-Most of Eastern Europe has been undergoing a political and
cultural renaissance since the 1989 fall of the Berlin Wall. After
decades of Soviet dominance, the region is recovering from the
collapse of an inefficient economy and the resulting environmental
damage, including the accident at Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant
• Albania is one of the only majority Muslim nations in
• In Albania, nodding the head means no and shaking
the head means yes.
•The Strait of Otranto
from the heel of Italy.
-Belarus means “White Russia”
-The population took a toll
during WWII losing more than 2
-In 1986 nuclear disaster
Chernobyl , in Ukraine,
contaminated 1/3 of Belarus
leaving 25% of the land
uninhabitable to this day.
-There are 3 ethnic groups, Serbs,
Croats, and Bosniaks.
-Bosnia takes it name from the Bosna River
that runs through it. Herzegovina from the
herceg (duke) who ruled the southern region
until the 15th century Turkish conquest.
-The presidency rotates among 3 members, one Serb,
one Croat, and one Bosniak. Each is directly elected
for a 4 year term.
-There are more then
4,000 mapped caves in
-Bulgarians have a
tradition of gratitude
toward Russians, who in
1878 helped end 500
years of Ottoman rule.
-Bulgaria is one of the largest
producers of rose oil, one of the key
components of almost all perfumes.
in Croatia and
-Croatian young people can
vote at the age of 16 if they
have a job but must wait until
18 if they are unemployed.
-Dalmatian dogs come from
the Dalmatia coast.
-In 1993 the Czechs and Slovaks
decided to separate (the Velvet
Divorce) forming the countries
of the Czech Republic and the
-The Czech Republic is almost entirely
surrounded by mountains (except to the
south, toward Austria and Slovakia),
marking the border with Germany and
•A Czech, the chemist Otto
Wichterle, invented the soft
contact lenses in 1959
-Hungary is one of the oldest
countries in Europe, founded
way back in the year 896
-Hungarian language is also known as
Magyar and is the direct descendent of
the language spoken by the Huns, who
gave the country its name.
-The noiseless match, Rubik's cube, holography,
ballpoint pen, theory of the hydrogen bomb, BASIC
programming language and the krypton electric
bulb were invented by Hungarians only.
-In the 1990s poor economic policies,
international sanctions, limited access to
trade and finance, and ethnic conflict
severely damaged Kosovo's economy, and it
now has one of the poorest economies in
-Kosovo became a nation when
its parliament declared
independence from Serbia on
February 17, 2008.
-It is a geographical basin, situated at an altitude of about
500 meters, surrounded by mountains, and divided by a
central north/south ridge into two sub regions of roughly
equal size and population.
-On 1 May 2004, Latvia became a member of the European
-From 1939-1989 the
proportion of ethnic
Latvians in Latvia dropped
from 73 to 52 percent—due
to heavy Russian
immigration and Latvian
independence in 1991,
Latvian ethnicity has
started to rebound and now
constitutes 59 percent of
are 29 percent.
-Latvia, along with the neighboring
countries Estonia and Lithuania is
known as the Baltic States.
-Lithuania is spread
over an area of
sq km (25,212 sq
miles) and is about the
same size as West
-Lithuania was the last
country in Europe to be
converted to Christianity.
-Juozapinė Hill is the highest point in
Lithuania with an elevation of only
292.7 meters (957 feet).
-65% of the
population are -There are more
Estonians and than 1,500 islands,
28% are 1,000 lakes (5 per
Russians. cent of the Estonian
rivers and streams
in Estonia, bogs and
-Estonians have one of the biggest of different types
collections of folk songs in the world, cover over one fifth
with written records of about 133,000 of the country.
-Lake Ohrid is one of the world's oldest lakes.
-Over the years, official country borders have
been redrawn. At the beginning of the
twentieth century "Macedonia" was divided
between Bulgaria (Pirin Macedonia), Greece
(Aegean Macedonia) and Serbia (Vardar
-Most of Moldova was
part of Romania before
World War II, and two-
At the end of thirds of Moldovans
1991 the USSR speak Romanian
was dissolved and
-One of the poorest nations in
Europe, Moldova became the
first former Soviet state to
elect a Communist as its
president in 2001.
-It is about the
declared its size of
June 3, 2006
-The country got its
name (literally, “black
mountain”) from the
dark, mountain forests
that cover the land
-Buffered by the Baltic Sea in the north and
the Carpathian Mountains in the south,
Poland enjoys no such natural protection to
the east and west.
-It was the first
overthrow -The Polish alphabet consists of
communist rule. 32 letters. Here they are:
-Popularly known as "Dracula's Castle,"
Bran Castle is spectacularly situated in the
Transylvanian Alps. Vlad Tepes (the
Impaler), brutal inspiration for the Dracula
legend, probably never stayed here.
-The Carpathian Mountains and the Transylvanian Alps
divide the country into three physical and historical regions:
Wallachia in the south, Moldavia in the northeast, and
Transylvania in the country's center.
Ukraine is the
-Ukraine suffered the world's worst recorded nuclear
accident. On the morning of April 26, 1986, reactor No. 4 at
the Chornobyl Nuclear Power Plant, 80 miles north of Kiev,
exploded, sending radioactive contaminants three miles up
into the atmosphere and out over parts of Europe, Asia, and
-Ukraine declared independence from the
Soviet Union in August 1991.
-3rd largest island in
-Cyprus is a divided
country. A UN
buffer zone (known
as the Green Line)
separates the self-
of Northern Cyprus
and the Greek
-Archaeological evidence suggests that people
first lived on the island of Cyprus 10,000 years
-The official name of Greece
is the Hellenic Republic
-80% landscape of Greece
comprises of mountains. Only one
half of the country is covered by
forests, the other half is barren.
-There are about 3000 islands in
Greece. However, only a few
hundred of them are inhabited
-The Azure Window, a natural
megalithic archway over the
sea in Gozo.
-Malta has no natural resources, lakes or rivers.