# Linear Programming by yurtgc548

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```									        Project Management
What is Project Management?
Tracking project timing and cost.
Managing project resources (people, materials, budget).

Why do Project Management?

To monitor if your project is staying on time and
is within budget.
To ensure project goals are met.
Project Management
What questions might project managers be interested in?

• How long will the project take?
• Can I add manpower or tools to reduce the overall project
length?
• What tasks are on the critical path?
• Is the project on schedule?
• When should materials and personnel be in place to begin a
• Am I within budget?
• Should I transfer funds between line items?
• Other?…
Project Management - Examples
•   University Convocation Center
•   Windsor Engine Plant
•   Other major construction projects
•   Large defense contracts
•   NASA projects (space shuttle)
•   Maintenance planning of oil refineries, power plants, etc…
•   Senior Design projects
•   other…
Project Management - Timing
Timing
A project consists of a series of tasks with estimated durations.

Consider building a house:
Step A: Prepare site. (5 days)
Step B: Build foundation. (8 days)
Step C: Frame walls and roof. (15 days)
Step D: Rough in Plumbing (12 days)
Step E: Rough in Electrical (10 days)
Step F: HVAC Venting (8 days)
Step G: Drywall (11 days)
Step H: Finish Electrical (5 days)
Step I: Finish Plumbing (4 days) Step M: Paint (5 days)
Step J: Finish HVAC (2 days)       Step N: Landscape (5 days)
Step K: Install Kitchen (8 days)
Step L: Install Baths (14 days)
Project Management - Timing
Timing – Gantt Chart
Project Management - Timing
Timing – Network Diagram
Tasks must sometimes be performed in series, or may at times
be performed in parallel.

For the house example, let each arc represent a project task/job.

D,12          H,5     7         J,2        M,5
K,8
A,5       B,8       C,15                  G,11       0
E,10                                             11
1         2         3          4          5          6       9           10
0
L,14         N,5
F,8           I,4     8
Each arc is identified by a job letter and duration. Note the
dummy jobs indicating precedence that jobs H and I must
complete before K or L begins.
Project Management - Timing
Timing – Gantt Chart
Project Management - Timing
Critical Path
D,12          H,5     7         J,2        M,5
K,8
A,5       B,8       C,15                  G,11       0
E,10                                             11
1         2         3          4          5          6       9           10
0
L,14         N,5
F,8           I,4     8

Why is knowing the critical important?
Project Management - Cost
Costs

factor, 20-50%?), also called itemizing.

Formally transfer/track transfer of budget
between line items.

Stay within budget!!
Project Management - Resources
Resources

How do resources effect project management?

• Remove workers if a task is not on critical
path.
• Ensure tools and supplies are available at
• Other?
Project Management - Tools
Software
Most Popular (Listed by Yahoo.com)
Blue Angel Technologies, Inc. - provider of metadata management tools.
Niku Corporation (Nasdaq:NIKU) - develops enterprise application software that cuts costs and
increases productivity by automating the work of internal service organizations.
eRoom Technology, Inc. - makers of a browser-based product used to manage projects,
collaborate on documents, share information, and hold discussions. Formerly Instinctive Technology.
Mindjet - developers of software to help business people organize information into visual maps
which display relationships among diverse information.
eProject - specializes in web-based project management and team collaboration software that
includes integration with WAP and palm-held devices. Available on-site or as a hosted service.
Primavera Systems, Inc - Software tools for managing both small and large projects.
Elite.com - offers web-based project management and time and billing software.
Welcom Software Technology - provides project management, collaboration, and cost management
solutions.
Scitor Corporation Business Solutions Group - provides project and process management software
solutions and services.
FreeTaskManager.com - offers free web-based bug tracking and project management software
designed for business managers and developers.

116 additional sites listed in alphabetical order (did not include
MicroSoft Project)
Project Management - Tools
Manual Method

Can you manage projects manually?

Absolutely, who managed the building of the
Egyptian pyramids and what software did they
use?

I have used Excel to “manually” track projects.
Applying Project Management
Initial Setup
• Estimate task cost and timing
• Identify critical path
costs

Continuous Monitoring
• Update if timing has changed
• Identify if still on time
• Identify if critical path has shifted
• Modify costs as “real” costs are realized
Applying Project Management
Personal Experience – Windsor Engine Plant
Products – 4.6L, 5.4L, 6.8L Ford Truck Engines
Location – Windsor, Ont.
Budget - \$1.2 billion
Timing – Plant Engineering (Summer 1993)
Job 1 (March 1996)
Volume – 3000+ Engines / day
Launch Staff – approx. 150 personnel

Project Management – 1 person dedicated to timing,
Primavera software, Gantt charts hung around “war
room”, cost management by individual team
managers (with “help” from Finance dept.).
Applying Project Management
Personal Experience – Windsor Engine Plant
(cont.)
My Responsibilities – team manager of information
systems and communications (PCs, networks, phones,
pagers, radios, computer room, PFIS, etc…)

Timing Tracking Method – Used Excel (problem
deck), White Board (primary projects), and note pad
(to do list).
Problem Deck – Some projects tracked closely some
loosely dependent on who was lead analyst.
Primary project status – updated weekly.
To do list – updated daily.
Applying Project Management
Personal Experience – Windsor Engine Plant
(cont.)

Cost Tracking Method - \$8million budget, itemized
by primary projects (e.g. PCs, Networks, Radios,
Computer Room, etc…).
Used Excel and reports from Finance office to track
line items, monitored on a weekly or bi-monthly basis

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