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					    Revise for GCSE Humanities: Nixon and Watergate

            This is the eighth of eight revision topics.
                     America and the Cold War
                America in the 1950s: Affluent Society
                   Black Americans in the 1950s
                  Kennedy and the New Frontier
                    Civil Rights to Black Power
                          Defeat in Vietnam
                        Cold War to Détente
                       Nixon and Watergate

           How to use this Revision Presentation.

               The Presentation is divided into five sections.
              Spend about 10 minutes revising each section.
  Write Revision Notes, label them clearly and keep them all in one place.
Return to this Presentation often to help embed your learning.

                                                                             1
               Broadwater School           History Department
     Revise for GCSE Humanities: Nixon and Watergate

                  There are five sections to this topic
                       What was Watergate?
                         What does the word mean?
                                      .


                                   Break In
              What actually happened at the Watergate Building?
                                      .


                                Cover Up
                 How did Nixon misuse Presidential power?
                                      .


                                    Tapes
                How did these lead to Nixon’s impeachment?
                                      .


                                   Results
                    What is the importance of Watergate?


           .Spend about 10 minutes revising each section.
Write Revision Notes, title them clearly and keep them all in one place.

                                                                           2
               Broadwater School              History Department
Revise for GCSE Humanities: Nixon and Watergate

     From memory, write out the five section titles
                 What was Watergate?
                   What does the word mean?
                               .


                           Break In
      What actually happened at the Watergate Building?
                               .


                         Cover Up
           How did Nixon misuse Presidential power?
                               .


                            Tapes
           How did these lead to Nixon’s impeachment?
                               .


                           Results
              What is the importance of Watergate?


  . When   you have finished, move on to next the page.
                        Pause Now!

                                                           3
       Broadwater School              History Department
   Revise for GCSE Humanities: Nixon and Watergate

                          Check your learning
                      What was Watergate?
                        What does the word mean?
                                     .


                                  Break In
             What actually happened at the Watergate Building?
                                     .


                               Cover Up
                How did Nixon misuse Presidential power?
                                     .


                                   Tapes
               How did these lead to Nixon’s impeachment?
                                     .


                                  Results
                   What is the importance of Watergate?


. When   you have finished, move on to next the page on Watergate.
                            Pause Now!

                                                                     4
              Broadwater School              History Department
          Revise for GCSE Humanities: Nixon and Watergate

                           Copy these Revision Notes
                          What was Watergate?
In 1972 Burglars were caught in the Democrat‟s election HQ at the Watergate Complex.
          They were caught bugging phones and photographing documents.
                      They were linked to the Republican Party.

Richard Nixon was standing for re-election as the Republican‟s Presidential candidate.
                             He was probably not involved.
              Later, Nixon tried to cover up his knowledge of the events.
             He was forced to resign when it was proved that he had lied.
Nixon is the only President this happened to. He was later pardoned by Jimmy Carter.
           Americans lost confidence in the President and the government.


                When you have finished, move on to the page.
                                Pause Now!

                                                                                         5
                    Broadwater School           History Department
          Revise for GCSE Humanities: Nixon and Watergate

                  From memory, write out the Revision Notes
                          What was Watergate?
In 1972 Burglars were caught in the Democrat‟s election HQ at the Watergate Complex.
          They were caught bugging phones and photographing documents.
                      They were linked to the Republican Party.

Richard Nixon was standing for re-election as the Republican‟s Presidential candidate.
                             He was probably not involved.
              Later, Nixon tried to cover up his knowledge of the events.
             He was forced to resign when it was proved that he had lied.
Nixon is the only President this happened to. He was later pardoned by Jimmy Carter.
           Americans lost confidence in the President and the government.


                When you have finished, move on to the page.
                                Pause Now!

                                                                                         6
                    Broadwater School           History Department
          Revise for GCSE Humanities: Nixon and Watergate

                           Read the full Revision Notes
                          What was Watergate?
In 1972 Burglars were caught in the Democrat‟s election HQ at the Watergate Complex.
          They were caught bugging phones and photographing documents.
                      They were linked to the Republican Party.

Richard Nixon was standing for re-election as the Republican‟s Presidential candidate.
                             He was probably not involved.
              Later, Nixon tried to cover up his knowledge of the events.
             He was forced to resign when it was proved that he had lied.
Nixon is the only President this happened to. He was later pardoned by Jimmy Carter.
           Americans lost confidence in the President and the government.


                When you have finished, move on to the page.
                                Pause Now!

                                                                                         7
                    Broadwater School           History Department
          Revise for GCSE Humanities: Nixon and Watergate

               From memory, write out the Revision Notes again
                          What was Watergate?
In 1972 Burglars were caught in the Democrat‟s election HQ at the Watergate Complex.
          They were caught bugging phones and photographing documents.
                      They were linked to the Republican Party.

Richard Nixon was standing for re-election as the Republican‟s Presidential candidate.
                             He was probably not involved.
              Later, Nixon tried to cover up his knowledge of the events.
             He was forced to resign when it was proved that he had lied.
Nixon is the only President this happened to. He was later pardoned by Jimmy Carter.
           Americans lost confidence in the President and the government.


                When you have finished, move on to the page.
                                Pause Now!

                                                                                         8
                    Broadwater School           History Department
          Revise for GCSE Humanities: Nixon and Watergate

                         Copy these Revision Notes
                                  Break In

 On 17th June 1972 , 5 men broke into the Democratic Party HQ at the
               „Watergate‟ Building in Washington DC.

   They were caught trying to „bug‟ the phones and to take pictures of
                         important documents.

During their trial the men admitted that they had been paid to do it by the
              Republican Party to help them win the election.

               When you have finished, move on to the page.
                               Pause Now!

                                                                         9
                  Broadwater School       History Department
          Revise for GCSE Humanities: Nixon and Watergate

                 From memory, write out the Revision Notes
                                  Break In

 On 17th June 1972 , 5 men broke into the Democratic Party HQ at the
               „Watergate‟ Building in Washington DC.

   They were caught trying to „bug‟ the phones and to take pictures of
                         important documents.

During their trial the men admitted that they had been paid to do it by the
              Republican Party to help them win the election.

               When you have finished, move on to the page.
                               Pause Now!

                                                                         10
                  Broadwater School       History Department
          Revise for GCSE Humanities: Nixon and Watergate

                         Read the full Revision Notes
                                  Break In

 On 17th June 1972 , 5 men broke into the Democratic Party HQ at the
               „Watergate‟ Building in Washington DC.

   They were caught trying to „bug‟ the phones and to take pictures of
                         important documents.

During their trial the men admitted that they had been paid to do it by the
              Republican Party to help them win the election.

               When you have finished, move on to the page.
                               Pause Now!

                                                                         11
                  Broadwater School         History Department
          Revise for GCSE Humanities: Nixon and Watergate

              From memory, write out the Revision Notes again
                                  Break In

 On 17th June 1972 , 5 men broke into the Democratic Party HQ at the
               „Watergate‟ Building in Washington DC.

   They were caught trying to „bug‟ the phones and to take pictures of
                         important documents.

During their trial the men admitted that they had been paid to do it by the
              Republican Party to help them win the election.

           When you have finished, move on to the Cover Up page.
                                Pause Now!

                                                                         12
                  Broadwater School       History Department
             Revise for GCSE Humanities: Nixon and Watergate

                               Copy these Revision Notes
                                       Cover Up
 The official investigation turned up nothing but two Journalists from the Washington Post,
 Bob Woodward & Carl Bernstein were convinced that there was a „cover–up‟ going on and
    conducted their own investigation. They kept digging until they found out the truth.

There is no direct evidence that President Nixon knew about the break-in before it happened.
  However, people working for him definitely knew about it. When Nixon found this out he
         decided on a cover-up. The burglars, it was suggested, should be „paid off‟.

 It was Nixon‟s misuse of Presidential Power to cover up a crime by his staff, that was a big
  mistake. The President tried to block investigations by the Police, the Justice Department
                   and even Congress, but gradually the truth emerged.
              Throughout, Nixon maintained his innocence of any wrongdoing.
                      “There will be no whitewash at the Whitehouse”.
            When you have finished, move on to the page. Pause Now!


                                                                                          13
                       Broadwater School            History Department
             Revise for GCSE Humanities: Nixon and Watergate

                      From memory, write out the Revision Notes
                                       Cover Up
 The official investigation turned up nothing but two Journalists from the Washington Post,
 Bob Woodward & Carl Bernstein were convinced that there was a „cover–up‟ going on and
    conducted their own investigation. They kept digging until they found out the truth.

There is no direct evidence that President Nixon knew about the break-in before it happened.
  However, people working for him definitely knew about it. When Nixon found this out he
         decided on a cover-up. The burglars, it was suggested, should be „paid off‟.

 It was Nixon‟s misuse of Presidential Power to cover up a crime by his staff, that was a big
  mistake. The President tried to block investigations by the Police, the Justice Department
                   and even Congress, but gradually the truth emerged.
              Throughout, Nixon maintained his innocence of any wrongdoing.
                      “There will be no whitewash at the Whitehouse”.
            When you have finished, move on to the page. Pause Now!


                                                                                          14
                       Broadwater School            History Department
             Revise for GCSE Humanities: Nixon and Watergate

                              Read the full Revision Notes
                                       Cover Up
 The official investigation turned up nothing but two Journalists from the Washington Post,
 Bob Woodward & Carl Bernstein were convinced that there was a „cover–up‟ going on and
    conducted their own investigation. They kept digging until they found out the truth.

There is no direct evidence that President Nixon knew about the break-in before it happened.
  However, people working for him definitely knew about it. When Nixon found this out he
         decided on a cover-up. The burglars, it was suggested, should be „paid off‟.

 It was Nixon‟s misuse of Presidential Power to cover up a crime by his staff, that was a big
mistake. The President tried to block investigations by the Police, the Justice Department and
                     even Congress, but gradually the truth emerged.
              Throughout, Nixon maintained his innocence of any wrongdoing.
                      “There will be no whitewash at the Whitehouse”.


             When you have finished, move on to the page. Pause Now!

                                                                                         15
                       Broadwater School            History Department
             Revise for GCSE Humanities: Nixon and Watergate

                  From memory, write out the Revision Notes again
                                       Cover Up
 The official investigation turned up nothing but two Journalists from the Washington Post,
 Bob Woodward & Carl Bernstein were convinced that there was a „cover–up‟ going on and
    conducted their own investigation. They kept digging until they found out the truth.

There is no direct evidence that President Nixon knew about the break-in before it happened.
  However, people working for him definitely knew about it. When Nixon found this out he
         decided on a cover-up. The burglars, it was suggested, should be „paid off‟.

 It was Nixon‟s misuse of Presidential Power to cover up a crime by his staff, that was a big
  mistake. The President tried to block investigations by the Police, the Justice Department
                   and even Congress, but gradually the truth emerged.
              Throughout, Nixon maintained his innocence of any wrongdoing.
                      “There will be no whitewash at the Whitehouse”.
                When you have finished, move on to the Tapes page.
                                   Pause Now!

                                                                                          16
                       Broadwater School            History Department
            Revise for GCSE Humanities: Nixon and Watergate

                              Copy these Revision Notes
                                     The Tapes
Since 1970, Nixon had taped all conversations in his Oval Office. When the existence of the
tapes became known people knew Nixon had tried to cover-up the burglary and his denials
  had been untrue. He had lied to the American People. Nixon tried to stop the tapes being
 released – he even cut incriminating sections out and blamed his secretary for erasing it!

                          The tapes shocked many Americans.
  Nixon used foul language and sounded like a gangster plotting how to get away with it.
          Nixon was facing impeachment (removal from office) and even prison!

                         On the 8th August 1974 Nixon resigned.
                      He is the only President ever to have resigned!


                   When you have finished, move on to the page.
                                   Pause Now!

                                                                                       17
                      Broadwater School            History Department
            Revise for GCSE Humanities: Nixon and Watergate

                     From memory, write out the Revision Notes
                                     The Tapes
Since 1970, Nixon had taped all conversations in his Oval Office. When the existence of the
tapes became known people knew Nixon had tried to cover-up the burglary and his denials
  had been untrue. He had lied to the American People. Nixon tried to stop the tapes being
 released – he even cut incriminating sections out and blamed his secretary for erasing it!

                          The tapes shocked many Americans.
  Nixon used foul language and sounded like a gangster plotting how to get away with it.
          Nixon was facing impeachment (removal from office) and even prison!

                         On the 8th August 1974 Nixon resigned.
                      He is the only President ever to have resigned!


                   When you have finished, move on to the page.
                                   Pause Now!

                                                                                       18
                      Broadwater School            History Department
            Revise for GCSE Humanities: Nixon and Watergate

                             Read the full Revision Notes
                                     The Tapes
Since 1970, Nixon had taped all conversations in his Oval Office. When the existence of the
tapes became known people knew Nixon had tried to cover-up the burglary and his denials
  had been untrue. He had lied to the American People. Nixon tried to stop the tapes being
 released – he even cut incriminating sections out and blamed his secretary for erasing it!

                          The tapes shocked many Americans.
  Nixon used foul language and sounded like a gangster plotting how to get away with it.
          Nixon was facing impeachment (removal from office) and even prison!

                         On the 8th August 1974 Nixon resigned.
                      He is the only President ever to have resigned!


                   When you have finished, move on to the page.
                                   Pause Now!

                                                                                       19
                      Broadwater School            History Department
            Revise for GCSE Humanities: Nixon and Watergate


                 From memory, write out the Revision Notes again
                                     The Tapes
Since 1970, Nixon had taped all conversations in his Oval Office. When the existence of the
tapes became known people knew Nixon had tried to cover-up the burglary and his denials
  had been untrue. He had lied to the American People. Nixon tried to stop the tapes being
 released – he even cut incriminating sections out and blamed his secretary for erasing it!

                          The tapes shocked many Americans.
  Nixon used foul language and sounded like a gangster plotting how to get away with it.
          Nixon was facing impeachment (removal from office) and even prison!

                         On the 8th August 1974 Nixon resigned.
                      He is the only President ever to have resigned!


                 When you have finished, move on to Results page.
                                   Pause Now!

                                                                                       20
                      Broadwater School            History Department
             Revise for GCSE Humanities: Nixon and Watergate

                               Copy these Revision Notes
                                           Results
                          Watergate has serious effects on America.
Many Americans felt let down by politicians, especially the President. People felt he had been
           too powerful. People no longer trusted the President and Politicians.
  One result was a „Freedom of Information Act‟, which made it easier for people to obtain
               official documents and find out what the government is up to.

 Watergate weakened the US abroad. When Gerald Ford took over, the North Vietnamese
used the confusion to invade south Vietnam, knowing that the US wouldn‟t send in troops. In
                     April 1975, South Vietnam fell to the Communists.

  Jimmy Carter won the election in 1976. Americans voted for him because of his honesty.
                                              .

                    When you have finished, move on to the page.
                                    Pause Now!


                                                                                         21
                       Broadwater School             History Department
             Revise for GCSE Humanities: Nixon and Watergate


                      From memory, write out the Revision Notes
                                           Results
                          Watergate has serious effects on America.
Many Americans felt let down by politicians, especially the President. People felt he had been
           too powerful. People no longer trusted the President and Politicians.
  One result was a „Freedom of Information Act‟, which made it easier for people to obtain
               official documents and find out what the government is up to.

 Watergate weakened the US abroad. When Gerald Ford took over, the North Vietnamese
used the confusion to invade south Vietnam, knowing that the US wouldn‟t send in troops. In
                     April 1975, South Vietnam fell to the Communists.

  Jimmy Carter won the election in 1976. Americans voted for him because of his honesty.
                                              .

                    When you have finished, move on to the page.
                                    Pause Now!

                                                                                         22
                       Broadwater School             History Department
             Revise for GCSE Humanities: Nixon and Watergate


                              Read the full Revision Notes
                                           Results
                          Watergate has serious effects on America.
Many Americans felt let down by politicians, especially the President. People felt he had been
           too powerful. People no longer trusted the President and Politicians.
  One result was a „Freedom of Information Act‟, which made it easier for people to obtain
               official documents and find out what the government is up to.

 Watergate weakened the US abroad. When Gerald Ford took over, the North Vietnamese
used the confusion to invade south Vietnam, knowing that the US wouldn‟t send in troops. In
                     April 1975, South Vietnam fell to the Communists.

  Jimmy Carter won the election in 1976. Americans voted for him because of his honesty.
                                              .

                    When you have finished, move on to the page.
                                    Pause Now!

                                                                                         23
                       Broadwater School             History Department
             Revise for GCSE Humanities: Nixon and Watergate


                  From memory, write out the Revision Notes again
                                           Results
                          Watergate has serious effects on America.
Many Americans felt let down by politicians, especially the President. People felt he had been
           too powerful. People no longer trusted the President and Politicians.
  One result was a „Freedom of Information Act‟, which made it easier for people to obtain
               official documents and find out what the government is up to.

 Watergate weakened the US abroad. When Gerald Ford took over, the North Vietnamese
used the confusion to invade south Vietnam, knowing that the US wouldn‟t send in troops. In
                     April 1975, South Vietnam fell to the Communists.

  Jimmy Carter won the election in 1976. Americans voted for him because of his honesty.
                                              .

            You have finished. To embed your learning, come back soon.
                                    Quit Now!

                                                                                         24
                       Broadwater School             History Department

				
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