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FIREARMS

VIEWS: 27 PAGES: 17

									      FIREARMS
             PATRICK GILES, SHANE
            STEPHENS, BRYAN SIRES

Provided by Dr. James Corbett, Agriculture Teacher, Lowndes Co. High School
GA Ag Ed Curriculum Office
To accompany Georgia Agriculture Education Curriculum Lesson 03411
July 2002
OBJECTIVES
    Students will be able to recognize the ten most important safety
     rules
    Students will be able to understand the importance of muzzle
     control
    Students will be able to identify the three basic parts which all
     guns have and explain the function of each
    Students will be able to identify the three basic types of
     firearms and the different types of actions
    Students will understand and be able to explain caliber and
     gauge
    Students will know the basic components of modern
     ammunition and will be able to describe their role in the firing
     sequence
OBJECTIVES (CONTINUED)
  Students will understand the dangers
   that may be involved in firing antique
   firearms and replicas, and in the use of
   black powder vs. smokeless powder
  Students will understand and be able to
   explain zones of fire
  Students will understand how to safely
   transport firearms
OBJECTIVES (CONTINUED)
  Students will understand the
   importance of properly cleaning
   firearms
  Students will understand how to safely
   and properly store firearms and ammo
TERMS TO KNOW
  Firearm
 -a tool invented by man to propel a projectile
   such as a bullet
  Safety
 -designed to prevent the firearm from firing
   accidentally
  Magazine
 -holds stored cartridges ready to be loaded into
   chamber
  Shot
 -small lead or steel pellets
Ten Commandments of
Firearm Safety
 1.Control the direction of your   6.Never point a firearm at anything
 firearm’s muzzle.                 you do not want to shoot.
 2.Identify your target and what   7.Never climb a fence or tree, or
 is beyond it.                     jump a ditch or log, with a loaded
                                   firearm.
 3.Treat every firearm with the    8.Never shoot a bullet at a flat, hard
 same respect due a loaded         surface or water.
 firearm.
 4.Be sure the barrel and action   9.Store firearms and ammunition
 are clear of obstructions and     separately beyond the reach of
 that you have only ammo of the    children and careless adults.
 proper size for the firearm you
 are carrying.
 5.Unload firearms when not in     10.Avoid alcoholic beverages or
 use.                              other mood-altering drugs before or
                                   while shooting
TYPES OF FIREARMS
  RIFLES-HAVE A THICKER BARREL AND
   GROOVES CUT INTO THE METAL
  SHOTGUNS-FIRE MANY SMALL LEAD
   OR STEEL PELLETS, CALLED A SHOT,
   IN A PATTERN AT A TARGET
  HANDGUNS
RIFLES
  GROOVES ARE CUT INTO THE METAL OF
   THE BARREL TO MAKE THE BULLET SPIN AS
   IT GOES THROUGH THE BARREL WHICH
   MAKES IT GO STAIGHTER AND FARTHER
  THERE ARE FIVE TYPES OF RIFLE ACTIONS:
   BOLT, LEVER ACTION, PUMP,SEMI-
   AUTOMATIC, AND BREAK ACTION
SHOTGUNS
  THE MOST VERSATILE HUNTING
   FIREARM
  THEY FIRE MANY SMALL LEAD OR
   STEEL PELLTS, CALLED A SHOT
  SHOTGUNS CAN BE USED AS RIFLES
   WITH SOME GAME ANIMALS-THEY USE
   EITHER RIFLED SLUGS OR BUCKSHOT
FIREARMS HANDLING AND
SAFETY
    1.ALWAYS CONTROL THE MUZZLE OF YOUR
     FIREARM, POINTING IT IN A SAFE
     DIRECTION.
        Keep your finger off the trigger until you are ready
         to fire.
    2.TREAT EACH FIREARM AS IF IT IS
     LOADED.
        Never accept a firearm from anyone else until you
         have checked personally to see that it is unloaded
FIREARM HANDLING AND
SAFETY (CONTINUED)
    3. BE SURE OF YOUR TARGET, AND
     WHAT IS BEYOND IT
        DON’T TAKE AN OVER THE HILL SHOT
    THERE ARE MANY SAFE WAYS TO
     CARRY A FIREARM: ELBOW, CRADLE,
     TRAIL, SHOULDER, DOUBLE HAND,
     SLING
SAFE SHOOTING ZONES
  THE MOST EXPERIENCED MEMBER OF
   THE GROUP NEEDS TO PERSONALLY
   INSTRUCT EACH HUNTER ON HIS
   DIRECTION THEY SHOULD FIRE.
  A PERSON ON THE LEFT WILL SHOOT
   IN THE LEFT DIRECTION, MIDDLE IN
   THE MIDDLE DIRECTION, AND RIGHT
   TO THE RIGHT DIRECION.
FIREARM PARTS AND AMMO
    DIFFERENT FIREARMS HAVE DIFFERENT
     PARTS, BUT THERE ARE THREE BASIC PARTS
     WHICH ALL GUNS HAVE: THE TRIGGER,
     BARREL, AND SOME KIND OF SIGHT
        The trigger fires the ammo
        The barrel makes the ammo spiral or decides how
         it patterns out
        The sight gives someone a way to aim the gun
AMMUNITION
  There are three types of ammunition:
   rimfire, centerfire, and shotgun shells.
  Rimfire and centerfire cartridges are fired in
   the same way in which your trigger releases
   the hammer that drives a firing pin into the
   primer area; the primer explodes, setting fire
   to the powder which causes very high gas
   pressure which pushes the bullet or shot out
   of the firearm’s barrel.
CLEANING AND STORAGE
  Your firearm should be cleaned after
   each use-use solvent to clean the bore
   thoroughly
  A horizontal rack is fine for storage
  A cased firearm should be placed
   muzzle down
CHAPTER REVIEW
 1.   Name the 3 basic parts of a rifle or shotgun
      -barrel, action, and stock
 2.   What are the four parts of a rifle cartridge?
      -case, primer, powder, and bullet
 3.   Name the five types of actions.
      -bolt, lever, pump, semi-automatic, break
 4.   What is the purpose of the safety?
      -to prevent the firearm from firing if the trigger is
      accidentally pulled
 5.   Name two safety procedures for storing firearms.
      -put it in a case and store it horizontally
CHAPTER REVIEW (CONT.)
 6.    How can a hunter be certain his ammo is the correct and
       safe size?
       -check the caliber or gauge stamped on the barrel
 7.    Explain the shoulder carry and tell when it should not be
       used.
       -you hold the firearm at the grip and lean it on your
       shoulder, you should not use it if there is someone behind
       you
 8.    What is a zone of fire?-a direction in which a hunter can fire
 9.    What are four positions to hold rifles steady?-
       prone,standing,sitting,kneeling
 10.   Explain the shooter’s stance when using a shotgun?-you
       shift your weight to the leg out in front and lean into the
       shotgun

								
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