ch6 by huanghengdong

VIEWS: 13 PAGES: 101

									    In the very distant past, most
                people
1. lived in small          25%   25%   25%   25%
   groups.
2. lived in permanent
   settlements.
3. did not gather
   plants.
4. did not hunt animals.



1   2   3   4   5          1      2     3     4
    Imported plants in Hawaii have
1. crowded out many       25%   25%   25%   25%
   native species.
2. reduced the native
   bird species.
3. introduced diseases.
4. depleted natural
   resources.



1   2   3   4   5         1      2     3     4
The Americans, Europeans, and Asians who
settled in the islands of Hawaii changed the
                   islands by
1.       clearing vast areas for   25%   25%   25%   25%
         the growth of sugar
         cane.
2.       using large amounts of
         water.
3.       introducing nonnative
         crop plants.
4.       all of the above




1    2    3   4   5                1      2     3     4
      Early hunters and gatherers in North
     America may have been responsible for

1.       natural plant and animal   25%   25%   25%   25%
         populations.
2.       a major extinction event
         of large animals.
3.       producing new varieties
         of crops.
4.       inventing technology
         such as manufactured
         tools.



1    2    3   4   5                 1      2     3     4
      Which has become the most important
    source of environmental change on Earth?

1.       climate          25%   25%   25%   25%

2.       energy
3.       human activity
4.       conservation
         biology




1    2    3   4   5       1      2     3     4
An environmental problem that resulted
    from the green revolution was

1.       overpopulation.   25%   25%   25%   25%

2.       failed crops.
3.       starvation.
4.       depleted water
         supplies.




1    2    3   4   5        1      2     3     4
Land is a resource that provides
1. space for cities    25%   25%   25%   25%
   and suburbs.
2. raw materials for
   industry.
3. soil for growing
   crops.
4. all of the above


1   2   3   4   5      1      2     3     4
            An old-growth forest is
1. a renewable           25%   25%   25%   25%
   resource.
2. a nonrenewable
   resource.
3. a microclimate.
4. poor in
   biodiversity.


1   2   3   4   5        1      2     3     4
         A resource, such as air or parts of the
         oceans, that is open to anyone is often
               preserved and protected by
1.       international         25% 25%    25%   25%
         organizations.
2.       everyone.
3.       the country in
         which it is located.
4.       no one.



1    2    3   4   5            1     2     3     4
                  Why are fossil fuels
                   nonrenewable?
1.       They require hundreds of millions of years   25%   25%   25%   25%



         to form.
2.       Their ecosystems change forever when
         they are burned.
3.       They are converted to carbon dioxide         1      2     3     4


         when they are burned.
4.       They exist in a very small supply.




1    2    3   4   5
 Using renewable resources while ensuring
   that they are not depleted is a practice
                    called
1. sustainable            25% 25%    25%   25%
   development.
2. monoculture.
3. biological
   magnification.
4. subsistence
   hunting.


1   2   3   4   5         1     2     3     4
 An example of a sustainable-development
 practice is the use of beneficial insects like
                  ladybugs to
1. harm natural           25% 25%     25%   25%
   resources.
2. pollinate plants.
3. control unwanted
   pests.
4. eat unwanted
   plants.


1   2   3   4   5          1     2     3     4
    What concept should be practiced to live
    interdependently with nature’s systems?

1. aquaculture            25%   25%   25%   25%

2. recycling
3. subsistence
   hunting
4. sustainable
   development



1   2   3   4   5         1      2     3       4
The sulfur and nitrogen compounds
in smog combine with water to form
1.       ozone.              25%   25%   25%   25%

2.       ammonia.
3.       acid rain.
4.       chlorofluorocarbo
         ns.




1    2    3   4   5          1      2     3     4
     Of the following events, the last to occur
    when toxic chemicals are discarded into a
           stream is that the chemicals
1. pose a threat to        25%   25%   25%   25%
   human health.
2. enter the food chain.
3. are carried into a
   lake.
4. harm aquatic plants
   and animals.



1   2   3   4   5           1     2     3     4
When erosion and other factors cause soil to
   lose its ability to hold water and other
nutrients and to support plant life, it is called
1. desertification.        25% 25%     25%   25%

2. depletion.
3. deforestation.
4. monoculture.




1   2   3   4   5          1      2     3      4
 Which of the following is NOT considered a
   sustainable-development strategy for
    management of Earth’s resources?
1. contour plowing        25% 25%  25%  25%

2. desertification
3. aquaculture
4. drip irrigation




1   2   3   4   5       1     2     3    4
    The wearing away of surface soil
     by water and wind is known as
1.       deforestation.     25%   25%   25%   25%

2.       desertification.
3.       overgrazing.
4.       soil erosion.




1    2    3   4   5         1      2     3     4
Farmers can reduce soil erosion
              by
1. increasing          25%   25%   25%   25%
   irrigation.
2. contour plowing.
3. grazing cattle on
   the land.
4. plowing up roots.



1   2   3   4   5      1      2     3     4
            Which is a way to limit
               deforestation?
1. use more wood         25%   25%   25%   25%
   products
2. plant and harvest
   trees on tree farms
3. increase carbon
   dioxide levels
4. fertilize the soil



1   2   3   4   5        1      2     3     4
    The number of different species
       in the biosphere is called
1. biodiversity.        25%   25%   25%   25%

2. ecosystem
   diversity.
3. genetic diversity.
4. species diversity.




1    2   3   4   5      1      2     3     4
        Biodiversity is important to
        human society because it
1. is a natural        25%   25%   25%   25%
   resource.
2. provides food and
   goods.
3. provides
   medicines.
4. all of the above


1   2   3   4   5       1     2     3     4
   The sum total of the genetically based
 variety of living organisms in the biosphere
                     is called
1. species diversity.        25% 25%  25% 25%

2. sustainable
   development.
3. biodiversity.
4. conservation
   biology.



1   2   3   4   5        1     2     3     4
     Biodiversity is valuable in the
         biosphere because it
1.       gives us interesting      25%   25%   25%   25%
         things to look at.
2.       tells us about many
         other species.
3.       is the biological life-
         support system of our
         planet.
4.       provides humans with
         resistance to disease.



1    2    3   4   5                1      2     3     4
       What is meant by “a library of genetic
     information” in reference to biodiversity?

1.       The biodiversity of plants and animals is   25%   25%   25%   25%


         interesting to read about.
2.       All living organisms contain genetic
         information upon which humans can draw
         for future use.
3.       Species provide humans with many useful
         products to enhance our lives.              1      2     3     4




4.       We have much to admire in the many forms
         of life that surround us.



1    2    3   4   5
         Human well-being is tied to
           biodiversity because
1.       humans love to look at beautiful things.     25%   25%   25%   25%



2.       humans are part of the food webs and
         energy cycles that a great variety of
         organisms share.
3.       less biodiversity makes humans
         vulnerable to extinction.                    1      2     3     4




4.       humans need a wide variety of animal
         species for hunting and wildlife products.




1    2    3   4   5
        An endangered species is
1. a diseased animal.     25%   25%   25%   25%
2. a dangerous
   predator.
3. a group of
   organisms in danger
   of extinction.
4. all organisms at the
   top of a food chain.


1   2   3   4   5         1      2     3     4
                      DDT was used to
1.       fertilize soil.      25%   25%   25%   25%

2.       kill insects.
3.       form ozone.
4.       feed animals.




1    2    3   4   5            1     2     3     4
    One property that makes DDT hazardous
        over the long run is that DDT is

1. an insecticide.      25%   25%   25%   25%

2. a perfect
   pesticide.
3. nonbiodegradable
   .
4. deadly to
   herbivores.


1   2   3   4   5        1     2     3     4
All of the following are threats to
       biodiversity EXCEPT
1. biological          25%   25%   25%   25%
   magnification of
   toxic compounds.
2. habitat
   fragmentation.
3. invasive species.
4. species
   preservation.


1   2   3   4   5      1      2     3     4
     One of the greatest threats
    today to biological diversity is
1. old-growth         25%   25%   25%   25%
   forests.
2. ozone depletion.
3. habitat
   destruction.
4. monoculture.



1   2   3   4   5     1      2     3     4
    As DDT moves up the trophic levels in food
      chains, or food webs, its concentration

1.       stays the same.   25%   25%   25%   25%

2.       increases.
3.       decreases.
4.       is eliminated.




1    2    3   4   5        1      2     3     4
    A major factor that negatively
       affects biodiversity is
1. biological              25%   25%   25%   25%
   magnification.
2. habitat
   fragmentation.
3. the green revolution.
4. nonrenewable
   energy.



1   2   3   4   5          1      2     3     4
           One of the goals of
        conservation biology is to
1. enforce             25%   25%   25%   25%
   environmental
   laws.
2. protect habitats.
3. manage natural
   resources.
4. all of the above


1   2   3   4   5      1      2     3     4
     An ecological “hot spot” is an
             area where
1.       habitats and species are   25%   25%   25%   25%
         healthy.
2.       hunting is encouraged.
3.       habitats and species are
         in the most danger of
         extinction.
4.       species diversity is too
         high.




1    2    3   4   5                 1      2     3     4
 The goals of conservation biology
include all of the following EXCEPT
1. wise management of natural     25%   25%   25%   25%


   resources.
2. introducing foreign species
   into new environments.
3. preservation of habitats and
   wildlife.
                                  1      2     3     4


4. protection of biodiversity.



1   2   3   4   5
    Protecting ecosystem diversity
              is a goal of
1. the green revolution.   25%   25%   25%   25%
2. conservation
   biology.
3. the captive breeding
   program.
4. the United Nations.




1   2   3   4   5          1      2     3     4
The “hot spot” strategy seeks to protect
 species in danger of extinction due to

1. captive breeding   25%   25%   25%   25%
   programs.
2. expanding
   national parks.
3. human activity.
4. all of the above



1   2   3   4   5     1      2     3     4
    Protecting an entire ecosystem
            will ensure that
1.       captive breeding programs will          25%   25%   25%   25%

         succeed.
2.       existing parks and reserves will
         expand.
3.       governments will set aside land.
4.       natural habitats and the interactions
         of many different species will be       1      2     3     4



         preserved.




1    2    3   4   5
    Overexposure to UV radiation
               can
1. cause cancer.      25%   25%   25%   25%

2. decrease
   organisms’
   resistance to
   disease.
3. damage eyes.
4. all of the above


1   2   3   4   5     1      2     3     4
An increase in Earth’s average temperature
from the buildup of carbon dioxide and other
      gases in the atmosphere is called
1. the greenhouse        25% 25%   25%   25%
   effect.
2. ozone depletion.
3. global warming.
4. particulate
   dispersal.



1   2   3   4   5        1    2     3     4
Some scientists think that global
      warming may be
1. a natural variation   25%   25%   25%   25%
   in climate.
2. a result of human
   activities.
3. melting the polar
   ice caps.
4. all of the above


1   2   3   4   5        1      2     3     4
        The major cause of ozone
              depletion is
1. nitric acid.         25%   25%   25%   25%

2. sulfuric acid.
3. chlorofluorocarbo
   ns.
4. ultraviolet light.




1   2   3   4   5       1      2     3     4
    What would be the most likely effect of
      an increase in the use of CFCs?
1.       The ozone layer would    25%   25%   25%   25%
         suddenly disappear.
2.       The ozone holes would
         get smaller.
3.       The ozone holes would
         get larger.
4.       There would be no
         effect on ozone in the
         atmosphere.



1    2    3   4   5               1      2     3     4
       Carbon dioxide is released into the
    atmosphere by all of the following EXCEPT
                       the
1. burning of fossil      25%   25%   25%   25%
   fuels.
2. depletion of the
   ozone layer.
3. burning of trees and
   forests.
4. burning of gasoline



1    2   3   4   5         1     2     3     4
The intensive farming practices of the green
    revolution led to the use of beneficial
insecticides. _________________________
1. True                      50%       50%
2. False




1   2   3   4   5          1           2
   By the end of the last ice age, humans
     began the practice of agriculture.
      _________________________
1. True                      50%      50%
2. False




1   2   3   4   5          1           2
       Old-growth forests are a renewable
    resource. _________________________

1. True                    50%      50%
2. False




1   2   3   4   5          1          2
     According to the principles of conservation biology, a
    sustainable system is efficient when it consumes as little
                energy and material as possible.
             ______________________________
1. True                                 50%          50%
2. False




1    2   3   4   5                       1               2
       Acidic gases are released into the air by
    combustion processes such as the burning of
     fossil fuels. _________________________

1. True                        50%        50%
2. False




1   2   3   4   5               1            2
 Wetlands such as swamps can help purify
        water passing through them.
      _________________________
1. True                    50%      50%
2. False




1   2   3   4   5         1         2
    A sustainable-development practice that can pollute water
     with fish wastes if not properly managed is catch limits.
                 _________________________

1. True                                50%           50%
2. False




1     2   3   4   5                     1               2
  Most crop plants have wild relatives with
 useful traits such as resistance to disease.
      _________________________
1. True                      50%        50%
2. False




1   2   3   4   5            1           2
    One of the values of biological magnification is its
    potential as a source for material that is beneficial
     to humankind. _________________________

1. True                             50%          50%
2. False




1     2   3   4   5                  1             2
Biodiversity is important to humankind because we
   are part of it and dependent on it for our own
     survival. _________________________

1. True                       50%        50%
2. False




1   2   3   4   5              1           2
Substances that cannot be broken down into their elements
       by metabolic processes are biodegradable.
         ______________________________

1. True                            50%         50%
2. False




1   2   3   4   5                   1             2
An introduced species can drive an invasive
           species to extinction.
       _________________________
1. True                    50%       50%
2. False




1   2   3   4   5          1          2
   Conservation goals must be weighed
         against economic costs.
      _________________________
1. True                  50%      50%
2. False




1   2   3   4   5        1          2
The main cause of the thinning of the ozone
         layer is global warming.
   ______________________________
1. True                    50%       50%
2. False




1   2   3   4   5          1          2
    A result of global warming might be a rise in
     sea level. _________________________

1. True                        50%        50%
2. False




1    2   3   4   5              1           2
          Participant Scores
0   Participant 1
0   Participant 2
0   Participant 3
0   Participant 4
0   Participant 5
    The _________________________ of animals was an
      important event in history for the advancement of
     agriculture and contributed to a reliable food supply.




1   2   3   4    5
            0 of 5
  Because the gases that make up the air can be
replaced by natural processes, air is classified as a
       ____________________ resource.




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            0 of 5
Sustainable development must be based on
      principles of ecology as well as
         ____________________.




1   2   3   4    5
            0 of 5
      To prevent certain fish populations from
    collapsing, certain ____________________
           have been temporarily closed.




1    2   3   4    5
             0 of 5
    ____________________ is a hard, bricklike
     material formed from tropical soils due to
                  deforestation.




1    2   3   4    5
             0 of 5
Microscopic particles, such as dust and ash,
 that can enter the nose, mouth, and lungs
    are called ____________________.




1   2   3   4    5
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A location that has 170 species of birds has
greater _________________________ than
  a location that has 100 species of birds.




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    Within each species, genetic diversity refers to the total of
      all different forms of _________________________
                       present in that species.




1     2   3   4    5
              0 of 5
         Any species that is threatened with
    extinction is a(an) ____________________
                       species.




1    2   3   4    5
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    Excessive levels of DDT in a small algae-
          eating fish is an example of
     ______________________________.




1   2   3   4    5
            0 of 5
          Top-level carnivores are at greatest risk from
    ______________________________ because they have
      the highest concentration of toxic compounds in their
                             tissues.




1    2   3   4    5
             0 of 5
     Zoos have established _________________________
    programs, in which young animals are raised in protected
     surroundings until the population is stable and are later
                      returned to the wild.




1    2   3   4    5
             0 of 5
    Conservation biology integrates information from other
    scientific disciplines, such as ____________________,
        geography, and natural resource management.




1   2   3   4    5
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    The ____________________
     acts as Earth’s sunscreen.




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    Intense UV radiation due to ozone depletion can
             damage plant leaves and tiny
     _________________________ in the oceans.




1    2   3   4    5
             0 of 5
        What is suburban growth?




1   2   3   4    5
            0 of 5
    How do modern subsistence hunters
    differ from ancient hunter-gatherers?




1   2   3   4    5
            0 of 5
    What development in human history led to
    humans gathering in settlements, towns,
                 and cities?




1   2   3   4    5
            0 of 5
        Give an example of how a renewable
          resource can become limited or
                  nonrenewable.




1   2   3   4    5
            0 of 5
        What is the “tragedy of the
               commons”?




1   2   3   4    5
            0 of 5
        What are the goals of sustainable
    development, and upon what principles are
          sustainable practices based?




1    2   3   4    5
             0 of 5
        Contrast biodiversity with
           species diversity.




1   2   3   4    5
            0 of 5
    Why is biodiversity one of Earth’s
      greatest natural resources?




1   2   3   4    5
            0 of 5
Calculate how much DDT could be found in the tissues of a
fish on the third trophic level if the concentration of DDT in
              the water is 10 parts per million.




1   2   3   4    5
            0 of 5
        How is hunting a threat to
              biodiversity?




1   2   3   4    5
            0 of 5
    What is a biodiversity “hot spot”? Where is
     such a hot spot in the United States?




1    2   3   4    5
             0 of 5
    Describe how deforestation might
      contribute to global warming.




1   2   3   4    5
            0 of 5
            What is ozone? Why is it
                   important?




1   2   3    4    5
             0 of 5
    Describe three services that are
    provided by a healthy biosphere.




1   2   3   4    5
            0 of 5
      Why are scientists trying to model the
    possible effects on the atmosphere due to
                 global warming?




1   2   3   4    5
            0 of 5
        How is Earth like an island?




1   2    3   4    5
             0 of 5
    How can we ensure the sustainable development of water
    resources? How is water conservation consistent with the
            principles of sustainable development?




1     2   3   4    5
              0 of 5
     Describe the process of desertification.
    Include a discussion of fertile topsoil and
      how it changes through soil erosion.




1   2   3   4    5
            0 of 5
     What causes acid rain? What is the
    effect of acid rain on natural habitats?




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             0 of 5
Discuss biodiversity as a source
of medicines. Give an example.




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            0 of 5
    What are introduced species? How
     are they a threat to biodiversity?




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             0 of 5
    Describe how habitat fragmentation occurs.
     What is a biological “island”? How does it
          differ from large ecosystems?




1    2   3   4    5
             0 of 5
     Discuss one of the challenges to
conservation efforts in developing countries.
             Give an example.




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            0 of 5
What is the difference between captive breeding programs
   and ecosystem preservation in terms of conservation
biology? Describe how conservation groups are working to
                    protect biodiversity




1   2   3   4    5
            0 of 5
    Discuss the health effects of damage to the
     ozone layer and the steps being taken to
           help deal with the problem.




1    2   3   4    5
             0 of 5

								
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