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					       Local Children’s Partnership Briefing

Key priority 5: increasing the number of care leavers in education,
employment or training

Who is a care leaver?

      Young people in care or leaving care post-16
      Four categories of care leaver:
          o Eligible - aged between 16 and 17 who are still in care; or who were in
              care for at least 13 weeks between their 14th birthday and their 16th
              birthday (unless this was planned respite care)
          o Relevant - aged 16 or 17 who have left care but were previously eligible.
              This also includes young people who returned home, but subsequently
              returned to the Local Authority for help before their 18th birthday; and
              those who are detained in the criminal justice system or in hospital
          o Former Relevant - aged 18 to 21 who have been a relevant child or were
              in care until the age of 18 (eligible). Young people who at the age of 21
              are still getting help with education or training remain ‘former relevant’
              until the end of their education or training programme
          o Qualifying - aged 16 to 21 (or 24 if in education/training) who were in care
              until the age of 16
      The Local Authority has a range of statutory duties and responsibilities to
       support these young people

Impact on outcomes

Young people who have spent time in care tend to have poorer outcomes than their
peers. They are more likely to have poor educational performance, contact with the
criminal justice system, poorer health, and be vulnerable to homelessness and
unemployment. It is therefore very important that they are supported to deal with the
transition to adulthood.

Key Local Authority duties

      Allocated Key Worker
      Keeping in touch
      Financial responsibility
      Pathway planning
      Assistance with education/training
      Financial support at University, including statutory bursary


National Indicator – the percentage of former care leavers aged 19 who were in care
under any legal status on 1 April in their 17th year, who are in education, employment or

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      Data is collected within three months before, or one month after, their 19th
      In education, employment or training means that they are engaged either full (at
       least 16 hours per week) or part time (less than 16 hours per week) in one of the
          o   Higher education: all studies at a higher academic level than A-level
          o   Education other than higher: all other education not covered by ‘higher
          o   Training or employment: includes Government supported training,
              National Traineeships, paid employment, self-employment and voluntary

Related indicator: 147 – the proportion of care leavers in suitable accommodation

Increasing the percentage of care leavers in education employment or training –
Hampshire County Council activities

      Implementation of the Future Jobs Scheme: Hampshire, Isle of Wight,
       Portsmouth and Southampton awarded £5m to offer six month long ‘work
       tasters’ to unemployed young people – care leavers can be fast tracked after six
       months unemployment.
      Pilot scheme offering 30 apprentice places within Hampshire County Council –
       one place is ring fenced for a care leaver.
      Working with ‘Catch 22’ to provide programmes helping young people prepare
       for entry to employment (E2E) courses.
      Connexions personal advisers targeting care leavers who are not in education,
       employment or training; and being involved in care planning once a child in care
       reaches 13 years old.

How Local Children’s Partnerships can contribute to improvement

      Improving attainment of children in care at school (see separate briefing sheet
       on priority 3: improved attainment of vulnerable groups);
      Actively supporting corporate parenting – sharing high aspirations for care
      Sharing local knowledge (see separate briefing sheet on priority 4: increased
       numbers of young people in education, employment or training);
      Offering work tasters, apprenticeships or opportunities for volunteering;
      Working in partnership to engage the local business community to offer work
       tasters or apprenticeships;
      Improving access to housing for care leavers (housing is the foundation for
       employment, education or training);
      Providing named contacts for care leavers in colleges to enhance the quality of
      Improving access to flexible and individualised learning/foundation learning (see
       separate briefing sheet on priority 4: increased numbers of young people in
       education, employment or training).

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Good practice/case studies

Key themes/activities in an authority awarded a ‘green flag’ in their
Comprehensive Area Assessment for supporting children in care and care
leavers into Further and Higher Education (Ealing Council)

      Imaginative ways of supporting and engaging with children in care and care
       leavers are used, including peer mentors
      There is a focus on improving school attendance; making learning enjoyable;
       and celebrating achievement – including establishing effective Personal
       Education Plans for children in care
      The authority recognises the importance of financial support, stable
       accommodation and good health to achieving positive outcomes for children in
       care and care leavers, particularly as they move to independence
      The views of young people on the support they want and need are used to
       inform the services on offer
      Care leavers are trained in practical skills including budgeting, managing a bank
       account, paying bills and being a good neighbour.

Further information

Realising young potential: supporting care leavers into education, employment and
training (Cabinet Office Social Exclusion Task Force, 2009)

Key contacts

Care leavers: Sharon North, Commissioning Officer, 01962 846257,
Education of children in care: Derek Myers, Senior Inspector (Inclusion), 01252 814751,
Connexions service: Pete Marsh, Service Manager – Integrated Youth, 01962 846805,

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