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War in Korea and Vietnam (PowerPoint)

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					5.5.10

AGENDA
QUIZ
1.   Give one reason why people were attracted to
     communism in Nicaragua and Cuba.
2.   What was the point of sending UN troops to Korea?
3.   Who was Fidel Castro?
4.   T or F – The Vietnam war was originally a fight
     between imperialists and nationalists.
5.   T or F – In the late 1980s the US and Soviet Union
     agreed to reduce their supply of nuclear weapons.
6.   Who was Mao Zedong?
QUIZ

1.   What was the main goal of China’s Great Leap
     Forward.
2.   Why did communist governments discourage
     organized religion?
3.   What is Perestroika?
4.   What happened at Tiananmen Square?
5.   In what country were economic reforms more
     successful than political reforms?
QUIZ
1.   T or F – Nations base foreign policy decisions based
     on their own self-interest.
2.   Since India’s independence, the government has had
     the greatest success in what?
3.   Why is the caste system still practiced in India?
4.   An Islamic fundamentalist believes in what?
5.   Give an example of an ethnic conflict in Africa.
6.   What did Europeans do that led to ethnic conflicts in
     Africa?
 To find an awesome copy of questions to review
  for the exam, do this:
Go to:
http://regentsprep.org/Regents/core/questions/
  topics.cfm?Course=GLOB
 I am not going to say it again.
 When it’s quiet I’ll tell you the secret

 You still need to shut your mouths

 Antoine, you are soooooooooooooooooo
  annoying 
WAR IN VIETNAM
 Vietnam was once a French colony
 Ho Chi Minh = Vietnamese nationalist
 Nationalists join w/ Vietnamese communists to
  get the French out → French surrender to Ho in
  1954
 USA freaks out. President Eisenhower
  proposes a “domino theory” – thinks if one
  Southeast Asian nation becomes communist, it
  will spread to others.
 Vietnam divided into north and south at the 17th
  degree parallel
 N = communist led by Ho Chi Minh
 S = US and French anti-communist gov’t led by
  Ngo Dinh Diem
 Diem is a bad guy. Vietcong forms – communist
  guerillas who want Diem gone
 1963: coup by US-backed S. Vietnamese general
  to get rid of Diem. Overthrew and assassinated
  Diem → new leader still sucked
THE US GETS INVOLVED

 US supported S. Vietnam w/ advisors and
  weapons prior to 1964
 1964, US president Lyndon Johnson told
  Congress that 2 US destroyer boats were sunk
  by N. Vietnamese in the Gulf of Tonkin
 Congress authorizes US troops to go to
  Vietnam. By 1965, more than 185,000 US
  troops in Vietnam
 US president Nixon knows Vietnam War =
  unpopular in the US. Decides to withdraw:
  Vietnamization (the gradual withdrawal of US
  forces while S. Vietnamese strengthen their
  combat role)
 Nixon also authorized massive bombing raids
  on N. Vietnam, and neighboring Laos and
  Cambodia to wipe out Vietcong hiding places
 Last US forces out by 1973, and the N.
  Vietnamese overran S. Vietnam 2 yrs later
 1.5 million Vietnamese and 58,000 Americans
  had been killed during the war
ONGOING TURMOIL IN CAMBODIA
 Cambodia = unstable and wrecked by US
  bombing
 1975, communist rebels known as Khmer
  Rouge set up a brutal gov’t under the
  leadership of Pol Pot
 Under Khmer Rouge, 2 million Cambodians
  were killed in an effort to make Cambodia
  “rural”. Almost ¼ of Cambodian population
  was killed.
The city people were considered like a           Pol Pot – Leader of Khmer
disease that needed to be contained so that       Rouge
it would not infect areas run by the Khmer
Rouge. He also ordered a series of general
purges. Former government officials, along
with anyone with an education, were singled
out in the purges

				
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