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The conditionals

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					The Conditionals

By Mark
Introduction
   What are the conditionals, and why the
    gobbledygook?
   First Conditional
     Your   turn!
   Second Conditional
     Have   a go!
   Third Conditional
     Try   and think of examples.
   Conclusion
     The   gobbledygook
 What are the Conditionals?
Basically they are the heart of ‘LIFE’.
‘If’ statements are Conditionals. Conditional
   meaning ‘on condition you do this, I will do
   that’, a bit like negotiating. The one
   difference is there are real and hypothetical,
   imaginary. Only the first one is real, the
   others are daydreamers words 
The first conditional (drum roll!)
You mean all that just for the word ‘if’ 

   If I study hard, there is a good chance I will get
    an A in this exam.
   If you leave now, you can get the last train.
   If you don’t leave now, you will have to walk
    home.
   If Dave calls again, tell him I am out!
   If we finish this today, we won’t have to do it next
    week.
Your turn!
 Think what things you can say with the
  word if, similar to the sentences on the last
  slide.
 Remember: If…then…
 Try and write two sentences and share
  with your friend, or read them out loud.
The second conditional (drum roll)
What all that again for if I do that! I don’t know 


 If I saved all my money I could buy that
  new digital camera by the end of the
  month
 If I finished my work early today, I would
  be home in time for the football.
 I would beat the rush hour traffic, if I left
  now.
 You wouldn’t be too upset, if we didn’t see
  the movie this weekend?
Have a go!
 This is more difficult, because it is
  imagining rather than happening, by using
  these words you are using your
  imagination to look into the future by
  changing something in the present 
 Try and write two things with if then would
 Remember: If.. then would… (imaginary)
The third conditional (drum roll)
Now, that is more difficult isn’t it? 

   If I had know that, I wouldn’t have bought the
    thing in the first place!
   If only I had worked harder before the test, now
    it’s too late to try again.
   If you had done that yesterday, you wouldn’t be
    moaning about it today.
   If we had looked through this paperwork last
    month, we could have cleared this mess up by
    now, couldn’t we?
Try and think of some examples
 This is much more difficult because it isn’t
  only imaginary, it is imaginary in hindsight,
  that is in the past, trying to change
  something that it is too late to change,
  normally with regret.
 Try and think of one or two examples and
  share with a friend, or read them out loud.
 Remember: If I had… then I would have…
Conclusion
We have talked about:
 The first conditional with examples
 The second conditional with examples
 The third conditional with examples.
 I have added a page of gobbledygook at
  the end for those interested in the
  language of grammar.
The gobbledygook
   The first conditional (type 1)
     If+ present tense.. will + inf, present tense,
      imperative.
   The second conditional (type 2)
     If   + past tense… would inf
   The third conditional (type 3)
     If   + past perfect… would have+ past participle

				
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posted:1/28/2012
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