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NRA BASIC PISTOL Powered By Docstoc
ERML‟s Sportsman‟s Foundation
Firearms Safety and CCW Course
                Course Outline
• Our class is divided into two parts, classroom instruction
  and range qualification.
• The course is meant to be interactive, please ask
  questions when you have them, we expect the students
  to participate as much as the instructors.
• Ask questions, but no war stories.
• This is a concealed firearms course
   – Florida issues a concealed weapons and firearms
   – The instructors can discuss concealed weapons after
     this course or on the breaks
• Why are you here?
• What do you expect from us?
• What do you want to leave
  here with?
To pass this course, you must use what you have
  been taught in the classroom by demonstrating
   firearms safety and proficiency on the range

           Range Proficiency

   Proficiency is defined as the ability to place 80
     percent of all rounds fired in an 8x10 inch
     rectangle or 10 inch circle at the distance
                      of 7 yards.
      Why Carry A Concealed
• Police have no legal duty to protect any
  individual citizen from crime
• Criminals choose the time and place of
  their assaults
• Criminals choose their victims
• Victims have no rights
• Refuse to be a victim
• Your safety is in your hands
When was the last time you heard the news and it
 went something like this...

• "Tonight, police foiled an attempted rape as
  they saw a man stalking a woman back to her
  car at the mall parking lot. Police watched
  the man long enough to determine his
  intentions, then arrested him just before he
  pulled a knife on the woman as she placed
  her child in a car seat"?
            Should I Carry?
The first step in deciding to carry a concealed
  firearm is a personal assessment. You need to
  ask yourself an important question, and give
  yourself an honest answer...

• If I had to, could I use lethal force to
  defend myself, my family, or even
  others around me?
• If the answer is no you should
 not carry a concealed firearm.
    If the answer is yes…then you need to know
                your responsibilities

•   You are carrying a deadly firearm
•   Know the law
•   Safe handling
•   Training
•   Practice
Law and Firearms
• As a gun owner you have a responsibility to
  know and to obey the law regarding the proper
  carry, use, and storage of a firearm

• The best way to avoid legal problems
  associated with the use of a firearm is to not
  use the firearm.
    Lawful Use Without a License
You may possess a firearm:
• In your home
• At Your business
• In your vehicle
• At a shooting event/range
• While hunting
• While camping or fishing provided that State and
  Federal laws are complied with
• While transporting to and from a gun store
   Open Carry of Firearms

 You may not openly carry a firearm in
public unless lawfully engaged in hunting,
 fishing, camping, or target shooting at a
          Carrying a weapon in a
          vehicle without a CCW
• An unlicensed gun owner, over the age of 18,
  may legally carry a weapon in a motor vehicle, if
  the firearm is “securely encased” or “not readily
  accessible for immediate use.”
• Securely encased: glove box, gun case, closed
  container, snapped holster*
• Not readily accessible: not carried on the person
  or in such close proximity that it can be retrieved
  as if on your person.
    Exceptions to Vehicle Carry
         without a CCW
• Firearms may not be allowed in certain
  State and Federal Parks.
• Firearms cannot be brought onto school
  property or within 1000 feet of school
• Firearms or weapons cannot be brought
  onto Military Bases.
• Cannot carry loaded firearms over State
           Storage of Firearms
• You are responsible for misuse. If lost or stolen report
  to proper authorities.
• DO NOT ever leave your firearm unsecured where you
  have reason to believe that it may be accessible to a
• If a minor gets hold of an unsecured firearm and
  harms himself or others, you can be prosecuted for a
  third degree felony. Additionally, you may be sued in
  civil court.
• Secured means in (1) a locked box or container, (2) a
  location which a reasonable person would believe to
  be secure, (3) or secured with a trigger lock.
             Minors and Firearms
•    Minors under the age of 16 may use firearms, BB guns,
    electric weapons or gas operated weapons only under
    adult supervision.
•   Minors 16 or older may possess firearms, BB guns,
    electric weapons or gas operated weapons while
    engaged in hunting or target shooting without adult
•   Minors may not otherwise use or possess loaded
•   Parents who knowingly permit violations of these
    provisions may be criminally prosecuted.
•   Don‟t sell or transfer a firearm to a minor
           Carrying A Concealed
• It is a felony for anyone other than a law enforcement
  officer to carry a concealed firearm without a
  concealed weapon and firearms license
• You can apply for a license from the Department of
  Agriculture and Consumer Services.
• A concealed weapons and firearms license does not
  permit its holder to carry a weapon into governmental
  buildings, police stations or sheriff‟s offices,
  courthouses, prisons, jails, polling places, schools,
  universities, athletic events, bars, airports, places of
  public nuisance or any place where carrying weapons
  is prohibited by federal law.
• CCW license holders / Federal and State parks.
       Restrictions by Private
       Property Owners and
• A concealed carry permit does not
override the rights of private property
owners to restrict possession of firearms
on their property.
• A CCW holder employee may store his
firearm locked in his private vehicle while
on the premises of his employer.
    Benefits of a Concealed Carry Permit
•   Concealed carry in 34 States
•   School zones (but not on school property)
•   Apartments and condominiums- common areas
•   Employee storing firearm in vehicle at work
•   Loaded transport across state lines
•   Transport of handguns in Alabama
•   No waiting period for handgun purchase
Use of Deadly Force
• Try not to let pride, anger, embarrassment
  or similar emotions dictate your actions.
• A single shot from firearm can ruin more
  than one life and is capable of shattering
  more than one family.
• Do not introduce a gun into a fist fight and
  NEVER mix alcohol and firearms
Improper display of Firearms

The old adage of not pulling your firearm
 unless you intend to use it applies even
   today. Never draw or brandish your
firearm unless you believe that you have
    the legal and moral justification to
            immediately use it.
         Florida Law Regarding
      Firearms and Self- Defense
   “A person is justified in using force, except deadly force,
    against another when and to the extent that the person
    reasonably believes that such conduct is necessary to
    defend himself or herself or another against the other’s
    imminent use of unlawful force.”
However, a person is justified in deadly force when one has
   reason to believe,
   “that such force is necessary to prevent imminent death
   or great bodily harm to himself or herself or another or
   to prevent the imminent commission of a forcible
      Standing Your Ground
“A person who is not engaged in unlawful activity
and who is attacked in any other place where he or
she has a right to be has no duty to retreat and has
the right to stand his or her ground and meet force
with force, including deadly force if he or she
reasonably believes it is necessary to do so to
prevent death or great bodily harm to himself or
herself or another or to prevent the commission of a
forcible felony.” 776.013 (2)(d) Fla. Stat.
            Best Practice

Regardless of the current status of the law,
    you should always try to retreat or
    withdraw from a potentially deadly
  confrontation if possible to do so safely.
               NYPD Hit Ratios By Distance
 Gunfights, Other Shootings vs. Perpetrator, and Against

Distance    0-2   3-7    8-15   16-25    25   Unknown

Hit Ratio   38%   17%     9%     8%      4%      2%
           Self Defense in the Home
    “The law will presume the existence of a reasonable fear of
      imminent death or great bodily harm, where an intruder is
      attempting to forcibly enter another person’s dwelling or
      occupied vehicle, or where the intruder is attempting to
      forcibly remove an individual from a home or vehicle”
This presumption of reasonable fear of imminent death
    DOES NOT apply where the “intruder”:
•     was a lawful resident of the dwelling or owner of the vehicle;
•     was the child, grandchild or in the lawful custody of the lawful resident;
•     was a member of law enforcement attempting to perform his or her lawful
                 BE SMART
   If you have a problem with the police or a
  question as to whether an officer‟s actions are
  “lawful”, take it up in court. Do not resist the
  police on the street.

“A person is not justified in the use of force to resist an
  arrest by a LEO, or to resist a LEO who is engaged in
  the execution of a legal duty, if the LEO was acting in
  good faith and he or she is known, or reasonably
  appears, to be a LEO.” 776.051(1) Fla. Stat.
   Aggressors in confrontations
  can only claim self-defense if…

• The aggression is responded to with deadly

• The “aggressor” obviously and clearly tries to
  withdraw from the confrontation and the
  opponent continues to use force. ( Do not
  count on this exception if you are the initiator)
   What to do if you are forced to use
        your firearm in self-defense
• Call 911 and summon law enforcement and an
  ambulance and then SHUT UP
• Do not speak to a criminal investigator before
  consulting a lawyer specializing in criminal
• Don‟t tamper with the scene.
• By law you cannot be arrested or prosecuted for
  the lawful use of force, unless the investigating
  agency has probable cause to believe that the
  use of force was unlawful.
 What to do if you are forced to use
   your firearm in self-defense
• There are many qualified criminal lawyers in this area.
  Personally, if I needed representation for a firearm related
  incident, I would call either Andrew Marks (439-1818); Ron
  Johnson or Roy Kinsey at (434-5267).
• Understand that the legal fees for defending you in a firearm
  related event can easily exceed $25,000.00. Is that $500 car
  radio system worth it?
• If you are sued, contact your home insurance carrier, if they
  deny benefits to you, contact a civil lawyer who specializes in
  first party insurance claims
The laws regarding concealed weapon carry and
 the use of deadly force vary from state to state.
 The internet site: has
    information that you may find useful if you
   intend to travel to other states while armed.
Selecting a Handgun
     Carrying a Concealed Firearm
              is a lifestyle
•   Method of Concealment
•   Clothing
•   Holsters
•   Size of firearm
•   Weight of firearm
•   Choosing ammunition
        Concealed Carry, Which
           gun is the best?
• The best gun for someone who doesn't want
  one, or who won't practice with it, is -- NONE.
• If you are not willing to practice, please do not
  carry a concealed firearm.
• There is no one best caliber or gun. Oddly
  enough, we are all individuals. Asking what
  caliber of gun is best for a woman is exactly the
  same thing as asking what caliber or gun is best
  for a man. And the answer is, "It depends.“
    Which gun to buy? Cont‟d
• After you have made the decision to
  – How are you going to carry it?
  – Think it thru again!
  – Ask Advice
  – Borrow gun or try at Gun Shop
  – Borrow Holster
            Selecting a Handgun

• Beretta                  •   Kel-Tec
• Browning                 •   Kimber
• Caspian                  •   Les Baer
• Colt                     •   Para-Ordinance
• Daly                     •   Rossi
• Dan Wesson               •   Ruger
• Ed Brown                 •   Sig Sauer
• EAA (European American   •   Smith & Wesson
  Armory)                  •   Springfield Armory
• Glock                    •   Taurus
• Heckler & Koch (H&K)     •   Kahr
• High Standard
• Pros
  – Easy to load
  – Easy to shoot
  – Reliable/won‟t jam
• Cons
  – Harder to conceal
  – Holds less rounds
  – Slower to reload
Components of a Revolver

There are two basic types of revolvers:
Single action
    • Squeezing the trigger of a single action revolver does only one thing – it
         releases the hammer to strike the firing pin
    • Single action revolvers have to be cocked

Double action
   • Squeezing the trigger of a double action revolver does two things
        • It causes the cylinder to rotate, bringing a fresh cartridge in line with
                 the barrel while also cocking and releasing the hammer
        • Double action triggers are heavier to squeeze and have a longer travel
                 than a single action trigger
• Pros
  – Capacity
  – rapid reload
  – Slimmer profile
• Cons
  –   WILL Jam
  –   Some find it complicated or difficult to load
  –   Magazine Springs can weaken overtime
  –   Hard to determine if it is loaded
  –   Can only fire one round through pocket
Semi-Auto Pistol
Semi Autos
There are a number of different types of semi autos:
All semi autos fire one round with each trigger squeeze
Single action only
    • Much like the revolver – has to be cocked but cycling the slide cocks the
    • Examples: Colt 1911 and 1911 clones
Double action
   • Unless the hammer is manually cocked, the first round is double action
   • Subsequent rounds are single action
   • Example: Ruger P345
Double action only (DAO)
   • Will only fire in double action mode
   • Example: Kel Tec 380
Striker fired
     • Similar to the DAO but the trigger often has a safety built in
     • Examples: Glocks and Springfield XD
     Suggestions on Concealed
           Carry Guns

•   Comfort, size, weight, caliber
•   Method of carry, holster…purse…pocket
•   Lifestyle, what you wear, where you work
•   Car gun or Desk gun
             Choosing Caliber

•   Ammunition Basics
•   Bigger is better but is it practical?
•   Hand Strength
•   Weight vs Recoil
•   Size vs Caliber
•   Consider comfort
    Ammunition Knowledge and
  Fundamentals of Pistol Shooting
• The different components of a pistol
• The firing sequence of a cartridge.
• How to properly store ammunition.
• The major types of cartridge malfunctions.
• The fundamentals of pistol shooting.
 Four Components of a Pistol Cartridge

• Case – metal cylinder (usually brass)
  closed at one end and contains the other
  three components
• Primer – impact-sensitive chemical
  compound used for ignition
• Powder Charge – Fast burning chemical
  compound used as propellant
• Bullet - projectile
       Firing Sequence of a Cartridge

• Firing pin strikes and ignites the primer
• Flame generated by the primer ignites
  powder charge
• Powder burns very rapidly and produces
  high volume of gas
• Gas propels the bullet out of the barrel at
  high rate of speed
   Cartridge designation and identification

• Ensure you load the proper cartridge into
  the pistol
• Match the cartridge designation stamped
  on the pistol with the cartridge designation
  printed on the ammunition box and or
  bottom of a center-fire cartridge.
• Plus P – loaded to higher pressures
              Storing Ammunition

•   Cool Dry area
•   Keep in factory box
•   Wipe fingerprints off cartridges
•   Stored to prevent unauthorized access
•   Do not expose to water,solvents,
    petroleum products, bore cleaner,
    ammonia or other chemicals
Methods of Concealment
Can I Carry Concealed?
Side Draw holster
Cross Draw Holster
Middle of the Back Holster
Shoulder Holster
Wallet Holster
Fanny Pack Holster
Handbag Holsters
Day Runner Holster
T-Shirt Holster
Ankle Holster
Range Safety
             Safety Rules
• ALWAYS treat all firearms as if they are
• ALWAYS keep the gun pointed in a safe
  direction. Never point a gun at something
  that you are not willing to destroy.
• ALWAYS keep your finger off the trigger
  until ready to shoot.
• ALWAYS keep the gun unloaded until
  ready to use
                  Standard Range
• COLD RANGE–No handling of firearms. No ammunition
  in the firearms, except on the firing line and when the
  range is called “HOT”. NO EXCEPTIONS
• RANGE IS HOT – The Safety Officer on the far right will
  call “HOT RANGE”. The Safety Officer on the far left will
  confirm “HOT RANGE”.
• MUZZLE – During our training, your firearm must always
  be pointed down range. If you start to move in a
  direction other than down range, Safety Officer will call
  “MUZZLE” alerting you to point down range.
• FINGER – If a Safety Officer calls “FINGER” then you
  have inadvertently placed your finger on the trigger prior
  to acquiring your site on the target. At this time, remove
  your finger from the trigger until your target is acquired.
               Standard Range

• STOP – This command will be given by the Safety
  Officer if something has or is going wrong with the
  shooter. Freeze and do not move; let the Safety Officer
  assist you.
• You as the shooter can also call STOP if you are
  concerned about safety or even „just‟ uncomfortable
   – Safety is always our primary concern
      Firearm Safety at the Firing Line
• Firearm on platform: Muzzle pointed down range, the
  slide or cylinder is open when on the platform.
• When retrieving firearm, make sure finger is off the
  trigger and muzzle is pointed down range.
• While loading & making ready for the firing line, a semi-
  auto pistol muzzle MUST be pointed down range while
  inserting the magazine. This will keep you from
  sweeping other people on the line.
• A revolver muzzle MUST be pointed down range and
  towards the ground while loading.
• When finishing the string of fire: Remove the magazine
  or open the cylinder to show clear and place firearm
  back on platform facing down range.
       On the Firing Line you
• Hot Range
             will hear:
• Load – You may load your pistols
• Commence Firing
• If you are finished; UNLOAD AND SHOW
• FIREARM IS SAFE – Place the firearm on the
  platform with the muzzle pointing down range,
  then back away.
• Remember the rule – Never point a gun at
  something you are not willing to destroy.
           Cartridge Malfunctions

• Misfire – failure of cartridge to fire after
  primer has been struck
• Hangfire – a type of misfire where there is
  a delay in ignition of cartridge after primer
  has been struck
• Squib load – less than normal pressure or
  velocity after ignition of a cartridge
         Common mistakes
• Barrel not placed down range when arriving
  at the range
• When replacing a magazine barrel is
  pointed in unsafe direction.
• Looking down the barrel with a malfunction.
• Barrel sweeps
• Finger on the trigger
Major Causes For Accidents
– Ignorance
  • Not familiar with gun safety rules
  • Not familiar with proper operation of pistol
– Carelessness/complacency
  • Know the rules but do not apply
     Cleaning Your Firearm
• Make certain that the firearm is not loaded!
• Read and follow the manufacturer‟s written
  instructions for proper cleaning of your specific
• Clean thoroughly with manufacturer‟s
  recommended solvent.
• Oil sparingly – A little goes a long way.
       Gun Storage At Home
       Two types of storage
• Long-term offers a high degree of
  protection from theft and sometimes fire
  and moisture but at the expense of quick
• Temporary or quick access methods of
  storage allow quick access when
        Storage of Firearms
• Gun cases are commonly used for
  transportation and storage of firearms.
  Some have lockable features.
• Pistol Lockbox
• Gun safe
• Lockable drawer
• Lockable gun rack
Firing the First Shots
                    Dominant Eye
• Extend both hands forward of your body and place the hands
  together making a small triangle between your thumbs and the first
• With both eyes open, look through the triangle and center something
  such as a doorknob or the bullseye of a target in the triangle.
• Close your left eye. If the object remains in view, you are right eye
  dominant. If your hands appear to move off the object and move to
  the left, then you are left eye dominant.
• To validate the first test, look through the triangle and center the
  object again with both eyes open.
• Close your right eye. If the object remains in view, you are left eye
  dominant. If your hands appear to move off the object and move to
  the right, then you are right eye dominant.

–   Fit the “v” formed by the thumb and the index finger
    of the shooting hand (strong hand) as high as
    possible on the back strap portion of the frame.
–   Grip the pistol using the base of the thumb and the
    lower three fingers of the shooting hand. The
    pressure of the grip must be directed straight to the
–   The thumb should lie relaxed along the side of the
    frame at the level above that of the index finger.
–   With your support hand (weak hand) overlap the
    three fingers of your strong hand. Sixty percent of
    your grip should be from your weak hand.
              Breath Control

• Minimize body movement by holding
• Before each shot, take a breath, let out
  half squeeze trigger
• Don‟t hold to long
         Sight alignment

Sight alignment is the relationship of the
front and rear sites. The eye must be
lined up with the front and rear sights
and the site positioned so that the
alignment is correct. Proper sight
alignment of the two sights means that
the top of the front sight must also be
centered in the notch of the rear sight.
Sight Picture
                   Sight Pictures

Bull's-eye sight   Modified bull's-eye   Standard sight
     picture         sight picture           picture

        Remember to focus on the front sight
                    Trigger control

–   The trigger must be squeezed straight to the rear in a smooth
    continuous manner without disturbing the sight alignment.
    Once the trigger squeeze has begun, it should be applied
    smoothly and continuously – don‟t speed up or slow down the
    pressure, or apply in a stop – and – stop manner. Trigger
    squeeze and site alignment must be done simultaneously
    while maintaining a minimum of movement. Jerking or pulling
    on the trigger usually produces shots low and to the left.
–   Taking up the trigger slack – This action is taking up the trigger
    slack prior to firing. This eliminates any unnecessary
    movement and makes for a quicker shot.
–   The idea of follow-thru is to prevent any unnecessary
    movement before the bullet leaves the barrel
•   Athletic Stance: Knees slightly bent, feet
    spread apart approximately shoulder
    width apart. Good example: same
    stance as playing basket or baseball in
    the ready position.
      • Weaver position
      • Isosceles
Fundamentals of Pistol

  Weaver Stance
Fundamentals of Pistol

 Isosceles Stance
              Class practice
•   Grip
•   Stance
•   Sight alignment
•   Breath control

Did you keep your finger off of the trigger?
Come Shoot With Us
Gun Goddesses
Black Powder Cartridge Rifles
International Defensive Pistol
      Association (IDPA)
Cowboy Action Shooting/SASS
Military Shoot
You can also practice at home
This method is called dry firing and is a great and inexpensive way to
practice grip, stance, breath control, sight alignment, trigger control, and
follow through

Check the Owners Manual to ensure it is okay to dry fire your firearm

Step 3 – Remember the four basic safety rules
   Treat every firearm as if it is loaded
   Do not point the firearm at anything you are not willing to destroy
Step 4 – Practice your grip, stance, breath control, sight alignment,
         trigger control and follow through
• Lunch on your own
• Firearms proficiency at the ERML Range
• Do not bring any guns or ammunition to
  the firing line
• Shooters will fire approximately 50 to 75
  rounds of ammunition during qualification
• Receive certificates

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