Resto_Chaparral.pptx by fjzhangxiaoquan


									By Iveen Resto
   Biome type: Chaparral located in California and the northern
    portion of the Baja California peninsula, Mexico. Similar
    Chaparral biomes are found in four Mediterranean climate
    regions such as the Mediterranean Basin (known as maquis)
    central Chile (known as matorral), South African Cape region
    (known as fynbos) and Western and Southern Australia.
   Heather: found in Australia and South Africa, is a large shrub
    which flowers when the soil in the chaparral holds the largest
    amount of water. Its way of adaptation is that the seeds are known
    as “drought avoiders” in which the seeds stay dormant until the
    first rainfall in which they then start to sprout.
   Evergreen Shrubs: Found in most chaparrals around the world,
    are known for their deep growing roots that reaches for the deep
    ground water during droughts and adapts in a way of having
    small leathery leaves to reduces water loss, this producer is
    known as a “drought tolerator”.
    Lily: Found in South Africa: they bloom during the spring after a
    wildfire in which they bloom from the burned ground because
    space is provided that was once not there because of the dominant
    plants that prohibit the growth of the lilies. These flowers are
    known as fire followers and use this method as their way of
    adapting to the chaparrals climate and conditions.
   Quail: They live in the growth of the low shrubs that protects them
    from predators. They are also know to be highly social birds which is
    likely an addition to their ability to survive in this biome. Their diet
    mostly consists of berries or seeds they find on the chaparral floor.
   Lynx: They are an endangered species that now lives in the Spain's
    Parque Nacional de Doñana in where their diet of rabbits has been
    wiped out by disease making them have to adapt to eating other
    rodents like squirrels and ground birds such as the quail with
    population still only being 1,000. They use their methods of stalking
    their prey and hiding in the brush from predators.
   Mountian Lion: Known to be a shy animal and run away easily from
    humans, use the brush around the chaparral to hide and sneak behind
    deer as their way of adapting to the chaparral as well as when they
    are hungry or protecting their young make them aggressive to
   The jack-rabbit (Hare) is known as one of the keystone species of
    the chaparral biome because of its ability to survive by being so
    abundant in which makes it less likely to be endangered and also
    by the fact that it is one of the main food sources for carnivores in
    the higher spectrums of the food chain. If the hare were to become
    depleted from the biome, it will cause a dramatic drop in the
    population of some of the higher chained organisms which will
    then cause other populations to grow out of control with time.
   California Condor: Known as a scavenger in chaparral climates, in
    which the head and neck barely have any feathers because it keeps
    them from becoming dehydrated in the heat and also wards off
    the effects of UV light in high altitudes. It is known as a scavenger
    by the fact that it eats large dead mammals such as whales, cattle,
    horses, etc and maybe smaller dead mammals such as rabbits and
    squirrels. They can also live a few days to two weeks without food
    and gorge themselves with 3.3 pounds of meat until they are
    unable to lift off the ground.
   Earthworm: The earthworm is one of the many decomposers
    found in the chaparral biome but just not in much quantity as for
    there is a high chance of them dying due to heat and lack of water.
    They are considered decomposers because they break down small
    dead and organic materials and turn it into humus which is filled
    with nutrients needed to give the soil some nutrient for plant life
    to happen
   The climograph of the chaparral biome is shown by its low
    temperatures during the winter and moderately hot summers and
    high precipitation during the fall and spring seasons.
    The average annual temperature for the chaparral is about 68
    degrees F. with an annual average precipitation of 13-20 inches
   The cause of the dry summers is caused by the high pressure
    system over the chaparral which stops the rain cloud over the
    pacific ocean to reach the chaparral
   The soil of the chaparral biome is nutrient
    deprived in which is cause by lack of rainfall
    and constant droughts which was caused by
    human in terms of deforestation which causes
    the soil from being unable to be held together
    and later blown away to reveal hard rock and
   The human values for the chaparral is actually
    past value for when the biome was known as a
    forest that later become deforested which
    revealed the soil and some plants to the
    elements in which it couldn’t survive in
   The issues in the chaparral biome is the issues of wildfires which
    when naturally occurred helps in the growth of plants in the
    biome but may also spread to house fires around the radius of
    wildfires which may be accidental or natural
   Another issue is the killing of animals by humans in which that if
    too much of a one species is hunted, it may cause an unbalance in
    the food chain of this biome.
   Low soil nutrition
   Dry summers, cold winters, rain filled fall and
   What is it: It lives in Southern Europe in places like Spain and
   Its range of travel is about 100km with territory about 10-20 sq km
    in where they will stay with the factors of food abundance for
    many years
   It used to eat rabbit until its decline due to myxomatosis in which
    it had to adapt to feeding on young deer, mouflon, and ducks in
    which he hunts alone and stalks prey for many hours until the
    prey is a reasonable distance to pounce on.
   Its considered a very territorial species in which it leaves markings
    with urine, droppings and scratch marks on trees
   The main cause of the lynx’s endangerment is
    caused by the drastic decline in rabbits due to
    the disease myxomatosis but with other causes
    such as poaching, road casualties, and habit
    lose to name a few
   The level of endangerment for the lynx is at
    critical with only about 150 left living in the
    entire world for this one species of lynx with
    the harm rate being low due to the laws against
    hunting these lynx.
   The prognosis for the Iberian lynx is that its
    population is supposed to grow due to being
    put into captivity for breeding in which as of
    2010 is supposed to breed 20-40 iberian lynx a
    year in the ways of making reintroductions for
    the lynx in different areas

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