Addictive Personality

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					Addictive Personality

              Created by:
Sean Frasier, Melissa Lindaman, Danielle
    Johnson, and Yolanda Holman
        What is Addiction?
Can be to almost
anything, including
drugs, alcohol, food,
and gambling

Compulsion to
engage in an act

Disregard for
personal well being
What is Personality?
            Unique differences
            between people
            Behavior that persists
            through time
            Can be both conscious
            and unconscious
            We may not understand
            why we act the way we
      Addictive Personality
Problems delaying gratification
Impulsive behavior
Antisocial traits
Social Alienation
Lack of self-esteem
Depression and anxiety
     How can this develop?
Physical abuse as a child
Deprivation or overindulgence in early life
Marked swings from unrealistic praise to
destructive hypercritical behavior
Too much or too little love and discipline in
early childhood life
Inconsistency is a key part
Relationships between Addictions

People with addiction problems also are likely to
qualify for other psychiatric disorders
Drug, alcohol, and gambling addictions have
similar personality cues and factors
         Switching Addictions
Addictive personality types
often go from one addiction
to another
Addictive personality causes
many individuals with
addictions to drugs/alcohol
to turn to other forms of
addiction after successfully
recovering from the
Common post-recovery
addictions include gambling,
sex, food, and work
                  Warning Signs

Difficulty delaying gratification or holding out for later larger reward
may be marker for vulnerability to alcoholism
50 percent of alcoholic patients have psychiatric disorders that
include pathological impulsivity

You hide your drinking or drug use or hide how much you drink
              Current Research
Indicate that gamblers and alcoholics do have distinct traits that
affect their cravings.
Not all individuals with similar personalities will develop certain
addictions but they may be more vulnerable.
Individuals with personality disorders are more likely to abuse
substances that those without personality disorder
Most often personality disorder precedes the substance abuse
          Why should I care?
In 2004, approximately 22.5 million Americans aged 12
or older needed treatment for substance (alcohol or illicit
drug) abuse and addiction. Of these, only 3.8 million
people received it
The latest estimate for the costs to society of illicit drug
abuse alone is $181 billion
Successful drug abuse treatment can help reduce this
cost; crime; and the spread of HIV/AIDS, hepatitis, and
other infectious diseases
Understanding the link between personality type and
addiction reduces crime and monetary costs to everyone
Where to find more information

Reading includes
  The Addictive Personality: Understanding the Addictive Process and
   Compulsive Behavior by Craig Nakken
  The Antisocial Personalities by David T. Lykken

Good websites include
Morris, Charles G. and Maisto, Albert A., Understanding Psychology, p.352-383

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