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					The first known “map
of the world” from
Babylonia, 600 BCE.
Ptolemy’s map of the world (150 CE)
Medieval
 Maps
Including the “New World”
           (1508)
Political
 Maps




  Political means “having to do with government.” A map
   that shows areas under different governments is called a
     political map. In other words, a political map shows
  boundaries between countries. It may also show capitals,
           the cities where governments are located.
  How many countries are border on this map?
     three Pedro Sula the a shown Honduras?
WhatIs San countries share capital ofwith Guatemala?
    Physical
     Maps




Physical
 Maps
                 Elevation Map
Elevation refers to
the height of land
above sea level,
which is always 0
feet or 0 meters.
(Do you know
what country this
is?)
 Topographic
 (or Contour)
     Map
A special kind of physical
map, called a topographic
map, uses contour lines (or
isolines) to represent the
shape of surface features.
The numbers written on
contour lines indicate the
elevation of the lines.


    What do elevation
 What is the closely
 spaced A, indicate
of pointslinesB, and C?
 about the shape of a
       feature?
Identify the features
marked at A and B.
Where is the
elevation highest on
this map? Where is
it lowest?
What landform is being shown here? Can you
        sketch a cross-section of it?
                            In February 2000,
                            Space Shuttle
                            Endeavor
                            completed a
                            mission in which
                            radar was used to
                            map Earth's
                            topography from
                            space. The shuttle
                            orbited Earth for
                            ten days, and the
                            mission mapped
                            over 80% of
                            Earth's surface.


Santa Barbara, California
 Going from Kenmore to
Going from Malden Center
to Harvard, where many
  Haymarket, how do you      Transit Maps
        switch lines?
 different lines would you
             use?
          Thematic Maps
A thematic map displays statistical
data. It also goes by names: special-
purpose, single-topic, or statistical map.
A thematic map is capable of displaying
thousands of numbers on a single image.
                     Choropleth
                       Maps




A choropleth map uses colors or patterns
to classify information on the map. Data
ranges are represented by different colors
or patterns. Usually no more than 8 classes
of data are used.
A dot density
                  Dot-Density Maps
map usually
displays
counts. A dot
is
representative
of a count. In
the example to
the right, each
dot represents
100,000
people.
Symbol Map
             A symbol map
             uses symbols to
             display
             information
             such as
             locations of
             automobiles, oil
             field drills etc.
            Rainfall




 One region of over 80” of
Freetown gets Africa near
    equator gets only 8”
the rain each year. T/F of
    rain each year. T/F
What patterns do you notice? What type of
    climate does most of India have?




                Climate
                       History




                                      Finland was on the
                                         same side as
                                         Norway. T/F


  Sweden French Ottoman Empire the Ottoman Empire. T/F
Part of the and the Empire bordered were French allies. T/F
                  Industry




        the source of much of the most oil?
What is What part of China hasChina’s water power?
   Population
  Information
  This is a map of
Illinois, a US state.
   Chicago is the
    largest city in
 Illinois. In which
 part of the state is
 Chicago located?
 What makes you
       think so?
What do the US, Canada, Western Europe, Russia, and
 Basedare this map,Japan the large as Canada. Yet, on
 Why the US nor India the relationship between a
Neither on China and what is as largest countries on this
                     Statistical Dataintake?
           Other are larger and its caloric Why?
                         size
    country’s population map?than Canada.
                Japan
     this map, they have in common?
    Public
Expenditure for
  Education
This map does not give you
  the exact dollar amount
 Which country spends the
      largest percent on
  each country spends on
  What education?
       education.percentage
          higher What
 Does aother information
  does the mapwouldyou?
   information give you
 spent on education lead to
  need to know spends to
    higher literacy rates?
 Which countryin order the
         work percent?
      smallestout the
    dollars spent in each
           country?
                  Driving
                 Distances

 How far is it
  from San
 Francisco to
Sacramento by
     car?
Elements of a Good Map
Title
Orientation
Date
Author
Legend
Scale

				
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posted:1/24/2012
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