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The Pastoral

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					    The Pastoral

It’s not all about the sheep




                               1
Classical Pastoral

         • Est. by Theocritus in
           Greek (3rd century
           BCE)
         • Popularized by Virgil
           in Latin: Ecologues
         • Also: bucolic poetry,
           idyll, ecologue



                                   2
              Conventions
           THE GOLDEN AGE
• Golden Age: a time
  of simplicity and
  perfection associated
  with the past
  – Simple
  – Innocent
  – Close to nature =
    close to Nature



                            3
IDEALIZED NATURAL SETTING




                            4
Ideal vs the Real




                    5
SHEPHERD’S LIFE FOR ME
           • idealized labour
           • Carpe diem
           • Note the
             nakedness—both a
             patriarchal sign and a
             figure for the ―natural‖
             openness and
             truthfulness of the
             country

                                    6
      Satirical Pastoral:
The ―Contrivance‖ of The Court




                                 7
 This is not the escapism you were
              looking for.




• Strong connection between the pastoral space and the
  space of the city or Court
• Replication or reproduction of Courtly models in the
  country
   – Displaced articulation of critique
   – Alternative perspective on the ―centre‖
                                                         8
         Sheep: Cash Crop
• Woolen industry = the engine of English
  economy
• Much animosity between peasantry and
  ―big business‖ over
  – Enclosure
  – Manufacture
  – Suppression of traditional celebrations


                                              9
   Shaggy Foreground Objects
• Idealization of the
  Pastoral subject (lusty
  shepherds, buxom milk-
  maids) and the type of
  labour they undertake
   – Effaces political tension
   – Effaces material conditions
   – Figures the pastoral
     landscape as a ―time out of
     time‖




                                   10
Hindsight: Nostalgia




                       11

				
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posted:1/29/2012
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