Sentence Completion by huanghengdong

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									Sentence Completion
     Questions
• Each of the two 25 minute Critical Reading
  sections of the SAT begins with a group of
  sentence completion questions.

• There are always 7 or 8 per section,
  arranged in order of difficulty.

• You should be able to take a good guess
  on all of these – even when you don’t
  know the definitions of some of the words.
 What you will not see on the SAT
Jane ___________ the VCR.
  a)   installed
  b)   dropped
  c)   programmed
  d)   stole
               Why not?
• Because of the way this sentence is
  written, all of the answer choices would be
  correct.
 Only one answer choice is correct
To make sure that only one answer choice is
  correct per question, ETS always provides you
  with a clue within the sentence

While trying to lift the DVD player, Jane _____ it.
a) installed
b) dropped
c) programmed
d) stole
After breaking into the house through the window,
    Jane ______ the DVD player.

a)   installed
b)   dropped
c)   programmed
d)   stole

The real sentence completion questions are
   more difficult, but the same principle
   always applies.
Look for the clue that must be there, in order
   to have one answer that’s better than the
   others.
   Strategies – Fill in the blank
1. Read the sentence to yourself and say
  “blank” for the blank.

2. Then re-read it and try to fill in the blank
  with the word that is missing (before you
  look at the answer choices).
Example:
   So _________ was the young boy’s
   behavior that this teachers decided to
   give him a gold star.

- What is the clue?
- Based on the clue, what word could fill in
   the blank?
3. Look at the answer choices to see which
    one comes closest to the word you think
    should go in the blank.
4. Eliminate any that are definitely wrong.
Example: So _________ was the young
   boy’s behavior that this teachers decided
   to give him a gold star.
a) exemplary
b) unruly
c) arrogant
d) radical
e) imaginative
5. You should narrow it down to two choices:
  exemplary and imaginative.

If you don’t know the word “exemplary”, then
   focus your attention on “imaginative.”

Do teachers reward imaginative behavior?
 Most teachers show appreciation for
 imagination, but not imaginative behavior.

So, it must be a) exemplary = ideal, worthy
 of imitation
    Strategies - Trigger Words
Look for trigger words. Underline them.

   Trigger words that show contradiction:

  but, although, despite, rather, yet, however,
   even though, though, on the contrary, in
contrast, in spite of, because, therefore, hence,
as a result of, nevertheless, if…then, so…that,
     due to, besides, so that, accordingly
              Trigger words
Certain words reveal a lot about the structure
 of the sentence. They can help you figure
 out the meaning of the word in the blank.

Example: You’re beautiful, but _________.

What kind of word would go in the blank?
Example: You’re beautiful, but _________.

This trigger word tells you that what is being
 expressed in the first part of the sentence
 is going to be contradicted in the second
 part.
There are also words that trigger the second
 part will be the same as the first.
Example: You’re beautiful and __________.

Trigger words that show a continuation or an
  amplification of the direction of the
  sentence:
And                        in fact
Not only                   but also
Because                    indeed, even
   Strategies – Positive or Negative
If you’re having trouble with the meaning of the
   sentence or the individual words in the
   answer choices, decide whether it is positive
   or negative.
Example: The team had looked forward to the
 semi-final match with great _______, but the
 event proved to be a ____________.
The team had looked forward to the semi-
 final match with great enthusiasm, but the
 event proved to be a debacle.
       Positive or Negative?
• Example: Despite the _____________ of
  the men and women in the rescue team,
  their effort was ___________.
• Despite the courage of the men and
  women in the rescue team, their effort was
  useless.
Just as important, when you look at the
   answer choices, you may not know the
   meaning of every word, but you may
   have a “feeling” about certain words.

a)   Censured
b)   Praised
c)   Rebuked
d)   Rebutted
e)   Undermined
•    Example: When Shayla Douglas was
     ___________ by the railroad company in
     1903, it represented a personal victory
     for her.
a)   Censured
b)   Praised
c)   Rebuked
d)   Rebutted
e)   Undermined
  PR Sentence Completion #1
1) By means of her __________ demeanor,
     Lucy Ortiz calmly worked her way up to
     the position of head salesperson at the
     chaotic brokerage house.
a. cunning
b. serene
c. frenzied
d. gullible
e. unstable
2) Large facial features have often been the
    mark of successful people; many of our
    recent presidents have had ________
    noses.
a. insignificant
b. typical
c. unusual
d. prominent
e. subtle
3) Sightings of the tern, a small marsh bird
    once considered endangered, are
    becoming almost ___________.
a. commonplace
b. erratic
c. precarious
d. virtuous
e. uniform
4) Glaucoma, a serious eye ailment that can
    lead to blindness, is almost always
    ________ if it is caught in its early
    stages.
a. fatal
b. congenital
c. unethical
d. verifiable
e. treatable
5) The consummate opera singer Kathleen
    Battle has long had the reputation for
    being a difficult, even ___________,
    personality.
a. entertaining
b. malleable
c. contentious
d. deliberate
e. bland
     Strategies – Two Blanks
About ½ of the sentence completion
 questions have two blanks instead of one.

Focus on one blank at a time.

Example: Although the food at the
 restaurant was usually __________, the
 main course was ____________ by an
 overabundance of salt.
1. Cover the answer choices and read the
   entire sentence
2. Decide which blank you think would be
    easier to fill in with your own word
3. If you decide to solve for the second
    blank, then ignore the first word in each
    answer choice.
4. Cross out any answer choices that don’t
    work.
Example: Although the food at the
  restaurant was usually __________,
  the main course was ____________
  by an overabundance of salt.
a)   bland…enhanced
b)   indifferent…supplanted
c)   delectable…marred
d)   distinguished…elevated
e)   diverse…superb
Example: Although the food at the restaurant
   was usually __________, the main course
   was ____________ by an overabundance of
   salt.

a) bland…enhanced
b) indifferent…supplanted (to take the place
   of)
c) delectable…marred (flawed)
d) distinguished…elevated
e) diverse…superb
Strategies – Guessing & Pacing
If you can eliminate one or more answer
   choice, you should guess.

You should spend 4-5 minutes on one group
 of 7-8 Sentence Completion questions
 (40-45 seconds per question).

Some you only need seconds on and some
 will take longer.
     Princeton Review Sentence
           Completion #2
1. Despite government efforts at population
    control, the number of people in China
    continues to ___________ rapidly.
a) decline
b) increase
c) fluctuate
d) stabilize
e) deploy
2. Archeologists believed until recently that the
    ancient Mayans lived exclusively in
    permanent settlements, but new evidence
    suggests that some of the Mayans made
    seasonal ______________.
a) migrations
b) resolutions
c) renunciations
d) sanctions
e) speculations
3. During the height of the civil war, the
    diplomatic efforts by Sweden to enforce a
    cease-fire were regarded by both sides not
    only with ___________ but also with
    derision.
a) delight
b) reverence
c) scorn
d) vigor
e) yearning
4. The museum has many fine paintings by van
    Gogh, including his _________ and haunted
    self-portrait with the bandaged ear.

a)   tranquil
b)   haughty
c)   colorful
d)   repetitive
e)   anguished
5. Although many of the people at the party
    accepted John’s account of the evening’s
    events, Jason believed it to be
    _______________.
a) generous
b) credible
c) unusual
d) inferior
e) apocryphal
    Princeton Review Sentence
          Completion #3
1. Though he claimed that the computer he
  had just purchased contained the latest
  features, in fact it was already
  ____________.
a. expensive
b. obsolete
c. technical
d. unreliable
e. impressive
2. The city planner argued that the proposed
  convention center would create new traffic
  patterns, some of them benign, but others
  potentially ____________.

a. unexpected
b. productive
c. older
d. harmful
e. conventional
3. For most film audiences, the ________ of
  a scary event is more ________ than the
  event itself.

a. anticipation…frightening
b. expectation…skeptical
c. experience…mundane
d. application…interesting
e. unfolding…formal
4. It is unclear whether the new treatment
  will be approved for general use because
  its ______ has not yet been _______.

a. usefulness…denied
b. diversity…proven
c. effectiveness…established
d. performance…preserved
e. integrity…lampooned
5. Although Laura’s uncle was _______ by
  nature, he was always _______ for his
  luncheon dates with his niece.

a. predictable….on time
b. tardy….punctual
c. generous…late
d. unstable…tardy
e. hostile…unprepared
     Princeton Review Sentence
           Completion #4
1. Henrietta behaves in such a
   ___________ manner that no one
   expects her to accomplish anything.
a. an intelligent
b. a zealous
c. a slothful
d. an imperious
e. an efficient
2. In their efforts to ____________ the
  existence of a new strain of bacteria,
  scientists may be ____________ by the
  lack of a suitable microscope.

a. establish…hampered
b. eradicate…aided
c. disprove…defined
d. justify…hindered
e. substantiate…unmoved
3. The young children, who willingly stood
  on line for hours to get the basketball
  star’s autograph, referred to him only in
  the most ________ terms.
a. cynical
b. detrimental
c. neutral
d. objective
e. reverential
4. The doctor not only had ____________
  for the new treatment, but he also found it
  ______________.
a. a contempt…necessary
b. an esteem…contagious
c. a fondness…irredeemable
d. a disgust…repugnant
e. a weakness…irrational
5. In her later paintings, the artist exchanged
  her wild brush strokes and chaotic
  layerings of paint for ___________
  attention to detail that verged on
  fussiness.
a. a bohemian
b. a fastidious
c. an unconventional
d. an indelible
e. an opaque

								
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