphies by leading                                                    Coils: Sweetgrass Baskets by Debora              and the Vance Jordan Collection” 19th-
Chinese artists of the mid-20th century.     Greenville Museum of Art J “Leland          Muhl” Asymmetrical coiled grass and              century Italian artist’s paintings and pas-
                                             Wallin: Child’s Tables: Reflections on      free-form constructions.                         tels. J “Particulars of Place: Photo
Museum of Modern Art, New York City          the Adult World” (Nov. 4) Groupings of                                                       Portfolios from the Collection” (Nov. 4)
J Through Nov. 5: “Present Tense:            toys on canvas.                             Lehigh University Art Galleries,                 Series of prints by six artists.
Photographs by JoAnn Verburg”                                                            Bethlehem J “Michael A. Smith:
Composed and “found” still lifes, por-       Waterworks Visual Arts Center,              Tuscany” (Nov. 21) B/W gelatin silver            Print Center, Philadelphia J “Black
traits, and landscapes, frequently in dip-   Salisbury J Through Nov. 3: “Discover       prints. J “Vernacular to the Masters:            Pulse: 2000-2007” (Nov. 21) Twins
tych and triptych formats; “Repicturing      Craft NC” Works from the Governor’s         Photography of the Anonymous and the             Doug & Mike Starn’s constructions that
the Past/Picturing the Present” Late 19th    executive mansion; “Sculptural Books”       Celebrated” (Nov. 14-Jan. 27) Images of          combine photography, painting and
century to the present: artists explore      Visual records of the artist’s life and     the everyday from the collection. J              sculpture, art and science, reality and
contemporary issues and personalize          work; “Carnival” Ceramic installation of    “Lehigh Art Alliance: Annual Juried              metaphor, nature and technology.
historical subjects. J “New Photography      amusement park pastimes; “Wind              Exhibition” (Dec. 14) Mixed media by
2007: Tanyth Berkeley, Scott McFarland,      Instruments” Steel interacts with the       regional artists.                                Carnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburgh J
Berni Searle” (Jan. 1) Latest installment    environment in this outdoor sculpture.                                                       Through Jan. 13: “On a Grand Scale:
of the annual fall showing of contempo-                                                  Trout Gallery, Dickinson College,                The Hall of Architecture at 100” Plaster
rary photography highlighting less           Ohio                                        Carlisle J “Changing Places: The Army,           architectural casts that Andrew Carnegie
familiar artists and their accomplish-       Akron Art Museum J “Women at an             The Indians, and Carlisle Barracks”              created specifically for this space; draw-
ments. J Through Jan. 7: “Georges            Exhibition” (Nov. 9) Images of women        (Jan. 27) Historic photographs,                  ings, period photographs, antique molds
Seurat: The Drawings” Conté crayon           by artists such as Chase, Close, Evans,     weapons, and equipment illustrating              from which the casts were made; and
drawings on handmade textured paper          Levitt, and Stieglitz with sounds of        U.S. Army operations at Carlisle                 correspondence with Rodin and Saint-
that predict 20th-century art and abstrac-   women singing in the background. J          Barracks. J “A Kiowa’s Odyssey: A                Gaudens; “Picturing Childhood:
tion; “Focus: Alexander Calder” Early        “Picturing the African American             Sketchbook from Ft. Marion” (Jan. 12)            Pictorialist Family Photography, c.
wire sculptures and mobiles created          Experience: Children’s Book                 Drawings by a Native American cap-               1890-1940” Family life in Pittsburgh by
between the 1920’s and ’40’s. J “Martin      Illustrations by Kadir Nelson” (Jan. 6)     tured during the Plains Wars, transported        three city photographers: Spencer,
Puryear” (Jan. 14) Retrospective: wood       Historic figures and contemporary folk      to Florida, and imprisoned for years at          Breed, and Munhall. J “Rachel
sculptures of forms derived from every-      tales. J Through Jan. 27: “Masumi           Fort Marion.                                     Whiteread” (Jan. 20) First installment of
day objects.                                 Hayashi, Meditations: Two Pilgrimages”                                                       large-scale sculpture that was cast from
                                             Memorial exhibition explores the artist’s   Westmoreland Museum of American                  an interior staircase of a 3-story, 18th-
Pelham Art Center J “Twist & Shout:          Japanese heritage; “Close to Home:          Art, Greensburg J “Holiday Toy and               century building. J Through Jan. 21:
The New Needle Arts” (Nov. 2) Works          Watercolors by William Sommer and           Train Exhibition” (Jan. 20) Both antique         “Associated Artists of Pittsburgh 97th
by artists who have revolutionized the       Raphael Gleitsmann” Northeast Ohio in       and modern.                                      Annual Exhibition” Juried survey exhi-
traditional techniques of embroidery,        the 1930’s and ’40’s. J “American                                                            bition; “Popular Salon of the People:
needlepoint, cross stitch, Knitting, and     Chronicles: The Art of Norman               Lancaster Museum of Art J “28th                  Associated Artists of Pittsburgh
crocheting.                                  Rockwell” (Feb. 3) Rarely circulated        Pennsylvania Watercolor Society                  Annuals, 1910-2006” Historical survey
                                             original pieces.                            International Exhibit” (Oct. 28)                 of artists who have participated in past
Loeb Art Center, Vassar College,                                                         Showcasing the many techniques                   annual juried shows. J “Designed to Be
Poughkeepsie J “Saul Steinberg:              Taft Museum of Art, Cincinnati J            and materials used.                              Lit” (Feb. 10) Lighting objects, from

                                                                                                             Edgar Matisse, The Serpentine. In “Matisse,” Baltimore Museum of Art, MD   7
    autumnVIEWS continued
    18th century candlesticks to Modernist     McNay Art Museum, San Antonio J             Piedmont Arts Association, Martinsville          to Asian Pacific Americans.
    aluminum lamps.                            “Once Upon a Stage: Fairy Tales and         J Through Dec. 28: “A Soldier’s Life:
                                               Other Childhood Favorites from the          Selections from the Charles J. Brown             Jundt Art Museum, Gonzaga
    Frick Art & Historical Center,             Tobin Collection” (Dec. 31) Designs for     Trust” Miniature hand-painted figures;           University, Spokane J “Robert Sperry”
    Pittsburgh J “From J.P. Morgan to          musical theater including scale models,     “Lori Nix: Photographs” Work that                (Nov. 17) Ceramic plates from private
    Henry Clay Frick” (Feb. 3) Parallel col-   costumes, and drawings inspired by          blends truth and illusion.                       collections.
    lecting by the two men with select         children’s stories and historic legends.
    acquisitions displayed together for the                                                Chrysler Museum of Art, Norfolk J                Wisconsin
                                               J “Mexico and Modern Printmaking: A                                                          Kenosha Public Museum J “Tales and
    first time.                                Revolution in the Graphic Arts, 1920 to     “Barton Myers: Norfolk Visionary”
                                                                                           (Dec. 30) Objects and images that high-          Legends: Oriental Ivory Sculpture”
    Mattress Factory, Pittsburgh J “India:     1950” (Jan. 6) Rare prints and posters                                                       (Dec. 31) Carvings, many from 17th-
                                               from the period following the Mexican       light the life of one of Norfolk’s may-
    New Installations Part I” (Nov. 25)                                                    ors. J Through Jan. 6: “The Secret               18th centuries, depicting Chinese myths
    Works created on-site by artists from      Revolution. J “Homer to Hockney:                                                             and legends dating back to 2697
                                               Fifty Master Drawings and Watercolors       Lives of Frames: 100 Years of Art and
    India.                                                                                                                                  B.C.E.; Ivory Head of PU’-SA (1368-
                                               from the McNay Collection” (Jan. 21)        Artistry from the Lowry Collection”
                                                                                                                                            1643) is the centerpiece. J Through
    South Carolina                             Work from the last two centuries:           Antique frames from the 16th through             Nov. 4: “Eric Houghton—Kenosha
    Columbia Museum of Art J “Seeing           Homer, Seurat, O’Keeffe, Marin,             20th centuries; “Cecil Beaton:                   Stories” A personal, historical, and
    Ourselves: Masterpieces of American        Picasso, Twombly, Jacquette, and            Photographs from the National Portrait           mystical look at the city through time;
    Photography from the George Eastman        Hockney, among others.                      Gallery” Portraits of Audrey Hepburn,            “Lois Mogensen Edge to Edge—A
    House Collection” (Jan. 6) 150 years of                                                Marlon Brando, Marilyn Monroe, and               Retrospective” Prints, drawings, and
    American life: Stieglitz, Weston, Adams,   Victoria Regional Museum J Through          many others.                                     paintings.
    Avedon, and Parks, among others.           Nov. 18: “Painted Memory: Fidencio
                                               Durán” Works by rural Texas painter,        Art Museum, Radford University,                  Charles Allis Art Museum, Milwaukee
    Tennessee                                  printmaker, and muralist; “Oaxacan          Radford J “SI-LA-GI: New Art from                J “The Permanent Collection: Works
    Knoxville Museum of Art J “Jun             Sand Paintings by Santa Barraza and         Hungary” (Nov. 10) Artist and film-              on Paper” (Dec. 9) International selec-
    Kaneko” (Nov. 11) Monumental ceram-        Eloy Jimenez” Life-size installation in     maker creates positive energy;                   tion of lithographs, prints, and etchings.
    ic sculptures, some weighing over 1000     the tradition of El Dia de los Muertos      “Bucharest Modernism” (Nov. 28) Pre-             J “Wisconsin Masters Series: H.S.
    pounds, by sculptor who combines           (Day of the Dead).                          war Romanian art and design. J                   Moynihan (1902-1994)” (Dec. 16-Jan.
    Japanese traditions with American                                                      “Silenzio: Etchings from the Veneto”             20) Still-life, portraits, and landscapes.
    abstract glaze patterns.                   Utah                                        (Dec. 20) Work by Livio Ceschin. J               J “Wisconsin Masters Series: Charles
                                               Brigham Young University Museum,            “In the Fullness of Light: Janet Fish”           Dix (1940-2005)” (Dec. 10-Jan. 28)
    Brooks Museum of Art, Memphis J            Provo J “Cliché and Collusion: Video        (Nov. 2-28) Artist associated with               Images of unknown planets.
    “Pissarro: Creating the Impressionist      Works by Grant Stevens” (Feb. 9) 12         Photo-Realist movement. J “Vetro e
    Landscape” (Jan. 3) The transformation     video installations that explore the lan-   Verita” (Nov. 16) Contemporary Italian           Villa Terrace Decorative Arts Museum,
    from traditional landscapes to             guage and communication of popular          photography and Murano glass.                    Milwaukee J “Celestial Images:
    Impressionism                              culture with successive flashes of white                                                     Antiquarian Astronomical Charts and
    .                                          text on black screens that draw atten-      University of Richmond Museums J At
                                                                                           the Robins Gallery of Design from                Maps from the Mendillo Collection”
    Frist Center for the Visual Arts,          tion to the meaningless nature of popu-                                                      (Nov. 11) A time, a Golden Age of
    Nashville J “The Société Anonyme:          lar communication. J “Splendor and          Nature: “Castings in Contemporary
                                                                                           Ceramics” (Dec. 16) Works that address           astronomical charts, when simple sys-
    Modernism for America” (Feb. 3)            Spectacle: Images of Dance from Court                                                        tems explained the universe; some of
    Selections from America’s first “experi-   Ballet to Broadway” (Jan. 1) The evolu-     personal and social issues. J “The
                                                                                           Inner Eye: Folk Art of India from the            the world’s earliest artistic images, illus-
    mental museum,” a society founded by       tion of ballet in prints and objects of                                                      trations of the cosmologies and heaven-
    Katherine Dreier with Duchamp and          art. J “Some Want It All: Video Works       William and Ann Oppenhimer
                                                                                           Collection” (Dec. 2) Drawings of daily           ly phenomena that entered a new phase
    Man Ray: works by Duchamp, Ernst,          by Grant Stevens” (Feb. 9) Flashing                                                          during the Renaissance. J “A Stitch in
    Stella, Kandinsky, Klee, Leger,            text, film clips, and audio monologues      life in rural India. J At the Harnett
                                                                                           Museum of Art: “Figures of Thinking:
                                                                                                                                            Time: 18th and 19th Century Children’s
    Mondrian, Schwitters, Albers, and oth-     in a series of video installations.                                                          Samplers” (Jan. 12) Needlework used to
    ers. J “Life’s Pleasures: The Ashcan                                                   Convergences in Contemporary
                                                                                                                                            instruct and entertain children.
    Artists’ Brush with Leisure, 1895-1925”    Salt Lake Art Center J “SF Recycled”        Culture” (Feb. 10) Contemporary
    (Oct. 28) Henri, Bellows, Luks, Shinn,     (Jan 26) Art created from materials col-    women artists question the differences           Kohler Arts Center, Sheboygan J
    Sloan, and others look at American pas-    lected at the recycling center in San       and commonalities in identity. J “Artist         Through Jan: “Sublime Spaces &
    times at the turn of the 20th century.     Francisco. J “Masters of West Coast         at Work: The Art and Commerce of J.J.            Visionary Worlds: Built Environments
                                               Assemblage and Collage” (Jan. 26)           Lankes” (Dec. 9) Book illustrator, best          of Vernacular Artists” Large scale mul-
    Texas                                      Master artists’ work serve as inspiration   known for woodcut prints. J At the               tifaceted works originally created in
    Dallas Museum of Art J Through Nov.        for the younger generation of “SF           Harnett Print Study Center: “‘Of                 artist’s homes, yards, or other available
    18: “A Tribute to Pauline Gill Sullivan”   Recycled.”                                  Human Bondage’: Etchings by John                 spaces; “James Tellen: Messages in the
    Rarely seen European and American                                                      Sloan Illustrating W. Somerset                   Woods” Concrete figurative sculptures;
    paintings, including work by Cassatt,      Virginia                                    Maugham’s Novel” (Feb. 16)                       “Fred Smith: Not Just Another
    Sisley, Manet, and Pissarro, donated to    University of Virginia Art Museum,                                                           Roadside Attraction” Sculpture park.
                                               Charlottesville J Through Oct. 28:          Virginia Museum of Fine Arts,
    the museum by Sullivan, or on loan                                                     Richmond J “Mystery” (Dec. 30) The
    from the collection; “Lone Star Legacy:    “Photography from the Collection”                                                            Woodson Art Museum, Wausau J “Big
                                               Hollywood portraits, street photogra-       strange and inexplicable in art. J “The
    The Barrett Collection of Early Texas                                                  First Impressionist: Eugéne Bodin”               Red: Carved in Stone” (Nov.) Sculptors
    Art” J “When Gold Blossoms: Indian         phy, landscape, and new acquisitions;                                                        transform massive pieces of locally
                                               “Arshile Gorky: Drawings, The Early         (Jan. 28) Paintings and drawings by a
    Jewelry from the Susan L. Beningson                                                    Monet mentor.                                    quarried granite into art. J “Birds in
    Collection” (Jan. 27) Jewelry from         Years” Work from the late 1920’s-                                                            Art” (Nov. 11) A variety of painting
    South India.                               1930’s, when the artist was influenced      Washington                                       styles focus on a variety of birds. J
                                               by Miró, Cézanne, and Picasso. J            Henry Art Gallery, Seattle J “An-My              Through Jan. 27: “Rivers, Sea and
    Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth J          Through Dec. 23: “William                   Lê: Small Wars” (Nov. 4) Photos, taken           Shore: American Reflections on Water”
    “Declaring Space” (Dec. 30) Abstract       Christenberry: Site/Possession”             in Virginia, of reenactments of Vietnam          Study of life on the water: ship portraits
    painting and its evolution seen through    Drawings, many rarely exhibited             battles, and shots of a California train-        and seascapes, seaside towns, riverboats
    the work of Rothko, Klein, Newman,         before, and how they form the basis and     ing camp that prepares soldiers for              and barges, and more; “Sailing
    and Fontana.                               inspiration for all his other work; also    tours in Iraq and Afghanistan. J                 Wisconsin’s Blue Jewel: Photographs
                                               paintings, photographs, constructions,      “Rebeca Bollinger: Fields” (Nov. 11)             by Bruce Thompson” Images of classic
    Rice Gallery, Houston J “Kirsten           dream buildings, and the Klan Room
    Hassenfeld: New Installation” (Dec. 9)                                                 Random digital images of the artist’s            boats on Lake Geneva. J
                                               Tableau; “The Dresser Trunk Project”        surroundings scroll across a video
    Six- to eight-foot structures resembling   Display trunks designed by architects
    gigantic droplets draped in gem-like                                                   screen. J “Viewfinder” (Dec. 30)
                                               across the country, telling stories of      Photos, videos, installation, prints, and
    forms.                                     places of refuge during segregation;        paintings that suggest that we see the
    Michelson Museum of Art, Marshall J        photographs, maps, hotel registers, and     world photographically and that artists
    “Rooted in Tradition: Art Quilts from      computer-generated models; “What a          assimilate that fact as they create.
    the Rocky Mountain Quilt Museum”           Family!” What constitutes family in
                                               various cultures, today and in the past.    Wing Luke Asian Museum, Seattle J
    (Nov. 18-Jan. 20)
                                                                                           “How the Soy Sauce was Bottled:
    Noel Art Museum, Odessa J “The Art         Danville Museum of Fine Arts &              Uncommon Stories of Common
    of Fashion: What Women Wore,               History J “A Celebration of Rural           Objects” (Nov. 30) New works inspired
    1760–1960” (Dec. 30) Vintage fashion       America” (Oct. 28) Works by Wood,           and influenced by artifacts, photos, and
    from the Steven Porterfield collection.    Benton, Grant, Nesbitt, Davenport.          documents in the collection, all relating
8
                                                                                                           Anzola Fuga, Butterfly Vase. In “Vetro e Verita,” Radford University Art Museum, VA
NEWSBRIEFS                 continued from page 3

“The Content,” or collections in the historic
house environment; and in 2009 (Jan 26), “The
                                                      Curatorial Leadership Sought                                       lottery had another opportunity to borrow: art-
                                                                                                                         works that remained unclaimed by the end of the
Container,” the house itself and the surrounding          A Center for Curatorial Leadership was                         day were distributed to students the next day on a
site and landscape.                                   formed by Agnes Gund, president emerita of the                     first-come basis. Bleary-eyed hopefuls appeared
    The 2008 session will tackle standards and        Museum of Modern Art, and Elizabeth Easton,                        outside the gallery early the next morning for a
fresh thinking on the content of historic house       former chairwoman of the European paintings                        second chance to acquire, if only temporarily, a
museums: the collections and the house “works,”       department at the Brooklyn Museum, to train                        work of art.
with special emphasis on the care of domestic tex-    prospective museum directors. “There is clearly a
tiles and the choice of appropriate lighting with a   need of an                                                                   40th Anniversary
                                                      organization to
view toward shedding 21st-century solutions.
                                                      teach curators                                                               Spells Free Days
“Better-than-ever”                                    to embrace the                                                                   The Museum of Contemporary
Guggenheim in the Works                               larger adminis-
                                                      trative concerns
                                                                                                                                   Art (IL) celebrated its 40th anniversary
                                                                                                                                   by inviting the public to enjoy 40 Free
    After two years of assessing the condition of
                                                      of museums                                                                   Days, 40 days without admission.
Frank Lloyd Wright’s 1959 Guggenheim
                                                      across the                                                                   During the free days the museum pre-
Museum building, the Guggenheim Foundation
                                                      country,” says                                                               sented the usual program of events:
announced that “The exterior and infrastructure
                                                      Ms. Easton.                                                                  exhibitions, concerts, family programs,
will be restored, requiring only limited structural
                                                          Based in                                                                 store and membership giveaways, and
interventions.” Thomas Krens, director of the
                                                      Manhattan, and                                                               opportunities for the public to engage
foundation said: “Our team of leading experts in
                                                      financed with                                                                with artists.
the field of landmark restoration and preservation
                                                      $500,000 a
formulated a methodology—using the latest tech-
                                                      year by Ms.
niques and materials unavailable to Wright in the
1950’s—to undertake the restoration….”
                                                      Gund, the cen-                                                               New Gallery Shows
    With a total budget reaching $29 million, the
                                                      ter will operate                                                             New Collection
                                                      through December 2009. Money will go toward
restoration team projects a completion date by
                                                      curators expenses (especially those from out-of-                       The new Baron and Ellin Gordon Art
late spring of 2008.
                                                      NYC venues) and professors’ salaries (they will                    Galleries at Old Dominion University (VA)
                                                                                                                         opened to the public in September, exhibiting
AMM Joins                                             come from Manhattan business schools).
                                                          Ten curators a year will receive four weeks of                 for the first time a portion of the 300-item Baron
Federal Grant Coalition                               instruction during a six-month period, a residency                 and Ellin Gordon Self-Taught Art Collection.
                                                                                                                         “Collective Wisdom”: will continue through the
    At a summer board meeting the Association         at an institution other than the curator’s employ-
of Midwest Museums voted to join the Federal          er, and a six-month mentorship. Directors of                       summer of 2008. The collection of 20th- and
Formula Grant Coalition, a program that is pursu-     institutions from across the country have offered                  21st-century American folk art, donated by the
ing a new initiative to provide federal formula       to serve as hosts to participants.                                 Gordons, is counted among a handful of top
grants for museums. The program is administered                                                                          collections in the world of recent American art by
by the states and is modeled after a similar pro-     Rappaport                                                          self-trained artists. It is the largest ever received
                                                                                                                         by the university—pieces by more than 70 artists
gram for libraries. According to AMM’s newslet-
ter Newsbrief, efforts by the Coalition, the
                                                      Prize Winner Announced                                             include paintings, sculptures, jugs, canes, and
                                                          The DeCordova Museum and Sculpture                             carvings.
American Association of Museums, and the
                                                      Park (MA) announced that Boston-based artist                           Gordon Galleries Director Katherine Huntoon
Institute of Museum and Library Services are
                                                      Maria Magdalena Campos-Pons has won the                            faces the challenge of building academic study
underway to attempt to gain an increase of fund-
                                                      Rappaport Prize, which is a collaborative initia-                  around a collection of works by self-taught
ing for museums during the reauthorization of the
                                                      tive of the Jerome Lyle Rapport Charitable                         artists: “This presents stimulating opportunities
IMLS in 2009.
                                                      Foundation and the museum. The prize is                            for pedagogical research and for recontextualiz-
                                                      $25,000, one of the largest awards in New                          ing contemporary art.” She sees the potential for
                                                      England.                                                           scholarly investigation of the collection from
                                                          Campos-Pons uses aspects of personal                           many perspectives; sociology, anthropology, psy-
                                                      and collective memories to reflect on her own                      chology, African American studies, American his-
                                                      heritage as a woman of Nigerian descent, now                       tory, Southern studies, religion, folklore, wom-
                                                      exiled from Cuba and living as a black woman                       ens’ studies, and more.
                                                      in North America.                                                      Says essayist and gallery owner (NY) Randall
                                                                                                                         Morris about the Gordon Collection: “We take
                                                      Popular Student Loan Art                                           for granted that we are looking at art, but there
                                                      Program Continues                                                  are no ‘movements’ in this art, no ‘art about art,’
                                                                                                                         and yet these works participate fully in the expe-
                                                          The MIT List Visual Arts Center (MA) pre-                      rience that is art. They are a form of communica-
                                                      sented its annual Student Loan Art Program                         tion to be perceived and interpreted and in the
                                                      Exhibition and Lottery in September. The exhibi-                   process evoke the experience that is art. They
                                                      tion, free to both students and the general public,                provide us with profound insights on the human
                                                      featured some 400 framed prints and photographs                    condition. Each of these works convey to us the
                                                      by leading modern and contemporary artists.                        essence of the culture in which they were pro-
                                                      During the exhibition, students were given the                     duced and the substance of the shared human
                                                      opportunity to select up to three works to borrow                  experience. Within every narrative whimsy, there
                                                      for the school year for display in their living                    exists profound meaning, and within the narrowly
                                                      spaces. A random lottery then assigned work to                     personal, there are universalizing truths.
                                                      the students. Selected students receive one of                         “Aside from the sheer visual pleasure these
                                                      their three choices for the duration of the aca-                   objects provide, there is much more to be consid-
                                                      demic year.                                                        ered…. The artist typically uses the work to
                                                          Students who do not receive art through the                    convey meaning—in a very personal fashion:
                                                                                                                         preaching, warning, remembering, seducing,
                                                      Above: George B. Luks, Edward W. Root, 1909. Oil on canvas.
                                                      In “The Best Kind of Life,” Emerson Gallery, NY                    or protecting….
                                                      Left: SunKoo Yuh, Family Union (detail), 2007. Glazed porcelain.       “There is genius here….” J
                                                      In “SunKoo Yuh,” Philadelphia Art Alliance, PA
                                                                                                                                                                                 9
     FRAME GAME            continued from page 4
                                                              abstraction and adherence to the traditions of
                                                              illusion and representation (“Art and Illusion: A
                                                                                                                                 • As the home theater experience becomes ever-
                                                                                                                                 more sophisticated, and ultimately more private,
     “The exchanges are not like a one-day sympo-             Study in the Psychology of Pictorial                               museums will have to offer more sophisticated
     sium. What is produced is different from what            Representation,” 1960), Varnedoe’s thesis sets                     possibilities for group and individual consump-
     any one of us would have done on our own. You            out to prove the value, and history, of abstract art tion and reinforce the importance of experiencing
     meet people whose approaches are different, so           through the half century following the death of                    an original work of art firsthand.
     you end up doing something completely new. It’s          Jackson Pollock.                                                                                                   • Museums
     immersion in a very dynamic way.”                            He propos-                                                                                                     will need to
        The Rohatyn group, although beleaguered               es that history                                                                                                    address the
     with requests from museums in England,                   of abstract art                                                                                                    increased
     Germany, and Belgium to join, stands with                was not an                                                                                                         customization
     France alone—a cultural link between the two             undifferentiat-                                                                                                    of the media
     countries. J                                             ed series of                                                                                                       experience
                                                              nay-sayings or                                                                                                     (“on demand”
                                                              calls away
     BOOK REVIEW                                              from order, but
                                                                                  Wendy Richmond, Museum. Video loop. In “Public Privacy,” Museum of Photographic Arts, CA       TV, custom
                                                                                                                                                                             online music
                                                              rather it was a series of unique and individual                    channels) as well as the continuing interest in the
     PICTURES OF                                              inventions imbedded in the history of the times,                   “blockbuster.”
                                                              much the same as the history of illusion since the • Museums will need to fit into the pattern of
     NOTHING: ABSTRACT                                        Renaissance. He wants to show, says Gopnick in
                                                              his preface, that “like the history of representa-
                                                                                                                                 overscheduled people, both adults and children,

               ART                                            tion, the real history of abstract painting shows
                                                              the continuous evolution of a new language for
                                                                                                                                 by offering “on demand” availability while also
                                                                                                                                 offering a place that fosters relaxation and

               SINCE                                                                                                             winding down.
                                                              art that, through the slow growth and accretion of • Museums will have to face the fact that young
                                                              symbolic meaning—so that a splash might come
               POLLOCK                                        to suggest freedom, and a scrawl the Self—
                                                              would capture truths about the world, and about
                                                                                                                                 people are developing habits that involve short
                                                                                                                                 attention spans while at the same time (through
                                                                                                                                 video games) are also developing skills in
                                       “A  bstract art is a   modern existence. This language might be coded                     extended focus, attention, and reflection.
                                   symbolic game, and it      and ‘corrected,’ changed, in ways very different
                                   is akin to all human
                                                                                                                                 • Museums will need to attend to the fact that
                                                              from the ways that the Renaissance language of                     ethnic and African American groups seek out
                                   games: you have to         art had been changed and corrected, but it was in cultural events that celebrate their heritage.
     get into it, risk and all, and this takes a certain      other ways continuous with that language, or to
     act of faith. But what kind of faith? Not faith in                                                                          • Museums will have to recognize that young
                                                              its underlying assumptions about the role of art,                  people increasingly are expecting things provid-
     absolutes, not a religious kind of faith. A faith in     and susceptible to the same kind of historical                     ed to them free of charge.
     possibility, a faith not that we will know some-         criticism and reasoning.”
     thing finally, but a faith in not knowing, a faith in                                                                       • Museums will have to realize that multitasking
                                                                  From Pollock through the minimalists, the con-                 (text messaging while viewing a work of art) and
     our ignorance, a faith in our being confounded           structivists, the modernists and the post-modernists, instant communication (cell phones) are a fact of
     and dumbfounded, a faith fertile with possible           the pop artists, the earth artists, and finally the con-
     meaning and growth.                                                                                                         life and lift strictures on cell phones and cameras
                                                              summate minimalist Richard Serra, it is said that                  in order to keep their audiences engaged.
         “From this field of not knowing, from our            Varnedoe’s brilliantly yet un-academic narrative
     ignorance, from our dumbfoundedness and dis-                                                                                • Museums will need to provide for another form
                                                              transported listeners at the National Gallery. This                of multitasking—the “all-in-one” experience:
     orientation, artists get us into the history of our      volume had the same effect on this reviewer.
     culture, make our culture go….They produce our                                                                              shopping while having coffee, viewing art while
     fresh understanding of the world of culture as                                                                              gambling at the casino—by expanding the range
     separate from nature, as separate from the clock
     of events in the rest of history….In this I have
                                                              OVERCOMING                                                         of offerings under its one roof—performing arts,
                                                                                                                                 film, dining, shopping.
     faith….I believe in abstract art….”
         With these and a few more incandescent
                                                              THRESHOLD                                                          • As habits of “joining” shift, museums will need
                                                                                                                                 to offer more flexible options for affiliation—
     words, Kurt Varnedoe ended his series of six
     A.W. Mellon lectures which he called “Pictures
                                                              RESISTANCE                                                         revamping the volunteer program, the member-
                                                                                                                                 ship.
     of Nothing: Abstract Art Since Pollock,” deliv-                “T   hreshold Resistance is the title given to               • Museums will need to capture and hold the
     ered in 2003 at the National Gallery of Art in           the memoirs of A. Alfred Taubman, alumnus and                      interest of its well-heeled visitors who define
     Washington, DC. They were to be Varnedoe’s               benefactor of the University of Michigan, and a                    themselves through cosmopolitanism and cultural
     final brilliant accomplishment. He died three            leader in the development of retail environments. consumption by providing multidimensional,
                                                              The title refers to consumer reluctance to passing cosmopolitan, and cultural activities. J
     months later after a long fought battle with
                                                              through the entrance of a retail shop—threshold
     cancer.
                                                              resistance. Director of the University of
         The lectures, given extemporaneously and             Michigan Museum of Art James Christen
     transcribed verbatim with minimal editing,               Stewart, on reading the book, reacts: “I was
     together with a preface by his friend and co-            immediately struck by the applicability of this
     author Adam Gopnick, and many reproductions              concept to museums: what resistances must we
     from slides shown during the talks, were put             overcome in convincing the public to overcome
     together with the same title, Pictures of Nothing:       their ‘threshold resistance’ in order to have a
     Abstract Art Since Pollock, at the Princeton             museum experience?”
     University Press and published in 2006. They                 In his director’s notes for the museum’s pub-
     were the coda on a celebrated career as chief            lication Insight, he lists some changes in society
     curator of the department of painting and sculp-         that he and his team have had to contemplate
     ture at the Museum of Modern Art, then                   during the construction of the museum’s new
     Professor at the School of Historical Studies at         wing—to make it threshold irresistible.
     the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton            • As more and more Americans commute alone,
     (NJ), and teacher at the Institute of Fine Arts in       live alone, work out alone, even walk alone (iso-
     New York.                                                lated by their head-phones), a museum could
         A response to one of his Mellon predecessors,        play an important role in both respecting solitary-                 Camille Pissarro, The Corner of the Route de Versailles and the
                                                                                                                                  Chemin de l’Aqueduc, Louveciennes, c. 1896. In “Pissarro,”
     Austrian-English art historian E.H. Gombrich,            habits and in fostering social networking and                       Brooks Museum of Art, TN
     whose treatise was based on a rejection of               participation.
10
 NOTES ABOUT ARTISTS                                            continued from page 1


      Using a combination of representational          ed to London’s Royal College of Art, the             Moccasin has been seen at festivals worldwide,
and abstract images, Smith confronts such sub-         University of Kansas, and Temple University.         and her video The Shirt was shown at the 2003
jects as the environment, Native land rights,          His public projects draw attention to living         Venice Biennale.
government oppression of Native cultures, and          native culture and the impact of history on the
the domination of Euro-American culture. The           contemporary relationships between native and
artistic influences in her life, besides traditional   mainstream cultures. These works frequently          JUDITH LOWRY
American Indian art, are such as Picasso, Klee,        make use of native symbols combined with the         (Maidu/Hamowi Band
Rauschenberg, Miro, and Kandinsky.                     form and language of today’s public culture—         Pit River/Washo)
      She is, she says, “a harbinger, a mediator,      signage, billboards, buses, and more. He is best        I n addition to her
and a bridge builder. My art, my life experience,      known for his text messages that comment on          Native descendants, Lowry
and my tribal ties are totally enmeshed. I go          social and political subjects.                       claims Scottish/
from one community with messages to the other,              Recently, Heap of Birds has been conduct-       Irish and Australian her-
and I try to enlighten people.”                        ing research into the similarities of icons used     itage as well. The daughter of a military officer,
                                                       by indigenous peoples in Australia, Africa,          she spent her childhood years traveling the
                                                       North and South America, and Europe. He con-
   MARIE WATT                                          tinues to explore the relationships between this
                                                                                                            world with her family. Nevertheless, she has a
                                                                                                            BA degree from Humboldt State University and
             (Seneca)                                  country’s living native cultures, its contempo-      an MFA from California State University at
    Of both Seneca                                     rary society, its history, and the indigenous cul-   Chico. She is presently living and working in
and Scottish/German                                    tures of other continents.                           Nevada City, California.
ancestry, Marie Watt is                                                                                          She describes her work, in acrylics and
currently based in Portland, Oregon. Her studies
at Willamette University, the Institute of                       GEORGE                                     mixed media, as a contemporary extension of
                                                                                                            storytelling, in which she conveys her family's
American Indian Arts, and Yale University                       LONGFISH                                    history and tribal stories through life-size narra-
earned her degrees in fine arts and art history as            (Seneca/Tuscarora)                            tive paintings. Intertwined into the narrative she
well as an MFA in painting and printmaking
(Yale). Her art investigates “the overlap between
                                                          L  ongfish was born in                            addresses other issues close to her personal
                                                                                                            experience such as her mixed cultural heritage,
                                                       Oshweken, Ontario,
art and craft, process and object, nature and          Canada. He was a professor of Native American        injustices against Native peoples, and cultural
humans.” She works in pen and ink, printmak-           studies at the University of California, Davis,      stereotypes.
ing, mixed media, and installation art. She is a       until his retirement in 2003.
professor of art at Portland Community College              Working in oil, acrylic, pencil, pen and ink,
in Oregon and the gallery coordinator of its           mixed media, and printmaking, he emphasizes           NORA NARANJO-
Northview Gallery.                                     the importance of “owning” one’s cultural infor-
                                                       mation and passing it to future generations. His
                                                                                                                            MORSE
                                                                                                              (Pueblo Santa Clara-Tewa)
                                                       two dimensional paintings deal with spirituality
                HARRY FONSECA                          and issues of injustice.                                 Naranjo-Morse was
                (Nisenan Maidu/                                                                             born into a prominent family
                Hawaiian/Portuguese)                                                                        of Santa Clara Pueblo potters.
                    Harry Fonseca was born in                               JOE FEDDERSEN                   She lives in Española, New
                                                                            (Confederated Colville Tribe)   Mexico. She received her
                  Sacramento, California, in 1946,
                  and settled in Santa Fe, New                               Born in Omak, Washington,      bachelor's degree from the College of Santa Fe
                                                                                                            in 1980 and completed the silversmithing pro-
                  Mexico. He studied for a time in                        in 1953, Feddersen received a
Sacramento City College and with Frank                                    BFA degree in printmaking         gram at the Institute of American Indian Arts in
LaPena at Cal State University in Sacramento.                             from the University of            Santa Fe in 1991. She was chosen as the 2000
He shortened his formal art education to pursue                           Washington in Seattle in 1983,    Dubin Fellow at the Indian Arts Research
his own private vision.                                and a MFA from the University of Wisconsin in        Center, School of American Research in Santa Fe.
      In his close to twenty-year career as an         1989. Since then, he has taught printmaking at            She is well known for her clay sculpture
exhibiting artist, Fonseca's work has gone             the Evergreen State College in Olympia.              that utilizes humor to bring home her commen-
through a number of transformations. His earli-             He works in many media including oils           tary on social issues. Now working in multime-
est pieces drew from his Maidu heritage—bas-           printmaking, sculpture, basketry, and photogra-      dia including metal and video, she creates instal-
ketry designs, dance regalia, and the Maidu cre-       phy; he is particularly noted for his prints and     lations that strive to find a balance between the
ation myth. Later he was particularly struck by        his contemporary interpretations of traditional      Pueblo Santa Clara world and American society.
ancient rock art from the Coso Range in the            basket making techniques—patterns derived            She is also a published poet.
high desert country near Owens Lake, north of          from the Inland Plateau Region of the Columbia
Ridgecrest, California.
      Fonseca’s work took a more political turn
                                                       Basin. His work portrays the landscape revealed
                                                       in simple repetitive design. It bespeaks a mod-                          RICK BARTOW
                                                       ernist aesthetic while maintaining direct ties to                        (Yurok)
with the 1992 Discovery of Gold and Souls in
California series. This series, he says, "is a         the designs of his people.                                                  Rick Bartow’s pastel
direct reference to the physical, emotional and                                                                                 works and acrylic paintings
spiritual genocide of the native people of                                                                                      about personal struggles and
California. With the rise of the mission system,            SHELLEY NIRO                                                        his connection to the environ-
and much later the discovery of gold in                     (Bay of Quinte Mohawk,                                              ment are influenced by his
California, the native world was fractured, and                        Turtle Clan)                                             heritage and other world cul-
with it, a way of life and order devastated.”               F  rom the Six Nations                          tures. They show images of animals—often with
                                                                                                            anthropomorphic qualities, portraits, and the
                                                       Reserve, Niro is a graduate
HACHIVI EDGAR HEAP OF                                  of the Ontario College of Art                        human figure in stages of transformation, all in
BIRDS
(Cheyenne/Arapaho)
                                                       in Toronto and a master of                           brilliant color. He was born in Newport, Oregon,
                                                                                                            and lives on family land along the Oregon coast,
                                                       fine arts from the University of Western Ontario.
                                                                                                            working in pastel, graphite, charcoal, acrylic,
    Currently on the                                   Now a resident of Brantford, Ontario, and a
                                                       teacher at the University of Western Ontario, her    mixed media, printmaking, mask making, and
faculty of Oklahoma                                                                                         sculpture.
University teaching                                    photographs, paintings, and films use parody
both Native studies                                    and masquerade to explore the complexities of
and art, Heap of Birds’ formal education extend-       Native women identities. Her film Honey                                                  Continued on back page

                                                                                                                                                                         11
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Ray Simm, Production design for The 39
Steps, 1935. Graphite and watercolor on
paper. In “Casting a Shadow,” Block
Museum of Art, IL


   Cecil Beaton, Marilyn Monroe (detail),
        1945. In “Cecil Beaton,” Chrysler
                      Museum of Art, VA




NOTES ABOUT ARTISTS                                       continued from page 11


                                                    [When the National Museum of the American               has become a worldwide symbol of peace.
                                                    Indian (NMAI) opened its doors on the Mall in
                                                    Washington, D.C., in 2004, its inaugural exhibi-        [The Smithsonian National Museum of the
                                                    tion was a retrospective of the works of two well       American Indian is located in three venues: the
                                                    known contemporary artists: George Morrison             NMAI on the National Mall in Washington, DC;
                                                    and Allan Houser, both of whom served as a              the Cultural Resources Center in Suitland,
                                                    source of inspiration for the 12 artists shown in       Maryland; and the George Gustav Heye Center
KAY WALKINGSTICK (Cherokee)                         “Continuum,” which followed.]                           at the U.S. Custom House at Bowling Green in
    WalkingStick was born in Syracuse,                                                                      lower Manhattan.] J
New York, her father a Cherokee and her mother
a non-Native. Nor surprisingly, her work deals
                                                     GEORGE
with issues of mixed ancestry as well as the bal-   MORRISON                                                Titles of works pictured in “Notes About Artists”
                                                                                                            in order of appearance.
ance between land and space, and the relation-         (Grand Portage
                                                                                                                                     ,
                                                                                                            Jaune Quick-to-See Smith The Silence (series), 2004.
ship between the physical and spiritual self. In    Band of Chippewa)                                       Watercolor on paper.
her series of diptych paintings (also drawings
and prints), a pair of juxtaposed images—one
                                                      B orn in a                                            Marie Watt, Endless Column, 2003. RC Sepia photograph.
                                                                                                            Harry Fonseca, Autumn Sonata #12, 2002. Acrylic on paper.
                                                    small Chippewa
realistic and the other abstract or symbolic—rep-   community in                                            Hachivi Edgar Heap of Birds, Monetish, 1998. Marker on
resents different aspects of a subject or theme.                                                            rag paper.
                                                    Minnesota, Morrison studied in New York and             George Longfish, Winter Still Life Landscape,
                                                    Europe. The result catapulted him to stardom as         South Dakota 1893, 2003. Acrylic on canvas.
                            RICHARD RAY             both an American artist and an Indian artist. His       Joe Feddersen, High Voltage Tower, 2003. Twined waxed
                                                                                                            linen basket.
                            WHITMAN (Yuchi)         work has been described as abstract expressionist.
                                                                                                            Shelly Niro, The Shirt 1, 2003. Durotrans.

                             Whitman was born in                                                            Judith Lowry, K’um De-go-i-dom (Home Place): Reflections

                     Claremore, Oklahoma,                                          ALLAN                    on recurring history and survival, 2004. Mixed media
                                                                                                            (gallery installation).
                     raised in the traditions and
                     language of his grandmoth-
                                                                                   HOUSER                   Nora Naranjo-Morse, In the Landscape of the Same, 2003
                                                                                                            (view 1). Micaceous clay; cones. Installation.
                                                                                   (Warm Springs            Rick Bartow, Deer Dancer for Hyacinth, 2001. Detail. Pastel,
                     er, and now lives in the                                      Chiricahua Apache)       charcoal and graphite on paper.
                     Yuchi community of Gypsy,
                     Oklahoma. His works—                                           A    sculptor and       Kay Walkingstick, Bitterroot Mountains #1, 2002. Gouache,
                                                                                                            charcoal and encaustic on paper.
paintings, photographs, videos, and poetry—are                                     painter, Houser’s        Richard Ray Whitman, Fast Horse, 2003. Photograph.
sociopolitical commentaries: society’s represen-                                   bronze Offering of the   George Morrison, Cube, 1988. Exotic woods. Minnesota
tation of indigenous people juxtaposed with the                                    Sacred Pipe, installed   Museum of American Art.

obscured reality of Native life.                                                   at the U.S. Mission to   Allan Houser, Offering the Sacred Pipe, 1980. Bronze.
                                                                                                            Museum of the Southwest.
                                                                                   the United Nations in
                                                                                   New York in 1985,

				
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