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Quiz Review K. Sanderson All minerals in the sulfate and sulfide groups contain what element? A. Sulfur B. Silicon C. Oxygen D. Carbon What are the building blocks of minerals? a. Rocks b. Elements c. Isotopes d. electrons The building block or structure of the silicate minerals is called the __ a. silicon-oxygen tetrahedron b. Aluminum-oxygen tetrahedron c. Silicon-oxygen triangle d. Silicon-aluminum triangle The central region of an atom is called the ___. a. Proton b. Electron c. Nucleus d. neutron A mineral that contains carbon, oxygen, and a metallic like element (like magnesium) would be classified as a(n): a. Silicate b. Oxide c. Carbonate d. melting Atoms containing the same number of protons & different number of neutrons are __. a. Isotopes b. Ions c. Neutrons d. Compounds The process of mineral formation from magma is called __ a. Evaporation b. Precipitation c. Crystallization d. Melting Isotopes of the same element differ in the number of __. a. Protons b. Electrons c. Neutrons d. nuclei What is a naturally occurring, inorganic solid with an orderly crystalline structure and a definite chemical composition? a. A mineral b. An element c. An isotope d. A compound The main types of chemical bonds are ___. a. ionic, covalent, and metallic b. Ionic, compound, and metallic c. Isotopic, covalent, and metallic d. Ionic, covalent, and nonmetallic Which of the following is NOT a characteristics of minerals? a. Orderly crystalline structure b. Formed by inorganic processes c. Definite chemical composition d. liquid The tendency of minerals to break along smooth flat surfaces is called ____. a. Fracture b. Cleavage c. Streak d. Crystal form Which of the following properties is generally the least useful in identify minerals? a. Hardness b. Streak c. Cleavage d. color Mohs scale is used to determine what property of minerals? a. Cleavage b. Density c. Hardness d. luster The appearance or quality of light reflected from the surface of a mineral is called ___. a. Streak b. Color c. Cleavage d. luster The color of the powdered form of a mineral is called __. a. Cleavage b. Streak c. Luster d. fracture The resistance of a mineral to being scratched is called __. a. Streak b. Fracture c. Hardness d. cleavage A(n) ______ is an electrically neutral subatomic particle found in the nucleus of an atom Silicon and oxygen combine to form the framework of the most common mineral group, the ______ minerals. The ratio of a mineral’s mass to its volume is its ______. A naturally occurring, inorganic solid with an orderly crystalline structure and definite chemical composition is a(n) _____. The tendency of a mineral to break along planes of weak bonding is called ____.
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