This refers to care provided at home, and is usually suited to those individuals
with a less acute needs. It may involve short-term visits from the district nurse
during convalescence or meals on wheels for those who have difficulty
preparing food. In general terms, care is targeted to provide help with a
specific task, for example getting up in the morning or bathing. Help may also
be provided by the installation of specialised equipment such as grab rails or
adapted sanitary ware
Traditionally, partners, family and friends have provided domiciliary care.
However, there is an increasing need for professional help and support.
There are a growing number of private nursing and care agencies that
specialise in providing tailor made care packages to suit individual
circumstances. In addition, voluntary organisations and charities play a major
role in this area, providing both physical and social care and offering support
to the carers
Sheltered Housing schemes are ideal for active retired people who wish to
lead independent lives, but also require the security of a Warden who is on
hand in case of emergencies. It should be noted that such Wardens only offer
a watchful eye and any care requirement will need to be met from the range of
domiciliary services available. Sheltered housing is offered by a variety of
providers, for rent or sale and your local Citizens Advice Bureau or District
Council should be able to provide a list of schemes in your area.
Respite and Day Care
Circumstances may arise in which an individual requires a period of more
intensive care. This may be following a period of sickness or perhaps because
of the absence of the usual family carer as a result of holidays. In such
situations, respite care in a specialist nursing or residential establishment may
provide the solution. Many homes, particularly those in the independent sector
are able to provide extremely flexible respite care packages. These can range
from a two-week visit, to day care or even an overnight stay
Residential and Nursing Homes
There will be occasions, when the level of care needed, cannot practically or
cost-effectively be provided in your own home on a permanent basis.
Therefore, consideration will need to be given to the facilities provided by
residential and nursing homes as a longer-term arrangement. Coming to
terms with this situation can be extremely traumatic for everyone concerned.
Many of our preconceptions about care homes are very often far removed
from reality. There is a range and variety of care homes to suit every taste
and preference. When people actually visit a home for the first time, a reaction
of 'I had no idea it would be this nice' is commonplace. There is no denying
that the decision to enter care will invariably mean giving up your own home,
and this is understandably a step which is taken with a degree of reluctance.
However, many people in residential care are still active and continue to
pursue many of the activities, which they enjoyed whilst living in their own
home, but with the added benefit of security, companionship and 24 hour
The vast majority of residential and nursing care in the UK is provided by the
independent sector, which include voluntary and private organisation. This is
supplemented by a smaller number of homes, which are owned and operated
by Local Authority Social Services Departments. It is a common
misconception that private care homes are only available to wealthy
individuals. In actual fact people whose care needs are entirely funded by the
government are able to live in a private home if they wish, and indeed the cost
of care in a private home can be up to a third less expensive than that
provided by the Local Authority.