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2011 World Population Data Sheet Review

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(July 2011) Global population will reach 7 billion later in 2011, just 12 years after
reaching 6 billion in 1999.

Today's world population is double the population in 1967. But while the overall
growth rate has slowed, the population is still growing, and growth rates in some
countries show little if any decline.

The Population Reference Bureau's 2011 World Population Data Sheet and
its summary report offer detailed information on 18 population, health, and
environment indicators for more than 200 countries.

"Even though the annual population growth rate has declined to 1.2 percent per year,
world population grows by about 83 million annually," says Wendy Baldwin, PRB's
president. "If the late 1960s population growth rate of 2.1 percent—the highest in
history—had held steady, world population would have grown by 117 million
annually, and today’s population would have been 8.6 billion."

"The world added the sixth billion and the seventh billion in a record 12 years for
each,‖ says Carl Haub, PRB's senior demographer and co-author of this year's data
sheet. "The eighth billion may also take about 12 years, but only if birth rates in all
developing countries follow projections that assume a smooth decline to two children
or fewer."

Declines in birth rates have been virtually universal across countries, but the pattern
of decline has varied widely. In some countries such as Germany, Russia, and Taiwan,
birth rates have fallen far below two children. In other countries such as Bangladesh,
birth rates have decreased and most families have between two and three children. In
still other countries, birth rates remain high; for example, in Niger, seven children per
woman continues to be the norm.

The 2011 World Population Data Sheet provides up-to-date demographic, health, and
environment data for all the countries and major regions of the world. It shows just
how stark the contrasts are between rich and poor countries, as illustrated by the table
with data from Italy and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).

Even though the DRC and Italy have almost the same population size today, the DRC
is projected to more than double its population from 68 million today to 149 million
in 2050. Italy's population will likely grow very slowly from 61 million to 62 million
over that same time. The cause of these enormous differences is lifetime births per
woman and the share of the population in their childbearing years.
Key Demographic Indicators, 2011

                                           Congo, Dem.      Italy
                                           Rep.
Population mid-2011                        68 million       61 million
Population 2050 (projected)                149 million      62 million
Percent of population below age 15         46%              14%
Percent of population ages 65+             3%               20%
Lifetime births per woman                  6.1              1.4
Annual births                              3,050,000        560,000
Annual deaths                              1,140,000        590,000
Infant mortality rate (per 1,000 live      111              3.7
births)
Annual infant deaths                       340,000          2,000
Gross national income per capita, 2009     $300             $31,870


OTHER HIGHLIGHTS FROM THE 2011 WORLD POPULATION DATA
SHEET:

      HIV/AIDS prevalence in sub-Saharan Africa declined by 15 percent among
       adults ages 15 to 49—from 5.9 percent in 2001 to 5.0 percent in 2009. But
       prevalence among adults remains high in many countries—24.8 percent in
       Botswana and 25.9 percent in Swaziland.
      Nearly half the world (48 percent) lives in poverty on less than the equivalent
       of US$2 per day, including 80 percent of people in the Democratic Republic
       of Congo, 76 percent in India, 65 percent in Uganda, and 61 percent in
       Pakistan.
      Virtually all population growth is concentrated in the world's poorest
       countries, making it difficult to lift large numbers of people out of poverty.
      Worldwide, women now average 2.5 children during their lifetimes and 4.5 in
       the poorest countries. Lifetime fertility is highest in sub-Saharan Africa at 5.2
       children per woman. In the developed countries, women average 1.7 children.
       The United States is one exception among high-income countries, with a total
       fertility rate of 2.0 children per woman.
      The U.S. population increased by almost 10 percent between 2000 and 2010,
       but growth patterns varied widely. States in the South and the West grew the
       fastest, while many rural areas lost population, including much of the Great
       Plains and northern and central Appalachia.
Uncovering the Links Between Population and
Economic Development at the PopPov Research
Conference
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January 18th, 2012   | Posted in Income/Poverty, PRB News, Reproductive Health




                                       by Eric Zuehlke, web communications manager

This week, a bunch of us from PRB are in Accra, Ghana for the 6th Annual Research
Conference on Population, Reproductive Health, and Economic Development as part
of the PopPov Research Network. The Population and Poverty Research Network
(PopPov) was created in 2005, when the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation
formed partnerships with funding agencies and program implementers, bringing
together researchers from leading higher education institutions worldwide. PopPov’s
goal is to provide clear evidence that investing in reproductive health can provide
economic benefits at both the household and country level, and how to reach
policymakers and donors with these messages. This week, conference participants
will present their ongoing and completed research on population, reproductive health,
and economic development; identify gaps in evidence and methods that inhibit the
development of sound policies on population and economic development; and discuss
examples of the influence of research on policies and how to communicate research
findings to policymakers.

We’re honored to be co-hosting the conference with the University of Ghana. Fred
Sai, Former Presidential Advisor on Reproductive Health and HIV/AIDS, will give
the keynote address tomorrow. I’m excited to hear his perspective on the progress and
challenges since the International Conference on Population and Development (the
―Cairo conference‖) in 1994. (Dr. Sai was the chair of the conference’s Main
Committee.) Since then, the focus of global family planning efforts has shifted to
women’s rights and empowerment, for women to be able to decide the family size
they desire and have control over their fertility. Donor funding and programming for
family planning is increasing, but the links to economic development is not as clear.
And with many other public health and development issues competing for donor and
policy attention, strong evidence is needed. I expect Dr. Sai, and the conference in
general, to discuss many of these issues.

Throughout the week, I’ll be blogging from Accra and interviewing researchers on
various population and economic issues and their implications for public policy. Stay
tuned for more posts from Accra and quite a few videos on the PRB site over the
coming weeks. Want to learn more about the conference? Visit the PopPov website
for the agenda, conference paper abstracts, and more.
Cameroon 2011 Demographic and Health Survey
Shows Stalled Fertility Decline, Improving Health
Indicators
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December 12th, 2011   | Posted in Health, Population Basics, Reproductive Health

by Carl Haub, senior demographer

The Cameroon 2011 Demographic and Health Survey – Multiple Indicator Cluster
Survey is the fourth DHS in a series that began in 1991. As so often observed in sub-
Saharan countries, the birth rate decline has ―stalled‖ at a high level and, in
Cameroon’s case, for quite some time. The survey interviewed 15,426 women ages 15
to 49 and 7,191 men ages 15 to 59 from January to August, 2011. The total fertility
rate (TFR — the average number of children would bear in her lifetime if the birth
rate of a particular year were to remain constant) obtained in the survey was 5.1 for
the three-year period preceding the survey. For urban women, the TFR was 4.0 and,
for rural women, who were a 46.1 percent of the sample, 6.4. The TFR in the 2010
DHS was actually slightly higher than that obtained in the 2004 survey, when it was
5.0 nationally, and 6.1 for rural women while that of urban women remained
unchanged. TFR decline came to an end in Cameroon from 1998 onwards as can
easily be seen in the figure below. In the survey, 49.3 percent of women with five
living children said they did not wish to have any additional children and 64.9 percent
of those with six or more children also said that they wished to cease childbearing. Of
those two groups, the percentage who declared themselves to be sterile or who were
sterilized was 5.1 percent and 5.9 percent, respectively.
In the survey, 23.4 percent of currently married women said that they were using
some form of family planning, with 14.4 percent using a modern method. Use of the
male condom accounted for more than half of modern use at 7.6 percent, followed by
3 percent using injectables, and 1.9 percent using the contraceptive pill. Reported
contraceptive use was similar to that in the 2004 DHS, which was 26 percent for all
methods and 12.5 percent for modern methods. (In the 2007 MICS, contraceptive use
was reported as 39.7 percent for all methods and 17.6 for modern methods. TFR data
were not collected.)

Read the rest of this entry »

Recession Not So NEET for Young Adults in U.S.
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December 9th, 2011   | Posted in Marriage/Family, Youth

by Mark Mather, associate vice president, Domestic Programs

In the U.K., they are called NEETS, people who are ―Not in Employment, Education,
or Training.‖ In Spain and Mexico, they have been called Generation Neither-Nor.
We have them in the United States too, and their numbers have increased since the
onset of the recession—especially among men. A new report by PRB shows that the
percent of young men ages 25 to 34 who are neither working nor attending school
increased sharply between 2007 and 2010, from 14 percent to 19 percent. During the
same period, the share of women who were not working and not in school remained
steady at 26 percent. Part of this gender difference can be explained by women’s
earlier age at marriage, compared with men.

Percent Distribution of Young Adults Ages 25-34 by School Enrollment and
Employment
Status, 2007 and 2010

                                                          Men (%)   Women (%)
School Enrollment, Employment Status                      2007 2010 2007  2010

In school, working                                        8    8     10      10
In school, not working                                    3    4     4       5
Not in school, working                                    75   69    61      58
Not in school, not working                                14   19    26      26

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey.
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