Eve of Revolution in Russia by yurtgc548


									Eve of Revolution in Russia
              Setting the Stage
• The Russian Revolution was like a firecracker with a
  very long fuse. The explosion came in 1917, yet the fuse
  had been burning for nearly a century. The cruel,
  oppressive rule of most 19th Century czars caused
  widespread social unrest for decades. Army officers
  revolted in 1825. Secret revolutionary groups plotted to
  overthrow the government. In 1881, revolutionaries
  angry over the slow pace of political change
  assassinated the reform-minded czar, Alexander II.
  Russia was heading toward a full scale revolution.
                     -World History: Patterns of Interaction
              Czarist Rule
• Czars wanted to continue autocratic rule
• Resisted reforms using harsh tactics
• Characteristics:
  – Censorship
  – Secret Police
  – Oppression of nationalist groups
  – Pogroms- violence against Jews
     Russian Industrialization
• Russia was behind western nations
• Worked to increase production of steel
• Constructed Trans-Siberian Railroad
  connected eastern and western Russia
Revolutionary Movement Grows
• Industrialization brought social problems
  similar to those faced in Europe earlier
• Poor conditions for workers gave rise to
  Revolutionaries like Marxists
  – Wanted workers (proletariat) to rise up
    against the Czar
• 1903 split between revolutionaries
  – Bolsheviks (Lenin) more radical of the two
  – Lenin fled to Europe to avoid arrest in Russia
      Russo-Japanese War
• Late 1800s Russia competed with Japan
  for control of Korea and Manchuria
• Russia and Japan fought each other
• Russian losses led to civil revolts
      Bloody Sunday (1905)
• 200,000 workers protested outside the
  Winter Palace in St. Petersburg
• Workers wanted better working conditions,
  more personal freedoms, and a national
• Czar Nicholas II’s troops opened fire on
  the peaceful protesters
• Wave of strikes and violence erupted
  across Russia
              World War I
• 1914 Russia joined war against Germany
  – Unprepared and under equipped to fight
• Russians lost battle after battle and death
  toll mounted
• Lack of food and fuel shortages
• Soldiers began to mutiny on front lines
• People of Russia lost all faith in Czar
  Nicholas and his wife Alexandria

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