Alat-alat gambar untuk teknik pemesinan by dffhrtcv3

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									READ TECHIQUE PICTURE




Basic Competence: Read Techique Picture
         LEARNING OUTCOMES
     After learning activity, student expect to:
1.   Understand the meaning of techique picture
2.   Identifying techique tool picture
3.   Using techique tool picture
4.   Make scale to techique picture
5.   Make techique picture label
DEFINITION OF READ TECHIQUE PICTURE


Meaning:READ TECHIQUE PICTURE
Understanding and knows information which give by
the work picture so it can be realize to productive
things
THE FUNCTION OF TECHIQUE PICTURE


1. Picture as techique language or as
   communication for techique person
2. Picture as techique information
3. Picture as an idea and development
PICTURE TOOL FOR TECHIQUE
         MACHINE

 1.    Triangle
 2.    Phase
 3.    Pencils
 4.    Ruler
 5.    Mal
 6.    Eraser
 7.    Degree bow
 8.    Drawing board and drawing table
 9.    Rapido
 10.   Ink
 11.   Etc.
TRIANGLE RULER
LONG RULER
METER SHOVE (CALIPER)
USING T RULER
USING A PAIR OF TRIANGLE
USING A PAIR OF TRIANGLE MAKE A STRAIGHT LINE
USING A PAIR OF TRIANGLE
      Make Line Row
USING A PAIR OF TRIANGLE
 Make Triangle Same Side
USING A PAIR OF TRIANGLE
       Make Angle
USING A PAIR OF TRIANGLE
  Make Six Side In Circle
USING A PAIR OF TRIANGLE
   Make Six Side Out Circle
USING METER SHOVE
USING METER SHOVE
A PENCIL AND MECHANICS PENCIL
USING A PENCIL
   Draw A Line
             HARDNESS PENCIL



                  Sedang       Lunak
Keras
4   H             3H           2   B
5   H             2H           3   B
6   H             H            4   B
7   H             F            5   B
8   H             HB           6   B
9   H             B            7   B
        Semakin      Semakin           Semakin
         keras        lunak             unak.
BOW MAL
RAPIDO
USING BOW MAL
MAL BEND GOEMETRIS
DRAWING TABLE
ROL DRAWING TABLE
ROL DRAWING MACHINE
DEGREE BOW
      KIND OF DRAWING PAPER



A. Manila paper
B. Strimins paper or milimeter block
C. Kalkir paper
    MEASURE DRAWING PAPER


Seri   Ukuran      kiri   kanan
A0   1.189 x 841   20     10
A1     841 x 594   20     10
A2     594 x 420   20     10
A3     420 x 297   20     10
A4     297 x 210   15      5
A5     210 x 148   15      5
      WRITES LETTER AND NUMBER


1. Letter and straight number
2. Letter and sloping number (sloping number
  right 15)
 MEASURE LETTER AND NUMBER


High big letter                   3.5    5     7     10   14
High letter small                 2.5    3.5   5     7    10
Distance between letter           0.7    1     1.4   2    2.8
Distance minim each line           5     7     10    14   20
Distance minim between Syllable   1.5    2.1   10    14   20
Thick letter and number           0.35   0.5   0.7   1    1.4
                     USING LINE


1. Thin line continous, size 0,25 and 0,35 mm
2. Used to support line, arsir line, radius line, measure
   line, rotation tray line and short fuse line
3. Thin continous line, size 0,25 and 0,35 mm
4. Applied to mark with lines assisting, hachures line,
   radius equiamplitude surface line, measure line, and
   dwarf center line
5. Free line, size 0,25 mm
   Used to torn line which shown inside a things
6. Tin scracth line, size 0,25 mm
   Used to middle line simetris or fuse line. And awl circle
   line.
               DRAWING SCALE

1. Drawing scale are used to biggest or make smaller to
   drawing media.
2. Purpose is oder to the draws information still receive
   although the media big or small.
3. Draw scale big example 2:1 or 5:1 or 10:1 or 20:1 or 50 :1
   means that draw bigger become 2 times from the real thing
   size.
4. Scale small example 1:2 or 1:5 or 1:10 or 1:100 or 1:500 or
   1:100 means that work draw was small 2 times than the
   real size thing.
5. Balance scale is 1:1 work draw picture same as the real
   size thing.
     PICTURE HEADING AND LABEL

Label : contain of picture character is:
1.Picture name
2.Picture scale
3.Date of making picture
4.Names of drawing
5.Picture scale
6.Which correction picture etc.
PICTURE HEADING/LABEL
Basic of Techique Drawing
          (Video)




       www.youtube.com
                    EXERCISES

1. Make picture paper size A4 ( upright)
2. Make label (choose once) and try to suitable with the size.
3. Fill that label with sloping letter!
4. Make line in order flat with the each distance 5 mm (full from top
   until down)!
5. Fill lines with sloping standard line and sloping standard number (
   tall letter and number 5 mm)!
6. Fill name of picture to label LETTER and NUMBER with tall letter 7
   mm ( try to put in the middle)!
                EXERCISES


1. Draw in the A3 upright
   position, lines like examples
   with scale 1:1
2. Complete with the label
                  EXERCISES

1. Draw in the A3 upright the
   line like examples.
2. Each distance line 3 mm
3. Complete with the label
                  EXERCISES



1. Draw in the A3 paper upright
   position, like examples with
   scale 1:1
2. Complete with the label
                FORMATIF TEST

1.   Mention size of the paper :
     a.A1        b. A3    c. A4
2.   If the big letter 5 mm, how thick letter and distance
     between syllbel.
3.   Mention three kind of line according ASA and the
     function?
4.   Long a thing 90 mm, thick 60 mm and tall 24 mm to
     scale picture 3:1, how long, wide, and tall ?
5.   Explain the label function.
  READ TECHNIQUE PICTURE




Basic Competence: Describing technics picture
         LEARNING OUTCOMES

After receive the lesson student expect to:
1. Understand function of projection picture
2. Knowing the kind of projection
3. Make projection picture
4. Understanding the cut off picture
5. Knowing about kind of the cut off picture
      PICTORIAL PROJECTION

Kind of the pictorial projection
1. Dimetry projection
2. Isometri projection
3. Sloping projection
4. Perspectif
               DIMETRY PICTORIAL

a. Sloping angle sb x = 7° dan sb y = 42°
b. Scale in size to sb y adalah 1:2 and the others 1:1
           ISOMETRI PROJECTION


a. sloping angle 30° to sb x and sb y
b. all scale to sb are 1:1
KIND OF ISOMETRI PROJECTION



  A. Normal isometri
  B. Upside isometri
  C. Horizontal isometri
NORMAL ISOMETRI
UPSIDE ISOMETRI
HORIZONTAL ISOMETRI
    KAVALIR PROJECTION/ SLOPING

a. Sloping angle x = 0° and y = 45°
b. Scale to sb y is 1:2
PERSPECTIF PROJECTION
         ORTOGONAL PROYEKSI

1. Draw projection which the media the projection
  upright straight or lines to the projector.
2. Projection is lines which projection thing to
  projection media
ORTOGONAL PROJECTION FROM A POINT
ORTOGONAL PROJECTION FROM
        THE LINE
ORTOGONAL PROJECTION FROM THE
           MEDIA
ORTOGONAL PROJECTION FROM
       THE THINGS
DRAWING ORTOGONAL PROJECTION 3 THING
DIMENSION USE IN SEVERAL POINT OF VIEW
      ORTOGONAL PROJECTION

Which most use in ortogonal projection is:
a. European Projection
b. American Projection
EUROPEAN PROJECTION




           1. Front point of view
           2. Side point of view
           3. Up point of view
INLAID EUROPEAN PROJECTION
EROPEAN PROJECTION
PROJECTION AMERIKA



          1. Front point of view
          2. Side point of view
          3. Up point of view
INLAID AMERICAN PROJECTION
AMERICAN PROJECTION
         PROJECTION SYMBOLS



royeksi EropaB. Proyeksi Amerika


                       .
                                       A




                                   .
                                       B
TO SET THE ORTOGONAL PROJECTION
        ON THE WORKSHEET
1.Choosing the point of view
  point of view have a lot information as principal point of
   view or front point of view.
     TO SET ORTOGONAL PROYEKSI ON
              WORKSHEET

2. Sum point of view
   sum point of view (include cut off) which need and
   suitable with need without cause hesitate, example
   simple cilinders picture can draw on one point of
   view
   TO SET ORTOGONAL PROYEKSI ON
           THE WORKSHEET

3. Picture position
   picture position, especially front point of view must
   draws suitable with dominant position when it made.
 TO SET THE ORTOGONAL PROYEKSI
        ON THE WORKSHEET

4. Several point of view
   several point of view can give if the complete view
   can not give complete information
 TO SET THE ORTOGONAL PROJECTION
         ON THE WORKSHEET

5.Take place a view
  if the set can be done without any doubt, is allowed
  giving views as replace simetri view, must draw with
  america proyeksi.
    TO SET ORTOGONAL PROJECTION
          ON THE WORKSHEET
6. Real cut off
  geometri cut off will show the real must draws thick ,
  if block draw cut off lines
PRESENTING ORTOGONAL PROJECTION THE
             WORKSHEET
7. Reduction optical
   Example to angle which circle draws and give sign to
   front view with thin line continous without touch the
   shore.
  PRESENTING THE ORTOGONAL
 PROJECTION ON THE WORKSHEET
8 Represent the simple cut off so the reduction optical
  can be give:
a. between 2 cilindres




b. between 1 cilindre with the prisma 4 side
  PRESENTING THE ORTOGONAL
 PROJECTION ON THE WORKSHEET
9. Obstruct simetri thing can be describe half/cut off on
   the angle
      PRESENTING ORTOGONAL
   PROJECTION ON THE WORKSHEET

10. A sort view, to spend a place.
      PRESENTING ORTOGONAL
   PROJECTION ON THE WORKSHEET

11. Reviewing a view can be describe one but there is a
  symbol.
     PRESENTING ORTOGONAL
  PROJECTION ON THE WORKSHEET
12.Element draws more in scale
      PRESENTING ORTOGONAL
   PROJECTION ON THE WORKSHEET
13.Line limits thing
  represent to a real thing and creation thing
  Describing with chain line double thin
     PRESENTING ORTOGONAL
  PROJECTION ON THE WORKSHEET


14. Transparant object, must be draw
 not transparant.
        PRESENTING ORTOGONAL
     PROJECTION ON THE WORKSHEET


15. Colour using to picture not
    supposed, if used it must
    comfirm frist
Make isometri object with position:
            – Normal
            – Upside
            – Horizontal
Name of drawing
                 » ISOMERTIS (NORMAL)
                 » ISOMETRIS (UPSIDE)
                 » ISOMETRIS (HORIZONTAL)
                      EXERCISES

1. Reply the picture (p. 2 and 3 )
2. Draw use A4 paper up straight
3. Name picture : dimetris
   projection
                  EXERCISES
1. Reply the picture (p.4 and 5)
   scale 1:1 on A4 paper
2. Name picture: sloping
   projection
                      EXERCISES

 These picture is front view,
  left and up based on E
  method, there are unline
  on the picture, make on the
  A4 paper scale 1:1:
          – front View, right and up
            based A method.
          – Isometris perspective.
                  EXERCISES

 These picture is europe
  picture and isometris but
  not complete.
 draw it to scale 1:1 on
  A4 paper !
                   FORMATIF TEST



1.   Thick line continuos on technics object use to :
2.   Object it symbol of europe proyeksi.
3.   Objet it symbol of america proyeksi.
4.   Mention 5 proyeksi you know.
5.    Explain 5 proyeksi.
       READ TECHNIQUE PICTURE




Basic Competence: Choosing the right drawing tehnique
       LEARNING OUTCOMES

Student expect to :
1. choose right drawing technic.
2. choose cut off picture with correct.
3. give sign to the picture wit correct.
4. give correct size to picture.
5. give tolerantes sign.
          PIECES PICTURE



1. A picture which give complete
   information specially to hole picture
   worksheet.
2. Explain the function parts was
   invicible, example : drill thing not
   holed.
          PIECES PICTURE



Picture above not clear information, is
the inside hollow or not.
          PIECES PICTURE



This picture is complete with the
 scratch so look complecated.
          PIECES PICTURE


Both picture doubt it, because that
 make from screwdriver like picture
 above !
        CUTTING OFF SIGN



Cutting off sign with fuse line, on the
 top was thick.
         CUTTING OFF SIGN



Cutting off sign wave or zig-zag
         CUTTING OFF SIGN



Cutting off with thin line wave free
      REPLACEMENT PIECE PICTURE



 If the proyeksi use america :
        picture above the tray in the back the arrow
     REPLACEMENT PIECE PICTURE

If proyeksi use european :
picture above the cut off tray in the front of arrow.
 THE OBJECTS THAT SHOULD NOT BE CUT OFF



1. axle solid
2. fence of the solid and others.
3. pelat penguat with fuse and flens.
    REPLACEMENT PIECE PICTURE


Tray cutting circle
    KIND OF CUTTING OFF PICTURE



A. full cutting off
    KIND OF CUTTING OFF PICTURE



B. Half Cutting off
  KIND OF CUTTING OFF PICTURE



C. local cutting off/ half
     Kind of cutting off picture
D. Hop cutting off
 KIND OFF CUTTING OFF PICTURE

E. circle cutting off
            SHADE LINE

To represent proyeksi picture which
 cut off and view picture use arsiran
 line.
           KIND OF SHADE LINE

 Shade angle 45°
 Thick shade dilihat pada tabel dibawah ini
Macam garis               ketebalan (mm)
Garis tepi               1        0,7        0,5
Garis ukur/bantu         0,7      0,5      0,35
Garis arsir              0,5     0,35      0,25
   ROLES TO GIVE SHADE LINE

Shade for wide media shade on the
 border.
    ROLES TO MAKE ARSIRAN

shade for the object which
 closed/next to
SHADE FOR SHOWING THE MATERIAL


 Steel,
  iron,golden,bronze,
  aluminium and etc.




 tin, white metal,
 zinc and etc.
SHADE FOR SHOWING THE MATERIAL

 Isolation material
  and sintetis
  material.




 Stone, porcelen,
  ceramik, gravel,
  and etc.
SHADE FOR SHOWING THE MATERIAL




 Thin Reduction material can be
  showed by block all the media. A
  distance could not more smaller
  than 0,7 mm must give to next
  material.
     THE ROLE FOR GIVE SHADE


Number and letter, if the number
 could not be avoid so don’t block it.
        LEARNING OBJECTIVES



1. Knowing the tolerate function to size
2. Calculate and decide big tolerate on
   picture
             TOLERANCE



Un role size which allowed is: un role
 down and up.
  WHY DOES THERE ARE TOLERANCE?


 Because when the material does not suitable with
  the size
 The caused does not suitable:
   a. Mistake when see the measure tool.
   b. Machine condition.
   c. Change temperature when doing the material.
        WHAT IS THE PURPOSE ?



In order to material can be product
 directly in different place and still full
 fill the function.
Example is product the destine tribe
 vehicle.
   MEANING IN THE TOLERANCE


Basic size is the real size.
Up in un role is the biggest un role.
Down un role is the smallest un role.
Maximum size allowed is sum basic
 size with the up un role.
Minim size is a sum on basic size with
 down un role.
        TERMS IN TOLERANCE



 Tolerance hole, fuse tolerance is different
  between up un role with
 Garis nol, keatas daerah positif, kebawah
  daerah negatif
 Ukuran sesungguhnya, ukuran dari hasil
  pengukuran benda setelah diproduksi,
  terletak pada ukuran antara minimal yang
  diijinkan dan maksimal yang diijinkan
TERMS IN THE TOLARENCE
             COUNTING TOLERANCE

Example:                            +0,2


    tentukan harga toleransi untuk ǿ15     +01

Jawab:
 Ud : ǿ15 mm
 Pa : +0,2 mm
 Pb : +0,1 mm
 Umaks = Ud + Pa = ǿ 15 + 0,2 = ǿ15,2 mm
 Umin = Ud + Pb = ǿ 15 + 0,1 = ǿ 15,1 mm
 Tl = Pa – Pb = +0,2-(+0,1) = 0,1 mm atau Tl = Umaks-Umin= 0,1
  mm
 Us = Umin…Umaks = ǿ 15,1 … ǿ 15,2 mm
      GENERAL TOLERANCE


General tolerance is tight the several
basic size.
if specially represent the size basic
including.
             TOLERANCE

Tolerance use to :
a. Tool accupation depend to fuse was
    symbols with the small letter.
b. Tool accupation hole, symbol with big letter
    or capital.
Classifying which use in tolerance :
a. Hole type, example wide pin.
b. Fuse type, example pin slot.
TOLERANCE AREA
       LEARNING OUTCOMES

1. Understanding the meaning.
2. Understanding the components
   which need in siutable.
3. Understand the kind of thing is
   need.
                SUAIAN

Is :Couple tolerance :
Kinds of suaian :
a. Suaian couple tolerance :
b. b. Pushed tolerance must be connect with
    the fuse.
c. Suaian after connect to the clearance
    because it is more bigger.
          SUAIAN SYSTEM

2 kind of suaian system :
a. Suaian system fuse, use H area as general
   remember up same as nol, hole tolerance
   arrange based on plan.
b. Suaian hole system on this system H area
   become basic area. Same as zero tolerance
   area arrange based on plan.
      LEARNING OBJECTIVES

1. Identfying size on the technics
   picture.
2. Give size to the picture.
             SIZE GIVING



Purpose:
 In order the picture size suitable with
 the product as the plan.
GENERAL ROLE IN GIVES SIZE

An arrow, is kind of measure limit
line, make wide compare with long
same 1:3.
    GENERAL ROLE TO GIVE SIZE

Measure line, can be made
with thin line which
measured and limited with
two arrows. Measure line
must be arrange more longer
and placed it away because
in order not to cuts of with
measure line. The distance
between 7-10mm.
     GENERAL ROLE IN GIVE SIZE

Measure number, on the flat
position measure number on
line in up the measure line,
on left. If the straight line on
the left line measure line, in
down area. But, include
commas for decimal. Mm
general does not include but
if other must be include.
          SIZE SYMBOLS



ǿ diameter




Tanpa ǿ
             SIZE SYMBOLS



    sisi bujur segiempat sama 15 mm




R Jari-jari (radius)
    SHOWING THE DIAMETERS



R symbols
           SIZE SYMBOLS



Sǿ and SR for ball
       CLASSIFYING SIZE INSERT




1. measuring with functional dimension, non
  functional and adding size.
   CLASSIFYING THE SIZE MEASURE



Camper size/ sloping.
    THE ORIENTATION GIVING THE
             MEASURE

Choosen size on working part.
    THE ORIENTATION GIVING SIZE

Giving size to simetri parts.
   THE ORIENTATION GIVING SIZE

Giving size with the reference.
   THE ORIENTATION GIVING SIZE


Giving size an arrow
rope, arrow and
angle.
   THE ORIENTATION GIVE SIZE

Giving size for the top with sloping or
be radius.
   THE ORIENTATION GIVE SIZE
Giving size on short measure lineand details.
    THE ORIENTATION GIVE SIZE

Giving size with
clued line.
    THE ORIENTATION GIVE SIZE

Giving size for un suitable part with the
picture.
    THE ORIENTATION GIVE SIZE

Giving size for same as the part
         THE ORIENTATION GIVE SIZE

 Drawing Thread
 Thread external




 Thread Internal
     THE ORIENTATION GIVE SIZE


1. Give size for thread
2. Thrace size to in or out side the biggest
  diameters which always be measure
         CLASSIFYING THE SIZE

Giving size for thick line
        CLASSIFYING THE SIZE

Giving the size for
out size part and
inside part
       CLASSIFYING THE SIZE

Giving the size up
line and pointed
line.
          KIND OF MEASURING


 parallel measure




 Lines measure
       KIND OF MEASURING

Combination measure
        KIND OF MEASURING

Coordinate way
          KIND OF MEASURING

On one line
  CLASSIFYING THE MEASURING

Measure on the
series
      THE ORIENTATION GIVE THE SIZE
 To make easier give size on the
  picture there are several step:
 A photografer must orientate to
  the maker of picture.
 The complete measure must
  attention in :
    a. prominent measure( long
  and tall) include in the first view.
    b. place on the same just
  measure once, to front view and
  been measure so to up view the
  size does not measure again
          THE ORIENTATION GIVE SIZE


     Depend on the principle simetri
to front up view example, both side
does not measure because simetri.
     Measure were placed in clearly
size, 30 size placed on front view
because more clear than placed on
the front view.
     If there are several sum so once
keep in brackets, size in the bracket
does not measured.
      THE ORIENTATION GIVE SIZE

Giving size must based on the process.
     THE ORIENTATION GIVE SIZE


 The size must be
  check, example 20
  impossible to check
  ( none measure), in
  15 measure must be
  measured.
     THE ORIENTATION GIVE SIZE

Size on the one views
     THE ORIENTATION GIVE SIZE

 Size on the two views
     THE ORIENTATION GIVE SIZE

 Third picture view
      LEARNING OBJECTIVES



1. Understanding about the works sign.
2. Knowing the inserting work sign.
3. Able to inserting sign on the picture.
          WORKING SIGN



Decide
Simbol atau tanda kekasaran huruf N
Tingkat kekasaran disimbulkan angka
 1 sampai 12
THE SYMBOL WITHOUT ADDING ORDER


   Basic symbol/ subject does not have mean
    in working.

   Surface must be done, subject symbol adds
    flat line.

   Surface not allowed to do, subject symbol
    add circle.
     SYMBOL WITH ROUGH PRICES



Rough prices must be reach ( done
 with machine or without machine)N6.

                N6
 SYMBOL WITH THE ROUGH PERICES




The rough prices must be do before
 get works continous.
                  N6
  SYMBOL WITH THE ROUGH PRICES



 Rough prices must be reach without done at
  all.


                  N6
 SYMBOL WITH WORK ADD ORDERING



Order must be done with machine.
( misal:mesin gerinda)

                 digerinda
 SYMBOL WITH WORK ADD ORDERING




Must be add more size, for next work.
 Example 0,3 mm



              0,3
       SYMBOL WITH ADD ORDERING



 Theme way/fiber surface, old the works with the
  machine : ┴;= ; X; M; C ; R



 Fiber surface size
             SUMMARY



 a= decide rough level must be done.
 b= decide type of machine with use.
 c= stated measure surface which be
  rest.
 d= stated fiber surface must be
  reach.
    SUMMARY



             b
     a
c        d
WAY TO WORKING SIGN
     WAYS TO WORKING SIGN



Symbol and number must be read
 from down or from right. Two surface
 can be combine with the arrow to
 surface.
Symbol and arrows put on surface
 media or to long line.
Symbol sign include once, to surface
 media on clear view.
     WAYS TO WORKING SIGN

 General sign
     WAYS TO WORKING SIGN

General sign and particular sign
          ROUGH PRICES



Ra mean from roughness arithmatic.
 Mean is “ arithmatic rough average”,
 could be reach.
       DRAFT OF ARITHMATIC


Harga kekasaran Ra (μ m)   Angka tingkat/
kekasaran
      50                         N12
      25                         N11
     12,5                        N10
       3,2                       N9
       1,6                       N8
       0,8                       N7
       0,4                       N5
       0,2                       N4
       0,1                       N3
       0,05                      N2
       0,025                     N1
                 EXERCISES


1. Draw again this picture to
   A4 paper scale 1:1.
2. Complete with the size.
3. Depend on the tolerance
   draft quality low, mention
   size price.
                    EXERCISES


1. Draw again in the A4 paper
   scale 1:1
2. Complete with size!
3. On tolerance draft put the
   quality middle on each price.
                  EVALUATION

1. Mention the function of tolerance !
2. Tolerance is ….
3. Maximum size is ….
4. Maximum size based on ISO is ….
5. Temperatur degree based on ISO is ….
6. Based ISO, tolerance letter show… if number ….
7. Mention leter does not use in ISO tolerance!
8. Mention 2 component include in fuse type!
9. Hole type show with … capital…
10. See the draft, decide tolerance price ǿ10h6, ǿ20p6,
   ǿ10H7.
                REFERENCE
1. Menggambar Teknik 1, depdikbud
2. Menggambar Teknik 2, depdikbud
3. Windarto, Buku Teknik Pemesinan, 2008,Depdiknas,
4. Wahyu Makhmud Sueb dkk, Menggambar Mesin
   secara terperinci, Buku Gambar Teknik mesin ,2004
5. Modul Teknik Pemesinan, 2007
6. Nanang Ruhyat . Modul 3, Menggambar Teknik, Pusat
   Pengembangan Bahan Ajar-UMB
7. Nanang Ruhyat,Modul 7, Menggambar Teknik, Pusat
   Pengembangan Bahan Ajar-UMB
8. Widarto. 2008. Teknik Pemesinan Jilid 1 (BSE).
   Jakarta: Dit. PSMK     DEPDIKNAS

								
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