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					     Vol. 37, No.6              37th Year

     State                                ncome Tax Pr                                                                                                   sa

                EDITORIAL                                                                                                                                                                      J    eo I
                                                                                                                                                                                          00       oon
                                                                                                                                                                                  The way a man uses his years-
             May Control Sex oj Cattle                                                                                                                                          not the way he counts them-tells
                                                                                                                                                                                how old he is, according to 91-
                         CLARK L. BRODY                                                                                                                                        year-old Senator Theodore G.
                                                                                                                                                                               Green of Rhode Island.                 Packag 0
                                                                                                                                                                                  Senator Green explained how
         Will research in animal breeding revolutionize                                                                                                                        he has managed to remain active           evenue
      livestock farming? Studies in animal reproduction                                                                                                                        and "young at 91" in an inter-                     Bud
                                                                                                                                                                               view reported in the May edition
      indicate that great change lie ahead.                                                                                                                                    of Today's Health, published by
        'During the past year the Nobel Prize was awarded                                                                                                                      the American Medical Ass'n.                                  STA LEY M. POWELL
                                                                                                                                                                                 The senator. the oldest man                    Legislative Counsel for Michig n
      for discoveries in the chemical nature of gene action.
                                                                                                                                                                               ever to serve in Congress, said his
      Genes are the hereditary carriers in the sperm cells                                                                                                                     secret of longevity is mainly due           There is a faint chance that th
      of reproduction.                                                                                                                                                         to moderation and exercise.              has existed for so many weeks in th Michig
                                                                                                                                                                                 "Too many people give up and           lature relative to th ta is u      y b
         Recently I heard Dr. Frank Andrews of the Ani ..                                                                                                                      quit just as they are entering their
      mal Science Department of Purdue Univessity say                                                                                                                         prime," he said. "I never rest but        least a preliminary t phs been t k
                                                                                                                                                                               I do relax. I don't get worried.
      that biologists are coming close to unlocking some                                                                                                                      I don't get excited. I laugh a lot.
                                                                                                                                                                                 "A good way to keep fit is to             The House Committ e on en r I
      of Nature' s important secrets having to do with the                                                                                                                    remain active. I try to do a
      control of sex and heredity.                                                                                                                                            variety of things--that's       what      reported to the floor of the Hous for g
                                                                                                                                                                              keeps you interested."                    sideration, debate and action a pack g of
         It is now known that there are two types of                                                                                                                             "Keep a clear conscience, prac-
      cells in the sperm of the male' animals. One pro-                                                                                                                       tice moderation, enjoy your life
                                                                                                                                                           The mo t impor nt fe lure of thi p 0
                                                                             Break Ground for FBS Egg Ma keting                                   at Jenison                  and work, k ep your weight
      duces a male offspring when it fertilizes the ovum                                                                                                levying of a State income ta to b m
                                                                                                                                                                              down, and take regular exercise."
      (egg) ,-the other type generates a female. It is                        ;:¢   ••••••         ~'--";"~_--------~-'_--------------_:"-'_----=------
                                                                      MAYNARD B. BROWNLEE,                                                              amount of the Federal incom ta.     Th

      also one of the functions of the sperm to stimulate
      the egg to divide and develop the embryo of a new
      animal,                                          .
                                                                   manager of Fann Bureau Services,
                                                                   is shown breaking ground May 14
                                                                   for the FBS Egg Marketing
                                                                   Division plant now being built at
                                                                   Jenison, Ottawa county.
                                                                                                         Mill~                                          individual would be 7 % of what h
                                                                                                                                                        eral government.                   429

                                                                                                                                                                                                                           There would be a I 2 % tax on corpor tion
         Dr. Andrews said, "If the chemical nature of this                                                                                                                                                               14/{ tax on financial institutions. Th
                                                                       The plant is scheduled to            "Farm Bureau Deals    low to State Milk Bill                      Farm Bureau annual meeting
      stimulus is determined, we may expect a new type                                                                                                                        Nov. 11-12, 1958, as follows:
                                                                     be in operation August 1.           Chances" said the Michigan Milk Producers Asso-                                                                activities tax and the intangibles pro
      of artificial insemination that will not involve males                                                                                                                     "'We are opposed to any state
                                                                     Others in the photo, left to        ciation MILK MESSENGER for May.                                      milk marketing control bill which         be repealed and there would be a dr          uc
      at all."                                                    right; P. J. Sikkema, manager                                                                               seeks to set prices or control pro-       in the corporation franchise tax.
                                                                   of FBS Egg Marketing Division;           The Milk Messenger            id it "could be a death             duction. We feel that such a bill
             Sires would be of little use except for the          Paul Kaechele, manager of Cale-                                                                             would not be in the long-time
                                                                  donia Farmers Elevator; James          blow:'                                                               interest of dairy farmers or con-            The e effec f ese ariou chanzes
           genetic improvem~nt of the breed.
                                                                  Heuvelhorst, manager of Farmers                                                                             sumers.                                   ed to b     w r v ue in the mou
                                                                  Cooperative Elevator Co. at Hud-          It happened at a p        c bearing    ay 5 before                   "'We believ that the m t ef-
         Dr. Andrews spoke of the possibility of injecting        sonville, and Louis L. Van Huis,                                                                                                                      million annually. This is the amoun     rg
                                                                                                         the House Committee 0 Agriculture relative to                        fective approach      to securing
      some complex substance that will cause the female           manager of the Holland Coopera-                                                                             equitable prices is through a             ernor Williams as necessary for making s m p                     0"
                                                                  tive Company.                          House Bill 429, the 1959 version for a Michigan                      strong and aggressive bargaining
      to produce normal animals. The development of a                                                                                                                                                                   gress on retiring the accumul ted St t     n r 1f
                                                                     The building will be 90 x 150       milk marketing law.                                                  association.
      sexless multi-purpose animal is a "distinct possibil..      feet, pole type construction. It                                                                               " 'We feel that in order to in-        deficit and balancing the budget for t comin y
      ity."                                                       will have facilities for receiving.       At the hearing repr         tatives of ten groups                 crease milk price to producers
                                                                  grading, storing, and shipping                                                                              through 1 i lati n, it vould b >.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           It is predicted that this program ha
                                                                                                         asked th Committ          0 1 Ag. culture   to appro e
        Virgin"animals have been brought into milk pro ...        "Fresh Fancy Quality Eggs." This                                                                            necessary to keep 0 t-ot-state            chance of passage in the ouse b        h
                                                                  is the U. S. Dep't of Agriculture's    House Bill 429.                                                      milk out of Michigan markets.
     duction, Scientists regard it theoretically possible         new designation for higher quality                                                                                                                    counter trong 0 position in th S na .
                                                                                                            It would authorize a state milk marketing com..                   This is an impractical approach
     to vary hormones and other factors to make the               eggs.                                                                                                       to this problem.'                         ity of the Senator have been insisti g on
                                                                     The FBS Egg Marketing Di-           mission of five members to set prices to farmers
     same animal produce either high grade meat at the                                                                                                                             "Neither of the larger gen-          crease in the U Tax, raising it fro 3 %
     rate of 4· pounds per day or to yield milk equal
     to our best dairy cows.
                                                                  vision as announced March 26 by
                                                                  Mr. Brownlee as the start of an
                                                                  egg marketing service for Farm'
                                                                                                         for milk, to set maximum and minimum wholesale
                                                                                                         and retail prices, and to take action to clean up a list
                                                                                                                                                                                 eral  farm organiz'aiions in
                                                                                                                                                                                 Michigan was consulted in
                                                                                                                                                                                the drafting of House BUl429.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       A study is being made as to the origin and 75 of thes hav con-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Stat's minimum needs for sup- plet d th Ir journey through th
                                                                  Bureau members.                        of unfair trade practices.                                                                                 port of its departments, institu- second chamb rand havo g 1
        These secrets seem to lie in the nucleus of the                                                                                                                          "We are told by the sponsors                                                                                 J

                                                                    For an orderly b~inning, mem-                                                                             of the billl that it would not        tions and aid programs. There I to tho Governor' d sk.                 y t
     cell. Research may reveal the key to cell multiplica-        bership in the program will be            The proposed milk marketing commission is de-                     seek to control the production of     are those who feel that these no bills have b en vetoed during
                                                                  limited at first to producers in       scribed in House Bill 429 as follows:                                milk in any way, although it          matters should be decided first the current session.
     tion and the source of heritable characteristics of ani ..                                                                                                               would establish the price of milk     and then ways should be found
                                                                  west central Michigan. They must
     mal offspring.                                                                                                                                                           to the producer.                      to raise the needed revenue.             Committee m      ing ar being
                                                                  have 1,000 or more layers and            Sec. 3 (1) There is hereby created a milk com..
                                                                  equipment to meet "Fresh Fancy                                                                                "If price'    set    to farmers        In connection with his budget held at all times 0 th           ay and
        I called upon Dr. Manuel Gordon of Michigan               Quality" standards.                   mission consisting of 5 members, one of whom shall                    we r e favorable and        profit-   recommendations, Governor Wil- evening wh n th               gislatu     is
     State University to pursue the matter furt~er.He                                                   be a dairy farmer who is not directly engaged in                      a b I e, the    inevitable   result   liams has recommended. that new not in formal ession. Lobbyists,
                                                                    Besides supplying a marketing
                                                                                                                                                                              would be a continual increase in      taxes to produce an added $140 witness sand int r st              citizens
     is one of the leading geneticists in this country,           service, Farm Bureau will offer       the distribution of milk; 1 shall be engaged in                                                             million of State revenue should are arguing, testifying and but-
                                                                  producers service on production                                                                                                                   be levied.                             tonholding the Senators and R p.
      He has attained a high degree of success in the' sep-       and management problems.              the business of processing and distribution of milk                      "How 'can farmers be assured                                             res ntatives.
                                                                                                                                                                              of an outlet for milk produced           This, according to hIS figures,
      aration of male and female producing sperm of buck            Mr. Brownlee said all work on       and shall not be directly or indirectly engaged in pro-                                                     would go mainly for incr ased            Many of th bills favor
                                                                                                                                                                              above effective demand.
                                                                  the egg marketing program is                                                                                                                      expenditures for the coming year the Michigan Farm Bur . u
      rabbits.                                                                                          duction thereof; 2 shall be consumers who have no
         The semen is suspended in a solution with an elec..
     trode at each end of the container. Dr. Gordon \
                                                                  progressing according to schedule.
                                                                                                        financial investment in production or processing fa-
                                                                                                        cilities of milk; and 1 shall be a member of the agri-
                                                                                                                                                                                     "In our observation, every
                                                                                                                                                                                  scheme involving       govern-
                                                                                                                                                                                  ment price controls withOut
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    with only about $24 million ap- some which we are opposing ale
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    plied towards th reduction of making progress.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    the accumulated general fund de-
     found. that when electricity was applied, the sperm
                                                                  Vallier, FBS Dealer                   culture commission and shall act as chairman of the
                                                                                                                                                                                  strict regulation of produc-
                                                                                                                                                                                  tion or markeiing has been a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ficit which he estimates at more
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    than $110 million by June 30         10f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             The House has passed by a vot
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              66 to 36, H. 91 which sets up
                                                                                                                                                                                  sorry failure.
     divided. One half moved toward the positive pole               I aubinwa                           milk commission. Members shall be appointed for
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1959, the end of the State's cur- a series of deadlines and p oc -
                                                                                                                                                                                  "One intent of the bill seems rent fiscal year.                         ur s for ending the 1,828 prin ary
     or 'anode, and the other half toward the negative               Emmett J. Vallier of Naubin-       a term of 5 years by the Governor with the advice                      to be to maintain distribution                                             schools and oth \1'      1 m nt ry
                                                                  way, Mackinac county, was ap-                                                                                margins without recognition of          One big dec' ion to b madc be- school districts which ar           ot'l
     pole, or cathode                                             pointed a Farm Bureau Services        and consent of the Senate.                                             new technology and other im- fore determining              th      budget part of a complete      -12 yste .
                                                                                                                                                                                             in the dairy industry needs for the coming year Will
         The sperm moving to the positive pole was large-
     ly given to generating females. The sperm moving
                                                                  farm supplies dealer effective
                                                                  May 1. Mr. Vallier offers Farm
                                                                  Bureau seeds, feeds, fertilizers,
                                                                                                              For            -.
                                                                                                        Ten groups testified in fa or
                                                                                                                                           dairy farmers.
                                                                                                                                                "We are deeply concerned
                                                                                                                                                                               that are lowering distribution be regarding the amount of State
                                                                                                                                                                               costs.                              aid for schools.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             The Farm Bureau has re .og-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          nized that th tr nd is in tho t
                                                                  farm hardware and paints. He                                                                                                                         For th past two years the dir ction, but p r f r                   thr t
     toward the negative pole generated:males. Doe rab ...        is having an open house June        of House Bill 429, as follows:         with any problem affecting           "From the viewpoint of dairy Legislature has transferred siz- changes should be mad gradual-
     bits were impregnated with sperm from the two                4-5-6 tQ observe 30 years in busi-    Michigan Milk Producers As 0-1 the welfare and stability of            farmers, it would seem desirable able amounts of general fund ly and in accordance with th
                                                                                                      ciation                                the dairy industry.               to encourage lower milk distribu- money into the school aid fund, wishes of the people involved an
     areas of the solution. Dr. Gordon said:                                                            McDonald Cooperative Dairy,          "There has been an increasing     tion costs. This would tend to supplementing the two-thirds of not by arbitrary action of edu " -
                                                                                                      Flint                               tendency to look to the Govern-      encourage higher per capita use the Sales Tax yield and th rev- tiona I authoriti s and by a bu-
         "All told we had 167 births in 3 1 litters We                                                          I
                                                                                                                                                                               of milk . . . and more milk be- enue from a special tax on cigar- reaucratic procedure dominated
                                                                  Start Grazing Sudan                   Fair Share Bargaining Ass'n       ment for quick and simple solu-
      correctly predicted the sex of the offspring in 113                                                                                 tions for all kinds of problems.     ing used for Class I."              ettes and liquor.                      by the D partment of Public In-
                                                                  At 18 Inches High                     Dairy Farmers Federation                                                                                       For the current year it is antici- struction and the Stat Boa d
      cases or an average of 67 %. Seven of the litters              Farmers who have sudan grass       Independent Mil k Produc rs          "Several    state   have tried       These dairy farmers spoke a- pated that this will cost the
                                                                  pastures coming along for sum- Ass'n, Grand Rapids                      schemes for regulating the retail    gainst House Bill 429 in behalf State's general fund over $26 mil-
      consisted of one sex only.                                                                                                                                               of the Farm Bureau position, and lion. The Governor recommends                In its present form, the new
                                                                  mer grazing should let the grass      Kalamazoo Milk Pro d u c e r s price, processing, and distribution    as dairy farmers:
         ,'We correctly predicted the females in 62 of 87         grow 18 inches high before turning Ass'n                                of milk.                                                                 using $46.7 million of general system would be in full op ration
                                                                                                                                                                                 Tom Hahn of Rodney, Elton R. fund money for school aid for by the fall of 1962. S v nty-
     trials or, 71.3 %, and the males in 51 out of 80             livestock on it. Grazed too short,    Producers Dairy Com pan y,           "Some of our members have         Smith of Caledonia, Her b e r t next year.                                 s ven p .r cent of Michig ,
                                                                  sudan grass may be poisonous to Benton Harbor                           I arned     the results of these
     trials or 63.7%.                                             cattle and sheep.                                                       schemes and the implications that
                                                                                                                                                                              Fierke of Saginaw, all members                                              school di tricts would be aff cte •
                                                                                                        Twin Pines Dairy, Detroit                                             of the Michigan Farm Bureau's           There are three schcol aid bills       This bill is now pending in th
                                                                                                        Michigan Farmers Union            go along with government control    Board of Directors.                  pending in the House Committee Senate Committe on Edu ation.
            "This could not have happened more than                                                                                       of an industry, and the.y are not
                                                                                                        United Dairy Workers, AFL- favorably impressed.                                                            on Education and it is expected It would be well for you to                t
       2 ~ times out of a million if left to chance."             Thi                                CIO
                                                                                                                                                                                 Eugene Roberts of Lake City,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   that they will report h ir rec- your State Senator know how
                                                                                                                                                                              chairman of the MFB State Dairy
                       (Continued on Page 2)                                                                                                    "At one time 26 states had    Commodity Committee; Wallace ommendations to the floor of the you feel about thi Pl'OPO a1.
                                                                                                            Aga"n             Bill          retail price control laws • • •                                        House very soon.
                                                                                                                                                                              Frahm of Frankenmuth, Frank
                                                                                                                                             1 S of them have abandoned                                                It is easy to say that the leg-
                                                                                                                                                                              Merriman of Deckerville, Dick
                                                                                                        Representatives of the Mich-        such controls for one reason                                           islators should compromis        on a
                                                                                                                                                                              Arnold of Plainwell; Robert Sim-
                                                                                                     igan Farm Bureau, Michigan             or another.                                                            tax program. Compromising is
                                                                                                                                                                              mons of Belleville, and Milton
                                                                                                     State Grange, and the Cash and                                           Osborne of Applegate.                pleasant if the other fellow will
                                                                                                      Carry Milk Deal rs Association         "Thes matter have been dis-                                           do the giving in.
                                                                                                     testified against House Bill 429 cussed in our 1,654 Community              Walter W. Wightman of Fenn-
                                                                                                     as price fixing and inviting COIl- Farm Bureau group meetings ...        ville, and Robert E. Smith of           Many of the legi lators feel that
                                                                                                     trols over production.               at annual meetings of County                                             a big majority of their constitu-
                                                                                                                                                                              Fowlervill , president and vice-
                                                                                                                                          Fa m Bureaus ... by our Coun-                                            ents would favor an increase in
                                                                                                                                                                              president of Michigan Farm Bu-
                                                                                                        LEROY D. DUNCKEL, dairy ty Farm Bureau Dairy Commod-                                                       the Sales Tax over any form of
                                                                                                                                                                              reau, spoke against Bill 429.        an income tax.
                                                                                                     farmer of Williamston, was the ity Committees.
                                                                                                     first of 12 farmers to speak                                                William J. Brake of Lansing,         Another group of legislators
                                                                                                     against Bill 429 in behalf of the      "Reports from these discu sions   Master of the Michigan State vote solidly against any Sale
                                                                                                     Michigan Farm Bureau.           M .. to the Michigan Farm Bureau         Grange. told the Committee that Tax boost proposal, 'What tax or
                                                                                                     Dunckel said:                        have shown conclusively that a      the Grange is opposed to a state combination of taxes will finally
                                                                                                        "1 have a dairy farm. I appear large majority of our members          milk marketing act.                  b adopted se ms to be anybody's
                                                                                                     here as chairman of the Legisla- are opposed to milk control legis-         William Austin, representing
                                                                                                     tive Committee of the Board of lation dealing with retail prices.                                                Meanwhile the legi Iative
                                                                                                                                                                              the Cash and Carry Milk Dealers chinery is grinding along much a
                          Women'                  ee at Lanaln'                               Directors of the Michigan Farm               "For the past three years the      Ass'n, said 300,000 families in usual on a big grist 0 proposals.
                                                                                              Bureau.                                   delegates to our state convention     Michigan patronize the stores. He Over 1,000 bills and 37 proposed
   KALAMAZOO    County Farm \OffiCCS of the Farm Bureau com- \ Barry    County Farm   Bureau      "We hav       a membership of         have gone on record on this sub-      charged that under Bill 429 cash constitutional amendments have
Bureau Womcn's Cornrnitt visit- pantes  nd the war houses of Women's Committee visited MFB 72,000 farm families in 74 coun-             ject. Their last statement rela-      and carry dairy stores could be been introduced to date.
M Michigan FarmBureau at l"an.- Farm Bureau   rvtces and Fum- headquarters I April.           ties . ..     It is safe to say tha       tive to state milk marketing con-     eliminat d through price regula-        A total of 261 measures hav
 i      .  1.'           d                                                                  . . t. 1 "'t 'l0 Of loU"         r          trol         opted at the Mich' an    tiona                                b t: n approv      n th       u      f
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             r                   u
                                                                                                           rm ureau                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Michigan to his farm, a distance
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     of approximately one mile. The
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     irrigation system will also be

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                c fi                                                                                 used on his strawberry crop.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Modern equipment is used by
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     the potato grow rs for planting,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                t1   E. IVI                                                                                                          spraying, harvesting and grading.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             e!nbe hip e esefttatl    • fteg10hal
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           or MFB                                                                                    Modern potato storage ware-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      followed to produce these high                                                                                 houses are a common sight on
                                                                                                                                                                      J            on                                Visitors' reaction to Michigan's yields. Fertilization plays an im-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Upper Peninsula is influenced by portant role.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     their farms.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Several farms are equipped
                                                                                                                                            It's June again on Hicks Stree.    I admit l~ve wondered some         its small population in a state so    "Most grower plow under a                                                                                    with washers and a few have fa-
                                                                                                                                                 If wintertime would ever 0 - if June would ever come.            generally bursting with people. green manure crop (usually rye)                                                                                    cilities to wax the potatoes. Such
                                                                                                                                            I shall not see a hundred Jun , but every 0 e I see                      The Upper Peninsula is almost followed by an application of 10                                                                                  equipment can be seen at the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  a third of the entire state in size ton of ba yard manure per acre.                                                                                Arne Penttila farm at Crystal
                                                                                                                                                 Touch me deeper in my eu] and means the more to me.                                                                                                                                                                 Falls. Mr. Penttila is the pre-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  but it only has 300,000 residents Commercial fertilizer is applied
                                                                                                                                            It's June, the ovely month of f owers. The month of Love-in-BlOOm. in a state with nearly 8 million at the rat of 500 to 1,000 pounds                                                                                    ident of the Iron County Farm
                                                                                                                                                 Of blushing brides, of bas ful beaus, of bird songs and pe~fume. people.                             per acre," said Don Rowe, Delta                                                                                Bureau.
                                                          PURPOSE        OF   FA M                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Much of the potato crop is mar-
           • Ungren                                                                                  R presenting'                          The days wax long. The sun • es high. All life accelerates.              These facts seem to indicate county agr'I extension agent.                                                                                      keted locally, but a large percent
                                           Editor                  BUREAU                             OF FARM           I!UfIl!:AU               Sum er ill soon b in the ~ky ~n~ hamme-ring at th gates.         that it is a poor ar a, but it is                                                                                                                  goes to the Chicago and Milwau-
                                                                                                     ·ennedy            .-.Posen, R-l                                                                             actually one of the nation' rich-     Sidney Lucas, a Farm Bureau
     uhscrtpttonr     40 cents a y~ar.                  The purpo    of this A socla-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     kee markets. Potatoes are shipped
                                                                                                                 M ••

 imi      d to Farm Bur           u        emb rs.
                                                     tion shall be the advanc ment                   R pr entt                              The house wren from the IiI e buSh pours music on the ·r.             e t sources or raw materials. member from Garden, Delta                                                                                            to the cities in the lower penin-
                                                     of   ur m mber ' int re     edu-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Copper production alon was val- county, has installed an irrigation
                                                     cationally,   leglslntively  and   FARM    BUREAU       YOUNG          PEOPLE               The cardinal from his lofty perch bidS !resp      r beware.
Vol. 31             June   1, 1959           No.6    economically.                      Harry   Foster •.......................• R-
                                                                                                                            iles,               d I myself, as you can judlJ ,eI    orne hat oft and      ppy,    ued at 52 million in 1956. The system to increase his yield. The
                                                                                                                                                 But what ca e I for dignity?' Ii' June and I am h ppy.           w tern part of th pentnsula has
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  rich deposits of iron ore.
                                                                                                                                            It's shortcake month on Hick Stree 100, for M rthy and for m •
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Th natural beauty of th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Slart Your Own Tre Farm
                                                                                                                                                 Strawberry shortcake, drench d in cream, a gastronomic spree.       peninsula is ailother impor-         McCurdy Bros. Seedlinp         Rave Butlt-lD
                                                                                                                                            With rhubarb and asparagus nd fr h gr n garden peas                                                           Growa bility that Provides Profits.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     tant asset.                              MlD-WEST'S LARGEST PINE TUB
                                                                                                                                                 Who does not like the month of June must be just hard to please.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     The tourist business is big and                        NURSERIES
                                                                                                                                                                                                    • S. Clark                                            .0 Million BigbfiSt Quality an. Most Rea50D-
                          JERRY CORDREY                                                  ~'-----------.;;.-----.,---                                                                                              growing rapidly. The Mackinac
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Bridge opening in 1957 has great-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          ably Priced. Seedlings OD the Market forI
                                                                                           As of Apr i 1 30, the American                                                                                                                                 Spring PIa mg.                                                                                                                     <

          Coordinator of Organization, Michigan                         arm Bureau         Farm Bureau Federation mem-                                                                                            ly influenced tourist traffic.           rREE FARMS FOR SALE-Write           Deott T

      embership i 71, 0 .                            This represents a gain
                                                                                           bership     as 47,676 ah ad of this
                                                                                            arne date last year.
                                                                                                                                                           EDIT                    RIAL                              In past issues we have dis-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  cu sed phases       of agriculture
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Manton, Mieh., for fa iDformati ••••

 of about 300 during May.                            W need Ie than 500                       The Mid-year Series of dis rict                                                                                     which are important in the Up-
 f r ta     oal of 72,3 7.                                                                 meetings h a v        started,     ith
                                                                                                                                                                   (Cotinu    1rom P ge I)                        per Peninsula.      Our farm pro-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  duction is worth $18 million an-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  M*rdy Bros. Nur serles
                                                                                           meetings already h Id in D' trice
                                                                                           1, 4 and 7. These meeting are to                        Dr. Gordon is also s udying the separation of                  nually, most of it coming from
    Cen      e ion made       du 'ng ay. This was                                          be eomplet d during June. Dates                      the male and female producing sperm in cattle.                    dairying, which is holding its
                                                                                            nd place are:                                                                                                         volume despite many farm con-
 th econd egion in the tate to meet thi objec-                                                                                                 sex   control would ena 1 the dairyman to produce                  solidations.
                                                                                              District 5~une 2, Farm Bu-
 tive. Congratulations on a job well done! Region-                                         reau Cent r, Lansing.                               mostly heifer calves a d the beef breeder to grow                                                     The potato is the most im-
 al landings, by per cent of goal, are as folIo si                                            District 6-June       8, Marlette                whichever sex suited h' purpose. Further studies                                                    portant cash crop'   the Up-
                                                                                           M thodi t Church.                                                                                                                                       per peninsula.
  orih East, 100.5%-20 over                               South East,   98.~%- eed 103                                                         may well lead to disco     of mean of controlling
Ceniral,      100%-10 over                                North West, 97.5%-     ed 36        Di trict 8-June       9, Midland                                                                                                                   Large acreages of potatoes are                                      TESTS SHOW                        YOU            CAN               HAVE                    BOTH
E i C nir 1. 99.4 o-Ne d 46                               West Central, 97.3%-    d 186    Community Center.                                   or modifying heredity.                                                                         grown      in   Marquette,    Delta,
Thumb,        99.4%-Need 53                               U. Peninsula, 93.4%-Need 40         Di trict 10 ~une        10, Alcona                                                                                                              Houghton, Iron and Dickinson                                           IF YOU FEED
 outh W        99%- e d 75                                Three tate Farm Bur au have      County Court House, Harrisville.                       These predictions do ot seem fantastic in view                                              counties.
                                                      now . urpass d Americ n Farm            Di trict 10 W-June 11, Inland                    of what has been ace       plished by the Michigan                                                Growers of certified seed in-
                                                      Bureau Federation Goal. In order     Lake Schoo, Indian Riv r.                                                                                                                          clude Edmund Sager, Farm Bu-
                                                      of achiev ments, they are:   ich-       District 9-June 12, Consolidat-
                                                                                                                                               Artificial Breeders Coo er tive at East Lan ing.                                               reau District Director for the U.
                                                      igan; Delaware; and Alabama.         ed School, Mesick.                                  E. A. Wenner, the rna ger, told me that last year                                              P. and potato grower at Stephen-                                                                                               (Medicated Worming Salt)
_-         ;.- __      ~=_~....:...-...-""-'-........,.---  l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              son in Menominee county.
                                                                                              District 3-June      15, Dixboro                 the Association had br d 230,000 cows with about                                                  Vernon Wick of Cornell, with
                                                                                           Church.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  TO YOUR                       DAIRY HEIFERS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              a yield of 635 bushels per acre
                                                                                              District 2-June 16, Hillsdale                    75 sires. The numb r of cows inseminated has                                                   Iast year, and Octave Carignan ,)f                                                            Tests prove that dairy heifers raised on Saltrazine gain faster
                                                                                           High School.                                        increased by 39,000 si ce 1956 including some in                                               Cornell, with a yield of 621 bush-                                                            with greater feed efficiency. Thus they wiN reach breeding
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            weight faster and allow you to keep a smaller replacement herd.
                                                                                              District ll-June    29, American                                                                                                                els, are also certified growers and
                                                                                           Legion Hall, Rapid River.                           Peru, Columbia, Canada and Alaska. Services of                                                 active Farm Bureau members in                                            ::.iIiIllI••••-~     Tests also prove that cows produce more milk When fed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Saltraz:ine until lactation.
                                                                                             The district meetings this year                   the best bulls are being made available to thousands                                           Delta county.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            No maUer how .healthy your dairy herd looks, it has some
                                                                                          will be concerned ith the fol-                       of herds that formerly ad inferior sires.                       Yields over 1,000 bushels per                                                                                                worm parasites which are robbing you of extra profits. Now,
                                                                                          lowing major area:                                                                                                 acre have been recorded. Frank                                                                                                 however, these parasites can be COIl trolled wIth new Hardy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Saltrazine - a combination of phenothiazine (most effecfive
                                                                                             1. Farm Bureau in the chang-                          Great changes for t        improvement of livestock       Falkies and Harold - Woodard,                                                                                                  drug for cOntrolling worms), Hardy Trace Mineral Salt (sup-
                                                                                          ing agricultural economy.                                                                                          both of Cornell and past or pres-                                                                                              plying salt plu; Iron, iodine, cobalt, copper and manganese)
                                                                                                                                                husbandry have been rought about, and there are
                                                                                             2. The job of County Farm Bu-                                                                                   entmembers of the Delta Coun-                                                                                                  plus a tested pa1atizing agent.
                                                                                          reaus and Committees in meet-                         more to come.                                                ty Farm Bureau board of direc-
                                                                                          ing the challenges of change.                                                                                      tors, have been awarded first
       Almost $4 million has been paid to Mich-                                              3. Setting     pecific plans for                                                                                place in the State Potato Grow-
                                                                                                                                                                                 The United States has about ers' Contest.
     Igan farmers for hail-ruined crops by Mich-                                          1959-60.                                          Michigan, along with represen a-
                                                                                                                                                                               400,000 producing oil wells.    Recommended practices are
     igan M utu I Hail In urance during the past                                             4. Electing State Committee                    tiv    from other midwest stat
     48 years.
                                                                                          members.                                          discussing current issues a
                                                                                                                                            problems facing our Americ
       This non-proftt  mutual company provides                                              Thos invited from each coun-
                                                                                                                                            educational ystem.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       and PER
     prompt,   f II' cash   ttlements  for   hall-                                        ty are the member of the follow-
                                                                                           ing Committees: Executive-                          Continued effort on th F
     damaged farm and truck crop.     For its low
     cos you cannot afford to gamble on crop                                               Membership -        Com m u nit y                Bureau Services' Stock and V
                                                                                          Group - Resolutions - Public                       benture Campaign to raise $35 ,.
     protec Ion.
                                                                                          Relations.                                        000 for improved local sup 1y
       Write tod y for further information                      from                         Other activities in June will                  distribution facilities and an e  (1

     one of 300 nearby Michigan      Mutual                      Hail                     include:                                          marketing program. Over 40tOOO
     agents In MIchigan.                                                                                                                    has already been subscribed.
                                                                                             Insurance                  anagers'            you are interested in making A
                OVER          1,000,000        SURPLUS                                    Conferenc at               Hills June             investment, contact your Begion-
                                                                                          a and 9.                                          al Representative or County Farm
                                                                                             Farm Bureau Young People's

     I      I                  UT
                                           A          I   /f}
                                                                                          Leade hip Training Camp at
                                                                                          Clear Lake near Do ling June
                                                                                                                                            Bureau Secretary for Informa-

             107       • Butler
                                      Blvd., Lansing, Mich.
                                                                                            National Education Conference
                                                                                          at Columbus, Ohio, June 28 to
                                                                                                                                            Do You Want
         Phone IV 2-5265                 Fred M. Hector, Sec'y
                                                                                          July 1. This will involve about
                                                                                          18 Farm Bureau leaders from
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               CHECK      THE         PRICES         BELOW          and see why                   your       local,

                                                                                                                                                 rming?                                        PROVEN

                                                                                                                                                                                               Bureau's Unico Weatheramic
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         of     farm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      house and barn paints give
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           us-e on
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Farm           Farm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               buy your
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      dealer    is anxious
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            needs from
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     to have you stop
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    him.     From           June 1st to

                                                                                                                                                     DAN E. REED                                                                                                                                               June 30th he is offering               you first       quality       paint at prices
                                                                                                                                                                                               you your                paint      dollars     worth       .••         and      more.        Longer
                                                                                                                                              Associate Legislative Couns 1
                                                                                                                                                                                               life,      greater             hiding    power,      more covering               capacity          and          you    can't       afford   to   overlook.            0 n't forget                  . . • his
                                                                                                                                            There are some who still thi                       easier application                      make them       well       worth         while.                         aim is to provide           quality      coupled       with        economy.
                                                                                                                                         that all we need to do is to k
                                                                                                                                         thinking up new farm programs,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            No. 201                                                                                             No.      411         SUPER          RED                 BARN
                                                                                                                                        I The path of the past 30 ye                                                                                      UNICO             HOUSE           PAINT
                                                                                                                                         is marked by programs that ha e                                                                    •••    the house paint that is whiter                                                               PAINT         •••      our       best barn                 paint,
                                                                                                                                         been tried and found unworkabl .                                                                   than      white,           and _stays               white.                                          with     a very            high    percentage                  of
                                                                                                                                         -the Farm Board of the '20 , tl e                                                                  Formulated           fer     longer         life,    easy                                           iron     oxide,       pure        linseed            oil     and
                                                                                                                                         corn-hog program, and the vario                                                                    application         and economy.                Equals                                              varnish.            Exceptionally                 long       life,
                                                                                                                                         support and control programs.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            or surpasses          any        two-coat            paint                                          hiding        power        and good col,or re-
                                                                                                                                        I     We narrowly avoided the qui                                                                   on the market.                                                                                      tention.
                                                                                                                                            road to socialized agriculture
                                                                                                                                            "Cost of Production." And eve n                                                                                                 $4.85                gal.~
                                                                                                                                            more narrowly missed the disast
                                                                                                                                            of "High Rigid Supports," h1 h
                                                                                                                                            nobody proposes now.                                                                            No.     251         CUSTOM            ONE·COAT                                                      No. 412         EXTRA              BRIGHT                   REO
                                                                                                                                        I     Tho , including Farm Bur • u
                                                                                                                                            members, who have opposed th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            HOUSE         PAINT          •••      A one-coat                                                    BARN          PAINT        •••     A very               bright
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            formulation          with       exceptional           hId-                                          red     barn        and     ranch           house paint
                                                                                                                                            discredited ideas have, at tim
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1ng powet.                pread       evenly          and                                           of     high    quality,          with        longer           life
                                                                                                                                            b n charged with not bam
                                                                                                                                            plan.                                                                                           levels to a smo th                   tiny      .urlace.                                             than     meet red pain                  •        This      paint
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Contains       organic           mJldewcide            for                                          has excellent              color    retention                and
                                                                                                                                                       is no merit in hay.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            complete       mildew        control.                                                               du rab IIlty.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    5.60                    gal.*

                                                                                                                                                                                        No.            402         STANDARD                 RED        BARN             No.       409       STANDARD             GREY         BARN          4-INCH         WALL            BRUSH •••                 built to give
                                                                                                                                                                                        PAINT.                 Made with           less iron-oxide          and         PAINT,          an economIcal, high quality                grey     service      equal to brushes costing                              much,
                                                                                                                                                                                        oil        than        our       No. 411.           However,        402         barn       paint.          Excellent     covering,         eood     much        more.         Sturdy,       eynthetic                bristles
                                                                                                                                                                                        giVe«; performance                       equal t.o fl         qu Ilty           color     8hd long life.              If you wa       t    grey,    Bet In rubber.             Try        and match the high

                                                                                                                                                                                        barn           paints.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  .os     gal.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            ry our No. 409.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       .80 pa.*
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            quatlty      at this prle~.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     .25         each

                                                                                                                                                                                                        ·Pricee          quoWd are in case lotIC or 6.g.I.                        J)«it lots anti        ,.    applt    ble at most Farm Bureau deaJers in MIchigan.

                                                                                                                  tor part,
                                                                                                                   t in                                                                                                                            THI            COUPO                            ---------------

                                                                                                                                                                                        Always .hop where
                                                                                                                                                                                        uulde   to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       )'OU"                                ERVICES
                                                                                                                                                                                        coupled                h (!C)On-
                                                                                                                                                                                              y.                                             LANI!II~o.
                                      cheeses, cherry •. ut bead, eh rry                                                                                                                                           ad       it                   akin
                                      sauces, ads,      cberry pies, ice                                                                                                                                           E8u Claire.
     orl                     1       Farm Bureau members every-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     All QlPlilTQg'1Ll$ tnA»k~i3ted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  fonn'          rst      asbed
   The fourth annual Northwest wher and friends are invited to                                                                                                                                                    degree water to remov
.Michigan Farm Bureau women's come. About 800 are expected .                                                                                                                                                      Then It's h dro-ccol             with an
 Cherry - Dairy Smorgasbord is Northwest Farm Bureau Wo-                                                                                                                                                          ice- ater spray to remo              h at
 Sunday, June 7 at Twin Lakes men's Committee have made a                                                                                                                                                         and stretch out its "fresh" life.
 4-H Camp, Gilbert Lodge, about real vent of this dinner.                                                                                                                                                            Homemaker           need only to
 5 miles west of Traverse City.
 Dinner is served from 12:30 to All pice
 4:30 p.m. at $1.50 for adults and
                                                                                                                    e           ce                                                                                open the package and cook -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  there's no cleaning or cutting to
                                     Allspice is made from the dried   The first meeting in the United                                                                                                            do. Offered are pear, cut and
 67 cents for children.            berry of a pimento tree, native States to discuss with farmers co-                                                                                                             tips.
   The menu includes baked ham to Central America and the West operatives the American Farm                                                                                                                          The pan-ready product
 Swedish meat balls, vegetables: Indies.                             Bureau's newly opened Trade                                                                                                                  test-marketed        in Detroit
                                                                     Office at Rotterdam, Holland, was                                                                                                            Grand Rapids la t year.              This
                                                                     held at the Michigan Farm Bu-                                                                                                                year it appeared in markets in

     I madeit through the
                                                                     reau May 20.                                                                                                                                 Detroit Grand Rapids, Kalama-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  zoo, Benton Harbor, St. Joseph
                                                                                        Herbert Alp, manager                                                                                                      and Chicago.
                                                                                     Foreign Trade Office, spoke to
                                                                                     representatives of seven Michigan                                                                                                Growers have high hopes for

       long·cold winter!                                                             farmer cooperatives, departments                                                                                              this method of marketing aspar-
                                                                                     of Agr'l Economics and Poultry                                                                                                a~us in fresh form, according to
                                                                                     Science at Michigan State Uni-                                                                                                BIttner. "Not only will it. put
                                                                                     versity, and the Michigan Dep't of                                                         njoy U.S. Turkey                   southwestern Michigan aspara-
                                                                                     Agriculture, Michigan Farm Bu-                                                                                                gus back in the volume fresh
                                                                                     reau, Michigan Ass'n of Farmer                                                                                                market busine s but will render
                                                                                     Cooperatives, Michigan Farmer.
                                                                                       He said that the purpose of the
                                                                                     Rotterdam office is to help farmers
                                                                                                                                        So You Thi)                           mental habits and good forms of a service to the consumer who
                                                                                                                                                                              physical exercise are correcti ve each year is buying more and
                                                                                                                                                                              measures for the older group.        more 'built-in' services."
                                                                                     cooperatives, U. S. companies, and
                                                                                     other private exporters find buy-
                                                                                     ers in Europe for their products.
                                                                                                                                        Yo Are                                   "I have a patient who has
                                                                                                                                                                              been retired three times, - as A sa sin
                                                                                                                                                                              a grade school teacher,           33
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Our term 'assassin' comes from
                                                                                        The Foreign Trade Office had
                                                                                      an open house March 26 which
                                                                                      was attended by citizens and
                                                                                                                                        Gr ina 0, d?    U
                                                                                                                                                                              a teacher for retarded         chil- the Arabic word for 'addicts of the
                                                                                                                                                                              dren, and finally as a substitute
                                                                                                                                                                              teacher. She is still teaching part hemp'. This hemp was a relative
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   of our marijuana,      which put                                           impl tilting frame of pipe It 8 two me.n and a tra •
                                                                                                                                                  NAR UNGREN                  time as a substitute, and at the                                                                              tor tip large concrc panels into place in minu       I
                                                                                      buyer s representing Holland,
                                                                                                                                                    ichigan Farm News         School for the Blind. She is ~sers under a spell, during which
                                                                                     France, Germany and other na-                                                                                                 they would do
                                                                                                                                                                              studying Braille and is going to were told to do. anything they
                                                                                     tions.                                                A few eeks ago at a confer-
                                                                                        'Ihe open house featured dis-
                                                                                     plays of many food products from
                                                                                                                                        ence at M higan State Univers-
                                                                                                                                        ity I hea d Dr. Frederick C.
                                                                                                                                                                              Europe this summer at 79.
                                                                                                                                                                                 "Some say the old are those                                                        "Quick, easy' iI ·
                                                                                     the United States, including frozen                Swartz of Lansing speak on            over 65. If that is so, there are         our Farm Bureau
                                                                                     turkey and poultry meat, fresh and
                                                                                     canned fruits, tomato juice, meat
                                                                                                                                        "Growing      d." He is chairman
                                                                                                                                        of the Com .ttee on Aging of th
                                                                                                                                                                               15,200,000 such oldsters in the
                                                                                                                                                                              United States.
                                                                                                                                                                              th m are employed.
                                                                                                                                                                                                   early half of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         EED                         make olid cone ete
                                                                                     products, feed grains.                            American M dical Association.
                                                                                        Mr. Alp said Rotterdam was
                                                                                     selected because it is a trade cen-
                                                                                                                                           Dr. Swartz aid in part:
                                                                                                                                           "We are ih erested in making
                                                                                                                                       growing old        respectable and
                                                                                                                                                                                   ine million older persons are
                                                                                                                                                                              on Social Security. In this group
                                                                                                                                                                              th average estate for a couple
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     a eal money· aver!"
                                                                                     ter for Europe as well as being
                                                                                                                                       productive exp rience.                 was $9,600 iR 1956. In addition
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   recommend that you
                                                                                     the seaport that does the second
                                                                                                                                           "When I wa young some peo-         they had life insurance averaging

                              Illust.rat lon Copyright, Standard           Brands
                                                                                     largest business in the world.
                                                                                        Farm Cooperatives represented
                                                                                                                                       ple in their ea ly 50's could be
                                                                                                                                       considered old. Today few in
                                                                                                                                                                              $1,800per couple."                                 PL                  T
                              Inc., 1951\. Used by Permission.                       at the Lansing meeting were:                      their 60's are re ly old. In the
                                                                                     Great Lakes Cherry Producers,                     age group of 70 are many who                                                              "PIPER"
                                                                                     Cherry Growers, Inc., Michigan                    look 50.                                                                                                                         For lifetime farm helter, here's a new t chniqu that

               PL                 ASE                                                Elevator Exchange, Michigan Bean
                                                                                     Shippers Ass'n, Michigan Proces-
                                                                                     sed Apple Bargaining Cooperative,
                                                                                     Grant Vegetable Growers Coop-
                                                                                                                          "We've had gre changes and
                                                                                                                       more are coming         the idea of
                                                                                                                       what is old. App ranee is not
                                                                                                                                                                                               cady                                       for
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        delivers what you want at cost that are often far I s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        than you'd pay for "temporary"   structure •

          ,DON'T NEGLECT ME, jusl                                                    erative.                          the measure of aging.
                                                                                                                          "We in medicine d not believe,                                       agus, ~                                                               Concrete walls start out like floors! They're cast Bat. h n;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     with farm tractor power and a triangular tilting fram ,s -
           because I'm oul on paslure.                                               ,Columbus                         and we hope that         ou do not                                                               Emer ency                                    tiona are tilted into place. a.nel sizes up to 10' 10' mean

      \I still need a feed that will help
                                                                                        Columbus, Ohio, is the world's believe that what yo see is the
                                                                                     largest city named for Christo- process of aging. Time alone does
                                                                                     pher Columbus.                    that.
                                                                                                                                                                                                ·odu                      asture
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     fast completion. No complicated equipment. No sp cia! mi
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     You get 3%" thick walls that can really tak abuse.
                                                                                                                          "We are beginning to see that                                                                                                                 Fire, rodents and weathe can't hurt concrete. Th          no
                                                                                                                       diet, exercise, and modern meth-                          Asparagus grower in south-
       me get back into top condition.                                                                                                                                        western Michigan were market-        Sudan         grass      provides         more    rust or rot, no painting or other upke p. "Tilt-up" con      te
                                                                                                                       ods of medicine can do much for                                                                                                               saves both time and dollars.
      Feed me:                                                                                                         the person growing older.        ('                    ing a new product this year.         succulent            nutritious        forage
                                                                                                                                                                              It's pan-ready asparagus,            during        July      and       August    in       Write for booklet, "Construction Details for Tilt-up Concrete
                                                                                                                          "We know that the learning ca-
                     FARM        au      E U                                                                           pacity of the older group is good.
                                                                                                                       One must be interested in some-
                                                                                                                                                                                 Working with Jack Bittn 1',
                                                                                                                                                                              district marketing agent with
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   nual     crop.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    than    any      other    an.    Farm Buildings."

                                                                                                                       thing that will stimulate the mind                     M i chi g a n State   University,

  B        (Mixed with
                         Yyour home-grown
                                                                                                                       to prevent forgetfulness.
                                                                                                                                         "We have learned      that
                                                                                                                                                                              growers developed this new pro-
                                                                                                                                                                              duct and it attracti ve, pia tic
                                                                                                                                                                                Michigan                                                              r
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        PORTLA D C ME
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ASSOCI TIO
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     2108 Michigan N'ational lowe,
                                                                                                                                                                               P      ti   T nc., i   aarketing                                                                Lansing 8, Michigan
                                                                                                                                                                              tne new product with the co-                                            EAU
                                                                                                                                                                              operation of the Millburg Grow-
                 See your     local   Farm    Bureau        dealer.                                                                                                            ers Exchange, Benton Harbor,                                DEALE                      A national organization to improve and extend the u es 0/ concr tc
                 He has     a feed for your        every     need.

                 FEED DEPARTMENT                                                                                                                HUGO E. KIVI
      FARM BUREAU SERVICES,                                  NO.                                                                        U. P. Regional Representative
                                                                                                                                          Leadership training meetings
                                                                                                                                       have been held in the U. P. coun-
                                                                                                                                       ties with Sheldon Lowry of Mich-
                                                                                                                                       igan State University conducting
                                                                                                                                       the meetings.

 from                                                                                                                                     This purpose was to assist group
                                                                                                                                       officers in conducting group meet-
                                                                                                                                       ings and discussions, and to learn
                                                                                                                                       how to improve the overall Farm

  a farm r'
                                                                                                                                       Bureau program.
                                                                                                                                          The Upper Peninsula Dairy
                                                                                                                                       Committee has been organized

    •    ••
                                                                                                                                       with each county being repre-
                                                                                                                                       sented by two members from the
                                                                                                                                       County Dairy Committee.
                                                                                                                                          The regional committee was set
                                                                                                                                       up to study problems affecting the t
                                                                                                                                       dairy industry in the U.P. and
                                                                                                                                       plan programs that can be car-
                                                                                                                                       ried out through the Farm Bureau

                           •                                                                                                           organization .
                                                                                                                                          Other meetings have been held

                           Ires                                                                                                        to discuss the proposed changes in
                                                                                                                                       the manufacturing milk regula-
                                                                                                                                       tions and the U. P. Federal Milk
                                                                                                                                       Marketing Order.
                                                                                                                                                                                                        June or any time's a good time
                                                                                                                                                                                                       to enjoy wonderful dishes made
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          delicious and healthful.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          to serve. Put Milk an Cheese,

                                                                                                                                         May 27 the U.P_ Dairy Corn-
                                                BUY NOW!                                   Biggest Values                              mittee met at Marquette to draw
                                                                                                                                       up plans for the promotion of fluid                             with dairy foods. They're so                                       Butter, Cottage Chee e a                           ce
                                                                                            I ncludes     all       sizes, white       milk and other dairy products.
                                                DURING Y·HE                                                                              Attending as resource people
                                                                                            Or    blackwall,            tube      or
                                                                                                                                       were representatives of the Agr'l                                                                                                  Cream on your shopping                                t
                                                                                           tubeless      • • • now             from
                                                                                                                                       Extension Service, American Dairy

                                                Big                                                                                                                                                                                                                       this week.
                                                                                           your    Farmers            Petroleum        Association, State Dairy Inspection
                                                                                           Co-op      Dealer.                          and Michigan Milk Producers As-
                                                                                           Biggest Savings                               Farm safety surveys have be n
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  AMERICA                OAI V
                                                                                                                                       conducted by the Farm Bureau
                                                                •                           Economy                 pr-ices     for    Women's Committees in Chippewa,

                                                 prl g                                      UNICO'S top quality,
                                                                                           I ine tires
                                                                                                          •••       best on the
                                                                                                   and on the highway.
                                                                                                                               first   Menominee, Mackinac-Luce, Mar-
                                                                                                                                       quette - Alger, Baraga and Delta
                                                                                                                                       counties. The results of the e sur-
                                                                                                                                       veys will be used to plan. safety
                                                                                                                                       programs in the counties.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        ASSOCIATION OF MICHl                                A

                                                                                                PROVED BEST                              Chippewa County Farm Bureau

                                                    ,3                                      FOR FARMERS

                                                                                                                                       has made plans for its second an-
                                                                                                                                       nual Farm Bureau Day at the
                                                                                                                                       Pickford Hall Saturday, June 20.
                                                                                                                                       Mrs. Marjorie Karker will speak.

   ¥Yours on very Unico Tire                                Engineer d to Outlast Them All                                             Ionia Fair Cafeteria
   Double    Guarantee,    exclusive   with
   UN ICO, that   protects you two ways:
                                                            Today's        trucks,   tractors    and cars are built             to     Aut     10.15
   1-Guaranteed   materIals and workman.                    take      It    under    the  Farm Bur au Young People will
                                                                                           toughest      field       and      road
   ship.  2-Guarantecd                 ccndl ions. That'
                           against all road                Why you need proven- best
                                                                                       operate their cafeteria at the Ionia
                                                                                       Flee Fair Augu t 10-15 for the
                                       UN ICO first  line'  tires.
                                                                                       17th year. County groups are be-
                                                                                       ginning to schedule volunteer help
        UNICO TIRES ARE SOLD ONLY AT FARMERS PETROLEUM DEALERS                         for one day during the fair. Earn-
                                                                                       ings made by this project are used
                                                                                       to finance tours and other educa-
                                                                                       tional projects of Farm Bureau
                          F R E                E OLEU                        00            R TI E, I O.
                                                                                       Young P ople.
                                                                                          The group plans to operate an I
                                                                                       apple [uice booth as usual, at
               4,000 N. Orand River                                Lansing, Michigan I Michigan Stat o Fair, Septemb r
                                                                                                                                       4 1 .
                                          1\1ichigan Farm Bureau office
                              a'man        nd war hou e a Lansing. Clar-
                                                                                                                                                                ions from 1849 up to the Pres It showed two films on cancer.              and folded 9 dozen cancer band- life with that of her people.
                                                                                                                                                                rime."                                  Osceola County.      Citizenship vges as the county is using them         Many que tions were asked
                                           nc Kin was      most graciou                                                                                            Mrs, Bruce Guggles from TU3- wa the opic at our last meeting. faster than we can supply them. about educa ion h re as compar-
            n County. All                  o .
    arm                                              Member of the
                                                                                                                                                               cola was elected chairman         d Ray DeWitt, Farm Bureau Re-               Gratiot County. Our bean cook- ed with hers. She said they at-
                                                    tere ting    information    about
                                                                                                                                                               will take office in September.        gional Repre entative, spoke on book may be publi hed in the t nd school longer                   and carry
                                                                                                                                                                   West Huron Women's Com it- Good Citiz n hip and covered the near future.                                     more studie . Th y go to chool
                                                  ·'arm Bureau at the State level:
                                                   Jill Ea tman, organization and                                                                                ee met April 27 at Sebewang subject             ery 'adequately. Mr         We are trying to get a Mobile six day a week.
                                                  .istory; Earl Huntley, petroleum;                                                                            E. U. B. Church, with 35 pres nt. Evelyn Gingrich,          peaking on X-Ray Unit into the county for              V ry few students have a car
                                                 .rving L Blanc, insurance; Dan                                                                                  Tine women of the west sid at- Civil Defense, said 0 ceola Coun- the use of adults.                            or are able to hav part time em-
      proclaim~d M ! 1, 1958 by Pre. -, ~e d, legislation; Eldon Smith,                                                                                        tended the District spring rreet- ty ha supplies in readine s.                                                   ployment. We enjoyed a book of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Mrs. Mulholland and Mrs. Mac-
      Id nt Dwigh        1 enhower H said         arm uppli .                                                                                                  ing.                                                                                                             fashions that she displayed, com-
                                                                                                                                                                                                        Oceana County Women's Com- Laren gave a very interesting and
        ~c.h.i.ndividua~ ha. these respon           W w re conducted on a tour                                                                                    A Detroit Edison representative mitte. Although I have not been complete report on the Rural plete with patt rns for all articl-
        ibtlit!   to maintain: (1) rul of )f th office building, Farmer                                                                                         va our guest speaker an gave reporting new from this county Health Conference held April Bth E"S in the book. Miss Gehbauer is
      ] w, (2) jury duty, (3) votin . . trol urn and Farm Bur au S r-                                                                                          'uggestion and idea       on home recently, the women have been and 9th at Kellogg Center.                       a senior at the Merrill High
      (4) ir dam of sp ch and free- /Ic s warehouses. We also visit-                                                                                            ighting.                             having regular meetings and ac-         A legislative report was given School and is now staying with
      dam of pr        .                          d th field se d cleanin plant                                                                                   We have our June mee :ng at compli hing thing . Minute dat- by Mrs. Schaef r on upcoming Dr. and Mrs. Gilmore.
                A abi an Hor e Show will nd war hous , and the arden                                                                                           the joint East-West Huron Rural ing back from December wer bills. She urged the members to'                        We had as our guests Mrs, Al-
             held on the Youth Fair .eed d partment.                                                                                                          meeting on June 9 at Uby.                                                                                        bert Schmiege, chairman of Dist-
      Ground Jun 13-14. Mrs. Robt ..                Lunch was served u                                                                                                                               sent me by the former secretary. study them and inform their rep- rict 8, Mrs. B. H. Baker, secre-
                                                                                                                                                                  Lapeer County.     ched les for Mrs. C. T. Reed of New Era who resentatives on their ideas.
     Burandt, Mr . Walter Wellington, lunch room. Chairman Loui e                                                                                             the free chest x-ray unit in th had had to resign because of                                                     tary of District 8, Mrs. Florence
     Mr . Robt. Knuth and Mrs. Wi!- .smith conducted our business                                                                                                                                                                            An invitation was announced Shankel, a former chairman of
                                                                                                                                                                 ounty were given out at he May failing vision.                           from Grace Rowell of Alma High Gratiot county, Mrs.
       i m And rson were appointed meeting.                   Tw nty _ on groups                                                                                 5 meeting.
     to m t with a committ            from were pres nt.                                                                                                                                                Mrs. Reed won first prize in School to accompany the Future Thurlow of Midland COUz:1ty,              and
                                                                                                                                                                  Roger Foerch distributed the Michigan in the American Farm Nurses to Kalamazoo to tour the
     th Lion' Club of B rrien coun-                Marg Karker announced the                                                                                     ules, suggestions and forms to Bureau's Citizenship Essay Con- hospital there.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Mrs. Ethel Nichols, our secre-
     ty, spon or of the show, to work Women's Camp at Twin Lakes,                                                                                             oe filled out for the dety sur- test in 1958 on "What Freedom
     out plan fo ervin meal at the near Traverse City, June 2-3-4.                                                                                                                                                                           Isabella Count. Mr. Wasson of
                                                                                                                                                               vey of Farm Bureau families.          Means to Me." Mrs. Forrest DWl- Farmers Petroleum Co-op., Inc.
        or      how.                            Mrs. Frank Snyder was appoint-
         Som of us will attend camp ed delegate to Camp.                                                                                                          Eight women h ve registered ham was elected to succeed Mrs. said Americans are the most                                              9
                                                                                                                                                              •or N. W. Camp.                        Reed.
     at Twin Lak n ar Traver           City        Aft r having our pictures taken                                                                                                                                                        fault-finding people in the world Mrs. Oliver Tompkins, Chairman
                                                                                                                                                                  Eighteen dollars was contri-                                            today, and yet we have the most,              Traverse City R-I
     June 2-3-4th.                              we departed for home feeling
         We shall have an evening meet- well repaid for our day's visit.
                                                                                                                                                              outed toward camp expenses for                    District                  and are the wealthiest. Half of
                                                                                                                                                                he Young People.      en dollars                                                                                  Like Alice in Wonderland, the
     ing June 16.                               Thanks to all who m de this a                                                                                 was given to the career fund.          Mrs. Albert Schmiege. Chairman the world's population lives in country seems wonderfull-er and
         Cass County. Mrs. James Mini- pleasant day for us.                                                                                                                                                     Chesaning R-2             one room homes, while we are
    s e was the hostess for the Farm                                                                                                                              Sanilac County, JTels Johnson                                            only one-seventh of the popula- wonderfull-er.
    Bureau Women's Committee May                                                                                                                               ,f Mio, assistant Fo st and Wild-                                                                                  Climate-wise everything in the
                                                           District 2                                                                                                                                   Arenac    CountY. Legislative, tion and have plenty of room.           book has been thrown at us this
    5th with Mrs. Lee Bakeman con-                                                                                                                            t ife Ecologist for .he American
                                                                                                                                                                                                     safety and information chairman         Midland County. Mrs. Philip spring, and it all com~s out
    ducting th meeting.                        Mrs. Geo. Crise1'\bery. Chairman                                                                               Paper Box Board Co., spoke at gave their reports. Mrs. Sage Stark talked on the history of
         Our Rural-Urban meeting will                        Jackson R-8                                                                                      our May meeting. He showed spoke on mental health in our Michigan and its resources. It beautiful and full. of promise.
    b June 2nd. Our plans include                                                                                                                            slides and gave       n interesting State.                                                                           Benzie County Women's Com-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          was announced that Tsuur Naka-             (Continued on Page 5)
    touring Milhan Park, potluck pic-              107 ladies attended our District                                                                          talk "Deer and Aspen." The group           Bay County Women's Com- tani, a student from Japan who
    nic dinner and touring the Kala- meeting at Onsted May 12. Max                                                                                            voted to give $!O to the cancer mittee had luncheon at the Mercy was sponsored by Farm Bureau, MICHIGAN                           FARM      NEWS
    mazoo cr amery.                            Cochran of the Dep't of Public                                                                                 fund. An all-day tour of Midland Hospital cafeteria. Mrs. Schlick-
              Joseph County. Farm Bu- Instruction and Philo Rich, man-                                                                                       nas been planned for June 2.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          is being married.                   4                   June 1, 1959
                                                                                                                                                                                                     er and Mrs. Wackerle reported           Members are urged to com-
        au Women's committee was ager of the Farm Bureau Garden I
    v ry interested May 4 by films Seed Dep't, spoke to us.
                                                                                                                                                                  St. Clair County. Mrs. Geo. on the event of the District meet-
                                                                                                                                                             Meharg enterjained the Women's ing in Mt. Pleasant.                          municate their tax ideas and,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          sentiments to their Senators and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              M rs. Bacon Rel-.res
    shown by a kitchen planning                   Officers were elected: Mrs.
    company.                                   George Crisenbery, chairman; Mrs.
                                                                                                                                                             Committee at Brockway Town-                Mrs. Irene Swinson and Mrs
                                                                                                                                                                hip Hall. Chairman Mrs. Geo. William Schmidt are delegates to Representatives.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Four. of our ladies are planning
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              As Counly ecrelary
        Th even work centers, which Roy Lord, vice chairman; Mrs.                                                                                            Pohl presided. Michigan Week attend Camp at Twin Lakes.
    are a woman's workshop, were Belle S. Newell, secretary-treas-                                         ic    an' Dairy Pr· c                             was observed with a special pro-          lternates are Mrs. Henry Koch June.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          to attend Northwest Camp in             Mrs. Carl R. Bacon of Kalama-
    pictured taken in a 50 foot trail- ur r.                                                                                                                                                                                                                               .   zoo R-5 has retired as secretary
                                                                                          MISS MARY SUE HODGE. 21, school teacher and church organ-          gram of slides of the new Mack- and Mrs. Gust Schlicker.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               of Kalamazoo County Farm. Bu-
    er,-but can be adapted to meet                The people of Jackson county is Michigan's Dairy Princess for ist. During the past eight years             inac Bridge and Michigan's early                                                S a gin
                                                                                                                                                                                                        We toured Greenfield village Committeea w County Women's reau after 13 years of service.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        entertained 0 the r
    any woman's kitchen, and are were saddened this week by the 1959. She was chosen May 20 at her 4-H activities have included                              lumber industry. The June meet •. May 14.
   particularly adaptable to handi- passing of Roy Hatt, who r cently Michigan State University from a wide variety of county and                                                                                                                                     .           She was honored May 3 by of-
                                                                                                                                                             ing will be with Mrs. Pohl.                The bed rails we ordered are members to help stimulate more ficers and members of the County
   capped people.                              resigned as vice president of our a group of 40 lovely talented state posts and awards.                            Tuscola County. Rural-Urban in use at the hospital. We have interest in women's activities. Farm Bureau at a potluck din-
        Anoth r film pictured on elec- County Farm Bureau.                                                                                                  Day was May 13. Mrs. Frank a standing invitation to have a Mrs. Warren Watson introduced ner at the County Center.                                She
                                                                                       County Dairy Princesses.                 Judges chose her on the basis
   tronic kitchen which will be                   Branch County. Mrs. Marshall                                                                               Satchell was program chairman. meeting at the hospital every Miss Uta Gehbauer, an exchange was presented with two beauti-
   shown at a fair in Moscow. Mrs. Fair entertained the Women's                           Miss Hodge is the daughter of of her dairy farm background
                                                                                                                                                            Over 50 invitations were issued year.                                         student f~om Ge:many: She told ful pieces of luggage by the'
   Virgil Miller was in charge of Committee May 8 with 10 groups Mr. and Mrs. Ward G. Hodge of and experience, her knowledge
   this program.                                                                       Snover R-l, Sanilac county. She o~ the nutritive value of dairy      to women's organizations in the            Clare County. The Rural-Urban us many m.terestmg things about County Farm Bureau. The Wo-
                                              present.                                 is a student of home economics at products, her poise, personality,  county to invite a delegate to rep- Conference for June 11 was dis- her home hfe, and compared our j men's .Committee gave her a love-
       Mrs. Carl Lewis conducted th              Our health chairman discussed
  business meeting. A nominating th work of the planning com- Michigan State University and attractiveness, intelligence and
                                                                                       will graduate in June. She would her ability to speak.
                                                                                                                                                            resent their club for the day.          cussed and committees were ap-
                                                                                                                                                                 NINETY-SEVEN ladies gather- pointed. Mrs. Kapplinger will be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Tsuru aka ani                          ly tram case.
  committee, Miss Ethel Huff, Mrs.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Mrs. Bacon and her husband
                                              mittee in the county and the land like to work in consumer educa-                                             ed at 10 a.m. at the farm of Mr. chairman of the meeting.
       ebb Ellsworth, Mrs. Richard
  Wenzel, and Mrs. Leo Eccles, will
                                              use maps. Safety chairman warn- tion.
                                                                                                                                Miss Hodge will represent the
                                                                                                                             state's dairy industry at many & Mrs. Carl Mantey at Fairgrove            Our group is buying hearing
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Married May 23                         were among the I organizers of
                                                                                                                                                            to view the farm operations. The aid batteries for one of the pa-                                                 Kilowatt Community Farm Bu-
  present nominations for new ed plastic bags are dangerous                              Her father says she can do events this year. Glenn Lake,                                                                                           Miss Tsuru Nakatani, of Tokyo,
  chairman, vice chairman and a playthings for children. Mr. Whit- about any job on the family's president of Michigan Milk Pro-                            Mantey's are producers of certi- tients at the State Home and and friend of many women in ~eau in 1942. In 1946 she was in-
  financial secretary.                        ten discussed civil defense.             320 dairy farm and does, along ducers Ass'n, crowned the Prin-       fied seed corn and oats. A visit Trainmg School at Mt. Pleasant. Michigan Farm Bureau, was mar- zited to become secretary-trea-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               .urer of the County Farm Bureau,
       Our Rural-Urban day June 2 is             Calhoun County. At our May with her six brothers and sisters. cess and presented her with gifts            to their spacious home was en-
                                                                                                                                                                                                       Being Michigan Week, a film ried May 23 to Paul Andrew vhere her business college train-
  in charge 0 Mrs. Zoe Flanders.              meeting Mrs. Ross gave a very She helps with milking whether for traveling.                                  joyed.
                                                                                                                                                                                                    "Lumbering Era in Michigan" 1yogo Natori. Farm Bureau vrc- .ng came; in very handy. She
       July plan call for a picnic to instructive report on "The Present it is 5 a.m. or 5 p.rn.                                Miss Ruth Ann Avery of Homer     Pot luck lunch was at the 4-H
                                                                                                                                                           building in Caro at noon.                was shown. Lee Townsend told men sponsored her as Ja student vas most helpful in enabling
  Contin ntal Can Company. In Attitude of the United States to-                          Mary Sue is a graduate of and Miss Joyce Arnett of Otsego                                                  the history.                         at Michigan State University.        :{alamazoo County Farm Bureau
  August, Miss Eth 1 Huff will be wards the Unit d Nations."                           Marlette high school, a Sunday were chosen as alternates.                 Our county chairman, Mrs.                                                  Miss Nakatani wrote to Mrs. A. nembership establish its quota
                                                                                                                                                           Mack Little, welcomed the group             Each community group has
  in charg of th library program.                The Women's Committee served                                                                                                                       given its contribution     to help B. Eley of Constantine, R-l, April 'or Blue Cross-Blue Shield. She
       A letter and a wedding an- the dinner for the Board of Di-                                                                                          and introduced special guests                                                 24: "It has been very warm and vas a contributor to the County
  nouncement          were read      rom rectors and j vited guests. Ser-                                                                                  Mrs. Allison Green, wife of Rep- build Camp Kett. Mrs. Marg Kar- people are wearing                       summer 'arm Bureau paper.
                                                                                                                                                           resentative Green, and Mrs. Deh-         ker told of the history of "As-
  Tsuru Nakatani of Japan. She geant Bilkin spoke on accidents                                                                                                                                      sociated County Women of the dress. I am sure it will be hot                 Mr. and Mrs. Bacon live on a
  spent some time in St. Joseph in Calhoun County in Hi58. Dan                                                                                             mel, wife of Senator Arthur A.                                                May 23. I shall have a hard .0 acre place where they grow
                                                                                                                                                           Dehmel.                                  World." The purpose is to bring
  County a few years ago. She will Reed poke on Farm Bureau                                                                                                                                                                              time wearing a Japanese wedding ris commercially. Mr. Bacon is an
                                                                                                                                                                                                    better understanding. Mrs. Kar-
 marry Paul Andr w Ryogo Na- policies.                                                                                                                           Dr. Edward Miles of Caro ker expects to ttend the con- kimono at the reception. I shall .gent for the Farm Bureau In-
 tori, and will continue to wor                  Noble Moore, prosecuting at-                                                                              spoke on cancer.                                                              wear a white dress at the cere- .urance Companies.
                                                                                                                                                                                                    vention in Scotland this August. mony at church. ..             We shall
 as assistant director of ext n ion torney, described the many duties                                                                                            We had representatives from                                                                                     The new secretary is Miss Mary
 work in Japan.                              of a prosecutor.                                                                                                                                          Gladwin County. Mrs. Marge see you this fall in Michigan."-             \gar and the office is at her
                                                                                                                                                           the Women's Study Clubs, P.T.A., Karker was speaker for our Civil
      Reports were given by Mrs.                 Hillsdale County. We met at                                                                                                                                                             Tsuru Nakatani, 19 Akashi-Cho-         ome, 5130 South 12th street,
                                                                                                                                                           Eastern Star, Hobby Club and Defense meeting May 6. ~W cut             e
 Schug on Bill 91 concerning the Ranson Congregational Church                                                                                              others.                                                                       Chuo-Ku, Kiyosato, Tokyo, Japan. Kalamazoo.
 schools and hospitals.                      for a smorgasbord luncheon to
     Kalamazoo County Wo                     celebrate Michigan Week with                                                                                                          7
                                                                                                                                                                             Dis ~ict
 Committee, 32 of us, toured                 Michigan products.
                                                     s. Frances DeArkos told us
                                            her experience with children hav-
                                                                                                                                                                    Mrs. Walter Harger, Chairman
                                                                                                                                                                            Stanwood B-2
                                                                                                                                                                                                        The Home Flower Garden
                                            ing learning difficulties.        Four
                                             steps she uses to help in learning
                                                                                                                                                                     Mason County. Such a thorough                      H                   Or w New Plants from Old
                                                                                                                                                                   report was given of their May
                                             are: (1) Making a book; (2) Using
                                                                                                                                                                  meeting by Mrs. Albert Lang-                H.L. R.CHAPMAN
                                             a typewriter; (3) Reading material                                                                                                                                                            to the conditions to which the able, use in its place sifted peat
                                                                                                                                                                  feldt and on such an important             Garden Clubs Lecturer
                                            that i easy enough; (4) commen-                                                                                                                                                                cuttings have been subjected.         moss.
                                                                                                                                                                  topic, that I believe it should be
                                            dation in generous amounts.
                                                                                                                                                                  brought to the attention of our         Continuing the article of last     Fortunately cuUings do indicate       Always. sterilize the potting
                                                A list of materials suitable for
                                            the Fort Custer State Home proj-            MISS RUTH ANN AVERY. 18, I MISS JOYCE ANN ARNETT. readers.                                                     month, "How to Grow New Plants to the observant gardener that soil for house plants by heating
 u tat s' Rights" bill.       The Com- ect as read.                                  was chosen as an alternate Dairy I 17, was chosen an alternate Dairy            Mrs. Marjorie Karker spoke on from Old," I want to say some- roots are being produced by pro- in the oven at a temperature of
 mit e vo e w 17 to 15. A switch                Jackson County. At our May Princess May 20 at Michiga                       Prince s May 20 at Michigan Citizenship and said that Com- thing now about the treatment ducing a new flush of very green 200 degrees for thirty minutes.
 of 0 . vot          uld have killed th ,me. ing w .accepted all S.ate Sta e University.                      She is the State         niv sity.   She is the munism is infiltrating           every necessary as soon as the plant leaves at the growing point Jf                 The young plants of Philoden-
bi! .' •                                    P      edk       "           I
                                                                                     daughter of Mr. and .Mrs, elvin daught r of Mr. and Mrs. Roy phase of our society. It is our material has produced roots.                             the cutting.                         dron should be potted in 3 inch
        h Ac provides that "unless              Plans were made for Rural- C. Avery who operate a 133 acre Arnett who have an 80 acre dairy No.1 enemy.                                                  When leaf or stem cuttings are      Lear! cuttings such as African pots in a mixture of three-fourths
there is a direct and positive con- Urban Day at Northwest School, farm • at Homer, R-l, Calhoun farm at Otsego, R-l, Allegan                                        To counteract Communism w~ placed in a soil medium inside a violets indicate that rooting is rubbed peat moss and one-fourth
flict between an Act (of Con- Thursday, June 11. Marlie Drew county.                                                      I county.                               should read and listen to news propagating case (See May 1 edi- taking place by producing a new sandy loam, mixed thoroughly.
gress) and a State law so that the will be our speaker.                                 Miss Avery is a senior at              Miss Arnett is a senior at Ot- about it and keep up on what our tion) very little watering will be plant of one or more leaves close                Some home gardeners raise
two cannot be reconciled or con-                Mrs. Faist gave a fine report on Homer Community high school sego high school and plans to legislators are doing about Com- necessary after the first thorough to the stem and just above soil young house plants such as Chin-
sistently stand togethe State la            the Rural Health Conference in and plans to attend Ferris In- enroll at Borgess School of NUl": munism.           _                                                                            level.
                                                                                                                                                                                                      watering. One of the objects of a                                         ese Evergreens,   Wandering Jew,
shall continu to b valid and in Lansing.                                             stitute. Ruth Ann has dairy cat- ing at Kalamazoo this fall. She                We should realize that the pat- propagating case is to maintain                                            and occasionally African violets
  ff ct.                                           ay 15 we gave a testimonial tle which she raised as 4-H club has won 6 blue ribbons in 4-H tern that the Communism follows moisture around the cuttings and                                                                  by placing the cuttings in tumb-
    Farm Bureau ha long                     dinne for our r tiring president, projects. She showed the grand ~~rk. She is. a membe;r of the is to force excessive taxation, in the soil at all time.                                                                            lers or pars filled with water.
thi principl.                               Mrs. Ruth Day and her family. champion Guernsey cow at the citizens .plannmg committee for supreme importance of govern-                                     It is well to keep an eye on                                              Several plants can be encour-
                                                                                     Calhoun County Fair in 1955 and a new high school, IS an excel- ment, and no religion. We should the rooting medium and if it                                                              aged to produce roots in water
                                                    S   had         County Pres-     1957. She has held many 4-H len~ speaker and deb~ter. Other talk to people and emphazise the shows signs of becoming dry add                                                               but they will require extra care
                                                ident for 8 years and on the
                                                Board of Directors 33 years.
                                                                                      ..                .         I         activities include editor of her awful danger in Communism.
                                                                                     clu.b.o:flces, IS ~ leade~ in sch~l school paper, reporter for Kala-
                                                                                                                                                                                                      water.                                                                    at the time of potting. Quite often
                                                                                                                                                                    Mecosta County Women's C9m-                                                                                 as the roots are produced in
                                                There were sev ral State Farm activities, and IS a fine public mazoo Gazette and Otsego Union,                                                           Proper ventilation for the pro-                                        water they have a tendency to
                                            Bureau people and over 200 speaker.                                            and president of the Drama Club. mittee decided that a vacation in pagating case is important in en-                                                 bunch together which necessitates
                                            members from th county who                                                                                           the upper peninsula could be couraging the cuttings to remain
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               great care in handling and
                                           came t         xpr s their admiration sing and toured the ,main office compared Christianity and Com- pleasant after watching slides in good condition and produce                                                                   spreading    the roots     without
                                            and respect to a truly great            building and warehouses.               munism at our May meeting and shown by Jim Myer, our county roots. The cuttings of some tro-
                                                                                       Stanley Powell spoke on pend- discussed what would happen if agent. This was in observance of pical plants can get along very                                                           breakage when they are placed in
                                           person.                                                                                                                                                                                                                             soil.
                                                Le                                  ing legislation.                       Communist took over our coun- Michigan Week.                               nicely without ventilation. But
                                                             County. We enter-         They had lunch with their leg- try.
                                            tained t e counties in our District                                                                                     Next month all ladies are in- the cuttings of most plants with                                                The home gardener who does
                                                                                    islators, Representatives Carroll         Mrs. Herrick       of Consumer vited to a picnic and are asked which the home gardener will                                                      not have facilities for raising
                                            May 12.         t the District meeting Newton and Andrew Cobb and Power showed a film "Out State
                                              t Onsted          hono      our Past Senator Edward Hu chinson, In Michigan." It pictured Michigan to bring a .sh made with dairy come in contact will benefit by                                                                young plants may try raising
                                           Chairmen. A corsage was pre-                                                                                          products, as well as the recipe. being aired a little each day.                                               them outdoors during the sum-
                                                                                    the afternoon they visited the cities and industries out side of                Muskeon County. Mrs. Lester                                                                                mer months.
                                                                  of them. They House of Repre entatives and the Detroit. Another film on good                                                          The glass cover should be re-
                                           had a part in the day's program. Senate, Representative                                                               Benston will be chairman of the                                                                                  A small coldframe with glass
                                                                                                                  Carroll lighting of homes was most in- District 7 camp. Final plans will moved each morning and the con-                                                     which can be shaded is the only
                                                                                    Newton presented the group to teresting. It showed three homes be made soon at a meeting of the densed moisture on the glass                                                               equipment necessary. The frame
                                                                                    the Ho                                befor       and after a change in camp committee. The camp will wiped away. This prevents the                                                        should be 12 inches high at the
                                                                                       Ionia County. At a rec nt meet- lighting ystems. Good lighting be at Wolf Lake on August b moisture dripping down on the                                    MR. CHAPMAN                 back and 9 inches high at the
                                                                                    ing Mrs. Hamilton, safety        air- promotes better vision, safety, and 6. Watch for more informa-             cuttings which may cause them to                                          front. Make sure that the soil oh "
                                                                                   m n,       owed a film on safety bring out beauty in the home.                                                    rot. As soon as the glass cover is     Do not disturb the plants im- which the frame stands has good
                                                                                                                                                                tion next month.                     dry it should be put back in po- mediately but giv them plenty drainag .
                                               Allegan County. Mrs. Weber of which illustrated ho dangerous                                                         Montcalm County. A Rural- sition on top of the case.
                                           the Home Service Dep't of Con- petroleum products can be when                              D trlc
                                                                                                                                           6                    Urban luncheon was held April
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          of air by removing the glass
                                                                                                                                                                                                        It is well to examine the cut- cover completely. After one week
                                                  e     Po er       oke on giving handled improperly.                                                                                                                                                                             Add a six-inch layer of sand or
                                                                                                                                                                2nd at Greenville. Each Farm tings closely for signs of fungus
                                                 ti . Colo       slide were used       Ionia Women's Committee has           Mrs. Allyn Gordon. Chairman                                                                                  carefully remove one of the cut- some other light cutting medium
                                                                                                                                                                Bureau woman introduced her or decay, and if present remove tings by prying 0Ut of the soil and firm gently. Place the larger
                                           to illustrate settings and refresh- been conducting a safety survey,                         Croswell R-2
                                                n .                                   a
                                                                                   and had meeting on cancer.                                                   urban guest. Other guests in- the affected leaves or stems and with a pointed stick and if suf- cuttings at the back of the frame
                                                                                                                                                                cluded Rev. George Franks of ventilate the propagating case ficient rootage has taken place and the smaller ones in front.
                                                                                       Kent Cou ty. 34 members of            Our di trict meeting at North Langston and                v. Ford of more often.
                                                                                   the Women's Committee met at Street, with St. Clair County as Greenville, Mr. D. Sampson of                                                            the new plants should be potted.        When the cuttings are in place
                                                                                   Bill Knap       restaurant for lunch ho es, was attended by 145 the Greenville News, and Mrs.                        When the cuttings have rooted       Rooted geranium cuttings will water thoroughly and place the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               glass sash on top of the frame.
                                                                                   and busi            meeting. In t      ladies.                               Tom Dolan, candidate for Mrs. they should be removed from the grow nicely if potted singly in 3 Each day the cuttings must be
                                                                                   afternoon th y toured th Hek-             Max Cochran, from the Depart- America in 1958.                          case and potted singly in a suit-   or 4 inch pots according to the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         size of the cutting in a fairly rich shaded from bright unlight.
                                                                                   man Bi cuit Company and saw ment of Public In truction, told                     Newaygo      County    Women's able soil mixture. Since the plants .andy garden soil                         When the cuttings are rooted,
                                                                                   the manuf c ur 0 erac rs and how our chool are financed. It Committee i proud to be part of                       are young and the roots some-                                            they should be potted singly in
                                                                                   cookie.                                                                                                           what tender the soil should be         African violet should be lifted pots and left standing in the
                                                                                                                          was v ry ducational.                  a county that is one of the Iarg-
                                                                                                                                                                                                     light and contain about one- carefully without root breakage frame, which must receive air
                                                                                      W h d, Rural-Urban get-to-
                                                                                   gether in May in                          H. A. Cannell with the U.S. est contributors to the Camp Kett fourth builder' sand.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           nd potted singly in 2% inch pots according to the weather.
                                                                                   igan      eek.                         D part ent of Justice at Sagin- Buildin,           Fund. At their May         The time needed for cuttings n a soil mixture of one-half leaf
                                                                                                                          aw de crib d the work.                meeting         Vera Miller of the to                                                                            The plants must be brought
                                                                                              a C nty. Mrs. Wolb - k                                                                                       oduee roots varies consider- mold and one-half v
                                                                                      Of                                        . Clair 1 di s pr ented Fash- 1'1"J·an,"ll..igoe a 1t h department ably according to the plant and
                                                                                                                                                                             H                                                                                                inside      ore any Chilly night
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         loam. If leaf mold is not avail- arrives.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     pap r a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               tisem nt in col r or blac
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               whi e in the na ion' top
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               mark ts, plu       commercial    0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               the P rry Como television show
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               May h 30th, June 6th and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               June 13th.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  liThe Be t
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               ha     been d
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               as a store-wid
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               The new pap r adverti m nts
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                cheduled for June 4th and 5th
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 rill f atur     a "Jun      Dairy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Month Cookbook" with recipe
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               id a      hich team dairy foods
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               with a wid vari ty of high pro-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               fit food i ms.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Am rican Dair        Association
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               will provide sale materials and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               advertising mats to dairies re-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               tailer, and new pap rs. Radio
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               and television commercial scripts
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               also will be provided to radio

                                                                                                                                                                                            Attend Poultry                       isease Cour                                                   and televi ion tations.
                                                                                                                                          _...-.;.. __   ...;.;....~.;...;;.._.;...;;....;...;_.o.....;..-_*       FIVE FARM COOPERATIVE                In the picture, left to right:            The advertising schedule will
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ervice men from Michigan at-        Lansing G. Coplin, Farm Bureau            be supported by a full scale pub-
                                                                                                                                          Wome 0                                                                  .nded a poultry short course at
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  alsbury Laboratories at Charles
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Service Feed Dep't; Wayne Play-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     ford, Farm Bureau Services Egg
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               icity program aimed at the na-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               tion's food editors. One featur
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               of the publicity program will b
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ~ity, Iowa, recently. Instruction   Marketmg Division; William R.

                 Get the HIGHEST MARKET PRICE                                                                                             Fann Bureau                                                             nd demonstrations were given
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 or recognizing poultry disease s.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Koning, Lapeer County Coopera-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     tives at Lapeer; Dale E. Warsco
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               a four-color food page with "Meal
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Time Ma terpiece "as the theme.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Publicity    ill be aimed at radio
                 for your GRAIN CROP this YEARI                                                          (Continued from Page 4)
                                                                                                     mittee will      attend Northwest
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ,1ethods for preventing and con-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 rolling poultry diseases were
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  art of the course.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     and James E. Todd of Farm Bu-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     reau Services Feed Dep't.                 and te1e ision wom n's pro-
              HARVE~T, STORE AND DRY WHEN YOU ARE READY.                                             Farm Bureau Women's Twin                                                                                                                                                                       American Dairy Association of
          You don't have to worry about high moisture grain. You can
                                                                                                     Lakes Camp, Tuesday, June 2, in                                                                            I'win La es 4-H Camp west of                                                     Michigan is planning a full seal
                                                                                                     place of having a regular meet-                                                                            ~raverse City. Plans are under                                                   advertising and promotion pro-
          dry high moisture grains up to 22% moisture content or shell
                                                                                                     ing. Their annual Rural-Urban                                                                              "lay to f d 800 at the smorgas-                                                  gram to bring the national ad-
          corn and soy beans up to 30% moisture for only 2 or 3 cents
                                                                                                     banquet was served this year by                                                                            bord.                                                                            vertising program into the Mich-
          per bushel.
                                                                                                     the Frankfort Methodist Church.
              STO~E AND DRY TO GET HIGHEST MARKET PRICE                                                 Kalkaska Co u n t y Women's                                                                               Wexford County has accepted                                    •               igan market .
                                                                                                                                                                                                                III the state projects in full and                                                  Large advertisements will ap-
          for your grain.       More profit if you sell and a much higher                            Committee observed        Michigan
                                                                                                                                                                                                                'Ibserved Michigan Week with                                                     pear in the Detroit Times, De-
          quality grain if you feed.            You will not have to take the                        Week with special emphasis at                                                                                                                                                               troit News, and Detroit Free
                                                                                                                                                                                                                special emphasis on the building
                                                                                                     their meeting on Michigan's re-                                                                                                                                                             Press. Ads will appear in all
          losses of low, harvest-time          grain prices.                                                                                                                                                    of Mackinac Bridge.

                  You'll do better with a "DRI.MASTER"
                                                                                                        An interesting side-line this
                                                                                                     month is having a local woman,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   That word "revolving" brought
                                                                                                                                                                                                                to my mind that the lawn mower
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     y.                          other Michigan daily and week-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ly papers.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                hasn't revolved in this yard for                                                    The American Dairy Associa-
                                   Get all the FACTS.                                                Mrs. Stokes, chosen as Mrs.                                                                                                                    The American Dairy Associa-                  tion of Michigan is offering a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                some time. Seems like some days
                                                                                                                                                                                                                a person ought to be twins, life tion will promote the theme                     cooperative advertising program
                                                                                                        A comment from Mrs. Hugh                                                                                                                 "June'    Be t Meal Ideas start                 t all county dairy committ es,
        BIN FEATURES INCLUDE:                                                                                                                                                                                   gets so complicated.
                                                                                                     Nave, "We decided we should all                                                                                                             wi~h Dairy Fo0?s" during June                   regarding their newspaper, tele-
                                                                                                     live together, plan together, and
                     •  Tightest bin oonstruction.           Completely vermin and                   work together, to help Michigan                                                                                     District 11             Dairy Month this year.                          vision, and radio advertising, and
                        weather-proof.                                                                                                                                                                                                              Advertising and    prQmotion               1 the    purchase of point-of-sale
                                                                                                     meet its problems and competi-                                                                                 Mrs. Ken Corey, Chairman

                     •  Structurally
                                        stronger wrap-around             wall construct-              ion."
                                                                                                        Manistee County recently en-                                                                                     Stephenson R-I

                     •  Easy 'to fill or unload.                                                     tertained exchange students from
                                                                                                     Japan, Germany, and England.
                                                                                                                                                                                                   Chippewa      County       Women'
                     •  Drying does not affect germination
                        value of grain.
                                                                               or feeding
                                                                                                     This was under a Council of
                                                                                                     Churches program. They also
                                                                                                                                                                                                 Committee met with 10 present.
                                                                                                                                                                                                 Safety Committee reports, Twin

                     •  Owners report their bins have paid off bin cost
                        in two seasons in higher grain income.
                                                                                                     made a concentrated study of the
                                                                                                     bill for further water diversion
                                                                                                                                                                                                 Lakes Camp Program, and a dis-
                                                                                                                                                                                                 cussion for Chippewa County
                                                                                                                                                                                                 Farm Bureau Day to be held this                                              Try A 2S                                 rd Clas                                             Ad or
                     •  Available    in 1000, 1450 and 2400 bu. sizes.                               from Lake Michigan by Chicago,
                                                                                                     the Housing Bill, and Fair Trade
                                                                                                                                                                                                 summer were the business for the
                                                                                                                                                                                                 day.                            .                                 SPECIAL RATE to Farm Bureau members: 25 words for $1 for                                     ch edition.     ddl·
                                                                                                     Bill.                                                                                                                                                        tional words 5 cents each per edition. Figure like 12 or 12.50 count s on word.
                       Mail Coupon for Complete                                                                                                                                                    A report on a career research I
                                                                                                        Missaukee County deserves ap-                                                                                                                             NON-MEMBER advertisers: 10 cents per word for one edition. Two or more edition
                                                                                                                                                                                                 program was given by Mrs. Mer-
                          \ Facts and Information                                                    plause for putting over the Dist-                                                           vin Hoonsttra.
                                                                                                     rict Meeting April 22. Sixty-                                                                                                                                take rate of 8 cents per word per edition. All classified ads re cash with order.
        r----                 -----_
                                                                             ...        _----_                   •..
                                                                                                     eight attended. Max Cochran and
                                                                                                     Philo Rich contributed greatly to
                                                                                                                                                                                                   Our next meeting will be an
                                                                                                                                                                                                 open meeting. Jack Church, pro-
                                                                                                                                                                                                 secuting attorney, will speak.         3           BABY CHICKS                        13 FARM MACHINERY                     15 FARM FOR SALE
        I                                                                                          I the' day with their information
          Spar Dep't, P. O. Box 960, Lansing, Mich.                                                I on our schools, homes and gar-                                                                Houghton C 0 u n t y Women's         --------------                                                                          7 ACRE
        I                                                                                          I dens.            .
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           RAN80 '8        "SUPER-NICK"          Leg-
                                                                                                                                                                                                 Committee had as their guests horn Chicks. High-p ottt strain cross
        I Please send complete information on how I can get                                             Northwest Michigan Women's                                                               and speakers two girls from the by famous J.information.    A. Hansen, Oregon.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Write       for                       Graham
        I more grain income by storing and drying my grain                                         I Committee has established a re-                                                             area who were exchange student         Hatchery, R-3, Box 480, Benton Har-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        bor, Michigan. (Berrien County)
        I crops on the farm.                                                                       I volving fund whereby we expect                                                              to Europe last year in the Youth                                       9-10-25p) 3
        I                                                                                          I to assist young women to become                                                             for Understanding program.
                                                                                                   I nurses.                                                                                       We enjoyed their talks and              DARBY         LEGHORNS         are   Great
        I                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Layers. Highest pen In Nation again,
          Name                                         _ _.....................................•...........
                                                                                                        We shall start one this fall and                                                         showing of color pictures.             all      ational    Laying Tests.        Baby
        I                                                                                          I by the end of 4 years should have                                                             A cake walk was conducted to Pullet. Started Pullet Program. De-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        livered anywhere.          DX Cross       and
        I                                                                                          I several in the nursing career.                                                              pay State Council obligations.            estline      o. 702. Free cage layer
          Address                                                         RFD •....•.•..•  _
                              :..........................................................•.........I At the moment the big event is                                                                                                     booklet      and    literature.     Exclusive
        I                                                                                                                                                                                          Menominee County Women's Franchi ed dealer. Dlrkse Leghorn
                                                                                                   I Twin Lakes Camp, June 2 - 3 - 4                                                            Committee met at the home of Farm, Box 169 I, Zeeland, Mich.                         3
        I P. O•.............
                         ,                                                           Mich.           follo ed by the annual cherry-                                                                                                                                   (11-tf-25&17b I
                                &M ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••       _   ••••••••   ..-   •• __   ••••
                                                                                                                                                                                                Mrs. Ralph Paulson with 6                                                                                                                                             27       REAL ESTATE
        I                                                                                          I dairy smorgasbord June 7 at                                                                groups represented.
        I   Please check. Also, information on CORN CRIBS                                                                       0     I                                                            Mn;. Tuinstra, safety chairman,                                                                                                                                 24   IDffiAL THHJ~E    Bli.l It OM

        I   MFN·1                                                                                                                     I   MICHIGAN FARM                                    NEWS was then aiting for return of                                                                                                                                         N ear school.   Sehoal'   bus    by   uor.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  FIELD SEEDS                23           LIVESTOCK
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Black top road. Good pln c for ra.r-
                                                                                                                                          June 1, 1959                                          safety survey reports from two                                                                                                                                        den. N ar trout stream.       I~ a onable,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Harry "outhl nd, Holton, • liehi " n,
                                                                                                                                                                                                groups. Please get them in girls                                                         PLAN YOUR BEA         SEED needs
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       now. Qualtty fuehfpld 2-11 tor hpavy    HOLSTE           RADE OR REGIS-                                   (ri-2t-25p) 27
                                                                                                                                                                                                so Ellen can complete her work.                                                        sotls. 2-11V for light soils. Order TERED.       Sprin er Cows and Heifers.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       parly.    ehmer  Seed Farms.    10720 Some     ith r cord.     Calfhood vac-
                                                                                                                                                                                                   Letters from rural school chil-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       ~wan    Creek Road,   Saginaw    R-5. cinated.   T. B. t sted.    Taylor Hol-
                                                                                                                                                                                                dren of Edison School, Mrs. Hil-                                                                                             steins, Marlette, Michigan.      2 mil s
        Special Offer to FARM BUREAU MEM                                                                                        ERS                                                             ding Lendroth         teacher,   were 10                   DOCS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Michigan. (Saginaw County)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              C12-7t-25p) 17 ea t, one-half mile north of Marlette.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Phone 2132. (Sanilac County)
                                                                                                                                                                                                read and appreciated. The young-                                                                                                                       (2-5t-25p)
                                                                                                                                                                                                sters really 10 v e their Star            '"     E M ""E "PRE         IU I." Every
                                                                                                                                                                                                Spangled Banner record.                dog owner who feed. the Farm Bu-

                                                            u om
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       reau way s n realizes the top value
                                                                                                                                                                                                   County Farm Bureau picnic is for every d lar pent. Available at
                                                                                                                                                                                                set for July 26 at Wells State Farm Breau' feed dealers' through-
                                                                                                                                                                                                Park.                                  out Mi hlgan.                C9-tf-25&5b) 10

                                                                                                                                                                                                   Our Farm Bureau women are 11
                                                                                                                                                                                                making the Reading Survey for
                                                                                                                                                                                                the White House Youth Confer-             JOHN
                                                                                                                                                                                                ence. This and a report of the for sale.

                                                        'dLike o                                                                                                          7
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Raymond Ogle bee, aline R-2, Mich-
                                                                                                                                                                                                Child and Youth survey results igan. Phone H~ 1 99551. (Washt.enaw
                                                                                                                                                                                                mad~ a fascinating and lively dis- County.                            (5-2t-17p)    11
                                                                                                                                                                                                CUSSIOnrogram for the evening.            IRRIGATIO.~ PD .•.P and 7 H. P.
                                                                                                                                                                                                ---_-...:0      ...;..;. ..;;,.,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     1 Wisconsin       H avy Duty Motor.          One
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     unit. Perf ct shape. Three inch out-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     let. Cost ov r 300. Hunt r'fl traw-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Listen To                       b TrY Farm, 23573 Karr Road, Belle-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Ville, ichlgan.  (ayn     ounty)
                                                                                                                                                                                                               'Farm Bureau at Work'
                      will present up to 2S words Of classified advertising,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                Radio Station WKAR
                      in~ludin. your name and addre.s, in one issue of the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Michigan State University
                      Michigan Farm News. It i. read by 71,904 mem-                                                                                                                                                Saturdays, 10:30 A. M.
                      bers of the Michican Fann Bureau. This bargain                                                                                                                                                  870 On Your Dial
              Is Ie s than half our. r•• ular cia slfle adYe· sing rate.

                 Please send your classified by June 20 for the duly 1            Ition,                                                                                                                       Going to
                     Extra words over 25 at 5 cents each. Figures like 12.50 or
                     1238, etc, count as one word., See Ads ·for classifications.
                                                                                                                                                                                                               You People's
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       o E 3 -56 BAKER GRAIN SEPA-
                                                                                        HANDY ORDER BLANK                                                                                                                                            RATOR. All te I, on rubber, complete
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     with drive belt and eanvas cover, For
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     sale by Guy Roo ,       orth   Branch,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Ichlgan, Phone 6153. (Lapeer Coun-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     ty)                    (3-4t-26p)    13
              MI¢HIGAN FARM                               NEWS                                                                                                                                                   Do you like to swim, dance,
              P. O. Box 910                                                                                                                                                                                    eat, have fun, and learn more
              LanaJng, "tchlg             n                                                                                     D                                                                              about your Farm Bureau Young
                                                                                                                                                                                                               People's organization?
              Pleee ,ubllsta my •.•......•.........................•
                                                                  word ad for _ •.•..••.
                                                                                      _.................                                           Imea startlDg with                the                          Come to June camp. It will be
                                                                                                                                                                                                               held June 17-21 at Clear Lake
              July   1 edt len,                                        _.•.~••.....
                                          I encle6e $..••••.•...•.••••....••
                                                                                                                                                                                                               Camp, Dowling, Barry county.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  The cost is $18 for four days.
                                                                                                                                                                                                               We suggest you have a sponsor
                              Clas ItlcaU                                                 ••••••••••••••••••••••
                                                                                                                      ,•••••                                                                                   who pays $10 to $12 of the cost.
                                                                                                                                                                                                               Possible sponsors are County
                                                                                                                                                                                                               Farm Bureau, Women's Commit-
                                                                                                                                                                                                               tees of County Farm Bureaus,
                                                                                                                                                                                                               and farm cooperativ .
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Speak rs include Paul D. Bag-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ell and G ne     lliott of Mich-
                                                                                                                                                                                                               igan State Univ rsity, Robert E.
                                                                                                                                                                                                               Smith, vice-president     of Mich-
                                                                                                                                                                                                               :gan Farm Bureau, Roger Foerch,
                                                                                                                                                                                                               Mrs. Marjorie Karker, of the
                                                                                                                                                                                                               Michigan Farm Bureau.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Mail applications to Farm Bu-
                                                                                                                                                                                                               reau Young People, P. O. Box 960.
                                                                                                                                                                                                               4000 orth Grand lUver Avenue,
                                                                                                                                                                                                               Linaing, Michigan. Applications
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   st ani e by J       10.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      a                                                                         Ie                 _
                                                                        trols nominations, and probably                                                                                       you voted yet?"                                  a well-promoted and well-attend-'             government.
                                                                        you are one that refuses to touch
                                                                        party politics with a ten foot pole.                    Discussi n Topics                                                4. Perhaps some need transpor-
                                                                                                                                                                                              tation to the voting place or a
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               ed meeting. Don't ask them for
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               speeches.                                    We have spent rJlW.ionsof dol-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         lars yearly to learn about cancer
                                                                          Delegat to party conventions                                                                                        baby-watcher.     Car should be                                                            and polio. They will continue to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Prepare questions that delve in-
                                                                        in the county, state and nation                                                                                       recruited to help out in this work.                                                        destroy until we push back the
                                                                        decide on the nominations. Did                 The State Discussion Topic Committee has established the                                                                to the main issues of the day.
                                                                                                                                                                                              Young people of party members                    Give each candidate only 3 min-           darkness of our ignorance and
 Backzround Material for Program in June by our                         you ever know the delegates from               following series of topics for the coming months:                      can serve as baby-watchers. Ev-                  utes to answer each question. Use         learn to control them.
                                                                        your district or town? What kind                                                                                      ery vote counts!
         ommunity Farm Bureau Discussion Groups                         of government were they for? Did                                                                                                                                       a timer and bell. Remember, you              The same is true of self-govern-
                                                                                                                                                                                                 Involving young people early in               are not asking for a speech. Keep         ment, as compared to government
                        DONALD D. KI SEY                                you vote in the so-called "minor"            Jun.            Needed ...   A Powerful Push in Citizen-                                                                  it brief. Do not allow debates            by the privileged few. But we
                                                                        election where they were chosen?                                                                                      these jobs gets them interested in
                Coordin tor of Education and R earch
                                            I                                                                                        ship.                                                    party activity at an early age.                  to arise between candidates nor           can find the remedy in this case-
                                                                                                                                                                                              They can serve, tod, as messen-                  involving the audience.                   in America, It is available to us,
          s lay it on the line.           It is time to be very               h n Your Volc                          Jul.            Are We Doing Well In Welfare Progress                    gers from the party office to the                                                          Its main ingredient is personal
                                                                                                                                                                                              poll-watchers, the car pools, etc.                 Have a scorecard prepared on            responsibility and action in public
    frank with ourselves.                                                           mall                                                                                                                                                       which each member of the audi-            political life-work in the party
                                                                                                                                     in Michigan ~                                               Telephone workers, car drivers

                                                                            If you I ft these things to oth-                                                                                                                                   ence can rate the nature of the           of our choice. We must learn to
      Most American people refuse or neglect to take                                                                                                                                          and baby-sitters can        all be               answers given by the candidates.          use this remedy wisely and well.
                                                                         ers, you have a small voice in          Aug. What Can Farmers Hope to Gain by                                        coached to remind the voter a-
   any part in political party action. Some seem to                      self-government. Your vote in                                                                                                                                         The set-up of the scorecard will
                                                                                                                                                                                              bout issues and the way to make                  differ with the problems and is-
                                                                         the "major' general election is                  Being Organized as a Labor Union ~                                  their vote count. Or they can                                                                             Questions
   think themselves "above all thi ,"-and       regard it                just a second-hand approval of                                                                                                                                        sues.
                                                                                                                                                                                              hand the voter a sample ballot
        virtue to leave politics alone, or a sin to touch                candidates that someone else de-         Attend your Community Farm Bureau each month and dis-                       clearly marked with crayon to get                   After all answers have been               1. In your opinion do radio and
                                                                         cided upon..                             cuss these interesting subjects. Read background material                   the desired results. These are                   given to these questions, divide          TV broadcasts in an election cam-
   it. That attitude is sure suicide to our American                        The things you read and hear                                                                                      common practices in party activ-                 the audience into small groups.           paign give the citizens a true
                                                                                                                  in the Michigan Farm News.                                                                                                   Have them bring out questions             picture of the candidates and is-
   heritage.                                                             about the candidates during the                                                                                      ity today.
                                                                         campaign are really just frosting neglected local governments sur-                                                                                                    not yet clear ly answered. Use            sues?
      If you refuse to become active in political party                  put on the political cake to make render their responsibilities and               arty Jobs are                 Between elections there should                        as many of these added questions             What can citizens do to appeal
                                                                         it appealing. Embarrassing, isn't powers to "higher authorities."                      umerous                be frequent contacts between par-                       as possible in a reasonable time          to radio and TV stations to broad-
   affairs, you cannot believe in self-government. Not                   it?                                                                                                           ty leaders and workers, And re-                         limit.                                    cast reliable and factual informa-
   in America. Plato stated it with a stronger sting.                                                         Some may promote this surrender         1. There is the job of register- gardless of the outcome of the                             Keep the meeting orderly and           tion needed by voters before elec-
                                                                            Let's look at another present- because they plan to be that ing voters. It should be done very election, the workers should be                                     courteous to candidates regard-           tion time?
   He said, "Refuse to take part in politics, and you                    day claim to "good citizenship." "higher authority."                      thoroughly. Unfortunately many gotten together for a dinner and                             less of party.
                                                                         Lots of folks get "teed off" and       Too many American citizens voters today have to be pushed or plans should be set for the next                                                                              2. How many members of your
   will be governed by meaner men."                                      write to their lawmakers. Most back away from that word helped to register. A door-to-door campaign.                                                                     Dismiss the candidates. Tally          group know the name of· the                       (
                                                                         of them want something. Very "WORK,"-in the party. They get canvass of the voters may be                                                                              the ratings of the people. The            township or precinct leader of                    (
      Political Party i Basic. We must face an un-                                                                                                                                       It is important to keep the par-                      findings should show the differ-
                                                                         few write letters of appreciation carele s and lazy about their gov- necessary.                               ty group close-knit, active, and                                                                  their political party?
                                                                         for work done by their law- er~~eD;~' The pol,~te word ~or                                                                                                            ences in the views and policy
   deniable fact,-there is no road to self-government                                                                                                 You may .find that your oPPO- looking ahead. In politics you                             positions held by the candidates.           3. How many of your group
                                                                         makers.                             this IS complacent. They VOIce sition party is taking the registra- have to look and plan for future
   in America but party politics. You have to travel
   that road personally. The nomination and election
                                                                            Letter writing and the like ar two f~tal sloga~~ - "~et George tion lists to th~ fr.ont doors. of the success and never allow your par-
                                                                        pretty good practices. But reo:' Do It - and It Can t Happen residents. This IS becoming an ty organization to fall apart be-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 There is much. value in this
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               face-to-face contact with candi-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         know the name of the county
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         chairman of their political party?
                                                                        member, - the lawmaker owes Here!"                                         active party practice in Michigan. cause of an election set-back nor                        dates. It does away with much                4. How many of your group
   of our lawmakers is linked to party politics by the                  his loyalty to those who worked                                                                                after a favorable landslide either.                     of the groping in the voting              have been active in party poli-
                                                                         to elect him. People who had          Some party "followers" give a          While it reveals the laziness
   laws of our land. When you refuse to be a party                                                                                                                                                                                             booth. You know what the can-             tics?
                                                                        no part in it rind it hard to swing bit of money to their party. Then and indifference of the American                                                                 didate's name stands for.
   supporter, you vote yourself right out of the self..                 him their way when his vote is they relax and feel righteous. The voter, you may be forced to                         Knowing Your                                       Most candidates welcome such
                                                                        cast on the floor of the legislative money does help - a little. But                                                     Candidates                                                                              No Horns
   government process.                                                  body.                                money will never lick an ener- match it. This takes party work-                                                                   opportunities to express their
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Giraffes seem to have horns,
                                                                                                             getic and dedicated opposition, It ers.                                                                                           views. And, if the candidate
      We have a republic in America. In such a nation,                                                                                                                                   People who believe in true self-                      "backslides" in the legislative           but they really do not. What ap-
                                                                                                             will not substitute for ORGAN-                                                                                                                                              pears as horns are only tufts of
                                                                                hey Work At It               IZED WORK BY DETERMINED                  2. Parties need workers near government-with         the power in                        halls, the people can remind him
   representatives act for the people. They set govern-                                                                                                                                the people-need to have at least                                                                  skin and fat, without a trace of
                                                                            We should not find it hard to    PEOPLE. The best organized and the polls to check on those who two good candidates for every job                                  of his errors.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         hard growth expected of a hom.
   ment policies and enact the laws. The people do not                                                                                             do vote. There should be a "poll-
                                                                        answer the question why some best supported party of the peo- watcher" at every voting place. at every election.
   do these things directly . Yet, ways are left open for                                                    ple is going to control the govern-
                                                                        groups "make hay" in legislative ment.                                                                                                                                      Can't Afford
                                                                                                                                                   The party should have a complete      A true citizen should not have                                                                  Highest Mountain
                                                                        halls. They WORK at it on every                                            card file of its voters.            to guess about the position taken                                                           Mauna Kea, Hawaii, is the
   the people to have a strong voice and control over                   level of party operation-work                                                                                                                                            Political Ignorance
                                                                                                                                                                                       by the candidates. Why depend                                                             world's highest mountain-3~\ ..•
   government affairs.                                                  skilfully, diligently and hard.            Working Within                     3. Telephone worlc:ers.The card on the "pre-election taffy" tha t                           "What you don't know won't 476 feet high, but most of it is
                                                                                                                                                   file and poll-watchers will reveal is fed to the public when a cam-
                                                                           They are really dedicated to                The Party                   those who have not voted. By paign is under way,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               hurt you," is an old saying. This under water.
       Political parties were    tablished in the early                 creating a government cut to                                                                                                             '                             falsehood has been passed from
                                                                        their own pattern. You'll have to      Have you ever heard anybody noon, telephone workers should                                                                      generation to generation.         MICHIGAN       FARM NEWS
   years of our American history. A two party sys-                      hand it to them-and you certain- say, "The country is going to the begin calling those who have not              Get your people together. In-
   tem emerged. More parties are possible if the peo-                   ly do that when you neglect to dogs and taxes are putting the voted. Their question, - "Ha~e vite candidates of both parties to                                           It is a dangerous notion in            6                      June 1, 1959
                                                                        take part in your political party! people in a strait-jacket?"
     I create them. This is good. Parties are the peo-                     The most dedicated and hardest      The American people can rip
     Ie's machinery for nominating and electing their                   working party in the world today off political strait-jackets only by
                                                                        is the Communist Party-not        of bold and energetic action. They
   government representatives. With more than one                       Russia, but of the world.            will not do it resting in a pol' .cal
   party at work, monopoly power was given a check                                                           feather bed.
   and changes of government were made possible.                             L zle t Citizen?                       You and I will have to take th
      But outside of the political party system there is
   no road to American self-government. The "polit-
                                                                           With the average American,
                                                                        his approach to politics is limited
                                                                        to griping, TV watching, tavern
                                                                                                                 first step in the right direction.
                                                                                                                 That is to get into the party and
                                                                                                                 work. Call up the local party
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     every farmer
                                                                                                                 leader or the county committee-
   ical independent" is simply a voice crying in the
                                                                        or street corner arguments, and
                                                                        (maybe)     oting in his general
                                                                        election each four years. And that
                                                                                                                 man and offer to help.
                                                                                                                    I think that in most places you
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      should havel
                                                                        is not exaggerating.                     will find a cordial welcome. But
                                       idea of the views of the candi-     This same "good citizen and          there are exceptions. You see,
           "G         · ·z n"         dates regarding public policy?    complaining taxpayer" talks a-          sometimes the people have let the
                                      Did you ever meet the candidate?  bout his government as "THEY."          control go so long that the party
  "Oh! But I vote," you say.          When you picked up your ballot    Here he b trays his weaknes.            has been captured by a clique
"That makes me a good citizen!"       in the polls, were the names be- 'Effective self-government starts        that jealously guards its powers
Does it?                              fore you real people, - or just   with an "I" and ends with "WE.:t        of control.
                                      vague symbols?                                                               Such folks may give you more
  For whom do you vote? Did                                              It starts with personal and in-
you take any part in selecting           The answers to such questions                                          than "the cold shoulder." You
                                                                       dividual action in the party of
and nominating the candidate on       will draw a lot of blanks. Why? one's choice right in the home            might have to organize some par-
the ballot? Do you have any real      Because the political party con- township or precinct. Weak and           ty patriots and crack their mo-
                                                                                                                nopoly. You might have to do I
                                                                                                                some fancy detective work to find
                                                                                                               out where the party meetings are
                                                                                                               being held and defeat some fancy
                                                                                                               tricks designed to keep you from
                                                                                                               getting to the meetings.             ./
                                                                                                                   Party "bosses" sometimes play                       PREMISES LIABILITY
                                                                                                               such games. You' can't play th 11'
                                                                                                               game and be a political "babe U1
                                                                                                               the woods." But you must attend                         Protection against liability re-
                                                                                                               the meetings of the party,-you                           ulting from accidents on your
                                                                                                               and your neighbors. Find out                            farm-your      buildings-rna-
                                                                                                                                                                       chinery-livestock     and from
                                                                                                               how the thing goes.                                     personal activities.
                                                                                                                   I said it might take bold
                                                                                                                 and energetic action.
                                                                                                                                                                   PROPERTY DAMAGE
                                                                                                                  If you find such a conditio 1,                                                                                                                                             Covers all reasonable expenses for
                                                                                                               you will know that political con-                                                                                                                                             medical, surgical, dental services
                                                                                                               trol has been taken over by a                                                                                                                                                 ambulance, hospital, nursing and
                                                                                                                                                                   Pay for damage to machinery                                                                                               funeral expenses within 1year from
                                                                                                               self-appointed few, and it is time                  belonging to others which you                                                                                             accident for each person named up
                                                                                                               that the people got the govern-                     are using or have in your care,                                                                                           to policy limits.
                                                                                                               men t back in their own hands.                      custody or control. Pays for                                                                                                                             ,
                                                                                                               At least give the "bosses" some                     damage up to $250.
                                                                                                                 Make a financial donation to
                                                                                                              your party.c-cwhat   you can afford.                EMPLOYER'S LIABILITY                                                                        WORLD-WIDE         THEFT
                                                                                                              It may help open the door a bit.
                                                                                                              Party work costs money. Lots of
                                                                                                              publicity is necessary. Campaign                      Covers you against liability
                                                                                                              materials have to be paid for.                       for injury to employees while
                                                                                                                                                                   performing farm work. Also
                                                                                                              . It is well to remember that we                     provides reasonable medical
                                                                                                              have to begin changing politi ..3                    .payments where no liability is"
                                                                                                              from the art o.f holding pow                         e tabli hed.
                                                                                                              over the people to an art of put-                                                                                                                                           Pays for 10 s by theft and myste-
                                                                                                              ting the people in power. This                                                                                                                                             'rious disappearance of household
                                                                                                              takes patriots who are willing to                                                                                                                                           and farm personal property items.
                                                                                                                                                                       CUSTOM FARMING
                                                                                                              fight for their part in self-govern-
                                                                                                              ment.                                                                                                                                       INVESTIGATION    AND DEFENSE
                                                                                                                                                                     overs your liability for bod-
                                                                                                                     e      nfor        ed    itiz n               ily injury or property damage
                                                                                                                                                                   caused by u e of farm mao
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          Whether found liable or not, pays
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          for attorney fee, court costs where
                                                                                                                 The true citizen will inform                      chinery in connection with                                                                                              harged, costs of investigating facts.
                      Qive your car, truck and tractor longer engn e                                                                                               farm operations for others for                                                                                         bail bond, etc.
                                                                                                              himself. He will know the way                       la charge.
                      life, quicker start and top performance.  Rust                                          his government operates and the
                      and corrosion      additives keep your engines                                          laws that control its operation. It
                      rut I ing cleaner and smoo her. Try it today.                                           is well to start at the home level
                                                                                                                                                                                                   For complete details on thi. outsta.nding'
                                                                                                                A true citizen will  study th                                                 Farm Liability policy) contact your local Farm
                                                           and                                               election laws of his state which                                                                      Bureau Insurance agent-or 1'1J;aiJ
                                                                                                             govern political party action.                                                                                      the handy e upon,                        Farm     ureau Insurance Companies of Michiga ••
                                                                                                             These can be obtained from the                                                                                                                               4000.North Grand River Avenue   LaMiRg, Mkbigan
                                                   BEST  FOR ALL   ON
                                                                                                             Secretary of State at th Capitol
       o           01 T   I   UTION             THE FARM    NO HIGHWAY
                                                                                                           I Building in Lansing. He will be-                                                                                                                    •
                                                                                                             come familiar with the by-laws
                                                                                                          II of his political machinery works. '
                                                                                                             how the party
                                                                                                                               party and learn                                                                                                                       o farm and residence personal Farm Bureau's
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Please send me details on

                                                                                                               He will study the problems of
                                                                                                             his community - schools, roads
                                                                                                                                                       I        AUTO        FIRE   LIFE     fARM   LIABILITY   •   CARGO   • INLAND   MARIN~
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   liability protec-

                                                                                                                                                                               <4000 NO TH Ga.  0 liVER AVENUE
                                                                                                          I zoning, taxation and gOVernme41t                                          LANSING, MICHIG·AN                                                                    arne __      ~ __       ~                       _
                                                                                                             services. He will also know the
                                                                                                             problems and issues of his coun-                                       Phone    I anhoe      7- 591 1
                                                                                                             ty, state and nation in the long                                                                                                                             Address                                            _
                                                                                                          I     Jeff rso  aid that a self-gov-                                                                                                                             ounty                                            _
                                                                                                              ernment by an uninformed p opl

                                                                                                              (~nn~t        j   r.                                                                 ,.,

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