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Pilgrims_ Protestants_ Puritans_ Natives_ Slaves

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					Natives, Pilgrims, and
Puritans
The Native Americans

   The descendants of the original inhabitants of
    North America and South America before the
    arrival of white settlers from Europe, also called
    Indians or American Indians. The term Native
    American is sometimes preferred over Indian
    because the latter is a misnomer that originated
    with Columbus, who mistook the inhabitants of
    America for the people of India. Both terms,
    however, are accepted.
The Pilgrims

   A group of English Puritans, persecuted in their
    own country, who emigrated to America. The
    first group arrived on the Mayflower in 1620.
    They landed at Plymouth Rock, in what is now
    Massachusetts, and established the Plymouth
    Colony, with the Mayflower Compact as their
    constitution.
Plymouth Rock, Massachusetts
      HANCEMEN




       pilgrim first thanksgivi
The Puritans

   1600’s or 17th Century
   Puritans or “The Pilgrims” and Early Colonists
   They arrived from Holland and England to escape
    religious persecution and to explore the new frontier.
    Settled Primarily in New England and the North.
   Puritans secular and religious lives were inseperable.
    Puritans arrived incredibly educated. They wanted
    education to understand and execute God's will as they
    established their colonies throughout New England.

    .
Cont…
   The Puritan definition of good writing was that which
    brought home a full awareness of the importance of
    worshipping God and of the spiritual dangers that the soul
    faced on Earth. Puritan style varied enormously -- from
    complex metaphysical poetry to homely journals and
    crushingly pedantic religious history. Whatever the style
    or genre, certain themes remained constant. Life was seen
    as a test; failure led to eternal damnation and hellfire, and
    success to heavenly bliss. This world was an arena of
    constant battle between the forces of God and the forces of
    Satan, a formidable enemy with many disguises. Many
    Puritans excitedly awaited the "millennium," when Jesus
    would return to Earth, end human misery, and inaugurate
    1,000 years of peace and prosperity.
Cont…
   Scholars have long pointed out the link between
    Puritanism and capitalism: Both rest on ambition, hard
    work, and an intense striving for success. Although
    individual Puritans could not know, in strict theological
    terms, whether they were "saved" and among the elect
    who would go to heaven, Puritans tended to feel that
    earthly success was a sign of election. Wealth and status
    were sought not only for themselves, but as welcome
    reassurances of spiritual health and promises of eternal
    life.
Cont…
   The Puritans interpreted all things and events as
    symbols with deeper spiritual meanings, and felt
    that in advancing their own profit and their
    community's well-being, they were also furthering
    God's plans. They did not draw lines of
    distinction between the secular and religious
    spheres: All of life was an expression of the
    divine will.

   To Puritans, the colonies were God’s Kingdom on
    Earth and they interpreted the Bible Literally.
And again…
   Puritans wanted to “purify” the Church of England by
    eliminating traces of its origins in the Roman Catholic
    Church. In addition, they urged a strict moral code and
    placed a high value on hard work. After the execution
    of King Charles I in 1649, they controlled the new
    government, the Commonwealth. Oliver Cromwell,
    who became leader of the Commonwealth, is the best-
    known Puritan
Charles I
King of Scotland, Ireland and
England



Reign 27 March 1625 -
30 January 1649
        Oliver Cromwell
         Lord Protector of the
  Commonwealth of England, Scotland and
               Ireland


  An unfinished miniature portrait of Oliver
   Cromwell by Samuel Cooper, 1657.


Reign   16 December 1653 – 3 September
1658
Brief Glimpse into US Timeline

   1300’s: Native Americans, no written record of events
    from this time
   Late 1400’s: Columbus Era, 1492
   1500’s: First Europeans arrive and begin colonizing
    North America; encounter Native Americans
   1620: Pilgrims land at Plymouth Rock; 1692 Salem
    witchcraft trials-the execution of 20 people
   1700’s: 1741 Great Awakening, series of religious
    revivals spread throughout the colonies; Colonial
    Period
   1800’s: Revolutionary Writers; The Romantic Period
Timeline Continued…

   1865-1915 Realism -Authors used colloquial
    language to describe authentic American
    culture. Twain
   1914-1945 Modernism (see notes)
   1941-Present Post-Modernism (see notes)

				
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