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         MVGR COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING
                               -CHINTALAVALASA; VIZIANAGARAM-535005.




                 DIGITAL JEWELLERY
          MADE POSSIBLE USING WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS




                                BY


                                               SAILUSHA REDDY G
                                               2/4 ECE


                                               SAHITYA M
                                               2/4 IT
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ABSTRACT                                                  Digital jewellery. An embedded system is a
                                                          special-purpose computer system designed to
                                                          perform one or a few dedicated functions, often
Mobile computing is beginning to break the                with real-time computing constraints. It is
chains that tie us to our desks, but many of              usually embedded as part of a complete device
today's mobile devices can still be a bit                 including hardware and mechanical parts. In
awkward to carry around. In the next age of               contrast, a general-purpose computer, such as
computing, there will be an explosion of                  a personal computer, can do many different
computer parts across our bodies, rather than             tasks depending on programming. Embedded
across        our            desktops.         Wireless   systems control many of the common devices
communication is                 the           transfer   in use today.
of information over a distance without the use
                                                          Digital jewellery can best be defined as
of   electrical     conductors         or   "wires".The
                                                          wireless, wearable computers that allow you to
distances involved may be short (a few meters
                                                          communicate by ways of e-mail, voicemail,
as in television remote control) or very long
                                                          and    voice    communication.      This    paper
(thousands or even millions of kilometers for
                                                          enlightens on how various computerized
radio communications). When the context is
                                                          jewelry (like ear-rings, necklace, ring, bracelet,
clear the term is often simply shortened to
                                                          etc.,) will work with mobile embedded
"wireless".       Wireless      communications       is
                                                          intelligence.
generally considered to be a branch of
telecommunications.                                               Even the devices we use are protected
                                                          by passwords. It can be frustrating trying to
Basically, jewellery adorns the body, and has
                                                          keep with all of the passwords and keys needed
very little practical purpose. The combination
                                                          to access any door or computer program. This
of microcomputer devices and increasing
                                                          paper discusses about a new Java-based,
Computer      power      has       allowed      several
                                                          computerized ring that will automatically
companies     to      begin      producing      fashion
                                                          unlock doors and log on to computers
jewellery with embedded intelligence i.e.,
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                                                    Consumer and professional Marine
                                                   VHF radios
                                                     Cellular telephones and pagers: provide
                                                   connectivity for portable and mobile
                                                   applications, both personal and business.
                                                      Global Positioning System (GPS):
                                                   allows drivers of cars and trucks, captains
                                                   of boats and ships, and pilots of aircraft to
                                                   ascertain their location anywhere on earth.
PROLOGUE:
                                                      Cordless computer peripherals: the
WIRELESS COMMUNICATION:                            cordless mouse is a common example;
                                                   keyboards and printers can also be linked
                                                   to a computer via wireless.
The term "wireless" has become a generic and
all-encompassing word used to describe               Cordless telephone sets: these are
communications in which electromagnetic            limited-range devices, not to be confused
waves or RF (rather than some form of wire)        with cell phones.
carry a signal over part or the entire                Satellite television: allows viewers in
communication path. Common examples of             almost any location to select from hundreds
wireless equipment in use today include:           of channels.
                                                      Wireless Gaming: New gaming
      Professional   LMR   (Land    Mobile        consoles allow players to interact and play
    Radio) and SMR (Specialized Mobile             in the same game regardless of whether
    Radio) typically used by business,             they are playing on different consoles.
    industrial and Public Safety entities          Players can chat, send text messages as
       Consumer Two Way Radio including           well as record sound and send it to their
    FRS (Family Radio Service), GMRS               friends. Controllers also use wireless
    (General Mobile Radio Service) and             technology. They do not have any cords
    Citizens band ("CB") radios                    but they can send the information from
      The Amateur Radio Service (Ham              what is being pressed on the controller to
    radio)                                         the main console which then processes this
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   information and makes it happen in the
   game. All of these steps are completed in
   milliseconds.                                   By the end of the decade, we could be wearing
                                                   our computers instead of sitting in front of
                                                   them.


                                                   2.       WHAT             IS        DIGITAL
                                                   JEWELLERY?

                                                   Digital jewelry is the fashion jewelry with
                                                   embedded intelligence. “Digital jewelry” can
                                                   help you solve problems like forgotten
                                                   passwords      and   security badges.   “Digital
                                                   jewelry” is a nascent catchphrase for wearable
                                                   ID   devices     that   contain   personal   info
                                                   like passwords, identification, and account
                                                   information. They have the potential to be all-
                                                   in-one replacements for your driver’s license,
The latest computer craze has been to be able
                                                   key chain, business cards, credit cards, health
to wear wireless computers. The Computer
                                                   insurance card, corporate security badge, and
Fashion Wave, "Digital Jewellery" looks to be
                                                   loose cash. They can also solve a common
the next sizzling fashion trend of the
                                                   dilemma of today’s wired world – the forgotten
technological wave. The combination of
                                                   password.
shrinking computer devices and increasing
computer     power    has    allowed     several
companies    to   begin     producing   fashion
jewellery with embedded intelligence. The
whole concept behind this is to be able to
communicate to others by means of wireless
appliances. The other key factor of this concept
market is to stay fashionable at the same time.
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                                                   components found in a conventional mobile
                                                   phone.

                                                   Together, the digital-jewellery cell phone
                                                   should work just like a conventional cell
                                                   phone. The various components that are inside
                                                   a cell phone: Microphone, Receiver, Touch
                                                   pad, Display, Circuit board, Antenna, and
                                                   Battery.
                                                   IBM has developed a prototype of a cell phone
                                                   that consists of several pieces of digital
                                                   jewellery that will work together wirelessly,
                                                   possibly with Blue tooth wireless technology,
                                                   to perform the functions of the above
                                                   components.




2.1. DIGITAL JEWELLERY AND
ITS     COMPONENTS

Soon, cell phones will take a totally new form,
appearing to have no form at all. Instead of one
single device, cell phones will be broken up
                                                   Cell phones may one day be comprised of
into their basic components and packaged as        digital accessories that Work together
various pieces of digital jewellery. Each piece    through wireless connections.

of jewellery will contain a fraction of the
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Here are the pieces of computerized-jewelry
phone and their functions:

   Earrings - Speakers embedded into these
    earrings will be the phone's receiver.
   Necklace - Users will talk into the
    necklace's embedded microphone.
   Ring - Perhaps the most interesting piece
    of the phone, this "magic decoder ring” is
    equipped     with    light-emitting      diodes
    (LEDs) that flash to indicate an incoming
    call. It can also be programmed to flash
    different colors to identify a particular
    caller or indicate the importance of a call.
   Bracelet - Equipped with a video graphics
    array (VGA) display, this wrist display
    could also be used as a caller identifier that
    flashes the name and phone number of the
    caller.




                                                      With a jewellery phone, the keypad and dialing
                                                      function could be integrated into the bracelet,
                                                      or else dumped altogether -- it's likely that
                                                      voice-recognition software will be used to
                                                      make calls.
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                                                     This Track Point ring will be very valuable
                                                     when monitors shrink to the size of watch face.
                                                     In the coming age of ubiquitous computing,
                                                     displays will no longer be tied to desktops or
                                                     wall screens. Instead, you'll wear the display
                                                     like a pair of sunglasses or a bracelet.
                                                     Researchers are overcoming several obstacles
                                                     facing these new wearable displays, the most
                                                     important of which is the readability of
                                                     information displayed on these tiny devices.
IBM's magic decoder rings will flash when
you get a call.

The same ring that flashes for phone calls
could also inform you that e-mail is piling up
in your inbox. This flashing alert could also
indicate the urgency of the e-mail.




The mouse-ring that IBM is developing will
use the company's Track Point technology to
wirelessly move the cursor on a computer-
                                                     Prototype bracelet display developed by
monitor display. (Track Point is the little
                                                     IBM
button embedded in the keyboard of some
laptops). IBM Researchers have transferred           2.2.                         TECHNICAL
TrackPoint technology to a ring, which looks
                                                     SPECIFICATIONS             OF     DIGITAL
something like a black-pearl ring. On top of the
                                                     JEWELLERY
ring is a little black ball that users will swivel
to move the cursor, in the same way that the         Digital jewelry devices consist of a screen or
TrackPoint button on a laptop is used.               display for information, most likely consisting
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of 7-16-segment, or dot matrix LEDs, LCDs,
or     other       technologies       such     as
electroluminescent material (EL) or others,
which could become an optional display. So
too, an audiovisual or other 'display' could
consist of a speaker, a single flashing light, a
sensor of some kind (such as a temperature
driven EL display), or other informational
                                                     Digital Jewelry can be made in many different
aesthetic. A micro controller that is a surface
                                                     sizes and shapes with a variety of materials
mounted device (SMD) on a printed circuit
                                                     ranging from plastic and metal to rubber and
board (PCB) with resistors (R) and capacitors
                                                     glass. They utilize electromagnetic properties
(C) are the internal 'guts' of the jewelry.
                                                     and electronics to display information through
                                                     a screen or display of some kind. This could
                                                     range from LED 7-segment, 16-segment, dot
                                                     matrix, and other programmable LEDs devices
                                                     to LCDs, OLEDs, and other displays, which
3. DISPLAY TECHNOLOGIES                              are all driven by the self-contained jewellery
                                                     devices                           themselves.
The digital jewelry display, for instance, every
alphabet and number system has found
representation within the electronics realm and      3.1. PROTOTYPES OF DIGITAL
'dot-matrix' (a matrix of single LEDs) is used
                                                     JEWELLERY
to display Chinese and Japanese and other
character sets, as can the alternative display for
LCDs (liquid-crystal-displays) also be used, as
often found in watches.
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Complete HIOX necklace showing all 26
letters of the Roman alphabet extended in 4-
dimensional                      space-time.



4. THE JAVA RING
It seems that everything we access today is
under lock and key. Even the devices we use
                                                  Blue Dot receptor
are protected by passwords. It can be
frustrating trying to keep with all of the      The Java Ring is snapped into a reader, called a
passwords and keys needed to access any door    Blue Dot receptor, to allow communication
or computer program. Dallas Semiconductor is    between a host system and the Java Ring. The
developing a new Java-based, computerized       Java Ring is a stainless-steel ring, 16-
ring that will automatically unlock doors and   millimeters (0.6 inches) in diameter, which
log on to computers.                            houses a 1-million-transistor processor, called
                                                an iButton. The ring has 134 KB of RAM, 32
                                                KB of ROM, a real-time clock and a Java
                                                virtual machine, which is a piece of software
                                                that    recognizes   the     Java   language   and
                                                translates it for the user's computer system.
                                                Digital jewelry, (designed to supplement the
                                                personal computer,) will be the evolution in
                                                digital   technology       that   makes   computer
                                                elements entirely compatible with the human
                                                form.

The Java Ring can be programmed to give
                                                Highlights of Java Ring
you access to every door and device.                Runs Java better (plus portions
                                                       enhance Java Card 2.0)
                                                    Careful attention to physical security
                                                       (rapid zeroization)
                                                    Durability to stand up to everyday use
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       High memory capacity (up to 134K          2.Blue tooth Connect without Cables--Jennifer
        bytes NV SRAM)                            Bray and Charles F Sturman
       Retail connectivity to 250 million
        existing computers (less if designed-in   3. Cellular & Mobile Communications-- LEE
        before manufacturing)
                                                  Web

                                                  www.IBM.com.

                                                  www.google.com.

                                                  www.howstuffworks.com.




5. CONCLUSION




The basic idea behind the digital jewelry
concept is to have the convenience of wireless,
wearable     computers     while     remaining
fashionably sound. It is hoped to be marketable
soon, however, several bugs remain. Charging
capabilities and cost are just a sample of the
problems that lurk.

6. BIBLIOGRAPHY

Books

1. Mobile Communications --Jochen Schiller

				
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posted:1/29/2012
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