VIEWS: 12 PAGES: 25 POSTED ON: 1/30/2012
Verbs Main/Action, Helping, Linking, State of Being I. What is a verb? A verb is one of the most important parts of the sentence. It tells the subjects actions, events, or state of being. It is always found in the predicate of a sentence. II. Action Verbs A verb is a word that can express: Action tells what the subject does Our team scored the winning basket. There are two kinds of action verbs: Physical action The winner crossed the finish line. Mental action Ben dreamed of winning the race. The words are action verbs: ran coughed swallowed ride sang awake Can you find the action verb in each sentence? 1. The girls danced in the recital. 2. Our mailman drove a funny car last week. 3. His teacher wrote the answers on the board. 4. Alice worked on her homework last night. III. Helping Verbs A helping verb works with a main verb to help you understand what action is taking place. Elmer was using the computer. 23 Helping Verbs may be do should have will might being does could had can must been did would has shall am are is was were (main) (main) (main) Helping Verbs Other things to keep in mind: •Not every sentence will have a helping verb with the main verb. •When you see an "ing" verb such as "running", be on the lookout for a helping verb also. Helping Verbs •Sometimes there is another word which separates the helping verb from the main verb. •One common example is "not", as in: •The boy couldn't find his socks. •The helping verb is could and the main verb is find. Helping Verbs •A sentence may contain up to three helping verbs to the main verb. •An example would be: •The dog must have been chasing the cat. •The helping verbs are: must, have, and been; the main verb is chasing. IV. Linking/State of Being Verbs A verb is a word that can express: A state of being tells what the subject is John is our best player. What is a state of being verb? State of being verbs are often called linking verbs because they link the subject of the sentence with information about it. PREDICATE SUBJECT Linking Verbs Definition: links, or connects, the subject with a noun, a pronoun, or an adjective in the predicate. State of Being Linking Verbs There are 8 state of being linking verbs: isam are was were be being been Linking Verbs Sensory Linking Verbs: appear grow feel seem remain sound become look smell stay taste turn Linking Verbs The subject is linked to a noun following the verb to create a predicate noun: Father Chaminade is a priest. Father Langorian was his friend. Linking Verbs The subject is linked to the adjective following the verb create a predicate adjective: He is hopeful. Melissa is intelligent. The teacher is tall. In this sentence, is links the teacher to information about her-the fact that she is tall. That is her state of being. Linking Verbs •Most linking verbs, except the forms of be and seem, may also be used as action verbs. •Whether a verb is being used to link words or to express action depends on its meaning in a sentence. This candy tastes so sweet. In this sentence, tastes links candy to information about it—its sweetness. Did you think taste was an action verb? Well, it is—when the subject is doing the tasting. But here, the candy isn't doing any tasting. The candy itself tastes sweet. That is its state of being. Linking Verbs To check to see if the verb is a linking verb, substitute the verb with is or are. Example: Father Chaminade seems happy. Father Chaminade is happy. Father Chaminade looked tired when he reached Spain. Father Chaminade was tired when he reached Spain. Can you tell which are linking verbs? were run will be jump shine skip sing is could has drive draw Ready to move on? OOPS! That is an action verb. Try again Yes! That is a state of being verb. Try another!
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