The Vietnam Conflict by dfhdhdhdhjr

VIEWS: 3 PAGES: 23

									The Vietnam Conflict:
      A History
Map of Vietnam
         History of Vietnam
• Fought to remain
  independent of
  foreign
  conquerors
• Ruled by China
  for centuries
• France made
  Vietnam a colony
  in the mid 1800’s
       French Colonialism
• Used raw materials: rubber, rice, and
  lumber
• Exploited the population for cheap
  labor
• People suffered under French rule
• 1920: Vietnamese Communist Party
  under Ho Chi Minh is
  assembled…called the Viet Minh
           World War II
• 1940-1944 Vietnam was occupied by
  Japan
• Viet Minh fought guerilla war against
  the Japanese
• 1945 End of WWII- French regain
  control of Vietnam from the British
• French control is weak because of
  the war in Europe
               Ho Chi Minh
• Revolt against French
  led by Minh
• Studied Communism
  in China and USSR
• “Barefoot Army”
• French controlled
  cities, Minh controlled
  countryside (85% of
  population)
• French defeated at
  Dienbienphu in May
  of 1954.
• 16,500 French, only
  3,000 survive
      American Influence
• US financed 80% of war
• US takes France’s place in Southeast
  Asia
• US afraid of Communist Vietnam-
  “Domino Effect”
• Cease fire agreement called for by
  international conference
            Vietnam Divided
• Divided in half at 17th
  Parallel
• North - Communist
  rule (Ho Chi Minh)
• Capital - Hanoi

• South - Government
  supported by US
• Ngo Dinh Diem -
  President
• More emperor than
  president
• Capital - Saigon
             US Presence
• 1961 – 700 -12,000
  military advisors in
  country
• Special Forces -
  Green Berets
• Aerial spraying of
  herbicides over
  rural Vietnam
• By 1963, 17,000 US
  troops
 South Vietnamese Government

• Nov. 1, 1963 - Coup
  in SV, Diem killed
• Nov. 22, 1963 -
  President Kennedy
  assassinated -
  Johnson becomes
  President
• SV government
  extremely unstable
• Changes leaders 8
  times in 2 years
                  Vietcong
• 1964 - Communist
  soldiers in South
  Vietnam
• Terrorists
• Supplied by NV
  through the Ho Chi
  Minh Trail
• Bombed public places
  where Americans
  congregated
• Charlie, Cong, VC, Mr.
  Charles, Victor
  Charlie
    Gulf of Tonkin Incident
• President Johnson wanted to bomb Hanoi
• Congress had to approve bombing
• Aug. 2, 1964 - Gulf of Tonkin (off NV
  coast)
• Destroyer USS Maddox attacked by NV
  gun-boats
• Sank 1, crippled other 2
• Maddox hit by 1 bullet
• Fact or hoax? reason to bomb
Operation Rolling Thunder
             • Air war begins
               over North
               Vietnam
             • Public backs
               President
             • Intimidate NV
               people and leaders
             • Bombing was not
               the answer
Combat Troops
     Combat Troops Cont.
• March 8, 1965 - 3,500 Marines land at
  DaNang
• 1966 - 250,000 troops in country
• 1967- 463,000 troops in country
• Tour of duty - 1 year
• Domestic opposition: Win the “hearts
  and minds” of the South Vietnamese
  people
        The Vietnamese
• ARVN - Army of the Republic of
  South Vietnam - Not very
  dependable, over-matched by North
• NVA - North Vietnamese Army -
  Battle-hardened troops, fighting
  Chinese, French, and Japanese.
• VietCong - South Vietnamese
  Communists- ally to NVA
How War Was Fought
Cont.
Booby Traps
  Tet Offensive: The Beginning of
              the End
• 1968-Tet New Year-
  cease fire
• US public thought war
  was going our way
• NV and VC launch
  attacks against 100
  towns and cities in SV
  and most military
  installations
• Overrun the US
  Embassy in Saigon
• Pictures shown on TV
• Public learns that war
  is not as they thought
• VC mostly destroyed
  as a fighting force.
            Final Years
• 1972 - Most US troops withdraw
• 1973 - Peace agreement signed in Paris
• 1974 - Fighting erupts between North
  and South
• 1975 Saigon is overrun and falls
• US personnel evacuated
• Saigon becomes Ho Chi Minh City
                                    Casualties
                               - U.S. MILITARY CASUALTIES IN SOUTHEAST ASIA -
                                   - DEATHS BY CASUALTY TYPE AND SERVICE -

                                                    - AS OF MARCH 31, 1997 -
                                       Since 1997 78 names have been added to the memorial
                                                that are not show in the stats below.



CASUALTY TYPE                                                        USA             USN          USAF    USMC     USCG   TOTAL

HOSTILE
                                                                    25,358            1,115         537   11,491      4   38,505
KILLED

HOSTILE
                                                                      3,566              150         49    1,476      1    5,242
DIED OF WOUNDS

HOSTILE
                                                                      1,960              325      1,130      108      0    3,523
DIED WHILE MISSING

HOSTILE
                                                                           45                36      25       10      0     116
DIED WHILE CAPTURED/INTERNED

NONHOSTILE
                                                                      4,907              579        531    1,436      2    7,455
DIED OF OTHER CAUSES

NONHOSTILE
                                                                      1,437                  69     170      314      0    1,990
DIED OF ILLNESS/INJURIES

NONHOSTILE
                                                                         928             281        141        3      0    1,353
DIED WHILE MISSING

TOTAL                                                               38,196           2,555        2,583   14,837      7   58,178
            Final Numbers




• 10 million Vietnamese-1/2 population
  homeless
• US cost of war- around $150 billion dollars

								
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