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					                                The Woman Warrior: Ch. 1 and 2
I. Introduction of Maxine Hong Kingston
 A. Brief Biography Information
       Kingston was born in Stockton, CA to first generation Chinese immigrants. He owned a gambling
house and was a laundry worker and her mother practiced medicine. Kingston was drawn to writing when she
was young and won a five dollar prize from ―Girl Scout Magazine‖ for an essay titled ―I Am An American‖.
Graduated from Berkley. Married actor Earl Kingston and taught high school English. Had one son. She wrote
―The Woman Warrior‖ (1976) which won the National Book Critics Circle Award and her next book China
Men (1980) won the National Book Award. Wrote one novel Tripmaster Monkey a poetry book, To Be The
Poet and The Fifth Book of Peace.

        Kingston was arrested on International Women's Day (March 8) of 2003. Participating in an anti-war
protest in Washington, D.C. coordinated by women-initiated organization Code Pink, Kingston refused to leave
the street after being instructed to do so by local police forces. She shared a jail cell with author Alice Walker;
renowned writer Terry Tempest Williams was also a participant in the demonstration. Kingston's anti-war
stance has significantly trickled into her work; she has stated that writing The Fifth Book of Peace was initiated
and inspired by growing up during World War II.

  B. Why Her Writing is Important

       Kingston is very well respected and known for her address of racial and gender
stereotypes and her analysis for search for identity for Chinese Americans. Her writing is rich
in imagery. She is a voice for feminism and minority women. Criticism from Frank Chin who
claims she has tainted Chinese tradition by reinterpreting stories and myths, adapting those
myths to confirm white racist stereotypes and invented a fake Chinese-American culture.

  C. Youtube Clip on the 30th anniversary of "The Woman Warrior"

       *Type in Maxine Hong Kingston and UCTV. She talks about how writing was
       something she always did. Significant because ―The Woman Warrior‖ is ultimately
       about how she becomes a warrior using her words.

II. Chapters 1 & 2 of "The Woman Warrior"

  A. Reading Quiz

      1. Why does Kingston's mother tell her the story of "No Name Woman"?

      2. What is carved on Fu Mu Lan's back and who carves it?
III. Chapter 1: No Name Woman

   A. Ask someone to give a brief summary

    B. Discuss narrative style –ask class for their thoughts
       1. She re-tells the story her mother told in her mother’s voice, then her voice takes the
narrative and she interjects her own scenarios and summary.

   C. Introduce two themes shown in the first chapter-class discussion based on their
homework assignment. Then I will point out what I found if it wasn’t brought up.

      1. Women In Chinese Society

          Village attacking the pregnant aunt
          Pg. 5 ―Don’t let…‖
          Pg. 6 ―Women in the old China‖
          Oppression reinforced by other women: her mother telling her to keep it quiet (pg.
           3), telling her not to humiliate them (5)
          Pg. 10 ―Women looked like great sea snails…‖
          Pg. 15 ―It was probably a girl…‖
               o In ch. 2-pg. 46-53

      2. Cultural Identity

          ―Chinese-Feminine‖ (pg. 11 ―The immigrants…) vs. ―American-Feminine‖ (pg.
           11)
          ―American-Pretty‖ (pg. 12)

   D. Introduce "Ghosts" Motif

          Have students pair up and read through pages 14-16, point how motif is expressed.
             o pg. 14 villagers say ―Ghost! Dead ghost!...‖
             o pg. 15 baby is born called a ―little ghost‖
             o pg. 16-imanging her aunt’s ghost ―The real punishment…‖
                     This passage explains Chinese belief on afterlife and ancestral ghosts

   E. Symbols & Their Significance Discuss what students found from homework assignment
and bring in my own as needed.

      1. Circles/Roundness-the idea of Chinese culture and the "power of one" (12-13)

          Student read “The frightened villagers…”(12)
          Student read the passage “The round-moon cakes…”(13)
           *comes up again in pg. 23

       2. Bound Feet-how it ties into theme of women (9)

           Student read “It especially hurt…”
           *comes up again on pg. 48

IV. Chapter 2: White Tigers

   A. Legend of Fa Mu Lan-a "talk-story" (have student read opening of ch. 2) from her
mother. Ask student what the narrative style is here. Narrative begins with Kingston
explaining talk stories then launches into legend told in first person then finishes in first person
with her own experience.

    B. Symbols and Their Significance *class discussion based on their homework
assignment, bring up mine as needed.

      1. Bird (20, 49)

       2. Fa Mu Lan's tattoo in her back

      3. Mountains/Nature (21 ―The rock grew…‖, pg. 23)

   C. Kingston's American Life

       1. Fa Mu Lan as a Foil to Kingston

           A foil is a character that provides a contrast to another character (usually the
            protagonist) to throw them into greater focus.
           Have students write for a few minutes and make a list of items comparing and
            contrasting Fa Mu Lan’s life and Kingston’s American life. Discuss as a class-
               o Fa Mu Lan is in total control of self, at one with nature, knows where she
                   belongs (pg. 23-27)
                        Kingston is plagued by gender stereotypes (46) and struggles to find
                          where she belongs (45-47)
               o Fa Mu Lan has infinite wisdom (pg. 29 ―make my mind large…‖) and
                   boundless strength and endurance (pg. 29 ―I worked every day)
                        Kingston is not honored for being smart (47)
               o Fa Mu Lan has love & devotion (pg. 31 ―I would have a new husband…)
                        Kingston never feels good enough because she wasn’t a boy (47).
                          Girls have the ―outward‖ tendency (47)
               o Fa Mu Lan has a sword that appears out of the air and controls it with her
                   mind (pg. 33)
                 Kingston sword is her words (53)
        o Fa Mu Lan bears the burden of her family’s past (34-35) and must remember
            them and ultimately save them.
                 Kingston bears the burden of her people’s stories—emphasizes the
                    ―silence‖.
                 Pages 52-53
        o Fa Mu Lan leads an army. Has respect and devotion of her all-male army
            (37)
                 Kingston’s exposure to fights and killing are ―slum grubby‖ (51)
        o Fa Mu Lan is beautiful (39)
                 Kingston struggles with ―Chinese Feminine/American Feminine
                    (11).‖
        o Fa Mu Lan has a child (40) and defies all traditional roles of women as she
            is both a warrior and a mother.
                 Kingston does not embrace traditional roles either (47) and vows
                    never to be married (47).
        o Fa Mu Lan is the female avenger and defeats the baron who had hurt so
            many of her people.
                 Kingston doesn’t feel ―loved enough to be supported‖ (48)
                 Kingston silently stands up to the racist boss (49)
                 Kingston avenges with words, talks about if she had to avenge her
                    family (49)
2. Warrior Motif
    Using the foil with the warrior helps create the motif as Kingston struggles to
     reconcile the roles of women she knows from legend and what she is taught and
     sees in real life.
    Bring up similarities of Fa Mu Lan's tattoo of words carved in her back with
     Kingston having to carry all these stories with her throughout her life. Have
     students read passage on pg. 34-35
    How does the Warrior Motif connect with the themes?
        o See page 45 ―I got straight A’s, Mama. Let me tell you a true story…‖
        o Pg. 46 ―Feeding girls is like feeding cowbirds.‖
        o Pg. 52-53-treatment of women, struggle for identity

3. How is Kingston a "warrior" and how does this relate to her struggle for identity?

    See pg. 45-46 ―I couldn’t figure out what my village was.‖
    Pg. 46 ―I’m not a bad girl…‖
    Pg. 53 have student read final passage.
                                    Maxine Hong Kingston




                                   “Woman Warrior”: Chapters 1 & 2
I. Introduction of Maxine Hong Kingston

 A. Biography Information

 B. Why Her Writing is Important

             Addresses gender and racial stereotypes and the search for identity (emphasis on the Chinese-
              American experience).
             A voice for women, especially minority women.

II. Chapter 1: No Name Woman

   A. Summary of text

   B. What narrative style does Kingston use?

   C. Theme Introduction

      1. Women in Chinese Society (4-5, 6, 9, 10)

      2. Cultural Identity (5 "Chinese Americans", 11 "American-Feminine" vs. "Chinese-Feminine", 12)

   D. "Ghosts" Motif (pg. 14-16)

   E. Symbols and Their Significance

      1. Circles/Roundness (13)

      2. Bound Feet (9)

III. Chapter 2: White Tigers

   A. Legend of Fa Mu Lan-a "talk-story…what is the narrative used?

   B. Symbols and Their Significance

       1. Bird (20, 49)

      2. Fa Mu Lan's tattoo in her back
   3. Mountains/Nature (21 ―The rock grew…‖, pg. 23)

C. Kingston's American Life

  1. Discuss Fa Mu Lan as a Foil to Kingston

   2. Warrior Motif

         Using the foil with the warrior helps create the motif as Kingston struggles to reconcile the roles
          of women she has been taught from legend and from real life experience.

         What are the similarities of Fa Mu Lan's tattoo of words carved in her back and Kingston having
          to carry all these stories with her throughout her life?



         How does the Warrior Motif tie into the themes we have discussed?

         How is Kingston a "warrior" and how does this relate to her struggle for identity?
For Thursday, February 18th : ―The Woman Warrior‖, Chapters 1 & 2

   1) We will be discussing the themes of ―Treatment & Oppression of Women‖ and ―Search
      for Identity.‖ Please find examples from the text that contribute to these themes.
   2) Search Chapters 1 and 2 for symbols and be prepared to discuss what those symbols
      mean.



For Thursday, February 18th : ―The Woman Warrior‖, Chapters 1 & 2

   1) We will be discussing the themes of ―Treatment & Oppression of Women‖ and ―Search
      for Identity.‖ Please find examples from the text that contribute to these themes.
   2) Search Chapters 1 and 2 for symbols and be prepared to discuss what those symbols
      mean.



For Thursday, February 18th : ―The Woman Warrior‖, Chapters 1 & 2

   1) We will be discussing the themes of ―Treatment & Oppression of Women‖ and ―Search
      for Identity.‖ Please find examples from the text that contribute to these themes.
   2) Search Chapters 1 and 2 for symbols and be prepared to discuss what those symbols
      mean.



For Thursday, February 18th : ―The Woman Warrior‖, Chapters 1 & 2

   1) We will be discussing the themes of ―Treatment & Oppression of Women‖ and ―Search
      for Identity.‖ Please find examples from the text that contribute to these themes.
   2) Search Chapters 1 and 2 for symbols and be prepared to discuss what those symbols
      mean.


For Thursday, February 18th : ―The Woman Warrior‖, Chapters 1 & 2

   1) We will be discussing the themes of ―Treatment & Oppression of Women‖ and ―Search
      for Identity.‖ Please find examples from the text that contribute to these themes.
   2) Search Chapters 1 and 2 for symbols and be prepared to discuss what those symbols
      mean.

				
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