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                           Final Exam Study Guide
                     Seventh Grade Gifted Language Arts
Vocabulary Lessons #1-15. The following words will appear on the vocabulary section of your
Vocabulary and Literature final exam. An understanding of definitions, synonyms, antonyms, and
word usage will be necessary for success.

Lesson Vocabulary Words
1      bonanza
2      incognito
3      audacious
4      residue
5      cower
6      bask
7      menial
8    divergent
9    awry
10   upbraid
11   calamitous
12   recipient
13   simper
14   tedious
15   parable
Literature. The following terms will appear in the literature section of your Vocabulary and
Literature Final Exam. An understanding of their definitions and how they are used in a piece of
literature will be necessary for success.

   1.    fiction
   2.    antagonist
   3.    protagonist
   4.    atmosphere
   5.    conflict
   6.    point of view
          first person
          second person
          third person limited
          third person omniscient
   7.    setting
   8.    theme
   9.    author’s purpose
   10.   characterization
   11.   dynamic character
   12.   static character
   13.   flat character
   14.   round character
   15.   flashback
   16.   foreshadowing
   17.   irony
   18.   genre
   19.   plot
          exposition
          narrative hook
          rising action
          climax
          falling action
          resolution
   20.   non-fiction
   21.   expository essay
   22.   persuasive essay
   23.   memoir
   24.   autobiography
   25.   biography
   26.   author’s purpose
   27.   fact
   28.   opinion
   29.   inference
   30.   main idea
   31.   verbal irony
          exaggeration
          understatement
          sarcasm
   32.   metaphor
   33.   simile
   34.   personification
Grammar. The following concepts will be tested on your Grammar Final Exam. An
understanding of definitions, rules, and their application will be necessary for success.

Types of Sentences
   1. declarative
   2. interrogative
   3. imperative
   4. explamatory

Practice. Add the proper end mark to each sentence. Identify the sentence as declarative,
interrogative, imperative, or exclamatory.

   5. What kind of intentions do you have
   6. How sorry he was to have missed your party
   7. Is he still very sick
   8. Help me with the groceries
   9. I hope he can go
   10. How fresh the air feels after a storm
   11. Imagine a ride in a space shuttle
   12. Several recent movies have contained much violence

Sentence Structure
   1. simple sentence
   2. compound sentence
   3. complex sentence
   4. compound subject
   5. compound predicate
   6. compound subject and compound predicate

Practice. Label each sentence as simple, compound, or complex or as having a compound
subject, compound predicate, or both compound subject and compound predicate.

   7. The bushes and flowers have grown very large this spring.
   8. Carl splashed the water and soaked his brother.
   9. Behind my house are a shopping center and movie theater.
   10. Orange and red leaves fluttered to the ground.
   11. The girl called her mom, but there was no answer.
   12. He danced around the room and fell into a group of girls.
   13. It rains a great deal in the summer.
   14. Bill wants to go, but his mom won’t let him.
   15. Mom and I bought shoes and purses.
   16. Jack and Jill went up the hill and fetched water.
   17. Because the park is maintained by the city, the citizens have complained to the mayor
       about vandalism.
   18. The satellite will be launched if the weather remains good.
   19. The theater group was happy with the performance.
   20. Max and Will increased their speed and passed the other runner.
Irregular Verbs: Know the forms of each irregular verb.

Present                 Present Participle       Past                     Past Participle

Practice: Choose the verb in parentheses that best completes each sentence.

   1. (Lie, Lay) the package there.
   2. I have (lain, laid) on the sofa all day.
   3. Yesterday, that alligator (laid, lay) in the sun all day.
   4. My cat loves to (lie, lay) in the grass behind my house.
   5. The groundskeeper has (lain, laid) sod all day.
   6. The reporters (rise, raise) when the President enters a room.
   7. Will Congress (rise, raise) taxes this year?
   8. They (rise, raise) their hands to be recognized.
   9. My interest in books has (risen, raised) to new heights.
   10. Would you please (sit, set) the sofa down here?
   11. You’d better (sit, set) down while I tell you this.
   12. He left his school books (lying, laying) on the table.
   13. Have you (began, begun) your homework?
   14. She has (sang, sung) professionally for many years.
   15. Nicholas was the first woman who (swam, swum) the English Channel both ways.
   16. The truck has (rode, ridden) all over the rough country.
   17. The oranges has (froze, frozen) on the trees last winter.
   18. I wish I had (brung, brought) more water.
   19. He found that his wallet had been (stole, stolen)
   20. Rob had (chose, chosen) to take band this year.

Verb Tenses: Know how to form verbs into each of the following tenses or forms:
   1. present
   2. past
   3. future
   4. present perfect
   5. past perfect
   6. future perfect
   7. present progressive
   8. past progressive
   9. future progressive
   10. present perfect progressive
   11. past perfect progressive
   12. future perfect progressive
Practice. Identify the verb or verb phrase in each sentence. Then, identify the tense of each of the
following verbs.

   13. By next year I will run three miles in fifteen minutes.
   14. I have run nearly that fast.
   15. I ran to the store yesterday for a gallon of milk.
   16. When shopping, Janie likes the stores Pennys and Dillards.
   17. As a child, I had been shy.

Practice: Identify the tense of each of the following verbs.

   18. swam
   19. is singing
   20. will help
   21. wants
   22. has
   23. was
   24. took
   25. will be seeing
   26. had been
   27. had lain
   28. plays
   29. has flown
   30. laid
   31. was flying
   32. has been going

Subject-Verb Agreement. Know the rules of subject-verb agreement. Review p. 21 in your
“Guide to Grammar, Writing, and Research.” Write notes in this space:

Practice: Choose the verb that agrees with the subject and correctly completes the sentence.

   1. Either Bob or Wes (are, is) going with me.
   2. One of the girls (is, are) late.
   3. (Are, Is) Mike or Joel playing the game.
   4. Near me (run, runs) a small dog.
   5. Neither he nor they (is, are) eligible.
   6. In my room (was, were) my friends.
   7. The winner and her parents (are, is) heading to the stage now.
   8. The boys and the dog (is, are) playing Frisbee on the front yard.
   9. Neither of the plants (need, needs) water.
   10. Two minutes (is, are) long enough to bail an egg.
   11. None of my rosebushes (bloom, blooms) in February.
   12. Both of my brothers (take, takes) tennis lessons.
   13. Macaroni and cheese (is, are) my favorite side dish.
Noun Complements. Be able to identify the following noun complements:
   1. direct object
   2. indirect object
   3. object of the preposition
   4. predicate adjective
   5. predicate noun

Practice: Identify the direct object (DO), indirect object (IO), object of the preposition (OP),
predicate adjective (PA), and/or predicate noun (PN) in each sentence.

   6. John sold candy to the students.
   7. Robert gave Michelle a bracelet.
   8. His is a winner in every way.
   9. Chocolate is my favorite.
   10. Jump into the pool.
   11. David is an excellent swimmer.
   12. In the morning I hear the birds.
   13. Can you bring me the cookies?
   14. He tossed the ball to his dog.
   15. The owner of the building is that man across the street.
   16. The prom queen is my sister.
   17. Did you see her at the ceremony?

Pronoun Usage.

   1. Know the difference between subject, object, and possessive pronouns and how to use
      them in sentences.

   2. Know when to use who and whom.

   3. Know when to use who’s and whose.

   4. Know when to use it’s and its.

   5. Know how to agree indefinite pronouns with their antecedents (especially when the
      antecedents are also pronouns).
Practice. Choose the pronoun that correctly completes each sentence.

   6. Help (he and I, him and me).
   7. The author is (her, she).
   8. John and (he, him) are late.
   9. Dave gave (we, us) boys a drink.
   10. Anyone can tie (his, their) own shoes.
   11. Everyone is entitled to (her, their) own opinion.
   12. These are (them, they) that I told you about.
   13. He saw Dave and (I, me).
   14. (It’s, Its) time to go.
   15. Each dog has (it’s its) own bone.
   16. (Who’s, Whose) book is this?
   17. (Who’s, Whose) going on the trip?
   18. (Who, Whom) are you taking?
   19. (Who, Whom) will help me?

Using Modifiers to Make Comparisons.

   1. Know how to form adjectives and adverbs into comparative and superlative forms.

   2. Know how to use the following modifiers correctly:
       bad, badly
       good, well
       far (distance and extent)
       than, then

Practice. Choose the word in parentheses that correctly completes the sentence.

   1. I felt (bad, badly) that I missed the slide show on Scotland.
   2. They didn’t feel (bad, badly) about killing another king.
   3. There were (fewer, less) people willing to support a weak king.
   4. If a king ruled (good, well), people would continue to support him.
   5. A (good, well) king showed success by winning battles.
   6. Thank goodness there is (fewer, less) violence now than in ancient times.
   7. Do you think you did (good, well) on the test about Scottish history?
   8. I hope I didn’t do too (bad, badly).
   9. I wish there had been (fewer, less) questions about Duncan and Macbeth.
   10. Although I think I understood the story (good, well), I couldn’t remember all the dates.
   11. You are smarter (than, then) you think.
Parts of Speech. Identify words being used as the following parts of speech in a sentence:

    1.   noun
    2.   pronoun
    3.   verb
    4.   adjective
    5.   adverb
    6.   preposition
    7.   conjunction
    8.   interjection

Practice. Label the part of speech of each word in the following sentences. If a word is a noun, identify it
(if possible) as the subject, direct object, indirect object, object of preposition, or predicate noun.

    1.   The boys ordered a pizza and ate it very quickly.
    2.   He lives in the country with his younger sister.
    3.   Carolyn is a very polite person.
    4.   John is not going with us tomorrow.
    5.   Jump into the water.
    6.   The elephant has an unusually large appetite.
    7.   here is my money for the party.
    8.   The lost puppy was scared and lonely.
    9.   All of the concert members harmonize with each other.

Punctuation. Know all rules for using the following forms of punctuation:

    1. periods

    2. question marks

    3. exclamation marks

    4. commas

    5. quotation marks with direct quotations
6. colons

7. semicolons

8. hyphens

9. apostrophes with possessive nouns

10. apostrophes with contractions

11. underlining (or italics) and quotation marks with titles

Practice. Add punctuation where appropriate in each sentence or group of words.
12. Notice Class has been canceled today.
13. I am going shopping I’ll be back soon.
14. You need these supplies for class book paper pen and pencil
15. I’ve lived in Miami Florida for the past six years.
16. Sunday May 14 2006 was Mothers day.
17. Sue my friend is late and she will receive a detention.
18. Yours truly
19. Dear Grandma
20. Dear Sir
21. Her favorite song is Somewhere over the Rainbow.
22. The Phantom of the Opera is a Broadway musical based on Gaston Lerouxs novel.
23. Two thirds of the students were absent with the flu.
24. When I was better I returned to school.
25. Go to school and study hard said my grandmother.

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