1. Give one reason why people were attracted to
communism in Nicaragua and Cuba.
2. What was the point of sending UN troops to Korea?
3. Who was Fidel Castro?
4. T or F – The Vietnam war was originally a fight
between imperialists and nationalists.
5. T or F – In the late 1980s the US and Soviet Union
agreed to reduce their supply of nuclear weapons.
6. Who was Mao Zedong?
1. What was the main goal of China’s Great Leap
2. Why did communist governments discourage
3. What is Perestroika?
4. What happened at Tiananmen Square?
5. In what country were economic reforms more
successful than political reforms?
1. T or F – Nations base foreign policy decisions based
on their own self-interest.
2. Since India’s independence, the government has had
the greatest success in what?
3. Why is the caste system still practiced in India?
4. An Islamic fundamentalist believes in what?
5. Give an example of an ethnic conflict in Africa.
6. What did Europeans do that led to ethnic conflicts in
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WAR IN VIETNAM
Vietnam was once a French colony
Ho Chi Minh = Vietnamese nationalist
Nationalists join w/ Vietnamese communists to
get the French out → French surrender to Ho in
USA freaks out. President Eisenhower
proposes a “domino theory” – thinks if one
Southeast Asian nation becomes communist, it
will spread to others.
Vietnam divided into north and south at the 17th
N = communist led by Ho Chi Minh
S = US and French anti-communist gov’t led by
Ngo Dinh Diem
Diem is a bad guy. Vietcong forms – communist
guerillas who want Diem gone
1963: coup by US-backed S. Vietnamese general
to get rid of Diem. Overthrew and assassinated
Diem → new leader still sucked
THE US GETS INVOLVED
US supported S. Vietnam w/ advisors and
weapons prior to 1964
1964, US president Lyndon Johnson told
Congress that 2 US destroyer boats were sunk
by N. Vietnamese in the Gulf of Tonkin
Congress authorizes US troops to go to
Vietnam. By 1965, more than 185,000 US
troops in Vietnam
US president Nixon knows Vietnam War =
unpopular in the US. Decides to withdraw:
Vietnamization (the gradual withdrawal of US
forces while S. Vietnamese strengthen their
Nixon also authorized massive bombing raids
on N. Vietnam, and neighboring Laos and
Cambodia to wipe out Vietcong hiding places
Last US forces out by 1973, and the N.
Vietnamese overran S. Vietnam 2 yrs later
1.5 million Vietnamese and 58,000 Americans
had been killed during the war
ONGOING TURMOIL IN CAMBODIA
Cambodia = unstable and wrecked by US
1975, communist rebels known as Khmer
Rouge set up a brutal gov’t under the
leadership of Pol Pot
Under Khmer Rouge, 2 million Cambodians
were killed in an effort to make Cambodia
“rural”. Almost ¼ of Cambodian population
The city people were considered like a Pol Pot – Leader of Khmer
disease that needed to be contained so that Rouge
it would not infect areas run by the Khmer
Rouge. He also ordered a series of general
purges. Former government officials, along
with anyone with an education, were singled
out in the purges