FQ2 What migration mvmts are there within NZ and what are the assoc issues by huanghengdong


									F.Q.2 What migration movements are there within New
      Zealand and what are the associated issues?
 Why are people moving from place to place?
 • People migrate because they want to
   improve their lives e.g more money, better
   education etc
 • For people to think of moving life must be
    Better in another place (pull factor)
    Bad where they live     (push factor)

       For most it’s a mixture of both
    Look how mobile we are : how often do we move in our lifetimes?

Young people are more likely to move than other groups. 31% of all people who move
from one area to another are likely to be aged between 15-24 years.
TASK: Draw a star diagram to give reasons why young people are more likely to move
houses than any other age groups.
HWK: Ask your parents how many homes they lived in between the ages of 15-24
years. Do they fit this idea?
• Moving affects both the region they have
  come from and the region they move to.
  Communities need to be aware of this so
  that changes can be made to cater for the
  new population.
• Although people move in almost all
  directions, there are some patterns of
  movement that are more dominant than
Dominant population movements

            • Northward Drift

            • Rural to urban
F.Q.2 What migration movements are there within New
      Zealand and what are the associated issues?

Head up F.Q.2… (we’re starting a new focussing
 question so write as above)

• Complete the activities in the box on page 51
• Complete the activities in the box on page 52
• Get an outline map of NZ from Ms De Souza
  and copy the arrows from the 13.2 diagram
• Get ‘Rural- Urban’ drift’ question sheet from Ms
  De Souza and complete
Northward Drift: The population moves north
•   The graph
    shows that the
    North Island has
    grown a lot
    faster than the
    South Island.
•   Study the graph
    to find out which
    year the North
    Island ‘overtook’
    the South
•   Is the difference
    getting less or
    Give 2 reasons
    for the rapid
    growth of the
    North Island.
                                  Directions of Internal movement 1986-1991

Using the diagram (13.2 in textbook)
   and the information on the next
• Convert the information
  shown by the arrows
  on the map into short
• Set the paragraphs out
  in sentences that:
    – Make a general
      statement about a group
      of arrows.
    – Explain the movement
      more exactly.
    – Suggest reasons for the
       Why do people move north?
TASK: write the following points down, listing next to
 each point whether it was a push factor or a pull factor
  (pushing out of southern areas, pulling people towards the north)

• End of the Otago gold rushes 1860’s.
• Maori wars ended brought peace and safety in the North
  Island for European settlement.
• Immigration policies encouraged people to live in the
  North Island.
• Opening up of the kauri fields in Northland.
• Development of dairy farming in the N.I.
• Increased urbanisation caused more diversity in jobs in
  the North Island
• The significance of Auckland as an urban area.
          Rural to urban drift
Use pages 53-55 of the Population Studies textbook to
   complete the following:
1. Is rural- urban drift simply from country to
2. Why do people move to large towns/ large
3. What are the two main factors for people
   moving within cities?
4. Multi-line graph (table and activity on next slide)
5. Copy diagram 13.5 on page 54
           Step-wise migration
• Rural-urban drift is not simply from country to
• People often move in steps eg country areas
  to small towns to small cities then finally to a
  big city.
• Called stepwise migration

Q: Why do people move in small steps
 from country areas to cities?

  E.G Matamata- Cambridge- Hamilton- Auckland
   Why do people move to large towns/ large cities?

• Mechanisation on farms reduced employment.
• Greater accessibility to health and education.
  Also entertainment.
• Range of jobs available.
• To follow family members who have moved.
• Uncertainty of income in the country regions
   Rural and urban population percentages
          in New Zealand, 1901-2003
• Use the table below to     Year      Rural          Urban
  draw a multi-line                 Population %   Population %
  graph of the data – be
  sure to give your          1901      54.4           45.6
  graph a title (including
                             1926      31.61          68.39
  dates), label the axes,
  give your graph a key      1945      25.8           74.2
  (one colour for rural
  and another for urban      1966      20.7           79.3
  populations) and           1986      15.1           84.9
  remember to start the
  graph on the y axis.       1991      15.0           85.0

                             2003      12.0           88.0
Push/ Pull model of rural to urban
     Intra-urban migration: people moving
                 within cities
• Family
• Income and
  jobs change.
• Housing
• Different
  areas attract
  different types
  of people.
Moving within a city- changes
     with stages of life
  Examples of intra-urban movement
             in Auckland
• Leaving home, studying at university e.g Mt
  Albert to Onehunga (flatting).
• First job e.g apartment in Eden Terrace, flat
  in Grey Lynn/ Ponsonby
• Marriage – renting house in Blockhouse Bay
• First home – purchase home in Avondale
• Bigger family home in Mt Albert with arrival of
  first child
• Larger family home in Mt Eden – stay until
• Retirement area in Orewa.
      Inter-urban migration

• Migration between cities.
  E.G from Wellington to Auckland

• Why does this occur?
  – Jobs often the main reason for this
              Counter flows
• Urban to rural – looking for a lifestyle change

• North to South – moving to South Island –
  change in lifestyle, cheaper accommodation,
  reunite with family.

• Large cities to small towns/coastal towns –
  retirement, cheaper housing costs.
F.Q.2 What are the effects of movements
 on the places of origin, destination and
          migrants themselves

What are the effects of movements on the places of

• Rural Depopulation

What are the effects of movements on the destination

• Suburban sprawl
• Infill housing
• Gentrification
      Suburban sprawl
• Urbanisation has
  caused suburban
• Trams brought the 1st
  wave of suburban
  development to NZ’s
  towns/ cities
• But after 1930’s cars
  were more popular!
• Rapid urbanisation after the development of
  motorways caused the spread of residential
  suburbs in Auckland and Wellington…which
  – Commuter traffic
  – Traffic congestion
  – Loss of quality farmland
Recent trends
• Infill housing:
 subdivision of property, to
 build more houses
• Gentrification:
 renovation of poor and
 working class urban
 neighbourhoods and the
 displacement of the original
What differences are there in living
      conditions within NZ?

Living conditions worksheet

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