The Crime

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					      State of Illinois
      Illinois State Police

The Crime
A Glimpse at the Workings of the Illinois State Police

                                    Division of
                              Forensic Services
                                           Scott E. Giles
                                           Deputy Director

     Illinois State Police
The Crime
How would you go
about unraveling
the truth from this
nightmare scene?
     S      hortly after 1:00 a.m., the
young woman pounded frantically
on her neighbor’s front door. She
screamed, “Help me! They came in
through the garage. They shot my hus-
band and set him on fire!” The neigh-
bor ran barefoot through the snow to
the young woman’s house and into its
acrid-smelling smoke filled bedroom. A
king-sized bed was centered against the
north wall. As the neighbor approached
the victim, he stepped on and crushed a
bottle of capsules on the floor next to the
bed. A man was lying on his back on the
left-hand side of the bed. The blanket
over him crumbled when touched. His
body was badly charred and his hands were tightly clenched. The neighbor
could see the man’s face was burned away, causing his teeth to glisten in
an eerie, taunting smile. There was a one-quarter inch diameter hole in the
right temple of the man’s blackened skull. The air in the bedroom tasted like
gasoline. During the investigation that followed, a handgun was recovered
from the garbage can of another neighbor.

     Interesting facts, but who is in the bed and how
     did he die? Crime scene investigators and forensic
     scientists can answer these questions.

                                                       Illinois State Police   3
 Crime Scene Services Command
       W       hen crimes occur, physical evidence is left behind which can
identify suspects. If properly interpreted, evidence left at a scene can tell
investigators what has occurred in the absence of eyewitnesses. Crime scene
investigators (CSIs) interpret the evidentiary value of items, collect, and pro-
cess evidence.
       The Illinois State Police has a fully-trained, well-equipped unit of crime
scene investigators who are assigned to the Crime Scene Services Command
(CSSC), Division of Forensic Services. Proper identification and collection
of evidence is the starting point for the scientific analysis which is discussed
in the following pages.
       The CSSC is the first crime scene unit that is not part of a laboratory
system to receive accreditation from the International Organization for Stan-
dardization (ISO). Compliance with ISO standards assures CSSC procedures
and protocols meet established scientific guidelines and criteria for providing
the highest quality forensic services.
       The CSIs respond to calls for crime scene processing 365 days a year,
24 hours a day. The hours of operation are challenging but necessary as crimes
occur any time of the day or night. CSIs know there is only one chance to
properly identify items of evidence, interpret evidentiary value, and properly
process and collect evidence. Thorough documentation of a crime scene is
accomplished through photography, sketches/diagrams, and report writing;
there are no second chances.
       Case law has established the importance of proper evidence collection
protocol. To that end, the training and preparation for CSIs is congruent with
these duties and responsibilities. The CSSC has a six-month training program
for new CSIs which is followed by a testing process. The training program is
closely scrutinized to ensure individuals receive proper instruction and are able to
demonstrate the skills necessary to perform this important function. Continued
training is provided to ensure the most current methods and technologies are
utilized to achieve the best results. CSI training is monitored by CSSC Training
Section to ensure continued proficiency. Some CSIs provide specialized services
such as freehand facial composites, facial reconstruction, and bloodstain pattern
interpretation; these skills are performed in addition to crime scene processing.
      The CSSC boasts a full-service Imaging Section which meets imaging
needs for the entire Department and ensures quick, confidential service to user
agencies. The Forensic Diagramming and Animation Section completes two
and three dimensional computer-generated drawings of crime scenes and crash
scenes and produces widely acclaimed animated crime scene recreations for
presentation in courtrooms and to jurors.

    Illinois State Police   4
      A        t the request of law enforce-
ment agencies, polygraph examiners ques-
tion suspects, victims and witnesses involved
in criminal investigations. The polygraph
examination can effectively narrow the
scope of an investigation and quickly resolve
specific case issues.

       Polygraph examinations follow a
distinct sequence. Before each polygraph
examination, the examiner discusses the
case with investigators, prosecutors and/or
defense attorneys to obtain accurate infor-
mation concerning the crime scene and prior
investigation findings. The examiner then
conducts a pretest interview with the subject
to cover issues to be included in the exami-
nation. Next, the examiner places a few
unobtrusive attachments from the polygraph
instrument on the subject, asks questions and
records psychophysiological responses in
the subject’s blood pressure, respiration and
galvanic skin reaction. After the interview is
over, the polygraph examiner uses principles of physiology and psychology to review
charts printed during testing and conclude whether the subject was deceptive.

    Crime Analysis

    The young woman
    voluntarily submitted to a
    polygraph examination to
    remove herself from
    suspicion. However, there
    were indications of
    deception to both the young
    woman’s denial of direct
    involvement and to her
    stated lack of knowledge of
    who committed the crime.

                                                           Illinois State Police   5
 Forensic Sciences Command

       F     orensic scientists study the
evidence collected by crime scene inves-
                                             hit-and-run accident to the broken head-
                                             light in a suspect’s car. A more complex
tigators. The Latin word forensis trans-     examination might require knowledge
lates generally to English as “a public      of how the molecular structure of differ-
forum or place to debate and argue.”         ent compounds absorb light in different
Forensic scientists use their skills to      ways. Sophisticated crime laboratory
examine, identify, evaluate and objec-       work can connect seemingly unrelated
tively describe evidence from crime          crimes, uncover trends and create new
scenes for argument between prosecution      leads for law enforcement officers. For
and defense attorneys in courts. Judges      court testimony, forensic scientists must
and juries decide what the evidence          be able to explain techniques to a nonspe-
implies.                                     cialist jury in an understandable manner,
                                             and must have a thorough enough knowl-
       The work of a forensic scientist is   edge of their profession to withstand
demanding. Every material in existence       cross-examination. To meet the demands
could become evidence at some time--         of the police and the courts, the ISP trains
dirt, body fluids, hairs, fibers, paint,     forensic scientists in drug chemistry,
inks, pry bars, guns, arsenic or debris      trace chemistry, toxicology, forensic
from a fire. How evidence might be            biology/DNA, microscopy, latent print
examined scientifically can vary widely.      analysis, firearms and toolmarks, and
A straightforward evidence examina-          documents examination.
tion could involve the simple jigsaw
puzzle match of glass at the scene of a

    Illinois State Police   6
  Drug Chemistry Section

      T     he Drug Chemistry Section
determines if evidence contains con-
                                                   For Drug Chemistry Section anal-
                                            ysis, forensic scientists inventory each
trolled substances (drugs) or cannabis      exhibit and take careful notes at each
(marijuana). Such evidence can include      step of their work. To determine the type
plant materials, tablets, capsules, pow-    of substance present, drug chemists use
ders, drug paraphernalia and residues.      techniques such as color tests, thin-layer
The Drug Chemistry Section does not         chromatography, gas chromatography,
examine human biological specimens for      infrared and ultraviolet spectrophotom-
the presence of drugs; those are analyzed   etry, mass spectrometry, as well as tradi-
by the toxicology section.                  tional wet chemistry methods to separate
                                            and identify the parts of the evidence.

    Crime Analysis

    Chemistry color tests
    on a small portion
    of one capsule
    from the bottle by
    the bed indicated
    a barbiturate (a
    controlled substance)
    was present. The
    drug was then
    separated from other
    inert substances
    in the capsule by
    chemical extraction.
    The presence of
    amobarbital was
    confirmed with
    infrared spectroscopy.

                                                            Illinois State Police   7
 Trace Chemistry Section

       F     orensic scientists in this
section identify and compare materials
                                          debris from an explosion to find the
                                          type of explosive used or a fragment of
based upon their chemical composition     the detonation device; paint and glass
and associated properties. Trace chem-    from a hit-and-run accident or burglary
ists deal with evidence from arsons,      for some link to a suspect. Forensic
explosions, accidents and all types of    scientists compare unknown to known
non-drug related cases. They analyze      materials to determine if they could have
fire debris for the presence of flammable   a common origin.
liquids which might indicate arson;
                                                 Trace chemists may use analyses
                                          like x-ray diffraction, x-ray fluores-
                                          cence, infrared and ultraviolet spectro-
                                          photometry, gas chromatography, gas
                                          chromatography/mass spectrometry
                                          (GC/MS), high performance liquid
                                          chromatography, and scanning electron
                                          microscopy with energy dispersive x-ray
                                          detector (SEM/EDX). To be successful,
                                          trace chemists must know the capabilities
                                          and limitations of all of these analytical

                                     Crime Analysis
                                                          Analysis of swabs
                                                          taken by a crime
                                                          scene investigator
                                                          from the woman’s
                                                          hands was positive
                                                          for gunshot residue.
                                                          These swabs were
                                                          analyzed by atomic
                                                          absorption and
                                                          SEM/EDX. The
                                                          blanket and bedding
                                                          were analyzed by
                                                          GC/MS, and a trace
                                                          chemist verified the
                                                          presence of

    Illinois State Police   8
 Toxicology Section

      F      orensic toxicology is a diffi-
cult, demanding field. Forensic toxicology
cases commonly involve violent, unusual
or sudden deaths. The work of a forensic
toxicologist calls for the analysis of tissue,
blood, urine or other body fluids to identify
drugs and poisons. To do this well, forensic
toxicologists must have a thorough under-
standing of analytical chemistry pharmacol-
ogy and toxicology. Forensic toxicologists
use a variety of techniques to isolate and
analyze drugs and chemicals from biological samples ranging from simple chemical
color tests to sophisticated state-of-the-art instruments such as a gas chromatograph-
mass spectrometer. When completed, a forensic toxicologist’s analysis determines if
drugs or toxic chemicals are present in a body, their concentrations, and how various
combinations of these drugs and chemicals may have interacted to cause death or

    Crime Analysis

    The toxicology analysis found
    that a barbiturate was present
    in the victim’s body. However,
    the blood concentration of the
    drug was in the therapeutic
    range indicating that it was
    being taken as prescribed and
    not in abusive or suicidal
    amounts. Analysis also
    showed that the victim’s blood
    carbon monoxide
    concentration was normal,
    indicating that he was
    probably dead before the fire
    was set.

                                                             Illinois State Police   9
 Microscopy Section

       M        icroscopists are forensic
scientists who routinely use various types
                                                     Microscopy instruments include
                                              stereo binocular microscopes, transmit-
of microscopes to obtain an enlarged          ted light microscopes, polarized light
image of a small object. Examinations by      microscopes, fluorescence microscopes,
microscopists commonly involve hairs,         comparison microscopes, microspec-
fibers, woods, soils, building materials,      trophotometers, X-ray diffractions, and
insulation, and a broad group of miscella-    scanning electron microscopes. The
neous materials referred to as “particulate   images are projected to optics in micro-
unknowns.”                                    scope or television cameras and onto
                                              photographic film to aid analysis.

                                         Crime Analysis

                                                          A microscopist
                                                          comparing head hair
                                                          collected from the victim
                                                          to head hair on the
                                                          husband’s hair brush
                                                          determined the hair
                                                          samples did not come
                                                          from the same person.
                                                          Also, a microscopist
                                                          examining hair from the
                                                          hands and head of the
                                                          wife, and fibers from
                                                          her blouse, determined
                                                          some of the wife’s hair
                                                          and some of the fibers of
                                                          her blouse were singed.

    Illinois State Police   10
 Forensic Biology/DNA Section
      F       orensic scientists in this
section use procedures and knowledge
                                                   Forensic biologists for the ISP
                                              now use two principle methods of work-
from the study of living organisms and        ing with DNA. These methods are
molecular systems to associate people         commonly referred to by their acronyms:
with crimes. They examine, identify           PCR: Polymerase Chain Reaction and
and characterize physiological fluids and      STR: Short Tandem Repeats.
dried stains such as blood, semen, vaginal
fluid and saliva from crime scenes. Then              Valid DNA tests results are entered
they compare these findings to known           into the National Combined DNA Index
standards from individuals suspected of       System (CODIS).
committing the crimes. The work of a
forensic biologist can range, for example,          The FBI coordinates CODIS.
from reporting a substance “could be          All convicted felons, plus individuals
blood,” to establishing the statistical       convicted of certain misdemeanors,
probability a specific bloodstain came         are DNA typed, and their individual
from a particular person. To do their         patterns are put in a computerized file,
work, forensic biologists use an array        along with DNA patterns from unsolved
of microscopes, electrophoresis equip-        cases. Searches of biological evidence
ment, and deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)         from crime scenes against the CODIS
analysis methods.                             database may identify criminals, generate
                                              suspects, and link serial cases.
       DNA is found in all cells that
contain a nucleus; white blood cells,
sperm cells, cells of saliva and the cells
surrounding hair roots all contain a
person’s entire genetic code. DNA tests
isolate the chemical substructure of an
individual’s cells, highlighting their dis-
tinctive gene arrangement. This profile
establishes whether a person shows a
combination of genetically determined
characteristics consistent with the source
of an evidence sample in a criminal case.
The probability of identical evidence and
suspect samples occurring at random in
the population is then calculated for later
presentation to a jury. Generally, the
probability of such an identical match
occurring is so high that juries are con-
vinced beyond a reasonable doubt the
suspect committed the crime.

                                                             Illinois State Police   11
Crime Analysis

The forensic biology analysis found blood spatter on the blouse
of the young woman and shoes of the husband. The crime scene
investigator found the husband’s shoes in the bedroom closet.
The bed and adjacent wall blood spatter indicated the victim was
shot while in the bed. The blood spatter on the blouse and pair
of shoes indicated the items were very close to someone who had
been shot. DNA testing of the blood on the bed, adjacent wall,
blouse and pair of shoes showed a match to the body in the bed.

Illinois State Police   12
 Latent Prints Section

       T      he Latin verb latere--the
origin of “latent”-- translates to English
as “to be hidden or concealed.” Criminals
commonly leave impressions from con-
tact between a surface and the patterns of
their fingers, palms, feet, shoes, ears, lips,
or the tread of the tires on their vehicles.
Such impressions are often latent, or
not visible to the naked eye. Forensic
scientists working in the Latent Prints
Section make these hidden impressions
visible, compare them to known samples,
and identify the person or item that made
them. Latent prints examiners use a vast
array of products including powders,
fumes, chemicals, photographic films and
filters, dye stains, and electronic devices
such as lasers and computers to make an
invisible image visible.

       Fingerprints are a positive means
of identification when known samples are
available; Illinois has millions of known
fingerprint cards on file. However, a
manual search of this file for one latent
print identification from a crime scene
could take months. Therefore, Illinois
implemented an Automated Fingerprint
Identification System (AFIS) which
contains more than 4.7 million scanned
fingerprint cards and in excess of 15,800
unidentified latent prints in its databases.
AFIS can search latent prints against
databases in hours to indicate someone          technology will allow AFIS to network
who might have committed a crime or             with similar systems from other states
to link unsolved crimes. Identifying a          and with the national database. The ISP
suspect using AFIS can occur in hours           forensic science laboratories can expect
rather than years. In the future, computer      an increase in matches above the current
software to upgrade the state fingerprint        outstanding 35 percent hit rate.

                                                              Illinois State Police   13
Crime Analysis

A latent prints examiner discovered that, although the surface skin of
the victim’s hands was burned, sufficient ridge detail remained on the
underlying skin structure to record a full set of fingerprints. An AFIS
search revealed the victim’s identity. He was not the woman’s husband,
but an apparent transient previously arrested for minor crimes. A crime
scene investigator processed areas within the house and recovered
numerous suitable latent prints. Several of these were identified as
having been made by the wife and neighbor, but none were identified as
the victim’s. All the remaining latent fingerprints were searched in AFIS
with no results. No latent prints suitable for comparison were found on
the recovered handgun. However, a crime scene investigator recovered
three different shoe sole impressions from the vinyl floor between the
garage and kitchen. With the help of the Image Enhancement Section,
an examiner determined the husband’s shoes found in the closet
matched one of these impressions, and the other two impressions
were made by the wife’s shoes.

Illinois State Police   14
 Firearms and Toolmarks Section

      F      orensic scientists in this
section microscopically examine evi-
                                            Tobacco and Firearms (BATF) sponsored
                                            the Integrated Ballistics Identification
dence to determine if a specific fired        System (IBIS) developed by Forensic
bullet, discharged cartridge, cartridge     Technology, Inc. IBIS is a computerized
or firearm can be related to a particular    database of discharged cartridge cases,
crime. Forensic scientists know that each   fired bullets, and firearms information
gun leaves a unique pattern of marks on     which allows forensic scientists to assist
bullets and cartridge cases. Studies have   investigators by:
shown that hundreds of guns of the same
model coming off an assembly line leave       • conducting rapid, comprehensive
different impressions on bullets and car-       searches of firearms evidence files
tridge cases. The forensic firearms and
toolmarks examiner can also determine         • relating firearms evidence in previ-
the distance from which shots were fired         ously unrelated cases
and whether or not gunpowder patterns
are present on clothing, thus helping         • linking suspects to crimes
to reconstruct a crime. Serial numbers
from all types of metal objects can also      • generating leads for field investigators
be restored. In addition, toolmarks are
examined to determine if a relationship            The IBIS database in Illinois is
exists between a particular tool (pry       part of the National Integrated Ballistics
bar, screwdriver, etc.) and the crime       Information Network (NIBIN) sponsored
scene where the tool mark was found.        by the BAFT. The NIBIN program
Other types of examinations can include     allows for images to be transmitted
physical matches and footwear examina-      nationally for possible comparison.
tions. Firearms and toolmarks forensic
scientists use a variety of microscopic,
chemical and photographic techniques
to examine evidence.

       Guns are many criminals’ weap-
ons of choice. The volume of guns,
cartridges, projectiles and cartridge
cases to be compared was overwhelm-
ing. To help forensic scientists search
their large files of unsolved firearms
case evidence, the Bureau of Alcohol,

                                                           Illinois State Police   15
Crime Analysis

The firearms and
toolmarks examiner
compared the bullet
recovered from the
victim’s head to test
rounds fired from
the gun recovered
from the neighbor’s
garbage can.
Identical microscopic
markings were found
on both the evidence
bullet and the test
bullets, proving that
the recovered bullet
was fired from the
evidence gun. The
cartridge cases
test fired from the
recovered gun were
then entered in the
IBIS database to see
if this gun had been
used to commit any
other crimes. This
gun was not linked
to other crimes.

Illinois State Police   16
 Documents Section
      J     ust like cars and guns, docu-
ments can be used to commit crimes.
                                                      Document examiners do not limit
                                               their analyses to handwriting and hand
The manipulation of documents is just a        printing. In addition, document analysts
criminal’s attempted “cover-up.” Exami-        study typewriting, ink, paper, writ-
nation of handwriting or hand printing is      ing instruments, mechanical and laser
very involved. A document is produced          printing, duplicating, photocopying,
by a person and is stamped with a style--a     adhesives, eradications, obliterations,
uniqueness--that makes it identifiable to a     stapling, watermarks and impressions.
particular person. Document examiners          They can scroll through several pages in
do side-by-side comparisons of ques-           a notepad and recover imprints of what
tioned handwriting and hand printing           was written on removed pages. Typical
with that known to be from suspects, to        questions answered by forensic scientists
identify them as criminals or clear them.      qualified to examine documents are: Is
Such analysis is based on line quality--       the signature genuine? Who wrote the
beginning and ending strokes, spacing,         body of the document? Is there any evi-
and above/below line distance--is a            dence of alteration? Was the document
function of writing ability, intent, writing   prepared on or about the date it bears?
surface, writing instrument, and physical      To come to their expert conclusions,
condition of the writer.                       document examiners use infrared and
                                               ultraviolet light, infrared luminescence,
                                               laser and electrostatic enhancement, and
                                               advanced photographic and microscopic
                                               examination techniques.

                                          Crime Analysis

                                                         The document examiner
                                                         matched the wife’s
                                                         known handwriting to a
                                                         signature of a phoney
                                                         name on the receipt to
                                                         buy the gun found during
                                                         the investigation. The
                                                         husband’s signature on
                                                         a charge card receipt,
                                                         dated two days after
                                                         the crime and used to
                                                         purchase two tickets to
                                                         Tahiti, was identified by
                                                         the document examiner
                                                         as genuine.

                                                              Illinois State Police   17
 Tracking Down The Killers
                                              Forensic scientists, after careful,
                                              detailed analysis, could give the
                                              police the following information
                                              which conflicted with the young
                                              woman’s account:
       The call to the police department
was recorded at 1:26 a.m. The first             • Fingerprints proved the victim
responding investigator had reason to             was a transient, not her
doubt the young woman’s story. The                husband.
scene did not look like a home invasion.
There were no signs of a forced entry.          • She signed a fictitious name
There had been no struggle. Around                when buying the gun used to
the house in the snow, there were no              kill the man.
unidentified footprints. Nothing had
been taken from the house. The young            • There were no shoe sole
woman was distraught, but was able to             impressions from unknown
provide remarkably detailed descrip-              sources on the floor into the
tions of what “they” looked like.                 house from the garage.

                                                • She had gunshot residue on
                                                  her hands.

                                                • She had blood spatter on
                                                  her blouse that matched the
                                                  victim’s blood.

                                                • Her hand and head hair, as well
                                                  as blouse fibers, were singed.

                                                • Two days after she said she
                                                  saw her husband shot and
                                                  set on fire, he purchased two
                                                  tickets to Tahiti.

                                                • She was deceptive when
                                                  questioned about her
                                                  involvement in and knowledge
                                                  of who killed the victim.

       Who do you think killed the man? The forensic experts can tell you what the
evidence means, but good street police work is still the key to solving crime. Officers
still have to pound the pavement. Technology is great, but investigators still need
to talk to witnesses and suspects. If you were an investigator or the state’s attorney,
what would you do now?

    Illinois State Police   18
 Forensic Science Programs
      Three distinct programs, Research and Development (R&D), Quality Assurance
(QA), and Statewide Training assist the forensic science casework of the ISP. Each
program includes several support activities. Together, these programs insure the ISP
forensic scientists are superbly trained, are able to conduct the latest analytical techniques
accurately, and are carefully reporting results supported by scientific evidence.

Research & Development Program
       The forensic R&D Program staff                 • ensuring quality assurance and
assist with the implementation of DNA                   internal proficiency testing for
analysis throughout the ISP laboratory                  forensic biologists performing
system. To do this, R&D staff participate               DNA analysis
in the following DNA activities:
                                                      • administering state and federal
    • analyzing forensic cases using                    DNA forensic grants
     DNA technology
                                                        In addition to all of the above
    • training biologists to use DNA              DNA-related work, R&D staff assist all
      technology                                  of the forensic disciplines as they test
                                                  new scientific equipment, validate new
    • developing new standardized DNA             scientific procedures, conduct survey
      analysis procedures                         research, distribute research results, and
                                                  prepare manuscripts for publication.

Quality Assurance Program
       The ISP is committed to providing                 The ISP has a well defined set of
the highest quality scientific analysis to         forensic science standards and controls
law enforcement and the courts. Quality           for analysts/examiners to follow. As
means accurate, complete and timely               important as these standards and controls
analyses. Quality service begins with             are, they do not reduce the need to check
the first contact between a laboratory             work. To monitor the quality of forensic
and a law enforcement agency, continues           science work, the ISP carries out the fol-
through analysis and providing reports,           lowing procedures:
and ends with testimony in court.

                                                                  Illinois State Police   19
     • completed cases are randomly                • analysts/examiners are observed
       selected and reworked                         as they process casework

     • case files are inspected for adher-           Quality review coordinators from
       ence to analysis standards, con-       each discipline, working under the QA
       trols and report wording guide-        program administrator, carry out all
       lines                                  of the above activities and evaluate
                                              laboratory safety, evidence handling,
     • analysts/examiners are routinely       instrument maintenance, and supply
       proficiency tested internally by        storage/distribution.
       QA as well as by outside testing

Statewide Training Program
      Forensic scientists must have a col-    on the forensic science discipline, a new
lege/university bachelor level degree, as a   forensic scientist’s time with the training
minimum, in programs such as chemistry,       staff can range from one to three years.
biochemistry, biology, cell and structural    Training includes formal lectures, review
biology, microbiology or forensic sci-        of current literature, practical exercises,
ence. Polygraph examiners may have            practical examinations, written exami-
one of these degrees or a degree in one       nations, oral examinations, mock trials
of the social sciences such as psychol-       and supervised casework. Each forensic
ogy or sociology. Before applicants will      science discipline has its own training
be offered positions with the ISP, they       curriculum.
must successfully complete a series of
interviews conducted by forensic sci-                 The training staff of the ISP
ence managers, a polygraph examination        forensic science laboratory system does
and an extensive background investiga-        more than train new forensic scientists.
tion. The number and location of open         The training staff regularly designs and
positions fluctuates with the needs of         pilot- tests new procedures, and provides
the ISP.                                      in-service classes to experienced staff.
                                              To reduce costs and improve efficiency,
       A great deal of a scientist’s train-   many in-service classes take place over
ing to conduct forensic science work          the ISP video-conference network. The
takes place after initial employment. The     training staff also coordinates work with
training coordinators of the ISP forensic     university programs in forensic science,
science laboratory system work out of the     particularly the Master of Science in
Southern Illinois Forensic Science Centre     Forensic Science program of the Univer-
at Carbondale, the ISP Forensic Science       sity of Illinois at Chicago.
Center at Chicago, and the Springfield
Forensic Science Laboratory. Depending

    Illinois State Police   20
      People interested in forensic science can read more about the profession in the
following books:

      Baumann, Edward and O’Brien, John.
           Murder Next Door: How Police Tracked Down 18 Brutal Killers
           Chicago: Bonus Books, Inc., 1991.
           The scenario in this brochure is based, in part, on the Baumann and O’Brien
           chapter titled, “Death On A King-Sized Bed.”

      Butler, John M.
              Forensic DNA Typing, Second Edition: Biology, Technology, and Genetics of STR
              Academic Press: 2nd Edition Feb. 22, 2005.

      Moenssens, Andre A.; Inbau, Fred E.; and Starrs, James E.
            Scientific Evidence in Civil and Criminal Cases
            Mineola: The Foundation Press, Inc., 1995.

      Saferstein, Richard.
              Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall, Inc., 9th Edition, 2006

             Forensic Sciences Handbook.
             Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall, Inc., 1993.

      Siegel, Jay.
              Forensic Science: The Basics
              Taylor and Francis, 2007.

                                                                    Illinois State Police   21

      Mt. Carroll
         Sterling                                                                               Chicago
        E. Moline
      Galesburg                                                                               Morton


   Litchfield                                                                                 Charleston
                                                                                             Mt. Vernon

                                                                                             Mt. Carmel

         Fairview Heights                                                          Harrisburg


               DuQuoin                                         Ullin

 Administrative Offices for Division of Forensic Services
                  Telephone Directory
    Deputy Director's Office            Deputy Director's Office ........................................ 217/785-7542
    Crime Scene Services Command       Crime Scene Services Command ........................... 217/785-0428
    Forensic Sciences Command          Forensic Sciences Command ................................. 217/782-4649
                                       Forensic Science Center at Chicago....................... 312/433-8000
    ISP Forensic Science Laboratory    Joliet Laboratory .................................................... 815/740-3543
                                       Metro-East Laboratory ........................................... 618/394-6000
    Crime Scene Services Field Office   Morton Laboratory ................................................. 309/284-6500
                                       Research & Development Laboratory.................... 217/557-2399
    Polygraph Services Available       Rockford Laboratory .............................................. 815/987-7419
                                       Southern Illinois Forensic Science Centre ............. 618/529-6500
                                       Springfield Laboratory ........................................... 217/782-4975
                                       Westchester Laboratory.......................................... 708/338-7800

Illinois State Police   22
     Printed by the Authority of the State of Illinois
      Illinois State Police Central Printing Section
                Printed on Recycled Paper
                 ISP 6-646 (4/10) .5M

Commission on Accreditation for Law Enforcement Agencies

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