Verbs

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					          Verbs
Main/Action, Helping, Linking,
State of Being
I. What is a verb?

 A   verb is one of the most
   important parts of the sentence.
  It tells the subjects actions,
   events, or state of being.
  It is always found in the
   predicate of a sentence.
II. Action Verbs


     A verb is a word that
      can express:

     Action
         tells what the
          subject does

     Our team scored the
      winning basket.
There are two kinds of action verbs:

     Physical action
         The winner
          crossed the finish
          line.


     Mental action
         Ben dreamed of
          winning the race.
The words are action verbs:

                      ran
    coughed
                 swallowed
    ride               sang
             awake
Can you find the action verb in each
sentence?

 1. The girls danced in the recital.
 2. Our mailman drove a funny car
    last week.
 3. His teacher wrote the answers
    on the board.
 4. Alice worked on her homework
    last night.
III. Helping Verbs

    A helping verb works with a main verb to
     help you understand what action is
     taking place.

     Elmer was
     using the
     computer.
23 Helping Verbs
may be      do       should have    will
might being does     could had      can
must been did        would has      shall
      am
      are
      is
      was
      were

     (main) (main)         (main)
Helping Verbs
 Other things to keep in mind:
 •Not every sentence will have a
 helping verb with the main
 verb.
 •When you see an "ing" verb
 such as "running", be on the
 lookout for a helping verb also.
Helping Verbs

 •Sometimes there is another word
 which separates the helping verb from
 the main verb.
 •One common example is "not", as in:
     •The boy couldn't find his socks.
     •The helping verb is could and the
     main verb is find.
Helping Verbs
 •A sentence may contain up to three
 helping verbs to the main verb.
 •An example would be:
   •The dog must have been chasing
   the cat.
     •The helping verbs are: must,
     have, and been; the main verb is
     chasing.
IV. Linking/State of Being Verbs

 A verb is a word that
   can express:
 A state of being
        tells what the
         subject is

    John is       our    best
     player.
What is a state of being verb?

 State   of being verbs are often
   called linking verbs because
   they link the subject of the
   sentence with information
   about it.
                       PREDICATE

             SUBJECT
Linking Verbs

Definition: links, or
connects, the subject with a
noun, a pronoun, or an
adjective in the predicate.
State of Being Linking Verbs

 There  are 8 state of being
  linking verbs:
   isam are
   was were

   be being been
Linking Verbs
Sensory Linking Verbs:
appear  grow feel
seem   remain   sound
become   look  smell
stay    taste     turn
Linking Verbs
The subject is linked to a noun
following the verb to create a
predicate noun:
 Father Chaminade is a priest.
 Father Langorian was his friend.
Linking Verbs
The subject is linked to the
adjective following the verb create
a predicate adjective:

 He is hopeful.
 Melissa is intelligent.
The teacher is tall.

    In this sentence, is links the teacher to
     information about her-the fact that she is
     tall. That is her state of being.
Linking Verbs
•Most linking verbs, except the
forms of be and seem, may
also be used as action verbs.

•Whether a verb is being used
to link words or to express
action depends on its meaning
in a sentence.
This candy tastes so sweet.

    In this sentence, tastes links candy to
     information about it—its sweetness. Did
     you think taste was an action verb? Well,
     it is—when the subject is doing the
     tasting. But here, the candy isn't doing
     any tasting. The candy itself tastes
     sweet. That is its state of being.
Linking Verbs
To check to see if the verb is a linking
verb, substitute the verb with is or are.
Example:
 Father Chaminade seems happy.
   Father Chaminade is happy.
  Father Chaminade looked tired
  when he reached Spain.
 Father Chaminade was tired when he reached
 Spain.
Can you tell which are linking verbs?

  were       run     will be    jump

  shine       skip       sing         is

  could      has      drive         draw
                         Ready to
                         move on?
OOPS! That is an action verb.

 Try again
Yes! That is a state of being verb.

  Try
 another!

				
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posted:1/30/2012
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