What are the conditionals, and why the
Have a go!
Try and think of examples.
What are the Conditionals?
Basically they are the heart of ‘LIFE’.
‘If’ statements are Conditionals. Conditional
meaning ‘on condition you do this, I will do
that’, a bit like negotiating. The one
difference is there are real and hypothetical,
imaginary. Only the first one is real, the
others are daydreamers words
The first conditional (drum roll!)
You mean all that just for the word ‘if’
If I study hard, there is a good chance I will get
an A in this exam.
If you leave now, you can get the last train.
If you don’t leave now, you will have to walk
If Dave calls again, tell him I am out!
If we finish this today, we won’t have to do it next
Think what things you can say with the
word if, similar to the sentences on the last
Try and write two sentences and share
with your friend, or read them out loud.
The second conditional (drum roll)
What all that again for if I do that! I don’t know
If I saved all my money I could buy that
new digital camera by the end of the
If I finished my work early today, I would
be home in time for the football.
I would beat the rush hour traffic, if I left
You wouldn’t be too upset, if we didn’t see
the movie this weekend?
Have a go!
This is more difficult, because it is
imagining rather than happening, by using
these words you are using your
imagination to look into the future by
changing something in the present
Try and write two things with if then would
Remember: If.. then would… (imaginary)
The third conditional (drum roll)
Now, that is more difficult isn’t it?
If I had know that, I wouldn’t have bought the
thing in the first place!
If only I had worked harder before the test, now
it’s too late to try again.
If you had done that yesterday, you wouldn’t be
moaning about it today.
If we had looked through this paperwork last
month, we could have cleared this mess up by
now, couldn’t we?
Try and think of some examples
This is much more difficult because it isn’t
only imaginary, it is imaginary in hindsight,
that is in the past, trying to change
something that it is too late to change,
normally with regret.
Try and think of one or two examples and
share with a friend, or read them out loud.
Remember: If I had… then I would have…
We have talked about:
The first conditional with examples
The second conditional with examples
The third conditional with examples.
I have added a page of gobbledygook at
the end for those interested in the
language of grammar.
The first conditional (type 1)
If+ present tense.. will + inf, present tense,
The second conditional (type 2)
If + past tense… would inf
The third conditional (type 3)
If + past perfect… would have+ past participle